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1.
J Affect Disord ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the extent to which the network structure of anxiety and depression among adolescents identified during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic could be cross-validated in a sample of adolescents assessed after the COVID-19 peak. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted between February 20 and 27, 2020 and between April 11 and 19, 2020, respectively. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed using 20-item the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression and 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder, respectively. Anxiety-depression networks of the first and second assessments were estimated separately using a sparse Graphical Gaussian Model combined with the graphical least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method. A Network Comparison Test was conducted to assess differences between the two networks. RESULTS: The most central symptoms in the first and second survey networks were Depressed affect and Nervousness. Compared with connections in the first survey network, connections in the second survey network analysis between Relax- Nervousness-Depressive affect-Interpersonal problems (diff, contrast: second survey-first survey. diff=-0.04, P=0.04; diff=-0.03, P=0.03; diff=-0.03, P=0.04), and Irritability-Somatic complaints (diff=-0.04, P=0.02) were weaker while connections of Somatic complaints-Nervousness (diff=0.05, P<0.001), Somatic complaints-Depressive affect (diff=0.03, P=0.009), and Irritability-Control worry-Restlessness (diff=0.02, P=0.03; diff=0.05, P=0.02) were stronger. CONCLUSIONS: Depressed affect emerged as a robust central symptom and bridge symptom across Anxiety-Depression networks. Considering the negative impact of depression and anxiety on daily life, timely interventions targeting depressed affect should be implemented to reduce the co-occurrence of anxious and depressed symptoms among adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.

2.
Theranostics ; 12(1): 260-276, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987644

RESUMO

Purpose: To establish a clinically applicable genomic clustering system, we investigated the interactive landscape of driver mutations in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Methods: The genomic data of 1481 ICCs from diverse populations was analyzed to investigate the pair-wise co-occurrences or mutual exclusivities among recurrent driver mutations. Clinicopathological features and outcomes were compared among different clusters. Gene expression and DNA methylation profiling datasets were analyzed to investigate the molecular distinctions among mutational clusters. ICC cell lines with different gene mutation backgrounds were used to evaluate the cluster specific biological behaviors and drug sensitivities. Results: Statistically significant mutation-pairs were identified across 21 combinations of genes. Seven most recurrent driver mutations (TP53, KRAS, SMAD4, IDH1/2, FGFR2-fus and BAP1) showed pair-wise co-occurrences or mutual exclusivities and could aggregate into three genetic clusters: Cluster1: represented by tripartite interaction of KRAS, TP53 and SMAD4 mutations, exhibited large bile duct histological phenotype with high CA19-9 level and dismal prognosis; Cluster2: co-association of IDH/BAP1 or FGFR2-fus/BAP1 mutation, was characterized by small bile duct phenotype, low CA19-9 level and optimal prognosis; Cluster3: mutation-free ICC cases with intermediate clinicopathological features. These clusters showed distinct molecular traits, biological behaviors and responses to therapeutic drugs. Finally, we identified S100P and KRT17 as "cluster-specific", "lineage-dictating" and "prognosis-related" biomarkers, which in combination with CA19-9 could well stratify Cluster3 ICCs into two biologically and clinically distinct subtypes. Conclusions: This clinically applicable clustering system can be instructive to ICC prognostic stratification, molecular classification, and therapeutic optimization.

3.
Cancer Res ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031573

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy in women worldwide. However, the mechanisms underlying BC energy metabolism and progression remain obscure. Cancer cells rapidly adapt to microenvironments with fluctuating nutrient levels. Here, we characterized a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), HOXC-AS3, which is activated upon glucose deprivation to trigger a nutrient-stress response and a switch in glucose metabolism. Upregulation of HOXC-AS3 in BC was identified by in published microarray and RNA-seq datasets, then confirmed by RT-qPCR in fresh BC tissues. Glucose deprivation induced HOXC-AS3 overexpression in a dose- and time-dependent manner in BC cells. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments in vitro and in vivo showed that HOXC-AS3 triggers energy metabolism reprogramming. ChIRP-mass spectrometry and UMI RIP-seq identified binding motifs of HOXC-AS3 with SIRT6. HOXC-AS3 selectively antagonized SIRT6-mediated H3K9ac deacetylation of glycolysis-related genes. Moreover, HOXC-AS3 binding to SIRT6 prevented contact inhibition of HIF1α, leading to reprogramming of metabolic pathways. Additionally, HOXC-AS3, SP1, and miR-1224-5p formed a positive feedback loop to maintain cancer-promoting signals. Furthermore, administration of anti-HOXC-AS3-motif-RNAs effectively blocked the function of HOXC-AS3, ultimately suppressing BC progression. These results reveal a critical role for HOXC-AS3 in regulating the metabolic reprogramming of BC cells under metabolic stress. Use of an anti-HOXC-AS3-motif RNA mixture may be a promising strategy to suppress BC progression.

4.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017718

RESUMO

Adoptive transfer of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) from original transplant donors or third-party donors was effective for the treatment of CMV infection after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), but the antiviral activity of CMV-CTL types has not been compared. To determine whether third-party CMV-CTLs provide comparable long-term antiviral efficacy to transplant donor CMV-CTLs, we first compared the antiviral abilities of transplant donors and third-party CMV-CTLs for treatment of CMV infection in two mouse models, compared the in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity, and analyzed the underlying mechanisms driving sustained antiviral immunity. The results showed that both donor and third-party CMV-CTLs effectively combated systemic CMV infection by reducing CMV pathology and tumor burden 28 days postinfusion. The in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity after CMV-CTL infusion was comparable in both groups. A detailed analysis of the source of recovered CMV-CTLs showed the proliferation and expansion of graft-derived endogenous CMV-CTLs in both groups. Our clinical study, which enrolled 31 patients who received third-party CMV-CTLs and 62 matched pairs of individuals who received transplant donor CMV-CTLs for refractory CMV infection, further showed that adoptive therapy with donor or third-party CMV-CTLs had comparable clinical responses without significant therapy-related toxicity. We observed strong expansion of CD8+ tetramer+ T cells and proliferation of recipient endogenous CMV-CTLs after CMV-CTL infusion, which were associated with a reduced or cleared viral load. Our data confirmed that adoptive therapy with third-party or transplant donor CMV-CTLs triggered comparable antiviral responses to CMV infection that might be mediated by restoration of endogenous CMV-specific immunity.

5.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037482

RESUMO

Magnolia grandiflora is a widely cultivated ornamental tree in China. In June 2020, a leaf blight disease was observed on M. grandiflora in Guizhou University (26° 44' 57'' N, 106° 65' 94'' E) in Guiyang, China. The initial symptoms on leaves were expanding round necrotic lesions with a grey center and dark brown edge, and twigs were withered when the disease was serious. Of the 100 plants surveyed 65% had symptoms. To isolate the potential causal pathogen, diseased leaves were collected from an M. grandiflora tree at Guizhou University. Isolations from made form the junction between healthy and symptomatic tissue and disinfested by immersing in 75% ethanol for 30 seconds, 3% NaOCl for 2 minutes, and then washed 3 times in sterile distilled water. Symptomatic tissue was then plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 25ºC with 12-hour light for 3-5 days. Three isolates (GUCC 21235.1, GUCC 21235.2 and GUCC 21235.3) were obtained. Colonies on PDA after 7 d were dark brown, pycnidia embedded in the mydelium were dark brown to black, single and separated. Conidiophores were transparent measuring 7-12.5 × 2.5-4.5 µm (mean = 9.5 × 3.6 µm, n = 30) in length. Conidia were transparent becoming brown when mature with a diaphragm, with round ends measuring, 21-27 × 10-15 µm (mean = 23.6 × 12.6 µm, n = 30). To confirm the pathogen by molecular characterization, four genes or DNA fragments, ITS, LSU, tef1 and ß-tubulin, were amplified using the following primer pairs: ITS4-F/ ITS5-R (White et al., 1990), LR0R/ LR5 (Rehner & Samuels, 1994), EF1-688F/ EF1-986R (Carbone & Kohn, 1999) and Bt2a/ Bt2b (O'Donnell & Cigelnik, 1997). The sequences of four PCR fragments of GUCC 21235.1 were deposited in GenBank, and the accession numbers were MZ519778 (ITS), MZ520367 (LSU), MZ508428 (tef1) and MZ542354 (ß-tubulin). Bayesian inference was performed based on a concatenated dataset of ITS, LSU, tef1 and ß-tubulin gene using MrBayes 3.2.10, and the isolates GUCC 21235.1 formed a single clade with the reference isolates of Diplodia mutila (Diplodia mutila strain CBS 112553). BLASTn analysis indicated that the sequences of ITS, LSU, tef1 and ß-tubulin revealed 100% (546/546 nucleotides), 99.82% (568/569 nucleotides), 100% (302/302 nucleotides), and 100% (437/437 nucleotides) similarity with that of D. mutila in GenBank (AY259093, AY928049, AY573219 and DQ458850), respectively. For confirmation of the pathogenicity of this fungus, a conidial suspension (1×105 conidia mL-1) was prepared from GUCC 21235.1, and healthy leaves of M. grandiflora trees were surface-disinfested by 75% ethanol, rinsed with sterilized distilled water and dried by absorbent paper. Small pieces of filter paper (5 mm ×5 mm), dipped with 20 µL conidial suspension (1×105 conidia mL-1) or sterilized distilled water (as control), were placed on the bottom-left of the leaves for inoculation. Then the leaves were sprayed with sterile distilled water, wrapped with a plastic film and tin foil successively to maintain high humidity in the dark dark. After 36 h, the plastic film and tin foil on the leaves was removed, and the leaves were sprayed with distilled water three times each day at natural condition (average temperature was about 25 °C, 14 h light/10 h dark). After 10 days of inoculation, the same leaf blight began to appear on the leaves inoculated with conidial suspension. No lesion was appeared on the control leaves. The fungus was re-isolated from the symptomatic tissue. Based on the morphological information and molecular characterization, the isolate GUCC 21235.1 is D. mutila. Previous reports indicated that D. mutila infects a broad host range and gives rise to a canker disease of olive, apple and jujube (Úrbez-Torres et al., 2013; Úrbez-Torres et al., 2016; Feng et al., 2019). This is the first report of leaf blight on M. grandiflora caused by D. mutila in China.

6.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(1): 7-14, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048593

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, a common malignant tumor with a high incidence in China, is showing a trend of rising incidence and is afflicting increasingly younger patients. Meanwhile, there have been constant development and innovations in new therapeutic technologies, among which, immunotherapy is now leading in a new era in the treatment of GI cancer. However, the complexity and diversity of immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) bring many obstacles to the immunotherapy of solid tumors in the GI tract. In this paper, focusing on solid tumors in the GI tract, we reviewed the main factors affecting the formation of immunosuppressive TME, and summarized strategies for targeted immunosuppressive TME-based therapies. Moreover, we analyzed the synergistic mechanism of various combination immunotherapies and reported on the latest progress in and future direction of immunotherapy for GI cancer, intending to provide new perspectives for treating solid tumors in the GI tract with immumotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Neoplasias , China , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
World Psychiatry ; 21(1): 157-158, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015373
8.
J Control Release ; 342: 241-279, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016918

RESUMO

RNA-based therapy is a promising and potential strategy for disease treatment by introducing exogenous nucleic acids such as messenger RNA (mRNA), small interfering RNA (siRNA), microRNA (miRNA) or antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) to modulate gene expression in specific cells. It is exciting that mRNA encoding the spike protein of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) delivered by lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) exhibits the efficient protection of lungs infection against the virus. In this review, we introduce the biological barriers to RNA delivery in vivo and discuss recent advances in non-viral delivery systems, such as lipid-based nanoparticles, polymeric nanoparticles, N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc)-siRNA conjugate, and biomimetic nanovectors, which can protect RNAs against degradation by ribonucleases, accumulate in specific tissue, facilitate cell internalization, and allow for the controlled release of the encapsulated therapeutics.

9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 353: 109799, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Valsartan is widely used for the treatment of moderate hypertension. However, previous studies have found that efficacy of the valsartan depends on the dose and intake. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 metabolizes ∼15% of the clinical drugs. Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 markedly affect the safety and effectiveness of many drugs, which might lead to adverse reactions and therapeutic failure. Twenty-four novel CYP2C9 variants (*36-*60) had been previously discovered via gene sequencing in the Han population. Our study aims to evaluate the impact of 38 CYP2C9 variants from the Chinese population on valsartan metabolism compared with CYP2C9*1 in vitro. METHODS: Wild-type CYP2C9*1 and other CYP2C9 variants were expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda 21 insect cells. Incubations were performed at 37 °C with 20-2000 µM substrate for 30 min. The metabolite 4-OH valsartan was determined via UPLC-MS/MS. RESULTS: Among the 38 CYP2C9 variants, the enzymatic activities of most variants were significantly altered compared with the wild-type. Three variants (CYP2C9*27, *40 and *49) exhibited increased intrinsic clearance values (134-153% relative clearance). However, 12 variants (CYP *8, *13, *16, *19, *33, *36, *42, *43, *45, *52, *54, *58) caused >90% decreases in the relative clearance of valsartan compared to CYP2C9*1. CONCLUSIONS: Our research provides systematic data for evaluating the effects of CYP2C9 variants on valsartan metabolism in the Chinese population. These results will expand our understanding of the impact of CYP2C9 genetic polymorphisms on valsartan metabolism and will contribute to precision medicine.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(1): 57, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027547

RESUMO

Tumor metastasis is a hallmark of cancer. The communication between cancer-derived exosomes and stroma plays an irreplaceable role in facilitating pre-metastatic niche formation and cancer metastasis. However, the mechanisms underlying exosome-mediated pre-metastatic niche formation during colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastasis remain incompletely understood. Here we identified HSPC111 was the leading upregulated gene in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) incubated with CRC cell-derived exosomes. In xenograft mouse model, CRC cell-derived exosomal HSPC111 facilitated pre-metastatic niche formation and CRC liver metastases (CRLM). Consistently, CRC patients with liver metastasis had higher level of HSPC111 in serum exosomes, primary tumors and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in liver metastasis than those without. Mechanistically, HSPC111 altered lipid metabolism of CAFs by phosphorylating ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY), which upregulated the level of acetyl-CoA. The accumulation of acetyl-CoA further promoted CXCL5 expression and secretion by increasing H3K27 acetylation in CAFs. Moreover, CXCL5-CXCR2 axis reinforced exosomal HSPC111 excretion from CRC cells and promoted liver metastasis. These results uncovered that CRC cell-derived exosomal HSPC111 promotes pre-metastatic niche formation and CRLM via reprogramming lipid metabolism in CAFs, and implicate HSPC111 may be a potential therapeutic target for preventing CRLM.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 481-489, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989533

RESUMO

In recent years, dust pollution has occurred frequently in spring and haze or fog in autumn and winter. The inhalable particulate matters in the atmosphere, especially PM2.5, loaded in heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, and arsenic, are easily taken up by leafy vegetables and accumulate in the edible parts. It is not clear whether the accumulation of heavy metals in the edible parts of leafy vegetables in greenhouses is also affected by atmospheric deposition. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted to explore characteristics and health risk assessment of cadmium, lead, and arsenic accumulation in leafy vegetables planted in a greenhouse using six types of common leafy vegetables (spinach, leaf lettuce, lettuce, pakchoi, Chrysanthemum coronarium, and fennel) in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. The results showed that C. coronarium, pakchoi, and spinach are the leafy vegetables with a low accumulation of Cd, Pb, and As, respectively. Fennel is the leafy vegetable with a low accumulation of Cd and Pb. In the greenhouse, Pb concentrations in PM2.5 were 42.6 and 8.4 times of Cd and As, respectively. Moreover, PM2.5-Pb contributed on average 36.5% to the edible parts of six kinds of leafy vegetables, which indicated that the Cd, Pb, and As accumulated in leafy vegetables were mainly derived from the soil. Meanwhile, the concentrations of Cd, Pb, and As in the edible parts of vegetables did not exceed the safety limitations of three heavy metals (GB 2762-2017), and Pb accumulation in leafy vegetables does not pose a health risk to humans. However, Cd in the leafy vegetables could threaten the health of adults and children, except for the intake of fennel. Conversely, As in the C. coronarium could threaten the health of adults and children.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Adulto , Cádmio/análise , Criança , Humanos , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Verduras
12.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35050626

RESUMO

Revealing the ultrafast dynamics of three-dimensional (3D) Dirac fermions is critical for both fundamental science and device applications. So far, how the cooling of 3D Dirac fermions differs from that of two-dimensional (2D) and whether there is population inversion are fundamental questions to be answered. Here we reveal the ultrafast dynamics of Dirac fermions in a model 3D Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 by time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with a tunable probe photon energy. The energy- and momentum-resolved relaxation rate shows a linear dependence on the energy, suggesting Dirac fermion cooling through intraband relaxation. Moreover, a population inversion is reported based on the observation of accumulated photoexcited carriers in the conduction band with a lifetime of 3.0 ps. Our work provides direct experimental evidence for a long-lived population inversion in a 3D Dirac semimetal, which is in contrast to 2D graphene with a much shorter lifetime.

13.
J Pers Med ; 12(1)2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055348

RESUMO

The symptom heterogeneity of schizophrenia is consistent with Wittgenstein's analogy of a language game. From the perspective of precision medicine, this study aimed to estimate the symptom presentation and identify the psychonectome in Asian patients, using data obtained from the Research on Asian Psychotropic Prescription Patterns for Antipsychotics. We constructed a network structure of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) items in 1438 Asian patients with schizophrenia. Furthermore, all the BPRS items were considered to be an ordered categorical variable ranging in value from 1-7. Motor retardation was situated most centrally within the BPRS network structure, followed by depressive mood and unusual thought content. Contrastingly, hallucinatory behavior was situated least centrally within the network structure. Using a community detection algorithm, the BPRS items were organized into positive, negative, and general symptom clusters. Overall, DSM symptoms were not more central than non-DSM symptoms within the symptom network of Asian patients with schizophrenia. Thus, motor retardation, which results from the unmet needs associated with current antipsychotic medications for schizophrenia, may be a tailored treatment target for Asian patients with schizophrenia. Based on these findings, targeting non-dopamine systems (glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid) may represent an effective strategy with respect to precision medicine for psychosis.

14.
Eur Spine J ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978601

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different degeneration patterns of paraspinal muscles in degenerative lumbar diseases and their correlation with lumbar spine degeneration severity. The degeneration characteristics of different paraspinal muscles in degenerative lumbar diseases remain unclear. METHODS: 78 patients diagnosed with single-level degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) and 76 patients with degenerative lumbar kyphosis (DLK) were included as DLS and DLK groups. Paraspinal muscle parameters of psoas major (PS), erector spinae (ES) and multifidus muscle (MF) were measured, including fatty infiltration (FI) and relative cross-sectional area (rCSA), namely the ratio of the paraspinal muscle CSA to the CSA of the vertebrae of the same segment. Sagittal parameters including lumbar lordosis (LL) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) were measured. The paraspinal muscle parameters and ES/MF rCSA ratio were compared between the two groups. Paraspinal muscles parameters including rCSA and FI were also compared between each segments from L1 to L5 in both DLS and DLK groups. In order to determine the influence of sagittal spinal alignment on paraspinal muscle parameters, correlation analysis was conducted between the MF, ES, PS rCSA and FI and the LL in DLS and DLK group. RESULT: MF atrophy is more significant in DLS patients compared with DLK. Also, MF fatty infiltration in the lower lumbar spine of DLS patients was greater compared to DLK patients. DLK patients showed more significant atrophy of ES and heavier ES fatty infiltration. MF FI was significantly different between all adjacent segments in both DLS and DLK groups. In DLS group, ES FI was significantly different between L2/L3 to L3/L4 and L4/L5 to L5/S1, while in DLK group, the difference of ES FI between all adjacent segments was not significant, and ES FI was found negatively correlated with LL. CONCLUSIONS: Paraspinal muscles show different degeneration patterns in degenerative lumbar diseases. MF degeneration is segmental in both DLS and DLK patients, while ES degenerated diffusely in DLK patients and correlated with the severity of kyphosis. MF degeneration is more significant in the DLS group, while ES degeneration is more significant in DLK patients. MF is the stabilizer of the lumbar spine segments, while the ES tends to maintain the spinal sagittal balance.

16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 229: 114048, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954589

RESUMO

Jiyuan Oridonin A (JOA) is a naturally occurring ent-kaurane diterpenoid that exhibits significant potential in the field of anti-tumor drug development. However, its detailed anti-cancer mechanism of action has not been fully understood. In order to investigate its anticancer mode of action, two series of novel fluorescent derivatives of JOA conjugated with naphthalimide dyes were synthesized, and their antitumor activity against five selected cancer cell lines (MGC-803, SW1990, PC-3, TE-1 and HGC-27) was evaluated. Compared with JOA, the anti-tumor activity of the vast majority of compounds were improved. Among them, B12 exhibited promising anti-proliferative activity against HGC-27 cells with IC50 value of 0.39 ± 0.09 µM. Fluorescence imaging studies demonstrated that probe B12 could enter HGC-27 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner and was mainly accumulated in mitochondria. Preliminary biological mechanism studies indicated that B12 was able to inhibit cell cloning and migration. Further studies suggested that B12-induced apoptosis was related to the mitochondrial pathway. Overall, our results provide new approaches to explore the molecular mechanism of the natural product JOA, which would contribute to its further development as an antitumor agent.

17.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131865, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399262

RESUMO

The complexity of natural water made it difficult to remove fluoride. Based on the environmental problems found in the investigation, the fluoride removal research in the water containing algal cells was carried out. In this study, AlCl3 and [AlO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12]7+ (Al13) were used to remove fluoride. Additionally, the role of aluminum speciation in fluoride removal and the effect of Microcystis aeruginosa on the fluoride removal by different aluminum species coagulants were elucidated. The results showed that AlCl3 mainly removed fluoride by physical interactions, surface adsorption and enmeshment. When algal cells were added to the system, the fluoride removal rate increased from 22.75 % to 72.99 % at a dosage of 40.0 mg/L. This was because algal cells greatly increased the distribution of Al(OH)3 in the flocs. In particular, the specific surface area of the flocs containing algal cells reached 160.77 m2/g, which allowed more fluoride to be adsorbed. However, excessive Al3+ led to serious damage to algal cells and release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), worsening the effect of defluoridation. F- and Al3+ formed AlF2+ and AlF2+ via complexation in water. These compounds were not conducive to defluoridation. Al13 removed fluorine mainly through ion exchange, substitution and hydrogen bonding. Algal cells had an inhibitory effect on defluorination, which was observed in the process of coagulation by different Al dosages. Al13 achieved agglomeration of algal cells and generated small and dense flocs through charge neutralization and electrostatic patch mechanism. Once Al13 combined with algal cells and algae organic matter (AOM), the reaction between Al13 and fluoride would be weakened. Al13 not only maintained the defluoridation performance, but also did not damage the integrity of algal cells, even at high dosages.


Assuntos
Microcystis , Purificação da Água , Alumínio , Hidróxido de Alumínio , Floculação , Polímeros
18.
Bioconjug Chem ; 33(1): 164-171, 2022 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910465

RESUMO

Tracking and mapping the nascent RNA molecules in cells is essential for deciphering embryonic development and neuronal differentiation. Here, we utilized 4-thiouridine (s4U) as a metabolic tag to label nascent RNA and developed a fluorescence imaging method based on the DNA-templated oxidative amination (DTOA) reaction of s4U. The DTOA reaction occurred between amine-modified DNA and s4U-containing RNA with high sequence specificity and chemical selectivity. Target nascent mRNAs in HeLa cells, including those encoding green fluorescent proteins (GFPs) and endogenous BAG-1, were thus lit up selectively by DTOA-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (DTOA FISH). We believe the DTOA conjugation chemistry shown in this study could be generally applied to investigate the spatial distribution of nascent transcription dynamics in cellular processes.

19.
Talanta ; 236: 122845, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635235

RESUMO

Acetone serves as a routine solvent and synthetic intermediate in chemical factories and laboratories. Monitoring the level of acetone vapor in working environment is of great necessity to employee health due to its strong volatility and toxicity, but there is still in lack of simple and easy-to-use portable sensors. In this study, we report a portable and intuitive indicator for real-time displaying acetone vapor concentration in air, based on the ratiometric fluorescence response of the designed organic molecule, PhB-SSB, to acetone. As an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorophore, PhB-SSB underwent specific reaction with acetone through the salicylaldehyde Schiff base and phenylboronate groups to realize ratiometric fluorescence change from green to red after acetone vapor treatment. The reaction mechanism was proposed as acetone-induced breakage of the imine bond in PhB-SSB. We further fabricated PhB-SSB into a film fluorescent sensor for acetone vapor with good sensitivity and selectivity. Taking advantage of its intuitive fluorescent color contrast, acetone-specific response and small size, our sensor is practical in real-time alarming the acetone vapor hazard in the workplaces.


Assuntos
Acetona , Gases , Corantes Fluorescentes , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
20.
J Affect Disord ; 296: 493-497, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aggression is common and challenging in psychiatric emergency departments (PED). However, the prevalence of aggression and its correlates in PED patients are not well documented. This study compared the prevalence of aggression between patients with acute schizophrenia and manic episodes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients at a psychiatric emergency department were assessed with measurements of aggression, psychotic and manic symptoms. RESULTS: A total of 4,172 patients were included. The prevalence of aggression was 54.8% (95%CI=53.3%-65.2%) in the whole sample, with 48.0% (95%CI=45.8%-50.1%) in patients with an acute schizophrenia episode, and 61.8% (95%CI=59.8%-63.9%) in patients with a manic episode. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that, within the acute schizophrenia episode group, male gender (OR=1.47, P<0.01), involuntary admission (OR=3.61, P<0.01) and more severe manic symptoms (OR=1.30, P<0.01) were significantly associated with aggression. Within the manic episode group, living in Beijing (OR=1.51, P<0.01), unemployment (OR=1.34, P=0.03), involuntary admission (OR=7.93, P<0.01), lower education (OR=0.95, P=0.01) and more severe psychotic symptoms (OR=1.05, P<0.01) were significantly associated with aggression. CONCLUSION: In this study, aggression appeared to be more common among patients with a manic episode than those with an acute schizophrenia episode. Considering the significant risk of aggression on psychiatric emergency care, appropriate and effective management of aggression in this population group need to be developed.

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