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1.
Chemosphere ; : 132824, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752835

RESUMO

Numerous studies have shown that zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) have an inhibitory effect on wastewater biotreatment, where doses exceeding ambient concentrations are used. However, the effect of ambient concentrations of ZnO (<1 mg/L) on anaerobic digestion processes is not clear. Herein, this study comprehensively explored the impact of nZnO on the denitrification performance and core microbial community of activated sludge under ambient concentrations. Results showed that only 0.075 mg/L nZnO had shown a beneficial effect on nitrogen removal by activated sludge. When nZnO concentration reached 0.75 mg/L, significant enhancement of nitrate reduction and mitigation of nitrite accumulation were observed, indicating a remarkable stimulatory effect on nitrogen removal. Simultaneously, nZnO could weaken the sludge surface charge and improve the secretion of extracellular polymeric substances, thus enhancing sludge flocculation for denitrification. Microbial community analysis revealed that nZnO exposure increased the relative abundance of denitrifying bacteria, which could contribute to the reinforcement of traditional denitrification. Furthermore, exogenous addition of NH4+ significantly inhibited the accumulation of nitrite, implying that nZnO had a potential to improve the denitrification process via a partial denitrification-anammox pathway. Considering current ambient concentration, the stimulatory effect shown in our work may better represent the actual behavior of ZnO in wastewater biotreatment.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 719666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777240

RESUMO

Background: Lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) have been shown to have different associations with several chronic diseases but little is known about the sex-specific association of LBM and FM with diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk among participants with diabetes. Methods: Participants from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study was used in a post hoc analysis to examine the association of predicted LBM index (LBMI) and FM index (FMI) with incident DN risk (defined as a composite outcome of three types of predefined DN). Because of sex differences in body composition, analyses were conducted separately using sex-specific quartiles of predicted LBMI and FMI. Results: Of the 9,022 participants with type 2 diabetes (5,575 men and 3,447 women) included in this study, 5,374 individuals developed DN (3,396 in men and 1,978 in women). Higher quartiles of LBMI were associated with a reduced risk of DN while higher quartiles of FMI were associated with an increased higher risk of DN among men but not women. Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)for the highest quartile of predicted LBMI and FMI were respectively 0.83 (95% CI 1.71 - 0.96) and 1.23 (95% CI 1.06-1.43) among men; and 0.92 (95% CI 0.63 - 1.33) and 1.14 (95% CI 0.79 - 1.63) among women. Conclusions: Among participants with diabetes, predicted LBMI was inversely associated with risk of DN while predicted FMI was positively associated with an increased risk of incident DN among men but not women. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov., no. NCT00000620.

3.
Phytomedicine ; : 153786, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer has become the principal cause of cancer-related deaths. Emodin is a Chinese herb-derived compound extracted from the roots of Rheum officinale that exhibits numerous pharmacological characteristics. Secretory phospholipase A2-IIa (sPLA2-IIa) is overexpressed in cancers and plays an important role in cancer development. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the anti-tumor mechanism of emodin in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: MTT assay was applied to detect the sensitivity of emodin to NSCLC cell line. Flow cytometry was used to examine the effect of emodin on cell cycle distribution and evaluate ROS level and apoptosis. Western blot analysis was utilised to examine the expression levels of sPLA2-IIa, PKM2, and AMPK and its downstream pathways induced by emodin. Enzyme inhibition assay was applied to investigate the inhibitory effect of emodin on sPLA2-IIa. The anticancer effect of emodin was also detected using an in vivo model. RESULTS: Emodin significantly inhibited NSCLC proliferation in vivo and in vitro and was relatively less cytotoxic to normal lung cell lines. Most importantly, emodin inhibited the proliferation of KRAS mutant cell lines by decreasing the expression of sPLA2-IIa and NF-κB pathways. Emodin also inhibited mTOR and AKT and activated the AMPK pathway. Furthermore, emodin induced apoptosis, increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and arrested the cell cycle. CONCLUSION: Emodin exhibited a novel anti-tumor mechanism of inhibiting the proliferation of KRAS mutant cell lines by decreasing the expression levels of sPLA2-IIa and NF-κB pathways. Hence, emodin can potentially serve as a therapeutic target in NSCLC.

4.
Waste Manag ; 137: 100-109, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749178

RESUMO

The reducing gases produced and NO reduction by sewage sludge combustion were investigated in a self-made cement precalciner. The dual role of O2 concentration (0-5 vol%) in the production characteristics of reducing gases and the reduction efficiency of NO were evaluated experimentally. TG-FTIR analysis demonstrated that the key reducing gaseous species produced by sewage sludge combustion were HCN, NH3, CO, and CH4. And experiments demonstrated that O2 concentration had pronounced effects on NH3 distribution, the maximum production rate was obtained at an O2 concentration of 3 vol%. Meanwhile, the reducing gases NH3 and CO were the key species for NO reduction in the cement precalciner, and the reduction efficiency of NO, when reduced by NH3, increased with an increase in O2 concentration, while the reduction performance of NO by CO was limited by O2 concentration. Therefore, O2 concentration greatly influences NO reduction efficiency by sewage sludge combustion; the maximum NO reduction efficiency was 61.67% at an O2 concentration of 3 vol%. The difference in NO reduction by sewage sludge combustion under different O2 concentrations was primarily attributed to NH3 production rate and NO reduction by NH3 and CO, which is greatly affected by O2 concentration. Sewage sludge combustion can result in NO reduction in the cement kiln flue gas and resource utilisation of sewage sludge.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 193(Pt B): 1021-1031, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798183

RESUMO

ß-glucan is an important functional active component with relatively high content in barley. It is reported to possess various biological activities, including anti-oxidative stress, but its mechanism of action remains obscure. In the current study, C. elegans was used as an in vivo animal model to explore its anti-oxidative stress mechanism. We found that both RBG (raw barley ß-glucan) and FBG (fermented barley ß-glucan) could significantly reduce the ROS level in C. elegans under oxidative emergency conditions. In addition, both FBG and RBG had positive effects on SOD and CAT enzyme activity, and FBG treatment obviously reduced the MDA content in nematodes under oxidative stress. Moreover, FBG and RBG pretreatment could extend the median lifespan of C. elegans under oxidative stress. The CB1370 and CF1038 mutants further confirmed that daf-2 and daf-16 were necessary for FBG or RBG to participate in anti-oxidative stress, and the RT-PCR results also evidenced that ß-glucans resist oxidative stress in C. elegans partially through the daf-2/daf-16 pathway. In summary, barley ß-glucan has high potential to defense oxidative stress as a natural polysaccharide.

6.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771007

RESUMO

There are abundant natural diterpenoids in the plants of the genus Daphne from the Thymelaeaceae family, featuring a 5/7/6-tricyclic ring system and usually with an orthoester group. So far, a total of 135 diterpenoids has been isolated from the species of the genus Daphne, which could be further classified into three main types according to the substitution pattern of ring A and oxygen-containing functions at ring B. A variety of studies have demonstrated that these compounds exert a wide range of bioactivities both in vitro and in vivo including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-HIV, antifertility, neurotrophic, and cholesterol-lowering effects, which is reviewed herein. Meanwhile, the fascinating structure-activity relationship is also concluded in this review in the hope of providing an easy access to available information for the synthesis and optimization of efficient drugs.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6382, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737280

RESUMO

Phosphorothioate (PT) modification by the dnd gene cluster is the first identified DNA backbone modification and constitute an epigenetic system with multiple functions, including antioxidant ability, restriction modification, and virus resistance. Despite these advantages for hosting dnd systems, they are surprisingly distributed sporadically among contemporary prokaryotic genomes. To address this ecological paradox, we systematically investigate the occurrence and phylogeny of dnd systems, and they are suggested to have originated in ancient Cyanobacteria after the Great Oxygenation Event. Interestingly, the occurrence of dnd systems and prophages is significantly negatively correlated. Further, we experimentally confirm that PT modification activates the filamentous phage SW1 by altering the binding affinity of repressor and the transcription level of its encoding gene. Competition assays, concurrent epigenomic and transcriptomic sequencing subsequently show that PT modification affects the expression of a variety of metabolic genes, which reduces the competitive fitness of the marine bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3. Our findings strongly suggest that a series of negative effects on microorganisms caused by dnd systems limit horizontal gene transfer, thus leading to their sporadic distribution. Overall, our study reveals putative evolutionary scenario of the dnd system and provides novel insights into the physiological and ecological influences of PT modification.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783808

RESUMO

To easily synthesize a piezoelectric quantum anomalous Hall insulator (PQAHI), the Janus monolayer Fe2IBr (FeI0.5Br0.5) as a representative PQAHI, is generalized to monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) with α and ß phases. By first-principles calculations, it is proved that monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) are dynamically, mechanically and thermally stable. They are excellent room-temperature PQAHIs with high Curie temperatures, sizable gaps and high Chern number (C = 2). Because the considered crystal structures of α and ß phases possess Mx and My mirror symmetries, the topological properties of monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) are maintained. Namely, if the constructed structures have Mx and My mirror symmetries, the mixing ratio of Br and I atoms can be generalized for other proportions. It is also found that different crystal phases have important effects on the out-of-plane piezoelectric response, and the piezoelectric strain coefficient, d32, of the ß phase is higher than or comparable with those of other known two-dimensional (2D) materials. To further confirm this idea, the physical and chemical properties of monolayer LiFeSe0.75S0.25 with α and ß phases, as a generalization of PQAHI LiFeSe0.5S0.5, is investigated, as it has a similar electronic structure, magnetic and topological properties as LiFeSe0.5S0.5. Our work provides a practical guide to achieve PQAHIs experimentally, and the combination of piezoelectricity, topological and ferromagnetic (FM) orders makes Fe2I2-based monolayers a potential platform for multi-functional spintronics and piezoelectric electronics.

9.
Phytomedicine ; : 153831, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, the identification of accurate biomarkers for the diagnosis of patients with early-stage lung cancer remains difficult. Fortunately, metabolomics technology can be used to improve the detection of plasma metabolic biomarkers for lung cancer. In a previous study, we successfully utilised machine learning methods to identify significant metabolic markers for early-stage lung cancer diagnosis. However, a related research platform for the investigation of tumour metabolism and drug efficacy is still lacking. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: A novel methodology for the comprehensive evaluation of the internal tumour-metabolic profile and drug evaluation needs to be established. METHODS: The optimal location for tumour cell inoculation was identified in mouse chest for the non-traumatic orthotopic lung cancer mouse model. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) was applied to monitor lung tumour growth. Proscillaridin A (P.A) and cisplatin (CDDP) were utilised to verify the anti-lung cancer efficacy of the platform. The top five clinically valid biomarkers, including proline, L-kynurenine, spermidine, taurine and palmitoyl-L-carnitine, were selected as the evaluation indices to obtain a suitable lung cancer mouse model for clinical metabolomics research by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). RESULTS: The platform was successfully established, achieving 100% tumour development rate and 0% surgery mortality. P.A and CDDP had significant anti-lung cancer efficacy in the platform. Compared with the control group, four biomarkers in the orthotopic model and two biomarkers in the metastatic model had significantly higher abundance. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed a significant separation between the orthotopic/metastatic model and the control/subcutaneous/KRAS transgenic model. The platform was mainly involved in arginine and proline metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and taurine and hypotaurine metabolism. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to simulate clinical metabolomics by comparing the metabolic phenotype of plasma in different lung cancer mouse models. We found that the orthotopic model was the most suitable for tumour metabolism. Furthermore, the anti-tumour drug efficacy was verified in the platform. The platform can very well match the clinical reality, providing better lung cancer diagnosis and securing more precise evidence for drug evaluation in the future.

10.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(9): 9993-10004, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) between patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and those without DM is unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether DM has adverse effects on CTO PCI patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent PCI for CTO at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital (Beijing, China) between January 2016 and April 2019. The clinical outcomes during follow-up were compared between patients with DM and those without DM. RESULTS: The analysis included 187 patients (152 males) aged 62.6±11.5 years. A total of 99 participants (52.9%) had DM, which involved a higher body mass index (BMI) and triglyceride level than those without DM (P<0.05). Participants with DM and those without DM had similar PCI success rates (89.9% vs. 95.4%, respectively) and complete revascularization rates (82.8% vs. 84.1%, respectively). There were no significant differences between groups in the rates of all-cause mortality, cardiac death, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), readmission, recurrence of angina, target vessel revascularization (TVR), or myocardial infarction (MI) during a median follow-up of 20.5 months. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that CTO in a coronary branch vessel was associated with higher odds of all-cause death (odds ratio (OR): 53.56; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.48 to 1,155.41; P<0.05) and failure of PCI for CTO (OR: 5.40; 95% CI: 1.263 to 23.098; P<0.05). Additionally, PCI for single CTO was associated with lower odds of MACEs (OR: 0.300; 95% CI: 0.118 to 0.765; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of PCI for CTO has a high success rate in both patients with DM and those without DM, and clinical outcomes are comparable between groups.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Diabetes Mellitus , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 681193, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658812

RESUMO

Spatial memory is an important cognitive function for human daily life and may present dysfunction or decline due to aging or clinical diseases. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy neurofeedback (fNIRS-NFB) is a promising neuromodulation technique with several special advantages that can be used to improve human cognitive functions by manipulating the neural activity of targeted brain regions or networks. In this pilot study, we intended to test the feasibility of fNIRS-NFB to enhance human spatial memory ability. The lateral parietal cortex, an accessible cortical region in the posterior medial hippocampal-cortical network that plays a crucial role in human spatial memory processing, was selected as the potential feedback target. A placebo-controlled fNIRS-NFB experiment was conducted to instruct individuals to regulate the neural activity in this region or an irrelevant control region. Experimental results showed that individuals learned to up-regulate the neural activity in the region of interest successfully. A significant increase in spatial memory performance was found after 8-session neurofeedback training in the experimental group but not in the control group. Furthermore, neurofeedback-induced neural activation increase correlated with spatial memory improvement. In summary, this study preliminarily demonstrated the feasibility of fNIRS-NFB to improve human spatial memory and has important implications for further applications.

12.
Environ Health Perspect ; 129(10): 107006, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the effects of greenness on childhood visual impairment is scarce. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess whether greenness surrounding schools was associated with visual impairment prevalence and visual acuity levels in Chinese schoolchildren and whether the associations might be explained by reduced air pollution. METHODS: In September 2013, we recruited 61,995 children and adolescents 6-18 years of age from 94 schools in seven provinces/municipalities in China. Greenness exposure was assessed using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the soil-adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) from July to August 2013. Visual impairment was defined as at least one visual acuity level (dimensionless) lower than 4.9 (Snellen 5/6 equivalent). Three-year annual averages of particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤1µm (PM1) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) at each school were assessed using machine learning methods. We used generalized linear mixed models to estimate the associations between greenness and prevalent visual impairment and visual acuity levels and used mediation analyses to explore the potential mediating role of air pollution. RESULTS: In the adjusted model, an interquartile range increase in NDVI500m was associated with lower odds of prevalent visual impairment [odds ratio (OR)=0.95; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93, 0.97]. The same increase in NDVI500m was also associated with 0.012 (95% CI: 0.008, 0.015) and 0.011 (95% CI: 0.007, 0.015) increases in visual acuity levels for left- and right-eye, respectively. Our results also suggested that PM1 and NO2 significantly mediated the association between NDVI500m and visual impairment. Similar effect estimates were observed for SAVI500m, and our estimates were generally robust in several sensitivity analyses. DISCUSSION: These findings suggest higher greenness surrounding schools might reduce the risk of visual impairment, possibly owing in part to lower PM1 and NO2 in vegetated areas. Further longitudinal studies with more precise greenness assessment are warranted to confirm these findings. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP8429.

13.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3263-3264, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712804

RESUMO

We report the complete mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of Pareas formosensis (Squamata: Colubridae). This circular mtDNA is 17,703 bp in size and consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and 2 non-coding sequence (D-loop). The total of mtDNA was composition of 57.26% A + T and 42.74% G + C (T: 25.21%, C: 28.84%, A: 32.05%, G: 13.90%). The phylogenetic analysis revealed that P. formosensis formed a clade with other species of Pareas. This mtDNA sequence of P. formosensis provides useful data for studying the population genetics and phylogeography of Colubridae.

14.
Am J Transplant ; 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599765

RESUMO

T cells must be activated and become effectors first before executing allograft rejection, a process that is regulated by diverse signals and transcription factors. In this study, we studied the basic leucine zipper ATF-like transcription factor (BATF) family members in regulating T cell activities in a heart transplant model and found that mice deficient for both BATF and BATF3 (Batf-/- Batf3-/- mice) spontaneously accept the heart allografts long-term without tolerizing therapies. Similarly, adoptive transfer of wild type T cells into Rag1-/- hosts induced prompt rejection of heart and skin allografts, whereas the Batf-/- Batf3-/- T cells failed to do so. Analyses of graft-infiltrating cells showed that Batf-/- Batf3-/- T cells infiltrate the graft but fail to acquire an effector phenotype (CD44high KLRG1+ ). Co-transfer experiments in a T cell receptor transgenic TEa model revealed that the Batf-/- Batf3-/- T cells fail to expand in vivo, retain a quiescent phenotype (CD62L+ CD127+ ), and unable to produce effector cytokines to alloantigen stimulation, which contrasted sharply to that of wild type T cells. Together, our data demonstrate that the BATF and BATF3 are critical regulators of T effector functions, thus making them attractive targets for therapeutic interventions in transplant settings.

15.
Clin Lab ; 67(10)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the high-risk factors of Mongolian human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Hulunbuir area and to explore the guiding role of HPV16 viral load change in the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN 1). METHODS: The HPV qualitative results of 963 married women of Mongolian nationality aged 21 - 65 were screened using real-time PCR in the Hulunbeir area, logistic analysis statistics was used to judge the high-risk factors of infection, and the χ2 test was the analysis method of the count data; hybrid capture was used. II technology was used to detect the changes of HPV DNA content of CIN I outpatients before treatment, 6, 12, and 18 months after treatment. At the same time the change trend of vaginal secretions and thinprep cytologic test (TCT) was observed. The measurement data between the two groups by was compared using t-test. RESULTS: The positive rate of HPV infection was 22.31% in Mongolian married women in Hulunbuir area. Drinking habits and the number of sexual partners were the common infection factors of all high-risk types. Infection factors of HPV16, 18, and other high-risk types also included number of marriages. There was a significant difference between the content of HPV DNA in CIN I patients before treatment and the two groups at 12 and 18 months after treatment (p < 0.05). The number of patients with degree III or IV of cleanliness and TCT showed that the number of patients with low-grade atypical hyperplasia decreased with the treatment time, which was consistent with the change of HPV DNA content. CONCLUSIONS: In the Hulunbuir area, the number of Mongolian women with HPV infection is higher than that of the Han nationality, so we should strengthen the popularization and propaganda of the knowledge about HPV infection in the Mongolian population settlement. The change of DNA content of high-risk HPV can be used as the observation index of CIN I treatment evaluation.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Casamento , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia
16.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(11): E877-E883, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with chronic dialysis dependency undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at a greater risk of hemorrhagic and ischemic events. Due to their exclusion from randomized clinical trials, the optimal antithrombotic regimen for this population remains unknown. Bivalirudin has been associated with fewer hemorrhagic complications than unfractionated heparin (UFH) in patients undergoing PCI. We evaluated major adverse cardiac event (MACE) and hemorrhagic event rates for an antithrombotic regimen using bivalirudin or UFH during PCI in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with chronic dialysis dependency. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, including 211 patients on dialysis undergoing PCI due to ACS from January 2014 to April 2019 at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on anticoagulation regimen: the bivalirudin group (86 cases) or the UFH group (125 cases) during and after PCI. Statistical analyses were used to compare MACE and hemorrhagic events between groups at 30 days after PCI. RESULTS: No patients experienced stent thrombosis within 30 days after PCI regardless of anticoagulant. There was no difference in the incidence of MACE in the bivalirudin group compared with the UFH group (6.98% vs 8.80%, respectively; P>.05). The rate of hemorrhagic events in the bivalirudin group was significantly lower than in the UHP group (5.81% vs 18.4%, respectively; P<.05), particularly for rates of mild bleeding (4.65% vs 15.2%, respectively; P<.05). There were no significant differences in rates of severe bleeding between the bivalirudin and UFH groups (1.16% vs 4.00%, respectively; P>.05), although fewer severe hemorrhagic events occurred in the bivalirudin group. CONCLUSION: Bivalirudin was associated with fewer bleeding events following PCI in individuals with end-stage renal disease on dialysis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Hirudinas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Anal Chem ; 93(45): 15115-15123, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714618

RESUMO

Designing new catalysts with high activity and stability is crucial for the effective analysis of environmental pollutants under mild conditions. Here, we developed a superior catalyst of Pt single atoms anchored on MoS2 (Pt1/MoS2) to catalyze the determination of As(III). A detection sensitivity of 3.31 µA ppb-1 was obtained in acetate buffer solution at pH 6.0, which is the highest compared with those obtained by other Pt-based nanomaterials currently reported. Pt1/MoS2 exhibited excellent electrochemical stability during the detection process of As(III), even in the coexistence of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Hg(II). X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and theoretical calculations revealed that Pt single atoms were stably fixed by four S atoms and activated the adjacent S atoms. Then, Pt and S atoms synergistically interacted with O and As atoms, respectively, and transferred some electrons to H3AsO3, which change the rate-determining step of H3AsO3 reduction and reduce reaction energy barriers, thereby promoting rapid and efficient accumulation for As(0). Compared with Pt nanoparticles, the weaker interaction between arsenic species and Pt1/MoS2 enabled the effortless regeneration and cyclic utilization of active centers, which is more favorable for the oxidation of As(0). This work provides inspiration for developing highly efficient sensing platforms from the perspective of atomic-level catalysis and affords references to explore the detection mechanism of such contaminants.


Assuntos
Molibdênio , Nanoestruturas , Catálise , Oxirredução , Platina
18.
Anal Chem ; 93(41): 14014-14023, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607426

RESUMO

An atomic-level Au nanocluster, as an excellent photocatalyst, is generally not considered as an efficient electrocatalyst due to its poor stability. Herein, a method is proposed to stabilize abundant Au25 on Fe2O3 nanoplates (Au25/OV-Fe2O3) successfully with oxygen vacancies (OV) created. Au25/OV-Fe2O3 shows superhigh catalysis in the electrochemical reduction toward As(III). The record-breaking sensitivity (161.42 µA ppb-1) is two orders of magnitude higher than currently reported, where an ultratrace limit of detection (9 ppt) is obtained, suggesting promising applications in the analysis of organic and bioactive substances. The stability of Au25 is attributed to the Au-Fe bond formed after loading Au25 nanoclusters on Fe2O3 nanoplates through "electron compensation" and bond length (Au-S) shortening. Moreover, the ligand S atoms in Au25 nanoclusters significantly contribute to the reduction of As(III). The fantastic stability and superior catalytic ability of Au25/OV-Fe2O3 provide guidelines to stabilize Au nanoclusters on metal oxides, indicating their potential electroanalytical applications.


Assuntos
Ouro , Oxigênio , Catálise , Ligantes
19.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15731-15742, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528054

RESUMO

The storage of sodium ions with carbon materials has huge potential for large-scale application due to its resource-rich and environmental advantages. However, how to realize high power density, high energy density and long cycle life are the bottlenecks restricting its development. Herein, by using a facile synthesis strategy, a carbon-based framework with a hierarchical structure and intrinsic heteroatom sites which are the characteristics contributing to ultrahigh rate and capacity has been achieved. As a result, the hierarchical carbon-based material exhibits excellent performance when used as both the anode and cathode for sodium-ion capacitors (SICs), which can deliver a high energy density of 224 W h kg-1 (at 180 W kg-1), an ultrahigh power density of 17 160 W kg-1 (at 128 W h kg-1) and ultralong cycle life (91% capacity retention after 10 000 cycles at 2 A g-1), outperforming most of the previously reported SICs with other configurations.

20.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 268, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588425

RESUMO

Constitutive activation of JAK2/STAT3 is a major oncogenic signaling event involved in the development of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). In the present study, we investigated the antilymphoma activity of TG101209, a specific JAK2 inhibitor, on EBV-positive and EBV-negative Burkitt lymphoma cell lines and primary BL cells. The results showed that TG101209 had a significant antilymphoma effect by inhibiting BL cell growth and inducing apoptosis along with cell differentiation toward mature B cells in vitro. We also found that TG101209 displayed significant synergistic action and a sensitizing effect on the anti-Burkitt lymphoma activity of doxorubicin. In vivo experiments indicated that TG101209 could suppress tumor growth and prolong the overall survival of BL cell-bearing mice. The mechanistic study indicated that TG101209, by suppressing the JAK2/STAT3/c-MYB signaling axis and crosstalk between the downstream signaling pathways, plays an antilymphoma role. These data suggested that TG101209 may be a promising agent or alternative choice for the treatment of BL.

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