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1.
Plant Physiol ; 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241879

RESUMO

Excessive application of nitrate, an essential macronutrient and a signal regulating diverse physiological processes, decreases malate accumulation in apple (Malus domestica) fruit, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we show that an apple BTB/TAZ protein, MdBT2, is involved in regulating malate accumulation and vacuolar pH in response to nitrate. In vitro and in vivo assays indicate that MdBT2 interacts directly with and ubiquitinates a bHLH transcription factor, MdCIbHLH1, via the ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway in response to nitrate. This ubiquitination results in the degradation of MdCIbHLH1 protein and reduces the transcription of MdCIbHLH1-targeted genes involved in malate accumulation and vacuolar acidification, including MdVHA-A, which encodes a vacuolar H+-ATPase, and MdVHP1, which encodes a vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase, as well as MdALMT9, which encodes an aluminum-activated malate transporter. A series of transgenic analyses in apple materials including fruits, plantlets, and calli demonstrate that MdBT2 controls nitrate-mediated malate accumulation and vacuolar pH at least partially, if not completely, via regulating the MdCIbHLH1 protein level. Taken together, these findings reveal that MdBT2 regulates the stability of MdCIbHLH1 via ubiquitination in response to nitrate, which in succession transcriptionally reduces the expression of malate-associated genes, thereby controlling malate accumulation and vacuolar acidification in apples under high nitrate supply.

2.
Theranostics ; 10(9): 3980-3993, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226533

RESUMO

Rationale: Transmembrane member 16A (TMEM16A) is a component of calcium-activated chloride channels that regulate vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and remodeling. Autophagy, a highly conserved cellular catabolic process in eukaryotes, exerts important physiological functions in vascular SMCs. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between TMEM16A and autophagy during vascular remodeling. Methods: We generated a transgenic mouse that overexpresses TMEM16A specifically in vascular SMCs to verify the role of TMEM16A in vascular remodeling. Techniques employed included immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, co-immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting. Results: Autophagy was activated in aortas from angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertensive mice with decreased TMEM16A expression. The numbers of light chain 3B (LC3B)-positive puncta in aortas correlated with the medial cross-sectional aorta areas and TMEM16A expression during hypertension. SMC-specific TMEM16A overexpression markedly inhibited AngII-induced autophagy in mouse aortas. Moreover, in mouse aortic SMCs (MASMCs), AngII-induced autophagosome formation and autophagic flux were blocked by TMEM16A upregulation and were promoted by TMEM16A knockdown. The effect of TMEM16A on autophagy was independent of the mTOR pathway, but was associated with reduced kinase activity of the vacuolar protein sorting 34 (VPS34) enzyme. Overexpression of VPS34 attenuated the effect of TMEM16A overexpression on MASMC proliferation, while the effect of TMEM16A downregulation was abrogated by a VPS34 inhibitor. Further, co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that TMEM16A interacts with p62. TMEM16A overexpression inhibited AngII-induced p62-Bcl-2 binding and enhanced Bcl-2-Beclin-1 interactions, leading to suppression of Beclin-1/VPS34 complex formation. However, TMEM16A downregulation showed the opposite effects. Conclusion: TMEM16A regulates the four-way interaction between p62, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and VPS34, and coordinately prevents vascular autophagy and remodeling.

3.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 29(1): 175-182, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between circulating vitamin D and liver cancer risk has been controversial on the basis of epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate this association with prospective studies. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was implemented in PubMed and Scopus databases up to June 2019. Using a random-effects model, the multivariate-adjusted relative risks (RRs) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were pooled for the highest versus lowest category. Trend estimation was conducted with a two-stage dose-response meta-analysis. RESULTS: Six independent prospective studies (992 liver cancer events and 60,811 participants) were included for data synthesis. The summary estimate showed that a higher circulating vitamin D was associated with lower risk of liver cancer (Summary RR=0.78; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.95; I2=53.6%, p=0.035). Dose-response analysis indicated that liver cancer was associated with 8% (95% CI: 0.89, 0.95) lower risk with a 10 nmol/L increment of circulating vitamin D concentration. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides substantial evidence that a higher concentration of circulating vitamin D would have conferred protection against liver cancer.

4.
Food Funct ; 11(3): 2058-2066, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142084

RESUMO

3-Carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropanoic acid (CMPF) is a metabolite of furan fatty acids found in plasma and urine of humans after consumption of foods containing these fatty acids. Recently, CMPF has been identified as a prominent metabolite following the consumption of either fish oil, fish oil fatty acid-ethyl esters or diets rich in fish. As furan fatty acids are known to occur in fish and fish oils (at a low level), it is possible that in these studies the CMPF in plasma originated from furan fatty acids. We report the plasma CMPF levels in 10 healthy women who consumed 1 gram of pure eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), or docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or olive oil daily for 6 days, in a cross-over study. The supplemented omega 3 fatty acids contained no detectable levels of furan fatty acids. The plasma CMPF and omega 3 fatty acid levels were measured by LC-MS/MS. Consumption of pure omega 3 fatty acids led to a significant increase in the plasma CMPF levels, but not with olive oil (from 1.6 to 2.5-fold compared with baseline). The plasma free fatty acid levels of EPA, DPA and DHA also increased significantly when they were supplemented (p < 0.05). Significant positive correlations existed between the plasma free fatty acid DPA and DHA levels (p < 0.05 and r = +0.49 to +0.81), but not between the EPA and CMPF levels. These data suggest that purified long chain omega 3 fatty acids may be precursors of CMPF; however the metabolic pathway(s) from omega 3 fatty acids to CMPF remain to be elucidated.

5.
Comput Biol Chem ; 85: 107241, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120300

RESUMO

The resistances of matrix protein 2 (M2) protein inhibitors and neuraminidase inhibitors for influenza virus have attracted much attention and there is an urgent need for new drug. The antiviral drugs that selectively act on RNA polymerase are less prone to resistance and possess fewer side effects on the patient. Therefore, there is increased interest in screening compounds that can inhibit influenza virus RNA polymerase. Three natural compounds were found by using molecular docking-based virtual screening, which could bind tightly within the polymerase acidic protein-polymerase basic protein 1 (PA-PB1) subunit of influenza virus polymerase. Firstly, their drug likeness properties were evaluated, which showed that the hepatotoxicity values of all the three compounds indicating they had less or no hepatotoxicity, and did not have the plasma protein biding (PPB) ability, the three compounds needed to be modified in some aspects, like bulky molecular size. The stability of the complexes of PA-hits was validated through molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, revealing compound 2 could form more stable complex with PA subunit. The torsional conformations of each rotatable bond of the ligands in PA subunit were also monitored, to investigate variation in the ligand properties during the simulation, compound 3 had fewer rotatable bonds, indicating that the molecule had stronger rigidity. The bar charts of protein-ligand contacts and contacts over the course of trajectory showed that four key residues (Glu623, Lys643, Asn703 and Trp706) of PA subunit that participated in hydrogen-bond, water bridge and hydrophobic interactions with the hit compounds. Finally, the binding free energy and contributed energies were calculated by using MM-GBSA method. Out of the three compounds, compound 1 showed the lowest total binding free energy. Among all the interactions, the contribution of the covalent binding and the van der Waals energy were more than other items, compound 1 formed more stable hydrogen bonds with the residues of PA subunit binding pocket. This study smoothed the path for the development of novel lead compounds with improved binding properties, high drug likeness, and low toxicity to humans for the treatment of influenza, which provided a good basis for further research on novel and effective influenza virus PA-PB1 interaction inhibitors.

6.
Life Sci ; : 117553, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194081

RESUMO

AIMS: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is associated with ulcerative colitis development. However, the mechanism of EZH2 in ulcerative colitis progression remains unclear. MAIN METHODS: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated Caco-2 cells and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-treated mice were used as model of ulcerative colitis. The levels of EZH2, angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) were tested via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Cell viability and apoptosis was measured via 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide or flow cytometry. The abundances of inflammatory cytokines were examined via qRT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The association between EZH2 and ANGPTL4 was explored via chromatin immunoprecipitation. The colon damage in DSS-treated mice was investigated by colon length, histological analysis, inflammatory response and apoptosis. KEY FINDINGS: LPS induced viability inhibition, inflammatory response and apoptosis in Caco-2 cells. EZH2 expression was increased but ANGPTL4 and CREB1 levels were decreased in LPS-challenged Caco-2 cells. Overexpression of ANGPTL4 or CREB1 suppressed LPS-induced damage in Caco-2 cells. EZH2 could target ANGPTL4 to mediate CREB1 expression. Inhibition of EZH2 suppressed LPS-caused injury. Moreover, knockdown of ANNGPTL4 or CREB1 attenuated the role of EZH2 inhibition. DSS caused the reduced colon length and increased inflammatory response as well as apoptosis. EZH2 expression was up-regulated but ANGPTL4 and CREB1 expression were down-regulated in DSS-treated mice. SIGNIFICANCE: Inhibition of EZH2 declined LPS-induced injury in Caco-2 cells by mediating ANGPTL4 and CREB1, indicating the potential of EZH2 in treatment of ulcerative colitis.

7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(3): 188-93, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of medicated thread moxibustion of Zhuang Minority medicine on helper T cell 17 (Th17)/ Interleukin-17F(IL-17F) signaling pathway in ulcerative colitis (UC) rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of UC. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, medication and medicated thread moxibustion (MTM) groups, with 10 rats in each group. The UC model was induced by free drinking of 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 10 d. After successful modeling, rats of the medication group were treated by gavage of salazosulfapyridine (SASP). Medicated thread moxibustion was applied to unilateral "Tianshu" (ST25) and "Qihai" (CV6) alternatively for rats of the MTM group, once daily for 14 d. The body mass, stool shape, and fecal occult test were recorded and conducted daily to perform disease activity index (DAI) score. H.E. staining was used to display pathological changes of the colon tissue. The Th17 cells and IL-17F and retinoic acid related orphan receptor γ t (ROR-γt) in the colon tissue were detected by flow cytometry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively, and the expression levels of RORγt and IL-17F mRNA in colon tissue were detected by quantitive real-time PCR. RESULTS: After modeling, the DAI score, colonic Th17 percentage, RORγt and IL-17F contents, and RORγt and IL-17F mRNA expression were significantly increased in the model group in contrast to the normal control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Following the intervention, all the aforementioned indexes were reversed in both medication and MTM groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the medication and MTM groups in the levels of the above mentioned indexes (P>0.05, except RORγt and IL-17F mRNA expression). H.E. staining showed disappearance of goblet cells, infiltration of a large number of inflammatory cells, exfoliation of the epithelial tissue and edema of colonic mucosal in rats of the model group, which was relatively milder in both medication and MTM groups. CONCLUSION: Medicated thread moxibustion of Zhuang Minority medicine can reduce the inflammatory damage of colon tissue in UC rats, which is associated with its effects in suppressing the expression of RORγt, production of Th17 cells, and secretion of pro-inflammatory factor IL-17F in colon tissue.

8.
iScience ; 23(3): 100935, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146328

RESUMO

Many cancer vaccines are not successful in clinical trials, mainly due to the challenges associated with breaking immune tolerance. Herein, we report a new strategy using an adjuvant-protein-antigen (three-in-one protein conjugates with built-in adjuvant) as an anticancer vaccine, in which both the adjuvant (small-molecule TLR7 agonist) and tumor-associated antigen (mucin 1, MUC1) are covalently conjugated to the same carrier protein (BSA). It is shown that the protein conjugates with built-in adjuvant can increase adjuvant's stimulation, prevent adjuvant's systemic toxicities, facilitate the codelivery of adjuvants and antigens, and enhance humoral and cellular immune responses. The IgG antibody titers elicited by the self-adjuvanting three-in-one protein conjugates were significantly higher than those elicited by the vaccine mixed with TLR7 agonist (more than 15-fold) or other traditional adjuvants. Importantly, the potent immune responses against cancer cells suggest that this new vaccine construct is an effective strategy for the personalized antitumor immunotherapy.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112424

RESUMO

Imatinib was the first BCR-ABL inhibitor used in clinical practice to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and significantly improve the life expectancy of CML patients in the chronic phase. However, a portion of CML patients are resistant to imatinib. This study aimed to determine whether menadione (Vitamin K3) can improve imatinib efficacy in CML and to thoroughly explore the combination regimen mechanism between imatinib and menadione. Menadione improved imatinib efficacy in K562 cells by downregulating ABCB1 expression and increased the intracellular concentration of imatinib, which confirmed that this combination regimen is more effective than imatinib monotherapy. The results demonstrate that menadione and imatinib combination therapy may be a promising approach to refractory CML.

10.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(2): 323-326, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present molecular cytogenetic characterization of mosaic supernumerary ring chromosome 8 which has trisomy of a region of chromosome 8p12-q21.13 associated with congenital hypoplasia of the tongue and review of the literature. CASE REPORT: A 27 year-old woman presented with congenital hypoplasia of the tongue. The chromosome karyotype of peripheral blood lymphocytes was detected by conventional cytogenetic analysis. The genome copy number variations were detected by SNP array. Conventional cytogenetic analysis of the peripheral blood revealed a karyotype of 47,XX,+mar[60]/46,XX[40]. SNP array revealed that there was a duplication of 45.2 Mb at arr[hg19] 8p12q21.13(36,013,636-81,263,140) × 2-3. CONCLUSION: With this study a patient involving mosaic trisomy 8p12-q21.13 along with clinical properties, is described and compared to previously reported cases involving a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) derived from chromosome 8.

11.
Org Lett ; 22(7): 2816-2821, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186883

RESUMO

To date, the iron-catalyzed construction of C-heteroatom bonds has been less developed due to the difficulty of transmetalation with heteroatom anions and the sluggish reductive elimination. Herein we report an iron-catalyzed method for the silylation of (hetero)aromatic chlorides. It features high efficiency, a broad substrate scope, and excellent functional group compatibility. Moreover, this protocol enables the late-stage silylation of some pharmaceuticals, thus providing an excellent method to access valuable intermediates in medicinal chemistry.

12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(1): 93-6, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115933

RESUMO

Acupuncture has a significant effect on promoting fracture healing. It can dredge meridians and collaterals, regulate qi and blood, eliminate swelling and remove stasis. However, its mechanism is still not fully elucidated. With the development of research, it has been found in recent years that the mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion promoting fracture healing involves regulating the expression level of cell growth factor, activating Wnt/ß-Catenin and other signal pathways, improving local blood circulation, affecting the content of mineral elements in bone, regulating the endocrine system, promoting the differentiation and proliferation of bone cells, promoting the proliferation and activation of osteoblasts and influencing the apoptosis of bone cells And so on. The mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion promoting fracture healing is very complex, which is still at the level of animal experiments and cells.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Consolidação da Fratura
13.
Hepatology ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155285

RESUMO

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major complication of liver transplantation, resection and hemorrhagic shock. Hypoxia is a key pathological event associated with IR injury. miR-210 has been characterized as a micromanager of hypoxia pathway. However, its function and mechanism in hepatic IR injury is unknown. In this study, we found miR-210 was induced in liver tissues from patients subjected to IR related surgeries. In a murine model of hepatic IR, the level of miR-210 was increased in hepatocytes but not in nonparenchymal cells. miR-210 deficiency remarkably alleviated liver injury, cell inflammatory responses and cell death in a mouse hepatic IR model. In vitro, inhibition of miR-210 decreased HR-induced cell apoptosis of primary hepatocytes and LO2 cells, whereas overexpression of miR-210 increased cells apoptosis during HR. Mechanistically, miR-210 directly suppressed SMAD4 expression under normoxia and hypoxia condition by directly binding to the 3' UTR of SMAD4. The pro-apoptotic effect of miR-210 was alleviated by SMAD4, while sh-SMAD4 abrogated the anti-apoptotic role of miR-210 inhibition in primary hepatocytes. Further studies demonstrated that hypoxia-induced SMAD4 transported into nucleus, in which SMAD4 directly bound to the promoter of miR-210 and transcriptionally induced miR-210, thus forming a negative feedback loop with miR-210. Our study implicates a crucial role of miR-210-SMAD4 interaction in hepatic IR-induced cell death and provides a promising therapeutic approach for liver IR injury.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4383, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127630

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 92, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most frequent pediatric retinal tumor. In the present study, to elucidate chemoresistance mechanisms and identify potential biomarkers in RB, we utilized RNA sequencing (RNAseq) technological platforms to reveal transcriptome profiles and identify any differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between an etoposide drug-resistant subline (Y79/EDR) and parental Y79 cells. METHODS: To test whether Y79/EDR cells showed resistance to antineoplastic agents for RB, we treated the cells with etoposide, carboplatin and vincristine and analyzed them with a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Y79/EDR and parental Y79 cells were used for RNAseq and bioinformatics analysis to enable a genome-wide review of DEGs between the two lines using the DESeq R package (1.10.1). Then, DEG enrichment in Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways was analyzed with KOBAS software. Next, real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (real time QRT-PCR) and cytotoxicity assays were performed to experimentally and functionally validate the identified candidate biomarkers. RESULTS: Y79/EDR cells showed resistance to etoposide, carboplatin and vincristine at different concentrations. In total, 524 transcripts were differentially expressed in Y79/EDR cells based on analysis of fragments per kilobase of transcript per million fragments mapped (FPKM); among these, 57 genes were downregulated and 467 genes were upregulated in Y79/EDR cells compared to parental Y79 cells. We selected candidate DEGs, including ARHGAP9, HIST1H4H, RELN, DDIT4, HK2, STC1 and PFKFB4, for mRNA expression validation with real time QRT-PCR assays and found that the expression levels determined by real time QRT-PCR were consistent with the RNAseq data. Further studies involving downregulation of ARHGAP9 with a specific siRNA showed that ARHGAP9 altered the cellular sensitivity of Y79 cells to etoposide and carboplatin. CONCLUSION: Our initial findings provided a genomic view of the transcription profiles of etoposide-induced acquired resistance in RB. Follow-up studies indicated that ARHGAP9 might be a chemoresistance biomarker in RB, providing insight into potential therapeutic targets for overcoming acquired chemoresistance in RB. These findings can aid in understanding and overcoming chemoresistance during treatment of RB in the clinic.

16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139897

RESUMO

Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinease-1 (SGK1) is a serine/threonine kinase regulated by hypotonic stimuli, which is involved in regulation of cell cycle and apoptosis. Our previous study shows that activation of volume-regulated Cl- channels (VRCCs) protects rat basilar artery smooth muscle cells (BASMCs) against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether SGK1 was involved in the protective effect of VRCCs in BASMCs. We showed that hypotonic challenge significantly reduced H2O2-induced apoptosis, and increased SGK1 phosphorylation, but did not affect SGK1 protein expression. The protective effect of hypotonic challenge against H2O2-induced apoptosis was mediated through inhibiting mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway, evidenced by increased Bcl-2/Bax ratio, stabilizing mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), decreased cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm, and inhibition of the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3. These protective effects of hypotonic challenge against H2O2-induced apoptosis was diminished and enhanced, respectively, by SGK1 knockdown and overexpression. We further revealed that SGK1 activation significantly increased forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) phosphorylation, and then inhibited the translocation of FOXO3a into nucleus and the subsequent expression of Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim). In conclusion, SGK1 mediates the protective effect of VRCCs against H2O2-induced apoptosis in BASMCs via inhibiting FOXO3a/Bim signaling pathway. Our results provide compelling evidences that SGK1 is a critical link between VRCCs and apoptosis, and shed a new light on the treatment of vascular apoptosis-associated diseases, such as vascular remodeling, angiogenesis, and atherosclerosis.

18.
Bioinformatics ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145009

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Predicting potential links in biomedical bipartite networks can provide useful insights into the diagnosis and treatment of complex diseases and the discovery of novel drug targets. Computational methods have been proposed recently to predict potential links for various biomedical bipartite networks. However, existing methods are usually rely on the coverage of known links, which may encounter difficulties when dealing with new nodes without any known link information. RESULTS: In this study, we propose a new link prediction method, named graph regularized generalized matrix factorization (GRGMF), to identify potential links in biomedical bipartite networks. First, we formulate a generalized matrix factorization model to exploit the latent patterns behind observed links. In particular, it can take into account the neighborhood information of each node when learning the latent representation for each node, and the neighborhood information of each node can be learned adaptively. Second, we introduce two graph regularization terms to draw support from affinity information of each node derived from external databases to enhance the learning of latent representations. We conduct extensive experiments on six real datasets. Experiment results show that GRGMF can achieve competitive performance on all these datasets, which demonstrate the effectiveness of GRGMF in prediction potential links in biomedical bipartite networks. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The package is available at https://github.com/happyalfred2016/GRGMF. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

19.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(6): 935-946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140063

RESUMO

Lymphoma is a malignant disease of the hematopoietic system that typically affects B cells. The up-regulation of miR-148b is associated with radiosensitization in B-cell lymphoma (BCL). This study aimed to explore the role of miR-148b in regulating the radiosensitivity of BCL cells and to investigate the underlying mechanism. miR-148b directly targeted Bcl-w, decreased the cell viability and colony formation, while promoted apoptosis, in irradiated BCL cells. These changes were accompanied by decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome C, increased levels of the cleaved caspase 9 and caspase 3, and increased expression of other proteins related to the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. These effects of miR-148b were effectively inhibited by Bcl-w. In addition, miR-148b inhibited the growth of tumors in nude mice implanted with xenografts of irradiated Raji cells. In patients with BCL, levels of miR-148b were downregulated, while levels of Bcl-w were upregulated; a significant negative correlation between levels of miR-148b and Bcl-w was confirmed. Taken together, these experiments showed that miR-148b promoted radiation-induced apoptosis in BCL cells by targeting anti-apoptotic Bcl-w. miR-148b might be used as a marker to predict the radiosensitivity of BCL.

20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 194: 112253, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222678

RESUMO

The prevention and control of plant diseases and insect pests is the most crucial issue facing crop protection. To discover novel pesticide candidates with diverse chemical structures from natural products, a series of luotonin A analogues were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their antifungal and insecticidal activities. Most of these compounds exhibited potent activity against Botrytis cinerea, Magnaporthe oryzae and Aphis craccivora. Among them, the antifungal activity of compound 10s against B. cinerea was comparable to azoxystrobin (EC50 = 0.09 mM) and against M. oryzae (EC50 = 0.19 mM) was slightly weaker than that of azoxystrobin (EC50 = 0.17 mM). Compounds 10k and 10o are the most active compounds against A. craccivora having identical mortality value of 42.05% at 50 µg/mL, respectively, which were slightly lower than pymetrozine (51.14%) at the same concentration. Revealed morphological changes of the fungal cell surface by scanning electron microscopy indicated that luotonin A analogues might exert their antifungal activity by destroying fungal cell membrane and cell wall. Furthermore, the results of the in vivo protective and curative activities of the compound 10s against S. sclerotiorum and B. cinerea showed that the curative effect was stronger than its protective effect and the curative effects reached 67.17% and 73.82% at 80 µg/mL respectively. The above results further demonstrated the potential of luotonin A analogues as novel fungicides and insecticides.

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