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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 815: 152926, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although the potential serious threat of anthropogenic heat on human health was receiving considerable attention worldwide, its long-term health effect on blood pressure (BP) remained unknown. We aimed to evaluate the associations of long-term anthropogenic heat exposure with different components of BP and hypertension. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study (Liaoning province, China) conducted in 2009, we included a total of 24,845 Chinese adults (18-74 years). We estimated the anthropogenic heat exposure in 2008 using multisource remote sensing images and ancillary data. We measured systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP), and defined hypertension. We used generalized linear mixed model to examine the associations. RESULTS: In the adjusted model, the estimates indicated that the difference in SBP, MAP and PP for those in highest quartiles of total anthropogenic heat exposure was greater compared with the lowest quartile (highest quartile: ß = 1.11 [95% CI: 0.28-1.94], 0.60 [95% CI: 0.04-1.17], 0.76 [95% CI: 0.17-1.35]). Compared with the lowest quartile, the odds of hypertension were higher among those in higher quartiles (second quartile: OR = 1.17 [95% CI: 1.05-1.30]; third quartile:1.10 [95% CI: 1.1.01-1.21]; highest quartile: 1.17 [95% CI: 1.06-1.28]). These associations were stronger in female participants. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that long-term exposure to anthropogenic heat was associated with elevated BP and higher odds of hypertension. These findings suggest that mitigation strategies to reduce anthropogenic heat should be considered.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Hipertensão , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126749, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390953

RESUMO

Although (-)-α-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) and (+)-γ-HBCDD are preferentially enriched in chickens, the key factors contributing to their selective bioaccumulation in hens and their potential biotransformation in developing chicken embryos remain unclear. Herein, in vivo and in ovo exposure experiments using hens and fertilized eggs were conducted to investigate the absorption, excretion, and biotransformation of HBCDDs in chickens. γ-HBCDD (76%) exhibited a higher absorption efficiency than α- (22%) and ß- (69%) HBCDDs. However, α-HBCDD was dominant in hen tissues, although γ-HBCDD accounted for >75% in the spiked feed. Moreover, chicken embryos biotransformed approximately 9.5% and 11.7% of absorbed α- and γ-HBCDDs, respectively, implying that diastereomer-selective elimination causes the predominance of α-HBCDD in hens. The concentration and enantiomer fraction (EF) of α-HBCDD in laid eggs were significantly positively correlated, suggesting enantioselective elimination. The EFs of α- and γ-HBCDDs varied between feces from the exposure and depuration periods, indicating the preferred excretion of (+)-α- and (-)-γ-HBCDDs. Furthermore, the enantioselective biotransformation of (-)-γ-HBCDD was confirmed in developing chicken embryos. These results show that excretion and biotransformation contribute to the diastereomer- and enantiomer-selective bioaccumulation of HBCDDs in chickens; The results may improve our understanding of the environmental fate and ecological risks of HBCDDs in biota.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Animais , Bioacumulação , Biotransformação , Embrião de Galinha , Feminino , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Chemosphere ; 198: 266-273, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421738

RESUMO

Previous studies have confirmed that house dust is one of the main sources of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure, and also indicated that PBDEs might affect human semen quality. The aim of this study was to explore the association between PBDEs concentration in house dust and the semen quality of male resident. Results showed that the semen qualities of the residents living around the e-waste dismantling workshops for a long time (3-17years) at the e-waste areas in South China significantly decreased, and the DNA damage of sperms were aggravated. The adjusted correlation analysed by multiple linear regression model showed that the sperm concentration and count both had negative correlation with BDE47 level in semen (ß = -0.295, 95%CI: -0.553∼-0.036; ß = -0.400, 95%CI: -0.708∼-0.092, respectively). In addition, the sperm progressive motility [(A+B)%] and sperm viability both had negative correlation with BDE100 level in dust (ß = -0.360, 95%CI: -0.680∼-0.040; ß = -0.114, 95% CI: -0.203∼-0.025, respectively). And there were significant linear positive correlation between PBDE congener (e.g. BDE28, 47, 153) concentrations in dust and in paired semen samples (rs = 0.367-0.547, p < 0.05). This study suggested that exposure to PBDEs from house dust might have adverse effects on human semen quality. But the results need to be confirmed in further studies with a large-scale sampling, and find out more direct and convincing evidence.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Poeira/análise , Resíduo Eletrônico/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , China , Dano ao DNA , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides/química , Inquéritos e Questionários
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