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1.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 6(1): 20, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350263

RESUMO

The perplexity of the complex multispecies community interactions is one of the many reasons why majority of the microorganisms are still uncultivated. We analyzed the entire co-occurrence networks between the OTUs of Tibet and Yunnan hot spring samples, and found that less abundant OTUs such as genus Tepidimonas (relative abundant <1%) had high-degree centricity (key nodes), while dominant OTUs particularly genus Chloroflexus (relative abundant, 13.9%) formed the peripheral vertexes. A preliminary growth-promotion assay determined that Tepidimonas sp. strain SYSU G00190W enhanced the growth of Chloroflexus sp. SYSU G00190R. Exploiting this result, an ameliorated isolation medium containing 10% spent-culture supernatant of Tepidimonas sp. strain SYSU G00190W was prepared for targeted isolation of Chloroflexi in the Tibet and Yunnan hot spring samples. 16S rRNA gene fingerprinting characterized majority of the colonies isolated from these media as previously uncultivated Chloroflexi, of which 36 are potential novel species (16S rRNA sequence identity <98.5%). Metabolomes studies indicated that the spent-culture supernatant comprises several low-molecular-weight organic substrates that can be utilized as potential nutrients for the growth of these bacteria. These findings suggested that limited knowledge on the interaction of microbes provide threshold to traditional isolation method.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375943

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, motile, rod-shaped and endospore-forming strain, SYSU K30002T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from a karst cave in Xingyi county, Guizhou province, south-west China. SYSU K30002T grew at 28-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum in the absence of NaCl). The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A4α (Lys-Asp). The cell-wall sugars of SYSU K30002T were ribose, galactose and mannose, and MK-7 was the menaquinone. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c alcohol and iso-C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified phospholipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 36.1 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between SYSU K30002T and its closest relatives were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) for species delineation. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genome comparisons, strain SYSU K30002T represents a novel species of the genus Lysinibacillus, for which the name Lysinibacillusantri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU K30002T (=KCTC 33955T=CGMCC 1.13504T).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375949

RESUMO

A novel endophytic actinobacterium, designated strain EGI 650086T, was isolated from the roots of Anabasis elatior (C.A.Mey.) Schischk. collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C, pH 6.0-8.0 and in the presence of 0-6 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and concatenation of 22 protein marker genes revealed that strain EGI 650086T formed a monophyletic clade within the genus Amycolatopsis and shared the highest sequence similarities with Amycolatopsis nigrescens JCM 14717T (97.1 %) and Amycolatopsis sacchari DSM 44468T (97.0 %). Sequence similarities with type strains of other species of the genus Amycolatopsis were less than 97.0 %. The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain EGI 650086T and the reference strains were 78.1-79.8 % and 22.1-23.0 %, respectively. The genome of strain EGI 650086T was 10.9 Mb, with a DNA G+C content of 70.1 mol%. The diagnostic diamino acid in the peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major whole-cell sugars contained arabinose, galactose, glucose and ribose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9 (H4) and MK-9 (H2). Major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B). The polar lipid profile of strain EGI 650086T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides, two unknown phospholipids, an unknown glycolipid and an unknown lipid. Polyphasic taxonomic characteristics indicated that strain EGI 650086T represents a novel species of the genus Amycolatopsis, for which the name Amycolatopsis anabasis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EGI 650086T (=KCTC 49044T=CGMCC 4.7188T).

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375983

RESUMO

Four strains (SYSU SYW-1T, SYW-2, SYW-3 and XLW-1) were isolated from seawater near the shore in Guangdong Province, China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming. Growth was observed at a temperature range of 16-40 °C (optimum, 32 °C), a pH range of 4-8 (optimum, pH 7) and in the presence of up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (UQ-8), and the predominant fatty acids were C18 : 0 3-OH, C10 : 0, C14 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene and genome sequences confirmed that these strains represented a novel member of the genus Francisella, with less than 98.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and less than 95 % genomic average nucleotide identity to recognized Francisella species. The phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and the protein-concatamer tree based on a concatenation of 28 protein marker sequences both indicated that the strains clustered with 'Francisella salina' TX07-7308 and 'Francisella marina' E95-16, but formed a distinct lineage group among the other members of the genus Francisella. The DNA G+C contents of the four strains were determined to be 32.9, 32.7, 32.9 and 32.9 %, respectively (genome). On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic features, the strains are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Francisella, for which the name Francisella salimarina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU SYW-1T (=CGMCC 1.17031T=NBRC 113781T).

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365650

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common and fatal cancer. People with HCC report higher odds of comorbidity compared with people without HCC. To explore the association between HCC and medical comorbidity, we used routinely collected clinical data and applied a network perspective. In the network perspective, we used correlation analysis and community detection tests that described direct relationships among comorbidities. We collected 14,891 patients with HCC living in Jilin Province, China, between 2016 and 2018. Cirrhosis was the most common comorbidity of HCC. Hypertension and renal cysts were more common in male patients, while chronic viral hepatitis C, hypersplenism, hypoproteinemia, anemia and coronary heart disease were more common in female patients. The proportion of chronic diseases in comorbidities increased with age. The main comorbidity patterns of HCC were: HCC, cirrhosis, chronic viral hepatitis B, portal hypertension, ascites and other common complications of cirrhosis; HCC, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction; and HCC, hypoproteinemia, electrolyte disorders, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and hemorrhagic anemia. Our findings provide comprehensive information on comorbidity patterns of HCC, which may be used for the prevention and management of liver cancer.

6.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) seriously affects human health, especially, it easily develop multi-drug resistance (MDR) result in treatment failure. There is an urgent need to develop highly effective and low-toxicity therapeutic agents to treat HCC and overcome its MDR. Targeted drug delivery systems (DDS) for cancer therapy, including nanoparticles, lipids, micelles and liposomes, have been studied for decades. Recently, more and more attentions have been paid to multifunctional DDS containing various ligands such as polymer moieties, targeting moieties, and acid-labile linkages. The polymer moieties such as poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), chitosan, hyaluronic acid, pullulan, poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) protect DDS from degradation. Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) and glycyrrhetinic acid receptor (GAR) are the most often used as the targeting moieties, which are overexpressed on hepatocytes. Acid-labile linkage, catering for the pH difference between tumor cells and normal tissue, has been utilized to release drugs at tumor tissue. OBJECTIVES: This review provides a summary on the recent progresses in ASGPR and GAR-mediated and/or pH responsive HCC-targeted drug delivery. CONCLUSION: The multifunctional DDS may prolong systemic circulation, continuously release drugs, increase drugs tumor accumulation at targeted site,enhance anticancer effect, and reduce side effects both in vitro or vivo. But it is rarely used to investigate MDR of HCC, it is need to further study before in clinical.

7.
Molecules ; 25(10)2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422984

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a transcription factor that contributes to cancer progression through multiple processes of cancer development, which makes it an attractive target for cancer therapy. The IL-6/STAT3 pathway is associated with an advanced stage in colorectal cancer patients. In this study, we identified trichothecin (TCN) as a novel STAT3 inhibitor. TCN was found to bind to the SH2 domain of STAT3 and inhibit STAT3 activation and dimerization, thereby blocking STAT3 nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity. TCN did not affect phosphorylation levels of STAT1. TCN significantly inhibited cell growth, arrested cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, and induced apoptosis in HCT 116 cells. In addition, the capacities of colony formation, migration, and invasion of HCT 116 cells were impaired upon exposure to TCN with or without IL-6 stimulation. In addition, TCN treatment abolished the tube formation of HUVEC cells in vitro. Taken together, these results highlight that TCN inhibits various cancer-related features in colorectal cancer development in vitro by targeting STAT3, indicating that TCN is a promising STAT3 inhibitor that deserves further exploration in the future.

8.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406756

RESUMO

Two series of sulfonate derivatives of carvacrol and thymol were synthesized and screened in vitro for their anti-oomycete activity against Phytophthora capsici, respectively. Among all of 32 derivatives, five compounds 3a, 4a, 4k, 3n, and 4n exhibited more potent anti-oomycete activity against P. capsici with EC50 values of 66.66, 62.94, 68.65, 61.24, and 52.91 mg/L, respectively. This suggested that introduction of different substitutions at the hydroxyl position of 1/2 could have remarkable effect on anti-oomycete activity. Overall, when R1 = isopropyl and R2 = methyl, the anti-oomycete activities of the compounds were higher than that of the corresponding compounds of R1 = methyl and R2 = isopropyl.[Formula: see text].

9.
J Mol Diagn ; 22(5): 699-707, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409121

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy is a new strategy for the treatment of refractory B-cell malignancies; therefore, the rapid and accurate quantification of CAR transgene copy number is essential. Real-time PCR was used for quantifying the copy number of chimeric antigen receptor transgene. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) is an absolute quantification method that does not require a standard curve. In this study, key performance parameters of the ddPCR and real-time PCR methods were assessed, including linearity, detection range, the lower limit of detection, repeatability, reproducibility, and accuracy, using a series of gradient diluted standards and clinical peripheral blood samples from CAR T-cell patients. The two platforms showed a good correlation for the standards (Pearson R2 = 0.9966; P < 0.0001) and clinical samples (Pearson R2 = 0.8952; P < 0.0001), and both showed good linearity (R2 = 0.9996 for ddPCR; R2 = 0.9984 for real-time PCR) over the detection range. Compared with real-time PCR, ddPCR showed lower intra-assay and interassay CVs for the series of diluted standards, which indicated ddPCR has better repeatability and reproducibility. The limit of detection of ddPCR was lower compared with that of real-time PCR. The combined results suggest that ddPCR is a more promising tool for the detection and quantification of the chimeric antigen receptor transgene copy number.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361630

RESUMO

Ibotenic acid (IBA) is an amino acid and muscimol (MUS) is the decarboxyl derivative of IBA. They are mushroom neurotoxins with high polarity and low molecular weight. Only one transition (159->113 for IBA and 115->98 for MUS) can be found when directly measured by high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Therefore, the identification and quantification of trace amount of the toxins in biomaterial are difficult. A highly sensitive and accurate analytical method for IBA and MUS in plasma was developed by LC-MS/MS with the application of bimolecular dansylation and internal standard calibration. Acetonitrile was used for protein precipitation and for toxin extraction from plasma. The toxins and internal standards (L-tyrosine-13C9,15N for IBA and tyramine-d4 for MUS) were derivatized with dansyl chloride (DNSCl). The reaction conditions of the bimolecular dansylation were optimized and the fragmentation pathways of the derivatives in MS/MS were studied. Method validation was carried out according to the Bioanalytical Method Validation Guidance for Industry (FDA, USA, 2018). The limits of detection for IBA and MUS in plasma were 0.3 ng mL-1 and 0.1 ng mL-1, respectively. The linear ranges in plasma were 1-500 ng mL-1 and 1-200 ng mL-1 with the correlation coefficients of 0.998 and 0.999 for IBA and MUS, respectively. The recoveries at three spiked levels were 90.7-111.4% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 6.4-10.3% for IBA and the results were 85.1-94.2% with RSDs of 5.0-8.9% for MUS. The toxin levels in patients' plasma samples under different poisoning degree were presented.

11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392414

RESUMO

Athetis lepigone is a polyphagous pest found around the world that feeds on maize, wheat, and various other important crops. Although it exhibits a degree of resistance to various chemical insecticides, an effective pest-control method has not yet been developed. The sex pheromone communication system plays an essential role in the mating and reproduction of moths, in which pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs) are crucial genes. In this study, we cloned and purified the protein AlepPBP1 using an E. coli expression system and found it had a higher binding affinity to two sex pheromones of A. lepigone, namely, Z7-12:Ac and Z9-14:Ac (with Ki 0.77 ± 0.10 and 1.10 ± 0.20 µM, respectively), than to other plant volatiles. The binding-mode analysis of protein conformation with equilibrium stabilization was obtained using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and indicated that hydrophobic interactions involving several nonpolar residues were the main driving force for the binding affinity of AlepPBP1 with sex pheromones. Computational alanine scanning (CAS) was performed to further identify key amino acid residues and validate their binding contributions. Each key residue, including Phe36, Trp37, Val52, and Phe118, was subsequently mutated into alanine using site-directed mutagenesis. Binding assays showed that the efficient binding abilities to Z7-12:Ac (F36A, W37A, and F118A) and Z9-14:Ac (F36A, W37A, V52A, and F118A) were almost lost in the mutated proteins. Our results demonstrated that these key amino acid residues are crucial for determining the binding ability of AlepPBP1 to sex pheromones. These findings provide a basis for the use of AlepPBP1 in the studies as a specific target for the development of novel behavioral antagonists with marked inhibition or mating-disruption abilities using computer-aided drug design (CADD).

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(5): 553-6, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394666

RESUMO

Both the twelve jing-well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are the commonly used first-aid points. These two kinds of acupoints are located closely and similar in function, hence, they are often confused in application. In order to explore the origin of their location and theory as well as their relationship, the relevant data were retrieved. It has been found that the relationship between jing-well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is traced at the earliest time to Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor's Internal Classics). It is believed that the jing-well points refer to the starting points or the ending points of the twelve regular meridians and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are located at the crossing sites of yin-yang related meridians of the regular meridians. These two kinds of acupoints are interconnected, share the same source and are also different from each other. Qiduan (EX-LE 12) is also named as foot-Shixuan. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) and Qiduan (EX-LE 12) can be regarded as the same category, just like jing-well points. In clinical practice, the jing-well points are generally selected in treatment of internal diseases, local diseases and those on the running course of meridians. They can be used separately in treatment. Shixuan (EX-UE 11) is the first option, or combined with Qiduan (EX-LE 12) in the emergent treatment of tense syndrome and syncope. The jing-well points and Shixuan (EX-UE 11) are different even though sharing the same origin. They are mutually benefited and supplemented with each other in clinical practice.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(19): 10414-10421, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350143

RESUMO

The rise of oxygen on the early Earth about 2.4 billion years ago reorganized the redox cycle of harmful metal(loids), including that of arsenic, which doubtlessly imposed substantial barriers to the physiology and diversification of life. Evaluating the adaptive biological responses to these environmental challenges is inherently difficult because of the paucity of fossil records. Here we applied molecular clock analyses to 13 gene families participating in principal pathways of arsenic resistance and cycling, to explore the nature of early arsenic biogeocycles and decipher feedbacks associated with planetary oxygenation. Our results reveal the advent of nascent arsenic resistance systems under the anoxic environment predating the Great Oxidation Event (GOE), with the primary function of detoxifying reduced arsenic compounds that were abundant in Archean environments. To cope with the increased toxicity of oxidized arsenic species that occurred as oxygen built up in Earth's atmosphere, we found that parts of preexisting detoxification systems for trivalent arsenicals were merged with newly emerged pathways that originated via convergent evolution. Further expansion of arsenic resistance systems was made feasible by incorporation of oxygen-dependent enzymatic pathways into the detoxification network. These genetic innovations, together with adaptive responses to other redox-sensitive metals, provided organisms with novel mechanisms for adaption to changes in global biogeocycles that emerged as a consequence of the GOE.

14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112929, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416245

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Scutellaria barbata and Hedyotis diffusa (SH) herb pair is extensively used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for both efficacy enhancement and toxicity reduction, of TCM widely using for efficacy enhancing and toxicity reducing in breast cancer treatment in China and Asian countries. Superior clinical efficacy observations based on high dosages (≥60 g) motivated us to explore appropriate dosages and the underlying mechanisms of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the efficacy and potential mechanisms of actions of SH through in vitro and in vivo experiments and network pharmacology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SH lyophilized powder (SHLP) was prepared from decoctions and the active ingredients were identified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Proliferation and migration experiments in vitro and tumor growth in vivo were performed to evaluate the effects of SHLP on breast cancer. Corresponding potential target genes for SHLP components and breast cancer were extracted from established databases and the Protein-Protein Internetwork of shared genes were constructed using STRING database. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional annotation clusters were acquired and the top 30 pathways were presented. At last, as one of pathways indicated by enriched results, apoptosis was validated with flow cytometric analysis and caspase-3, 8, 9 activities. RESULTS: Seventy-five ingredients were identified from SHLP by HPLC. High SHLP doses inhibited proliferation and migration of three types of breast cancer cells in vitro and tumor growth in nude mice. After target genes extraction and intersection, the top 30 KEGG clusters were enriched, including VEGF, Micro-RNAs and cell cycle, besides, key genes in apoptosis were mapped. In the last, apoptosis was validated with flow cytometric analysis and caspase-3, 8, 9 activities after SHLP treatment. CONCLUSION: High SHLP dosages inhibited breast cancer in vitro and in vivo, enriched by network pharmacology and confirmed by flow cytometric analysis and caspase activation, with apoptosis identified as one of the mechanisms of action of SHLP. SHLP administration with higher doses is recommended for clinical usage.

15.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The benefits of physical activity (PA) for children and adolescents with disabilities are well documented, and children and adolescents with visual impairments (VI) engage in lesser PA than their sighted peers. Two reviews have summarized studies on PA of children and adolescents with VI, but no systematic review with semi-quantitative assessment has been conducted to specifically identify the correlated of their PA. This review aims to summarize systematically the existing literature, which investigated correlates of PA of children and adolescents with VI until 2019 and identify variables that contribute to their PA participation. METHODS: A systematic search using Academic Search Premier (ASP), Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), Education Source (ES), PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection (PBSC), MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science (WOS) was conducted in September 2019 to identify studies examining the correlates of PA in children and adolescents with VI aged 5 to 17 years. Two researchers independently screened studies, assessed their methodological quality and extracted relevant data. The correlates of PA among children and adolescents with VI were synthesized and further assessed semi-quantitatively. RESULTS: A total of 17 articles were identified to correlate with PA of children and adolescents with VI. Out of 21 variables identified from the reviewed studies, 3 were consistently associated with PA of children and adolescents with VI. Body mass index (BMI)/obesity, percent of body fat, and visual impairment level were consistently and negatively associated with PA of children and adolescents with VI. Gender and age were identified as inconsistent relationships with children and adolescents with VI. The level of parental education was identified as "no association" with children and adolescents with VI. CONCLUSIONS: This review can aid in developing effective interventions to improve the PA of children and adolescents with VI and propose directions for future research.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361956

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain negative, moderately thermophilic, aerobic, rod-shaped strains, designated 3D203T and 3D207, were isolated from hot spring sediment samples collected from Tibet, western China. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities showed that two isolates belonged to the genus Microvirga and were most closely related to Microvirga makkahensis SV1470T (98.5% and 98.4%, respectively) and two strains had 99.8% similarity to each other. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) based on whole genome sequences of two strains and M. makkahensis SV1470T was 80.8% and 80.78%, respectively. Optimum growth was observed at 45 °C, pH 7.0 and 0.5% NaCl. They both could tolerate to high concentration arsenic. Ubiquinone 10 (Q10) was their predominant quinone. The differences of strains 3D203T and 3D207 were phosphatidyl dimethyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified glycolipids and unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids (> 5%) were identified C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c, C18:0 and C16:0. The genomic DNA G + C contents of strain 3D203T and 3D207 based on whole genome sequences were 64.8% and 64.7%, respectively. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses suggested that two strains represent a novel species of the genus Microvirga, for which the name Microvirga arsenatis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 3D203T (= CGMCC 1.17691T = KCTC 72653T).

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 397: 122777, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388456

RESUMO

Athetis lepigone is one of the most severe polyphagous pests, and it has developed resistance to different chemical insecticides. Insects primarily rely on the olfactory system to recognize various environmental chemicals, including xenobiotics such as insecticides. Here, we expressed two A. lepigone pheromone-binding proteins (AlepPBP2 and AlepPBP3), and observed they had higher binding affinities to phoxim than other insecticides, with Ki was 3.30 ±â€¯0.38 µM and 3.27 ±â€¯0.10 µM, respectively. Molecular dynamics simulation, binding mode analysis, and computational alanine scanning showed that six residues (Phe15, Phe39, Ile55, Leu65, Ile97, and Phe122) of AlepPBP2 and three residues (Phe12, Ile52, and Ile134) of AlepPBP3 maybe as potential residues that can change protein ability to bind an organophosphorus insecticide phoxim. Then, we used site-directed mutagenesis assay to mutate these residues into alanine, respectively. Subsequently, the binding assays displayed that Phe15, Phe39, and Ile97 of AlepPBP2, Phe12 and Ile134 of AlepPBP3 caused a significant decrease of AlepPBPs binding ability to phoxim, suggesting they should play crucial roles in the AlepPBPs/phoxim interactions. Our findings could further advance in using PBPs as unique targets to design and develop precise and environmentally-friendly pest control agents with high insecticidal potential using a computer-aided drug design (CADD) approach.

18.
Hematol Oncol ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311106

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) by using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database. Patients diagnosed with PCL and the disease incidence in the SEER database from 1975 to 2016 were included. Overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to identify associations with outcome measures. The incidence of PCL was 0.011/100 000, and a predominance of elderly and male patients was observed. A total of 144 patients were enrolled. The median age of onset was 68 (9-96) years, including 80 (55.6%) males and 64 (44.4%) females. Multivariate analysis revealed that age and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for OS (both P < .05). Ann Arbor stage and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for CSS (both P < .05). In terms of treatment modality, chemotherapy combined with surgery was an independent protective factor for OS and CSS (both P < .05). For patients with primary cardiac diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (cardiac DLBCL), multivariate analysis also showed that age, Ann Arbor stage, and chemotherapy were all independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS (all P < .05). Chemotherapy combined with surgery was associated with a significant benefit in terms of OS and CSS (both P < .05). Our study confirmed that older age and advanced Ann Arbor stage were independent risk factors for PCL, and treatment with chemotherapy or cooperation with surgery resulted in better long-term survival.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227555

RESUMO

Decarboxylative C-H functionalization reactions are highly attractive methods for forging carbon-carbon bonds considering their inherent step- and atom-economical features and the pervasiveness of carboxylic acids and C-H bonds. An ideal approach to achieve these dehydrogenative transformations is through hydrogen evolution without using any chemical oxidants. However, effective couplings by decarboxylative carbon-carbon bond formation with proton reduction remain an unsolved challenge. Herein, we report an electrophotocatalytic approach that merges organic electrochemistry with photocatalysis to achieve the efficient direct decarboxylative C-H alkylation and carbamoylation of heteroaromatic compounds through hydrogen evolution. This electrophotocatalytic method, which combines the high efficiency and selectivity of photocatalysis in promoting decarboxylation with the superiority of electrochemistry in effecting proton reduction, enables the efficient coupling of a wide range of heteroaromatic bases with a variety of carboxylic acids and oxamic acids. Advantageously, this method is scalable to decagram amounts, and applicable to the late-stage functionalization of drug molecules.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 3582-3588, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302138

RESUMO

Organic guest/host systems with long persistent luminescence benefiting from the formation of a long-lived charge-separated state have recently been demonstrated. However, the photogeneration mechanism of such key charge-separated states remains elusive. Here, we report the identification of intermediate triplet states with mixed local excitation and charge-transfer character that connect the initial photoexcited singlet states and the long-lived charge-separated states. Using time-resolved optical spectroscopy, we observe the intersystem crossing from photoexcited singlet charge-transfer states to triplet intermediate states on a time scale of ∼52 ns. Temperature-dependent measurements reveal that the long-lived triplet intermediate states ensure a relatively high efficiency of diffusion-driven charge separation to form the charge-separated state responsible for LPL emission. The findings in this work provide a rationale for the development of new LPL materials that may also improve our understanding of the mechanism of photon-to-charge conversion in many organic optoelectronic devices.

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