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1.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 877186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572962

RESUMO

The manufacturer's instructions for the venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) antigen test for diagnosing neurosyphilis describe testing of serum samples and do not include procedures for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing. This study compared the CSF-VDRL test with 10 µL of antigen (CSF-VDRL-10) according to the American Public Health Association to the CSF-VDRL test with 17 µL of antigen (CSF-VDRL-17) according to the VDRL serum procedure. A total of 121 neurosyphilis patients and 86 syphilis/non-neurosyphilis patients were included. The sensitivities of the CSF-VDRL-10 and CSF-VDRL-17 tests were comparable for neurosyphilis diagnosis. The positive rate of the CSF-VDRL-17 test was higher than that of the CSF-VDRL-10 test. In all, 78.3% of the quantitative CSF-VDRL-17 results were consistent with those of the CSF-VDRL-10 test, 18.4% exhibited one-titer higher results than those of the CSF-VDRL-10 test, and 3.4% had positive CSF-VDRL-17 results but negative CSF-VDRL-10 results. The CSF-VDRL test with 17 µL of antigen was more sensitive, and it is worth performing longitudinal studies to understand its practical implications.

2.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508682

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of effective treatment options for advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs). Genome-wide analyses may allow for potential drugs to be identified based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs). METHODS: Oligo microarray data of RNA expression profiling of pNETs and normal pancreas tissues were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. Functional and pathway enrichment information of the DEGs was obtained using the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes databases. Corresponding homologous proteins were analyzed and potential therapeutic drugs for pNETs were identified using the Connectivity Map and Drug-Gene Interaction Database. RESULTS: Assessment of raw data from 12,610 pNET genes demonstrated that 1082 and 380 genes were upregulated and downregulated, respectively, compared with normal pancreas tissue. Upregulated pathways were associated with nitrogen metabolism (i.e., GABAergic synapse, and graft-versus-host disease), whereas downregulated pathways included C-type leptin receptor signaling pathway, pertussis and AMPK signaling pathway. In particular, the protein-protein interaction analysis revealed 10 upregulated hub genes (DYNLL1, GNB5, GNB2, GNG4, GNAI2, GNAI1, HIST2H2BE, NUP107, NUP133, and SNAP25) and 10 downregulated hub genes (CXCL8, F2, CXCL2, GCG, SST, INS, GALR3, CCL20, ADRA2B, and CXCL6). Using the Drug-Gene Interaction Database, candidate drugs for pNETs treatment included 3 EGFR inhibitors (canertinib, erlotinib, WZ-4-145), as well as other cell-signaling pathway inhibitors such as AG-592, acarbose, lonidamine, azacytidine, rottlerin, and HU-211. CONCLUSION: Using available genetic atlas data, potential drug candidates for treatment of pNETs were identified based on differentially expressed genes. These results may help focus efforts on identifying targeted agents with therapeutic efficacy to treat patients with pNETs.

3.
FASEB J ; 36 Suppl 12022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35556920

RESUMO

Hepatic steatosis, a consequence of obesity, is closely associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension. Even in patients that are not hypertensive, the amount of fat in the liver is positively associated with blood pressure. We hypothesized there was an underlying mechanism linking excess fat in the liver with increased blood pressure. We have previously established that liver lipid content is positively associated with hepatic production and release of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA, a process dependent on both the GABA shunt and electrogenic GABA transporters. Because GABA is co-transported with 1-2 net positive charges, hepatocyte depolarization, common in obesity, encourages hepatocyte GABA release. To investigate the effect of hepatocyte depolarization, we used an adeno-associated virus to induce hepatocyte specific expression of an artificial chimeric channel that opens in the presence of an exogenous ligand causing depolarization. Inducing hepatocyte depolarization increases release of GABA and decreases hepatic vagal afferent nerve activity. We established that administering the depolarizing ligand acutely (15-40 minutes after IP administration) increased systolic (30.08 ± 5.6 mmHg), diastolic (16.47 + 4.3 mmHg), and mean blood pressure (17.85 + 4.4 mmHg) measured via telemetry devices. In hepatic vagotomized mice hepatocyte depolarization had no effect on blood pressure, establishing the key role of afferent hepatic vagal signals in regulating blood pressure. Pharmacological inhibition of the GABA shunt by daily administration of ethanolamine-O-sulfate (4 days; 8 mg/mouse/day) limited liver slice GABA release and decreased systolic, diastolic, and mean (10 ± 3.07 mmHg; P < 0.05) blood pressure in diet-induced obese mice during the first hour of the dark cycle. We subsequently knocked down GABA-transaminase with bi-weekly IP deliver of an anti-sense oligonucleotide targeted to GABA-transaminase (12.5 mg/kg). We have previously established that this decreases liver GABA-transaminase mRNA expression by 97% without affecting mRNA expression in the pancreas or brain. GABA-transaminase knockdown decreased 24h mean, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure (17 + 3, 20 +2, and 14 + 4 mmHg respectively) in obese, angiotensin II induced hypertensive (continuous delivery of angiotensin II 800 ng/kg/min by Alzet® osmotic minipump) male mice. Together this data supports a role of hepatocyte GABA production and release in the hypertension that accompanies obesity. Moreover, our results provide a mechanism by which hepatic lipid content can affect blood pressure, identifying potential targets for the treatment and prevention of obesity-induced hypertension.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564789

RESUMO

As a major carbon-emitting country, there is an urgent need for China to reduce carbon emissions. Studying the carbon emission efficiency of each province helps us to learn about the characteristics and evolution of regional carbon emissions, which is important for proposing effective and targeted measures to achieve the carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals. This paper measures the carbon emission efficiency of 30 Chinese provinces from 2006 to 2019 based on a three-stage SBM-undesirable model and explores external drivers using stochastic frontier models. The results of the SBM-undesirable model show that the inter-provincial carbon emission efficiency is unevenly distributed and shows a big difference. From the results of the stochastic frontier model analysis, external drivers such as the intensity of finance in environmental protection, the level of economic development, the industrial structure, the level of urbanization, the degree of openness and the level of science as well as technology innovation all have an impact on the emission efficiency. In terms of LSTM model prediction, the model shows an excellent fitting effect, which provides a possible path for carbon emission efficiency prediction. Finally, based on the empirical results and the actual situation of each province in China, this paper proposes relevant feasible suggestions.

5.
Environ Res ; : 113428, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568232

RESUMO

Respiratory infectious diseases (e.g., COVID-19) have brought huge damages to human society, and the accurate prediction of their transmission trends is essential for both the health system and policymakers. Most related studies focus on epidemic trend forecasting at the macroscopic level, which ignores the microscopic social interactions among individuals. Meanwhile, current microscopic models are still not able to sufficiently decipher the individual-based spreading process and lack valid quantitative tests. To tackle these problems, we propose an exposure-risk-based model at the microscopic level, including 4 modules: individual movement, virion-laden droplet movement, individual exposure risk estimation, and prediction of transmission trends. Firstly, the front two modules reproduce the movements of individuals and the droplets of infectors' expiratory activities, respectively. Then, the outputs are fed to the third module to estimate the personal exposure risk. Finally, the number of new cases is predicted in the final module. By predicting the new COVID- 19 cases in the United States, the performances of our model and 4 other existing macroscopic or microscopic models are compared. Specifically, the mean absolute error, root mean square error, and mean absolute percentage error provided by the proposed model are respectively 2454.70, 3170.51, and 3.38% smaller than the minimum results of comparison models. The quantitative results reveal that our model can accurately predict the transmission trends from a microscopic perspective, and it can benefit the further investigation of many microscopic disease transmission factors (e.g., non-walkable areas and facility layouts).

6.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 56, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dynamic balance of osteoblast and osteoclast is critical for bone homeostasis and overactive osteoclastic function may lead to osteoporosis. Activating transcription factor 1 (ATF1) is involved in osteoclastogenesis. However, the detailed mechanisms remain to be explored. METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were used and induced toward osteoclast by RANKL administration. We performed flow cytometry, CCK-8 assay and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining to examine cell apoptosis, proliferation and differentiation of RAW264.7 cells, respectively. Mice were subjected to ovariectomy to induce osteoporosis. Micro CT, HE staining and TRAP staining were performed to evaluate bone loss in the OVX mouse model. Bioinformatics methods, luciferase assays and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) were used to predict and validate the interaction among ATF1, miR-214-5p, and ITGA7. RESULTS: ATF1 and miR-214-5p were up-regulated while ITGA7 was inhibited in RANKL-induced osteoclasts. MiR-214-5p was transcriptionally activated by ATF1. ATF1 knockdown suppressed osteoclast formation by miR-214-5p inhibition. ITGA7 was the direct target of miR-214-5p. Knockdown of miR-214-5p abolished osteoclastogenesis, which was reversed by ITGA7 knockdown. In OVX model, miR-214-5p knockdown suppressed osteoclast differentiation and prevented bone loss. CONCLUSION: ATF1/miR-214-5p/ITGA7 axis regulated osteoclast formation both in vivo and in vitro, thereby affecting OVX-induced bone resorption in mice. Knockdown of ATF1 might be a promising strategy to manage osteoporosis.

7.
Nutrition ; 99-100: 111676, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576876

RESUMO

This meta-analysis evaluated the relationship between dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and lung cancer risk, which has been controversial in previous studies. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant studies from inception to October 2021 in English only. We included case-control and cohort studies that reported relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between dietary GI or GL intake and lung cancer risk. Either a fixed- or random-effects model was used to estimate pooled RRs. Subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, meta-regression, publication bias test, and dose-response meta-analysis were performed. We identified nine studies eligible for meta-analysis with 32810 cases and 351013 controls. The pooled RR for highest versus lowest intake was 1.14 (95% CI: 1.03-1.26, I2=64.8%, P=0.002) for GI and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.84-1.02, I2=42.3%, P=0.076) for GL. Subgroup analysis showed that the associations between GI or GL and lung cancer were similar between groups. Sensitivity analysis revealed reduced heterogeneity among GL-related studies when one particular study was excluded. There was no evidence of publication bias. A linear association between GI intake and lung cancer risk was observed. The present meta-analysis suggests that high dietary GI intake is associated with a significantly increased risk of lung cancer in a linear fashion. However, no significant association was observed between GL and lung cancer risk.

8.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(6): 374, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495589

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) carry specific proteins involved in intercellular communication. EVs with different protein contents are released into circulation in different diseases. Recent studies have identified proteins in adenomyosis (AM)-derived EVs (AMEVs) from blood as biomarkers for this disease. AM is an extension of endometrial tissue into the uterine myometrium. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most accurate imaging tool for identifying adenomyosis. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the role of EVs in diagnosing AM. In the present study, tissue AMEVs (T-AMEVs) were isolated from lesion homogenates of patients with adenomyosis, and blood AMEVs (B-AMEVs) were isolated from peripheral blood of patients with AM via differential centrifugation and density gradient centrifugation. T-AMEVs and B-AMEVs were characterized by electron microscopy, western blotting and mass spectrometry and analysed using FunRich3.1.3 software. T-AMEVs (average diameter, 150.9±102.2 nm) and B-AMEVs (194.1±66.81 nm) expressed the CD9, CD63 and flotillin-2 EV markers. A total of 211 proteins expressed in T-AMEVs and B-AMEVs overlapped with Vesiclepedia database entries, including 2 epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated proteins and 6 invasion-associated proteins. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis indicated that these 211 proteins were associated with the 'regulation of cell morphogenesis' and 'cytoskeletal organization' terms, as well as the PPAR and HIF-1 signalling pathways, which are related to the proliferation and metastasis of endometrial cells that cannot invade the myometrium under normal circumstances. Among the 211 proteins, HSP90A, STIP1 and TAGLN-2 were expressed in T-AMEVs and B-AMEVs, but not in serum EVs of women without adenomyosis/endometriosis, and these proteins might be the potential biomarkers for adenomyosis. These findings provide insights into the molecular features of adenomyosis and the new candidate biomarkers for diagnosis.

9.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 231, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently raging all over the world. COVID-19 can be transmitted among humans. To control the spread of the epidemic and meet the learning needs of students, Chinese universities have used a variety of multimedia forms to conduct online teaching. However, the influence of different teaching methods on the learning effects of nursing students has not been conclusive, and few studies have directly compared the differences in the effects of different teaching methods. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the impact of different teaching methods on students' learning effects. METHODS: A total of 119 participants from the graduating class of 2022 performed 4 validated classes (fundamental nursing, medical nursing, surgical nursing, and paediatric nursing) through network teaching. A total of 126 participants from the graduating class of 2021 used the traditional teaching method and were enrolled as a control group. All participants completed a questionnaire, which was designed by the school for teaching evaluation, and took a test after the courses. RESULTS: A total of 245 nursing undergraduates were ultimately enrolled. The analysis of the academic performance and the student evaluations from the four courses showed no significant difference between the network teaching group and the traditional teaching group for nursing undergraduates (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Through the convenience of network teaching, teachers and students can choose the time and place of both their teaching and learning independently. Moreover, such use effectively prevents the spread of the epidemic. After the epidemic concludes, the continued use of the network teaching method can help improve teaching efficiency by being combined with the traditional teaching method.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Aprendizagem
10.
Health Phys ; 122(6): 663-672, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394463

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: When exposed to depleted uranium (DU), the respiratory tract is the main route for DU to enter the body. At present, lung lavage is considered to be a method for removing DU from the lung. However, there is still room for improvement in the efficiency of lung lavage. In this work, a model of DU dust inhalation injury was established in beagle dogs so that chitosan-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic nanoparticles (CS-DTPA NP) could be synthesized. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the removal efficiency of CS-DTPA NP combined with lung lavage in dogs. Results showed that 7 d after DU exposure, the diethylenetriaminepentaacetic (DTPA) and CS-DTPA NP groups showed lower U content in kidney tissue compared with the normal saline (NS) group. In the left lung tissue (lavage fluid and recovery rate of lavage fluid), the U content in the CS-DTPA NP group was higher than in the NS and DTPA groups. In terms of blood levels, the CS-DPTA NP group increased over time at 1, 3 and 7 d of DU exposure without lavage; however, the U levels in the 3 and 7 d lavage groups were significantly lower than in the non-lavage groups. IL-1 in the lavage fluid of the CS-DPTA NP and CS NPs group were lower than in the NS group. In summary, after respiratory exposure to DU, early inhalation of CS-DPTA NP may block insoluble DU particles in the lung, and if combined with lung lavage, the clearance efficiency of DU from lung tissue improves.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Urânio , Animais , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Cães , Poeira , Pulmão , Ácido Pentético
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 836: 155517, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483456

RESUMO

As the Third Pole of the Earth, the Tibetan Plateau has numerous lakes with seasonal ice cover. The ice phenology of these lakes has undergone remarkable changes in recent years. We obtained the ice phenology records for 71 lakes for the period of 2001 to 2020 and found overall later trends for both freeze-up and break-up dates. As a result, the changes in ice cover duration showed great spatial heterogeneity. Therefore, we analyzed the causes of lake ice phenology changes from two aspects: climate change and lake properties. The results showed that the changes in air temperature dominated the variations in ice phenology, followed by solar radiation. The weakened wind power in the northeastern part of the plateau was favorable for the delay of break-up end dates and the extension of ice cover durations. Furthermore, by changing the lake size and salinity, water balance changes led to aggravated ice phenology changes for some lakes, while for some other lakes, they moderated or even reversed the changes caused by other climatic factors. In general, the spatial inconsistency of changes in multiple climatic factors (especially differences between the northeastern and southwestern parts) during the 20 years was the main reason for the heterogeneity of lake ice phenology changes on the Tibetan Plateau. This study preliminarily summarized some of the effects of climate change and lake properties on lake ice phenology, and the results are important for understanding the physical mechanism of lake ice phenology changes under climate change.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441413

RESUMO

Transition-metal alloys are currently drawing increasing attention as promising alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts due to their unique advantages. However, traditional density functional theory (DFT)-derived d -band theory fails to describe the hydrogen adsorption energy (Δ G H ) on hollow sites. Herein, by studying the Δ G H for a series of Ni-M (M = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Mo, W) bimetallic alloys, an improved d -band center is provided by considering multi-metals-H bonds cooperative effect as a dependable descriptor of hydrogen adsorption energy, and screen out a potential NiCu HER electrocatalyst with a near-optimal Δ G H . Moreover, oxygen atoms were introduced into Ni-M (O-NiM) to balance the adsorption/desorption of *OH, the tailored water dissociation electrocatalytic sites can synergistically accelerate the multi-step alkaline HER. Direct experimental evidence is offered that O-NiCu possesses the optimum HER activity with ultralow overpotentials of 23 and 69 mV to obtain current densities of 10 and 100 mA cm -2 , respectively, which is much lower than those of noble metal Pt/C and reported electrocatalysts. The micro-kinetics analysis and DFT calculations further affirm the energetic alkaline HER kinetic process. This work not only broadens the applicability of d -band theory, but provides crucial understanding in designing efficient alkaline HER electrocatalysts.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 237: 114401, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468512

RESUMO

DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is an essential element in the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway and has been regarded as a druggable target for antineoplastic agents. Starting from AZD-7648, a potent DNA-PK inhibitor being investigated in phase II clinical trials for advanced cancer treatment, two series of DNA-PK inhibitors were rationally designed via scaffold hopping strategy, synthesized, and assessed for their biological activity. Most compounds exhibited potent biochemical activity on DNA-PK enzymatic assay with IC50 values below 300 nM. Among these compounds, DK1 showed the best DNA-PK-inhibitory potency (IC50 = 0.8 nM), slightly better than that of AZD-7648 (IC50 = 1.58 nM). Mode of action studies revealed that compound DK1 decreased the expression levels of γH2A.X and demonstrated synergistic antiproliferative activity against a series of cancer cell lines when used in combination with doxorubicin. Moreover, DK1 showed reasonable in vitro drug-like properties and favorable in vivo pharmacokinetics as an oral drug candidate. Importantly, the combination therapy of DK1 with DNA double-strand break (DSB)-inducing agent doxorubicin showed synergistic anticancer efficacy in the HL-60 xenograft model with a tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of 52.4% and 62.4% for tumor weight and tumor volume, respectively. In conclusion, DK1 is a novel DNA-PK inhibitor with great promise for further study.

15.
Vascular ; : 17085381221094884, 2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To retrospectively analyze the short-term outcomes of catheter-based versus direct foam sclerotherapy when combined with high ligation (HL) for the treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence. METHODS: From July 2018 to October 2019, a total of 82 lower limbs of 70 patients with GSV incompetence received HL combined with catheter-based foam sclerotherapy (CFS group) or direct foam sclerotherapy (DFS group) for GSV proximal trunk. Among them, 40 limbs of 36 patients were treated with CFS, and 42 limbs of 34 patients were treated with DFS. The occlusion of GSV proximal trunk was evaluated with venous duplex ultrasound examinations; Venous Clinical Severity Scores (VCSS) was used to assess clinical improvement; Aberdeen Varicose Veins Questionnaire (AVVQ) was used to assess quality-of-life scores; and Complications was used for the safety evaluation. RESULTS: At day 7 post-operatively, complete occlusion of proximal trunk of the GSV was achieved in 92.5% legs of the CFS group and 71.4% of the DFS group (p = 0.014). Additionally, anterograde flow was found in 7.5% legs of the CFS group and 26.2% of the DFS group (p = 0.025). No significant differences in the occurrence of complications were observed between the two groups. The median follow-up was 285.5 days in the DFS group and 318 days in the CFS group (p = 0.140). VCSS and AVVQ reduction were significant in both CFS group and DFS group (5.3 ± 2.5, 5.5 ± 2.4, p < 0.001 for VCSS; 15.9 ± 8.0, 16.3 ± 8.6, p < 0.001 for AVVQ), but no significant difference were observed between two groups (p = 0.655 for VCSS, p = 0.934 for AVVQ). CONCLUSIONS: Although the occlusion of great saphenous vein proximal trunk were different, two modalities result in similar clinical and quality-of-life improvements. DFS is a feasible alternative to CFS when combined with HL.

16.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-7, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary fallopian tube cancer (PFTC) shares the same diagnostic and management guidelines with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). The LION trail raised concerns regarding the role of systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy during debulking surgery. We aimed to evaluate the significance of lymphadenectomy in PFTC survival. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the clinical features and survival of patients with PFTC who underwent primary surgery in our center between January 2013 and October 2020. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients diagnosed with PFTC were included in the study. Twenty-five (41.0%, 25/61) were diagnosed with FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stages I/II and 36 (59.0%, 36/61) were diagnosed with stage III/IV. Twenty-nine (47.5%, 29/61) underwent pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy, among which 12 (41.4%, 12/29) had lymph node metastasis confirmed by postoperative pathology. The mean progression-free survival was 60.4 months in the lymphadenectomy group and 37.8 months in the no-lymphadenectomy group (p = 0.042, HR 0.374, 95% CI 0.145-0.966). CONCLUSIONS: PFTC is often diagnosed earlier and has a better prognosis than EOC. Most patients with PFTC would benefit from lymphadenectomy. However, the extent to which this association translates to a more diverse population needs to be further identified.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 218, 2022 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colocasia gigantea, Caladium bicolor and Xanthosoma sagittifolium are three worldwide famous ornamental and/or vegetable plants in the Araceae family, these species in the subfamily Aroideae are phylogenetically perplexing due to shared interspecific morphological traits and variation. RESULT: This study, for the first time ever, assembled and analyzed complete chloroplast genomes of C. gigantea, C. bicolor and X. sagittifolium with genome sizes of 165,906 bp, 153,149 bp and 165,169 bp in length, respectively. The genomes were composed of conserved quadripartite circular structures with a total of 131 annotated genes, including 8 rRNA, 37 tRNA and 86 protein-coding genes. A comparison within Aroideae showed seven protein-coding genes (accD, ndhF, ndhK, rbcL, rpoC1, rpoC2 and matK) linked to environmental adaptation. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed a close relationship of C. gigantea with C. esculenta and S. colocasiifolia, and the C. bicolor with X. sagittifolium. Furthermore, three DNA barcodes (atpH-atpI + psaC-ndhE, atpH-atpI + trnS-trnG, atpH-atpI + psaC-ndhE + trnS-trnG) harbored highly variable regions to distinguish species in Aroideae subfamily. CONCLUSION: These results would be beneficial for species identification, phylogenetic relationship, genetic diversity, and potential of germplasm resources in Aroideae.


Assuntos
Araceae , Genoma de Cloroplastos , Araceae/genética , Cloroplastos/genética , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia
18.
Mater Today Bio ; 14: 100244, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345558

RESUMO

Sepsis-induced acute liver injury often develops in the early stages of sepsis and can exacerbate the pathology by contributing to multiple organ dysfunction and increasing lethality. No specific therapies for sepsis-induced liver injury are currently available; therefore, effective countermeasures are urgently needed. Considering the crucial role of neutrophils in sepsis-induced liver injury, herein, neutrophil membrane-mimicking nanodecoys (NM) were explored as a biomimetic nanomedicine for the treatment of sepsis-associated liver injury. NM administration exhibited excellent biocompatibility and dramatically decreased the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines and liver injury biomarkers, including aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and direct bilirubin, in a sepsis mouse model. NM treatment also reduced hepatic malondialdehyde content, myeloperoxidase activity, and histological injury, and ultimately improved survival in the septic mice. Further in vitro studies showed that NM treatment neutralized the neutrophil chemokines and inflammatory mediators and directly mitigated neutrophil chemotaxis and adhesion. Additionally, NM also markedly weakened lipopolysaccharide-induced reactive oxygen species generation, cyclooxygenase-2 expression, nitric oxide secretion, and subsequent hepatocyte injury. Thus, this study provides a promising therapeutic strategy for the management of sepsis-induced acute liver injury.

19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(4): 158, 2022 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347486

RESUMO

A rapid and convenient fluorescence glyphosate (GLYP) biosensor was developed based on DNA-templated copper nanoparticles (DNA-CuNPs). In the absence of GLYP, the DNA-CuNPs were formed through the reduction of Cu2+ by vitamin C (Vc). The DNA-CuNPs emitted intense fluorescence at 615 nm when being excited at 340 nm. In the presence of GLYP, GLYP can strongly chelate with Cu2+ by the phosphate and carboxyl groups to decrease the amount of free Cu2+. Due to the lack of free Cu2+, DNA-CuNPs cannot be formed, which caused the fluorescence to decrease. The whole detection process of this proposed GLYP biosensor can be completed within 14 min. Titration experiments showed that this biosensor had a linear relationship for GLYP in the range 1 to 18 µM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.47 µM. This biosensor showed obvious selectivity among other pesticides, even between GLYP and organophosphorus pesticides. This biosensor performed well for GLYP detection in real samples with recoveries of 88.0-104.0%.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Praguicidas , Cobre , DNA , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Compostos Organofosforados
20.
J Contam Hydrol ; 247: 103985, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286951

RESUMO

In this study, an inexact fractional programming method is employed for planning the regional-scale water-energy-food nexus (WEFN) system. The IFP cannot only deal with uncertainties expressed as interval parameters, but also handle conflicts among multiple decision stakeholders. The IFP approach is then applied to planning the WEFN system of Henan Province, China. An IFP-WEFN model has been established under consideration of various restrictions related to water and energy availability, as well as food demand. Solutions of the planting areas for different crops in different periods have been generated. The results suggested that there would be a significant increase for vegetable cultivation with an increasing rate of 24.4% and 30% respectively for the conservative and advantageous conditions, followed by the fruit cultivation. In comparison, the planting area of cotton would be decreased with a decreasing rate of 21.2%, and there would also be an explicit decrease for rice cultivation. These results can help generate a desired planting scheme in order to achieve a maximized unit benefit with respect to the water utilization. Comparison between the IFP-WEFN model and the ILP-WEFN model indicates that, even though a slightly lower benefit is obtained from IFP-WENF model, it can result in a higher unit benefit than the planting scheme from ILP-WEFN model. Consequently, the IFP-WEFN model can help decision-makers identify the sustainable agricultural water resources management schemes with a priority of water utilization efficiency.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Água , China , Incerteza , Recursos Hídricos , Abastecimento de Água
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