Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.983
Filtrar
1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(1): 441-458, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34975343

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main concerns worldwide as there is still no comprehensive therapeutic intervention. Astrocytic water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) system is closely related to the brain edema, water transport at blood-brain barrier (BBB) and astrocyte function in the central nervous system (CNS). Minocycline, a broad-spectrum semisynthetic tetracycline antibiotic, has shown anti-inflammation, anti-apoptotic, vascular protection and neuroprotective effects on TBI models. Here, we tried to further explore the underlying mechanism of minocycline treatment for TBI, especially the relationship of minocycline and AQP4 during TBI treatment. In present study, we observed that minocycline efficaciously reduces the elevation of AQP4 in TBI mice. Furthermore, minocycline significantly reduced neuronal apoptosis, ameliorated brain edema and BBB disruption after TBI. In addition, the expressions of tight junction protein and astrocyte morphology alteration were optimized by minocycline administration. Similar results were found after treating with TGN-020 (an inhibitor of AQP4) in TBI mice. Moreover, these effects were reversed by cyanamide (CYA) treatment, which notably upregulated AQP4 expression level in vivo. In primary cultured astrocytes, small-interfering RNA (siRNA) AQP4 treatment prevented glutamate-induced astrocyte swelling. To sum up, our study suggests that minocycline improves the functional recovery of TBI through reducing AQP4 level to optimize BBB integrity and astrocyte function, and highlights that the AQP4 may be an important therapeutic target during minocycline treating for TBI.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8010670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35035666

RESUMO

Inflammation is one of the crucial mechanisms mediating spinal cord injury (SCI) progress. Sesamol, a component of sesame oil, has anti-inflammatory activity, but its mechanism in SCI remains unclear. We investigated if the AMPK/SIRT1/NF-κB pathway participated in anti-inflammation of sesamol in SCI. Sesamol could inhibit neuronal apoptosis, reduce neuroinflammation, enhance M2 phenotype microglial polarization, and improved motor function recovery in mice after SCI. Furthermore, sesamol increased SIRT1 protein expression and p-AMPK/AMPK ratio, while it downregulated the p-p65/p65 ratio, indicating that sesamol treatment upregulated the AMPK/SIRT1 pathway and inhibited NF-κB activation. However, these effects were blocked by compound C which is a specific AMPK inhibitor. Together, the study suggests that sesamol is a potential drug for antineuroinflammation and improving locomotor functional recovery through regulation of the AMPK/SIRT1/NF-κB pathway in SCI.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (UniVATS) is widely used as a minimally invasive thoracic operation. The goal of our study was to analyse the effect of long-term experience with the UniVATS lobectomy on the learning curve. METHODS: The learning curves were quantitatively evaluated by the unadjusted cumulative sum, and they were segmented using joinpoint linear regression analysis. The variables were compared between subgroups using trend analysis, and linear regression analysis was applied to correlate clinical characteristics at different stages of the learning curve with the duration of the operation. RESULTS: The learning curve for the UniVATS lobectomy can be divided into 3 phases of proficiency at ∼200-300 procedures, with a fourth phase as the number of procedures increases. The 1st-52nd, 52nd-156th, 156th-244th and 244th-538th procedures comprised the preliminary learning stage, preliminary proficiency stage, proficiency stage and advanced proficiency stage, respectively. Surgical outcomes and their variability between stages improved with increasing case numbers, with the most significant addition of an auxiliary operating port and conversions. In multivariable analysis, as stages progressed, influences other than surgical experience increased the operative time, with male and extensive pleural adhesions in the preliminary proficiency stage; male and incomplete pulmonary fissures in the proficiency stage; and male, extensive pleural adhesions and incomplete pulmonary fissures in the advanced proficiency stage. CONCLUSIONS: As the number of procedures increases, there may be 4 different proficiency stages in the UniVATS lobectomy learning curve. The surgeon enters the fourth stage at approximately the 244th procedure. Moreover, at stage 4, the perioperative indicators tend to stabilize, and influences other than surgical experience become more significant.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1193: 339320, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35058017

RESUMO

Data-dependent acquisition (DDA) and data-independent acquisition (DIA)-based MSn strategies are extensively applied in metabolites characterization. DDA gives accurate MSn information, but receives low coverage, while DIA covers the entire mass range, but the precursor-product ions matching often yields false positives. Currently available MS scan approaches rarely integrate DIA and DDA within a duty circle. Utilizing a Vion™ IM-QTOF (ion mobility-quadrupole time-of-flight) mass spectrometer, we report a novel hybrid scan approach, namely HDDIDDA, which involves three scan events: 1) IM-enabled full scan (MS1), 2) high-definition MSE (HDMSE) of all precursor ions (MS2); and 3) high-definition DDA (HDDDA) of top N precursors (MS2). As a proof-of-concept, the HDDIDDA approach combined with off-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) was applied to characterize the multiple ingredients from a reputable Chinese patent medicine, Compound Danshen Dripping Pill (CDDP) used for treating the cardiovascular diseases. An off-line 2D-LC system by configuring an XBridge Amide column and an HSS T3 column showed a measurable orthogonality of 0.92 and enhanced the separation of co-eluting components. A fit-for-purpose HDDIDDA methodology was developed in the negative mode to characterize saponins and salvianolic acids, while tanshinones in the positive mode. Computational workflows to efficiently process the acquired HDMSE and HDDDA data were established, and the searching of an in-house CDDP library (recording 712 compounds) eventually characterized 403 components from CDDP, indicating approximate 12-fold improvement compared with the previous report. The HDDIDDA approach can measure collision cross section of each component, and merges the merits of DIA and DDA in MS2 data acquisition.

5.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 20, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017465

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a global health problem and further studies of its molecular mechanisms are needed to identify effective therapeutic targets. Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be involved in the progression of GC, the molecular mechanisms of many GC-related lncRNAs remain unclear. In this study, a series of in vivo and in vitro assays were performed to study the relationship between FAM225A and GC, which showed that FAM225A levels were correlated with poor prognosis in GC. Higher FAM225A expression tended to be correlated with a more profound lymphatic metastasis rate, larger tumor size, and more advanced tumor stage. FAM225A also promoted gastric cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Further mechanistic investigation showed that FAM225A acted as a miR-326 sponge to upregulate its direct target PADI2 in GC. Overall, our findings indicated that FAM225A promoted GC development and progression via a competitive endogenous RNA network of FAM225A/miR-326/PADI2 in GC, providing insight into possible therapeutic targets and prognosis of GC.

6.
Biology (Basel) ; 11(1)2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35053061

RESUMO

Aristidoideae is a subfamily in the PACMAD clade of family Poaceae, including three genera, Aristida, Stipagrostis, and Sartidia. In this study, the plastomes of Aristida adscensionis and Stipagrostis pennata were newly sequenced, and a total of 16 Aristidoideae plastomes were compared. All plastomes were conservative in genome size, gene number, structure, and IR boundary. Repeat sequence analysis showed that forward and palindrome repeats were the most common repeat types. The number of SSRs ranged from 30 (Sartidia isaloensis) to 54 (Aristida purpurea). Codon usage analysis showed that plastome genes preferred to use codons ending with A/T. A total of 12 highly variable regions were screened, including four protein coding sequences (matK, ndhF, infA, and rpl32) and eight non-coding sequences (rpl16-1-rpl16-2, ccsA-ndhD, trnY-GUA-trnD-GUC, ndhF-rpl32, petN-trnC-GCA, trnT-GGU-trnE-UUC, trnG-GCC-trnfM-CAU, and rpl32-trnL-UAG). Furthermore, the phylogenetic position of this subfamily and their intergeneric relationships need to be illuminated. All Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference trees strongly support the monophyly of Aristidoideae and each of three genera, and the clade of Aristidoideae and Panicoideae was a sister to other subfamilies in the PACMAD clade. Within Aristidoideae, Aristida is a sister to the clade composed of Stipagrostis and Sartidia. The divergence between C4 Stipagrostis and C3 Sartidia was estimated at 11.04 Ma, which may be associated with the drought event in the Miocene period. Finally, the differences in carbon fixation patterns, geographical distributions, and ploidy may be related to the difference of species numbers among these three genera. This study provides insights into the phylogeny and evolution of the subfamily Aristidoideae.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 146: 112605, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35062070

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a common disease characterized by skeletal fragility and microarchitectural deterioration. However, existing conventional drugs exhibit limited efficacy and can elicit severe adverse effects; moreover, and novel stem cell-based therapies have not exhibited sufficient therapeutic efficacy. Our hypothesis is that an appropriate osteogenic inducer may improve their therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we found that bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) stimulates the differentiation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) into osteoblasts without inducing cytotoxicity. Here BDMC enhances calcium deposition in hAMSCs, while promoting the expression of early and late markers of osteoblast differentiation, including ALP, runt-related transcription factor 2, osterix, COL1-α1, osteocalcin, and osteopontin at the transcriptional and translational levels. Mechanistically, BDMC was found to activate the JAK2/STAT3 pathway; whereas AG490 (JAK2/STAT3 pathway inhibitor) inhibited BDMC functioning. Subsequently, we found that the combinatorial therapy of BDMC and hAMSC had a positive synergistic effect on osteoporotic mouse model induced by bilateral ovariectomy, including inhibiting bone loss and bone resorption and improving bone micro-architecture. Moreover, BDMC inhibited production of the bone resorption markers C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase, while promoting serum levels of bone formation markers OCN, and procollagen I N-terminal propeptide. BDMC also improved liver and kidney function in osteoporotic mouse model. Collectively, BDMC improved osteoporosis by enhancing hAMSC osteogenesis and exhibited a protective effect on liver and kidney function in an osteoporotic mouse model. Hence, BDMC may serve as an effective adjuvant, and combined therapy with hAMSCs is a promising new approach toward osteoporosis treatment.

8.
Bone ; 154: 116259, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of AZD0530 on the progression of knee OA after blocking ß-catenin phosphorylation and then dormancy of the Wnt/ß pathway by tyrosine kinase Fyn. METHODS: The levels of Fyn, ß-catenin, p-ß-catenin (Tyr142), the chondrocyte positive marker Aggrecan, and the chondrocyte negative marker MMP13 were observed in human knee tibial plateau chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. Different doses of AZD0530 were used to treat chondrocytes of the human OA tibial plateau chondrocytes in vitro, and the degree of chondrocyte degeneration was observed. Different doses of AZD0530 were intraarticularly injected into OA rats to observe the degree of tibial plateau cartilage degeneration. RESULTS: When OA occurred in human knee, the levels of tyrosine kinase Fyn,ß-catenin and p-ß-catenin (Tyr142) in chondrocytes increased significantly.The level of Aggrecan decreased and MMP13 increased in chondrocytes. The levels of ß-catenin, p-ß-catenin (Tyr142) and MMP13 in chondrocytes decreased, while the level of Aggrecan increased after AZD0530 was used to intervene chondrocytes in vitro, which was positively correlated with the dose of AZD0530. Intra-articular injection of AZD0530 obviously attenuated the degeneration of articular cartilage, which was positively correlated with the dose of AZD0530. CONCLUSION: The level of Fyn in chondrocytes of human knee tibial plateau increased significantly when OA occurred. AZD0530 can inhibit tyrosine kinase Fyn from ß-catenin phosphorylation, a key Wnt/ß pathway protein, and then inhibit Wnt/ß pathway levels in chondrocytes. This finding also suggests that disruption of the Wnt/ß pathway with AZD0530 provides chondral protection in rat posttraumatic OA.

10.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 386-394, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269214

RESUMO

Transfer RNA (tRNA)-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) are a recently established family of regulatory small non-coding RNAs that modulate diverse biological processes. Growing evidence indicates that tsRNAs are involved in neurological disorders and play a role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disease. However, whether tsRNAs are involved in traumatic brain injury-induced secondary injury remains poorly understood. In this study, a mouse controlled cortical impact model of traumatic brain injury was established, and integrated tsRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) transcriptome sequencing were used. The results revealed that 103 tsRNAs were differentially expressed in the mouse model of traumatic brain injury at 72 hours, of which 56 tsRNAs were upregulated and 47 tsRNAs were downregulated. Based on microRNA-like seed matching and Pearson correlation analysis, 57 differentially expressed tsRNA-mRNA interaction pairs were identified, including 29 tsRNAs and 26 mRNAs. Moreover, Gene Ontology annotation of target genes revealed that the significantly enriched terms were primarily associated with inflammation and synaptic function. Collectively, our findings suggest that tsRNAs may be associated with traumatic brain injury-induced secondary brain injury, and are thus a potential therapeutic target for traumatic brain injury. The study was approved by the Beijing Neurosurgical Institute Animal Care and Use Committee (approval No. 20190411) on April 11, 2019.

11.
Brain Res ; 1777: 147754, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929182

RESUMO

A long-standing observation is that the micturition reflex receives supraspinal descending control. Although one supraspinal nucleus (Barrington's nucleus) is identified as the pontine micturition center, it remains largely unknown whether and how other supraspinal tracts are involved in micturition control. Here, we focused on the role of lumbosacral projecting neurons located in the Locus Coeruleus (LC) in modulating micturition, since previous studies indicated that the LC is involved in controlling bladder contraction. First, by performing an AAV mediated retrograde labeling using a TH-iCre mouse line, we demonstrated specific targeting of LC noradrenergic neurons innervating the lumbosacral spinal cord with high efficiency. Next, by lumbosacral injection of a retro-AAV carrying Cre-dependent human diphtheria toxin receptors (DTR), we achieved specific ablation of LC NA+ neurons with lumbosacral projections upon the administration of diphtheria toxin. Our results showed that specific ablation of theseneurons led to overflow incontinence leaks and lower void efficiency. Mechanistically, by performing the urodynamics analysis, we showed that ablation of lumbosacral innervating NAneurons resulted in detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia. Taken together, our study provided novel insights into the underlying mechanisms of supraspinal control of micturition reflex and thus shed light on developing novel treatment to improve micturition control in patients with SCI or lower urinary tract symptoms.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 3676107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869761

RESUMO

Sex hormone dependence is associated with tumor progression and prognosis. Here, we explored the molecular basis of luminal A-like phenotype in sex hormone-dependent cancers. RNA-sequencing data from 8 cancer types were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We investigated the enrichment function of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in luminal A breast cancer (BRCA). Weighted coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to identify gene modules associated with the luminal A-like phenotype, and we calculated the module's preservation in 8 cancer types. Module hub genes screened using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to construct a gene signature model for the luminal A-like phenotype, and we assessed the model's relationship with prognosis, enriched pathways, and immune infiltration using bioinformatics approaches. Compared to other BRCA subtypes, the enrichment functions of upregulated genes in luminal A BRCA were related to hormone biological processes and receptor activity, and the downregulated genes were associated with the cell cycle and nuclear division. A gene module significantly associated with luminal A BRCA was shared by uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC), leading to a similar phenotype. Fifteen hub genes were used to construct a gene signature model for the assessment of the luminal A-like phenotype, and the corrected C-statistics and Brier scores were 0.986 and 0.023, respectively. Calibration plots showed good performance, and decision curve analysis indicated a high net benefit of the model. The 15-gene signature model was associated with better overall survival in BRCA and UCEC and was characterized by downregulation of DNA replication, cell cycle and activated CD4 T cells. In conclusion, our study elucidated that BRCA and UCEC share a similar sex hormone-dependent phenotype and constructed a 15-gene signature model for use as a prognostic tool to quantify the probability of the phenotype.

13.
Autophagy ; : 1-23, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872436

RESUMO

Necrosis that appears at the ischemic distal end of random-pattern skin flaps increases the pain and economic burden of patients. Necroptosis is thought to contribute to flap necrosis. Lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) plays an indispensable role in the regulation of necroptosis. Nonetheless, the mechanisms by which lysosomal membranes become leaky and the relationship between necroptosis and lysosomes are still unclear in ischemic flaps. Based on Western blotting, immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis results, we found that LMP was presented in the ischemic distal portion of random-pattern skin flaps, which leads to disruption of lysosomal function and macroautophagic/autophagic flux, increased necroptosis, and aggravated necrosis of the ischemic flaps. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis of the LC-MS results enabled us to focus on the role of PLA2G4E/cPLA2 (phospholipase A2, group IVE) in LMP of the ischemic flaps. In vivo inhibition of PLA2G4E with an adeno-associated virus vector attenuated LMP and necroptosis, and promoted flap survival. In addition, microRNA-seq helped us determine that Mir504-5p was differentially expressed in ischemic flaps. A string of in vitro and in vivo tests was employed to verify the inhibitory effect of Mir504-5p on PLA2G4E, LMP and necroptosis. Finally, we concluded that the inhibition of PLA2G4E by Mir504-5p reduced LMP-induced necroptosis, thereby promoting the survival of random-pattern skin flaps.

14.
Front Physiol ; 12: 750872, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887772

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have demonstrated that using a higher dose of statin can easily induce liver injury and myopathy. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a well-established modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, the large majority of Chinese patients cannot meet the target level of LDL-C recommended by the Chinese expert consensus. Evolocumab has been demonstrated to reduce LDL-C by approximately 60% in many studies. Nevertheless, whether combined evolocumab and moderate-intensity statin is as effective in lowering LDL-C and decreasing incidence of MACE in Chinese patients presenting with the acute phase of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unknown. Therefore, the "Evolocumab added to Moderate-Intensity Statin therapy on LDL-C lowering and cardiovascular adverse events in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome" (EMSIACS) is conducted. Methods: The EMSIACS is a prospective, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, multicenter study involving analyzing the feasibility and efficacy of evolocumab added to moderate-intensity statin therapy on lowering LDL-C levels in adult Chinese patients hospitalized for acute phase ACS. The sample size calculation is based on the primary outcome, and 500 patients will be planned to recruit. Patients are randomized in evolocumab arm (evolocumab 140mg every 2weeks plus rosuvastatin 10mg/day or atorvastatin 20mg/day) and statin-only arm (rosuvastatin 10mg/day or atorvastatin 20mg/day). The primary outcome is the percentage change in LDL-C in weeks 4 and week 12 after treatment. The secondary outcome is the occurrence of MACE after 12weeks and 1year of treatment. Discussion: If the EMSIACS trial endpoints prove statistically significant, the evolocumab added to moderate-intensity statin therapy will have the potential to effectively lower subjects' LDL-C levels, especially for the Chinese patients with acute phase ACS. However, if the risk of MACE is not significantly different between the two groups, we may extend follow-up time for secondary outcome when the clinical trial is over. Clinical trial registration: The study is registered to ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04100434), which retrospectively registered on November 24, 2020.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(6): 1917-1922, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the different subtypes caused by c.721C>T substitution in the exon 7 of the ABO gene, and to investigate the related molecular mechanism of different antigens expression. METHODS: ABO subtypes in 7 samples were identified by standard serological methods. The exons 6, 7, and adjacent intron of ABO gene were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and the PCR products were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing and cloning sequencing. RESULTS: ABO subtypes phenotypes were AW (1 case), BW (3 cases), ABW (2 cases), A2 or Aint (1 case). The result showed that the 7th exon of ABO gene was c.721C>T variety based on A1.02, B1.01, and O.01.02; the alleles were AW.43(1 case), BW.03(5 cases) and O.01.07(1 case), ABO genotypes were ABO*AW.43/O.01.02 (1 case) , ABO*BW.03/O.01.02 (3 cases), ABO*A1.02/BW.03 (2 cases), and ABO*A2.05/O.01.07 (1 case). CONCLUSION: c.721C>T substitution in the ABO gene causes p.Arg241Trp exchange resulting in the decreasing of GTA or GTB activities and weaker antigen expression. O.01.07 is a null allele which cannot form a functional catalytic enzyme has no effect on A2 subtype antigen expression.

16.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34913149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of Jiuwei Zhuhuang Powder (JWZH), a Tibetan patent medicine in treating upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) associated cough in children. METHODS: The study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled trial. A total of 142 children aged 2 to 14 years old, with URTI-associated cough within 48 h of onset, were randomly assigned to two groups at a 1:1 ratio by computer-generated randomization sequence. Children were treated with JWZH (1 to 1.5 g, twice to thrice daily) in the treatment group or conventional treatment (Pediatric Paracetamol, Artificial Cow-bezoar and Chlorphenamine Maleate Granules, 0.25 to 1 g, thrice daily) in the control group for 5 days. The primary endpoints were the time to cough resolution and 4-day cough resolution rate. The secondary endpoints were the daily improvement in symptom scores and cough resolution rate during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 138 children were included in the intention-to-treat analysis, with 71 cases in the treatment group and 67 cases in the control group. Compared with the conventional treatment, the children receiving JWZH had a shorter time to cough resolution [hazard ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29-3.40; P=0.003]. The median time to cough resolution for children receiving JWZH was shorter than that of the conventional treatment (2 days vs. 3 days; P<0.001). The 4-day cough resolution rate in the JWZH group was higher than that of the control group (94.4% vs. 74.6%; risk difference: 19.8%, 95% CI: 8.1%-31.5%; relative risk: 1.265, 95% CI: 1.088-1.470; P=0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvement of other symptoms caused by URTI (P>0.05). Adverse events was reported in 5.6% (4/71) and 4.5% (3/67) in participants of JWZH and PPACCM groups (P>0.05), respectively, which were all mild and resolved without treatment. CONCLUSION: JWZH seemed to be a safe and effective therapy for URTI-associated cough in children. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR2000039421).

17.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1328, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the differences between doublet and triplet neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) regimens in efficacy and safety profile. METHODS: A total of 227 locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) patients who received NAC and sequential radical gastrectomy were reviewed. After propensity score matching (PSM), 140 patients with similar baseline characteristics were selected. Among them, 70 received doublet NAC regimens consisted of platinum and fluorouracil; the other 70 received triplet NAC regimens consisted of docetaxel, platinum, and fluorouracil. RESULTS: The efficacy of doublet and triplet regimens was comparable after propensity score matching in terms of tumor regression (pathological complete response, Doublet 11.4% vs. Triplet 15.7%, p = 0.642), achieving of R0 resection (Doublet 88.6% vs. Triplet 88.6%, p = 1), 1-year disease-free survival (DFS) (Doublet 77.1% vs. Triplet 68.6%, p = 0.178), 3-years overall survival (OS) (Doublet 54.3% vs. Triplet 60.9%, p = 0.941). Post-surgery complications were more common in the triplet cohort (Doublet 5.7% vs. Triplet 27.1%, p = 0.001), especially abdominal infection (Doublet 0% vs. Triplet 11.1%, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A more intense preoperative triplet NAC regimen does not bring extra downstage effect and survival benefit compared to a doublet regimen. It may even result in a higher risk of post-surgery complications.

18.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928500

RESUMO

Biocatalysis in high-concentration organic solvents (OSs) offers many advantages, but realizing this process remains a huge challenge. An R-selective ω-amine transaminase variant (AcATAM2 ) exhibited high activity toward 50 g/L pro-sitagliptin ketone 1-[1-piperidinyl]-4-[2,4,5-trifluorophenyl]-1,3-butanedione (PTfpB). However, AcATAM2 displayed unsatisfactory organic-cosolvent resistance against high-concentration dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which is required to enhance the solubility of the hydrophobic substrate PTfpB. Located in the substrate-binding tunnel, enzyme gates are structural elements that undergo reversible conformational transitions, thus affecting the accessibility of the binding pocket to solvent molecules. Depending on the conformation of the enzyme gates, one can define an open or closed conformation on which the enzyme activity in OSs may depend. To enhance the DMSO resistance of AcATAM2 , we identified the beneficial residues at the "enzyme gate" region via computational analysis, alanine scanning, and site-saturation mutagenesis. Two beneficial variants, namely, AcATAM2 F56D and AcATAM2 F56V , not only displayed improved enzyme activity but also exhibited enhanced DMSO resistance (the half-life value increased from 25.71 to 42.49 h under 60% DMSO). Molecular dynamic simulations revealed that the increase in DMSO resistance was mainly caused by the decrease in the number of DMSO molecules in the substrate-binding pocket. Moreover, in the kilogram-scale experiment, the conversion of 80 g/L substrate was increased from 50% (AcATAM2 ) to 85% (M2F56D in 40% DMSO) with a high e.e. of >99% within 24 h.

19.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 232, 2021 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising diagnostic and prognostic marker for many cancers and has been actively investigated in recent years. Previous studies have already demonstrated the potential use of ctDNA methylation markers in the diagnosis and prognostication of colorectal cancer (CRC). This retrospective study validated the value of methylation biomarker MYO1-G (cg10673833) in CRC diagnosis and disease monitoring using digital droplet PCR (ddPCR), a biomarker selected from our previous study due to its highest diagnostic efficiency. METHODS: Blood samples of CRC and control samples from tumor-free individuals at two institutions were collected to quantify the methylation ratio using ddPCR. Area under curve (AUC) was calculated after constructing receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) for CRC diagnosis. Sensitivity and specificity were estimated and comparisons of methylation ratio in different groups were performed. RESULTS: We collected 673 blood samples from 272 patients diagnosed with stage I-IV CRC and 402 normal control samples. The methylation biomarker discriminated patients with CRC from normal controls with high accuracy (area under curve [AUC] = 0.94) and yielded a sensitivity of 84.3% and specificity of 94.5%. Besides, methylation ratio of MYO1-G was associated with tumor burden and treatment response. The methylation ratio was significantly lower in patients after their radical operation than when compared with those before surgeries (P < 0.001). Methylation ratio was significantly higher in patients with disease progression than those with stable disease (P = 0.002) and those with complete response or partial response (P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Together, our study indicated that this methylation marker can serve as a potential biomarker for diagnosing and monitoring CRC.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(21): 5585-5592, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951210

RESUMO

Intestinal microecology is an important defense system in the human body. The intestinal flora is the core micro-ecosystem in the human intestine. It has a symbiotic relationship with the overall functions of the body. It has strong metabolic activity to maintain the normal functioning of the body and resist the invasion of various viral antigens in the body. Playing a protective function,the imbalanced intestinal microecology can cause various diseases. Polysaccharides can be extracted from a wide range of sources and have low toxicity and side effects. They have attracted wide attention because of their anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. Studies have demonstrated that polysaccharides can regulate intestinal microecological disorders. According to the studies in recent years, this review summarizes that polysaccharides mainly modulate intestinal microecological disorders through regulating the composition of intestinal flora, improving the metabolism of the flora, and repairing the intestinal tract barrier. On the basis of these mechanisms of action, this paper elaborates the anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of polysaccharides. This paper can provide reference for the future research on the intestinal microecology-regulating mechanism and biological activities of polysaccharides.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Anti-Inflamatórios , Humanos , Intestinos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...