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1.
Elife ; 92020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223896

RESUMO

Myocardial insulin resistance contributes to heart failure in response to pathological stresses, therefore, a therapeutic strategy to maintain cardiac insulin pathways requires further investigation. We demonstrated that insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) was reduced in failing mouse hearts post-myocardial infarction (MI) and failing human hearts. The mice manifesting severe cardiac dysfunction post-MI displayed elevated mir128-3p in the myocardium. Ischemia-upregulated mir128-3p promoted Irs1 degradation. Using rat cardiomyocytes and human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, we elucidated that mitogen-activated protein kinase 7 (MAPK7, also known as ERK5)-mediated CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (CEBPß) transcriptionally represses mir128-3p under hypoxia. Therapeutically, functional studies demonstrated gene therapy-delivered cardiac-specific MAPK7 restoration or overexpression of CEBPß impeded cardiac injury after MI, at least partly due to normalization of mir128-3p. Furthermore, inhibition of mir128-3p preserved Irs1 and ameliorated cardiac dysfunction post-MI. In conclusion, we reveal that targeting mir128-3p mitigates myocardial insulin resistance, thereafter slowing down the progression of heart failure post-ischemia.

2.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 was first detected in Wuhan, Hubei, China. People of all ages are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection. No information on severe pediatric patients with COVID-19 has been reported. We aimed to describe the clinical features of severe pediatric patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We included eight severe or critically ill patients with COVID-19 who were treated at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 24 to February 24. We collected information including demographic data, symptoms, imaging data, laboratory findings, treatments and clinical outcomes of the patients with severe COVID-19. RESULTS: The onset age of the eight patients ranged from 2 months to 15 years; six were boys. The most common symptoms were polypnea (8/8), followed by fever (6/8) and cough (6/8). Chest imaging showed multiple patch-like shadows in seven patients and ground-glass opacity in six. Laboratory findings revealed normal or increased whole blood counts (7/8), increased C-reactive protein, procalcitonin and lactate dehydrogenase (6/8), and abnormal liver function (4/8). Other findings included decreased CD16 + CD56 (4/8) and Th/Ts*(1/8), increased CD3 (2/8), CD4 (4/8) and CD8 (1/8), IL-6 (2/8), IL-10 (5/8) and IFN-γ (2/8). Treatment modalities were focused on symptomatic and respiratory support. Two critically ill patients underwent invasive mechanical ventilation. Up to February 24, 2020, three patients remained under treatment in ICU, the other five recovered and were discharged home. CONCLUSIONS: In this series of severe pediatric patients in Wuhan, polypnea was the most common symptom, followed by fever and cough. Common imaging changes included multiple patch-like shadows and ground-glass opacity; and a cytokine storm was found in these patients, which appeared more serious in critically ill patients.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174013

RESUMO

Leptin is well acknowledged as an anorexigenic hormone that plays an important role in feeding control. Hypothalamic GABA system plays a significant role in leptin regulation on feeding and metabolism control. However, the pharmacological relationship of leptin and GABA receptor is still obscure. Therefore, we investigated the effect of leptin or combined with baclofen on the food intake in fasted mice. We detected the changes in hypothalamic c-Fos expression, hypothalamic TH, POMC and GAD67 expression, plasma insulin, POMC and GABA levels to demonstrate the mechanisms. We found that leptin inhibit fasting-induced increased food intake and activated hypothalamic neurons. The inhibitory effect on food intake induced by leptin in fasted mice can be reversed by pretreatment with baclofen. Baclofen reversed leptin's inhibition on c-Fos expression of PAMM in fasted mice. Therefore, these results indicate that leptin might inhibit fasting-triggered activation of PVN neurons via presynaptic GABA synaptic functions which might be partially blocked by pharmacological activating GABA-B. Our findings identify the role of leptin in the regulation of food intake.

4.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 4: 275-289, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213093

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To create a risk prediction model that identifies patients at high risk for a potentially preventable acute care visit (PPACV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We developed a risk model that used electronic medical record data from initial visit to first antineoplastic administration for new patients at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from January 2014 to September 2018. The final time-weighted least absolute shrinkage and selection operator model was chosen on the basis of clinical and statistical significance. The model was refined to predict risk on the basis of 270 clinically relevant data features spanning sociodemographics, malignancy and treatment characteristics, laboratory results, medical and social history, medications, and prior acute care encounters. The binary dependent variable was occurrence of a PPACV within the first 6 months of treatment. There were 8,067 observations for new-start antineoplastic therapy in our training set, 1,211 in the validation set, and 1,294 in the testing set. RESULTS: A total of 3,727 patients experienced a PPACV within 6 months of treatment start. Specific features that determined risk were surfaced in a web application, riskExplorer, to enable clinician review of patient-specific risk. The positive predictive value of a PPACV among patients in the top quartile of model risk was 42%. This quartile accounted for 35% of patients with PPACVs and 51% of potentially preventable inpatient bed days. The model C-statistic was 0.65. CONCLUSION: Our clinically relevant model identified the patients responsible for 35% of PPACVs and more than half of the inpatient beds used by the cohort. Additional research is needed to determine whether targeting these high-risk patients with symptom management interventions could improve care delivery by reducing PPACVs.

5.
Neuroscience ; 432: 247-259, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112918

RESUMO

The NOD-like receptor family Pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has a crucial role in the inflammatory process that occurs during intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced injury. Histone deacetylase 10 (HDAC10) is a newly identified class II histone deacetylase involved in immune responses. However, how HDAC10 affects the inflammatory response after ICH remains unknown. In this study, we investigated whether HDAC10 relieves ICH injury by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation through the protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) pathway. We induced ICH in Sprague-Dawley rats (healthy, male adult) with a single infusion of autologous blood. To knockdown HDAC10, we injected siRNA into the rats. To further explore the mechanisms underlying the role of HDAC10 in ICH injury, PTPN22 was silenced. HDAC10 levels were upregulated after ICH in humans and rats, and reached peak levels 24 h after ICH induction in rats. HDAC10 silencing aggravated ICH injury, as demonstrated by increased modified neurological severity scores, brain water content, Evans blue extravasation, and number of myeloperoxidase (MPO) cells, and the results of Nissl and H&E staining. Furthermore, HDAC10 knockdown increased the expression of PTPN22 and accentuated inflammatory responses mediated by the NLRP3 inflammasome. HDAC10 silencing increased NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and this was effectively reversed by PTPN22 knockdown using siRNA. Furthermore, HDAC10 silencing also promoted the interaction of PTPN22 and NLRP3. Our study demonstrated that HDAC10 silencing aggravated NLRP3-mediated inflammatory responses after ICH in rats via the PTPN22 pathway. These results suggest that regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome may be a novel method to ameliorate ICH injury.

6.
Vet Res ; 51(1): 39, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156309

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is an important food-borne parasitic zoonosis throughout the world. At present, the mechanisms of Trichinella spiralis infection remain unclear. Acquiring detailed information on the host-Trichinella interaction would be beneficial for the development of new strategies for trichinellosis control. Circulating miRNAs are stably detectable in the blood of humans and animals infected with parasites. Circulating miRNAs might regulate the expression of target genes in pathological responses during infection and might be novel potential biomarkers of parasitic diseases. In the present study, a total of ten differentially expressed circulating mouse miRNAs with |log2(fold change)| ≥ 1.0 and FDR < 0.01 were found during T. spiralis infection, of which five were upregulated and five were downregulated. GO and KEGG analyses showed that the target genes of the ten miRNAs were enriched in many signalling pathways, especially focal adhesion, MAPK pathway, and so on. The results of qRT-PCR showed that among the five upregulated miRNAs, mmu-miR-467a-3p and mmu-miR-467d-3p expression in mouse serum reached a peak at 30 days post-infection (dpi). The expression of mmu-miR-376b-3p and mmu-miR-664-3p increased significantly at 18 dpi and then decreased at 30 dpi. The expression of mmu-miR-292a-5p gradually decreased from 12 to 30 dpi. Among the 5 downregulated miRNAs, mmu-miR-199a-5p expression was significantly downregulated at 30 dpi, while the expression levels of the other four miRNAs (mmu-miR-455-5p, mmu-miR-125b-5p, mmu-miR-125a-5p, and mmu-miR-615-3p) were significantly lower compared with the control, showing a steady downregulation at different phases of infection. These findings will help to further understand the host-Trichinella interaction and provide promising serum biomarkers for trichinellosis.

8.
Fitoterapia ; 142: 104536, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145310

RESUMO

Commiphoins A-C (1-3), three new cadinane-type sesquiterpenes, together with two known cadinane-type sesquiterpenes (4 and 5) were isolated from the resinous exudates of Commiphora myrrha. Their structures and relative configurations were established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic methods, including HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR analyses. Compounds 1 and 3-5 were screened for anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activities using the AD pathological model in Caenorhabditis elegans. The results showed that they all had significant anti-AD activities.

9.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180083

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an agnogenic, rare, and lethal disease, with high mortality and poor prognosis and a median survival time as short as 3 to 5 years after diagnosis. No effective therapeutic drugs are still not available not only in clinical practice, but also in preclinical phases. To better and deeper understand pulmonary fibrosis will provide more effective strategies for therapy. Mounting evidence suggests that noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and their interactions may contribute to lung fibrosis; however, the mechanisms underlying their roles are largely unknown. In this review, we systematically summarized the recent advances regarding the crucial roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs) and crosstalk among them in the development of IPF. The perspective for related genes was well highlighted. In summary, ncRNA and their interactions play a key regulatory part in the progression of IPF and are bound to provide us with new diagnostic and therapeutic targets.

10.
Molecules ; 25(6)2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197466

RESUMO

Neochlorogenic acid (nCGA) is a phenolic compound isolated from mulberry leaf (Morus alba L.), which possesses multiple pharmacological activities containing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the role of nCGA in the treatment of acute pneumonia and the underlying molecular mechanism are still unclear. Hence, the aim of study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of nCGA on LPS-stimulated inflammation in A549 cells. In the present study, results reported that nCGA without cytotoxicity significantly reduced the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and NO, and further suppressed the proteins of iNOS, COX2, TNF-α, IL-6 expression. Furthermore, nCGA also inhibited NF-κB activation and blocked MAPKs signaling pathway phosphorylation. In addition, we found nCGA significantly increased the expression of HO-1 via activating the AMPK/Nrf2 signaling pathway to attenuate the inflammatory response, whereas this protective effect of nCGA was reversed by pre-treatment with compound C (C.C, an AMPK inhibitor). Therefore, all these results indicated that nCGA might act as a natural anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of acute pneumonia.

11.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 60, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis causes the vast majority of colorectal carcinoma (CRC)-related deaths. However, little is known about the specific traits and underlying mechanisms of metastasis-initiating cells in primary CRC. And whether or not circular RNAs (circRNAs) take part in this particular event remain not adequately stated yet. METHODS: A screening method based on Transwell assay was first applied to build CRC subgroups with different metastatic potential. High throughput RNA sequencing was used to find out novel metastatic drivers in CRC metastasis-initiating step. A series of in vitro and in vivo assays were further applied to elucidate the functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of circRNAs in CRC metastasis. RESULTS: A circRNA consisting of exon 8-11 of LONP2, termed as circLONP2, was upregulated in metastasis-initiating CRC subgroups. Aberrant higher expression of circLONP2 was observed in primary CRC tissues with established metastasis, and along the invasive margin in metastatic site. High expression of circLONP2 predicted unfavorable overall survival. Functional studies revealed that circLONP2 could enhance the invasiveness of CRC cells in vitro, and targeting circLONP2 through anti-sense oligonucleotide (ASO) dramatically reduced the penetrance of metastasis to foreign organs in vivo. Mechanically, circLONP2 directly interacted with and promoted the processing of primary microRNA-17 (pri-miR-17), through recruiting DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8) and Drosha complex in DDX1-dependent manner. Meanwhile, upregulated mature miR-17-5p could be assembled into exosomes and internalized by neighboring cells to enhance their aggressiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that circLONP2 acts as key metastasis-initiating molecule during CRC progression through modulating the intracellular maturation and intercellular transfer of miR-17, resulting in dissemination of metastasis-initiating ability in primary site and acceleration of metastasis formation in foreign organs. circLONP2 could serve as an effective prognostic predictor and/or novel anti-metastasis therapeutic target in CRC treatment.

12.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e923549, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan City, China. Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a multivariate analysis method to determine the structural relationship between measured variables. This observational study aimed to use SEM to determine the effects of social support on sleep quality and function of medical staff who treated patients with COVID-19 in January and February 2020 in Wuhan, China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A one-month cross-sectional observational study included 180 medical staff who treated patients with COVID-19 infection. Levels of anxiety, self-efficacy, stress, sleep quality, and social support were measured using the and the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction (SASR) questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Social Support Rate Scale (SSRS), respectively. Pearson's correlation analysis and SEM identified the interactions between these factors. RESULTS Levels of social support for medical staff were significantly associated with self-efficacy and sleep quality and negatively associated with the degree of anxiety and stress. Levels of anxiety were significantly associated with the levels of stress, which negatively impacted self-efficacy and sleep quality. Anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy were mediating variables associated with social support and sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS SEM showed that medical staff in China who were treating patients with COVID-19 infection during January and February 2020 had levels of anxiety, stress, and self-efficacy that were dependent on sleep quality and social support.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Corpo Clínico , Pneumonia Viral , Sono , Apoio Social , Adulto , Ansiedade , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoeficácia , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e923921, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND From the end of December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began to spread in central China. Social capital is a measure of social trust, belonging, and participation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of social capital on sleep quality and the mechanisms involved in people who self-isolated at home for 14 days in January 2020 during the COVID-19 epidemic in central China. MATERIAL AND METHODS Individuals (n=170) who self-isolated at home for 14 days in central China, completed self-reported questionnaires on the third day of isolation. Individual social capital was assessed using the Personal Social Capital Scale 16 (PSCI-16) questionnaire. Anxiety was assessed using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) questionnaire, stress was assessed using the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction (SASR) questionnaire, and sleep was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Path analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships between a dependent variable (social capital) and two or more independent variables, using Pearson's correlation analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM). RESULTS Low levels of social capital were associated with increased levels of anxiety and stress, but increased levels of social capital were positively associated with increased quality of sleep. Anxiety was associated with stress and reduced sleep quality, and the combination of anxiety and stress reduced the positive effects of social capital on sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS During a period of individual self-isolation during the COVID-19 virus epidemic in central China, increased social capital improved sleep quality by reducing anxiety and stress.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Mar Drugs ; 18(3)2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121067

RESUMO

Alginate is a natural polysaccharide present in various marine brown seaweeds. Alginate oligosaccharide (AOS) is a degradation product of alginate, which has received increasing attention due to its low molecular weight and promising biological activity. The wide-ranging biological activity of AOS is closely related to the diversity of their structures. AOS with a specific structure and distinct applications can be obtained by different methods of alginate degradation. This review focuses on recent advances in the biological activity of alginate and its derivatives, including their anti-tumor, anti-oxidative, immunoregulatory, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antibacterial, hypolipidemic, antihypertensive, and hypoglycemic properties, as well as the ability to suppress obesity and promote cell proliferation and regulate plant growth. We hope that this review will provide theoretical basis and inspiration for the high-value research developments and utilization of AOS-related products.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1745, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019970

RESUMO

Fertilisation datasets collected from field experiments (n = 21) in tea-producing areas from 2016 to 2018 were used to build a quantitative evaluation of the fertility of tropical soils (QUEFTS) model to estimate nutrient uptake of tea plants, and to investigate relationships between tea yield and nutrient accumulation. The production of 1000 kg spring tea (based on one bud with two young expanding leaves) required 12.2 kg nitrogen (N), 1.2 kg phosphorus (P), and 3.9 kg potassium (K), and the corresponding internal efficiencies (IEs) for N, P, and K were 82.0, 833.3, and 256.4 kg kg-1. To produce 1000 kg summer tea, 9.1 kg N, 0.8 kg P, and 3.1 kg K were required, and the corresponding IEs for N, P, and K were 109.9, 1250.0, and 322.6 kg kg-1. For autumn tea, 8.8 kg N, 1.0 kg P, and 3.2 kg K were required to produce 1000 kg tea, and the corresponding IEs for N, P, and K were 113.6, 1000.0, and 312.5 kg kg-1. Field validation experiments performed in 2019 suggested that the QUEFTS model can appropriately estimate nutrient uptake of tea plants at a certain yield and contribute to developing a fertiliser recommendation strategy for tea production.

16.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We used the status of microvascular invasion (MVI) at primary resection to help treatment selection for hepatitis B virus-positive (HBV+) recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (rHCC) patients in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B-C. METHODS: From 2009 to 2017, we enrolled 221 consecutive HBV+ rHCC patients at BCLC stage B-C who underwent re-resection (RR), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Post recurrence survival (PRS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between RR/RFA and TACE according to MVI status. A one-to-one propensity score matching analysis was performed. RESULTS: For MVI(-) patients, the median PRS was 62.3 months for the RR/RFA group and 21.1 months for the TACE group (p = 0.039). The corresponding OS was 71.4 months and 26.6 months, respectively (p = 0.010). For MVI(+) patients, the median PRS in the RR/RFA group and TACE group was 14.7 months and 10.1 months (p = 0.115). The corresponding OS was 23.4 months and 16.4 months, respectively (p = 0.067). After matching, the dominance of RR/RFA over TACE remained in MVI(-) patients for both PRS (62.3 months vs 15.3 months, p = 0.019) and OS (98.1 months vs 33.4 months, p = 0.046). No significant difference was found in MVI(+) patients for either PRS (14.7 months vs 11.8 months, p = 0.593) or OS (23.4 months vs 28.1 months, p = 0.662). CONCLUSIONS: MVI status definitely helps select treatment options in HBV+ rHCC patients. For MVI(-) patients, RR/RFA provided better survival than TACE while for MVI(+) patients, TACE shared similar survival outcomes. KEY POINTS: • This study aimed at the determination of the optimal treatment options (ablation /resection vs TACE) in case of recurrent HBV-related HCC. • It showed that MVI status, established at primary resection of HCC, was a powerful marker for selecting the best treatment option in these patients. • In MVI(-) patients, RR/RFA achieved a better survival than TACE. In MVI(+) patients, TACE shared similar survival.

17.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; : e1900622, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077181

RESUMO

The most daunting challenge of solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) is the development of materials with simultaneously high ionic conductivity and mechanical strength. Herein, SPEs of lithium bis-(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI)-doped poly(propylene monothiocarbonate)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (PPMTC-b-PEO) block copolymers (BCPs) with both blocks associating with Li+ ions are prepared. It is found that the PPMTC-b-PEO/LiTFSI electrolytes with double conductive phases exhibit much higher ionic conductivity (2 × 10-4 S cm-1 at r.t.) than the BCP electrolytes with a single conductive phase. Concurrently, the storage moduli of PPMTCn -b-PEO44 /LiTFSI electrolytes are ≈1-4 orders of magnitude higher than that of the neat PEO/LiTFSI electrolytes. Therefore, simultaneous improvement of ionic conductivity and mechanical properties is achieved by construction of a microphase-separated and disordered structure with double conductive phases.

18.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 21(5): 400-411, 2020 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037955

RESUMO

B Cell-Specific Moloney Murine Leukemia Virus Integration Site 1 (Bmi-1, Bmi1), an epigenetic protein, is necessary for normal stem cell self-renewal in adult animals and for cancer stem cell (CSC) functions in adult animals. To elucidate the functions of Bmi-1 in the oral cavity we created a transgenic mouse line (KrTBmi-1) that expresses ectopic, Flag-tagged Bmi-1 in tongue basal epithelial stem cells only upon doxycycline (DOX) treatment. Genome wide transcriptomics and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis identified several pathways altered by exogenous Bmi-1 expression in the normal tongue epithelium, including EIF2 signaling (P value = 1.58 x 10-49), mTOR signaling (P value = 2.45 x 10-12), oxidative phosphorylation (P = 6.61 x 10-3) and glutathione redox reactions I (P = 1.74 x 10-2). Overall, our data indicate that ectopic Bmi-1 expression has an impact on normal tongue epithelial homeostasis. We then assessed the KrTBmi-1 mice in the 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) model of oral carcinogenesis. We found that 80% of mice expressing exogenous Bmi-1 (+DOX, +4-NQO KrTBmi-1; N = 10) developed tumors classified as grade 3 or higher, compared to 60% and 40% of mice expressing just endogenous Bmi-1 (+DOX, +4-NQO Kr and -DOX, +4-NQO KrTBmi-1 groups, respectively; N = 10/group; P value = <0.0001); and 30% of mice expressing ectopic Bmi-1 mice developed 20 or more lesions compared to 10% of mice expressing only endogenous Bmi-1 (P = .009). This demonstrates that exogenous Bmi-1 expression increases the susceptibility of mice to 4-NQO-induced oral carcinogenesis, strengthening the evidence for Bmi-1 as a therapeutic target in human oral squamous cell carcinoma.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 711: 134416, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000302

RESUMO

Nitrite accumulation in aquatic environments is a potential risk factor that disrupts multiple physiological functions in aquatic animals. In this study, the physiology, transcriptome and metabolome of the control group (LV-C), nitrite-tolerance group (LV-NT) and nitrite-sensitive group (LV-NS) were investigated to identify the stress responses and mechanisms underlying the nitrite tolerance of Litopenaeus vannamei. After LV-NT and LV-NS were subjected to nitrite stress, the hemocyanin contents were significantly decreased, and hepatopancreas showed severe histological damage compared with LV-C. Likewise, the antioxidant enzymes were also significantly changed after nitrite exposure. The transcriptome data revealed differentially expressed genes associated with immune system, cytoskeleton remodeling and apoptosis in LV-NT and LV-NS. The combination of transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis revealed nitrite exposure disturbed metabolism processes in L. vannamei, including amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism and lipid metabolism. The multiple comparative analysis implicated that higher nitrite tolerance of LV-NT than LV-NS may be attributed to enhanced hypoxia inducible factor-1α expression to regulate energy supply and gaseous exchange. Moreover, LV-NT showed higher antioxidative ability, detoxification gene expression and enhanced fatty acids contents after nitrite exposure in relative to LV-NS. Collectively, all these results will greatly provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the stress responses and tolerance of nitrite exposure in L. vannamei.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Penaeidae , Transcriptoma , Animais , Hepatopâncreas , Nitritos , Estresse Fisiológico
20.
Environ Pollut ; 260: 113962, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004960

RESUMO

Tris (4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane (THPE), a trisphenol compound widely used as a branching agent and raw material in plastics, adhesives, and coatings is rarely regarded with concern. However, inspection of in vitro data suggests that THPE is an antagonist of estrogen receptors (ERs). Accordingly, we aimed to evaluate the antiestrogenicity of THPE in vivo and tested its effect via oral gavage on pubertal development in female CD-1 mice. Using uterotrophic assays, we found that THPE either singly, or combined with 17ß-estradiol (E2) (400 µg/kg bw/day) suppressed the uterine weights at low doses (0.1, 0.3, and 1 mg/kg bw/day) in 3-day treatment of weaning mice. When mice were treated with THPE during adolescence (for 10 days beginning on postnatal day 24), their uterine development was significantly retarded at doses of at least 0.1 mg/kg bw/day, manifest as decreased uterine weight, atrophic endometrial stromal cells and thinner columnar epithelial cells. Transcriptome analyses of uteri demonstrated that estrogen-responsive genes were significantly downregulated by THPE. Molecular docking shows that THPE fits well into the antagonist pocket of human ERα. These results indicate that THPE possesses strong antiestrogenicity in vivo and can disrupt normal female development in mice at very low dosages.

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