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1.
Stem Cell Res ; 44: 101753, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213461

RESUMO

Familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) is a rare autosomal dominant metabolic disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes for the lamin A/C. Although multiple mutations have been reported in FPLD2 patients, the mechanism remains unclear due to the lack of cellular models for the disease. We previously have generated an iPSC line (PUMCHi001-A) from a FPLD2 patient with a heterozygous R349W mutation in the LMNA gene. Here we genetically corrected the R349W mutation in the LMNA gene using CRISPR/Cas9 technology to generate an isogenic control, which was an ideal control to exclude differences in genetic background between individuals while investigating the pathogenesis of the mutation in the disease.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187063

RESUMO

It shows that detrimental exposures and conditions in mothers can lead to the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes in offspring. This can lead to a vicious cycle of metabolic dysfunction, where rising rates of obesity, pre-diabetes, and diabetes in individuals of reproductive age, propagating risks to subsequent generations. It is well established that regular exercise has important health benefits for people with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recently, increasing studies aim to examine the effects of maternal exercise on metabolic health in offspring. This review aims to demonstrate the evidence linking maternal exercise during critical periods of development and its implications for glucose metabolism in offspring, including intervention timing, sexual dimorphism, different exercise type, and intensity. Then we further examine the potential role of epigenetic modifications in this process.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106122

RESUMO

: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a worldwide epidemic, has caused tremendous economic and social burden, but the pathogenesis remains uncertain. Nowadays, the impact of unrhythmic circadian clock caused by irregular sleep and unhealthy diet on T2DM has started to be increasingly studied. However, the contribution of the endogenous circadian clock system to the development of T2DM has not yet been satisfactorily explored. It is now becoming clear that the gut microbiota and the circadian clock interact with each other to regulate the host metabolism. Considering all these above, we review the literature related to the gut microbiota, circadian clock, and T2DM to elucidate the idea that the gut microbiota is closely tied to the regulation of the circadian clock in the development of T2DM, which provides potential for gut microbiota-directed therapies to ameliorate the effects of circadian disruptions linked to the occurrence and development of T2DM.

4.
J Endocrinol ; 245(1): 93-100, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027602

RESUMO

Remodeling of energy-storing white fat into energy-consuming beige fat has led to a promising new approach to alleviate adiposity. Several studies have shown adipokines can induce white adipose tissue (WAT) beiging through autocrine or paracrine actions. Betatrophin, a novel adipokine, has been linked to energy expenditure and lipolysis but not clearly clarified. Here, we using high-fat diet-induced obesity to determine how betatrophin modulate beiging and adiposity. We found that betatrophin-knockdown mice displayed less white fat mass and decreased plasma TG and NEFA levels. Consistently, inhibition of betatrophin leads to the phenotype change of adipocytes characterized by increased mitochondria contents, beige adipocytes and mitochondria biogenesis-specific markers both in vivo and in vitro. Of note, blocking AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway is able to abolish enhanced beige-like characteristics in betatrophin-knockdown adipocytes. Collectively, downregulation of betatrophin induces beiging in white adipocytes through activation of AMPK signaling pathway. These processes suggest betatrophin as a latent therapeutic target for obesity.

5.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 182(4): 393-403, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999622

RESUMO

Objective: A subset of normal-weight individuals appears predisposed to obesity-related cardiometabolic abnormalities. Studies of this metabolically obese, normal weight (MONW) phenotype in youth are scarce. We aimed to identify early environmental and genetic factors associated with MONW in children. Methods: Overall, 1475 normal-weight Chinese children aged 6-18 were recruited from the Beijing Children and Adolescents Metabolic Syndrome study cohort. Birthweight, childhood lifestyle, socio-economic factors, and 20 genetic variants previously shown to be associated with BMI or glucose metabolism in East Asian adults were examined for their association with the MONW phenotype. MONW was defined by exhibiting any metabolic syndrome component. Results: After adjusting for covariates including BMI, low birthweight and low levels of physical activity, fruit consumption, parental education and household income, as well as CDKAL1 rs2206734 genotype were independent predictors of the MONW phenotype (all P < 0.05). Moreover, rs2206734 interacted with birthweight to predict the MONW phenotype (Pinteraction = 0.0008). Among high (>75th percentile) birthweight individuals, each C allele at this locus was associated with a 62% reduced risk of MONW (OR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.26-0.58; P = 5.71 × 10-6), while no such genetic associations were found in intermediate or low birthweight individuals (P > 0.1). This CDKAL1-MONW relationship in high birthweight individuals was especially strong in the presence of favorable childhood environmental factors (high levels of physical activity, fruit consumption, parental education and household income) (Pinteraction = 0.013). Conclusions: Our findings provided the novel evidence that early environment (especially birthweight) and genetics, along with their interaction with one another, play important roles in predicting the MONW phenotype among children.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Meio Ambiente , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Criança , China , Dieta , Exercício , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , tRNA Metiltransferases/genética
7.
Stem Cell Res ; 42: 101651, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794942

RESUMO

Familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) is a rare autosomal dominant metabolic disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes for the lamin A/C. A human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line was generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a 30 year-old male patient with FPLD2 who had a heterozygous p.R349W (c.1045C > T) mutation in the LMNA gene using non-integrating episomal vector technique. This iPSC line offers a useful resource to investigate pathogenic mechanisms in FPLD2, as well as a cell-based model for drug development to treat FPLD2.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827549

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major microvascular complication of diabetes. In addition to moderating hyperglycemia, Shenqi Jiangtang Granule (SJG) had a beneficial effect on kidney function in a clinical trial. However, the mechanism involved remains unclear. This study was conducted to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms. A diabetic rat model was generated by using a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ) injection. Then, rats were given SJG at dosages of 400 mg/kg/d or 800 mg/kg/d by gavage for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks of treatment, blood glucose, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and 24-h urinary albumin were measured. Histochemical staining and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assays were performed in kidney. Kidney genomic expression in the SJG-treated group and diabetic group was detected by using a genome expression microarray. We found that SJG treatment reduced blood glucose, serum creatinine, BUN, and 24-h urinary albumin and affected kidney histology. The gene array revealed that the expression of 99 genes increased and the expression of 91 genes decreased in the HSJG group, compared with those of in the diabetic group. Pathway and gene ontology analysis of the differentially expressed genes showed an enrichment of the apoptosis pathway. SJG treatment reduced TUNEL- and caspase-3-positive cells in diabetic kidneys. SJG upregulated Bcl-2 and regucalcin expressions and reduced casp3 and Apaf1 expressions in diabetic rats. Our results suggest that SJG exerts a renal protective effect through the inhibition of cell apoptosis in a diabetic rodent model.

9.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2019: 7959615, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687021

RESUMO

Background: Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DIHS/DRESS) is a severe adverse reaction caused by specific drugs. However, little information is available about sequelae following DIHS/DRESS resolution from an endocrinologist's perspective. This study aimed to investigate the endocrine sequelae following DIHS/DRESS, from clinical feature to etiology. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the patients diagnosed with DIHS/DRESS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) during the period of 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2017, and those who developed endocrine disorders after DIHS/DRESS were further examined. We also reviewed the literature, from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2017, on involvement of endocrine glands in DIHS/DRESS patients. Results: Three patients developed both autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and type 1 diabetes (T1DM)/fulminant type 1 diabetes (FT1DM) of the 45 patients. Seven cases involving more than two endocrine glands were reported in the literature. Our results indicated that DIHS/DRESS is a potential etiological factor of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS), especially APS III. Conclusions: Patients require careful long-term follow-up after DIHS/DRESS. Involvement of endocrine glands, especially FT1DM, should always be monitored in patients with a history of DIHS/DRESS. This study indicated that DIHS/DRESS could lead to APS, especially APS III, providing novel insights into the etiological factors of APS.

10.
Endocrine ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754975

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 (MODY 3) is a consequence of heterozygous germline mutations in HNF1A, and a subtype of hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is caused by biallelic somatic HNF1A mutations; rare HCA may be related to MODY 3. This study aimed to investigate the cosegregation of HNF1A mutations with diabetes and HCA in two families. METHODS: Two patients suffering from HCA and diabetes were screened for HNF1A germline and somatic mutations using direct sequence analysis and methylation-specific multiplex-ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) assay. Further, we screened eight relatives in the two independent families for diabetes, HCA and HNF1A variants. Additionally, we reviewed the literature concerning the phenotypes of MODY 3 and HCA at the background of HNF1A mutations. RESULTS: Here we reported two families (a total of six relatives) with two missense germline mutations of HNF1A identified initially using direct sequence analysis (c.686G>A in family A and c.526 + 1G>A in family B). Somatic deletion of the second allele of HNF1A was found in liver tumor tissues in both probands who were diagnosed with HCA. There are a total of ten cases of both MODY 3 and HCA phenotypes reported in the literature to date; incomplete penetrance for HCA was observed, and all the patients with HCA developed diabetes. The onset of diabetes and HCA was highly variable, the treatment of diabetes varied from diet to insulin, and the clinical expression of HCA ranged from silent to hemorrhage. Further, the severity of diabetes mellitus was not related to the occurrence of HCA. CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the association of HCA and MODY 3 at the background of HNF1A mutations and highlights the importance of screening for HCA in MODY 3 families to avoid the possibility of severe complications. Further, the current study indicated that there may be a special mutational spectrum of HNF1A correlated with HCA in MODY 3 families.

11.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758850

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To assess the effect of dulaglutide (DU) 1.5/0.75 mg in comparison with glimepiride (GLIM) or insulin glargine (GLAR) on the composite end-point in Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Post-hoc analyses of two randomized phase III trials (NCT01644500 and NCT01648582) were carried out using Fisher's exact test. The primary composite end-point was the number of patients reaching glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <7.0%, without weight gain and hypoglycemia. Secondary composite end-points included the number of patients reaching HbA1c <7.0% without weight gain and HbA1c <7.0% without hypoglycemia. RESULTS: Data of 1,147 Chinese type 2 diabetes patients were analyzed (NCT01644500 = 556; NCT01648582 = 591). In each analyzed trial, 40-48% of patients received DU (1.5 mg), 30-39% of patients received DU (0.75 mg) and 15-20% of patients on active comparators (GLIM/GLAR) reached the primary composite end-point at week 26 (P < 0.001 for DU vs GLIM/GLAR). At 52 weeks, 26% of patients that received DU (1.5 mg), 23% of patients that received DU (0.75 mg) and 7% of patients that received GLAR attained the primary composite end-point (P < 0.001 for DU vs GLAR). A similar trend of results was found for secondary composite end-points. CONCLUSIONS: Dulaglutide is found to be an effective therapeutic alternative for Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. Compared with GLIM/GLAR, significantly greater proportions of patients on DU attained the HbA1c target of <7.0% without weight gain or hypoglycemia.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(20): 2508-2509, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567480
13.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605659

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Neonatal diabetes mellitus is created by alterations in the genes responsible for beta-cell mass and/or function. The present study aimed to evaluate the genetic variants in the insulin gene (INS) in four Chinese infants aged <12 months with diabetes onset, and to explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus caused by INS mutations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The complete coding sequences of KCNJ11, ABCC8 and INS were detected using Sanger sequencing. The pathogenicity of the mutations was determined based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, and the structure of wild-type and mutant proteins was predicted using the web-based tool, Phyre2. RESULTS: One novel mutation (p.I99_C100insSI) and three previously reported variants (p.G32S, p.R89C and p.C96R) in INS were identified in four infants with early-onset diabetes. All the mutations in the four patients were de novo. Except for mutation R89C, which causes permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus through the addition of an additional cysteine residue at the cleavage site of the A chain and C-peptide, the other three mutations affected disulfide bonds. The patients had diabetes with marked hyperglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis, and were then treated with exogenous insulin. Mutations in crucial regions of the INS might give rise to diabetes with varying severity. CONCLUSIONS: This study enriches our awareness of the mutant spectrum in INS, and suggests the important role of INS in the development of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622986

RESUMO

Fatty acids induced hepatic inflammation plays an important role in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) pathogenesis. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous gasotransmitter, has been established to possess potent anti-inflammation in various human organs. However, the anti-inflammation property of H2S in the fatty liver is still needed to further elucidate. Hence, this study aimed to investigate whether exogenous H2S can protect hepatocytes against inflammation induced by palmitic acid (PA). HepG2 hepatocytes were exposed to PA for 24 h to induce free fatty acids-induced inflammation. The cells were pretreated with NaHS (a donor of H2S) before exposure to PA. Cell viability, inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß), NLRP3 inflammasome and NF-κB were measured by a combination of MTT assay, ELISA, Western blot and Immunofluorescence. Here, we found that exogenous H2S dose-dependently inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, NLRP3 inflammasome and activation of NF-κB signaling in PA-induced HepG2 cells. Thus, H2S might be a candidate therapeutic agent against NAFLD.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632351

RESUMO

Scope: Maternal obesity leads to glucose intolerance in the offspring. Changes in the gut microbiota are being increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes. We hypothesized that inulin intervention during gestation and lactation improves glucose metabolism disorders in mouse offspring from high-fat diet (HD)-fed dams. Procedures: Female C57BL mice were fed a control diet or HD for 4 weeks before mating. After mating, pregnant mice were randomly divided into three groups through gestation and lactation: control diet (CD) group, HD group, and HD treated with inulin (HD-inulin) group. At weaning, glucose metabolic status was assessed. Gut microbial DNA from offspring cecal contents was isolated and processed for metagenomic shotgun sequencing, and taxonomic and functional profiling were performed. Results: Offspring from dams in the HD-inulin groups demonstrated reduced fasting blood glucose, decreased blood glucose area under the curve during the oral glucose tolerance test, and reduced fasting serum insulin and HOMA-IR compared to offspring from dams in the HD group. Nineteen differentially abundant bacterial species were identified between the HD-inulin and HD groups. The HD-inulin group displayed significantly greater abundances of Bacteroides_acidifaciens, Eubacterium_sp_CAG_786, Clostridium_sp_CAG_343, and Bifidobacterium_breve species and lower abundances of Oscillibacter_sp_1_3, Ruminococcus_gnavus_CAG_126, and Bacteroides_massiliensis species. Differentially abundant bacterial species among the three groups were involved in 38 metabolic pathways, including several glucose and lipid metabolism pathways. Conclusion: Our results show that early inulin intervention in HD-fed mouse dams moderates offspring glucose metabolism and gut dysbiosis.

16.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2019: 5893028, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534453

RESUMO

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been increasing dramatically worldwide, but the pathogenesis is still unknown. A growing amount of evidence suggests that an abnormal developmental environment in early life increases the risk of developing metabolic diseases in adult life, which is referred to as the "metabolic memory" and the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis. The mechanism of "metabolic memory" has become a hot topic in the field of DM worldwide and could be a key to understanding the pathogenesis of DM. In recent years, several large cohort studies have shown that shift workers have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and worse control of blood glucose levels. Furthermore, a maternal high-fat diet could lead to metabolic disorders and abnormal expression of clock genes and clock-controlled genes in offspring. Thus, disorders of circadian rhythm might play a pivotal role in glucose metabolic disturbances, especially in terms of early adverse nutritional environments and the development of metabolic diseases in later life. In addition, as a peripheral clock, the gut microbiota has its own circadian rhythm that fluctuates with periodic feeding and has been widely recognized for its significant role in metabolism. In light of the important roles of the gut microbiota and circadian clock in metabolic health and their interconnected regulatory relationship, we propose that the "gut microbiota-circadian clock axis" might be a novel and crucial mechanism to decipher "metabolic memory." The "gut microbiota-circadian clock axis" is expected to facilitate the future development of a novel target for the prevention and intervention of diabetes during the early stage of life.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379744

RESUMO

Bioactive food components have gained growing attention in recent years. Multiple studies demonstrated that genistein had beneficial effects on metabolism. However, the exact mechanism by which genistein improves metabolism remains unclear, especially the central regulation. This study was designed to evaluate whether addition of genistein to the high-fat diet could counter metabolic disorders and whether these alterations were associated with gene expression in hypothalamus. C57BL/6 mice were fed either a high-fat diet (HF), high-fat diet with genistein (0.25 g/kg diet) (HFG) or a normal control diet (CON) for 8 weeks. Body weight was assessed during the study. After 8-week intervention, content of inguinal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), perirenal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) were weighed. Glucose tolerance test, the serum levels of insulin and lipid were assessed. The mRNA of browning marker was detected in the white fat. The hypothalamus was collected for whole transcriptome sequencing and reverse transcription quantitative PCR validation. The results demonstrated that mice fed HFG diet had lower body weight and SAT mass, decrease levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and free fatty acids, higher browning marker of Ucp1 and Cidea in WAT and an improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity compared with those in HF group. Transcriptome sequencing showed that there were three differentially expressed genes in hypothalamus among the three groups, including Ucn3, Depp, and Stc1, which were significantly correlated with the browning markers in WAT and insulin sensitivity. Thus, regulating gene expressions in hypothalamus is a potential mechanism for genistein improving metabolism and inducing WAT browning, which may provide a novel target for the precaution and treatment of T2DM.

18.
Front Physiol ; 10: 985, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417434

RESUMO

Adverse early-life exposures program increased risk of chronic metabolic diseases in adulthood. However, the effects of genistein supplementation in early life on metabolic health in later life are largely unclear. Our objective was to investigate whether maternal genistein intake could mitigate the deleterious influence of a maternal high-fat diet on glucose and lipid metabolism in offspring and to explore the role of gut microbiota in mediating the transgenerational effects. C57BL/6 female mice were fed either a high-fat diet (HF), high-fat diet with genistein (0.6 g/kg diet) (HFG) or normal control diet (C) for 3 weeks before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and lactation. The male offspring had ad libitum access to normal chow diet from weaning to 24 weeks of age. Then the content of inguinal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and epididymal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were weighed. Glucose tolerance test (GTT), the level of serum insulin and lipid profiles were analyzed. The caecal contents were collected for 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that maternal genistein intake could significantly reduce blood glucose levels during GTT, fasting insulin levels, VAT mass and serum triglyceride levels as well as increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in adult male offspring. Significant decrease of germs from the Tenericutes phylum and enrichment of Rikenella as well as SCFA (short-chain fatty acid)-producing bacteria, including Alloprevotella, Odoribacter, and Clostridium XlVa, in offspring of genistein fed dams might play crucial roles in the improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism. Overall, early-life genistein intake attenuated the harmful effects of maternal HF on metabolism in adult offspring and the protective effects were associated with the alterations in gut microbiota, which provides new evidence and targets for mitigate the poor effects of adverse early-life exposures on metabolic health in later life.

19.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 43(8): 1556-1567, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Short sleep is an obesity risk factor, however, little is known about its interplay with genetic predisposition and pathways involved in obesity pathogenesis, especially in the longitudinal setting. We aimed to investigate a possible sleep-gene interaction for childhood obesity risk, and whether the interaction in childhood longitudinally contributes to obesity risk at a 10-year follow-up and further to test if there is any mediation through the leptin pathway. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 3211 children from China (6-18 years) at baseline and 848 participants at 10-year follow-up from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome (BCAMS) cohort study were analyzed. Baseline leptin concentrations and 12 established adult body mass index (BMI) loci were examined for the associations with habitual sleep duration. RESULTS: After adjusting for covariates, including pubertal stages and behavioral factors, short sleep duration at baseline was significantly associated with increased overweight/obesity risk at both baseline and follow-up. Genetic predisposition scores (GPS), particularly consisting of leptin-related SNPs (GPSleptin), were robustly associated with baseline overweight/obesity in children who slept ≤8 h/day (P < 0.001), whereas the association was ablated in those who slept ≥10 h/day (P > 0.05). Comparable observations were made at follow-up. Mediation analysis revealed a modest direct effect of the GPSleptin-sleep interaction on BMI at baseline, while a significant indirect effect of this interaction was found to be mediated principally through elevated leptin (proportion: 52.6%); moreover, the mediation effect via leptin remained stable over 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that shorter sleep duration in children from China (< 8h/day), compared to longer sleep duration (≥10 h/day), has a long-term impact on the association of polygenic risk for obesity from childhood to young adulthood and leptin pathway explains a key mechanism via a modification effect. Therefore, adequate sleep duration during childhood is important for the early prevention of obesity, especially if there is a genetic predisposition to this trait.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333579

RESUMO

Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is the most common monogenetic diabetes, which is easily misdiagnosed. We describe the first Chinese MODY4 family with a novel mutation, indicating that MODY4 cannot be excluded in early-onset obese diabetes, and pancreatic exocrine dysfunction could be present in MODY4.

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