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1.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34984910

RESUMO

In situ imaging of biological indicators is imperative for pathological research by utilizing an activatable photoacoustic (PA) probe. However, precise imaging in actual applications is hampered by the inevitable poor accumulation and low sensitivity. Herein, an amphiphilic molecular probe (AP) was rationally constructed as proof of concept for in situ imaging of drug-induced liver injury, which consists of a hydrophilic target unit and a superoxide anion radical (O2•-)-sensitive small-molecule PA moiety. The probe AP successfully realizes the selectivity and sensitivity toward O2•- in vitro and in living cells. Notably, the amphiphilic probe AP can be selectively retained in the liver and activated toward endogenous O2•- through receptor-mediated endocytosis inside hepatocytes. By virtue of the highly efficient accumulation at the liver, AP was further applied to assess isoniazid-induced liver injury through desired ratiometric PA signals. In addition, based on the fluctuation of O2•-, the therapeutic efficacy of hepatoprotective medicines for hepatotoxicity was analyzed in vivo. Therefore, the O2•--specific probe could serve as a promising molecular tool for early diagnosis study of other liver diseases and analysis of new potential therapeutic agents.

2.
Theranostics ; 12(1): 35-47, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987632

RESUMO

The past decade has witnessed the blossom of nucleic acid therapeutics and diagnostics (theranostics). Unlike conventional small molecule medicines or protein biologics, nucleic acid theranostics have characteristic features such as the intrinsic ability as "information drugs" to code and execute genetic and theranostic information, ready programmability for nucleic acid engineering, intrinsic stimulatory or regulatory immunomodulation, versatile functionalities, and easy conformational recovery upon thermal or chemical denaturation. Single-stranded circular DNA (circDNA) are a class of single-stranded DNAs (ssDNA) featured with their covalently-closed topology. In addition to the basic advantages of nucleic acids-based materials, such as low cost, biocompatibility, and simplicity of chemical modification, the lack of terminals in circDNA prevents exonuclease degradation, resulting in enhanced biostability relative to the corresponding linear ssDNA. circDNA has been explored for versatile theranostic applications. For instance, circDNA has been extensively studied as templates for bioanalytical signal amplification and the synthesis of nano-/micro-/macro- biomaterials via rolling circle amplification (RCA) and rolling circle transcription (RCT) technologies. circDNA has also been commonly used as the scaffolds for the self-assembly of versatile DNA origami. Finally, circDNA has been implemented as theranostic aptamers, miRNA inhibitors, as well as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR-associated proteins (CRISPR-Cas) gene editing donors. In this review article, we will discuss the chemistry, characteristic properties, and the theranostic applications of circDNA (excluding double-stranded circular DNA such as plasmids); we will also envision the challenges and opportunities in this research field.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103228, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023301

RESUMO

Conventional antiplatelet agents indiscriminately inhibit both thrombosis and hemostasis, and the increased bleeding risk thus hampers their use at more aggressive dosages to achieve adequate effect. Blocking integrin αIIbß3 outside-in signaling by separating the ß3/Src interaction, yet to be proven in vivo, may nonetheless resolve this dilemma. Identification of a specific druggable target for this strategy remains a fundamental challenge as Src SH3 is known to be responsible for binding to not only integrin ß3 but also the proteins containing the PXXP motif. In vitro and in vivo mutational analyses show that the residues, especially E97, in the RT loop of Src SH3 are critical for interacting with ß3. DCDBS84, a small molecule resulting from structure-based virtual screening, is structurally validated to be directed toward the projected target. It specifically disrupts ß3/Src interaction without affecting canonical PXXP binding and thus inhibits the outside-in signaling-regulated platelet functions. Treatment of mice with DCDBS84 causes a profound inhibition of thrombosis, equivalent to that induced by extremely high doses of αIIbß3 antagonist, but does not compromise primary hemostasis. Specific targets are revealed for a preferential inhibition of thrombosis that may lead to new classes of potent antithrombotics without hemorrhagic side effects.

4.
Biosci Rep ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of DNAJC10 in cancers have been reported but its function in glioma is not clear. We reveal the prognostic role and underlying functions of DNAJC10 in glioma in this study. METHODS: Reverse Transcription and Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to quantify the relative DNAJC10 mRNA expression of clinical samples. Protein expressions of clinical samples were tested by Western blot. The overall survival (OS) of glioma patients with different DNAJC10 expression was compared by Kaplan-Meier method (two-sided log-rank test). Single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) was used to estimate the immune cell infiltrations and immune-related function levels. The independent prognostic role of DNAJC10 was determined by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. The DNAJC10-based nomogram model was established using multivariate Cox regression by R package "rms". RESULTS: Higher DNAJC10 is observed in gliomas and it's upregulated in higher grade, IDH-wild, 1p/19q non-codeletion, MGMT unmethylated gliomas. Gliomas with higher DNAJC10 expression present poorer prognosis compared with low-DNAJC10 gliomas. The predictive accuracy of 1/3/5-OS of DNAJC10 is found stable and robust using time-dependent ROC model. Enrichment analysis recognized that T-cell activation and T-cell receptor signaling were enriched in higher DNAJC10 gliomas. Immune/stromal cell infiltrations, tumor mutation burden (TMB), copy Number Alteration (CNA) burden, and immune check-point genes were also positively correlated with DNAJC10 expression in gliomas. DNAJ10-based nomogram model was established and showed strong prognosis-predictive ability. CONCLUSION: Higher DNAJC10 expression correlates with poor prognosis of glioma and it was a potential prognostic biomarker for glioma.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(1): 94, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976136

RESUMO

The placenta may play a key role in the activation of inflammation and initiation of insulin resistance (IR) during gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) pathogenesis. Interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18, regulated by NLR family pyrin domain containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, are important inflammatory cytokines in the initiation of maternal IR during GDM. However, the mechanism responsible for the regulatory of NLRP3 inflammasome in placenta remains unknown. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exerts anti-inflammatory function partially via suppressing the activation of the NLPR3 inflammasome. The present study aimed to investigate the role of NLRP3 inflammasome, H2S synthetase cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and cystathionine-ß-synthetase (CBS) in placenta in the pathogenesis of GDM. Clinical placenta samples were collected from pregnant women with GDM (n=16) and healthy pregnant women at term (n=16). Western blot analysis was performed to detect the protein expression levels of NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, CBS and CSE in the placenta samples. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to assess the correlation between NLRP3 inflammasome and H2S synthetase. Human placental cells were cultured and treated with different concentrations of NaHS (0, 10, 25 and 50 nmol/l) or L-cysteine (0, 0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 mmol/l). In addition, western blot analysis was performed to detect the protein expression levels of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1, while ELISA was performed to measure the production of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the culture media. The results demonstrated that the expression levels of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 increased, while the expression levels of CBS and CSE decreased in the placenta samples. In addition, the expression levels of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 were inversely correlated with the expression levels of CBS and CSE. Notably, NaHS and L-cysteine significantly suppressed the expression levels of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1, and the production of IL-1 and IL-18 in human placental cells. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that H2S synthetase deficiency in placenta may contribute to excessive activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in GDM.

6.
Talanta ; 237: 122939, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736670

RESUMO

Mercapto- and amino-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles, Fe3O4@SiO2@MPTMS (SMNPs-MPTMS) and Fe3O4@SiO2@APTES (SMNPs-APTES), have been applied as magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) sorbents to directly extract arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)) respectively, followed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection. Various MSPE parameters were optimized including dose of magnetic adsorbent, pH of sample solution, loading and elution conditions of analytes, adsorption capacity and reusability of SMNPs-MPTMS and SMNPs-APTES for As(III) and As(V) respectively. Under the optimized MSPE conditions, this combined scheme possesses excellent selectivity and strong anti-interference ability without any oxidation or reduction prior to capture of these two species. It is found that with a 25-fold enrichment factor, the limits of detection of As(III) and As(V) were 23.5 and 10.5 ng L-1, respectively. To verify the reliability of the proposed protocol, a certified reference material of environmental water was analyzed, and the results for inorganic arsenic species were in close agreement with the certified values. The applicability of the combination strategy for speciation analysis of inorganic arsenic was evaluated in spiked tap, river, lake and rain water samples. Good recoveries of 89%-96% and 90%-102% were achieved for As(III) and As(V), respectively, with the relative standard deviation ranges of 3.2%-8.0% and 2.5%-7.6%. Through the characterization of functionalized magnetic nanoparticles and the optimization of MSPE experiment, it is confirmed that the existence of mercapto and amino groups on SMNPs-MPTMS and SMNPs-APTES sorbents are responsible for the extraction of As(III) and As(V), respectively, via coordination and electrostatic interactions.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectrometria de Massas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dióxido de Silício , Extração em Fase Sólida
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(5): 1065-1071, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558534

RESUMO

In previous studies, researchers have used singing to treat respiratory function in patients with spinal cord injury. However, few studies have examined the way in which vocal training affects respiratory neural plasticity in patients with spinal cord injury. Vocal respiratory training (VRT) is a type of vocal muscle-related treatment that is often a component of music therapy (MT) and focuses on strengthening respiratory muscles and improving lung function. In this randomized controlled study, we analyzed the therapeutic effects of VRT on respiratory dysfunction at 3 months after cervical spinal cord injury. Of an initial group of 37 patients, 26 completed the music therapy intervention, which comprised five 30-minute sessions per week for 12 weeks. The intervention group (n = 13) received VRT training delivered by professional certified music therapists. The control group (n = 13) received respiratory physical therapy delivered by professional physical therapists. Compared with the control group, we observed a substantial increase in respiratory function in the intervention group after the 12-week intervention. Further, the nerve fiber bundles in the respiratory center in the medulla exhibited a trend towards increased diversification, with an increased number, path length, thickness, and density of nerve fiber bundles. These findings provide strong evidence for the effect of music therapeutic VRT on neural plasticity. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of China Rehabilitation Research Center (approval No. 2020-013-1) on April 1, 2020, and was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration No. ChiCTR2000037871) on September 2, 2020.

8.
Waste Manag ; 137: 39-49, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731679

RESUMO

Anisotropy of hydraulic conductivity is an important parameter controlling fluid movement in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills, while measurements of anisotropy are rare. In this study, a laboratory-scale enhanced reactor was built to create MSW samples with different degrees of degradation. Vertical and horizontal hydraulic conductivities of these samples were measured in a self-designed permeameter to study the effects of compression and degradation on anisotropy of MSW. CT scanning was performed to observe the internal pore-structure of MSW under compression. A prediction model of anisotropy under compression was established. It was found that as degradation time increased from 0 month to 18 months, the dry mass percent of 0D particles increased from 12.3% to 38.8%, while 2D particles content decreased from 78.7% to 47.2%. As vertical stress increased from 50 kPa to 400 kPa, dry unit weight (γd) increased from 3.26 kN/m3 to 5.51 kN/m3, anisotropy (A) increased from 1.26 to 5.17. It was because that the size and continuity of pores decreased and the angle of pore arrangement tended to be horizontal as the vertical stress increased. The relation between anisotropy and vertical stress could be well fitted with the prediction model. When degradation time increased from 0 month to 18 months, A decreased linearly from 5.02 to 2.75 due to the decreasing content of 2D particles. Anisotropy also decreased with the decreasing C/L. Compression has much greater influence on waste anisotropy than that of degradation. Anisotropy of MSW at different depths of landfills could be determined based on the trend lines in this study.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Resíduos Sólidos , Anisotropia , Fenômenos Físicos , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
9.
Zool Res ; 43(1): 98-110, 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904422

RESUMO

As a highly important fish virus, nervous necrosis virus (NNV) has caused severe economic losses to the aquaculture industry worldwide. Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved intracellular degradation process, is involved in the pathogenesis of several viruses. Although NNV can induce autophagy to facilitate infection in grouper fish spleen cells, how it initiates and mediates autophagy pathways during the initial stage of infection is still unclear. Here, we found that red-spotted grouper NNV (RGNNV) induced autophagosome formation in two fish cell lines at 1.5 and 3 h post infection, indicating that autophagy is activated upon entry of RGNNV. Moreover, autophagic detection showed that RGNNV entry induced incomplete autophagy by impairing the fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes. Further investigation revealed that binding of the RGNNV capsid protein (CP) to the Lateolabrax japonicus heat shock protein HSP90ab1 (LjHSP90ab1), a cell surface receptor of RGNNV, contributed to RGNNV invasion-induced autophagy. Finally, we found that CP blocked the interaction of L. japonicus protein kinase B (AKT) with LjHSP90ab1 by competitively binding the NM domain of LjHSP90ab1 to inhibit the AKT-mechanistic target of the rapamycin (MTOR) pathway. This study provides novel insight into the relationship between NNV receptors and autophagy, which may help clarify the pathogenesis of NNV.


Assuntos
Bass , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Doenças dos Peixes , Nodaviridae , Infecções por Vírus de RNA , Animais , Autofagia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Proteínas de Peixes , Necrose/veterinária , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Virulência
10.
ISA Trans ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865843

RESUMO

The mathematical modeling and the control problem of the paraglider recovery system (PRS) are investigated in this paper. A 9-degree-of-freedom dynamic model describing the paraglider recovery control system is modeled including the inside relative rotation, the apparent mass, and the payload's time-varying inertia. On the basis of the attitude tracking error system, a novel practical fixed-time attitude tracking control approach is then proposed. The attitude tracking error is governed to converge into the small regions of the origin with a fixed-time convergence rate. Moreover, this rate is independent of any initial states. Simulation results are finally presented to illustrate the PRS performance obtained from the proposed control scheme.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878771

RESUMO

Fluorescent organic dyes have been extensively used as raw materials for the development of versatile imaging tools in the field of biomedicine. Particularly, the development of solid-state organic fluorophores (SSOFs) in the past 20 years has exhibited an upward trend. In recent years, studies on SSOFs have focused on the development of advanced tools, such as optical contrast agents and phototherapy agents, for biomedical applications. However, the practical application of these tools has been hindered owing to several limitations. Thus, in this Perspective, we have provided insights that could aid researchers to further develop these tools and overcome the limitations such as limited aqueous dispersibility, low biocompatibility, and uncontrolled emission. First, we described the inherent photophysical properties and fluorescence mechanisms of conventional, aggregation-induced emissive, and precipitating SSOFs with respect to their biomedical applications. Subsequently, we highlighted the recent development of functionalized SSOFs for bioimaging, biosensing, and theranostics. Finally, we elucidated the potential prospects and limitations of current SSOF-based tools associated with biomedical applications.

12.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 741881, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34880744

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence indicates that atherosclerosis is correlated with cerebral small vessel disease and contributes to cognitive decline. This study aimed to explore the characteristics and contributions of intracranial hemodynamics and carotid atherosclerosis to cognitive dysfunction in subjects with subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD). Notably, 44 patients with SIVD, 30 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 30 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited from our longitudinal MRI study for AD and SIVD (ChiCTR1900027943). The cerebral mean flow velocity (MFV) and pulsatility index (PI) of both anterior and posterior circulations, artery plaque, and lumen diameter in carotid arteries were investigated using transcranial Doppler and carotid ultrasound, respectively. Their correlations with cognitive function were analyzed in patients with dementia. Decreased MFV and increased PI were found in patients with SIVD and AD. Patients with SIVD showed lower MFV and higher PI in the bilateral posterior cerebral arteries compared to patients with AD. Increases in lumen diameter, number of arteries with plaque, and total carotid plaque score were found in patients with SIVD. The Mini-Mental State Examination score was positively correlated with the MFV and negatively correlated with the PI of most major cerebral arteries, while it was negatively correlated with the lumen diameter of the common carotid artery, number of arteries with plaque, and total carotid plaque score in patients with dementia. There were also correlations between these parameters of some arteries and memory and executive function. Our results provide additional evidence suggesting that the pathological changes in macrovascular structure and function are correlated with cognitive impairment in dementia patients with SIVD and to a lesser extent AD.

13.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939627

RESUMO

Herein, we present the first organocatalytic oxygen/sulfur atom exchange reaction (O/S ER) of isatins by employing carbonyl sulfide (COS) as a novel sulfuring reagent under mild reaction conditions. 8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) exhibited excellent activity in this approach. Remarkably, the chemical transformations of in situ generated 3-thioisatins can be tuned via the judicious choice of reaction solvents in a one pot process, enabling the selective formation of either functionalized isoindigos in CH3CN via a self-condensation process or spirothiopyrans in DMSO in the presence of conjugated dienes via the thio-Diels-Alder reaction. Mechanistic studies with experimental and density functional theory approaches revealed that the O/S ER between isatins and COS results in the formation of 3-thioisatins as the key intermediates, which further undergo solvent-controlled transformations to generate isoindigos or spirothiopyrans, respectively. The easily-accessible substrates and operational simplicity make the process suitable for further exploration. The practicality of this transformation was demonstrated by the gram-scale synthesis of isoindigo-based drug molecules and donor-acceptor conjugated polymers.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34964224

RESUMO

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a unique class of commercially manufactured biodegradable polyesters with properties suitable for partially substituting petroleum-based plastics. However, high costs and low volumes of production have restricted their application as commodity materials. In this study, tri-metallic complexes were developed for carbonylative polymerization of epoxides via a dual catalysis strategy, affording 17 products of novel PHAs with up to 38.2 kg/mol M n values. The polymerization proceeds in a sequential fashion, which entails the carbonylative ring expansion of epoxide to ß -lactone and its subsequent ring-opening polymerization that occurs selectively at the O- alkyl bond via carboxylate species. The wide availability and structural diversity of epoxide monomers provide PHAs with various structures, excellent functionalities, and tunable properties. This study represents a rare example of the preparation of PHAs using epoxides and carbon monoxide as raw materials.

15.
Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne ; 16(4): 633-640, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34950256

RESUMO

Introduction: Malignant esophageal obstruction is usually caused by esophageal and other chest cancers. More than 80% of cases of obstructive esophageal cancer (OEC) have lost the chance of curative resection. Stent insertion is a first-line palliative approach used to treat incurable OEC. Aim: To gauge the relative clinical efficacy of I-125 seed-loaded stent (ISS) versus normal stent (NS) insertion as a treatment for OEC. Material and methods: Querying of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was conducted to find all relevant studies published up to November 2020. The meta-analysis was undertaken using RevMan v5.3. Results: We identified 158 studies initially, eight (4 randomized controlled trials and 4 retrospective studies) of which were used in this meta-analysis. We found that the two groups exhibited the comparable pooled Δdysphagia scores (MD = 0.02; p = 0.80), stent restenosis rates (OR = 0.97; p = 0.89), stent migration rates (OR = 0.81; p = 0.63), severe chest pain rates (OR = 1.05; p = 0.81), hemorrhage rates (OR = 1.53; p = 0.16), aspiration pneumonia rates (OR = 0.72; p = 0.38), and fistula formation rates (OR = 1.47; p = 0.44). The pooled time-to-restenosis and survival were both significantly longer in the ISS group (p = 0.04 and < 0.0001, respectively). Significant heterogeneity was detected in the endpoints of Δdysphagia scores and survival (I2 = 73% and 86%, respectively). Funnel plot analysis indicated an absence of publication bias related to the selected study endpoints. Conclusions: For patients with OEC, our meta-analysis indicated that ISS insertion could provide longer stent patency and survival than NS insertion.

16.
J Clin Lipidol ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sitosterolemia is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by phytosterol accumulation in the blood and tissues. However, the detailed clinical and genetic spectra are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the clinical, biochemical, genetic, therapeutic, and follow-up characteristics of 55 pediatric and five adult sitosterolemia patients. METHODS: Clinical, genetic and therapeutic data from 60 patients at Xinhua Hospital from January 2016 to June 2021 were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: Pediatric patients' manifestations included xanthomas(93%), hematological disorders(30%), arthralgia(24%), splenomegaly(11%), atherosclerosis(10%). Adult patients had symptoms such as atherosclerosis(5/5), xanthomas(4/5), hematological disorders(3/5), arthralgia(3/5), splenomegaly(3/5). Elevated total cholesterol(TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) were observed in 96% patients (pediatric 98%, adult 3/4), and phytosterol levels in 100% patients. The age of onset was also negatively correlated with blood TC (P < 0.0001, r = -0.5548) and LDL-C (P = 0.0001, r = -0.4859) levels. Targeted treatments resulted in symptomatic remission(pediatric 96%, adult 4/5), and significantly decreased lipid and phytosterol levels(all P<0.05). In the dietary-therapy cohort(n=34), blood lipid levels decreased(all P<0.05). In the 13 pediatric patients from the dietary-therapy cohort who switched from dietary to combination therapy with ezetimibe, dietary therapy decreased TC and LDL-C levels by 54% and 52%, and ezetimibe further decreased them by 18% and 20%, respectively. Further, we identified 15 novel ABCG5/ABCG8 variants. CONCLUSIONS: This study expands the clinical and genetic spectra of sitosterolemia. The low-phytosterol diet is the cornerstone of sitosterolemia treatment. Ezetimibe can further decrease blood lipid levels and increase daily dietary phytosterol tolerance.

17.
Anal Chem ; 93(51): 17036-17042, 2021 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910458

RESUMO

Ligand-functionalized plasmonic nanoparticles have been widely used for targeted imaging in living systems. However, ligand presentation and encoding on the nanoparticle's surface in a stoichiometrically controllable manner remains a great challenge. Herein, we propose a method to construct ligand-engineered plasmonic nanoprobes by using nanoparticle encapsulation with topological DNA tetrahedrons, which enables the programmed ligand loading for precise regulation of targeting efficiency of nanoprobes in biorelated applications. With this method, we demonstrated the preparation of functionalized plasmonic nanoprobes by programmed loading of RGD peptides and aptamers onto the DNA tetrahedron encapsulated gold nanoparticles with controllable stoichiometric ratios. The cell imaging and particle counting assays suggested that the targeting efficiency of the nanoprobes could be readily modulated by tailoring the number and stoichiometric ratios of the loaded ligands, respectively. It can be anticipated that this robust strategy could provide new opportunities for the construction of efficacious nanoprobes and delivery systems for versatile bioapplications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , DNA , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Ouro , Ligantes
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients with lymphoma and to explore the burden of CRF on the family caregivers (FCs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a university-affiliated tertiary care hospital in China. Patients with lymphoma who received treatment in the in-patient ward of the Haematology Department were consecutively recruited. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to gather information related to the patients' sociodemographic characteristics and perceived CRF and its burden on the FCs. Cochran-Armitage trend analysis and Multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed to determine the association between CRF and the FCs' burden. RESULTS: Of the 116 cancer patient-FC dyads, about 70% of patients experienced some level of fatigue, while 51% of unpaid family members suffered some degree of depression. The Cochran-Armitage trend analysis showed that the FCs' burden significantly increased with the severity of CRF. Logistic regression indicated that the FCs of the patients reporting fatigue experienced a higher burden in both the unadjusted and adjusted models. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of CRF appeared to be high among patients with lymphoma. It might be important to design innovative health-promoting practices for ameliorating or preventing the impact of fatigue.

19.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842411

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), emerging as an important gaseous signal, has attracted more and more attention for its key role in chronic fatty liver diseases. However, lacking tools for H2S-specific in situ detection, the changes of endogenous hepatic H2S levels in the pathological progression of chronic liver diseases are still unclear. To this end, we adopted a strategy of combining molecular probe design and nanofunctionalization to develop a highly selective near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe, which allows in vivo real-time monitoring of hepatic H2S levels in the process of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). As a proof of strategy demonstration, we first designed NIR molecular probes for H2S sensing through chemical design and probe screening and then loaded molecular probes into mesoporous silicon nanomaterials (MSNs) with surface encapsulation using poly(ethylene glycol) to construct a highly selective probe MSN@CSN@PEG, with significantly improved selectivity and photostability. Moreover, MSN@CSN@PEG exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity for endogenous H2S in cells and tumors in vivo, eliminating the interference of a high concentration of biothiols and sulfhydryl proteins. Furthermore, the probe was applied to in situ intravital imaging and systematic assessment of hepatic H2S levels in different stages of NAFLD for the first time, which may offer a promising tool for the future study of fatty liver diseases and other chronic liver diseases.

20.
J Plant Res ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762207

RESUMO

Ephemeral plants are a crucial vegetation component in temperate deserts of Central Asia, and play an important role in biogeochemical cycle and biodiversity maintenance in desert ecosystems. However, the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) status and interrelations of leaf-root-soil of ephemeral plants remain unclear. A total of 194 leaf-root-soil samples of eight ephemeral species at 37 sites in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China were collected, and then the corresponding N and P concentrations, and the N:P ratio were measured. Results showed that soil parameters presented no significant difference among the eight species. The total soil N:P was only 0.116 (geomean), indicating limited soil N, while the available soil N:P (4.896, geomean) was significantly larger than the total N:P. The leaf N (averagely 30.995 mg g-1) and P (averagely 1.523 mg g-1) concentrations were 2.64-8.46 and 0.93-3.99 times higher than the root N (averagely 8.014 mg g-1) and P (averagely 0.802 mg g-1) concentrations, respectively. Thus, leaf N:P (averagely 21.499) was 1.410-2.957 times higher than root N:P (averagely 11.803). Meanwhile, significant interspecific differences existed in plant stoichiometric traits. At the across-species level, N content scaled as the 3/4-power of P content in both leaves and roots. Leaf and root N:P ratios were mainly influenced by P; however, the leaf-to-root N or P ratio was dominated by roots. Leaf and root N, P contents and N:P were generally unrelated to soil nutrients, and the former presented lower variation than the latter, indicating a strong stoichiometric homeostasis for ephemerals. These results demonstrate that regardless of soil nutrient supply capacity in this region, the fast-growing ephemeral plants have formed a specific leaf-root-soil stoichiometric relation and nutrient use strategy adapting to the extreme desert environment.

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