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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502822

RESUMO

A cationic COF (CCOF) was imported to afford stable proton conductive material while the positively charged CCOF can constrain the inorganic anion groups into the framework through an ion exchange process. The inorganic anions could play the role of proton donors to provide a rich source of protons, as well as the proton acceptors for proton transmission, thus forming an interlinked proton conduction pathway within the framework. The proton conductivities of COF materials loaded with different anions have been improved to varying degrees, and the conductivity of H2PO4-@CCOF is up to 3.86 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 100 °C.

2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1207: 339461, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491033

RESUMO

Flexible biosensors have aroused research enthusiasm due to their potential for in situ quantification of chemical constituents in the human body, which perform a vital function in health monitoring and disease diagnosis. Especially, flexible electrochemical biosensors based on different advanced nanomaterials combine the merits of electrochemical analysis with unique structural/chemical properties of flexible electrode materials, and have exhibited excellent performance for in situ biomarkers detection toward different biological samples. These flexible electrochemical sensors can be integrated into implantable/wearable devices, which demonstrate great promise in invasive/noninvasive in-situ analysis. Consequently, the development of flexible electrochemical biosensors is of great significance for both scientific research and clinical application. In this review, we focus on the state-of-the-art progress in flexible electrochemical biosensors integrated with a wide spectrum of nanomaterials, which are aimed at in situ sensitive detection of small molecule metabolites in different biological specimens including live cells, tissues, body fluids (e.g., human blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and interstitial fluid (ISF)), and exudate secretion liquors (e.g., human saliva, tear, sweat, and urine). From the perspectives of flexible electrochemical biosensors toward different biological samples, we discuss their innovations in nanomaterials with diverse structures. We also introduce the research status of integrated flexible implantable and wearable electrochemical sensing devices with various types and functionalities for practical application. Furthermore, we share our opinions on the recent progress of flexible electrochemical sensors based on nanomaterials and look forward to applying flexible electrochemical sensors in medical diagnosis and healthcare.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanoestruturas , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Eletrodos , Humanos , Suor/química
3.
Proteins ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514069

RESUMO

The revelation of protein folding is a challenging subject in both discovery and description. Except for acquirement of accurate 3D structure in protein stable state, another big hurdle is how to discover structural flexibility for protein innate character. Even if a huge number of flexible conformations are known, difficulty is how to represent these conformations. A novel approach, protein structure fingerprint, has been developed to expose the comprehensive local folding variations, and then construct folding conformations for entire protein. The backbone of 5 amino acid residues was identified as a universal folden, and then a set of Protein Folding Shape Code (PFSC) was derived for completely covering folding space in alphabetic description. Sequentially, a database was created to collect all possible folding shapes of local folding variations for all permutation of 5 amino acids. Successively, Protein Folding Variation Matrix (PFVM) assembled all possible local folding variations along sequence for a protein, which possesses several prominent features. First, it showed the fluctuation with certain folding patterns along sequence which revealed how the protein folding was related the order of amino acids in sequence. Second, all folding variations for an entire protein can be simultaneously apprehended at a glance within PFVM. Third, all conformations can be determined by local folding variations from PFVM, so total number of conformations is no longer ambiguous for any protein. Finally, the most possible folding conformation and its 3D structure can be acquired according PFVM for protein structure prediction. Therefore, the protein structure fingerprint approach provides a significant means for investigation of protein folding problem.

4.
Plant Physiol ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522008

RESUMO

Conjugation of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) peptide to target proteins is an important post-translational modification. SAP AND MIZ1 DOMAIN- CONTAINING LIGASE1 (MdSIZ1) is an apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) SUMO E3 ligase that mediates sumoylation of its targets during plant growth and development under adverse environmental conditions. However, it is unclear how MdSIZ1 senses the various environmental signals and whether sumoylation is regulated at the transcriptional level. In this study, we analyzed the MdSIZ1 promoter and found that it contained an MBS (MYB Binding Site) motif that was essential for the response of MdSIZ1 to low temperature and drought. Subsequently, we used yeast one-hybridization screening to demonstrate that a MYB transcription factor, MdMYB2, directly bound to the MBS motif in the MdSIZ1 promoter. Phenotypic characterization of MdMYB2 and MdSIZ1 suggested that the expression of both MdMYB2 and MdSIZ1 substantially improved cold tolerance in plants. MdMYB2 was induced by low temperature and further activated the expression of MdSIZ1, thereby promoting the sumoylation of MdMYB1, a key regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis in apple. MdMYB2 promoted anthocyanin accumulation in apple fruits, apple calli, and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) in an MdSIZ1-dependent manner. In addition, the interaction of MdMYB2 and the MdSIZ1 promoter substantially improved plant tolerance to cold stress. Taken together, our findings reveal an important role for transcriptional regulation of sumoylation and provide insights into plant anthocyanin biosynthesis regulation mechanisms and stress response.

5.
Front Immunol ; 13: 833699, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514958

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease with heterogeneous clinical manifestations and the pathogenesis of SLE is still unclear. Various omics results have been reported for SLE, but the molecular hallmarks of SLE, especially in patients with different disease activity, using an integrated multi-omics approach have not been fully investigated. Here, we collected blood samples from 10 healthy controls (HCs) and 40 SLE patients with different clinical activity including inactive (IA), low activity (LA), and high activity (HA). Using an integrative analysis of proteomic, metabolomic and lipidomic profiles, we report the multi-omics landscape for SLE. The molecular changes suggest that both the complement system and the inflammatory response were activated in SLEs and were associated with disease activity. Additionally, activation of the immunoglobulin mediated immune response were observed in the LA stage of the disease, however this immune response was suppressed slightly in the HA stage. Finally, an imbalance in lipid metabolism, especially in sphingolipid metabolism, accompanied with dysregulated apolipoproteins were observed to contribute to the disease activity of SLE. The multi-omics data presented in this study and the characterization of peripheral blood from SLE patients may thus help provide important clues regarding the pathogenesis of SLE.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Proteômica , Humanos , Metabolômica/métodos
6.
J Oncol ; 2022: 2967981, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518786

RESUMO

Tumors of the gastrointestinal system, known as gastroenteropapillary neoplasms, are very uncommon yet have a high propensity to progress to cancer. Thromboembolism of the veins (VTE) is a potentially deadly complication of surgery. In the vast majority of cases, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities is the primary symptom of VTE (DVT). Deep vein thrombosis is more common in critical care units, where the prevalence ranges from 18 to 50 percent. DVT is a common complication after gastrointestinal tumor surgery, and proper nursing care is essential to lowering the risk of VTE. This research was thus done to examine if intensive nursing interventions may reduce the risk of lower limb DVT in elderly patients who had undergone surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies. The data is separated into two categories: control and treatment. As a self-care theory-based intervention strategy, we propose a hybridized KAP (knowledge, attitude, and practice) approach. Using the twin-bound decision tree algorithm (TBDTA), clinical outcomes including survival and patient satisfaction are examined. There was a considerable improvement in the treatment of DVT compared to the control group and a decrease in typical postoperative conditions. The bundles of care treatment have made a significant increase in the quality of nursing care.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35552653

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To define the pattern of body composition and alteration after treatment of patients with newly diagnosed idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: DXA was used to obtain regional and whole-body measurements of fat mass (FM) and lean tissue mass (LTM) in 50 patients with newly diagnosed IIM and matched controls. The DXA indices of FM and LTM were calculated. The analyses included correlations between DXA indices and clinical parameters (manual muscle test [MMT], myositis damage index [MDI], myositis intention-to-treat activities index [MITAX], handgrip, percentage forced vital capacity [%FVC], and creatine kinase level), comparison between patients with IIM and controls, comparison between IIM subgroups, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and comparison of body composition before and after treatment. RESULTS: DXA LTM measurements were significantly correlated with MMT, MDI-muscle, handgrip strength, and %FVC. Patients with IIM had decreased LTM of the upper limbs and appendicular region. Male patients with IIM had significantly decreased LTM in the upper and lower limbs, whereas female patients with IIM had significantly decreased LTM in the upper limbs. Patients with IIM with anti-SRP seropositivity had lower LTM than patients with anti-SRP seronegativity. In ROC analysis, the DXA LTM indices presented good diagnostic values for distinguishing patients with newly diagnosed IIM from healthy controls. After treatment, the LTM of the upper limbs and appendicular region significantly increased. CONCLUSION: DXA is an attractive method for the evaluation of patients with newly diagnosed IIM as well as a new way of monitoring disease conditions.

8.
Gene ; : 146558, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569773

RESUMO

Amino acid permeases (AAPs) play important roles in plant amino acid transport and nitrogen metabolism. In this study, we carried a comprehensive analysis for apple genes encoding AAPs using bioinformatics and molecular biology. Eleven MdAAPs were identified by a genome-wide search and comparative genomic analysis revealed relatively conserved gene composition, transmembrane characteristics, and protein structures. Phylogenetic tree construction and analysis of the conserved motifs of MdAAPs and AtAAPs showed that AAPs can be classified into three groups (I, II, and III). We compared the promoters of the identified genes and did gene functional annotation and qRT-PCR and found a relationship between apple AAPs and nitrogen deficiency. The expression profile data implied that MdAAPs exhibit diversified distributions and functions in different tissues.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 841458, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572679

RESUMO

Chemotherapeutic agents, such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin (Oxi), can not only kill the cancer cell but also influence the proliferation of gut microbiota; however, the interaction between these drugs and gut microbiota remains poorly understood. In this study, we developed a powerful framework for taxonomy composition and genomic variation analysis to investigate the mutagenesis effect and proliferation influence of chemotherapeutic agents, such as 5-FU and Oxi, on gut microbiota and the interaction between these drugs and gut microbiota during chemotherapy. Using the gut microbiome data, we detected 1.45 million variations among the chemotherapy groups and found the drugs significantly affected mutation signatures of gut microbiota. Oxi notably increased transversion rate, whereas 5-FU reduced the rate. Traits related to cell division and nutrient mobilization showed evidence of strong selection pressure from chemotherapeutic agents. In addition, drug-associated bacteriome shift patterns and functional alterations were found: the metabolism changes in the 5-FU group implied that gut microbiota could provide additional nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) to inhibit cancer cell autophagy; in the Oxi group, the ribosome and lysine biosynthesis genes were obviously enriched. Our study provides a blueprint for characterizing the role of microbes and drug-microbe interaction in the gut microbiota response to chemotherapy.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(4): 1109-1117, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543066

RESUMO

In order to understand the effects of lucerne cropping rotation on the bacterial community of loess soil, a long-term field experiment was conducted in rain-fed agricultural area of Loess Plateau. The cropping systems included continuous lucerne (Medicago sativa, LC), lucerne removed and rotated with spring wheat (Triticum aestivum, LFW), lucerne removed and rotated with corn (Zea mays, LFC), lucerne removed and rotated with potato (Solanum tuberosum, LP), and lucerne removed and rotated with continuous millet (Panicum miliaceum, LM). Based on 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing technology, we investigated soil bacterial community structure and diversity in different cropping systems, and predicted ecological function using PICRUSt method. The results showed that the dominant phyla of loess soil bacteria were Actinomycetes (20.3%-32.0%), Proteobacteria (19.2%-23.0%), Acidobacteria (12.4%-14.2%) and Chloroflexus (11.0%-12.7%). The dominant genus was Bacillus (1.9%) in lucerne-corn system and Pseudarthrobacter (2.5%) in other treatments. Rotation with annual crops decreased the relative abundance of Actinobacteria and increased that of Chloroflexi and Firmicutes. Redundancy analysis showed that the main soil factors driving soil bacterial community structure were nitrate, ammonium, and total nitrogen. PICRUSt function prediction results showed that metabolism (78.6%-79.1%) was the main function of soil bacterial communities in loess soil. Rotation with continued annual crops significantly decreased the abundance of soil bacterial carbohydrate metabolism functional genes, and significantly increased the abundance of functional genes for soil bacterial cofactors and vitamin metabolism, neurodegenerative diseases, and immune system. In conclusion, lucerne removed and rotated with continuous annual crops changed soil bacterial community structure and ecological functions. This study provided theoretical reference to explore succession characteristics of soil bacteria and to select succeeding crops for alfalfa in loess soil.

11.
Nano Lett ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522819

RESUMO

Nanomechanical resonators based on atomic layers of tungsten diselenide (WSe2) offer intriguing prospects for enabling novel sensing and signal processing functions. The frequency scaling law of such resonant devices is critical for designing and realizing these high-frequency circuit components. Here, we elucidate the frequency scaling law for WSe2 nanomechanical resonators by studying devices of one-, two-, three-, to more than 100-layer thicknesses and different diameters. We observe resonant responses in both mechanical limits and clear elastic transition in between, revealing intrinsic material properties and devices parameters such as Young's modulus and pretension. We further demonstrate a broad frequency tuning range (up to 230%) with a high tuning efficiency (up to 23% V-1). Such tuning efficiency is among the highest in resonators based on two-dimensional (2D) layered materials. Our findings can offer important guidelines for designing high-frequency WSe2 resonant devices.

12.
Org Lett ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532347

RESUMO

Direct electrocarboxylation of various N-acylimines with atmospheric CO2 is achieved in an undivided cell under mild conditions, affording substituted α-amino acids in yields of 62-95%. This reaction is conducted with high efficiency using triethanolamine as an external reductant under nonsacrificial anode conditions, and can be facilely performed on gram scale. Preliminary mechanistic studies including cyclic voltammetry and control experiments support N-radical carbanion as the key intermediate.

13.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on implant osseointegration of titanium screws. METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly divided into a DM group and a control group (each group, n = 30). DM group rats were injected with 1% Streptozotocin solution at 65 mg/kg to establish a DM model. Titanium screws were implanted into the rats' distal femurs in both groups. The rats were sacrificed for micro-CT scanning, micro-indentation, biomechanical detection, confocal Raman microspectroscopy, and histological and histomorphometric analysis at 4, 8, and 12 weeks post-implantation, respectively. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and protein expression of the related growth factors around the implant were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blots. RESULTS: At 4, 8 and 12 weeks, micro-CT scanning, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, Gieson's acid-magenta staining, and fluorescent labeled staining showed disorder in the bone tissue arrangement, a lack of new bone tissue, poor maturity and continuity, and poor trabecular bone parameters around the implant in the DM group. At 4, 8, and 12 weeks, the interfacial bone binding rate in the DM group was significantly lower (16.2% ± 4.8%, 25.7% ± 5.7%, 42.5% ± 5.8%, respectively) than that in the control group (23.6% ± 5.2%, 40.8% ± 6.3%, 64.2% ± 7.3%, respectively; P < 0.05). At 8 and 12 weeks, the elastic modulus (17.0 ± 1.8 and 15.1 ± 1.5 GPa, respectively) and trabecular bone hardness (571 ± 39 and 401 ± 37 MPa, respectively) in the DM group were significantly lower than the elastic modulus (23.4 ± 2.3 and 23.8 ± 1.8 GPa, respectively) and trabecular bone hardness (711 ± 45 and 719 ± 46 MPa, respectively) in the control group (P < 0.05). The maximum load required for the prosthesis pull-out experiment in the DM group at 4, 8, and 12 weeks (55.14 ± 6.74 N, 73.34 ± 8.43 N, and 83.45 ± 8.32 N, respectively) was significantly lower than that in the control group (77.45 ± 7.48 N, 93.28 ± 8.29 N, and 123.62 ± 9.43 N, respectively, P < 0.05). At 8 and 12 weeks, the mineral-to-collagen ratio in the DM group (6.56 % ± 1.35% and 4.45%± 1.25%, respectively) was significantly higher than that in the control group (5.31% ± 1.42% and 3.62% ± 1.33%, respectively, P < 0.05). At 12 weeks, mRNA and protein expression levels of bone morphogenetic protein 2, transforming growth factor-ß1, vascular endothelial growth factor, osteopontin, osteocalcin, and runt-related transcription factor 2 in the DM group were significantly lower than that in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: DM can negatively affect bone osseointegration, manifesting as disorder in bone tissue arrangement around the implant, a lack of new bone tissue, poor maturity and continuity, poor trabecular bone parameters and lower expression of the related growth factors.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 854798, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425700

RESUMO

Objective: Even though childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has an encouraging survival rate in recent years, some patients are still at risk of relapse or even death. Therefore, we aimed to construct a nomogram to predict event-free survival (EFS) in patients with ALL. Method: Children with newly diagnosed ALL between October 2016 and July 2021 from 18 hospitals participating in the South China children's leukemia Group (SCCLG) were recruited and randomly classified into two subsets in a 7:3 ratio (training set, n=1187; validation set, n=506). Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox regression analysis were adopted to screen independent prognostic factors. Then, a nomogram can be build based on these prognostic factors to predict 1-, 2-, and 3-year EFS. Concordance index (C-index), area under the curve (AUC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the performance and clinical utility of nomogram. Result: The parameters that predicted EFS were age at diagnosis, white blood cell at diagnosis, immunophenotype, ETV6-RUNX1/TEL-AML1 gene fusion, bone marrow remission at day 15, and minimal residual disease at day 15. The nomogram incorporated the six factors and provided C-index values of 0.811 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.792-0.830] and 0.797 (95% CI = 0.769-0.825) in the training and validation set, respectively. The calibration curve and AUC revealed that the nomogram had good ability to predict 1-, 2-, and 3-year EFS. DCA also indicated that our nomogram had good clinical utility. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that EFS in the different risk groups stratified by the nomogram scores was significant differentiated. Conclusion: The nomogram for predicting EFS of children with ALL has good performance and clinical utility. The model could help clinical decision-making.

15.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 2365-2380, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444448

RESUMO

Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is a rare autoinflammatory disease characterized by dermatological disorders and osteoarticular inflammatory lesions. This article reviews the application of biologics and other treatments based on the therapeutic target and the size of molecules in SAPHO syndrome. We found that drugs, especially biologics, have different effects on bone, joint, and skin damage. This may relate to the different inflammatory pathways involved in the osteoarticular and cutaneous symptoms in SAPHO patients. In this study, we provide stratified medication recommendations for SAPHO syndrome. Patients with osteoarticular symptoms can consider tumor necrosis factor blockers, JAK inhibitor, interleukin (IL)-1 inhibitor, and IL-17 inhibitor. Patients with cutaneous symptoms should consider IL-17 and JAK inhibitors. Apremilast, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, and bisphosphonates are other effective treatments.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2106063, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470584

RESUMO

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) has a significant impact on quality of life, but the etiopathogenesis remains largely unknown. The bladder microenvironment of patients with IC/BPS to obtain biological evidence supporting diagnosis and novel therapy is systematically characterized. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and image mass cytometry (IMC) are applied to bladder biopsies of the IC/BPS cohort. A total of 42 distinct cell clusters are identified from different groups. The increased hyperactivated Th1-biased response, but not Th2-biased response, and decreased immunosuppressive Treg are elucidated in the bladder microenvironment of non-Hunner-type IC (NHIC)/Hunner-type IC (HIC). M2/M2-like macrophage extends in the HIC and M1-like macrophage extends in NHIC, all of which secrete a range of chemokines with different pattern. The pro-inflammatory mediators, TNF-α, produced by tissue-resident macrophages and IL6, by the inflammatory fibroblasts are identified as key mediators of IC/BPS pathogenesis. Additionally, a regulatory network between different cell types is observed as a shift from structural cell communication in unaffected normal bladder to a Macrophage-Endothelial-dominated interactome in NHIC/HIC. The results demonstrate the high heterogeneity in NHIC/HIC, and provide an essential resource for diagnosis, and treatment of IC/BPS in the future by highlighting the importance of the microenvironment of bladder mucosa.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476574

RESUMO

The single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technique begins a new era by revealing gene expression patterns at single-cell resolution, enabling studies of heterogeneity and transcriptome dynamics of complex tissues at single-cell resolution. However, existing large proportion of dropout events may hinder downstream analyses. Thus imputation of dropout events is an important step in analyzing scRNA-seq data. We develop scTSSR2, a new imputation method which combines matrix decomposition with the previously developed two-side sparse self-representation, leading to fast two-side sparse self-representation to impute dropout events in scRNA-seq data. The comparisons of computational speed and memory usage among different imputation methods show that scTSSR2 has distinct advantages in terms of computational speed and memory usage. Comprehensive downstream experiments show that scTSSR2 outperforms the state-of-the-art imputation methods. A user-friendly R package scTSSR2 is developed to denoise the scRNA-seq data to improve the data quality.

18.
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(17): 19480-19490, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446543

RESUMO

The ultrasensitive determination of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) is of great significance for their crucial roles in environmental and industrial harms together with the early detection of microbial corrosion. In this work, we report the development of highly efficient electrocatalysts, i.e., Cu2O-CuO extended hexapods (EHPs), which are wrapped on homemade freestanding graphene paper to construct a flexible paper electrode in the electrochemical sensing of the biomarker sulfide for SRB detection. Herein Cu2O-CuO EHPs have been synthesized via a highly controllable and facile approach at room temperature, where the redox centers of copper oxide nanoarchitectures are tuned via facet engineering, and then they are deposited on the graphene paper surface through an electrostatic adsorption to enable homogeneous and highly dense distribution. Owing to the synergistic contribution of high electrocatalytic activity from the Cu mixed oxidation states and abundant catalytically active facets of Cu2O-CuO EHPs and high electrical conductivity of the graphene paper electrode substrate, the resultant nanohybrid paper electrode has exhibited superb electrochemical sensing properties for H2S with a wide linear range up to 352 µM and an extremely low detection limit (LOD) of 0.1 nM with a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 (S/N = 3), as well as high sensitivity, stability, and selectivity. Furthermore, taking advantage of the good biocompatibility and mechanical flexibility, the electrochemical sensing platform based on the proposed electrode has been applied in the sensitive detection of SRB in environmental samples through the sensing of sulfide from SRB, which holds great promise for on-site and online corrosion and environmental monitoring.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite , Cobre/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Grafite/química , Oxirredução , Óxidos/química , Sulfetos
20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(4): 379-86, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of RUNX2 gene overexpression vector modified exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with calcium carbonate scaffold system in bone defect. METHODS: Rabbit BMSCs were used as the research object, and BMSCs were identified by flow cytometry. Construct RUNX2 gene overexpression vector, transfect BMSCs with lentivirus, and collect exosomes by ultracentrifugation. The morphology of exosomes was observed by transmission electron microscope, the expression of exosome marker CD63 was detected by Western blot, and the calcium carbonate scaffold was constructed by three chamber parallel automatic temperature control reaction system. According to whether the RUNX2 gene overexpression vector was transfected or not, the complex of BMSCs and calcium carbonate scaffold was divided into three groups, namely BMSCs group, RUNX2 overexpression group and exosome group. The osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was detected by oil red O staining and RT-PCR. There were 9 clean adult healthy male New Zealand white rabbits, aged (12.97±1.21) months, with a body weight of (19.3±3.6) kg, with 3 rabbits in each group. The animal model of skull defect was constructed by surgical method, and the repair of bone defect was evaluated by imaging, he staining and Masson staining. RESULTS: The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of CD29 protein, CD44 protein, CD11b protein and CD45 protein on the surface of BMSCs were 99.5%, 100%, 0.1% and 0.1%, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the exosomes were bilayer vesicles with a diameter of 50 to 150 nm. Western blot showed that the molecular marker CD63 of exosomes was positive. Oil red O staining showed that the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group (P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group (P<0.05). MSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group(P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with RUNX2 gene overexpression vector transfection, extraction of exosomes directly can promote the differentiation of BMSCs into osteoblasts more efficiently, and the combination with calcium carbonate scaffold can better promote the healing of bone defects. So as to provide new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of bone defects.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Animais , Carbonato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Coelhos
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