Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Planta ; 254(3): 50, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386845

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Overexpression of the leaf color (Lc) gene in Ma bamboo substantially increased the accumulation level of anthocyanin, and improved plant tolerance to cold and drought stresses, probably due to the increased antioxidant capacity. Most bamboos, including Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro), are naturally evergreen and sensitive to cold and drought stresses, while it's nearly impossible to make improvements through conventual breeding due to their long and irregular flowering habit. Moreover, few studies have reported bamboo germplasm innovation through genetic engineering as bamboo genetic transformation remains difficult. In this study, we have upregulated anthocyanin biosynthesis in Ma bamboo, to generate non-green Ma bamboo with increased abiotic stress tolerance. By overexpressing the maize Lc gene, a bHLH transcription activator involved in the anthocyanin biosynthesis in Ma bamboo, we generated purple bamboos with increased anthocyanin levels including cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside, peonidin 3-O-rutinoside, and an unknown cyanidin pentaglycoside derivative. The expression levels of 9 anthocyanin biosynthesis genes were up-regulated. Overexpression of the Lc gene improved the plant tolerance to cold and drought stress, probably due to increased antioxidant capacity. The levels of the cold- and drought-related phytohormone jasmonic acid in the transgenic plants were also enhanced, which may also contribute to the plant stress-tolerant phenotypes. High anthocyanin accumulation level did not affect plant growth. Transcriptomic analysis showed higher expressions of genes involved in the flavonoid pathway in Lc transgenic bamboos compared with those in wild-type ones. The anthocyanin-rich bamboos generated here provide an example of ornamental and multiple agronomic trait improvements by genetic engineering in this important grass species.


Assuntos
Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Antocianinas , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo
2.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21835, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449927

RESUMO

Circulating neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) resistant to t-PA have not been studied completely although NETs in thrombi may contribute to tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) resistance. This research intended to elucidate whether circulating NETs are associated with t-PA resistance and the underlying mechanism. The levels of NETs were detected in the circulating neutrophils, ischemic brain tissue of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients, and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. NET formation in blood, thrombi, and ischemic brain tissue of mice were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) was assessed using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Procoagulant activity (PCA) was evaluated using fibrin formation assays, thrombin, and purified coagulation complex. The plasma levels of NETs in AIS patients were significantly higher than those in healthy individuals. After thrombolysis, a significant increase was noted in NET markers in no-improvement patients, while the changes in improvement patients were not significant. Importantly, NETs were decorated with von Willebrand factor (vWF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in the blood and thrombi, which could reverse the fibrinolytic effects. In addition, NETs activated platelets (PLTs) and endothelial cells (ECs), stimulating a procoagulant phenotype and facilitating vWF and PAI-1 release. DNase I, activated protein C (APC), and sivelestat markedly inhibited these effects. Furthermore, targeting NETs protected mice from tMCAO-induced cerebral ischemia, possibly by regulating vWF and PAI-1. In summary, NETs may contribute to t-PA resistance in AIS through activation of PLTs and ECs. Strategies against NETs may present a promising therapeutic approach to improve the thrombolysis efficiency of t-PA in AIS patients.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilserinas/metabolismo , Trombina/metabolismo , Trombose/metabolismo
3.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; : 101697, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients are at a high risk of developing venous thromboembolism, with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in procoagulant activity (PCA) in patients with NASH remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the formation of NETs in NASH patients stimulated by specific pro-inflammatory factors. Moreover, we evaluated the pivotal role of NETs in the induction of hypercoagulability in NASH and the interaction between NETs and endothelial injury. METHOD: The levels of the NETs biomarkers were evaluated in the plasma samples of 27 NASH patients and 18 healthy subjects. The formation of NETs was visualized using immunofluorescence microscopy. The PCA of the NETs was assessed using coagulation time, purified coagulation complex, and fibrin formation assays. Confocal microscopy was further used to evaluate the interactions between the NETs and HUVECs. RESULTS: The levels of NETs markers in the plasma of NASH patients were significantly higher than healthy controls. NETs derived from NASH enhanced thrombin and fibrin formation and significantly reduced CT (p<0.05). The mixture of IL-6 and TNF-α triggered the NETs release in the plasma rather than them alone. Additionally, the NETs exerted cytotoxic effects on the endothelial cells, converting them to a procoagulant and pro-inflammatory phenotype, and DNase I could reverse these effects. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed the primary role of NETs in promoting the hypercoagulable state in NASH patients. Methods that prevent the formation of NETs may be a novel approach for the prevention and treatment of NASH.

4.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 560985, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281837

RESUMO

With the development of sequencing technology, the availability of genome data is rapidly increasing, while functional annotation of genes largely lags behind. In Arabidopsis, the functions of nearly half of the proteins are unknown and this remains one of the main challenges in current biological research. In an attempt to identify novel and rapid abiotic stress responsive genes, a number of salt-up (SUP) regulated genes were isolated by analyzing the public transcriptomic data, and one of them, SUPA, was characterized in this study. The expression of SUPA transcripts was rapidly up-regulated by various abiotic stress factors (<15 min), and SUPA protein is mainly localized in the peroxisome. Overexpression of SUPA in Arabidopsis leads to the elevated accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), strong morphological changes and alternations in abiotic stress tolerance. The transcriptome analysis showed changes in expression of genes involved in stress response and plant development. Interestingly, ectopic overexpression of SUPA in poplar leads to a dwarf phenotype with severely curved leaves and changes in the plant tolerance of abiotic stresses. Our study reinforces the potential roles of SUPA in normal plant growth and the abiotic stress response.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(10): 18172-18185, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144362

RESUMO

Adenosine is a promising cytotoxic reagent for tumors, long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been indicated to play critical roles in tumorigenesis, ILF3 has been recognized as a MEG3-binding protein, however, the roles of adenosine and MEG3 on hepatoma are still ambiguous. To clarify the effects of MEG3 on the adenosine-induced cytotoxicity in hepatoma, MEG3 and ILF3 lentivirus were transduced into human hepatoma HepG2 cells to stimulate overexpression of MEG3 (OE MEG3) and overexpression of ILF3 (OE ILF3), furthermore, ILF3 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was also applied to downregulate the expression of ILF3. In this study, autophagy was markedly inhibited by low concentration of adenosine, which present by not only inhibited transformation from LC3-I to LC3-II and autophagosomes formation, but also the elevation of mTOR and reduction of beclin-1 proteins. Furthermore, low concentration of adenosine also exerted marked cytotoxicity representing induced cell apoptosis together with reductions of cell viability and migration, which were also markedly enhanced by OE MEG3. Novelly and excitingly, adenosine markedly stimulated MEG3 expression, OE MEG3 markedly decreased the ILF3 expression in HepG2 cells, and the adenosine-induced autophagy inhibition, together with the ratio of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-AKT/AKT, and p-mTOR/mTOR were also boosted by OE MEG3. More interestingly, OE ILF3 increased autophagy, whereas downregulated ILF3, especially in the case of adenosine, led to marked autophagy inhibition by decreasing beclin-1. The present study demonstrates autophagy inhibition is involved in the adenosine-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells, the cytotoxicity can be synergized by OE MEG3 via downregulated ILF3 to activate PI3K/Akt/mTOR and inactivate the beclin-1 signaling pathway. In conclusion, MEG3 and inhibition of autophagy might be potential targets for augmenting adenosine-induced cytotoxicity in hepatoma.


Assuntos
Adenosina/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/genética , Fosfotransferases/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
6.
Anal Chem ; 91(5): 3367-3373, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30740973

RESUMO

Aptamers for Ebola virus (EBOV) offer a powerful means for prevention and diagnostics. Unfortunately, few aptamers for EBOV have been discovered yet. Herein, assisted by magnetism-controlled selection chips to strictly manipulate selection conditions, a highly efficient aptamer selection platform for EBOV is proposed. With highly stringent selection conditions of rigorous washing, manipulation of minuscule amounts of magnetic beads, and real-time evaluation of the selection effectiveness, the selection performance of the platform was improved significantly. In only three rounds of selection, the high-performance aptamers for EBOV GP and NP proteins were obtained simultaneously, with dissociation constants ( Kd) in the nanomolar range. The aptamer was further applied to the detection of EBOV successfully, with a detection limit of 4.2 ng/mL. The whole detection process that consisted of sample mixing, separation, and signal acquisition was highly integrated and conducted in a magnetism-controlled detection chip, showing high biosafety and great potential for point-of-care detection. The method may open up new avenues for prevention and control of EBOV.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Ebolavirus/isolamento & purificação , Magnetismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Ebolavirus/metabolismo , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/diagnóstico , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Técnica de Seleção de Aptâmeros , Proteínas Virais/análise
7.
BMC Genomics ; 18(1): 870, 2017 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29132316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auxin is essential for plant growth and development. Although substantial progress has been made in understanding auxin pathways in model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice, little is known in moso bamboo which is famous for its fast growth resulting from the rapid cell elongation and division. RESULTS: Here we showed that exogenous auxin has strong effects on crown and primary roots. Genes involved in auxin action, including 13 YUCCA (YUC) genes involved in auxin synthesis, 14 PIN-FORMED/PIN-like (PIN/PILS) and 7 AUXIN1/LIKE-AUX1 (AUX1/LAX) members involved in auxin transport, 10 auxin receptors (AFB) involved in auxin perception, 43 auxin/indole-3-aceticacid (AUX/IAA) genes, and 41 auxin response factors (ARF) involved in auxin signaling were identified through genome-wide analysis. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes from Arabidopsis, Oryza sativa and bamboo revealed that auxin biosynthesis, transport, and signaling pathways are conserved in these species. A comprehensive study of auxin-responsive genes using RNA sequencing technology was performed, and the results also supported that moso bamboo shared a conserved regulatory mechanism for the expression of auxin pathway genes; meanwhile it harbors its own specific properties. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we generated an overview of the auxin pathway in bamboo, which provides information for uncovering the precise roles of auxin pathway in this important species in the future.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Poaceae/genética , Poaceae/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacologia , Filogenia , Poaceae/citologia , Poaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 1298, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28798758

RESUMO

Genetic engineering technology has been successfully used in many plant species, but is limited in woody plants, especially in bamboos. Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro) is one of the most important bamboo species in Asia, and its genetic improvement was largely restricted by the lack of an efficient regeneration and transformation method. Here we reported a plantlet regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol by using Ma bamboo young shoots as explants. Under our optimized conditions, embryogenic calluses were successfully induced from the excised young shoots on callus induction medium and rapidly grew on callus multiplication medium. Shoots and roots were regenerated on shoot induction medium and root induction medium, respectively, with high efficiency. An Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation protocol of Ma bamboo was established, verified by PCR and GUS staining. Furthermore, the maize Lc gene under the control of the ubiquitin promoter was successfully introduced into Ma bamboo genome and generated an anthocyanin over-accumulation phenotype. Our methods established here will facilitate the basic research as well as genetic breeding of this important bamboo species. Key achievements: A stable and high efficiency regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol for Ma bamboo from vegetative organ is established.

9.
Oncol Rep ; 36(3): 1649-57, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27432655

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes. Although downregulation of lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been identified in several types of cancers, little is known concerning its biological role and regulatory mechanism in hepatoma. Our previous studies demonstrated that MEG3 induces apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner. The aim of the present study was to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in MEG3­induced apoptosis. Recombinant lentiviral vectors containing MEG3 (Lv­MEG3) were constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells. A 3­(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, RT­PCR, flow cytometry, western blot analysis, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry were applied. Transfected HepG2 cells were also transplanted into nude mice, and the tumor growth curves were determined. The results showed that the recombinant lentivirus of MEG3 was transfected successfully into the HepG2 cells and the expression level of MEG3 was significantly increased. Ectopic expression of MEG3 inhibited HepG2 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and also induced apoptosis. Ectopic expression of MEG3 increased ER stress­related proteins 78­kDa glucose­regulated protein (GRP78), inositol­requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), RNA­dependent protein kinase­like ER kinase (PERK), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), caspase­3, as well as p53 and NF­κB expression accompanied by NF­κB translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Furthermore, inhibition of NF­κB with Bay11­7082 decreased p53 expression in the MEG3­transfected cells. These results indicate that MEG3 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, partially via the activation of the ER stress and p53 pathway, in which NF­κB signaling is required for p53 activation in ER stress.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/fisiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Western Blotting , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Hep G2 , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
10.
Int J Oncol ; 48(1): 421-9, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26647875

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA MEG3 is suggested to function as a tumor suppressor. However, the activation mechanism of MEG3 is still not well understood and data are not available on its role under adenosine-induced apoptosis. In this study, HepG2 cells were treated with adenosine or 5-Aza­cdR. Methylation status of MEG3 promoter was detected by methylation specific PCR (MSP) and MEG3 expression was determined by qRT-PCR. PcDNA3.1-MEG3 recombinant plasmid was constructed and transfected to hepatoma HepG2 and Huh7 cells. Cell growth, morphological changes, cell-cycle distribution and apoptosis were analyzed by MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. MEG3 binding proteins were screened by the improved MS2 biotin tagged RNA affinity purification method. The co-expression network of MEG3 was generated by GO analysis and ILF3 was identified as MEG3 binding protein by RNA pulldown and western blot analysis. Both adenosine and 5-Aza-CdR increased MEG3 mRNA expression and the CpG island of MEG3 gene in HepG2 cells was typical hypermethylation. Ectopic expression of MEG3 inhibited hepatoma cell growth in a time-dependent manner, resulted in cell cycle arrest and induced apoptosis. Ectopic expression of MEG3 increased p53, caspase-3 mRNA and protein levels, decreased MDM2 and cyclin D1 mRNA and protein levels, as well as ILF3 protein expression in HepG2 cells. These findings are the first to identify that adenosine increases MEG3 expression by inhibition of DNA methylation and its antitumor effects is involved in MEG3 activation. ILF3 may participate in the anticancer regulation of MEG3 by interacting with MEG3.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Azacitidina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 15(1): 525-44, 2014 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24394318

RESUMO

Our previous studies show that adenosine-induced apoptosis is involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress in HepG2 cells. In this study, we have investigated whether knockdown of GRP78 by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) increases the cytotoxic effects of adenosine in HepG2 cells. The adenovirus vector-delivered shRNA targeting GRP78 (Ad-shGRP78) was constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells. RT-PCR assay was used to determine RNA interference efficiency. Effects of knockdown of GRP78 on adenosine-induced cell viabilities, cell-cycle distribution and apoptosis, as well as relative protein expressions were determined by flow cytometry and/or Western blot analysis. The intracellular Ca2+ concentration was detected by laser scanning confocal microscope. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was measured by a fluorospectrophotometer. The results revealed that GRP78 mRNA was significantly downregulated by Ad-shGRP78 transfection. Knockdown of GRP78 enhanced HepG2 cell sensitivity to adenosine by modulating G0/G1 arrest and stimulating Bax, Bak, m-calpain, caspase-4 and CHOP protein levels. Knockdown of GRP78 worsened cytosolic Ca2+ overload and ΔΨm loss. Knockdown of caspase-4 by shRNA decreased caspase-3 mRNA expression and cell apoptosis. These findings indicate that GRP 78 plays a protective role in ER stress-induced apoptosis and show that the combination of chemotherapy drug and RNA interference adenoviruses provides a new treatment strategy against malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Adenosina/toxicidade , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Adenoviridae/genética , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Caspases Iniciadoras/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...