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2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019920

RESUMO

We report here that polysubstituted cyclopent-2-enols can be constructed by the one-pot reaction of doubly activated cyclopropanes and α-EWG substituted acetonitriles under mild basic conditions via a domino-ring-opening-cyclization/deacylation/oxidation sequence. Moreover, the synthetic applications of these cyclopent-2-enols have been demonstrated in the late-stage derivatization into functionalized cyclopentapyrimidin-4-ones and 2-hydroxy cyclopentanones with good yields.

3.
Asian J Surg ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the sex differences in short- and mid-term mortality in femoral neck fracture patients aged >90 years treated operatively and nonoperatively over a 10-year period. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2016, all femoral neck fractures patients (aged over 90 years) admitted to our hospital were included for evaluation. The survival time and mortality rate were compared between patients treated by arthroplasty and those treated nonoperatively. Additionally, a Cox proportional hazards model was built to explore the treatment effect difference between the arthroplasty group and the nonoperative group with sex-stratified subgroups. RESULTS: The difference in the survival distribution between the nonoperative and arthroplasty groups were significant for women (P = 0.002) but not for men (P = 0.6222). The adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of nonoperative treatment to arthroplasty was 3.93 (1.86, 8.31). The adjusted risk ratios of nonoperative treatment to arthroplasty for males and females were 1.24 (0.58, 2.67) and 34.04 (8.68, 133.47), respectively. The data also showed higher short- and midterm survival rates in women than in men among the arthroplasty group, especially within the first 1-3 years after injury. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroplasty can significantly improve short- and mid-term survival in femoral neck fracture patients aged over 90 years, especially females. The most significant difference in mortality between the two sexes was observed within the first three years following the fracture.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 412, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013490

RESUMO

The endometrium plays a critical role in embryo implantation and pregnancy, and a thin uterus is recognized as a key factor in embryo implantation failure. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) have attracted interest for the repair of intrauterine adhesions. The current study investigated the repair of thin endometrium in rats using the UC-MSCs and the mechanisms involved. Rats were injected with 95% ethanol to establish a model of thin endometrium. The rats were randomly divided into normal, sham, model, and UC-MSCs groups. Endometrial morphological alterations were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining, and functional restoration was assessed by testing embryo implantation. The interaction between UC-MSCs and rat endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) was evaluated using a transwell 3D model and immunocytochemistry. Microarray mRNA and miRNA platforms were used for miRNA-mRNA expression profiling. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed to identify the biological processes, molecular functions, cellular components, and pathways of endometrial injury and UC-MSCs transplantation repair and real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to further identify the expression changes of key molecules in the pathways. Endometrium thickness, number of glands, and the embryo implantation numbers were improved, and the degree of fibrosis was significantly alleviated by UC-MSCs treatment in the rat model of thin endometrium. In vitro cell experiments showed that UC-MSCs migrated to injured ESCs and enhanced their proliferation. miRNA microarray chip results showed that expression of 45 miRNAs was downregulated in the injured endometrium and upregulated after UC-MSCs transplantation. Likewise, expression of 39 miRNAs was upregulated in the injured endometrium and downregulated after UC-MSCs transplantation. The miRNA-mRNA interactions showed the changes in the miRNA and mRNA network during the processes of endometrial injury and repair. GO and KEGG analyses showed that the process of endometrial injury was mainly attributed to the decomposition of the extracellular matrix (ECM), protein degradation and absorption, and accompanying inflammation. The process of UC-MSCs transplantation and repair were accompanied by the reconstruction of the ECM, regulation of chemokines and inflammation, and cell proliferation and apoptosis. The key molecules involved in ECM-receptor interaction pathways were further verified by qRT-PCR. Itga1 and Thbs expression decreased in the model group and increased by UC-MSCs transplantation, while Laminin and Collagen expression increased in both the model group and MSCs group, with greater expression observed in the latter. This study showed that UC-MSCs transplantation could promote recovery of thin endometrial morphology and function. Furthermore, it revealed the expression changes of miRNA and mRNA after endometrial injury and UC-MSCs transplantation repair processed, and signaling pathways that may be involved in endometrial injury and repair.

5.
Nat Cell Biol ; 24(1): 88-98, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027735

RESUMO

The accumulation of lipid peroxides is recognized as a determinant of the occurrence of ferroptosis. However, the sensors and amplifying process of lipid peroxidation linked to ferroptosis remain obscure. Here we identify PKCßII as a critical contributor of ferroptosis through independent genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 and kinase inhibitor library screening. Our results show that PKCßII senses the initial lipid peroxides and amplifies lipid peroxidation linked to ferroptosis through phosphorylation and activation of ACSL4. Lipidomics analysis shows that activated ACSL4 catalyses polyunsaturated fatty acid-containing lipid biosynthesis and promotes the accumulation of lipid peroxidation products, leading to ferroptosis. Attenuation of the PKCßII-ACSL4 pathway effectively blocks ferroptosis in vitro and impairs ferroptosis-associated cancer immunotherapy in vivo. Our results identify PKCßII as a sensor of lipid peroxidation, and the lipid peroxidation-PKCßII-ACSL4 positive-feedback axis may provide potential targets for ferroptosis-associated disease treatment.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 265-274, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626973

RESUMO

A nitrogen/oxygen codoped carbon derived from sweet potato (SPC) with interconnected micro-mesopores is applied to encapsulate selenium composite (SPC/Se) with a high Se loading (74.3%). As a cathode for advanced Li-Se and Na-Se batteries, the SPC/Se exhibits superior electrochemical behavior in low-cost carbonate electrolyte. Including the hierarchically porous structure of SPC and the chemical bonding between Se and carbon, the strong binding energy between SPC and Li2Se/Na2Se is also proved by DFT method, which results in the effective mitigation of shuttle reaction and volume change for SPC/Se cathode. For Li-Se batteries, the SPC/Se composite shows the initial specific charge capacity of 668 mAh g-1 with a high initial coulombic efficiency of 78%, and maintains a stable reversible capacity of 587 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles with a weak capacity decay of 0.082% at 0.2C. It still retains a reversible specific capacity of 375 mAh g-1 even at 20C. For Na-Se battery, the SPC/Se composite displays the initial specific charge capacity of 671 mAh g-1 at 0.2C and maintains a reversible specific capacity of 412 mAh g-1 after 500 cycles with a capacity retention of 61.4%. When the current density increases to 20C, it still delivers a high reversible specific capacity of 420 mAh g-1. Finally, the transformation mechanism of Se molecule is illustrated detailedly in (de)lithi/sodiation process.

7.
Talanta ; 237: 122896, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736712

RESUMO

Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis and food-borne diseases worldwide. Thus, a rapid, accurate, and easy-to-implement detection method for controlling infection and monitoring progression is urgently needed. In this study, we constructed a novel sandwich-type electrochemical biosensor integrated with two specific recognition elements (aptamer and peptide) for human norovirus (HuNoV). The electrochemical biosensor was fabricated using magnetic covalent organic framework/pillararene heterosupramolecular nanocomposites (MB@Apt@WP5A@Au@COF@Fe3O4) as the signal probes. The sensor showed high accuracy and selectivity. The detection method does not need the extraction and amplification of virus nucleic acid and has a short turn-around time. Intriguingly, the proposed biosensor had a limit of detection of 0.84 copy mL-1 for HuNoV, which was the highest sensitivity among published assays. The proposed biosensor showed higher sensitivity and accuracy compared with immunochromatographic assay in the detection of 98 clinical specimens. The biosensor was capable of determining the predominant infection strain of GII.4 and also GII.3 and achieved 74% selectivity for HuNoV GII group. This study provides a potential method for point-of-care testing and highlights the integrated utilization of Apt and peptide in sensor construction.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanocompostos , Norovirus , Humanos , Imunoensaio
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 906-915, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375785

RESUMO

The search for ultrafast and simple methods to fabricate non-noble metal catalysts to boost electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is still ongoing. Herein, we demonstrate a one-step microwave-assisted heating method to prepare copper nitride/iron/iron carbide nanoparticle hybrids (CuNC/Fe/Fe3C/CNT). This ultrafast heating method induces plentiful carbon-wrapped metal and Fe3C nanoparticles that are attached to the surface of CNT and scattered nanosheets. The CuNC/Fe/Fe3C/CNT exhibit a half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.886 V toward the ORR in alkaline solution, with 220 mV more positive E1/2 than that of CuNC/CNT and Fe/Fe3C/CNT respectively. The activity of as-prepared catalysts is discussed by investigating their structures and compositions and their relationship with the ORR performance. Detailed analysis results disclose that the high activity of the CuNC/Fe/Fe3C/CNT catalysts could be attributed to the interaction of CuNC and Fe/Fe3C species. To be specific, as the electron donor, Fe/Fe3C nanoparticles induce electron localization and promote the formation of Cu (δ + )-NC (0 < Î´ < 2), therefore leading to the improvement of the ORR performance. This work may offer an ultrafast way to construct efficient catalysts with enhanced ORR performance.


Assuntos
Carbono , Cobre , Catálise , Oxigênio
9.
Phytomedicine ; 94: 153822, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astragalus and Panax notoginseng are significant traditional Chinese medicines for treating ischemic stroke, with astragaloside IV (AST IV) and Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) being the major effective compounds, respectively. These compounds can also be used in combination. We have previously shown that AST IV and PNS have an antagonistic effect on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, and the combination of these two drugs can elevate this effect; unfortunately, AST IV and PNS cannot easily enter the brain tissues through the blood brain barrier (BBB). Previous studies have confirmed that the combination of borneol with other agents could promote the penetration of the drug components through the BBB. However, it remains unclear whether borneol can promote entry of the active components of AST IV and PNS into the brain tissues and enhance their effect against cerebral ischemia. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a combination of borneol with AST IV and PNS against I/R injury and explore the mechanisms of borneol-promoting penetration of drug components into the BBB based on the drug transport of brain tissues. METHODS: A rat model of focal cerebral I/R injury was established, and drugs, including borneol, AST IV, and PNS, as well as their combinations were intragastrically administered. Subsequently, drug efficacy was assessed, and the condition of AST IV and PNS active components (Rg1, Rb1, R1) delivered into the brain was analyzed. Moreover, BBB permeability was determined, and the expression of related drug transporters and their genes were evaluated. RESULTS: After treatment with borneol, AST IV, PNS, AST Ⅳ+PNS, and borneol+AST Ⅳ+PNS after cerebral I/R, the neurological function deficit scores, cerebral infarct rate, and brain water content markedly decreased. The effects of the three-drug-combination were better than those of the drugs used alone and those of AST Ⅳ+PNS. Moreover, after I/R in rats, AST IV and the components of PNS (Rg1, Rb1, R1) were mainly found in the cerebral cortex and in the cerebellum, respectively, when used alone. Borneol combined with AST IV and PNS increased the contents of AST IV, Rb1, Rg1, and R1 in the cerebral cortex and in the cerebellum, thus, promoting the enrichment of active components to the cerebral cortex, especially to the affected side. In addition, following I/R, diffuse distribution of lanthanum particles in the basement membrane, intercellular and intracellular locations of rat brain tissues indicated BBB destruction and increase in permeability, which were alleviated in each drug group. The effects of borneol combined with AST IV and PNS were stronger than those of the drug single-used and those of the AST IV+PNS group. Finally, the expression of effluent transporters (ET) and their genes, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP)-1, MRP-2, MRP-4, and MRP-5 in brain tissues, strikingly increased after I/R. Borneol remarkedly down-regulated the protein expression of P-gp, MRP-2, and MRP-4 in the brain, whereas PNS down-regulated MRP-4 and MRP-5 protein expression. AST IV, AST IV+PNS, and bornoel+AST IV+PNS effectively decreased the expression of P-gp, MRP-2, MRP-4, and MRP-5 proteins. The effects of the three-drug combination were significantly greater than those of the drug single-used and AST IV+PNS groups. The expression of each ET gene manifested corresponding results. Meanwhile, PNS, AST IV+PNS, and bornoel+AST IV+PNS significantly inhibited the down-regulation of the uptake transporter organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)-2 expression, and the effect of bornoel+AST IV+PNS was stronger than that of other groups. CONCLUSION: After I/R, the brain tissues were injured, BBB permeability increased, expression of critical ET and their genes were markedly up-regulated, and the main uptake transporters were down-regulated. We propose that the combination of borneol, AST IV and PNS could enhance the effect against cerebral I/R injury and protect BBB integrity. The potential mechanism might be the delivery of AST IV and active components of PNS to the brain tissues after treatment in combination with borneol, which could be effectively promoted by down-regulating the expression of ETs and up-regulating the expression of uptake transporters in the brain tissues. This study was the first to demonstrate that borneol combined with AST IV+PNS enhanced the effect against cerebral I/R injury through promoting the entry of AST and PNS active components to the brain tissues. Thus, this study proposes an instructive role in developing effective active ingredients combination of Chinese medicine with clear ingredients and synergistic effects in terms of the characteristic of borneol.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Panax notoginseng , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Saponinas , Animais , Encéfalo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Canfanos , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos
10.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Stroke is currently the leading cause of death in China; however, the past decade has produced no new epidemiological studies of stroke. Therefore, the current study aimed to compare the prevalence and risk factors of stroke between 2010 and 2019. METHODS: A comparative study was used to analyze the prevalence of risk factors for stroke in a population aged 65 years or older between 2010 and 2019. Demographic characteristics, risk factors, medical history, and other clinical characteristics were collected for all participants via door-to-door interviews and inpatient hospital records. RESULTS: The standardized prevalence of stroke was 7.9% in 2010 and 14.2% in 2019 (p < 0.001). The prevalence of stroke was significantly higher in men than in women (p < 0.05) for all age groups. The risk factors of stroke were being male, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus in both 2010 and 2019. When comparing the risk factors between 2010 and 2019, these risk factors were statistically significantly more strongly associated with stroke in 2019 than in 2010. CONCLUSION: The current study suggests that the prevalence of stroke increased nearly by twofold in a population aged 65 years or older within the past 10 years. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and being male were the primary risk factors. In addition, these factors were more significantly associated with stroke in 2019 compared to 2010.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 7108, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876568

RESUMO

D-2-Hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG) is a metabolite involved in many physiological metabolic processes. When D-2-HG is aberrantly accumulated due to mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase or D-2-HG dehydrogenase, it functions in a pro-oncogenic manner and is thus considered a therapeutic target and biomarker in many cancers. In this study, DhdR from Achromobacter denitrificans NBRC 15125 is identified as an allosteric transcriptional factor that negatively regulates D-2-HG dehydrogenase expression and responds to the presence of D-2-HG. Based on the allosteric effect of DhdR, a D-2-HG biosensor is developed by combining DhdR with amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay (AlphaScreen) technology. The biosensor is able to detect D-2-HG in serum, urine, and cell culture medium with high specificity and sensitivity. Additionally, this biosensor is used to identify the role of D-2-HG metabolism in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, demonstrating its broad usages.

12.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-31, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877923

RESUMO

AbstractJapanese encephalitis virus (JEV), an important neurotropic pathogen, belongs to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae and has caused huge threat to public health. It is still obscure regarding the functions of stem loop (SL) and dumbbell (DB) domains of JEV 3' UTR in viral replication and virulence. In the current study, using the infectious clone of JEV SA14 strain as a backbone, we constructed a series of deletion mutants of 3' UTR to investigate their effects on virus replication. The results showed that partial deletions within SL or DB domain had no apparent effects on virus replication in both mammalian (BHK-21) and mosquito (C6/36) cells, suggesting that they were not involved in viral host-specific replication. However, the entire SL domain deletion (ΔVR) significantly reduced virus replication in both cell lines, indicating the important role of the complete SL domain in virus replication. The revertant of ΔVR mutant virus was obtained by serial passage in BHK-21 cells that acquired a duplication of DB domain (DB-dup) in the 3' UTR, which greatly restored virus replication as well as the capability to produce the subgenomic flavivirus RNAs (sfRNAs). Interestingly, the DB-dup mutant virus was highly attenuated in C57BL/6 mice despite replicating similar to WT JEV. These findings demonstrate the significant roles of the duplicated structures in 3' UTR in JEV replication and provide a novel strategy for the design of live attenuated vaccine.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 401, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848680

RESUMO

Met tyrosine kinase, a receptor for a hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), plays a critical role in tumor growth, metastasis, and drug resistance. Mitochondria are highly dynamic and undergo fission and fusion to maintain a functional mitochondrial network. Dysregulated mitochondrial dynamics are responsible for the progression and metastasis of many cancers. Here, using structured illumination microscopy (SIM) and high spatial and temporal resolution live cell imaging, we identified mitochondrial trafficking of receptor tyrosine kinase Met. The contacts between activated Met kinase and mitochondria formed dramatically, and an intact HGF/Met axis was necessary for dysregulated mitochondrial fission and cancer cell movements. Mechanically, we found that Met directly phosphorylated outer mitochondrial membrane protein Fis1 at Tyr38 (Fis1 pY38). Fis1 pY38 promoted mitochondrial fission by recruiting the mitochondrial fission GTPase dynamin-related protein-1 (Drp1) to mitochondria. Fragmented mitochondria fueled actin filament remodeling and lamellipodia or invadopodia formation to facilitate cell metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. These findings reveal a novel and noncanonical pathway of Met receptor tyrosine kinase in the regulation of mitochondrial activities, which may provide a therapeutic target for metastatic HCC.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 765701, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867809

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal orexin-A levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been identified in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. However, few studies have focused on Lewy body disease (LBD) and often with debatable outcomes. Thus, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate orexin-A levels in LBD by incorporating data from different studies. Methods: We gathered studies comparing orexin-A levels in patients with LBD and controls (including healthy controls and other dementia subtypes). In the initial search, 117 relevant articles were identified. After a selection process, seven studies, conducted in Japan, USA, Spain, Switzerland, France, Italy, and Netherlands, were chosen. Results: In total, 179 patients with LBD and 253 controls were included. Patients with LBD had significantly lower mean orexin-A CSF levels when compared with patients with AD [standard mean difference (SMD): -0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.70 to -0.00, Z = 1.96, P = 0.05], whereas mean orexin-A levels were significantly higher when compared with patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) (SMD: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.23-0.99, Z = 3.12, P = 0.002). Orexin-A CSF levels in LBD patients were approximately equal to levels in healthy elderly individuals, whereas they were significantly decreased in LBD patients with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) (SMD: -0.15, 95% CI: -0.59 to 0.29, Z = 0.67, P = 0.50). Conclusions: We showed that orexin-A levels in patients with LBD were not very different from those in normal elderly individuals, whereas they were lower than those in AD patients and higher than those in FTLD patients. The influence of hypersomnia on orexin-A levels should be carefully interpreted. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier CRD42021265900.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1302, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, no available coherent management protocol exists for pediatric cancers associated with pleural effusion, ascites, and pericardial effusion. This study aimed to retrospectively present our experience in treating pediatric cancer patients with pleural effusion, ascites, and pericardial effusion using interleukin-2 (IL-2) and dexamethasone (DEX) intracavitary injections. METHODS: Between January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2020, medical reports of patients diagnosed with solid tumors or lymphoma were checked to identify patients diagnosed with > 2 cm pleural effusion, and/or more than grade 1 ascites, and/or more than small pericardial effusion. Patients diagnosed with effusions and treated with IL-2 and DEX were identified as being in the effusion group. Meanwhile, patients with the same primary tumors and effusions but did not receive interleukin 2 and DEX injection were reviewed and classified as the control group. RESULTS: Forty patients with solid tumors and 66 patients with lymphoma were further diagnosed with pleural effusion, ascites, or pericardial effusion. A total of 85 patients received IL-2 and DEX injection while the remaining 21 did not. The Kaplan Meier analysis revealed a significant difference between the two groups, with p < 0.01 for event free survival (EFS) and p < 0.01 for overall survival (OS), both of which had p < 0.01. Hazard ratio was found to be 0.344 for OS and 0.352 for EFS. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study illustrates that thoracic, intraperitoneal, or pericardial intracavitary injection of DEX plus IL-2 can be an effective and safe treatment for pediatric cancers with pleural effusion, ascites, and pericardial effusion.

16.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 9163-9172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34880655

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the correlation between site rs962917 of the MYO9B gene and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the Guangxi Zhuang nationality population. Methods: The intestinal mucosa tissue of 153 IBD subjects (Han and Zhuang patients only) in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region comprised the case group, and the intestinal mucosa tissue of 155 healthy subjects (Han and Zhuang patients only) in the same region represented the control group. Deoxyribonucleic acid was extracted from the intestinal mucosa tissue of each experimental group, and the MYO9B gene-target fragment containing the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site rs962917 was designed. Finally, polymerase chain reaction products were obtained by amplification, analyzed, and compared using the sequencing results. Results: The results indicated that the genotype frequency of the MYO9B SNP site rs962917 between Crohn's disease (CD) and control groups of Zhuang and Han participants differed significantly (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the genotype frequency of MYO9B site rs962917 differed significantly between the Zhuang and Han population groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Site rs962917 of the MYO9B gene is related to CD susceptibility and incidence among the Guangxi Zhuang population.

17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 737275, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858974

RESUMO

3D cell culture technologies have recently shown very valuable promise for applications in regenerative medicine, but the most common 3D culture methods for mesenchymal stem cells still have limitations for clinical application, mainly due to the slowdown of inner cell proliferation and increase in cell death rate. We previously developed a new 3D culture of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) based on its self-feeder layer, which solves the two issues of ASC 3D cell culture on ultra-low attachment (ULA) surface. In this study, we compared the 3D spheroids formed on the self-feeder layer (SLF-3D ASCs) with the spheroids formed by using ULA plates (ULA-3D ASCs). We discovered that the cells of SLF-3D spheroids still have a greater proliferation ability than ULA-3D ASCs, and the volume of these spheroids increases rather than shrinks, with more viable cells in 3D spheroids compared with the ULA-3D ASCs. Furthermore, it was discovered that the SLF-3D ASCs are likely to exhibit the abovementioned unique properties due to change in the expression level of ECM-related genes, like COL3A1, MMP3, HAS1, and FN1. These results indicate that the SLF-3D spheroid is a promising way forward for clinical application.

18.
Burns Trauma ; 9: tkab038, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859108

RESUMO

Background: MicroRNA-101 (miR-101) is a tumor suppressor microRNA (miRNA) and its loss is associated with the occurrence and progression of various diseases. However, the biological function and target of miR-101 in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic scars (HS) remains unknown. Methods: We harvested HS and paired normal skin (NS) tissue samples from patients and cultured their fibroblasts (HSF and NSF, respectively). We used quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and Western blot analyses to measure mRNA levels and protein expression of miR-101, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), collagen 1 and 3 (Col1 and Col3) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in different in vitro conditions. We also used RNA sequencing to evaluate the relevant signaling pathways and bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assays to predict miR-101 targets. We utilized a bleomycin-induced fibrosis mouse model in which we injected miR-101 mimics to evaluate collagen deposition in vivo. Results: We found low expression of miR-101 in HS and HSF compared to NS and NSF. Overexpressing miR-101 decreased Col1, Col3 and α-SMA expression in HSF. We detected high expression of EZH2 in HS and HSF. Knockdown of EZH2 decreased Col1, Col3 and α-SMA in HSF. Mechanistically, miR-101 targeted the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of EZH2, as indicated by the decreased expression of EZH2. Overexpressing EZH2 rescued miR-101-induced collagen repression. MiR-101 mimics effectively suppressed collagen deposition in the bleomycin-induced fibrosis mouse model. Conclusions: Our data reveal that miR-101 targets EZH2 in HS collagen production, providing new insight into the pathological mechanisms underlying HS formation.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(33): 10075-10087, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) uses the hydrophilic layer of liposomes to reach the sweat on the skin surface or accumulate in the sweat glands, producing toxic free radicals and oxidative damage, resulting in hand-foot syndrome (HFS). Regional cooling can induce vasoconstriction to reduce the release of drugs in the limbs and reduce the accumulation of drugs in sweat glands; thus, decreasing the incidence and severity of HFS. AIM: To study the efficacy of cooling patches to prevent HFS caused by PLD in the short-term. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Female breast cancer patients (n = 101) who were treated with PLD in two breast wards at our department from February 2020 to February 2021 were enrolled in the study and were randomly divided into the cooling group (51 patients) and the control group (50 patients). Patients in the control group only received routine care, while the patients in the cooling group applied cooling patches, based on routine care, to the palm and back of the hands 15 min before chemotherapy infusion for 10 h. All patients took a corresponding dose of dexamethasone orally one day before chemotherapy, on the day of chemotherapy, and one day after chemotherapy. SPSS23.0 version was used to analyze the data in this study. The occurrence and severity of HFS was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test, and scores were analyzed by the Student's t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. A P value < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: In this study, neither group of patients developed Grade 3 HFS. In the control group, the incidence of Grade 1 HFS and Grade 2 HFS was 38% and 2%, respectively. However, in the cooling group, only one person developed Grade 1 HFS (2%), and none of the patients developed Grade 2 HFS. These findings showed that cooling patches can effectively reduce the frequency and severity of HFS (P < 0.0001) in the short-term. Before the fourth chemotherapy cycle, although general self-efficacy scale scores in the cooling group were low, they were still significantly higher than those in the control group (17.22 ± 5.16 vs 19.63 ± 6.42, P = 0.041). Compared with the control group, the mean Hand-Foot Skin Reaction and Quality of Life Questionnaire score in the cooling group was significantly lower (18.08 ± 7.01 vs 14.20 ± 7.39, P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Cooling patches can effectively reduce the frequency and severity of HFS caused by PLD in the short-term. In addition, it may help delay the decline in patients' self-efficacy.

20.
Biomater Sci ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928285

RESUMO

Demyelination is a critical neurological disease, and there is still a lack of effective treatment methods. In the past two decades, stem cells have emerged as a novel therapeutic effector for neural regeneration. However, owing to the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the complex microenvironment, targeted therapy still faces multiple challenges. Targeted exosome carriers for drug delivery may be considered a promising therapeutic method. Exosomes were isolated from mice neural stem cells. To develop targeting exosomes, we generated a lentivirus armed PDGFRα ligand that could anchor the membrane. Exosome targeting tests were carried out in vitro and in vivo. The modified exosomes showed an apparent ability to target OPCs in the lesion area. Next, the exosomes were loaded with Bryostatin-1 (Bryo), and the cuprizone-fed mice were administered with the targeting exosomes. The data show that Bryo exhibits a powerful therapeutic effect compared with Bryo alone after exosome encapsulation. Specifically, this novel exosome-based targeting delivery of Bryo significantly improves the protection ability of the myelin sheath and promotes remyelination. Moreover, it blocks astrogliosis and axon damage, and also has an inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory microglia. The results of this investigation provide a straightforward strategy to produce targeting exosomes and indicate a potential therapeutic approach for demyelinating disease.

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