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1.
Food Funct ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985089

RESUMO

Polygonum multiflorum (PM), a popular functional food, and a herbal and dietary supplement, is widely used as a tonic in China and East Asia. In recent years, it has attracted great concern for its ability to cause idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI). However, identifying individuals susceptible to IDILI remains challenging. This is a prospective study. For 6 patients whose serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels after consuming PM were abnormally elevated (susceptible group), 15 patients with normal levels of liver injury markers were matched (tolerant group) based on similar baseline characteristics. ProcartaPlex immunoassays were adopted to quantitatively detect 33 serum cytokines in the two groups of patients before consuming PM, to characterize the cytokine profile and screen differential cytokines. Subsequently, the susceptibility of a potential biomarker to regulate PM-induced liver injury was validated in animal models. There were significant differences in the cytokine profiles between the susceptible and tolerant groups, wherein the susceptible patients showed immune perturbation characterized by high expression of multiple inflammatory cytokines, especially the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α (P = 0.006). Among them, the cytokine TNF-α had the strongest correlation with ALT, where the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.6, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was more than 0.8. Animal experiments revealed that both PM water extract and its susceptibility component of liver injury, cis-stilbene glucoside, could cause liver injury in the mice pre-stimulated using TNF-α. Conversely, administration of the same dose of drugs on control mice did not show any hepatotoxicity. In conclusion, immune perturbation mainly mediated by TNF-α may regulate the susceptibility to PM-induced liver injury. This provides a new perspective for the study of susceptibility to IDILI.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1211, 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To establish a prediction of HBsAg seroconversion in children with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), so as to help clinicians to choose therapeutic strategy. METHODS: A total of 63 children with HBeAg-positive CHB aged 1 to 17 years, who admitted to the fifth medical center of Chinese PLA general hospital and treated with interferon α (IFNα) 48 weeks were enrolled, the clinical data were measured. Based on the results of HBsAg seroconversion (HBsAg < 0.05 IU/mL and anti-HBsAg > 10 IU/L) at week 48, the patients were divided into HBsAg seroconversion (S) group and non-HBsAg seroconversion (NS) group. Multivariate COX regression was used to identify the impact factors associated with HBsAg seroconversion. A novel prediction index was established and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to assess the prediction for HBsAg seroconversion. RESULTS: The 63 patients were divided into S group (20.6%, 13/63) and NS group (79.4%, 50/63). Univariate and multivariate analysis identified age, baseline intrahepatic cccDNA and serum HBsAg levels were independent impact factors for HBsAg seroconversion. Intrahepatic cccDNA was positively correlated with serum HBsAg (r = 0.464, p = 0.000). AUROC of HBV cccDNA was 0.83 (95% CI 0.71 to 0.95) and AUROC of baseline HBsAg was 0.77 (95% CI 0.61 to 0.92). Intrahepatic cccDNA ≤ 0.08 log10 copies/106 cell is regarded as cutoff value, the positive predictive value(PPV) and negative predictive value(NPV) for HBsAg seroconversion were 86.8% and 60.0%, respectively, with a sensitivity of 92.0% and specificity of 56.2%. HBsAg ≤ 3.68 log10 IU/mL is used as cut off value, the PPV and NPV for HBsAg seroconversion were 91.2% and 56.3%, respectively; the sensitivity and specificity was 86.0% of 69.2%, respectively. There was no statistical difference between them for predicting HBsAg seroconversion (p = 0.146). CONCLUSIONS: HBsAg seroconversion can be predicted by the baseline serum HBsAg or intrahepatic cccDNA in children with CHB. Using the index, clinicians can choose more reasonable therapeutic strategy and reduce the waste of medical resources.

4.
Hepatology ; 2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To clarify high-risk factors and develop a nomogram model to predict biochemical resolution or biochemical nonresolution (BNR) in patients with chronic DILI. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Retrospectively, 3655 of 5326 patients with chronic DILI were enrolled from nine participating hospitals, of whom 2866 underwent liver biopsy. All of these patients were followed up for over 1 year and their clinical characteristics were retrieved from electronic medical records. The endpoint was BNR, defined as alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase >1.5× upper limit of normal or alkaline phosphatase >1.1× ULN, at 12 months from chronic DILI diagnosis. The noninvasive high-risk factors for BNR identified by multivariable logistic regression were used to establish a nomogram, which was validated in an independent external cohort. Finally, 19.3% (707 of 3655) patients presented with BNR. Histologically, with the increase in liver inflammation grades and fibrosis stages, the proportion of BNR significantly increased. The risk of BNR was increased by 21.3-fold in patients with significant inflammation compared to none or mild inflammation (p < 0.001). Biochemically, aspartate aminotransferase and total bilirubin, platelets, prothrombin time, sex, and age were associated with BNR and incorporated to construct a nomogram model (BNR-6) with a concordance index of 0.824 (95% CI, 0.798-0.849), which was highly consistent with liver histology. These results were successfully validated both in the internal cohort and external cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Significant liver inflammation is a robust predictor associated with biochemical nonresolution. The established BNR-6 model provides an easy-to-use approach to assess the outcome of chronic DILI.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(21): 5443-5449, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951194

RESUMO

The output of high level innovative Chinese medicines(CM) is very rare for a few years, which is in sharp contrast to the reality that antibody drugs, small molecular targeted therapy, antibody-drug conjugate and other innovative drugs have heavy investment and high yield. Acceleration for the research and development of innovative CM drugs obviously relies on breakthrough of the modes of thinking and methodology. Deeply influenced by the thinking of allopathic medicine in Western science system, the mainstream of current basic researches on CM is to find the components and their molecular mechanisms that can directly inhibit or antagonize the target in disease focal. However, it is difficult to explain the mechanism of the reported " active" components in many CMs, since their steady-state concentrations in disease focal are usually significantly lower than the effective concentrations of those components. Therefore, based on the original methodology of CM-systemism and harmonizing medicine, this paper proposed that the mechanism of action of CMs may not be limited to the direct antagonistic effect on the target in disease focal. Instead, it may involve indirect action through the intermediate substances across different organs or systems with a long-distance action pattern.A fundamentally break may be achieved when exploring the mechanism of action of CM active components from the perspective of indirect action. It may also change the thinking of allopathic medicine in the researches of CM and start a new innovative road for the development of indirect-acting CMs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 756975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776974

RESUMO

Liuweiwuling Tablet (LWWL) is a licensed Chinese patent medicine (approval number: Z20060238) included in the national health insurance for anti-inflammation of chronic HBV infection, whereas its anti-HBV effect remains clarification. The study aimed to clarify its antiviral effect and related mechanisms. HepG2.2.15 cells (wild-type HBV-replicating cells) and HepG2. A64 cells (entecavir-resistant HBV-replicating cells) were used for in vitro test. Hydrodynamic injection-mediated HBV-replicating mouse model was used for in vivo test. Active compounds and related mechanisms for antiviral effect of LWWL were analyzed using network pharmacology and transcriptomics. The inhibition rates of LWWL (0.8 mg/ml) on HBV DNA, HBsAg, and pgRNA were 57.06, 38.55, and 62.49% in HepG2.2.15 cells, and 51.57, 17.57, and 53.88% in HepG2. A64 cells, respectively. LWWL (2 g kg-1 d-1 for 4 weeks)-treated mice had 1.16 log10 IU/mL decrease of serum HBV DNA, and more than 50% decrease of serum HBsAg/HBeAg and hepatic HBsAg/HBcAg. Compared to tenofovir control, LWWL was less effective in suppressing HBV DNA but more effective in suppressing HBV antigens. Thirteen differentially-expressed genes were found in relation to HBV-host interaction and some of them were enriched in interferon (IFN)-ß pathway in LWWL-treated HepG2.2.15 cells. CD3+CD4+ T-cell frequency and serum IFN-γ were significantly increased in LWWL-treated mice compared to LWWL-untreated mice. Among 26 compounds with potential anti-HBV effects that were predicted by network pharmacology, four compounds (quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, and kaempferol) were experimentally confirmed to have antiviral potency. In conclusion, LWWL had potent inhibitory effect on both wild-type and entecavir-resistant HBV, which might be associated with increasing IFN-ß and IFN-γ production.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 693928, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630079

RESUMO

Early identification of individuals susceptible to idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is a challenging unmet demand. Diclofenac, one of the most widely available over-the-counter drugs for pain management worldwide, may induce liver dysfunction, acute liver failure, and death. Herein, we report that diclofenac-related hepatobiliary adverse reactions occurred more frequently in cases with immune activation. Furthermore, experiments with rats demonstrated divergent hepatotoxicity responses in individuals exposed to diclofenac, and modest inflammation potentiated diclofenac-induced liver injury. Susceptible rats had unique plasma metabolomic characteristics, and as such, the metabolomic approach could be used to distinguish susceptible individuals. The 23 identified susceptibility-related metabolites were enriched by several metabolic pathways related to acute-phase reactions of immunocytes and inflammatory responses, including sphingolipid, tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and lipid metabolism pathways. This finding implies a mechanistic role of metabolic and immune disturbances affects susceptibility to diclofenac-IDILI. Further nine metabolite biomarkers with potent diagnostic capabilities were identified using receiver operating characteristic curves. These findings elucidated the potential utility of metabolomic biomarkers to identify individuals susceptible to drug hepatotoxicity and the underlying mechanism of metabolic and immune disturbances occurring in IDILI.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 738577, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539416

RESUMO

Herbal medicine is widely used in Asia as well as the west. Hepatotoxicity is one of the most severe side effects of herbal medicine which is an increasing concern around the world. Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke (Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., PM) is the most common herb that can cause herb-induced liver injury (HILI). The recent scientific and technological advancements in clinical and basic research are paving the way for a better understanding of the molecular aspects of PM-related HILI (PM-HILI). This review provides an updated overview of the clinical characteristics, predisposing factors, hepatotoxic components, and molecular mechanisms of PM-HILI. It can also aid in a better understanding of HILI and help in further research on the same.

9.
Gene ; 805: 145907, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411648

RESUMO

The gene polymorphisms of ABCB1, EPHX1, and SCN1A were found to influence carbamazepine (CBZ) metabolism and resistance in epilepsy patients, but the relevance remains controversial. To reveal the relationships among the gene polymorphisms of ABCB1, EPHX1, SCN1A and the metabolism and resistance of CBZ, the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technique Journals, China Biology medicine disc and Wan Fang were retrieved for suitable studies up to April 2021. 18 studies containing 3293 epilepsy patients were included. The result revealed the gene polymorphism of ABCB1 c.3435C > T is significantly associated with altered concentration-dose ratios of CBZ (CDRCBZ) (CC vs. CT, OR = 0.25 (95% CI: 0.08-0.42), P = 0.004), and EPHX c.416A > G gene polymorphism may also significantly adjusted the concentration-dose ratios of carbamazepine-10, 11-trans dihydrodiol (CDRCBZD) (AA vs. GG, OR = 0.48 (95% CI: 0.01-0.96), P = 0.045; AG vs. GG, OR = 0.68 (95% CI: 0.16-1.20), P = 0.010, respectively) and the ratio of CBZD:carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide (CBZE) (CDRCBZD:CDRCBZE) (AG vs GG, OR = 0.83 (95% CI: 0.31-1.36), P = 0.002). Furthermore, ABCB1 c.3435C > T polymorphism was also observed to be significantly influenced CBZ resistance (CC vs TT, OR = 1.78 (95% CI: 1.17-2.72), P = 0.008; CT vs TT, OR = 1.60 (95% CI: 1.12-2.30), P = 0.01; CC + CT vs TT, OR = 1.61 (95% CI: 1.15-2.26), P = 0.006, respectively). Therefore, CBZ metabolism and resistance in patients with epilepsy may be adjusted by the gene polymorphisms of ABCB1 c.3435C > T and EPHX1 c.416A > G which provides the further scientific basis for clinical individualized therapy of epilepsy. However, larger sample size studies are still needed to provide further conclusive evidence.


Assuntos
Carbamazepina/metabolismo , Epóxido Hidrolases/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Adulto , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Carbamazepina/sangue , Carbamazepina/farmacologia , China , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/metabolismo , Epilepsia/genética , Epilepsia/metabolismo , Epóxido Hidrolases/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.1/genética , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.1/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(11): 2843-2851, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296584

RESUMO

The quality control of Epimedii Folium, composed of diverse constituents, is single at present. In view of this, an eva-luation method of 13 chemical constituents based on quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) was established to further explore the composition differences of raw products and alcohol extracts in different batches and the influence of alcohol extraction on the composition, so as to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control of Epimedii Folium. The fingerprints of different batches of Epimedii Folium were constructed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) to evaluate the inter-batch consistency. The changes of the flavonoids in Epimedii Folium during alcohol extraction were analyzed based on determined levels and heat map, and the reasons for the changes were preliminarily discussed. With icariin, the quality control component recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, as the internal reference, the stability of the relative correction factors of chemical components under different conditions was investigated to obtain the relative correction factors. Then the determination results of QAMS and the external standard method were compared to verify the accuracy of QAMS. The results revealed that all batches of Epimedii Folium met the requirements specified in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the fingerprints of Epimedii Folium from the same place of origin exhibited a high similarity. Raw products and alcohol extracts of Epimedii Folium could be clearly distinguished by prenylated flavonoids, which are potential biomarkers for quality control. Additionally, the glycoside hydrolysis in the alcohol extraction was preliminarily explored. The QAMS method has good accuracy, durability, and repeatability in determining 13 chemical components in Epimedii Folium under different experimental conditions. No significant difference in the results obtained by the two methods was observed. This study can provide a reference for comprehensive, rapid and reasonable quality evaluation of Epimedii Folium.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Folhas de Planta
11.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(6): 961-975, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141983

RESUMO

Alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) is caused by alcohol metabolism's effects on the liver. The underlying mechanisms from a metabolic view in the development of alcohol-associated liver cirrhosis (ALC) are still elusive. We performed an untargeted serum metabolomic analysis in 14 controls, 16 patients with ALD without cirrhosis (NC), 27 patients with compensated cirrhosis, and 79 patients with decompensated ALC. We identified two metabolic fingerprints associated with ALC development (38 metabolites) and those associated with hepatic decompensation (64 metabolites) in ALC. The cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) showed a better capability to differentiate ALC from NC than the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index score. The eigenmetabolite associated with hepatic decompensation showed an increasing trend during the disease progression and was positively correlated with the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score. These metabolic fingerprints belong to the metabolites in lipid metabolism, amino acid pathway, and intermediary metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Conclusion: The metabolomic fingerprints suggest the disturbance of the metabolites associated with cellular energy supply as an underlying mechanism in the development and progression of alcoholic cirrhosis.

12.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(11): 832-837, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical feature and information of medication to explore the risk signals of preparations containing Psoraleae Fructus (BGZP) related with hepatobiliary adverse drug reactions (ADR), in order to reinforce pharmacovigilance. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted based on hepatobiliary ADR related with BGZP from the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System in years from January 2012 to December 2016. Serious and general ADRs were analyzed and assessed. RESULTS: There were 355 cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP. Both the amount of cases and the proportion of serious ADR showed an increasing growth by years (P<0.05). It was found that 10.43% of 355 cases may be involved with irrational drug use, including overdose, repeated medication, and combination of multiple drugs. There were 190 cases which used BGZP (non-combination), and they were mainly for common in diseases caused by abnormal immune activation (accounting for 40.53% of the total cases). Especially at the age group with the most cases with age of 41-50 years, the cases associated with immunological diseases of female were obviously more than that of male (P<0.05). The latency of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP ranged from 1 to 386 days, and the median latency was 27.5 days, along with the range of cumulative dose (0.45-520.02 g) as well as the daily dose (0.09-2.64 g/d) after the conversion. CONCLUSIONS: Cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP showed significant individual differences, and there was no correlation between drug usage duration and dosage and the occurrence of hepatobiliary ADR. It may be similar with idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury, and recommended that BGZP should be used with more caution under monitoring liver function, especially in female patients with immunological diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Adulto , Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Farmacovigilância , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2556-2564, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047103

RESUMO

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bioensaio , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma
14.
J Pediatr ; 234: 85-91, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of liver-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children and adults. STUDY DESIGN: A case/non-case analysis on spontaneous reports based on the China National Adverse Drug Reactions Monitoring System database were conducted, focusing on events of liver-related ADRs in children younger than 14 years of age. Both the relative risk of liver-related ADRs in children vs entire population and the risk stratification in children were expressed as a measure of disproportionality using the reporting odds ratio (ROR). RESULTS: There were 1206 cases of pediatric liver-related ADRs identified from 2012 to 2016, accounting for 2.82% of the entire population. The greatest ROR values in children from 0 to 14 years vs the entire population were observed for analgesics (3.97, 95% CI 3.27-4.81), respiratory (2.60, 95% CI 1.04-6.43), antineoplastic (2.29, 95% CI 2.02-2.58), immunomodulatory (1.91, 95% CI 1.44-2.53), and antimicrobial agents (1.47, 95% CI 1.33-1.63). Notably, infants aged 0-1 years showed significantly greater risk (3.14, 95% CI 2.85-3.48) of liver-related ADRs than the other age groups of children. For infants, analgesics (3.21, 95% CI 2.20-4.66) and antimicrobials (3.15, 95% CI 2.50-3.97) agents were found to have the greatest adjusted RORs than other drug categories. The highest RORs were found for meropenem, amoxicillin, fluconazole, vancomycin, cefaclor, and ceftazidime in the antimicrobial agents for infants. CONCLUSIONS: Children are sensitive to liver-related ADRs caused by several specific drug categories, and infants are the most sensitive.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Analgésicos/efeitos adversos , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Razão de Chances
15.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(9): e5140, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830528

RESUMO

Owing to the complexity of the composition of herbal and dietary supplements, it is a challenging problem to efficiently screen and identify active or toxic compounds. Psoralea corylifolia L. (PCL) was selected as the subbject to establish a methodology for rapid screening and identification of hepatotoxic compounds. High-content imaging, ultra-performance liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were used in this study to detect the hepatotoxicity and identify unknown compounds in PCL samples. Then, putative toxic compounds which are highly related to hepatotoxicity were screened by spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis, and the toxicity intensity verified by high-content imaging. The maximum nontoxic dose of processed samples with good detoxification effect reduced more than 9 times compared with unprocessed raw medicinal materials. Spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis showed that bavachinin A, bavachin, isobavachalcone and neobavaisoflavone had high correlation with the hepatotoxicity of PCL, and psoralen and isopsoralen had low correlation with hepatotoxicity. This study verified the hepatotoxicity of these six putative compound monomers, proving the results of spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis. Based on the correlation analysis of high-resolution mass spectrometry of detection compounds and high-content imaging of hepatocyte toxicity data, the potential toxic compound of herbal and dietary supplement products can be quickly and accurately screened.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Psoralea/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ficusina/toxicidade , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Humanos , Isoflavonas/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos
16.
J Integr Med ; 19(4): 291-294, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814325

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has led to a new era of cancer treatment strategies, and transforming healthcare for cancer patients. Meanwhile, reports of immune-related adverse events have been increasing, greatly hindering the use of cancer immunotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has been widely used in Asian countries for thousands of years, is known to play a complementary role in the treatment of cancer. Taken in combined with conventional modern therapies, such as resection, ablation and radiotherapy, TCM exerts its main anti-cancer effects in two ways: health-strengthening (Fu-Zheng) and pathogen-eliminating (Qu-Xie). Theoretically, pathogen-eliminating TCM can promote the release of tumor-related antigens and should be able to increase the effect of immunotherapy, while health-strengthening TCM may have immune-enhancing mechanisms that overlap with immunotherapy. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is important to balance the use of TCM and immunotherapy, with the goal of enhancing immune efficacy and antagonizing immune toxicity. In this article, we discuss this issue by considering the mechanism of tumor immunotherapy, alongside the theoretical basis of TCM treatment of tumors, with the aim of bringing new insights to future research in this field.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Integrativa , Neoplasias , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Neoplasias/terapia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927776

RESUMO

Fuke Qianjin Capsule (FKQJ) is a common TCM compound formula in the treatment of gynecological inflammation-related diseases. This study intends to explore and establish a bioassay method to further improve its quality control. The bioassay method for the determination of anti-inflammatory biopotency was established based on its inhibitory activity on recombinant human cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an active target of FKQJ in the treatment of female pelvic inflammatory disease. We firstly established chemical fingerprint of 20 batches of FKQJ by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography to identify the components and analyze the chemical similarities. The similarity within different batches of FKQJ was relatively high. The values of similarity of the 19 batches were between 0.973 and 0.995, while one batch's similarity value was 0.813. Celecoxib, a selective inhibitor of COX-2, was chosen as the positive control drug in COX-2 activity assay to establish an anti-inflammatory biopotency detection method based on parallel line test of qualitative response. The methodological investigation showed that the method possessed good repeatability and precision. Secondly, the anti-inflammatory biopotency of 20 batches of FKQJ for inhibiting COX-2 was determined. The results showed that the biopotency of different batches of FKQJ ranged from 676 U/µg to 1310 U/µg, with average value of 918 U/µg and RSD of 16.7%. Based on multiple linear regression analysis, we found that three contents were highly correlated with the anti-inflammatory biopotency, while chlorogenic acid was validated of the strongest anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. Compared with chemical detection, bioassay can better reflect the quality fluctuation of different batches of products and correlate the known pharmacodynamic targets. The supplement of the bioassay method based on chemical evaluation is helpful to improve the quality control ability of Chinese patent medicine and ensure its clinical efficacy is stable and controllable.

18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 640799, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855035

RESUMO

Background: Chronic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) occurs in up to 20% of all DILI patients. It presents a chronic pattern with persistent or relapsed episodes and may even progress to cirrhosis. However, its underlying development mechanism is poorly understood. Aims: To find serum metabolite signatures of chronic DILI with or without cirrhosis, and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Methods: Untargeted metabolomics coupled with pattern recognition approaches were used to profile and extract metabolite signatures from 83 chronic DILI patients, including 58 non-cirrhosis (NC) cases, 14 compensated cirrhosis (CC) cases, and 11 decompensated cirrhosis (DC) cases. Results: Of the 269 annotated metabolites associated with chronic DILI, metabolic fingerprints associated with cirrhosis (including 30 metabolites) and decompensation (including 25 metabolites), were identified. There was a significantly positive correlation between cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) and the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) (r = 0.315, P = 0.003). The efficacy of cirrhosis-associated eigenmetabolite coupled with APRI to identify cirrhosis from non-cirrhosis patients was significantly better than APRI alone [area under the curve (AUC) value 0.914 vs. 0.573]. The decompensation-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) can effectively identify the compensation and decompensation periods (AUC value 0.954). The results of the metabolic fingerprint pathway analysis suggest that the blocked tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) and intermediary metabolism, excessive accumulation of bile acids, and perturbed amino acid metabolism are potential mechanisms in the occurrence and development of chronic DILI-associated cirrhosis. Conclusions: The metabolomic fingerprints characterize different stages of chronic DILI progression and deepen the understanding of the metabolic reprogramming mechanism of chronic DILI progression to cirrhosis.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 340-346, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645120

RESUMO

With the emergence of drug resistance in Western medicine, the repeated administration of clinical first-line drugs becomes more severe. There are many factors leading to multidrug resistance(MDR), so it is very difficult to solve the problem. Since traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has been used in the field of MDR in recent years, the research on the transporter-associated drug resistance and intervention of TCM has gradually become a hot spot. Therefore, in order to further explore the relationships among drug resistance, transporters, and TCM intervention, we review the relevant research progress in recent years and comb the achievements and limitations of this research at present. In the end, we put forward the research direction of changing body's ADME through the host's transporters and gastrointestinal flora, which provides new ideas for future research.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética
20.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 645-655, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692634

RESUMO

Background: Drug-induced liver injury is a common adverse effect in clinical practice, with severe cases resulting in liver failure and even death. Identification and prediction of individuals susceptible to idiosyncratic DILI continues to remain a challenge. Methods: In this study, we report that cytokines in human serum can be used to identify and predict individuals susceptible to Polygonum multiflorum-induced DILI (PM-DILI) in retrospective and prospective cohort studies. Findings: In the retrospective pilot study, we compared serum cytokine expression profiles of the PM-DILI group (n=10) and the PM-Tolerant group (n=12) and found 10 cytokines with significant differences. In the replication cohort study, differences in the 10 cytokines between PM-DILI (n =11) and PM-Tolerant (n=13) groups were verified. Among them, 6 cytokines showed no significant differences at two time points, including liver injury and recovery stage of PM-DILI, suggesting that these 6 cytokines have no correlation with PM-DILI, however, they may be related to susceptibility. Furthermore, all the retrospective cohorts were combined, and a PM-DILI susceptibility prediction model was built by screening the 6 cytokines. The combination of (TNF-α and CCL-2) or VEGF showed the highest sensitivity and specificity. Finally, the efficacy of the above 3 cytokine combination models in predicting PM-DILI-susceptible individuals was verified before PM exposure in another independent prospective cohort (n=24), with sensitivity and specificity of 66.7% and 83.3%, respectively. Conclusion: This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that the serum cytokine combination reflecting dysimmunity could be used as a new method to predict PM-DILI, thus providing a new perspective for improving the clinical management of IDILI.

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