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1.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(1): e1900516, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725193

RESUMO

In this study, 13 panaxadiol (PD) derivatives were synthesized via reactions with aromatic compounds and amino acids. Following this, the cytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated against four cancer cell lines (human hepatoma cells HepG-2, human lung cancer cells A549, human breast cancer cells MCF-7, and human colon cancer cells HCT-116) and one normal cell lines (human gastric epithelial cells GES-1). The results showed that the panaxadiol derivatives 3, 12, and 13 showed significant inhibition of cellular proliferation against cancer cells compared with PD, and the panaxadiol derivative 12 had the lowest IC50 value for A549 (IC50 =18.91±1.03 µm). For MCF-7 cells, most compounds exhibited good inhibition of cellular proliferation, and the panaxadiol derivative 13 showed the strongest inhibitory effect (IC50 =8.62±0.23 µm), which significantly increased the cytotoxicity of PD and was stronger than the positive control (mitomycin). For normal cells, all compounds exhibited low or no toxic effects; thus, these derivatives can be used to develop novel antiproliferative agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/química , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ginsenosídeos/síntese química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(2): 189-193, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527868

RESUMO

Previously we have reported that 25-OCH3-PPD could suppress the reproduction of cancer cells and cause apoptosis without obvious toxicity. Herein, we aimed to enhance its bioactivity by introducing aromatic groups to its dammarane-type skeleton. These synthesized derivatives were tested for their inhibitory activities against five cancer cell lines. Of them, compounds 3a, 14a and 18a had the strongest antiproliferative activities against tumor cells (IC50 < 15 µM, 5-fold to 10-fold increases than 25-OCH3-PPD). Especially compound 14a displayed the most potent activity against DU145, MCF-7 and HepG2 cells (IC50 = 6.7 ±â€¯0.8, 4.3 ±â€¯0.8 and 5.8 ±â€¯0.6 µM, respectively). Structure-activity relationships demonstrated that having aromatic ester at the C3 position could improve the bioactivity. The data provided new insights into exploring novel antiproliferative lead compounds.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ginsenosídeos/síntese química , Ginsenosídeos/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
Molecules ; 23(11)2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30463224

RESUMO

To increase the antitumor activity of ginsenosides and acetylsalicylic acid, acid hydrolysis products of Panaxnotoginseng saponin were used as raw materials to be combined with salicylic acid to obtain ginsenoside salicylic acid derivatives. All derivatives were assessed for anti-cancer activity. A total of 20 target compounds were designed and synthesized. The cytotoxic activity on five cancer cell lines, including human colon cancer (HT-29), gastric cancer (BGC-823), cervical cancer (Hela), human breast cancer (MCF-7), human lung cancer cells (A549), and two normal cancer cell lines (human gastric epithelial cells (GES-1), and human ovarian epithelial cells (IOSE144)) was evaluated following treatment with the compounds. The results showed that all compounds inhibited the growth of cancer cells. Compounds 1a, 3a, 7a, 1b, 2b, 3b and 8b showed strong anticancer activity. For MCF-7 cells, compound 3b showed the strongest inhibitory activity, IC50 = 2.56 ± 0.09 µM. In the cytotoxicity test, all compounds showed low toxicity or no toxicity (IC50 > 100 µM). In addition, a cell cycle distribution assay and wound healing assay demonstrated that compound 3b specifically inhibited MCF-7 proliferation and migration ability. Our results indicate that compound 3b represents a promising compound for further cancer studies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Panax notoginseng , Saponinas , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Panax notoginseng/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/farmacologia
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(17): 4204-4211, 2017 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28757064

RESUMO

In the current work, 13 novel panaxadiol (PD) derivatives were synthesized by reacting with chloroacetyl chloride and bromoacetyl bromide. Their in vitro antitumor activities were evaluated on three human tumor cell lines (HCT-116, BGC-823, SW-480) and three normal cells (human gastric epithelial cell line-GES-1, hair follicle dermal papilla cell line-HHDPC and rat myocardial cell line-H9C2) by MTT assay. Compared with PD, the results demonstrated that compound 1e, 2d, 2e showed significant anti-tumor activity against three tumor cell lines, the IC50 value of compound 2d against HCT-116 was the lowest (3.836µM). The anti-tumor activity of open-ring compounds are significantly better than the compounds of C-25 cyclization. Compound 1f, 2f, 2g showed the strong anti-tumor activity. The IC50 value of compound 2g against BGC-823 and SW-480 were the lowest (0.6µM and 0.1µM, respectively). Combined with cytotoxicity test, the IC50 value of compound 1e, 2d, 2e are greater than 100. the open-ring compounds (1f, 2f, 2g) showed a strong toxicity. The toxicity of 1f is lower than 2f and 2g. These compounds may be useful for the development of novel antiproliferative agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Halogênios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ginsenosídeos/síntese química , Ginsenosídeos/química , Halogênios/síntese química , Halogênios/química , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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