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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126801, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388916

RESUMO

A novel chemosensor is developed for the sensitive and facile detection of trace strontium ions (Sr2+) based on the ion-imprinted hydrogels. With Sr2+ as the templates, the ion-imprinted hydrogels are synthesized by copolymerizing the ion-responsive units 5'-O-acryloyl-2',3'-O-isopropylidene guanosine (APG) and the thermo-responsive units N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM). In the presence of Sr2+, APG units can self-assemble to form planar G-quartets via the complexation with Sr2+, which are introduced into the gel network during polymerization. Then Sr2+ templates can be removed by multiple repeated washing. When re-exposed to Sr2+, the relaxed G-quartets can recognize Sr2+, leading to the weakening of electrostatic repulsion between the four oxygen atoms in the G-quartets and inducing the shrinkage of the hydrogels. In this work, the Sr2+-imprinted chemosensors are designed as the grating systems for detecting trace Sr2+. Based on the array of hydrogel strings synthesized on a nano-scale, the smart grating systems thus constructed can convert and amplify the Sr2+ concentration signals to the easily-measurable optical signals. With the Sr2+-imprinted hydrogel gratings, trace Sr2+ (10-11 M) in an aqueous solution can be detected sensitively. Moreover, the proposed Sr2+-imprinted chemosensors can be integrated with other smart systems for developing various detectors with high performance.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Estrôncio , Guanosina , Íons , Polimerização
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150687, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597551

RESUMO

The emergence of novel plasmid-mediated high-level tigecycline resistance genes tet(X) in the Enterobacteriaceae has increased public health risk for treating severe bacterial infections. Despite growing reports of tet(X)-positive isolates detected in animal sources, the epidemiological association of animal- and environment-derived isolates with human-derived isolates remains unclear. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of tet(X4)-positive Escherichia coli isolates collected in a hospital in Guangdong province, China. A total of 48 tet(X4)-positive E. coli isolates were obtained from 1001 fecal samples. The tet(X4)-positive E. coli isolates were genetically diverse but certain strains that belonged to ST48, ST10, and ST877 etc. also have clonally transmitted. Most of the tet(X4) genes from these patient isolates were located on conjugative plasmids that were successfully transferred (64.6%) and generally coexisted with other antibiotic resistance genes including aadA, floR, blaTEM and qnrS. More importantly, we found the IncX1 type plasmid was a common vector for tet(X4) and was prevalent in these patient-derived strains (31.3%). This plasmid type has been detected in animal-derived strains from different species in different regions demonstrating its strong transmission ability and wide host range. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis revealed that certain strains of patient and animal origin were closely related indicating that the tet(X4)-positive E. coli isolates were likely to have cross-sectorial clonal transmission between humans, animals, and farm environments. Our research greatly expands the limited epidemiological knowledge of tet(X4)-positive strains in clinical settings and provides definitive evidence for the epidemiological link between human-derived tet(X4)-positive isolates and animal-derived isolates.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847670

RESUMO

Ag2Se is a narrow band gap n-type semiconductor with high carrier mobility and low lattice thermal conductivity. It has high thermoelectric performance near room temperature. However, there is a noticeable data discrepancy for thermoelectric performance in the reported literature studies, which greatly hinders the rational understanding and potential application of this material. In this work, we comprehensively studied the homogeneity, reproducibility, and thermal stability of bulk Ag2Se prepared by melting and mechanical alloying methods followed by spark plasma sintering. By virtue of the atom probe topology technique, we revealed nanosized Ag- or Se-rich precipitates and micropores with Se-aggregated interfaces that have not been detected previously. The samples prepared by melting and spark plasma sintering exhibit the best homogeneity and repeatability in thermoelectric properties despite abundant nanoprecipitates. Moreover, the thermoelectric performance of Ag2Se is greatly improved by introducing a slight amount of excess selenium. The average zT can steadily reach 0.8-0.9 in the range of 300-380 K, which is among the highest values reported for Ag2Se-based materials. This work will rationalize the evaluation of the thermoelectric performance of Ag2Se.

4.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1461, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737801

RESUMO

Aberrant destruction of the articular extracellular matrix (ECM) has been considered to be one of the pathological features of osteoarthritis (OA) which results in chondrocyte changes and articular cartilage degeneration. The MAPK signaling pathway serves a key role by releasing cartilage-degrading enzymes from OA chondrocytes. However, the use of MAPK inhibitors for OA is hindered by their potential long-term toxicity. Vicenin 3 is one of the major components of the Jian-Gu injection which is effective in the clinical treatment of OA. However, its potential impact on OA remain poorly understood. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the effects of vicenin 3 on interleukin (IL)-1ß-treated SW1353 chondrocytes, which mimic the microenvironment of OA. These chondrocytes were pretreated with vicenin 3 (0, 5 and 20 µM) for 1 h and subsequently stimulated with IL-1ß (10 ng/ml) for 24 h. Nitric oxide (NO) production was measured using the Griess reaction, whereas the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), A disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTSs), collagen type II and aggrecan were measured using ELISA. The mRNA expression of MMPs and ADAMTSs were measured using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. The protein expression levels of MAPK were measured using western blotting. Vicenin 3 was found to significantly inhibit IL-1ß-induced production of NO and PGE. Increments in the expression levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 induced by IL-1ß, in addition to the IL-1ß-induced degradation of collagen type II and aggrecan, were all reversed by vicenin 3 treatment. Furthermore, vicenin 3 suppressed IL-1ß-stimulated MAPK activation, an effect that was similar to that exerted by SB203580, a well-known p38 MAPK inhibitor. In conclusion, vicenin 3 may confer therapeutic potential similar to that of the p38 MAPK inhibitor for the treatment of OA.

5.
Blood Purif ; : 1-10, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is one of the main comorbidities in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Sacubitril/valsartan (SAC/VAL) is widely used in HF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) or HF mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF). However, the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic properties of SAC/VAL in HD patients with HF remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the efficacy and PK properties of SAC/VAL in HD patients with HFrEF or HFmrEF. METHODS: HD patients with HFrEF or HFmrEF were treated with SAC/VAL 50 or 100 mg twice a day (BID) and the concentrations of valsartan and LBQ657 (active metabolite of SAC) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry during HD and on the days between HD sessions (interval days). N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity troponin T were measured, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was evaluated by echocardiography. RESULTS: The mean maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) of LBQ657 and VAL on the interval days were 15.46 ± 6.01 and 2.57 ± 1.23 mg/L, respectively. Compared with previous values in patients with severe renal impairment and healthy volunteers, these levels both remained within the safe concentration ranges during treatment with SAC/VAL 100 mg BID. Moreover, SAC/VAL significantly improved LVEF in HD patients with HFrEF or HFmrEF (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HD did not remove the SAC metabolite LBQ657 or VAL in patients with HF. However, SAC/VAL 100 mg BID was safe and effective in patients undergoing HD.

6.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 361, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is insensitive to many chemotherapeutic agents. Ferroptosis is a form of programmed cell death with a Fenton reaction mechanism. It converts endogenous hydrogen peroxide into highly toxic hydroxyl radicals, which inhibit hepatocellular carcinoma progression. METHODS: The morphology, elemental composition, and tumour microenvironment responses of various organic/inorganic nanoplatforms were characterised by different analytical methods. Their in vivo and in vitro tumour-targeting efficacy and imaging capability were analysed by magnetic resonance imaging. Confocal microscopy, flow cytometry, and western blotting were used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms of complementary ferroptosis/apoptosis mediated by the nanoplatforms. RESULTS: The nanoplatform consisted of a silica shell doped with iron and disulphide bonds and an etched core loaded with doxorubicin that generates hydrogen peroxide in situ and enhances ferroptosis. It relied upon transferrin for targeted drug delivery and could be activated by the tumour microenvironment. Glutathione-responsive biodegradability could operate synergistically with the therapeutic interaction between doxorubicin and iron and induce tumour cell death through complementary ferroptosis and apoptosis. The nanoplatform also has a superparamagnetic framework that could serve to guide and monitor treatment under T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSION: This rationally designed nanoplatform is expected to integrate cancer diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring and provide a novel clinical antitumour therapeutic strategy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748971

RESUMO

Nitrite stress is a major environmental factor that limits aquatic animal growth, reproduction and survival. Even so, some shrimp can withstand somewhat high concentrations of nitrite environment as our previous studies indicated. Therefore, we hypothesized that these shrimps might have specific adaptive strategies to adapt to high concentrations of nitrite environment. To identify the genes and pathways involved in the regulation of nitrite tolerance, we performed comparative transcriptomic analysis in the Litopenaeus vannamei nitrite-tolerant (NT) and nitrite-sensitive (NS) families, and untreated shrimps were used as the control group. After 24 h of nitrite exposure (NaNO2, 112.5 mg/L), a total of 1521 and 868 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained from NT compared with NS and control group, respectively. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that most of these DEGs were involved in immune defense, energy metabolism processes and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Nitrite stress significantly enhanced energy metabolism in NT by activating the expression of genes encoding key enzymes in oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) pathway and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Furthermore, some DEGs involved in innate immunity- related genes and pathways, and ER stress responses were highly expressed in NT. Therefore, we speculate that accelerated energy metabolism, higher expression of immunity and ER related genes might be the important adaptive strategies for NT in relative to NS under nitrite stress. These results will provide new sights on the potential tolerant molecular mechanisms and the breeding of new varieties of nitrite tolerant L. vannamei, with possible implications for other aquatic animals.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upregulation of mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin ligase 1 (Mul1) contributes to brain injury in ischemic stroke due to disturbance of mitochondrial dynamics, and bioinformatics analysis predicts that Mul1 is a potential target of Dipsacoside B. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether Dipsacoside B can exert a beneficial effect on brain injury in the ischemic stroke rat via targeting Mul1. METHODS: The SD rat brains or PC12 cells were subjected to 2 h-ischemia or 8 h-hypoxia plus 24 h-reperfusion or 24 h-reoxygenation to establish the ischemic stroke rat model in vivo or in vitro, which were treated with Dipsacoside B at different dosages. The brain or PC12 cell injury, relevant protein levels and mitochondrial functions were measured by methods of biochemistry, flow cytometry or Western blot. RESULTS: The neurological dysfunction and brain injury (such as infarction and apoptosis) observed in the ischemic stroke rats were accompanied by increases in Mul1 and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) levels along with decreases in mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) level and ATP production. These effects were attenuated by Dipsacoside B. Consistently, cell injury (necroptosis and apoptosis) occurred in the PC12 cells exposed to hypoxia concomitant with the upregulation of Mul1 and Drp1 along with downregulation of Mfn2 and mitochondrial functions (such as increases in reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial fission and decreases in mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production).These phenomena were reversed in the presence of Dipsacoside B. CONCLUSION: Dipsacoside B can protect the rat brain against ischemic injury via inhibition of Mul1 due to the improvement of mitochondrial function.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769844

RESUMO

In this digital era, young children spend a considerable amount of time looking at telephone, tablet, computer and television screens. However, preventative eye health behavior education could help avoid and relieve asthenopia. The effects of parental influence on their children's eye health behavior through the preschool eye health education intervention program were examined. The Health Belief Model was used to develop parental involvement strategy and eye health curriculum. The study was conducted in a large public preschool with five branches in Beijing, China. A total of 248 parent-child pairs participated in the baseline and follow-up surveys, of which 129 were in the intervention group and 119 were in the comparison group. The generalized estimating equation analysis results indicated that parental involvement in preschool-based eye health intervention on screen uses had positive influence on parents' eye health knowledge, cues to action, and parenting efficacy. The intervention program also had positive effects on the increasing level of children's eye health knowledge, beliefs, cues to action, self-efficacy, and behaviors. The results supported the implementation of a preschool-based eye health intervention program with parental involvement, which could potentially enhance children's and parents' eye health beliefs and practices.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Televisão , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Computadores , Escolaridade , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho
10.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799723

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a commonly diagnosed malignancy in men. The transcription factor p53, a well-known cancer suppressor, has been extensively analyzed in the progression of many tumor types, but its involvement in PCa remains not fully understood. Hence, this study aims to explore the possible molecular mechanism underlying p53 in the growth and metastasis of PCa. Based on bioinformatics analysis findings of GEPIA and starBase databases, p53 was demonstrated to be involved in the development of PCa by transcriptionally activating microRNA-519d-3p (miR-519d-3p) expression to suppress the expression of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) and CD147. In order to verify this finding, clinically-obtained PCa tumor tissues were enrolled and commercially-purchased PCa cell lines were used to detect the cell viability, cycle, and apoptosis, as well as invasion and migration by CCK-8, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays respectively. The results of clinical tissue experiments and in vitro cell experiments showed that miR-519d-3p and p53 were poorly-expressed in PCa tissues and cell lines, while E2F1 was highly-expressed. Overexpression of miR-519d-3p led to inhibited PCa cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and p53 overexpression was found to promote miR-519d-3p expression to suppress the malignant characteristics of PCa cells, while the additional E2F1 overexpression restored the malignant traits. Moreover, ChIP analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the interactions among p53, miR-519d-3p, and E2F1. Mechanistically, it was found that p53 transcriptionally activated miR-519d-3p to suppress E2F1 expression. Finally, the in vitro results were further validated by in vivo experiments, which showed that miR-519d-3p prevents tumorigenesis and lymph node metastasis of PCa in nude mice via negatively regulation of E2F1 and CD147. Taken together, the findings uncover that the transcription factor p53 could upregulate miR-519d-3p expression to directly suppress the expression of E2F1, thus inhibiting PCa growth and metastasis. It highlights a novel therapeutic strategy against PCa based on the p53/miR-519d-3p/E2F1 regulatory pathway.

11.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 2095, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China is facing big challenges to achieve the "90-90-90 targets". The HIV prevalence of elderly (≥50 years) men have been steadily increasing in China, mainly through the sexual transmission route, but sexual behaviors of them are far from well-studied. In 2019, elderly men accounted for 59.2% of HIV/AIDS cases in Sichuan, China. METHODS: The research design is a cross-sectional study. Face-to-face interviews were conducted among 795 HIV negative elderly men from rural Chengdu, capital City of Sichuan. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to examine factors associated with commercial heterosexual behavior from a modified Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) perspective. RESULTS: 129 (16.23%) respondents admitted high-risk sexual behaviors, including 11.07% commercial heterosexual behavior, 6.16% extramarital, 2.89% casual and 0.25% homosexual behavior, and no one used condom consistently. 427(68.43%) had ever gotten HIV-related Health Education (HRHE), mainly through mass media (70.49%). The HIV-related knowledge awareness rate was only 31.41%. Migration history (AOR =2.46,95% CI = 1.02-5.91), age(≥60 vs. 50-59, OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.19-0.91), receiving HRHE from mass media (OR = 0.37, 95%CI = 0.16-0.85), marital status (married vs. never married, OR = 0.04, 95%CI = 0-0.52), and undecided (AOR =0.02, 95%CI = 0.01-0.09) and objection (AOR =0.04, 95%CI = 0.01-0.1) attitude toward commercial sex were related to lifetime commercial heterosexual behavior. CONCLUSIONS: High-risk sexual behaviors are common among elderly men from rural areas in Chengdu. Receiving HRHE from mass media and undecided and objection attitude toward commercial sex prevent elderly from being involving in commercial heterosexual behavior. According to the results, health facilities should continue to conduct systematic interventions, paying more attention to 50-59 years old group. Sex and condom use need to be talked in public. Working with mass media, health facilities give elderly men education not only focusing on HIV/AIDS, but also on knowledge and skills of condom use.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(47): 56171-56180, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784191

RESUMO

Considering the flexibility, adjustable pore structure, and abundant active sites of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), rational design and fine control of the MOF-based hetero-nanocrystals is a highly important and challenging subject. In this work, self-assembly of a 3D hollow BiOBr@Bi-MOF microsphere was fabricated through precisely controlled dissociation kinetics of the self-sacrificial template (BiOBr) for the first time, where the residual quantity of BiOBr and the formation of Bi-MOF were carefully regulated by changing the reaction time and the capability of coordination. Meanwhile, the hollow microstructure was formed in BiOBr@Bi-MOF through the Oswald ripening mechanism to separate photogenerated electron-hole pairs and increase the adsorption capacity of Bi-MOF for dyes, which significantly enhanced the photocatalytic degradation efficiency of RhB from 56.4% for BiOBr to 99.4% for the optimal BiOBr@Bi-MOF microsphere. This research broadens the selectivity of semiconductor/MOF hetero-nanocrystals with reasonable design and flexible synthesis.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(47): 19956-19965, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792328

RESUMO

The wide usage of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) has raised the quest for their deuterated molecules. Effective synthesis method to obtain them, however, has remained elusive. We present here a catalytic method for the preparation of deuterated NHCs, namely, the catalytic hydrogen-deuterium exchange reaction between NHCs and deuterated benzene using a coordinatively unsaturated Ru NHC catalyst. The catalytic system enables selective deuteration of the C(sp3)-H bonds of the alkyl groups on N-substituents, as well as the sterically nonhindered C(sp2)-H bonds of NHCs as demonstrated by the preparation of 16 deuterium-labeled NHCs that have a deuteration ratio on specified sites higher than 90%. The gram-scale synthesis of deuterated IMes indicated the applicability of this catalytic method. Mechanistic studies revealed that the high regio-selectivity toward those C(sp3)-H bonds on NHCs originates from the regio-selectivity of cyclometalation reactions of coordinatively unsaturated Ru NHC species.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812623

RESUMO

A type III polyketide synthase (SfuPKS1) from the edible seaweed Sargassum fusiforme was molecularly cloned and biochemically characterized. The recombinant SfuPKS1 catalyzed the condensation of fatty acyl-CoA with two or three malonyl-CoA using lactone-type intramolecular cyclization to produce tri- and/or tetraketides. Moreover, it can also utilize phenylpropanoyl-CoA to synthesize phloroglucinol derivatives through Claisen-type cyclization, exhibiting broad substrate and catalysis specificity. Furthermore, the catalytic efficiency (kcat/KM) for acetyl-CoA was 11.8-fold higher than that for 4-coumaroyl-CoA. A pathway for the synthesis of naringenin involving SfuPKS1 was also constructed in Escherichia coli by recombinant means, resulting in 4.9 mg of naringenin per liter.

15.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 33109-33120, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809129

RESUMO

We demonstrate a high linear polarization, narrow linewidth hybrid laser composed of a semiconductor gain chip and a high birefringence waveguide Bragg grating (WBG). The laser operates in the C-band, and a maximum output power of 8.07 mW is obtained in the fiber waveguide. With careful temperature tuning, the hybrid laser can operate in a single longitudinal mode state from above the threshold current to 410 mA. The side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) reaches a value of 50.2 dB, and the polarization extinction ratio exceeds 39.6 dB. We numerically analyze the linewidth suppression for the Bragg grating based on adiabatic chirp theory. The hybrid laser shows a narrow linewidth of 4.15 kHz and a low relative intensity noise (RIN) of <-155 dBc/Hz, providing a high-performance light source for coherent light communication.

16.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The overwhelming majority of hangman's fractures cause anterior dislocation of C2. Hangman's fracture with C2 posterior dislocation is extremely rare, only one paediatric case was reported in 2018 to date. This kind of injury cannot be catalogued using current classification schemes and no established treatment recommendations exist. The purpose of this article is to report a rare case of a hangman's fracture with C2 posterior dislocation, which does not fit into existing classification systems and discuss management technical notes to avoid pitfalls. METHODS: Description of case, review of relevant literatures and share our experience. RESULTS: A 31-year-old male sustained hangman's fracture with C2 posterior dislocation after fell into a 50cm deep roadside ditch when riding a motorcycle. Radiograph and computed tomography (CT) on admission showed fractures through both pars of C2 and C2 posterior dislocation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on admission showed high T2-weighted signal intensity of cervical spinal cord and compression of cervical spinal cord by posterior dislocation of C2 vertebral body. A C2-3 anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) was performed. At 6 months after operation, bony fusion was achieved, and MRI showed the T2-weighted signal hyperintensity of cervical spinal cord before surgery disappeared. CONCLUSION: C2-C3 ACDF is recommended for hangman's fractures with C2 posterior dislocation. Traction before surgery is not recommended.

17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838856

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus biofilms have emerged as a serious threat to human health. Recently, the development of antibiotic replacement therapy has gained much attention due to the potential application of bacteriocin. The present study sought to evaluate the antibacterial effect of bacteriocin XJS01 against MDR S. aureus, a previously reported bacteriocin against S. aureus strain 2612:1606BL1486 (S. aureus_26, an MDR strain demonstrated here), and its potential application as an antibiofilm agent. The minimum bactericide concentration of XJS01 against MDR S. aureus_26 was 33.18 µg/mL. XJS01 exhibited excellent storage stability and resistance against acid and reduced the density of established MDR S. aureus_26 biofilm. The hemolytic and HEK293T cytotoxicity activities of XJS01 and the histological analyses in mice confirmed its safety. Moreover, XJS01 effectively disrupted the MDR S. aureus_26 biofilm established on the skin wound surface and reduced the biofilm-isolated bacteria, thereby decreasing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the proliferation of alternatively activated macrophages. Compared to mupirocin, XJS01 exhibited an excellent therapeutic effect on mice skin wounds, confirming it to be a potential alternative to antibiotics.

19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is a familiar and widespread fruit, cultivated worldwide. To date, physiological and chemical changes in fermented persimmon fruit and its active compounds have been rarely investigated. Moreover, comparative studies on the pharmacological activities of fermented persimmon fruit-derived compounds have not been reported. RESULTS: To investigate the effect of traditional fermented foods on immunostimulatory activity, non-fermented persimmon fruit (D. kaki, DK) and fermented persimmon fruit (fermented D. kaki, FDK) were prepared and further fractionated into low- and high-molecular weight fractions. FDK exhibited significantly higher activity toward the production of macrophage-stimulatory mediators compared with that of DK, and the high-molecular weight fraction (FDK-H) isolated from FDK was shown to have more potent activity than FDK. FDK-H not only increased the expression of immunostimulatory genes (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12, and iNOS), but also stimulated the phosphorylation of both MAPK (ERK, JNK, and p38) and NF-κB (p65 and IκB) signaling molecules underlying macrophage activation. The putative chemical characteristic of FDK-H was identified as a pectic rhamnogalacturonan (RG) I-rich polysaccharide with a high molecular weight of 304 kDa containing galacturonic acid, arabinose, rhamnose, and galactose as the major monosaccharide units. CONCLUSION: The present study reveals that traditional fermentation is a useful method for increasing the macrophage-immunostimulatory activity of persimmon fruit, and the increased activity may be associated with structural modification of persimmon polysaccharides. This study may serve to identify a functional ingredient as an immunostimulatory agent, and our results may be applied to develop a new immunostimulatory product using FDK-H. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

20.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 683-687, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821106

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effects of 12-week Taijiquan exercise on the microvascular reactivity of middle-aged and elderly patients with mild hypertension and to explore the mechanisms of microvascular reactivity. Methods: Thirty patients with mild hypertension were divided into exercise group (53.8±6.3 years old) and control group (52.6±7.5 years old). The number and gender ratio of the two groups were the same. The exercise group performed Tai Chi exercise for 12 weeks, and the control group maintained the original lifestyle and did not do other regular sports. The two groups of subjects were tested for microvascular reactivity, blood pressure, serum nitric oxide content, and nitric oxide synthase activity before exercise intervention, 6th week and 12th week, respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in the basic values of each index between the two groups of subjects before the test (P> 0.05). In the 6th week, the microvascular reactivity (blood flow increase rate), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, nitric oxide content, nitric oxide synthase activity of the exercise group did not significantly change from the basic value (P>0.05). At the 12th week, the microvascular reactivity, nitric oxide content, c nitric oxide synthase activity were significantly higher than those of the base values and the control group (P<0.05), but the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower than those of the base values and control group (P<0.05). In the control group, there were no significant changes in the 6th and 12th week values of each index from the basic value (P>0.05). Conclusion: Twelve weeks of Taijiquan exercise can improve the microvascular reactivity of middle-aged hypertensive patients, reduce blood pressure, and increase the nitric oxide content and c nitric oxide synthase of patients. The increase of endogenous nitric oxide production is one of the biological mechanisms of Tai Chi exercise to improve the microvascular responsiveness of hypertension patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Tai Ji , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Hipertensão/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase
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