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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133879, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987002

RESUMO

Accurate and real-time reporting the freshness and quality of meat has far-reaching implications for safeguarding food safety and public health. Owing to the significant indicator role of H2S in meat spoilage, we here designed a ''dual-key-and-lock'' kind of H+-powered H2S-responsive ratiometric fluorescent nanoprobe BODIPY/Cy7Cl@HyNPs for precise and real-time evaluating the meat freshness. After incubation with spoilt meat, BODIPY/Cy7Cl@HyNPs was simultaneously initiated by the abnormal H+ and H2S acted as "dual-keys". As a result, the fluorescence emission of BODIPY/Cy7Cl@HyNPs at âˆ¼ 688 nm was enhanced, and the other emission at âˆ¼ 818 nm was quenched, thereby yielding a typical H+-powered ratiometric fluorescence response toward H2S in meat. In addition, we also successfully exploited BODIPY/Cy7Cl@HyNPs to achieve the real-time monitoring of the meat freshness during storage by measuring the changes of fluorescence signals and solution color.


Assuntos
Corantes , Carne , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes
2.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 37, 2022 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130920

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overall response of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) remains unsatisfactory due to the complex pathological subtypes, genomic difference, and drug resistance. The genes that associated with cisplatin resistance remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to identify the cisplatin resistance associated genes in BUC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The cytotoxicity of cisplatin was evaluated in six bladder cancer cell lines to compare their responses to cisplatin. The T24 cancer cells exhibited the lowest sensitivity to cisplatin and was therefore selected to explore the mechanisms of drug resistance. We performed genome-wide CRISPR screening in T24 cancer cells in vitro, and identified that the gene heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (HNRNPU) was the top candidate gene related to cisplatin resistance. Epigenetic and transcriptional profiles of HNRNPU-depleted cells after cisplatin treatment were analyzed to investigate the relationship between HNRNPU and cisplatin resistance. In vivo experiments were also performed to demonstrate the function of HNRNPU depletion in cisplatin sensitivity. RESULTS: Significant correlation was found between HNRNPU expression level and sensitivity to cisplatin in bladder cancer cell lines. In the high HNRNPU expressing T24 cancer cells, knockout of HNRNPU inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. In addition, loss of HNRNPU promoted apoptosis and S-phase arrest in the T24 cells treated with cisplatin. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) demonstrated that HNRNPU expression was significantly higher in tumor tissues than in normal tissues. High HNRNPU level was negatively correlated with patient survival. Transcriptomic profiling analysis showed that knockout of HNRNPU enhanced cisplatin sensitivity by regulating DNA damage repair genes. Furthermore, it was found that HNRNPU regulates chemosensitivity by affecting the expression of neurofibromin 1 (NF1). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that HNRNPU expression is associated with cisplatin sensitivity in bladder urothelial carcinoma cells. Inhibition of HNRNPU could be a potential therapy for cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo U , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(9): 2450-2456, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131661

RESUMO

There is close relationship between fertilizer managements and net carbon (C) sink effect, economic benefits in rice paddy ecosystem. Based on a long-term (35-year) field experiment, we analyzed the effects of different fertilization patterns on soil C sequestration rate, C density of topsoil, annual C balance, and economic benefits in the double cropping rice paddy in southern China. There were four fertilization treatments, chemical fertilizer alone (MF), rice straw and chemical fertilizer (RF), 30% organic manure and 70% chemical fertilizer (OM), and without any fertilizer input as a control (CK). The results showed that soil C pool in the double cropping rice paddy field under different fertilization treatments changed from 216.02 to 866.74 kg·hm-2·a-1, and soil C pool under OM treatment were significantly higher than that of MF, RF and CK. The soil C sequestration rates in the double cropping rice paddy field under different fertilization treatments ranged from 51.5 to 650.7 kg·hm-2·a-1, and that of C density of topsoil was from 55.64 to 78.42 t·hm-2. The order of soil C sequestration rates and C density of topsoil was OM>RF>MF>CK. The change range of C adsorption in the double cropping rice paddy field ecosystem was from 4.42 to 9.32 t C·hm-2·a-1, with an order of OM>RF>MF>CK. Compared with the MF treatment, soil net C sink under OM and RF treatments increased by 27.6% and 13.6%, respectively. The change range of C cost material input ranged from 1.49 to 2.17 t C·hm-2·a-1, and that of annual economic benefits was from 1.30×103 to 7.83×103 yuan·hm-2·a-1 with an order of RF>OM>MF>CK. The net income of economic benefits of OM, RF and MF treatments were significantly higher than that of CK. Generally, soil C sequestration rate, C sink effect and annual economic benefits were increased by the long-term application of organic manure and rice straw returning together with chemical fertilizer, which could increase soil organic carbon storage in the double cropping rice paddy field of southern China.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Oryza , Agricultura/métodos , Carbono/análise , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Ecossistema , Fertilização , Fertilizantes/análise , Esterco/análise , Solo
4.
Gels ; 8(9)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135268

RESUMO

The macro-porous structure of polymer cryogels provides an appropriate channel for the adsorption and transport of substances, endowing its application in the field of electrochemical sensing. The combination mode of a polymer matrix and electro-active substance, particularly the distribution of an electro-active substance in the matrix, has an important effect on the overall performance of the sensor. In this work, through the simultaneous oxidation coupling polymerization of aniline (ANI) and radical polymerization of acrylamide (AAm) under cryogenic condition, conductive composite cryogels were prepared, aiming for the uniform distribution of PANI in the PAAm matrix. The possibility of simultaneous polymerizations was symmetrically investigated, and the obtained PANI/PAAm cryogels were characterized. Due to the acid-doping of PANI, the electrical conductivity of PANI/PAAm cryogels could be modulated with acidic and basic gases. Thus, the performance of the gas sensor was studied by making conductive PANI/PAAm cryogel sheets as resistive sensor electrodes. We found that the content of PANI, the sheet thickness and the dry/wet state of the cryogel influenced the response sensitivity and rate as well as the recovery properties. The response duration for HCl and NH3 gas was shorter than 70 and 120 s, respectively. The cyclic detection of HCl gas and the alternate detection of NH3/HCl were achieved. This gas sensor with advantages, including simple preparation, low cost and high sensitivity, would have great potential for the application to monitor the leakage of acidic and basic gases.

6.
Small Methods ; : e2200830, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068171

RESUMO

The hands are used in all facets of daily life, from simple tasks such as grasping and holding to complex tasks such as communication and using technology. Finding a way to not only monitor hand movements and gestures but also to integrate that data with technology is thus a worthwhile task. Gesture recognition is particularly important for those who rely on sign language to communicate, but the limitations of current vision-based and sensor-based methods, including lack of portability, bulkiness, low sensitivity, highly expensive, and need for external power sources, among many others, make them impractical for daily use. To resolve these issues, smart gloves can be created using a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), a self-powered technology that functions based on the triboelectric effect and electrostatic induction and is also cheap to manufacture, small in size, lightweight, and highly flexible in terms of materials and design. In this review, an overview of the existing self-powered smart gloves will be provided based on TENGs, both for gesture recognition and human-machine interface, concluding with a discussion on the future outlook of these devices.

7.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058992

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke (IS) poses a heavy burden on the healthcare system, and revascularization is the most effective treatment. However, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, one main cause of revascularization complications, significantly hinders IS recovery. Unfortunately, none of the neuroprotectants tested to date has been successfully translated clinically for post-revascularization I/R injury therapy. In multiple pathophysiological processes, apoptosis antagonizing transcription factor (AATF) serves as a cell protector, but its role in neuronal I/R injury is unknown. Therefore, we firstly demonstrated the expression profiles of AATF in a distal middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (dMCAO/R) model and found that AATF expression was increased in cortical neuron after dMCAO/R. Over-expressing AATF reduced infarct volume, alleviated neuronal death, and promoted neurological functions. Next, we used an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) model to investigate the mechanism of AATF. Results indicated that AATF alleviated OGD/R-induced large-scale DNA fragmentation, which suggested that the protective effect of AATF may be attributed to parthanatos inhibition. After that, we examined the regulatory mechanism of AATF. We found that AATF did not affect poly (ADP-ribose) accumulation and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) nucleus translocation. AATF competitively interacted with nuclear AIF, which inhibited AIF from binding DNA. At last, we verified the effect and mechanism of AATF in dMCAO/R model. The present study, for the first time, demonstrates the expression, function, and mechanism of AATF in the context of neuronal I/R injury via dMCAO/R and OGD/R model, which provides new evidence in this area and may facilitate exploring new therapeutic targets.

8.
J Pharm Anal ; 12(4): 653-663, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105166

RESUMO

MicroRNA-21 (miRNA-21) is highly expressed in various tumors. Small-molecule inhibition of miRNA-21 is considered to be an attractive novel cancer therapeutic strategy. In this study, fluoroquinolone derivatives A1-A43 were synthesized and used as miRNA-21 inhibitors. Compound A36 showed the most potent inhibitory activity and specificity for miRNA-21 in a dual-luciferase reporter assay in HeLa cells. Compound A36 significantly reduced the expression of mature miRNA-21 and increased the protein expression of miRNA-21 target genes, including programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4) and phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), at 10 µM in HeLa cells. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay (CCK-8) was used to evaluate the antiproliferative activity of A36; the results showed that the IC50 value range of A36 against six tumor cell lines was between 1.76 and 13.0 µM. Meanwhile, A36 did not display cytotoxicity in BEAS-2B cells (lung epithelial cells from a healthy human donor). Furthermore, A36 significantly induced apoptosis, arrested cells at the G0/G1 phase, and inhibited cell-colony formation in HeLa cells. In addition, mRNA deep sequencing showed that treatment with A36 could generate 171 dysregulated mRNAs in HeLa cells, while the expression of miRNA-21 target gene dual-specificity phosphatase 5 (DUSP5) was significantly upregulated at both the mRNA and protein levels. Collectively, these findings demonstrated that A36 is a novel miRNA-21 inhibitor.

9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5311, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085341

RESUMO

Wearable strain sensors that detect joint/muscle strain changes become prevalent at human-machine interfaces for full-body motion monitoring. However, most wearable devices cannot offer customizable opportunities to match the sensor characteristics with specific deformation ranges of joints/muscles, resulting in suboptimal performance. Adequate wearable strain sensor design is highly required to achieve user-designated working windows without sacrificing high sensitivity, accompanied with real-time data processing. Herein, wearable Ti3C2Tx MXene sensor modules are fabricated with in-sensor machine learning (ML) models, either functioning via wireless streaming or edge computing, for full-body motion classifications and avatar reconstruction. Through topographic design on piezoresistive nanolayers, the wearable strain sensor modules exhibited ultrahigh sensitivities within the working windows that meet all joint deformation ranges. By integrating the wearable sensors with a ML chip, an edge sensor module is fabricated, enabling in-sensor reconstruction of high-precision avatar animations that mimic continuous full-body motions with an average avatar determination error of 3.5 cm, without additional computing devices.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Aprendizado de Máquina , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Acelerometria/instrumentação , Humanos , Movimento (Física)
10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080719

RESUMO

Bamboo is one of the most promising biomass materials in the world. However, the poor anti-mildew property and poor dimensional stability limits its outdoor applications. Current scholars focus on the modification of bamboo through heat treatment. Arc-shaped bamboo sheets are new bamboo products for special decoration in daily life. In this paper, we reported pressure-steam heat treatment and explored the effect of pressure-steam on the micro-structure, crystallinity index, anti-mildew, chemical composition, physical properties, and mechanical properties of bamboo via X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), wet chemistry method and nanoindentation (NI). Herein, saturated-steam heat treatment was applied for modified moso bamboo for enhancing the anti-mildew properties and mechanical properties of moso bamboo. Results showed that with the introduction of saturated steam, the content of hemicellulose and cellulose decreased, while the lignin-relative content increased significantly. The anti-mildew property of moso bamboo was enhanced due to the decomposition of polysaccharide. Last, the modulus of elasticity and hardness of treated moso bamboo cell walls were enhanced after saturated-steam heat treatment. For example, the MOE of the treated moso bamboo cell wall increased from 12.7 GPa to 15.7 GPa. This heat treatment strategy can enhance the anti-mildew property of moso bamboo and can gain more attention from entrepreneurs and scholars.

11.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 8025055, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052280

RESUMO

One of the most prevalent malignant primary brain tumors is primary glioma. Although glutathione peroxidase 8 (GPX8) is intimately associated with carcinogenesis, its function in primary gliomas has not yet been thoroughly understood. Here, we leveraged Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) database to investigate the association between GPX8 and overall survival (OS) of patients with primary gliomas, and our results showed that GPX8 expression was negatively correlated with OS. Moreover, the expression of GPX8 is significantly lower in normal tissue when compared to glioma tissue. According to results of univariate and multivariate analysis from CGGA using R studio, GPX8 is a valuable primary glioma prognostic indicator. Interestingly, high GPX8 expression is correlated positively with the hedgehog and kras signaling pathways and negatively with G2 checkpoint, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) pathway, and interferon gamma pathway, which could be beneficial for the proliferation of glioma cells. Furthermore, GPX8 knockdown caused G1 cell cycle arrest, increased cell death, and reduced colony formation in U87MG and U118MG cells. In conclusion, GPX8 is a promising therapeutic target and meaningful prognostic biomarker of primary glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Peroxidases , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Carcinogênese , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/terapia , Humanos , Peroxidases/genética , Prognóstico
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4454-4461, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046875

RESUMO

This study aimed to further explore the relevant mechanism of action by network pharmacology integrated with animal experimental verification based on previous proven effective treatment of vertebral artery type of cervical spondylosis(CSA) by Panlongqi Tablets. Bionetwork analysis was performed to establish drug-disease interaction network, and it was found that the key candidate targets of Panlongqi Tablets were enriched in multiple signaling pathways related to CSA pathological links, among which phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K)/serine-threonine kinase(AKT/PKB) signaling pathway was the most significant. Further, mixed modeling method was used to build the CSA rat model, and the rats were divided into normal, model, Panlongqi Tablets low-, medium-and high-dose(0.16, 0.32, 0.64 g·kg~(-1)) and Jingfukang Granules(positive drug, 1.35 g·kg~(-1)) groups. After successful modeling, the rats were administered for 8 consecutive weeks. Pathological changes of rat cervical muscle tissues were detected by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the content of interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), vascular endothelial cell growth factor(VEGF) and chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 2(CCL2) in rat serum and/or cervical tissues was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression levels of chemokine(C-C motif) receptor 2(CCR2), PI3 K, AKT, phosphorylated AKT(p-AKT), I-kappa-B-kinase beta(IKK-beta/IKKß), nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB P65) and phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB p-P65) in rat cervical tissues, and positive expression of p-NF-κB P65 in rat cervical muscle tissues was detected by immunofluorescence. The results showed that Panlongqi Tablets at different doses improved the degree of muscle fibrosis and inflammation in cervical muscle tissues of CSA rats, and reduced the content of inflammatory factors IL-1ß, TNF-α, VEGF, CCL2 and CCR2 in serum and/or cervical tissues. The protein expression levels of PI3 K, p-AKT, IKKß and p-NF-κB P65 as well as the nuclear entry of p-NF-κB P65 in cervical tissues were down-regulated. These findings suggest that Panlongqi Tablets can significantly inhibit the inflammatory response of CSA rats, and the mechanism of action may be related to the down-regulation of the activation of PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Espondilose , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Quinase I-kappa B/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Espondilose/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Artéria Vertebral/metabolismo
13.
Opt Lett ; 47(17): 4331-4334, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048646

RESUMO

Conventional histopathological examinations are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and are insufficient to depict 3D pathological features intuitively. Here we report an ultrafast 3D histological imaging scheme based on optimized selective plane illumination microscopy (mSPIM), a minutes-time scale clearing method (FOCM), and a deep learning-based image enhancement algorithm (SRACNet) to realize histological preparation and imaging of clinical tissues. Our scheme enables 1-minute clearing and fast imaging (up to 900 mm2/min) of 200 µm-thick mouse kidney slices at micron-level resolution. With hematoxylin and eosin analog, we demonstrated the detailed 3D morphological connections between glomeruli and the surrounding tubules, which is difficult to identify in conventional 2D histology. Further, by the preliminary verification on human kidney tissues, this study will provide new, to the best of our knowledge, feasible histological solutions and inspirations in future 3D digital pathology.


Assuntos
Iluminação , Microscopia , Algoritmos , Animais , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Camundongos , Microscopia/métodos
14.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 980854, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119574

RESUMO

Paeoniflorin, a monoterpene glucoside, is increasingly used in the clinical treatment of many diseases because it has a variety of pharmacological activities. Besides, paeoniflorin has been considered the characteristic chemical constituent of Paeoniaceae plants since it was first reported in 1963. Therefore, how to better develop and utilize paeoniflorin in Paeoniaceae has always been a research hotspot. We reviewed the current knowledge on paeoniflorin in Paeoniaceae, with particular emphasis on its distribution and influencing factors. Moreover, the limited understanding of the biosynthesis pathway has restricted the production of paeoniflorin by synthetic biology. This review provides insights into the post-modification pathway of paeoniflorin biosynthesis and proposes directions for further analysis in the future.

15.
NanoImpact ; : 100428, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanoparticles have been employed as nanopesticides for pest control in agriculture. However, the harmful effects of their chemical synthesis on human and environmental health have resulted in increased use of green synthetic approaches, including the use of plant extracts. The brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (BPH), is a severe pest of rice plants (Oryza sativa L.), especially in Asia. It is usually controlled chemically but has developed resistance against many insecticides. RESULTS: In this study, we synthesized metallic silver (Ag-NPs) and copper-oxide (CuO-NPs) nanoparticles using the exogenous phytohormone, gibberellic acid (GA3), as a reducing agent. We then sprayed them separately on rice plants and BPH together and evaluated their effects on the plants and insects. SEM and TEM images showed that the synthesis was successful, indicated by the sizes (25-60 nm), uniform shape and spherical and cubical structures of Ag-NPs, as well as by the rugby sheet-like of CuO-NPs with lateral sizes of 150-340 nm and thickness of 30-70 nm. Independent applications of the nanoparticles and GA3 on rice plants induced different volatile profiles, of which the highest number emitted was under Ag-NPs, including the highest emission of linalool. Transcriptome analysis showed that Ag-NPs-treated rice plants showed different transcriptome profiles compared to the control, 24 h after treatment, including the upregulation of the linalool synthase gene, genes of plants transcription factors such as WRKY, bHLH and NAC and other genes involved in plant defense responses. In all treatments, the mortality rate of BPH increased with an increase in NPs concentrations over time but was prominent under Ag-NPs treatment. The LC50 values for Ag-NPs and CuO-NPs decreased with an increase in time. Also, the nanoparticles increased the activities of protective enzymes (POD, SOD and CAT), inhibited that of detoxification enzymes (A-CHE, ACP and AKP), and reduced total protein concentrations in the BPH. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that synthesizing nanoparticles using phytohormones may be a safer and environmentally friendly option, which also holds promise for controlling the BPH in rice production.

16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 923579, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35992786

RESUMO

Background: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMCa) is a rare low-grade malignant tumor that most commonly occurs in the salivary glands, with approximately 320 cases having been reported worldwide. Here, we report the third case of EMCa occurring in the nasopharynx. Rare cases in the breast, pituitary gland, lacrimal gland, nose, paranasal sinus, nasal cavity, trachea and bronchus, lung, and even the pleura mediastinalis have also been reported. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry are useful for confirming the diagnosis of EMCa, which is characterized by biphasic tubular structures composed of inner ductal and outer clear myoepithelial cells and stains for different markers in each layer. However, because of the rarity of EMCa, the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment of these patients remain unclear. Case presentation: We report a rare case of EMCa of the nasopharynx. A 51-year-old man presented with a 5-month history of pain while swallowing and aggravation accompanied by right ear tinnitus lasting for 1 month. Nasopharyngoscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the nasopharynx and neck revealed a 5.6 cm × 3.4 cm × 3.1 cm mass in the nasopharyngeal space, invasion of the right cavernous sinus, and lymph node enlargement in the right retropharyngeal space. On 17 April 2019, based on the histopathological and immunohistochemical features, a final diagnosis of EMCa of the right nasopharynx was made. The patient underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), and his symptoms were relieved after treatment. On 10 January 2022, nasopharynx MRI and biopsy revealed local recurrence, but chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed no obvious signs of metastasis. The local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) period was 33 months. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the third reported case of EMCa in the nasopharynx and the only case of EMCa in the nasopharynx treated with CCRT, and a partial response was achieved. Therefore, to improve the quality of life and prognosis of patients with unresectable tumors, we believe that CCRT is a suitable option. Further clinical observations are required to elucidate the pathophysiology and prognosis of EMCa.

17.
Small ; 18(38): e2202928, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986438

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) hybrid materials are a class of porous crystalline materials that integrate MOFs and COFs with hierarchical pore structures. As an emerging porous frame material platform, MOF/COF hybrid materials have attracted tremendous attention, and the field is advancing rapidly and extending into more diverse fields. Extensive studies have shown that a broad variety of MOF/COF hybrid materials with different structures and specific properties can be synthesized from diverse building blocks via different chemical reactions, driving the rapid growth of the field. The allowed complementary utilization of π-conjugated skeletons and nanopores for functional exploration has endowed these hybrid materials with great potential in challenging energy and environmental issues. It is necessary to prepare a "family tree" to accurately trace the developments in the study of MOF/COF hybrid materials. This review comprehensively summarizes the latest achievements and advancements in the design and synthesis of MOF/COF hybrid materials, including COFs covalently bonded to the surface functional groups of MOFs (MOF@COF), MOFs grown on the surface of COFs (COF@MOF), bridge reaction between COF and MOF (MOF+COF), and their various applications in catalysis, energy storage, pollutant adsorption, gas separation, chemical sensing, and biomedicine. It concludes with remarks concerning the trend from the structural design to functional exploration and potential applications of MOF/COF hybrid materials.

18.
Small ; 18(38): e2204047, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997705

RESUMO

The efficiency of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cancer therapy is restrained by intrinsic characteristics in the tumor microenvironment (TME), such as overexpressed glutathione (GSH), hypoxia and limited efficiency of H2 O2 . In this work, intelligent copper-dropped calcium carbonate loading sonosensitizer Ce6 nanoparticles (Cu/CaCO3 @Ce6, CCC NPs) are established to realize TME-responsive self-supply of oxygen and successively Ca2+ -overloading-strengthened chemodynamic therapy/sonodynamic therapy (CDT/SDT). CCC NPs release Ca2+ , Cu2+ , and Ce6 in weakly acid and GSH-excessive TME. Released Cu2+ can not only consume GSH and turn into Cu+ via a redox reaction, but also provide CDT-creating hydroxyl radicals through the Fenton-like reaction. Under ultrasound irradiation, the intracellular oxidative stress is amplified profoundly relying on singlet oxygen outburst from SDT. Moreover, Ca2+ influx aggravates the mitochondrial disruption, which further accelerates the oxidation level. The facile and feasible design of the Cu-dropped CaCO3 -based nanoregulators will be further developed as a paradigm in ROS-contributed cancer therapy.

19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 3325-3341, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937077

RESUMO

Purpose: Current vaccines for the SARS-CoV-2 virus mainly induce neutralizing antibodies but overlook the T cell responses. This study aims to generate an exosomal vaccine carrying T cell epitope peptides of SARS-CoV-2 for the induction of CD8+ T cell response. Methods: Thirty-one peptides presented by HLA-A0201 molecule were conjugated to the DMPE-PEG-NHS molecules, and mixed with DSPE-PEG to form the peptide-PEG-lipid micelles, then fused with exosomes to generate the exosomal vaccine, followed by purification using size-exclusion chromatography and validation by Western blotting, liquid nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) test and transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, the exosomal vaccine was mixed with Poly (I:C) adjuvant and subcutaneously administered for three times into the hybrid mice of HLA-A0201/DR1 transgenic mice with wild-type mice. Then, the epitope-specific T cell responses were detected by ex vivo ELISPOT assay and intracellular cytokine staining. Results: The exosomal vaccine was purified from the Peak 2 fraction of FPLC and injected into the hybrid mice for three times. The IFN-γ spot forming units and the frequencies of IFN-γ+/CD8+ T cells were 10-82-fold and 13-65-fold, respectively, higher in the exosomal vaccine group compared to the Poly (I:C) control group, without visible organ toxicity. In comparison with the peptides cocktail vaccine generated in our recent work, the exosomal vaccine induced significantly stronger T cell response. Conclusion: Exosomal vaccine loading T cell epitope peptides of SARS-CoV-2 virus was initially generated without pre-modification for both peptides and exosomes, and elicited robust CD8+ T cell response in HLA-A transgenic mice.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Epitopos de Linfócito T , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Peptídeos , Poli I-C , SARS-CoV-2
20.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-6, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947028

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with BV(bacterial vaginosis, BV), VVC (vulvovaginal candidiasis, VVC) and TV (trichomonal vaginitis, TV) among non-pregnant women. Among 770 women included in analyses, surveyed using a questionnaire and subsequently diagnosed with BV, VVC and TV via Gram staining and vaginal swab microscopy. Vaginal infections were prevalent in 31.30%, with BV being the most prevalent (21.35%). Single-variable analysis revealed that an age of 20-29 years (odds ratio [OR] = 2.31, 95% CI: 1.24-4.29; p = .007) and lack of education (OR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.28-0.89; p = .018) were significantly associated with BV. However, an age of 30-39 years was significantly associated with VVC (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.03-4.38; p = .038). Multivariable analysis confirmed that miscarriage was an independent predictor of BV and VVC. Miscarriage was significantly associated with the incidence of BV and VVC (OR = 1.680, 95% CI: 1.146-2.462; p = .011 and OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.30-3.20; p = .002, respectively). In conclusion, BV appears to be the predominant cause of vaginitis, risk factors for vaginitis include age and level of education and miscarriage.IMPACT STATEMENTWhat is already known on this subject? Inflammation of the vagina, or vaginitis, is caused by various infectious and non-infectious factors. The most common causes of infectious vaginitis are BV, VVC and TV. Kunming located at the southwestern border of China, However, there is still no systematic research investigating the status of vaginitis infection in Yunnan Province. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the prevalence of these vaginal infections; BV, VVC, and TV, among women of childbearing age, and to assess the prevalence of vaginal infections and the associated risk factors.What do the results of this study add? In our study we found that vaginal infections were prevalent in 31.30% of reproductive-age women, with BV being the most prevalent (21.35%). We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the literature because we report that BV appears to be the predominant cause of vaginitis, followed by VVC and TV. Risk factors for vaginitis include age, miscarriage and level of education.What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? This study aimed to determine the prevalence of these vaginal infections, BV, VVC and TV, and to assess the prevalence of vaginal infections and the associated risk factors. Health education interventions are recommended to raise women's awareness of vaginitis and its prevention.

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