Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.791
Filtrar
1.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566938

RESUMO

Enzymatic preparation of low-molecular-weight chondroitin sulfate (LMWCS) has received increasing attention. In this work, a chondroitin sulfate lyase ABC (Chon-ABC) was successfully cloned, expressed, and characterized. The Km and Vmax of the Chon-ABC were 0.54 mM and 541.3 U mg-1, respectively. The maximal activity was assayed as 500.4 U mg-1 at 37 °C in pH 8.0 phosphate buffer saline. The half-lives of the Chon-ABC were 133 d and 127 min at 4 °C and 37 °C, respectively. Enzymatic preparation of LMWCS was performed at room temperature for 30 min. The changes between the substrate and product were analyzed with mass spectrometry (MS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Overall, the Chon-ABC from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron is competitive in large-scale enzymatic preparation of LMWCS for its high activity, stability, and substrate specificity.

2.
Front Chem ; 10: 899287, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572110

RESUMO

Iron-chromium redox flow batteries (ICRFBs) have the advantages of high safety, long cycle life, flexible design, and low maintenance costs. Polyacrylonitrile-based graphite felt composite material has good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, large surface area and excellent electrical conductivity, and is often used as the electrode material of ICRFB, but its chemical activity is poor. In order to improve the activity of the graphite felt electrode, In3+ was used for modification in this paper, and the modified graphite felt was used as the electrode material for iron-chromium batteries. The structure and surface morphology of the modified graphite felt were analyzed by the specific surface area analyzer and scanning electron microscope; the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry experiments were carried out on the electrochemical workstation to study the electro catalytic activity of In3+ modified graphite felt and its performance in ICRFBS. The results show that the graphite felt electrode modified with a concentration of 0.2 M In3+ was activated at 400°C for 2 h, and its surface showed a lot of grooves, and the specific surface area reached 3.889 m2/g, while the specific surface area of the untreated graphite felt was only 0.995 m2/g significantly improved. Electrochemical tests show that the electrochemical properties of graphite felt electrodes are improved after In3+ modification. Therefore, the In3+ modified graphite felt electrode can improve the performance of ICRFB battery, and also make it possible to realize the engineering application of ICRFB battery.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548946

RESUMO

The Auger recombination effect is strongly enhanced in semiconductor nanocrystals due to the quantum confinement, and various strategies in chemical synthesis have been employed so far to suppress this nonradiative decay pathway of multiple excitons. Here we apply external electric fields on single CdSe/CdS giant nanocrystals at room temperature, showing that the biexciton Auger and single-exciton radiative rates can be averagely decreased by ∼40 and ∼10%, respectively. In addition to a reduced overlap of the electron-hole wavefunctions, the large decrease of biexciton Auger rate could be contributed by the enhanced exciton-exciton repulsion, while the electron-hole exchange interaction might be weakened to cause the relatively small decrease of the single-exciton radiative rate. The above findings have thus proved that the external electric field can serve as a post-synthetic knob to tune the exciton recombination dynamics in semiconductor nanocrystals towards their efficient applications in various optoelectronic devices.

4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 873789, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572515

RESUMO

Despite impressive progress, a significant portion of patients still experience primary or secondary resistance to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (r/r DLBCL). The mechanism of primary resistance involves T-cell extrinsic and intrinsic dysfunction. In the present study, a total of 135 patients of DLBCL treated with murine CD19/CD22 cocktail CAR T-therapy were assessed retrospectively. Based on four criteria (maximal expansion of the transgene/CAR-positive T-cell levels post-infusion [Cmax], initial persistence of the transgene by the CAR transgene level at +3 months [Tlast], CD19+ B-cell levels [B-cell recovery], and the initial response to CAR T-cell therapy), 48 patients were included in the research and divided into two groups (a T-normal group [n=22] and a T-defect [n=26] group). According to univariate and multivariate regression analyses, higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels before leukapheresis (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.922; p = 0.045) and lower cytokine release syndrome (CRS) grade after CAR T-cell infusion (HR = 0.150; p = 0.026) were independent risk factors of T-cell dysfunction. Moreover, using whole-exon sequencing, we found that germline variants in 47 genes were significantly enriched in the T-defect group compared to the T-normal group (96% vs. 41%; p<0.0001), these genes consisted of CAR structure genes (n=3), T-cell signal 1 to signal 3 genes (n=13), T cell immune regulation- and checkpoint-related genes (n=9), cytokine- and chemokine-related genes (n=13), and T-cell metabolism-related genes (n=9). Heterozygous germline UNC13D mutations had the highest intergroup differences (26.9% vs. 0%; p=0.008). Compound heterozygous CX3CR1 I249/M280 variants, referred to as pathogenic and risk factors according to the ClinVar database, were enriched in the T-defect group (3 of 26). In summary, the clinical characteristics and T-cell immunodeficiency genetic features may help explain the underlying mechanism of treatment primary resistance and provide novel insights into CAR T-cell immunotherapy.

5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 360-365, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical efficacy of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with appendix-related chronic abdominal pain. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 30 children with the chief complaint of chronic abdominal pain who were admitted from August 2019 to May 2021. All the children were found to have inflammation of the appendix or intracavitary stool and fecalith by ultrasound and underwent ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy. The medical data for analysis included clinical manifestations, endoscopic findings, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, length of hospital stay, and cure rate. RESULTS: Among the 30 children with chronic abdominal pain, there were 13 boys (43%) and 17 girls (57%), with a mean age of (9±3) years (range 3-15 years) at diagnosis. The median duration of the disease was 12 months, and the median length of hospital stay was 3 days. The children had a median white blood cell count of 6.7×109/L and a neutrophil percentage of 50%±13%. Fecalith and a large amount of feces were flushed out of the appendix cavity for 21 children (70%) during surgery. The follow-up rate was 97% (29/30), and the median follow-up time was 11 months (range 5-26 months). Of the 29 children, abdominal pain completely disappeared in 27 children (93%). CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy is effective in children with chronic abdominal pain caused by feces or fecalith in the appendix cavity.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Apêndice , Impacção Fecal , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adolescente , Apendicite/diagnóstico por imagem , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
6.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 10(2): 284-296, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528990

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is listed as one of the most common causes of cancer-related death. Oncolytic therapy has become a promising treatment because of novel immunotherapies and gene editing technology, but biosafety concerns remain the biggest limitation for clinical application. We studied the the antitumor activity and biosafety of the wild-type Newcastle disease virus HK84 strain (NDV/HK84) and 10 other NDV strains. Methods: Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by cell counting Kit-8 and fluorescein isothiocyanate Annexin V apoptosis assays. Colony formation, wound healing, and a xenograft mouse model were used to evaluate in vivo and in vitro oncolytic effectiveness. The safety of NDV/HK84 was tested in nude mice by an in vivo luciferase imaging system. The replication kinetics of NDV/HK84 in normal tissues and tumors were evaluated by infectious-dose assays in eggs. RNA sequencing analysis was performed to explore NDV/HK84 activity and was validated by quantitative real-time PCR. Results: The cell counting Kit-8 assays of viability found that the oncolytic activity of the NDV strains differed with the multiplicity of infection (MOI). At an MOI of 20, the oncolytic activity of all NDV strains except the DK/JX/21358/08 strain was >80%. The oncolytic activities of the NDV/HK84 and DK/JX/8224/04 strains were >80% at both MOI=20 and MOI=2. Only NDV/HK84 had >80% oncolytic activities at both MOI=20 and MOI=2. We chose NDV/HK84 as the candidate virus to test the oncolytic effect of NDV in HCC in the in vitro and in vivo experiments. NDV/HK84 killed human SK-HEP-1 HCC cells without affecting healthy cells. Conclusions: Intratumor infection with NDV/HK84 strains compared with vehicle controls or positive controls indicated that NDV/HK84 strain specifically inhibited HCC without affecting healthy mice. High-throughput RNA sequencing showed that the oncolytic activity of NDV/HK84 was dependent on the activation of type I interferon signaling.

7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 884448, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530327

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer (ESCA) is a common malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Accumulating evidence indicates an important role of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) in the progression and development of various cancers. In this study, we obtained RNA-sequencing raw count data and the corresponding clinical information for ESCA samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus databases. We comprehensively investigated the expression and prognostic significance of LAMP2 and relationships between LAMP2 expression and prognosis, different clinicopathological parameters, and immune cell infiltration in ESCA. We also obtained the differentially expressed genes between the high LAMP2 expression and low LAMP2 expression groups in ESCA and performed a functional enrichment analysis of the 250 linked genes most positively related to LAMP2 expression. Moreover, we performed the pan-cancer analysis of LAMP2 to further analyze the role of LAMP2 in 25 commonly occurring types of human cancer. We also verified and compared the expression of LAMP2 in 40 samples of human ESCA tissue and adjacent tissues. The results indicated that LAMP2 expression was significantly upregulated in ESCA and various human cancers. In addition, LAMP2 expression was associated with certain clinicopathological parameters, prognosis, and immune infiltration in ESCA and the other types of cancer. Our study represents a comprehensive pan-cancer analysis of LAMP2 and supports the potential use of the modulation of LAMP2 in the management of ESCA and various cancers.

8.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 2236250, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530415

RESUMO

The odontoblastic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) contributes to pulp-dentin regeneration. Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) is considered to be a critical epithelial signal to induce cell differentiation during odontogenesis and has been widely applied to clinical periodontal tissue regeneration. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of EMD on DPSCs proliferation and odontoblastic differentiation, as well as the underlying mechanisms. We conducted in vitro and in vivo researches to get a comprehensive understanding of EMD. In vitro phase: cell proliferation was assessed by a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay; then, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and staining, alizarin red staining, real-time RT-PCR, and western blot analysis were conducted to determine the odontoblastic potential and involvement of MAPK signaling pathways. In vivo phase: after ensuring the biocompatibility of VitroGel 3D-RGD via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the hydrogel mixture was subcutaneously injected into nude mice followed by histological and immunohistochemical analyses. The results revealed that EMD did not interfere with DPSCs proliferation but promoted the odontoblastic differentiation of DPSCs in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, blocking the MAPK pathways suppressed the EMD-enhanced differentiation of DPSCs. Finally, VitroGel 3D-RGD could well support the proliferation, differentiation, and regeneration of DPSCs. Overall, this study demonstrates that EMD enhances the odontoblastic differentiation of DPSCs through triggering MAPK signaling pathways. The findings provide a new insight into the mechanism by which EMD affects DPSCs differentiation and proposes EMD as a promising candidate for future stem cell therapy in endodontics.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2028-2037, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531718

RESUMO

Precious Tibetan medicine formula is a characteristic type of medicine commonly used in the clinical treatment of central nervous system diseases. Through the summary of modern research on the precious Tibetan medicine formulas such as Ratnasampil, Ershiwuwei Zhenzhu Pills, Ershiwewei Shanhu Pills, and Ruyi Zhenbao Pills, it is found that they have obvious advantages in the treatment of stroke, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, angioneurotic headache, and vascular dementia. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the mechanisms of precious Tibetan medicine formulas in improving central nervous system diseases are that they promote microcirculation of brain tissue, regulate the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, alleviate inflammation, relieve oxidative stress damage, and inhibit nerve cell apoptosis. This review summarizes the clinical and pharmacological studies on precious Tibetan medicine formulas in prevention and treatment of central nervous system diseases, aiming to provide a reference for future in-depth research and innovative discovery of Tibetan medicine against central nervous diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Encéfalo , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Physiol Plant ; : e13713, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561122

RESUMO

APETALA3 (AP3) and PISTILLATA (PI) are B-class MADS-box floral homeotic genes of Arabidopsis and are involved in specifying the identity of petals and stamens. In the present work, IiAP3 and IiPI, the respective orthologous genes of AP3 and PI, were cloned from Isatis indigotica. By expressing in ap3-6 and pi-1 homozygous mutant and in wild-type Arabidopsis under the control of AP3 promoter or CaMV 35S promoter, we demonstrated that IiAP3 and IiPI were functionally equivalent to AP3 and PI of Arabidopsis. Referring to previous reports and the research results in the present work, expression patterns of AP3 and PI homologs are not the same in different angiosperms possessing diverse floral structures. It suggests that the alterations in expression may contribute to the changing morphology of flowers. To further determine the relationship between IiAP3 and IiPI, the coding sequences of the different structural regions in these two proteins were swapped with each other, and the data collected from transgenic Arabidopsis plants of the chimeric constructs suggested that MADS domain was irreplaceable for the function of IiAP3, K domain of IiAP3 was involved in specifying the identity of stamens, K domain of IiPI was mainly related to the formation of petals, and C-terminal region of IiPI was involved in characterization of stamens. In addition, a complete KC region of these two proteins was more effective in phenotypic complementation of the mutants.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(18): e29199, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550468

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: When initiating urate-lowering therapy, using anti-inflammatory prophylaxis therapy for at least 3 to 6 months is strongly recommended. Previous studies have found that zhengqing fengtongning sustained-release tablets (sinomenine) can improve inflammation in the acute phase of gout; however, the efficacy of urate-lowering therapy in reducing frequency of acute flares still needs to be investigated. The aim of the present study is to explore the efficacy and safety of sinomenine for prophylaxis of acute flares when initiating urate-lowering therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial will include a total of 210 gout patients who meet the study criteria. The patients will be randomized (1:1) to the test group and the control group. The intervention is planned to be performed for 12 weeks with a follow-up of 12 weeks. All patients would be administered febuxostat (40 mg/d) and concomitant anti-inflammatory prophylaxis therapy. Sinomenine and colchicine placebo are administered in the sinomenine group, sinomenine placebo and colchicine are administered in the colchicine group. The primary outcome is the rate of acute gout flares in subjects within 12 weeks of the treatment period. The secondary outcomes include the times of acute gout flares and the duration of each acute flares within 12 weeks; the compliance rate in patients whose UA levels ≤6.0 mg/dL (360 µmol/L) at the weekend of 2nd, 4th, 8th, and 12th week in each group; the proportion of patients with ≥1 and ≥2 gout flares within 12 weeks; average visual analogue scale/score pain score during gout flares; and the oral dose of etoricoxib will be used to control the onset of acute flares within 12 weeks. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Institutional Medical Ethics Committee have approved the trial protocol. We plan to publish the results of this study in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR, ChiCTR2100045114, Registered 8 April 2021 http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=124688.

12.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(2): 630-636, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557586

RESUMO

Background: Single-drug albumin-bound paclitaxel is one of the standard second-line treatments for advanced gastric cancer. Some clinical studies suggest that albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with S-1 can be used in the first-line treatment of gastric cancer. Both the two regimens have been commonly used in the past few years. Which is more effective? What's the safety? Methods: From 2016 to 2021, a total of 70 untreated patients with advanced gastric cancer were included in our study. They all received at least two cycles of chemotherapy. Among them, 37 cases received standard S-1 and oxaliplatin (SOX) regimen, and 33 cases received albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with S-1 (aTS) regimen. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and adverse events (AEs) were analyzed. The OS and PFS curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The PFS of the aTS group was higher than that of the SOX group (9.27 vs. 7.03 months; P=0.046), but there was no significant difference in the OS between the two groups (19.2 vs. 12.5 months; P=0.131). The ORR of the aTS group was higher than that of the SOX group, and the side effects were tolerable. Conclusions: Both regimens can be applied to advanced gastric cancer patients. Albumin-bound paclitaxel showed a higher ORR and could effectively prolong PFS.

13.
Trials ; 23(1): 404, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Common and frequent as acute pain is, it is often underestimated and undertreated in older people with dementia in nursing homes and inadequate pain management remains an issue. METHODS: The study is designed to be a randomized, sham-controlled trial and is underway in nursing homes located in China. A total of 206 dementia patients are being recruited from nursing homes in Yinchuan, China. They are randomly allocated to an intervention or a controlled group in a 1:1 ratio. The intervention group will be treated with true APP therapy, while the other group will receive APP at sham point stimulation therapy. The patients will be assessed at baseline (T0), at 5 min during performing the intervention (T1), and at 5 min after completion of the intervention (T2). The primary outcome is the level of pain relief at T1 and T2. Physiological parameters, side effects and additional use of analgesics during the procedure, satisfaction from caregivers, and acceptance of patients are evaluated as secondary outcomes. DISCUSSION: The results of this study are expected to verify the analgesic effect of APP for acute pain in patients with mild dementia in nursing homes. It has the potential to prompt APP therapy to be implemented widely in dementia patients with acute pain in nursing homes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100047932 . Registered on 27 June 2021. Currently, patient recruitment is ongoing. Recruitment is expected to take place from December 2020 to December 2021.

14.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543862

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the alterations of cognition and functional connectivity post noise, and find the progress and neural substrates of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL)-associated cognitive impairment. We exposed rats to 122 dB broad-band noise for 2 h to induce hearing loss and the auditory function was assessed by measuring auditory brainstem response thresholds. Morris water maze test and resting state MRI were computed at 0 day, 1, 3, 6 months post noise to reveal cognitive ability and neural substrate. The interregional connections in the auditory network and default mode network, as well as the connections using the auditory cortex and cingulate cortex as seeds were also examined addtionally. The deficit in spatial learning/memory was only observed at 6 months after noise exposure. The internal connections in the auditory network and default mode network were enhanced at 0 day and decreased at 6 months post noise. The connectivity using the auditory cortex and cingulate cortex as seeds generally followed the rule of "enhancement-normal-decrease-widely decrease". A new model accounting for arousal, dementia, motor control of NIHL in is proposed. Our study highlights the fundamental flexibility of neural systems, and may also point toward novel therapeutic strategies for treating sensory disorders.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522974

RESUMO

The insufficient activation of a S/C cathode makes insufficient utilization of S in Li-S pouch cells, while the deep activation of a S/C cathode in a formation process is time-consuming and produces lithium polysulfides, which corrode a Li anode. Both situations lead to a low actual capacity of the Li-S pouch cells with a high S loading but are ignored for coin cells. In this work, electrochemical oscillation (EOS) formation employing hundreds of shallow discharge/charge cycles with high frequency was used to replace the resting and/or one deep discharge/charge cycle of traditional (TD) formation protocols. By controlling the discharge/charge capacity separately, symmetric oscillation (SOS) and asymmetric oscillation (ASOS) protocols were performed to facilitate the infiltration of electrolyte into the S cathode and restrict the formed lithium polysulfide in the cathode region. For SOS formation, the batteries were discharged/charged above 2.4 V with the same (symmetric) capacity with 2.78 × 10-3 Hz of oscillation frequency (∼1.4 mAh/g for SOS-500), in which the polysulfide dissolution was suppressed effectively. For ASOS formation, 100% discharge capacity (also ∼1.4 mAh/g for ASOS-500) and 92% charge capacity are set in each oscillation period, which leads to better activation effect but more shuttling polysulfides than SOS. Compared with SOS protocol, for ASOS protocol, more oxidative S (instead of polysulfides) inside original nonactivated cathode will be preferentially reduced in the next discharging process, but all the accumulated polysulfides during discharge of activation are oxidized into elemental S in the final charging process. These efficient formation protocols increase the practical capacity by up to 160% after 50 cycles without any change in pouch cell assembly.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2049-2055, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531720

RESUMO

The present study investigated the mechanism of the Tibetan medicine Ershiwuwei Songshi Pills(ESP) against the liver injury induced by acetaminophen(APAP) in mice based on the kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1)/nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2(Nrf2) and Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) p65 signaling pathways. Kunming mice were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model group, an N-acetyl-L-cysteine(NAC) group, and high-(400 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-(200 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-dose(100 mg·kg~(-1)) ESP groups. After 14 days of continuous administration, except for those in the control group, the mice were intraperitoneally injected with 200 mg·kg~(-1) APAP. After 12 h, the serum and liver tissues of mice were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was performed on pathological sections of the liver, and the levels of aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) in the serum and the levels of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), myeloperoxidase(MPO), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in liver tissue homogenate were detected to observe and analyze the protective effect of ESP on APAP-induced liver injury in mice. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta(IL-1ß), and interleukin-6(IL-6) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The protein expression of Nrf2, Keap1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 in the liver was determined by Western blot. Quantitative real-time was used to determine the mRNA expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit(GCLC), glutamate-cysteine ligase regulatory subunit(GCLM), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase quinone 1(NQO-1) in the liver to explore the mechanism of ESP in improving APAP-induced liver damage in mice. As revealed by results, compared with the model group, the ESP groups showed improved liver pathological damage, decreased ALT and AST levels in the serum and MDA and MPO content in the liver, increased GSH, SOD, CAT, and T-AOC in the liver, reduced TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum, down-regulated expression of Keap1 in the liver cytoplasm and NF-κB p65 in the liver nucleus, up-regulated expression of Nrf2 in the liver nucleus, insignificant change in TLR4 expression, and elevated relative mRNA expression levels of antioxidant genes GCLC, GCLM, HO-1, and NQO-1. ESP can reduce the oxidative damage and inflammation caused by APAP, and the mechanism may be related to the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and the signal transduction factors on the TLR4/NF-κB p65 pathway.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/metabolismo , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/farmacologia , Glutationa , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fígado , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2074-2081, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531723

RESUMO

The present study investigated the mechanism of the Tibetan patent medicine Ershiwuwei Shanhu Pills(ESP) in alleviating Alzheimer's disease in mice via Akt/mTOR/GSK-3ß signaling pathway. BALB/c mice were randomly assigned into a blank control group, a model group, low(200 mg·kg~(-1)), medium(400 mg·kg~(-1)) and high(800 mg·kg~(-1)) dose groups of ESP, and donepezil hydrochloride group. Except the blank control group, the other groups were given 20 mg·kg~(-1) aluminum chloride by gavage and 120 mg·kg~(-1) D-galactose by intraperitoneal injection for 56 days to establish Alzheimer's disease model. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory ability of mice. The level of p-tau protein in mouse hippocampus and the levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), catalase(CAT), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in hippocampus and serum were detected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Nissl staining were performed for the pathological observation of whole brain in mice. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling(TUNEL) staining was employed for the observation of apoptosis in mouse cortex. Western blot was adopted to detect the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-Akt, and GSK-3ß in the hippocampus. Compared with the model group, the ESP groups showcased alleviated pathological damage of the whole brain, decreased TUNEL positive cells, reduced level of p-tau protein in hippocampus, and risen SOD, CAT, and T-AOC levels and declined MDA level in hippocampus and serum. Furthermore, the ESP groups had up-regulated protein levels of p-mTOR and p-Akt while down-regulated protein level of GSK-3ß in hippocampus. Therefore, ESP can alleviate the learning and memory decline and oxidative damage in mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by D-galactose combined with aluminum chloride, which may be related to Akt/mTOR/GSK-3ß signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Cloreto de Alumínio/efeitos adversos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Galactose/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Extratos Vegetais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteínas tau
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2082-2089, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531724

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the mechanism of the Tibetan medicine Ershiwuwei Shanhu Pills(ESP) in improving scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairment in mice based on Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. ICR mice were randomized into blank group, model group, low-dose(200 mg·kg~(-1)), medium-dose(400 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-dose(800 mg·kg~(-1)) ESP groups, and donepezil hydrochloride group. The learning and memory impairment was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of scopola-mine. The learning and memory abilities of mice were detected by Morris water maze test, and the damage of hippocampal neurons and cortical neurons was detected based on Nissl staining. The expression of neuron specific nuclear protein(NeuN) in hippocampus and cortex of mice was determined by immunofluorescence assay, and the content of acetylcholine(Ach) and the activity of acetylcholines-terase(AchE) in hippocampus of mice by kits. Moreover, the content of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), catalase(CAT), and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in serum of mice was detected. The content of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) in hippocampus was determined by Western blot. The results showed that there were significant differences in the trajectory map of mice among different groups in the behavioral experiment. Moreover, the latency of ESP groups decreased significantly compared with that in the model group. The hippocampal neurons in the high-dose ESP group were significantly more than those in the model group and the cortical neurons in the high-dose and medium-dose ESP groups were significantly more than those in the model group. The expression of NeuN in the model group was significantly decreased compared with that in the blank group, and the expression in the ESP groups was significantly higher than that in the model group. The AchE activity and MDA level were significantly decreased, and Ach content and levels of SOD, CAT, and T-AOC in the ESP groups were significantly increased in the ESP groups compared with those in the model group. The expression of Keap1 in the model group was significantly increased compared with that in the blank group, and the Keap1 expression increased insignificantly in ESP groups compared with that in the model group. The expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was significantly lower in the model group than in the blank group, and the expression was significantly higher in the medium-dose ESP group than in the model group. In conclusion, ESP protected mice against the scopolamine-induced learning and memory impairment by regulating the Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Escopolamina , Animais , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais , Escopolamina/efeitos adversos , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 817969, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574341

RESUMO

Background: Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare, aggressive, large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The prognosis of IVLBCL in patients with central nervous system recurrence after first-line chemotherapy treatment is extremely poor. Among immunotherapies, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy has been recently found to be a highly effective treatment for B-cell lymphoma, especially for relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. However, no guidelines are available that provide a clear consensus regarding the management of patients with relapsed/refractory IVLBCL. Here, we report, for the first time, the use of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and CAR T-cell therapy in a patient with relapsed/refractory IVLBCL. Case Presentation: A 42-year-old woman was diagnosed with IVLBCL based on liver biopsy and developed central nervous system (CNS) progression. The patient received ASCT combined with murine monoclonal anti-CD19 and anti-CD22 CAR T-cell therapy. She achieved complete remission for 22 months so far with negative minimal residual disease and continues to be followed up. Conclusion: ASCT combined with CAR T-cell therapy was the best choice for treatment of relapsed/refractory IVLBCL, as it allowed the achievement of a lasting complete remission.

20.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hypophosphatemia might cause respiratory and heart failure and even death. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for hypophosphatemia and refeeding-related hypophosphatemia in patients requiring parental nutrition (PN). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study. Clinical parameters were obtained from medical records. Serum phosphate (inorganic phosphorus) was measured by photometric analysis. Hypophosphatemia was confirmed when serum phosphate level was less than 0.8 mmol/L (≈2.5 mg/dl). Refeeding related hypophosphatemia was confirmed if serum phosphate level had a decrease of 0.16 mmol/L or more from baseline and if the final assessment was below 0.65 mmol/L. RESULTS: A total number of 655 (426 men and 229 women, aged 62.8 ± 14.8 years) hospitalized patients requiring PN were included in the study, and 60.6% of them were patients with cancer. The average body mass index (BMI) was 21.1 ± 4.1 kg/m2 and the median of serum phosphate was 0.9 mmol/L (quartile range: 0.68 mmol/L, 1.11 mmol/L). The prevalence of hypophosphatemia was 37.6% (246/655). Older age (≥ 65 years vs. < 65 years), lower serum level of pre-albumin (< 160 mg/L vs. ≥ 160 mg/L), calcium (< 2.11 mmol/L vs. ≥ 2.11 mmol/L), and magnesium (< 0.75 mmol/L vs. ≥ 0.75 mmol/L) were associated with high risk of hypophosphatemia by multivariate logistic regression (OR ranged from 1.43 to 3.06, all p < 0.05). Refeeding related hypophosphatemia was 9.5% (16/168). Serum level of calcium at baseline was significantly lower in participants with refeeding related hypophosphatemia than those without it. Total calorie and nitrogen delivered during first week of PN period showed no obvious difference between patients with and without refeeding related hypophosphatemia. CONCLUSIONS: Hypophosphatemia is common (37.6%) in hospitalized patients requiring PN. Monitoring of serum level of phosphorus is necessary to facilitate early treatment of hypophosphatemia.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...