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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014568

RESUMO

A facile synthesis of marine natural product smenodiol has been achieved in 23.2% overall yield within 8 steps from readily available starting materials, which facilitates a concise synthesis of the marine natural product (-)-pelorol by employing a TMSOTf-mediated Friedel-Crafts reaction with a methyl ester in the aryl as the key step.

2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 2, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated risk factors among hypertensive patients in Southwest China. METHODS: From September 2013 to March 2014, a multistage, stratified sampling was conducted on 3505 hypertensive people aged 50-79 years who lived in urban communities within Chengdu and Chongqing, using a questionnaire and performing physical and biochemical measurements. RESULTS: In the study population, approximately 18.2% of all hypertensive participants had hyperuricemia (638/3505), with a prevalence rate of 21.5% in men and 16.2% in women (p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that aging, without spouse, current drinking, preferring hotpot, hypertriglyceridemia, BMI ≥ 25 kg/ m2, and central obesity were all positively correlated with hyperuricemia, whereas female gender was negatively correlated with hyperuricemia. The prevalence of hyperuricemia among hypertensive patients in urban adults aged 50-79 years in southwestern China was high, while levels of awareness were extremely low. DISCUSSION: Improved hyperuricemia health knowledge should be delivered to improve public awareness of the disease and it may need aggressive strategies aiming at the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia. It is may necessary to encourage people to check blood uric acid levels when they first time to be diagnosed with hypertension, especially in the elderly.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(3)2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022234

RESUMO

Amino acids are essential for cell growth and metabolism. Amino acid and growth factor signaling pathways coordinately regulate the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) kinase in cell growth and organ development. While major components of amino acid signaling mechanisms have been identified, their biological functions in organ development are unclear. We aimed to understand the functions of the critically positioned amino acid signaling complex GAP activity towards Rags 2 (GATOR2) in brain development. GATOR2 mediates amino acid signaling to mTORC1 by directly linking the amino acid sensors for arginine and leucine to downstream signaling complexes. Now, we report a role of GATOR2 in oligodendrocyte myelination in postnatal brain development. We show that the disruption of GATOR2 complex by genetic deletion of meiosis regulator for oocyte development (Mios, encoding a component of GATOR2) selectively impairs the formation of myelinating oligodendrocytes, thus brain myelination, without apparent effects on the formation of neurons and astrocytes. The loss of Mios impairs cell cycle progression of oligodendrocyte precursor cells, leading to their reduced proliferation and differentiation. Mios deletion manifests a cell type-dependent effect on mTORC1 in the brain, with oligodendroglial mTORC1 selectively affected. However, the role of Mios/GATOR2 in oligodendrocyte formation and myelination involves mTORC1-independent function. This study suggests that GATOR2 coordinates amino acid and growth factor signaling to regulate oligodendrocyte myelination.

4.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor, the biological mechanism underlying its incidence and improvement remains unclear. This study investigated early diagnosis and treatment objectives using bioinformatics strategies and performed experimental verification. METHODS AND RESULTS: The top 10 OS hub genes-CCNA2, CCNB1, AURKA, TRIP13, RFC4, DLGAP5, NDC80, CDC20, CDK1, and KIF20A-were screened using bioinformatics methods. TRIP13 was chosen for validation after reviewing literature. TRIP13 was shown to be substantially expressed in OS tissues and cells, according to Western blotting (WB) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction data. Subsequently, TRIP13 knockdown enhanced apoptosis and decreased proliferation, migration, and invasion in U2OS cells, as validated by the cell counting kit-8 test, Hoechst 33,258 staining, wound healing assay, and WB. In addition, the levels of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in U2OS cells markedly decreased after TRIP13 knockdown. Culturing U2OS cells, in which TRIP13 expression was downregulated, in a medium supplemented with a PI3K/AKT inhibitor further reduced their proliferation, migration, and invasion and increased their apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: TRIP13 knockdown reduced U2OS cell proliferation, migration, and invasion via a possible mechanism involving the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

5.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To differentiate diagnostic and prognostic factors from the clinical material of patients with cerebral sparganosis in central South China. METHODS: Consecutive patients with cerebral sparganosis from our hospital between 2010 and 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. The clinical manifestations, radiographic features, treatment and outcomes of these patients were analysed. RESULTS: Thirty patients with cerebral sparganosis were included, and foci migration on magnetic resonance imaging was detected in 22 patients, from whom we observed four migration modes: 1) interlobar migration (50.0%, 11/22); 2) trans-midline migration (27.3%, 6/22); 3) trans-ventricular migration (13.6%, 3/22); and 4) cerebellum-brainstem migration (9.1%, 2/22). The percentage of good outcomes was higher in patients with live worm capture than in those without live worm capture (75.0%, 12/16 vs 33.3%, 2/6). Exposure to preoperative anti-parasitic medication was associated with worm migration towards the cortical surface, which led to a higher probability of live worm capture. CONCLUSIONS: We propose four modes of sparganosis migration that are correlated with worm capture and neurological prognosis. We found that exposure to anti-parasitic medication was associated with worm migration towards the cortical surface, leading to a higher probability of live worm capture. These observations suggest a novel significance for preoperative medication of cerebral sparganosis.

6.
Mol Biol Evol ; 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038730

RESUMO

The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is a large and unique terrestrial carnivore. It is a particularly fascinating species due to its distinct phenotypic traits, especially its complex social structure and scavenging lifestyle, with associated high dietary exposure to microbial pathogens. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms related to these phenotypes remain elusive. Here, we sequenced and assembled a high-quality long-read genome of the spotted hyena, with a contig N50 length of ∼13.75 Mbp. Based on comparative genomics, immunoglobulin family members (e.g., IGKV4-1) showed significant adaptive duplications in the spotted hyena and striped hyena. Furthermore, immune-related genes (e.g., CD8A, LAG3, and TLR3) experienced species-specific positive selection in the spotted hyena lineage. These results suggest that immune tolerance between the spotted hyena and closely related striped hyena has undergone adaptive divergence to cope with prolonged dietary exposure to microbial pathogens from scavenging. Furthermore, we provided the potential genetic insights underlying social complexity, hinting at social behavior and cognition. Specifically, the RECNE-associated genes (e.g., UGP2 and ACTR2) in the spotted hyena genome are involved in regulation of social communication. Taken together, our genomic analyses provide molecular insights into the scavenging lifestyle and societal complexity of spotted hyenas.

7.
Mol Pain ; 18: 17448069211053255, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057644

RESUMO

N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) participates in regulating many neurological and psychiatric disorders such as drug addiction, chronic pain, and depression. NMDARs are heterotetrameric complexes generally composed of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits (NR2A, NR2B, NR2C and NR2D). Much attention has been focused on the role of NR2A and NR2B-containing NMDARs in a variety of neurological disorders; however, the function of NR2C/2D subunits at NAc in chronic pain remains unknown. In this study, spinal nerve ligation (SNL) induced a persistent sensory abnormity and depressive-like behavior. The whole-cell patch clamp recording on medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the NAc showed that the amplitude of NMDAR-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) was significantly increased when membrane potential held at -40 to 0 mV in mice after 14 days of SNL operation. In addition, selective inhibition of NR2C/2D-containing NMDARs with PPDA caused a larger decrease on peak amplitude of NMDAR-EPSCs in SNL than that in sham-operated mice. Appling of selective potentiator of NR2C/2D, CIQ, markedly enhanced the evoked NMDAR-EPSCs in SNL-operated mice, but no change in sham-operated mice. Finally, intra-NAc injection of PPDA significantly attenuated SNL-induced mechanical allodynia and depressive-like behavior. These results for the first time showed that the functional change of NR2C/2D subunits-containing NMDARs in the NAc might contribute to the sensory and affective components in neuropathic pain.

8.
Clin Genet ; 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060114

RESUMO

AGO1, as one of the rare genes in neurodevelopmental disorders, is involved in the microRNA-induced silencing complex. Here, we describe the clinical and genetic features of 18 individuals with de novo AGO1 variants: four new and 14 previously reported. Three variants are identified: two in-frame deletion variants and one missense variant. The spectrum of AGO1-related disorders included global development delay (GDD), intellectual disability (ID) with or without epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, hypotonia and dysmorphisms. Focal seizures are the most common type of seizure, occasionally with atypical absence. Mild deafness may be a new phenotype of AGO1-releated disease. Gly199Ser may be a hot-spot variant of AGO1 with the same phenotype: GDD/ID, intractable epilepsy, remarkably with Rolandic discharges, and even reaching electrical status epilepticus during sleep. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Pharm Biol ; 60(1): 195-205, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060427

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Folium Ginkgo extract and tetramethylpyrazine sodium chloride injection (Xingxiong injection) is a compound preparation commonly used for treating cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion injury in ischaemic stroke in China. However, its potential mechanisms on ischaemic stroke remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the potential mechanisms of Xingxiong injection in vivo or in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to five groups: the sham (normal saline), the model (normal saline) and the Xingxiong injection groups (12.5, 25 or 50 mL/kg). The rats were subjected to 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion for 14 d. Xingxiong injection was administered via intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection immediately after ischaemia induction for 14 d. Afterwards, rats were sacrificed at 14 d induced by administration of Xingxiong injection. RESULTS: Xingxiong injection significantly reduces infarct volume (23%) and neurological deficit scores (93%) compared with the MCAO/R group. Additionally, Xingxiong injection inhibits the loss in mitochondrial membrane potential (43%) and reduces caspase-3 level (44%), decreases NOX (41%), protein carbonyl (29%), 4-HNE (40%) and 8-OhdG (41%) levels, inhibits the expression of inflammatory factors, such as TNF-α (26%), IL-1ß (34%), IL-6 (39%), MCP-1 (36%), CD11a (41%) and ICAM-1 (43%). Moreover, Xingxiong injection can increase p-Akt/Akt (35%) and Nrf2 (47%) protein expression and inhibit NLRP3 (42%) protein expression. CONCLUSIONS: Xingxiong injection prevents cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion injury via activating the Akt/Nrf2 pathway and inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome. These findings provide experimental evidence for clinical use of drugs in the treatment of ischaemic stroke.

10.
Epilepsy Behav ; 127: 108531, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to test the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the epilepsy stigma scale (ESS), which aims to better understand the stigma of patients with epilepsy (PWEs), lays the foundation for future investigation and explores appropriate strategies to mitigate PWEs' stigma in Chinese culture. METHODS: The scale was translated following standard procedures. For psychometric validation, the Chinese version of the ESS was administered to 214 PWEs above the age of 16 who were diagnosed with epilepsy by two trained epileptologists and were taking anti-seizure drugs for at least a month. All of the patients were recruited from Xiangya Hospital of Central South University of China from August 2021 to September 2021. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.893 for the entire scale, 0.903 for felt stigma, and 0.688 for enacted stigma. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted and showed that the scale was grouped under two dimensions, and the results of confirmatory factor analysis support the structure. CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of the ESS is a valid and reliable tool to assess epilepsy-related stigma in Chinese culture.

12.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(1)2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35052455

RESUMO

The roe deer (Capreolus spp.) has been present in China since the early Pleistocene. Despite abundant fossils available for detailed morphological analyses, little is known about the phylogenetic relationships of the fossil individuals to contemporary roe deer. We generated near-complete mitochondrial genomes for four roe deer remains from Northeastern China to explore the genetic connection of the ancient roe deer to the extant populations and to investigate the evolutionary history and population dynamics of this species. Phylogenetic analyses indicated the four ancient samples fall into three out of four different haplogroups of the Siberian roe deer. Haplogroup C, distributed throughout Eurasia, have existed in Northeastern China since at least the Late Pleistocene, while haplogroup A and D, found in the east of Lake Baikal, emerged in Northeastern China after the Mid Holocene. The Bayesian estimation suggested that the first split within the Siberian roe deer occurred approximately 0.34 million years ago (Ma). Moreover, Bayesian skyline plot analyses suggested that the Siberian roe deer had a population increase between 325 and 225 thousand years ago (Kya) and suffered a transient decline between 50 and 18 Kya. This study provides novel insights into the evolutionary history and population dynamics of the roe deer.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(32): 9825-9834, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In malignant tumors, inflammation plays a vital role in the development, invasion, and metastasis of cancer cells. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common malignant proliferative disease of the lymphatic system, is commonly associated with inflammation. The international prognostic index (IPI), which includes age, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), number of extranodal lesions, Ann Arbor score, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, can evaluate the prognosis of DLBCL. However, its use in accurately identifying high-risk patients and guiding treatment is poor. Therefore, it is important to find novel immune markers in predicting the prognosis of DLBCL patients. AIM: To determine the association between the systemic immune inflammation index (SII), ratio of lymphocytes to monocytes (LMR), ratio of LMR to LDH (LMR/LDH), and prognosis of patients with DLBCL. METHODS: A total of 68 patients diagnosed with DLBCL, treated in our hospital between January 2016 and January 2020, were included. χ 2 test, Pearson's R correlation, Kaplan Meier curves, and Cox proportional risk regression analysis were used. The differences in the SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH among patients with different clinicopathological features were analyzed. The differences in progression-free survival time among patients with different SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH expressions and influencing factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients, were also analyzed. RESULTS: The LMR and LMR/LDH in patients with Ann Arbor stage III-IV, ECOG score ≥ 2, and SII, IPI score 2-5 were significantly higher than those of patients with Ann Arbor stage I-II and ECOG score < 2 (P < 0.05). Patients with high SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH had progression-free survival times of 34 mo (95%CI: 32.52-38.50), 35 mo (95%CI: 33.42-36.58) and 35 mo (95%CI: 33.49-36.51), respectively, which were significantly lower than those with low SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH (P < 0.05); the SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH were positively correlated (P < 0.05). Cox proportional risk regression analysis showed that the SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH were influencing factors for the prognosis of DLBCL patients (hazard ratio = 1.143, 1.665, and 1.704, respectively; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The SII, LMR, and LMR/LDH are related to the clinicopathological features of DLCBL, and they also influence the prognosis of patients with the disease.

14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 762288, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881180

RESUMO

Background: Doxorubicin/Adriamycin (ADM) alone or combined with ifosfamide (IFO) (AI) is available for previously untreated advanced soft tissue sarcoma (ASTS). However, the clinical choice between them remains controversial. In this pooled analysis, we comprehensively compared the efficacy and tolerability of AI versus ADM in patients with ASTS. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched from inception to April 14, 2021. Eligible studies were randomized clinical trials comparing AI to ADM. The primary outcomes were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and objective response rate (ORR). Discontinuation rate (DR) and toxic death (TD) were explored as secondary outcomes. Results: Overall, three open-label randomized phase 2/3 clinical trials with a total of 1108 newly diagnosed ASTS patients were enrolled. Between AI and ADM, pooled hazard ratios were 0.93 (95% confidence interval 0.58-1.50, p = 0.78) for OS and 0.85 (0.57-1.25, p = 0.41) for PFS. While pooled risk ratios for ORR, DR, and TD were 1.37 (0.94-1.99, p = 0.10), 1.04 (0.74-1.46, p = 0.82), and 0.68 (0.19-2.36, p = 0.54) respectively. No publication bias was observed across the studies. Conclusion: In the first-line setting, adding IFO to ADM failed to benefit ASTS patients against ADM alone, even with comparable tolerability.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 779744, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869500

RESUMO

Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is a complicated syndrome with extremely high short-term mortality. Whether plasma exchange (PE) improves HBV-ACLF outcomes remains controversial. Here, PE-based non-bioartificial liver support system (NB-ALSS) effects on short-term HBV-ACLF patient outcomes were investigated. Materials and methods: HBV-ACLF patients from Chinese Acute-on-chronic Liver Failure (CATCH-LIFE) cohort receiving standard medical therapy (SMT) alone or PE-based NB-ALSS in addition to SMT were allocated to SMT and SMT+PE groups, respectively; propensity score matching (PSM) was used to eliminate confounding bias. Short-term (28/90-day and 1-year) survival rates were calculated (Kaplan-Meier). Results: In total, 524 patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled in this study; 358 received SMT alone (SMT group), and the remaining 166 received PE-based NB-ALSS in addition to SMT (SMT+PE group). PSM generated 166 pairs of cases. In the SMT+PE group, 28-day, 90-day, and 1-year survival rates were 11.90, 8.00, and 10.90%, respectively, higher than those in the SMT group. Subgroup analysis revealed that PE-based NB-ALSS had the best efficacy in patients with ACLF grade 2 or MELD scores of 30-40 (MELD grade 3). In MELD grade 3 patients who received SMT+PE, 28-day, 90-day, and 1-year survival rates were improved by 18.60, 14.20, and 20.10%, respectively. According to multivariate Cox regression analysis, PE-based NB-ALSS was the only independent protective factor for HBV-ACLF patient prognosis at 28 days, 90 days, and 1 year (28 days, HR = 0.516, p = 0.001; 90 days, HR = 0.663, p = 0.010; 1 year, HR = 0.610, p = 0.051). For those who received SMT+PE therapy, PE-based NB-ALSS therapy frequency was the only independent protective factor for short-term prognosis (28-day, HR = 0.597, p = 0.001; 90-day, HR = 0.772, p = 0.018). Conclusions: This multicenter prospective study showed that the addition of PE-based NB-ALSS to SMT improves short-term (28/90 days and 1-year) outcomes in patients with HBV-ACLF, especially in MELD grade 3 patients. Optimization of PE-based NB-ALSS may improve prognosis or even save lives among HBV-ACLF patients.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127874, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852940

RESUMO

Understanding disease-related processes at the molecular level is of great importance for the prevention and treatment of diseases. However, due to the lack of effective analytical tools, it is challenging to gain insight into the relationships between a specific bioactive molecule and the associated disease. Herein, a rapid turn-on resorufin-based fluorescent probe platform utilizing the HClO-specific oxidative cleavage of the amide was constructed, allowing the visualization of HClO in vitro and in vivo. These probes could quickly respond to HClO (< 50 s) with high selectivity and sensitivity (12-153 nM). The probe REClO-6 had the fastest response (30 s) and the highest sensitivity (12 nM), and was successfully used for the imaging of endogenous and exogenous HClO in cells and zebrafish. Notably, it was also successfully applied to the imaging of HClO in mouse arthritis and solid tumors. This study provided a rapid imaging analysis tool, which would be used to investigate the relationship between HClO and the disease-related physiological processes.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854306

RESUMO

Magnesium-air battery has been considered promising for electrochemical energy storage or as a conversion device due to its high theoretical energy density and low cost. However, the experimental energy density is far lower than the theoretical value due to the intense hydrogen evolution of the Mg anode upon discharging. Herein, we have successfully developed a novel Mg64Zn36 (at. %) alloy via single-phase design. The as-prepared Mg64Zn36 anode possesses a high discharge specific capacity of 1302 ± 70 mAh g-1 and extraordinarily high efficiency of 94.8 ± 4.9%, which breaks the records of efficiency among all of the reported Mg anodes. The superior high efficiency is attributed to the anodic hydrogen evolution being inhibited by Zn alloying, which passivates the Mg matrix. The intermediate ion Mg+ produced during discharging is dramatically limited by the integrated passive film and is totally converted into Mg2+ electrochemically through the film. Meanwhile, the uniform discharging products due to the homogeneous microstructure of Mg64Zn36 co-contribute to the high efficiency. The design of the Mg-Zn alloy may open a new avenue for the development of Mg-air batteries.

18.
Org Lett ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854694

RESUMO

Represented is a CuX2- or I2-promoted ring-opening dual halogenation of cyclopropenones with saturated oxygen heterocycles, providing an efficient method for the synthesis of 3-haloacrylates. The ring-opening reaction enables the construction of two C-X (X = Cl, Br, or I) bonds and a C-O bond as well as the cleavage of two C-O bonds and a C-C bond in a single step. This protocol is highly atom economical, has an excellent substrate scope, and exhibits the ability for gram-scale reaction.

19.
Front Neurol ; 12: 762323, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887831

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) defects are responsible for the occurrence of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). The DBA/1 mouse is an animal model of SUDEP since the mouse exhibits audiogenic seizure-induced respiratory arrest (S-IRA). The synthesis of central 5-HT is closely related to the gut microbiota. Moreover, emerging studies suggest a possible role for the microbiota in mitigating seizure likelihood. Based on this, we aimed to explore the effect of a high-tryptophan diet (HTD) on SUDEP as well as the synthesis and metabolism of central 5-HT. Furthermore, we investigated the involvement of the gut microbiota in this process. Methods: All DBA/1 mice were subjected to acoustic stimulation to induce seizures. Only those mice that exhibited S-IRA were randomly assigned to the normal diet (ND) group (n = 39) or HTD group (n = 53). After 1 month of dietary intervention, (1) S-IRA rates were evaluated, (2) the concentrations of 5-HT and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the plasma and brain were determined by ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography, and (3) the fecal flora biodiversity and species composition were analyzed by 16S rDNA microbiota profiling. Results: The S-IRA rate in DBA/1 mice was significantly reduced in the HTD group compared with that in the control group. HTD increased the levels of 5-HT and 5-HIAA in both the telencephalon and midbrain. HTD significantly elevated the species richness and diversity of the gut microbiota. Moreover, there was a significant difference in the gut microbiota composition between the two groups, and the intestinal flora was dominated by Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria after HTD. Conclusions: HTD is efficient in lowering S-IRA rates and elevating the central 5-HT level in DBA/1 mice. The gut microbiota was altered after HTD intervention. The significant increase in Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria may be related to the SUDEP-protective effect of HTD. Our findings shed light on a candidate choice of dietary prevention for SUDEP.

20.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 6420-6423, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34892581

RESUMO

The spatiotemporal kinematic synergy, a coupling of multiple degrees of freedom (DoF), runs through human activities of daily living (ADL). And it is an entry point for exploring the central nervous system's (CNS) control process of musculoskeletal system by analyzing the time-varying kinematic synergy. The aim of this study was to find more physiological properties from the angular velocity profiles of synergy. Ten healthy right-handed subjects were asked to reach target button at different locations. During reaching movement, the motion data of five right upper limb joints were recorded, and the synergistic patterns were extracted by PCA algorithm. Our results showed that the combinations of the first four synergies were sufficient to explain raw data. As far as possible to exclude the effects of individual and information differences, we found shoulder flexion/extension and elbow flexion/extension made distinct contribution in a period of time to the control procedure performed by CNS after targets were confirmed. Our preliminary results implied that reaching movements required comparatively constant scheduling of shoulder horizontal abduction/adduction, shoulder internal/external rotation and wrist ulnar/radial deviation by CNS, while scheduling of SFE and EFE depends on the objectives.Clinical relevance- The findings of this paper may provide a novel dynamic control evidence based on CNS for realizing near-natural control of assistive devices in motor rehabilitation area.

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