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1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(1): 30-36, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the occlusal and myoelectric characteristics of implant-supported fixed denture in the mandibular region and provide reference for the design of fixed restoration. METHODS: Sixty edentulous patients with implant-supported fixed denture were selected and divided into three groups: group A, 20 cases with implant-supported fixed restoration in the maxillary region; group B, 20 cases with natural dentition, and group C, 20 cases with removable partial denture. The T-scan 8.0 digital occlusion analysis system was used to evaluate the occlusal characteristics of patients in the three groups at intercuspal, protrusion, and left and right lateral positions. Electromyography was used to analyze the myoelectric amplitude and bilateral asymmetry index of the anterior temporalis and masseter of the three groups in different states such as resting and clenching. The relationship between occlusion and myoelectricity was also investigated. RESULTS: In the occlusion analysis by T-scan, the occlusion time, the balance of left and right bite force, the left and right asymmetry of the occlusion center, the trajectory of central occlusion force, and the disclusion time were higher in group C than in groups A and B (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the anterior and posterior asymmetry of the occlusion center and percentage of bite force at anterior region among the three groups. In the analysis of myoelectricity, the myoelectric amplitude at resting state and the asymmetry index of masticatory muscles in group C were higher than those in groups A and B (P<0.05). The myoelectric amplitude during clenching in groups A and B groups was higher than that in group C (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In implant-supported fixed restoration at edentulous mandibular, when maxillary includes the removable partial denture, degree of occlusal instability and left and right asymmetry of occlusion center are greater than those with the natural dentition and implant-supported fixed denture at maxillary. The myoelectricity is closely related to occlusion. The removable partial denture can increase the myoelectric activity and reduce the potential of the masticatory muscle. The asymmetry of bilateral myoelectricity is related to the occlusion imbalance.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Força de Mordida , Humanos , Mandíbula , Músculos da Mastigação
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 242-247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of endothelial progenitor cells on monocrotaline-induced hepatic vein occlusion disease in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: saline group (n=15), monocrotaline group (n=15), and endothelial progenitor cell infusion group (n=15). Liver function (TBIL, ALT, AST), liver index, and serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were measured on the 8th day after intragastric administration. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic central venous endothelial cells and hepatocytes were observed by both HE and immunohistochemical staining. Hepatic fibrosis was observed by Masson's trichrome staining. RESULTS: By the light microscopy, the liver of the monocrotaline group showed moderate to the severe injuries of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells, and hepatic venous congestion. Masson staining showed moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis of central vein and hepatic sinus. In the endothelial progenitor cell group, hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cell injuries, and the fibrosis of central hepatic vein and hepatic sinus were mild to moderate. Hepatic venous congestion was reduced in comparison with that in the mice of the monocrotaline group. Compared with the endothelial progenitor cell group, the liver index was higher, the liver function was more abnormal, and the serum expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in the monocrotaline group. CONCLUSION: The monocrotaline-induced damage of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells is an linitiating factor for hepatic vein occlusive disease. Infusion of endothelial progenitor cells can play a role in preventing and treating hepatic vein occlusion.

3.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e12818, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical intensive care unit patients are at high risk for delirium. A risk prediction model could help the staff screen for patients at high risk for delirium. On the basis of this risk, preventive measures could be taken to reduce the undesired effects of delirium. OBJECTIVES: To establish a delirium prediction model for neurosurgical intensive care unit patients and to verify the sensitivity and specificity of this model. DESIGN: A prospective, observational, single-centre study. METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 310 patients admitted to the neurosurgery intensive care unit between January 2017 and February 2018. A risk factor prediction model was then created using multivariate logistic regression. Further data were collected from another 60 patients between March 2018 and June 2018 to validate the model. RESULTS: The model consisted of six predictors, namely, cognitive dysfunction on admission, fever, hypoalbuminaemia, abnormal liver function, sedative use four or more times, and physical restraint. The area under the curve of the model was 0.80, with sensitivity and specificity of 0.68 and 0.83, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study established a delirium prediction model for neurosurgical intensive care unit patients, which we believe would help focused prevention of delirium in intensive care unit patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001002

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that can lead to blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and cognitive decline. However, the mechanisms of BBB breakdown in diabetes are still unclear. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an enzyme that degrades epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which have multiple protective effects on vascular structure and functions. In the current study, we showed increased vascular permeability of the BBB, which was accompanied by upregulation of sEH and downregulation of 14,15-EET. Moreover, the sEH inhibitor t-AUCB restored diabetic BBB integrity in vivo, and 14,15-EET prevented ROS accumulation and MEC injury in vitro. t-AUCB or 14,15-EET treatment provoked AMPK/HO-1 activation under diabetic conditions in vivo and in vitro. Thus, we suggest that decreased EET degradation by sEH inhibition might be a potential therapeutic approach to attenuate the progression of BBB injury in diabetic mice via AMPK/HO-1 pathway activation.

5.
Obes Rev ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003149

RESUMO

A growing body of research links traffic-related environmental factors to childhood obesity; however, the evidence is still inconclusive. This review aims to fill this important research gap by systematically reviewing existing research on the relationship between traffic-related environmental factors and childhood obesity. Based on the inclusion criteria, 39 studies are selected with environmental factors of interest, including traffic flow, traffic pollution, traffic noise, and traffic safety. Weight-related behaviours include active travel/transport, physical activity (PA), and intake of a high trans-fat diet or stress symptoms; weight-related outcomes are mainly body mass index (BMI) or BMI z-scores and overweight/obesity. Of 16 studies of weight-related behaviours, significant associations are reported in 11 out of 12 studies on traffic flow (two positively and nine negatively associated with PA), five out of six studies on traffic safety (four positively and one negatively associated with PA), one study on traffic pollution (positively with unhealthy food consumption), and one study on traffic noise (negatively associated with PA). Among 23 studies of weight-related outcomes, significant associations are reported in six out of 14 studies on traffic flow (five positively and one negatively associated with obesity outcome), seven out of 10 studies on traffic pollution (all positively associated with obesity outcome), and two out of five on traffic noise (all positively associated with obesity outcome). Our findings show that long-term traffic pollution is weakly positively associated with children's BMI growth, and traffic flow, pollution, and noise could affect weight-related behaviours. Associations between traffic density and noise and weight status are rather inconclusive.

6.
Exp Cell Res ; : 111890, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035132

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a key pathological event during muscle aging that accelerates the development of sarcopenia. We show that sarcolipin (SLN) is highly expressed during aging, promotes intracellular calcium overload and participates in impaired myogenic differentiation. d-Galactose (D-gal) was used to induce senescence in C2C12 myoblasts. Conventional AAV-mediated SLN knockdown cells were used to study the role of SLN in muscle physiology and pathophysiology. C2C12 cells were treated with D-gal, which promoted fibrosis and SLN upregulation. The expression of TGF-ß1 and α-SMA, which participate in myogenic transdifferentiation, were also elevated. C2C12 cells with reduced sarcolipin expression produced decreased amounts of collagen. Our study identified an unrecognized role of SLN in regulating myogenic transdifferentiation during aging-associated skeletal muscle cell fibrosis. Targeting SLN may be a novel therapeutic strategy to relieve sarcopenia-associated muscle fibrosis.

7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nipple discharge cytology is a simple non-invasive method that may provide valuable information for detecting underlying malignancy. Several studies have investigated the diagnostic value of cytology in breast cancer patients with pathological nipple discharge, but the results have been highly variable. Herein we presented a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies pertaining to the diagnostic capacity of nipple discharge cytology in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed (Medline/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, and Google Scholar) to identify studies that investigated the diagnostic capacity of cytology with regard to breast cancer in patients with pathologic nipple discharge. Two independent researchers identified articles that assessed the sensitivity and specificity of cytological evaluation for breast cancer detection in patients with pathologic nipple discharge published between January 2000 and October 2018. Articles were only included in the meta-analysis if they met predetermined criteria. The characteristics of each study and the data they yielded were summarized. Quality assessment of all articles included was performed using the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies Criteria (MINORS) and the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Study 2 (QUADAS-2). Heterogeneity was tested via Cochran Q test and the I statistic using Stata 12.0 and Meta-DiSc 1.4 software, and meta-analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 286 articles were identified, of which 12 articles including a total of 1476 patients were deemed eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. A random-effects model assessing the capacity of nipple discharge cytology to predict breast cancer yielded pooled sensitivity 63% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 53%-72%), specificity 95% (95% CI: 87%-98%), positive likelihood ratio 12.35 (95% CI: 4.87-31.34), and negative likelihood ratio 0.39 (95% CI: 0.30-0.50). The diagnostic odds ratio was 31.88 (95% CI: 11.30-89.98). The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.75-0.82). CONCLUSIONS: The current meta-analysis suggests that nipple discharge cytology is a useful diagnostic modality for detection of breast cancer in patients with pathological nipple discharge, with moderate sensitivity and high specificity.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970767

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) test, self-sampling and thermal ablation for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) have been developed separately to increase screening coverage and treatment compliance of cervical cancer screening programmes. A large-scale study in rural China screened 9,526 women with their combinations to explore the optimal cervical cancer-screening cascade in the real-world. Participants received careHPV and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) HPV tests on self-collected samples. Women positive on either HPV test underwent colposcopy, biopsy and thermal ablation in a single visit. Samples positive on either HPV test were retested for genotyping. Absolute and relative performance of HPV tests, triage strategies, 'colposcopy and thermal ablation' approach were statistically evaluated. PCR HPV test detected 33.3% more CIN grade two or worse (CIN2+) at a cost of 28.1% more colposcopies compared to careHPV. Sensitivities of PCR HPV and careHPV tests to detect CIN2+ were 96.7 and 72.5%. Specificities for the same disease outcome were 82.1 and 86.0%. Triaging HPV-positive women with HPV16/18 genotyping considerably improved the positive predictive value for CIN2+ (4.8-5.0 to 18.2-19.2%). Ninety-six women positive on HPV and having abnormal colposcopy were eligible for thermal ablation and all accepted same-day treatment, contributing to 64.6% being treated appropriately (CIN1+ on histopathology), which reached up to 84.8% among women positive on HPV 16/18 triage. No serious side-effects/complications were reported. The combination of PCR HPV test followed by HPV 16/18 triaging on self-collected samples and colposcopy of triage positive women followed by immediate thermal ablation might be the appropriate screening cascade for rural China.

9.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125268, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896175

RESUMO

This study investigated chlorinated transformation products (TPs) and their parent micropollutants, aromatic pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the urban water bodies of two metropolitan cities. Nine PPCPs and 16 TPs were quantitatively or semi-quantitatively determined using isotope dilution techniques and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. TPs and most PPCPs were effectively removed by conventional wastewater treatments in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Chlorinated parabens and all PPCPs (at concentrations below 1000 ng/L) were present in the waters receiving treated wastewater. By contrast, the waters receiving untreated wastewater contained higher levels of PPCPs (up to 9400 ng/L) and more species of chlorinated TPs including chlorinated parabens, triclosan, diclofenac, and bisphenol A. The very different chemical profiles between the water bodies of the two cities of similar geographical and climatic properties may be attributed to their respective uses of chemicals and policies of wastewater management. No apparent increase in the number of species or abundances of TPs was observed in either the chlorinated wastewater or the seawater rich in halogens. This is the first study to elucidate and compare the profiles of multiple TPs and their parent PPCPs in the water bodies of coastal cities from tropical islands. Our findings suggest that chlorinated derivatives of bisphenol A, diclofenac, triclosan, and parabens in the surface water originate from sources other than wastewater disinfection or marine chlorination. Although further studies are needed to identify the origins, conventional wastewater treatments may protect natural water bodies against contamination by those chlorinated substances.


Assuntos
Desinfecção/métodos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Água do Mar/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Cidades , Cosméticos/análise , Halogenação , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Taiwan
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981312

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated that commercially available lipid-lowering drugs cause various side effects; therefore, searching for anti-hyperlipidaemic compounds with lower toxicity is a research hotspot. This study was designed to investigate whether the marine-derived compound, 5-hydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methyl-4-butylfuran-2(5H)-one, has an anti-hyperlipidaemic activity, and the potential underlying mechanism in vitro. Results showed that the furanone had weaker cytotoxicity compared to positive control drugs. In RAW 264.7 cells, the furanone significantly lowered ox-LDL-induced lipid accumulation (~50%), and its triglyceride (TG)-lowering effect was greater than that of liver X receptor (LXR) agonist T0901317. In addition, it significantly elevated the protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα) and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which could be partially inhibited by LXR antagonists, GSK2033 and SR9243. In HepG2 cells, it significantly decreased oleic acid-induced lipid accumulation, enhanced the protein levels of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), ABCG5, ABCG8 and PPARα, and reduced the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (~32%). PPARα antagonists, GW6471 and MK886, could significantly inhibit the furanone-induced lipid-lowering effect. Furthermore, the furanone showed a significantly lower activity on the activation of the expression of lipogenic genes compared to T0901317. Taken together, the furanone exhibited a weak cytotoxicity but had powerful TC- and TG-lowering effects most likely through targeting LXRα and PPARα, respectively. These findings indicate that the furanone has a potential application for the treatment of dyslipidaemia.

11.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late-onset myasthenia gravis (LOMG) is one of the major subgroups of the MG. Intensive evidence suggested that polymorphisms in HLA-DRB1 gene were associated with LOMG risk, but the results remained inconsistent. Therefore, a meta-analysis is conducted to make a more precise evaluation between HLA-DRB1 alleles and LOMG. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wan Fang and Technology of Chongqing (VIP) Database were searched for eligible studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were applied to assess the association between HLA-DRB1 alleles and LOMG. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies involving 5513 people were included in our meta-analysis. The results showed that DRB1 07 and 0403 alleles were risk factors for LOMG (1.83 [1.12, 2.98], P = 0.02; 7.05 [2.62, 18.92], P = 0.0001, respectively), while DRB1 0301 and 1301 alleles were identified as protective factors for LOMG (0.44 [0.31, 0.62], P < 0.00001; 0.38 [0.23, 0.62], P = 0.0001, respectively). As for the HLA-DRB1 04 and 14 alleles, our subgroup analysis showed that there were significant associations between these alleles and LOMG in Caucasians (2.21 [1.14, 4.27], P = 0.02; 2.82 [1.29, 6.14], P = 0.009, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results confirmed the association of DRB1 alleles (0301, 04, 0403, 07, 1301, and 14) and LOMG, which might provide potential promising biomarkers for prediction of LOMG risk.

12.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(2): 228-238, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929751

RESUMO

The incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing, and cancer metastasis is one of the major causes of poor outcomes. BEX2 has been reported to be involved in tumor development in several types of cancer, but its role in metastatic colorectal cancer remains largely undefined. Herein, we demonstrated that BEX2 knockout resulted in enhanced migratory and metastatic potential in colorectal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo, and re-expression of BEX2 in knockout cells could reverse the enhanced migratory capacity. RNA-Seq results indicated that the hedgehog signaling pathway was activated after BEX2 knockout; moreover, the hedgehog signaling inhibitors, GANT61 and GDC-0449 could reverse the migratory enhancement of BEX2-/- colorectal cancer cells. We also demonstrated that the nuclear translocation of Zic2 after BEX2 silencing could activate the hedgehog signaling pathway, while Zic2 knockdown abrogated the migratory enhancement of BEX2-/- cells and inhibited the hedgehog signaling pathway. In summary, our findings suggest that BEX2 negatively modulates the hedgehog signaling pathway by retaining Zic2 in the cytoplasm in colorectal cancer cells, thereby inhibiting migration and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells.

13.
Sleep Health ; 6(1): 4-14, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699637

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have linked short sleep duration, poor sleep quality, and late sleep timing with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children. However, almost all studies relied solely on self-reported sleep information, and most studies were conducted in high-income countries. To address these gaps, we studied both device-measured and self-reported sleep characteristics in relation to HRQoL in a sample of children from 12 countries that vary widely in terms of economic and human development. METHODS: The study sample included 6,626 children aged 9-11 years from Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Waist-worn actigraphy was used to measure total sleep time, bedtime, wake-up time, and sleep efficiency on both weekdays and weekends. Children also reported ratings of sleep quantity and quality. HRQoL was measured by the KIDSCREEN-10 survey. Multilevel regression models were used to determine the relationships between sleep characteristics and HRQoL. RESULTS: Results showed considerable variation in sleep characteristics, particularly duration and timing, across study sites. Overall, we found no association between device-measured total sleep time, sleep timing or sleep efficiency, and HRQoL. In contrast, self-reported ratings of poor sleep quantity and quality were associated with HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported, rather than device-based, measures of sleep are related to HRQoL in children. The discrepancy related to sleep assessment methods highlights the importance of considering both device-measured and self-reported measures of sleep in understanding its health effects.

14.
Avian Pathol ; 49(1): 62-73, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508993

RESUMO

The H7 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) has been reported to infect not only poultry but also humans. The haemagglutinin (HA) protein is the major surface antigen of AIV and plays an important role in viral infection. In this study, five monoclonal antibodies (mAbs, 2F8, 3F6, 5C11, 5E2 and 5C12) against the HA protein of H7 virus were produced and characterized. Epitope mapping indicated that 103RESGSS107 was the minimal linear epitope recognized by the mAbs 2F8/3F6/5C11, and mAbs 5E2/5C12 recognized the epitope 103-145aa. The protein sequence alignment of HA indicated that the two epitopes were not found in other subtypes of AIV, and none of the five mAbs cross-reacted with other subtypes, suggesting these mAbs are specific to H7 virus. The epitope 103RESGSS107 was highly conserved among Eurasian lineage strains of H7 AIV, whereas three amino acid substitutions (E104R, E104K and E104G) in the epitope occurred in 98.44% of North-American lineage strains. Any of these single mutations prevented the mutated epitope from being recognized by mAbs 2F8/3F6/5C11; thus, these mAbs can distinguish between Eurasian and North-American lineages of H7 strains. Furthermore, the mAbs 2F8, 3F6 and 5C11 could be highly blocked with H7-positive serum in blocking assays, revealing that 103RESGSS107 may be a dominant epitope stimulating the production of antibodies during viral infection. These results may facilitate future investigations into the structure and function of HA protein, as well as surveillance and detection of H7 virus.RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTSFive mAbs against HA protein of H7 AIV were generated and characterized.Two novel epitopes 103RESGSS107 and 103-145aa were identified.The epitope 103RESGSS107 differs between Eurasian and North-American lineages.The mAbs 2F8, 3F6 and 5C11 could distinguish two lineages of H7 strains.

15.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(3): 398-404, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602316

RESUMO

Two new phenolic glycosides, named lanatusosides C (1) and D (2), together with four known compounds (3-6), were isolated from the seeds of Citrullus lanatus. Among them, compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from Cucurbitaceae for the first time, and compound 5 was reported from this plant for the first time. Their structures were elucidated by means of extensive spectral analysis, including HR-ESI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR techniques. The isolated new compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity against HepG2 cell line, of which compound 1 demonstrated weak cytotoxicity against the tested cell line.

16.
Environ Res ; 180: 108823, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Artificial light at night (ALAN) can disrupt circadian rhythms and cause sleep disturbances. Several previous epidemiological studies have reported an association between higher levels of outdoor ALAN and shorter sleep duration. However, it remains unclear how this association may differ by individual- and neighborhood-level socioeconomic status, and whether ALAN may also be associated with longer sleep duration. METHODS: We assessed the cross-sectional relationship between outdoor ALAN and self-reported sleep duration in 333,365 middle- to older-aged men and women in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Study participants reported baseline addresses, which were geocoded and linked with outdoor ALAN exposure measured by satellite imagery data obtained from the U.S. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System. We used multinomial logistic regression to estimate the multinomial odds ratio (MOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the likelihood of reporting very short (<5 h), short (<7 h) and long (≥9 h) sleep relative to reporting 7-8 h of sleep across quintiles of LAN. We also conducted subgroup analyses by individual-level education and census tract-level poverty levels. RESULTS: We found that higher levels of ALAN were associated with both very short and short sleep. When compared to the lowest quintile, the highest quintile of ALAN was associated with 16% and 25% increases in the likelihood of reporting short sleep in women (MORQ1 vs Q5, (95% CI), 1.16 (1.10, 1.22)) and men (1.25 (1.19, 1.31)), respectively. Moreover, we found that higher ALAN was associated with a decrease in the likelihood of reporting long sleep in men (0.79 (0.71, 0.89)). We also found that the associations between ALAN and short sleep were larger in neighborhoods with higher levels of poverty. CONCLUSIONS: The burden of short sleep may be higher among residents in areas with higher levels of outdoor LAN, and this association is likely stronger in poorer neighborhoods. Future studies should investigate the potential benefits of reducing light intensity in high ALAN areas in improve sleep health.

17.
Biol Res Nurs ; 22(1): 64-74, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529988

RESUMO

Gastric aspiration, which can cause acute, diffuse, inflammatory lung injury, is of particular concern in critically ill patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of immediate prone positioning on the degree of lung injury and inflammatory response induced by gastric aspiration. Following induction of gastric aspiration by injection of gastric fluid, 16 healthy pigs were randomized to one of two groups: supine position (SP) or prone position (PP). After ventilation and monitoring for 6 hr, all pigs were euthanized. The ratio of the partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FIO2) and the partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were recorded during the 6-hr study period. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 were measured every 2 hr, and the mean optical density (MOD) of IL-6 in lung tissues and lung-injury scores were measured at the end of the experiment. The PP group showed a significantly higher PaO2/FIO2 ratio, lower serum IL-6 concentration (p = .015), lower lung-injury scores (p = .012), and lower IL-6 concentration and MOD of IL-6 in lung tissue, especially in dorsal (p = .001, p = .021, respectively) and nondependent regions (p = .005, p = .035, respectively) than the SP group. There were no statistically significant differences in PaCO2 between the groups. Lung-injury severity was positively correlated with the IL-6 concentration and MOD of IL-6 in lung tissues (p < .05). These results suggest that immediate prone positioning alleviated the degree of aspiration-induced lung injury, possibly through mitigating IL-6-mediated lung inflammation.

18.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 186: 110733, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864113

RESUMO

A variety of three-dimensional DNA assemblies have been proposed as drug carriers owing to their good biocompatibility and easy fabrication. In this study, inspired by the structure of cockleburs, a novel aptamer-tethered DNA assembly was developed for effective targeted drug delivery. The Apt-nanocockleburs were fabricated via a facile process of DNA base pairing: four complementary DNA single strands, including one aptamer-ended strand and three sticky-end strands, were applied to pair with each other. The main body of the nanocockleburs can load doxorubicin (Dox) whilst the covered aptamer spines bind to the target MCF-7 cells. The self-assembled Apt-nanocockleburs exhibit higher cell uptake as well as increased cytotoxicity to MCF-7 cells than DNA nanocockleburs without aptamers. This study provided a DNA constructing platform to produce new drug carriers with high selectivity for cancer targeted drug delivery.

19.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 72-79, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875760

RESUMO

Context: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy was widely used in treating human malignancies. However, side effects and chemoresistance remains the major obstacle.Objective: To verify whether natural borneol (NB) can enhance cisplatin-induced glioma cell apoptosis and explore the mechanism.Materials and methods: Cytotoxicity of cisplatin and/or NB towards U251 and U87 cells were determined with the MTT assay. Cells were treated with 0.25-80 µg/mL cisplatin and/or 5-80 µM NB for 48 h. The effects of NB and/or cisplatin on apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were quantified by flow cytometric analysis. Protein expression was detected by western blotting. ROS generation was conducted by measuring and visualising an oxidation-sensitive fluorescein DCFH-DA.Results: NB synergistically enhanced the anticancer efficacy of cisplatin in human glioma cells. Co-treatment of 40 µg/mL NB and 40 µg/mL cisplatin significantly inhibited U251 cell viability from 100% to 28.2% and increased the sub-G1 population from 1.4% to 59.3%. Further detection revealed that NB enhanced cisplatin-induced apoptosis by activating caspases and triggering reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction as evidenced by the enhancement of green fluorescence intensity from 265% to 645%. ROS-mediated DNA damage was observed as reflected by the activation of ATM/ATR, p53 and histone. Moreover, MAPKs and PI3K/AKT pathways also contributed to co-treatment-induced U251 cell growth inhibition. ROS inhibition by antioxidants effectively improved MAPKs and PI3K/AKT functions and cell viability, indicating that NB enhanced cisplatin-induced cell growth in a ROS-dependent manner.Discussion and conclusions: Natural borneol had the potential to sensitise human glioma cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis with potential application in the clinic.

20.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e031126, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and hypertension of migrant workers aged 18-59 years in China. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study using a complex survey sampling design. PARTICIPANTS: There were 43 655 subjects in our analysis, after excluding people with missing information for key exposure and outcome variables and abnormal values for sleep duration (≤2 or ≥17 hours). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg, or self-reported history of hypertension diagnosis in hospitals at the township (community) level or above and use of hypertensive medicine in the last 2 weeks. RESULTS: Of 43 655 subjects, 15.6% (95% CI 15.1% to 16.1%) of migrant workers had hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension decreased with the increased sleep duration, both in males and females. Logistic regression models, using 7-8 hours sleep/day as the reference, showed a greater odds for hypertension among men and women who reported <6 hours of sleep after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, behavioural risk factors, body mass index, diabetes, stroke and myocardial infarction (men: OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.03 to 1.54, women: OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.13 to 2.06, pinteraction =0.096). Further stratified by age and migration time, it revealed that among adults less than 45 years old, those sleeping 9 or more hours had adjusted odds for hypertension of 0.82 (95% CI 0.72 to 0.93, pinteraction=0.020),while there was no evidence of an association between sleep duration and hypertension among adults aged 45-59 years. Among adults whose migration time was less than 4.5 years, those sleeping 9 or more hours had adjusted odds for hypertension of 0.80 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.94, pinteraction=0.097). CONCLUSION: The association between sleep duration and hypertension varies by age. Short sleep duration (<6 hours) is associated with an increased prevalence of hypertension in both genders.

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