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1.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth in insect pest populations poses a significant threat to ecosystem functions and services, societal development, and food security in alpine regions under climate change. Risk assessments are important prioritization tools for pest management, which must be used to study insect pest expansion in alpine ecosystems under global warming. We used species distribution modeling to simulate the current and future distribution probabilities of 58 insect pest species in the Qinghai Province, China, based on a comprehensive field investigation. Subsequently, general linear modeling was used to explore the relationship between the distribution probability of these species and the damage caused by them. Finally, we assessed the ecological risk of insect pest expansion across different alpine ecosystems under climate change. RESULTS: Climate change could increase the distribution probabilities of insect pest species across different alpine ecosystems. However, the presence of insect pest species may not correspond to the damage occurrence in alpine ecosystems based on percent leaf loss, amount of stunting, and seedling death of their host species. Significant positive relationships between distribution probability and damage occurrence were found for several of the examined insect pest species. Insect pest expansion is likely to increase extensively in alpine ecosystems under increasing CO2 emission scenarios. CONCLUSION: The relationships between distribution probability and damage occurrence should be considered in species distribution modeling for risk assessment of insect pest expansion under climate change. Our study could improve the effectiveness of risk assessment of insect pest expansion under changing climate conditions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-7, 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical performance, pathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of salivary gland malignant tumor (SGMT) with skull base metastasis. METHODS: Five SGMT patients with skull base metastasis were retrospectively studied. Major clinical symptoms included headache, facial paralysis, and ear hearing loss. Three patients had previous history of SGMT resection. All patients underwent preoperative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Craniotomy was performed in three patients, and all the five patients underwent radiotherapy and chemotherapy. RESULTS: Two patients were confirmed as having adenocarcinoma, one patient was pathologically confirmed to have squamous cell carcinoma, one patient had ductal carcinoma, and one patient had acinar cell carcinoma. One patient died after 2 years of treatment, and the remaining 4 patients were followed up for 6 ∼ 24 months, suggesting that the tumor size was not enlarged or showed no local recurrence. CONCLUSION: SGMT with skull base metastasis is extremely rare, and due to similar imaging characteristics, it can be easily misdiagnosed as meningioma or schwannoma. Early diagnosis, extent of invasion, surgery and combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the prognostic factors of the disease.

3.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore which computed tomography (CT) features can predict pathological complete response (pCR) (ypT0N0) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed an institutional database of patients who underwent resection of GC after NAC and identified patients with pCR from January 2010 to December 2013. The correlations between pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy CT features and pCR were analyzed. RESULTS: Eleven of 199 patients with GC who achieved ypT0N0 status after NAC were classified as the pCR group in this study. After matching pCR (n = 11) and non-pCR patients (n = 44) in the ratio of 1:4, a total of 55 cases were analyzed. The binary logistic regression analysis showed that the post-chemotherapy short diameter of the largest lymph node and tumor thickness ratio reduction were independent predictors of pCR, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.94 on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. CONCLUSION: Two CT features, including the short diameter of the largest lymph node post-chemotherapy and tumor thickness ratio reduction, are good predictors of pCR after NAC in patients with GC.

4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 160: 365-376, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550177

RESUMO

Theoretical and experimental studies have demonstrated that temperature is an important environmental factor that affects the regional distribution of plants. However, how to modify the distribution pattern of plants in different regions is a focus of current research. Obtain the information of cold tolerance genes from cold tolerance species, cloning genes with real cold tolerance effects is one of the most important ways to find the genes related to cold tolerance. In this study, we investigated whether transferring the VHA-c gene from Antarctic notothenioid fishes into Arabidopsis enhances freezing tolerance of Arabidopsis. The physiological response and molecular changes of VHA-c overexpressing pedigree and wildtype Arabidopsis were studied at -20 °C. The results showed that the malondialdehyde (MDA) and membrane leakage rates of WT plants were significantly higher than those of VHA-c8 and VHA-c11 plants, but the soluble sugar, soluble protein, proline and ATP contents of WT plants were significantly lower than those of VHA-c8 and VHA-c11 plants under -20 °C freezing treatment. The survival rate, VHA-c gene expression level and VHA-c protein contents of WT plants were significantly lower than those of VHA-c8 and VHA-c11 plants under -20 °C freezing treatment. Correlation analysis showed that ATP content was significantly negatively correlated with MDA and membrane leakage rate, and positively correlated with soluble sugar, soluble protein and proline content under -20 °C freezing treatment. These results demonstrated that overexpression of the VHA-c gene provided strong freezing tolerance to Arabidopsis by increasing the synthesis of ATP and improved the adaptability of plants in low temperature environment.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixes/fisiologia , Peixes/genética , Congelamento , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/fisiologia , Animais , Regiões Antárticas , Arabidopsis/genética , Temperatura Baixa , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/fisiologia , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/genética
5.
Bioorg Chem ; 109: 104706, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607360

RESUMO

Five new meroterpenoids, gancochlearols E - I (1, 3-6), and one compound ganomycin K (2) were isolated from the fruiting bodies of G. cochlear. Their structures were assigned by 1D and 2D NMR, MS, and CD analysis. Rh2(OCOCF3)4-induced ECD method was used to clarify the absolute configuration of secondary alcohol in 1 and 2. Biochemical evaluation showed that all the isolates significantly inhibit COX-2 enzyme in vitro with the IC50 values range from 1.03 µM to 2.71 µM. Further cellular assay revealed that (+)-3 and (-)-6 could suppress metastatic phenotype of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells via impeding the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).

6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 66, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a critical activator of inflammation. Circulating mtDNA released causes lung injury in experimental models. We hypothesized that elevated plasma mtDNA levels are associated with acute lung injury (ALI) in septic patients. METHODS: We enrolled 66 patients with sepsis admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2019 and October 2019. Respiratory, hemodynamic and bedside echocardiographic parameters were recorded. Plasma mtDNA, procalcitonin, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8 levels were examined. RESULTS: Plasma mtDNA levels within 24 h after admission were significantly increased in the group of septic patients with ALI [5.01 (3.38-6.64) vs 4.13 (3.20-5.07) log copies/µL, p 0.0172]. mtDNA levels were independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 3.2052; 95% CI 1.1608-8.8500; p 0.0253) and ALI risk (odds ratio 2.7506; 95% CI 1.1647-6.4959; p 0.0210). Patients with high mtDNA levels had worse outcomes, and post hoc tests showed significant differences in 28-day survival rates. Increased mtDNA levels were seen in patients with abdominal infection. CONCLUSIONS: Increased plasma mtDNA levels within 24 h after admission were significantly associated with ALI incidence and mortality in septic patients.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 306-310, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554840

RESUMO

In recent years, it is found that the classical IKKα and IKKß pathway were closely relates with hematological tumors, except the classical pathogenesis, moreover the classical IKKß pathway is deeply studied. The studies indicated that the IKKßis activated to phosphorylate the NF-κB through multiple cascades under the effect of extracellular IL-6, TNF-α and other stimulating factors. At the cellular level, the classical IKKßcan promote the tumor cell survival and proliferation, reduce the cell apoptosis, and promote the angiogenesis and cell transfer. Although the classical IKKα plays a role in regulating IKKß activity, but its role in non-classical pathway is more prominent. This review briefly summarizes the latest advance of researches on the pathogenesis of hematological malignancies in term of IKKα and IKKßpathway, so as to provide the theoretic basis for deeply understanding and studying the pathogenesis of hematologic tumors. At present, blocking the classical IKKα and IKKß pathway has become a new target for treatment of hematological tumors, moreover, some specific inhibitor for IKKα and IKKßpathway have been developed, for example, LY2409881, BMS 345541 and so on. Most of these drugs are in clinical trials and display some good anti-tumor effects.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transdução de Sinais , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
8.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586849

RESUMO

Heterocyclic aromatic amines, as a group of mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds, have gained worldwide concern. In this study, an accurate, rapid and sensitive confirmation and quantification method of four major heterocyclic aromatic amines in roasted pork was developed based on Q-Orbitrap along with Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe extraction. The LODs and LOQs were found to be 0.2-1.2 µg/kg and 0.6-3.5 µg/kg, respectively, revealing high sensitivity of this method. Obtained results showed recoveries ranging from 78.1-97.4%, depending on the different heterocyclic aromatic amines and spiked levels. Precision was in the range of 2.6-4.5% for four heterocyclic aromatic amines at different levels. In addition, the developed method had been applied to investigate the inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on the above mentioned heterocyclic aromatic amines in roasted pork. The amount of astaxanthin with the best inhibitory effects was 7.5 mg (0.0375%), which led to significant reduction in heterocyclic aromatic amines levels over 50%. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 772: 145558, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571775

RESUMO

A comprehensive global inventory of past, present, and future steroid emissions was firstly developed based on the global 5' × 5' grids relevant data available. From 1970 to 2070, the growth rate of the annual global steroid emission was relatively stable around 10%. At present (in 2015), the global steroid emissions was 18,270 t, with 17% contributed by humans. Almost one-third of total animal emissions have been occurring in India and Brazil. India also had the highest value of human steroid emissions. Regions with highest steroid emissions were concentrated between 10° ~ 35° N and 70° ~ 90° E. The increase of sewage treatment rates can effectively reduce the total quantity of steroids entering the environment, especially for some developing countries. But the "technology bonus" from sewage treatment process will be exhausted until to 2030. Meanwhile, global surface water pollution was predicted based on steroid emissions into water compartment and on the digital river network with annual river discharge. The modelling results show that steroids are widely distributed across the globe, with concentrations mostly below 100 ng/L. However, if no proper treatment measures for animal excretions, in another 100 years, the range of the surface water contaminated by steroids will increase by 1.2 times. The Nile River resulted as the most polluted among the eight world's longest and famous rivers during the whole period investigated. Various measured concentrations worldwide validated our modelling result. The global steroid emission inventory and surface water pollution from past to the future will stand as an important data and knowledge base for the management of pollution from different types of steroids at global and regional level.

11.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618860

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Monolithic zirconia has excellent mechanical and biologic properties. However, evidence of the clinical properties of implant-supported monolithic zirconia prostheses is limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to compare the peri-implant marginal bone changes of metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia single crowns in the posterior region after prosthetic loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 224 participants treated with 327 implants restored with either metal-ceramic or monolithic zirconia single crowns in the posterior region between 2012 and 2016 were included in this study. Clinical outcomes, including the plaque index, peri-implant probing depth, and bleeding on probing, were recorded, and the marginal bone level was recorded by using the panoramic radiographs obtained at implant placement, second-stage surgery, and the most recent follow-up visit. The included parameters were analyzed with the nonparametric Mann-Whitney tests (α=.05). RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 30.4 months, and the cumulative survival rate of implants was 100% and that of the prostheses was 99.1%. The plaque index was 0.46 in the metal-ceramic group, which was significantly higher (P<.05) than 0.37 in the monolithic zirconia group. However, no significant differences (P>.05) were observed in peri-implant probing depth and bleeding on probing between the 2 groups. The marginal bone level at implant placement, second-stage surgery, and the most recent follow-up visit was above the implant platform in both the metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia groups. The marginal bone changes of the metal-ceramic group was 0.31 mm in the healing period and 0.38 mm in the prosthetic loading period, while in the monolithic zirconia group, it was 0.25 mm in the healing period and 0.43 mm in the prosthetic loading period; no significant differences (P>.05) were observed between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The peri-implant marginal bone level change was comparable after prosthetic loading for metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia single crowns, although monolithic zirconia was associated with reduced plaque.

12.
J Insect Sci ; 21(1)2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620485

RESUMO

The lacewing Chrysoperla sinica (Tjeder) is a common natural enemy of many insect pests in China and is frequently employed for biological control programs. Adults make migratory flights after emergence, which reduces their effectiveness as biological control agents. Previously, we proved that 2-d-old unmated females exhibited significantly stronger flight ability than 3-d-old ones. Meanwhile, 3-d-old unmated adults flew significantly longer distances than mated ones. In this study, Illumina RNA sequencing was performed to characterize differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between virgin and mated adults of different ages in a single female strain of C. sinica. In total, 713,563,726 clean reads were obtained and de novo assembled into 109,165 unigenes with an average length of 847 bp (N50 of 1,754 bp), among which 4,382 (4.01%) unigenes matched known proteins. Based on these annotations, many putative transcripts were related to C. sinica's flight capacity and muscle structure, energy supply, growth, development, environmental adaptability, and metabolism of nutritional components and bioactive components. In addition, the differential expression of transcripts between different ages and mating status were analyzed, and DEGs participating in flight capacity and muscles were detected, including glutathione hydrolase, NAD-specific glutamate dehydrogenase, aminopeptidase, and acidic amino acid decarboxylase. The DEGs with functions associated with flight capacity and muscles exhibited higher transcript levels for younger (2 d--old) virgins. This comprehensive C. sinica transcriptomic data provide a foundation for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the flight capacity to meet the physiological demands of flight muscles in C. sinica.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595547

RESUMO

Visualization of cerebrovascular networks is crucial for understanding the pathogenesis of many neurological diseases. Recently developed optical clearing techniques offer opportunities in deep tissue imaging, and have been successfully applied in many research studies. The development of nanotechnology enables the labeling of brain vessels with functionalized micro/nanoparticles embedded with fluorescent dyes. We herein report an efficient method, named LIMPID (Labeled and Interlinked Micro/nanoparticles for Imaging and Delipidation), specific for the precise fluorescence imaging of vascular networks in clearing-treated tissues. This robust vessel labeling technique replaces conventional fluorescence dyes with functionalized polymer micro/nanoparticles that are able to cross-link with polyacrylamide to form dense hydrogels in vessels. LIMPID shows high-robustness during the clearing process without sacrificing fluorescence signals and clearing performance. LIMPID enables three dimension (3D) visualization of elaborate vascular networks in mouse brains and is compatible with other fluorescence-labeling techniques. We have successfully applied this method to acquire cortical vasculature images simultaneously with the neurons or microglia, as well as to evaluate vascular damage in a mouse model of stroke. The LIMPID method provides a novel tool for the precise analysis of vascular dysfunction and vascular diseases.

15.
Anal Chem ; 93(7): 3461-3469, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573377

RESUMO

Organic molecules and related nanomaterials have attracted extensive attention in the realm of electrochemiluminescence (ECL). Herein, a well-known electroluminescence (EL) dopant 2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-1,1,7,7,-tetramethyl-1H,5H,11H-10-(2-benzothiazolyl)quinolizino-[9,9a,1gh] coumarin (C545T) is selected as a new ECL illuminant, which shows a high photoluminescence quantum yield of nearly 100% and excellent ECL performance in the organic phase. For utilizing C545T to achieve ECL detection in aqueous solution, organic microrods of C545T (C545T MRs) were synthesized by a precipitation method. Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry of C545T and C545T MRs in acetonitrile or phosphate buffer showed one reduction and multiple oxidation peaks, suggesting that the multiple charge states of C545T could be produced by continuous electron- or hole-injection processes. The annihilated ECL emission of C545T and C545T MRs was observed using ECL transient technology. In the presence of triethanolamine (TEOA) or potassium persulfate (K2S2O8), C545T MRs can also give bright anodic and cathodic ECL emission at the GCE/water interface. The proposed ECL system not only has multichannel ECL emission but also shows intense yellow emission (569 nm) with a relative ECL efficiency of 0.81 when TEOA was used as a coreactant. Benefiting from the strong ECL emission of the C545T MRs/TEOA system and the quenching effect of dopamine (DA) on ECL, a convenient sensor for DA was developed with high selectivity and sensitivity.

16.
Sci Adv ; 7(8)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597238

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is characterized by the robust infiltration of immunosuppressive tumor-associated myeloid cells (TAMCs). It is not fully understood how TAMCs survive in the acidic tumor microenvironment to cause immunosuppression in glioblastoma. Metabolic and RNA-seq analysis of TAMCs revealed that the arginine-ornithine-polyamine axis is up-regulated in glioblastoma TAMCs but not in tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Active de novo synthesis of highly basic polyamines within TAMCs efficiently buffered low intracellular pH to support the survival of these immunosuppressive cells in the harsh acidic environment of solid tumors. Administration of difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a clinically approved inhibitor of polyamine generation, enhanced animal survival in immunocompetent mice by causing a tumor-specific reduction of polyamines and decreased intracellular pH in TAMCs. DFMO combination with immunotherapy or radiotherapy further enhanced animal survival. These findings indicate that polyamines are used by glioblastoma TAMCs to maintain normal intracellular pH and cell survival and thus promote immunosuppression during tumor evolution.

18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(9)2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627401

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most lethal primary brain tumor in adults. No treatment provides durable relief for the vast majority of GBM patients. In this study, we've tested a bispecific antibody comprised of single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) against T cell CD3ε and GBM cell interleukin 13 receptor alpha 2 (IL13Rα2). We demonstrate that this bispecific T cell engager (BiTE) (BiTELLON) engages peripheral and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes harvested from patients' tumors and, in so doing, exerts anti-GBM activity ex vivo. The interaction of BiTELLON with T cells and IL13Rα2-expressing GBM cells stimulates T cell proliferation and the production of proinflammatory cytokines interferon γ (IFNγ) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα). We have modified neural stem cells (NSCs) to produce and secrete the BiTELLON (NSCLLON). When injected intracranially in mice with a brain tumor, NSCLLON show tropism for tumor, secrete BiTELLON, and remain viable for over 7 d. When injected directly into the tumor, NSCLLON provide a significant survival benefit to mice bearing various IL13Rα2+ GBMs. Our results support further investigation and development of this therapeutic for clinical translation.

19.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) has been proposed as a contributor to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD) and inflammatory reactions, which are associated with a decrease in serum albumin, and it has been reported that the CRP-to-serum albumin ratio (CAR) can predict CAD severity in inpatient ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients. However, the relationship between the CAR and long-term adverse outcomes in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still unknown. METHODS: A total of 3561 CAD patients enrolled in the Outcomes and Risk Factors of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease after PCI: an investigation based on case records and follow-up (CORFCHD-ZZ), a retrospective cohort study conducted from January 2013 to December 2017, and 1630 patients meeting the study inclusion criteria were divided into two groups based on the CAR (CAR < 0.186; n = 1301 and CAR ≥ 0.186; n = 329). The primary outcome was long-term mortality, including all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiac mortality. The average follow-up time was 37.59 months. RESULTS: We found that there were significant differences between the two groups in the incidences of ACM (P < 0.001) and cardiac mortality (P = 0.003). Cox multivariate regression analyses demonstrated that CAR was an independent predictor of ACM [hazard ratio, 2.678; (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.568-4.576); P < 0.001] and cardiac mortality (hazard ratio, 2.055; 95% CI, 1.056-3.998; P = 0.034) in CAD patients after PCI. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that the CAR is an independent and novel predictor of long-term adverse outcomes in CAD patients who have undergone PCI.

20.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432733

RESUMO

A rapid, efficient, and environmentally friendly matrix solid-phase dispersion microextraction was established to determine and quantify terpenoids in Radix Curcumae using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector. Various parameters affecting the extraction were investigated in detail, such as the grinding time, amount of adsorbent, type and concentration of elution solvent, and pH. The optimization of single-factor and response surface methodology was performed to confirm the best conditions in this procedure. The final optimized conditions were obtained by applying 70 mg of cucurbituril as adsorbent, 149 s as the optimum grinding time, and 228 mM of 3-(N,N-dimethylpalmitylammonio)propanesulfonate aqueous solution (pH 6.5) as the optimal elution solvent. The validated method showed a satisfactory linear range of 0.10-10 µg/mL for curdione and furanodiene, 0.01-10 µg/mL for isocurcumenol and germacrone, and 0.05-10 µg/mL for furanodienone, while the correlation coefficients ranged from 0.9945 to 0.9970. The recoveries of the investigated analytes at two spiked concentration levels (0.1 and 1.0 µg/mL) ranged from 96.53 to 104.60%. In addition, this method displayed acceptable reproducibility (relative standard deviation ≤ 3.66%). The results showed that the newly proposed matrix solid-phase dispersion microextraction method was successfully applied to analyze curdione, isocurcumenol, furanodienone, germacrone and furanodiene in Radix Curcumae samples.

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