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1.
Cell Metab ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004475

RESUMO

Age-dependent loss of hypothalamic neural stem cells (htNSCs) is important for the pathological consequences of aging; however, it is unclear what drives the senescence of htNSCs. Here, we report that a long non-coding RNA, Hnscr, is abundantly expressed in the htNSCs of young mice but decreases markedly in middle-aged mice. We show that depletion of Hnscr is sufficient to drive the senescence of htNSCs and aging-like phenotypes in mice. Mechanistically, Hnscr binds to Y-box protein 1 (YB-1) to prevent its degradation and thus the attenuation of transcription of the senescence marker gene p16INK4A. Through molecular docking, we discovered that a naturally occurring small compound, theaflavin 3-gallate, can mimic the activity of Hnscr. Treatment of middle-aged mice with theaflavin 3-gallate reduced the senescence of htNSCs while improving aging-associated pathology. These results point to a mediator of the aging process and one that can be pharmacologically targeted to improve aging-related outcomes.

2.
Electrophoresis ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009239

RESUMO

In this study, a small set of ancestor information single nucleotide polymorphisms (AISNPs) were selected to differentiate African, European, East and South Asian samples, which was detected by the next-generation sequencing technology. A total of 127 Chinese Han individuals were collected as test samples. No statistical significant linkage disequilibrium of any pair of loci or departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of each locus was observed in the test population. To evaluate the performance of ancestry assignment using this panel, admixture analysis, principal component analysis and likelihood ratio (LR) calculations were conducted based on the 1000 genome data and test samples. All populations were clustered into four groups, AFR, EUR, SAS and EAS, which were consistent with their geographical origins. The pairwise fixation index (FST ) between populations from different continental groups ranged from 0.140 to 0.621 with average 0.415; and the pairwise FST between populations from the same continental group ranged from 0.000 to 0.056 with average 0.012. The LR results of 125 test individuals indicated that their ancestry components were highly possible from EAS. In conclusion, this small set of AISNPs can be used as a reliable tool to identify and quantify ancestry components of unknown samples. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognosis including major adverse kidney events within 30 days (MAKE30) and 90-day and 1-year adverse outcome in hospitalized patients with post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) to identify high-risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 288 PC-AKI patients selected from 277,898 patients admitted to hospitals from January 2015 to December 2015. PC-AKI was defined according to the 2018 guideline of European Society of Urogenital Radiology. Multivariable Cox regression and logistic regression analyses were used to analyze main outcome and risk factors. RESULTS: PC-AKI patients with AKI stage ≥ 2 had much higher incidence of MAKE30 than those with AKI stage 1 (RR = 7.027, 95% CI 4.918-10.039). Persistent renal dysfunction, heart failure, central nervous system failure, baseline eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, oliguria or anuria, blood urea nitrogen ≥ 7.14 mmol/L, respiratory failure, and shock were independent risk factors of 90-day or 1-year adverse prognosis (p < 0.05). Compared with transient renal dysfunction, PC-AKI patients with persistent renal dysfunction had a higher all-cause mortality rate (RR = 3.768, 95% CI 1.612-8.810; RR = 4.106, 95% CI 1.765-9.551) as well as combined endpoints of death, chronic kidney disease, or end-stage renal disease (OR = 3.685, 95% CI 1.628-8.340; OR = 5.209, 95% CI 1.730-15.681) within 90 days or 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: PC-AKI is not always a transient, benign creatininopathy, but can result in adverse outcome. AKI stage is independently correlated to MAKE30 and persistent renal dysfunction may exaggerate the risk of long-term adverse events. KEY POINTS: • PC-AKI can result in adverse outcome such as persistent renal dysfunction, dialysis, chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), or death. • AKI stage is independently correlated to MAKE30. • Persistent renal dysfunction may exaggerate the risk of long-term adverse events.

4.
Cell Prolif ; : e12784, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: CD31hi EMCNhi vessels (CD31, also known as PECAM1 [platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1]; EMCN, endomucin), which are strongly positive for CD31 and endomucin, couple angiogenesis and osteogenesis. However, the role of CD31hi EMCNhi vessels in bone regeneration remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the role of CD31hi EMCNhi vessels in the process of bone regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used endothelial-specific Krüppel like factor 3 (Klf3) knockout mice and ophiopogonin D treatment to interfere with CD31hi EMCNhi vessel formation. We constructed a bone regeneration model by surgical ablation of the trabecular bone. Immunofluorescence and micro-computed tomography (CT) were used to detect CD31hi EMCNhi vessels and bone formation. RESULTS: CD31hi EMCNhi vessels participate in the process of bone regeneration, such that endothelial-specific Klf3 knockout mice showed increased CD31hi EMCNhi vessels and osteoprogenitors in the bone regeneration area, and further accelerated bone formation. We also demonstrated that the natural compound, ophiopogonin D, acts as a KLF3 inhibitor to promote vessels formation both in vitro and in vivo. Administration of ophiopogonin D increased the abundance of CD31hi Emcnhi vessels and accelerated bone healing. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirmed the important role of CD31hi Emcnhi vessels in bone regeneration and provided a new target to treat bone fracture or promote bone regeneration.

5.
EBioMedicine ; 51: 102603, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 1 (TNFAIP1) is frequently downregulated in cancer cell lines and promotes cancer cell apoptosis. However, its role, clinical significance and molecular mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are unknown. METHODS: The expression of TNFAIP1 in HCC tumor tissues and cell lines was measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. The effects of TNFAIP1 on HCC proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, angiogenesis and tumor formation were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8), Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL), transwell, tube formation assay in vitro and nude mice experiments in vivo. The interaction between TNFAIP1 and CSNK2B was validated by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), Co-immunoprecipitation and Western blot. The mechanism of how TNFAIP1 regulated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) pathway was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter, immunofluorescence, quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot. FINDINGS: The TNFAIP1 expression is significantly decreased in HCC tissues and cell lines, and negatively correlated with the increased HCC histological grade. Overexpression of TNFAIP1 inhibits HCC cell proliferation, metastasis, angiogenesis and promotes cancer cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo, whereas the knockdown of TNFAIP1 in HCC cell displays opposite effects. Mechanistically, TNFAIP1 interacts with CSNK2B and promotes its ubiquitin-mediated degradation with Cul3, causing attenuation of CSNK2B-dependent NF-κB trans-activation in HCC cell. Moreover, the enforced expression of CSNK2B counteracts the inhibitory effects of TNFAIP1 on HCC cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. INTERPRETATION: Our results support that TNFAIP1 can act as a tumor suppressor of HCC by modulating TNFAIP1/CSNK2B/NF-κB pathway, implying that TNFAIP1 may represent a potential marker and a promising therapeutic target for HCC.

6.
Chemosphere ; 248: 125981, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000040

RESUMO

Carbon based solid waste materials have been intensively investigated for the preparation of solid acid catalysts through sulfonation, but the acidity varies significantly depending on the material. In this study, the role of aromatic hydrogen in sulfonation with concentrated H2SO4 was investigated using petroleum coke (petcoke), graphite, and biochar as the carbon materials. Through ball milling and calcination, the amount of aromatic hydrogen on the petcoke could be increased or decreased, respectively. After sulfonation at 80 °C with concentrated H2SO4, the produced acidity (i.e., -SO3H groups) increased as the amount of aromatic hydrogen increased from essentially no acidity on graphite to 0.55 mmol/g on biochar and 1.25 mmol/g on petcoke (particle sizes of 45-90 µm) indicating the importance of aromatic hydrogen during sulfonation. Calcination (350 °C for 1 h) of the petcoke before sulfonation decreased the acidity to 0.59 mmol/g, while ball milling (with isopropanol and silica for 24 h) increased the acidity to 3.73 mmol/g. The sulfonated petcoke samples were used as catalysts for the esterification reaction between octanoic acid and methanol at 60 °C and the turnover frequencies were 48-85 h-1. The results give insights on the preparation of solid acid catalysts from carbon materials and highlight the application of petcoke without activation as a feedstock for esterification catalysts.

7.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(2): 1079-1087, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792748

RESUMO

Tibetans living in the Qing-Tibet plateau show unique genetic features since they are exposed to the high altitude environment. Accordingly, it is necessary for us to analyze genetic components of the Tibetan groups. Here, genetic structure and ancestry proportions of Tibet Tibetan and Qinghai Tibetan groups are dissected by using a previously published ancestral deletion/insertion polymorphisms (DIPs) panel. Genetic distributions of the analyzed DIPs in both Tibetan groups reveal that some DIPs show relatively balanced frequency distributions with the values ranging from 0.4 to 0.6, implying that these DIPs could be used as individual identification loci for forensic applications in both groups. Besides, the cumulative power of discrimination of the panel also reflects that the panel could serve as a valuable tool for forensic individual identifications in Tibet Tibetan and Qinghai Tibetan groups. Population genetic analyses including principal component analysis, DA genetic distances, phylogenetic tree, and genetic structure reveal that two studied Tibetan groups have closer genetic affiliations with East Asian populations. Genetic differentiation analyses of two Han populations, Xinjiang Uyghur and two Tibetan groups reveal that some DIP loci might be informative for differentiating Uyghurs from the other populations.

8.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(1): 211-223, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768612

RESUMO

Hypocrellins, as natural pigments from Shiraia bambusicola, have extensive applications in the agricultural, cosmetic, food, and feed industries, and play a vital role in photodynamic therapy for anticancer and antiviral treatments. However, environmental stresses are always the bottlenecks for increasing hypocrellin yield during the process of fermentation. Pre-mRNA alternative splicing (AS) is an essential mechanism in the defense of abiotic stresses in the animal and plant kingdom, but is seldom involved in fungi. In this study, AS from genome-wide sequencing and RNA-seq data for S. bambusicola was analyzed for the first time. Interestingly, the proportion of AS in S. bambusicola was 38.44% (most of them participated in metabolic processes, covering pigmentation and response to stimulus), a much higher ratio than seen in that of other fungal species (1.3-18%). Here, we identified the relationship of AS and secondary metabolic (SM) biosynthesis under a series of abiotic stresses. Suitable fungicides suppressed hypocrellin production significantly, and AS occurred in key functional genes (sbFLO, sbMFS, sbPKS) of hypocrellin biosynthesis. In contrast, H2O2 improved the yield of hypocrellins, but AS were not found in the corresponding gene cluster. A further study showed that overexpressing an isoform of sbPKS (sbPKSa) in Shiraia bambusicola could dramatically down-regulate the expression of the original gene sbPKS and nearly inhibit the production of hypocrellins. Altogether, our study strongly supported the hypothesis that AS had a vital role in the regulation of hypocrellin biosynthesis under stresses, and initially explored whether SM functional genes were relevant for fungi.

9.
Biomacromolecules ; 21(1): 114-125, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549819

RESUMO

The advantageous biological properties of polysaccharides and precise stimuli-responsiveness of elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) are of great interest for the design of polysaccharide- and polypeptide-based amphiphilic block copolymers for biomedical applications. Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of a series of polysaccharide-block-ELP copolymers, containing two biocompatible and biodegradable blocks coupled via copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). The resulting bioconjugates are capable of self-assembling into well-defined nanoparticles in aqueous solution upon raising the solution temperature above a specific transition temperature (Tt)-a characteristic of the ELP moiety. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study where polysaccharides were combined with a stimuli-responsive ELP for the preparation of thermosensitive self-assemblies, providing insight into novel pathways for designing bioinspired stimuli-responsive self-assemblies for biomedical applications.

10.
Aging Cell ; 19(1): e13077, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762181

RESUMO

With the increasing aging population, aging-associated diseases are becoming epidemic worldwide, including aging-associated metabolic dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of microRNA miR-188 in the aging-associated metabolic phenotype. The results showed that the expression of miR-188 increased gradually in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT) of mice during aging. MiR-188 knockout mice were resistant to the aging-associated metabolic phenotype and had higher energy expenditure. Meanwhile, adipose tissue-specific miR-188 transgenic mice displayed the opposite phenotype. Mechanistically, we identified the thermogenic-related gene Prdm16 (encoding PR domain containing 16) as the direct target of miR-188. Notably, inhibition of miR-188 expression in BAT and iWAT of aged mice by tail vein injection of antagomiR-188 ameliorated aging-associated metabolic dysfunction significantly. Taken together, our findings suggested that miR-188 plays an important role in the regulation of the aging-associated metabolic phenotype, and targeting miR-188 could be an effective strategy to prevent aging-associated metabolic dysfunction.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109310, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710895

RESUMO

Currently, there is no effective method to prevent renal interstitial fibrosis after acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we established and screened a new renal interstitial fibrosis rat model after cisplatin-induced AKI. Our results indicated that rats injected with 4 mg/kg cisplatin once a week for two weeks after firstly administrated with 6.5 mg/kg loading dose of cisplatin could set up a more accurate model reflecting AKI progression to renal interstitial fibrosis. Then, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (hUCBMNCs) on renal tubular interstitial fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI. In rats injected with hUCBMNCs for four times, level of matrix metalloproteinase 7(MMP-7)in serum and urine, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, tubular pathological scores, the relative collagen area of the tubulointerstitial region, endoplasmic reticulum dilation and the mitochondrial ultrastructural damage were significantly improved. The level of reactive oxygen species, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), [NOD]-like pyrin domain containing protein 3 and cleaved-Caspase 3 in renal tissue decreased significantly. However, in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for two times, no significant difference was discovered in MMP-7 levels and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. Although expression of α-SMA and the percentage areas of collagen staining in tubulointerstitial tissues were ameliorated in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for two times, the effects were significantly weaker than those in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for four times. Taken together, our study constructed a highly efficient, duplicable novel rat model of renal fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI. Multiple injections of hUCBMNCs may prevent renal interstitial fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109662, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810124

RESUMO

Currently, there is no effective method to prevent renal interstitial fibrosis after acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we established and screened a new renal interstitial fibrosis rat model after cisplatin-induced AKI. Our results indicated that rats injected with 4 mg/kg cisplatin once a week for two weeks after firstly administrated with 6.5 mg/kg loading dose of cisplatin could set up a more accurate model reflecting AKI progression to renal interstitial fibrosis. Then, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (hUCBMNCs) on renal tubular interstitial fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI. In rats injected with hUCBMNCs for four times, level of matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) in serum and urine, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, tubular pathological scores, the relative collagen area of the tubulointerstitial region, endoplasmic reticulum dilation and the mitochondrial ultrastructural damage were significantly improved. The level of reactive oxygen species, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), [NOD]-like pyrin domain containing protein 3 and cleaved-Caspase 3 in renal tissue decreased significantly. However, in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for two times, no significant difference was discovered in MMP-7 levels and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. Although expression of α-SMA and the percentage areas of collagen staining in tubulointerstitial tissues were ameliorated in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for two times, the effects were significantly weaker than those in rats injected with hUCBMNCs for four times. Taken together, our study constructed a highly efficient, duplicable novel rat model of renal fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI. Multiple injections of hUCBMNCs may prevent renal interstitial fibrosis after cisplatin-induced AKI.

13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5480, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792204

RESUMO

Covalently linked π-stacked dimers represent the most significant platform for elucidating the relationship between molecular alignments and their properties. Here, we present the one-pot synthesis of two intramolecularly π-stacked dimers and disclose how intramolecular stacking modes dictate photoswitching properties. The dimer, which features cofacially stacked chromophores and geometrically favours intramolecular photochemical [2 + 2] cycloadditions, displays a nearly irreversible photoswitching behaviour. By contrast, the dimer, bearing crosswise stacked chromophores, is geometrically unfavourable for the cycloaddition and exhibits a highly reversible photoswitching process, in which the homolysis and reformation of carbon-carbon single bonds are involved. Moreover, the chiral carbon centres of both dimers endow these photoswitches with chirality and the separated enantiomers exhibit tuneable chiroptical properties by photoswitching. This work reveals that intramolecular stacking modes significantly influence the photochemical properties of π-stacked dimers and offers a design strategy toward chiral photoswitchable materials.

14.
Transl Oncol ; 13(2): 287-294, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874375

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has indicated that PDZ binding kinase (PBK) promotes proliferation, invasion, and therapeutic resistance in a variety of cancer types. However, the physiological function and therapy-resistant role of PBK in GBM remain underexplored. In this study, PBK was identified as one of the most therapy-resistant genes with significantly elevated expression level in GBM. Moreover, the high expression level of PBK was essential for GBM tumorigenesis and radio-resistance both in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, aberrant activation of PBK was correlated with poor clinical prognosis. In addition, inhibition of PBK dramatically enhanced the efficacy of radiation therapy in GBM cells. Mechanically, PBK-dependent transcriptional regulation of CCNB2 was critical for tumorigenesis and radio-resistance in GBM cells. Collectively, PBK promotes tumorigenesis and radio-resistance in GBM and may serve as a novel therapeutic target for GBM treatment.

15.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of ischemic myocardial cells apoptosis in rats following intervention with Xuefu Zhuyu Oral Liquid (, XFZY), as well as changes of protein expression of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and SIRT1 pathway-related genes. METHODS: H9c2 rat myocardial cells were divided into 6 groups: control group, oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) group, SIRT1 siRNA group, OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group, OGD+XFZY group, and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA+XFZY group. Quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the concentration variations of SIRT1 and its pathway-related genes and corresponding protein expression after XFZY intervention and SIRT1 transfection. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 were decreased obviously, while the mRNA and protein levels of P53, FoxO1, FoxO3, FoxO4 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-ΚB) were increased in the OGD group, SIRT1 siRNA group, and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group (P<0.01). Compared with the OGD group and OGD+SIRT1 siRNA group, the treatment of XFZY inhibited the decline in SIRT1 mRNA and protein expressions (P<0.01), and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of P53, FoxO1, FoxO3, FoxO4 and NF-ΚB, respectively (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: XFZY could prevent myocardial cells apoptosis probably by increasing the mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 and inhibiting the mRNA and protein expressions of P53, NF- K B, FoxO1, FoxO3 and FoxO4.

16.
Biochem Genet ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696339

RESUMO

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been widely employed as one tool for the studies of human migration and phylogenetic evolution owing to the characteristics of its lack of recombination and matrilineal inheritance. In this study, we analyze genetic distributions of 60 mtDNA markers in 126 unrelated individuals of Southern Shaanxi Han population and classify their haplogroups. Genetic distribution comparisons between Southern Shaanxi Han and other populations from different continents are conducted based on the same mtDNA markers. The majority of 60 mtDNA markers are polymorphic in Southern Shaanxi Han population. The most common haplogroups observed in Southern Shaanxi Han population are B5, followed by D5, A, D4e, and N9a1'3. Obtained matching probability for these 60 mtDNA markers indicates that the panel could be used as a valuable tool in forensic caseworks. Results of genetic distances (Fst) and multidimensional scaling analysis show that Southern Shaanxi Han population has relatively close genetic relationships with other Han populations in different regions. In conclusion, the panel comprising 60 mtDNA markers could be utilized for forensic applications in Southern Shaanxi Han population.

17.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(5): 4558-4566, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702021

RESUMO

Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is regulated by a variety of intracellular regulatory factors including osterix, runt­related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic proteins and transforming growth factorß. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRs) serve a crucial role in this process. In the present study, miR­483­3p levels were significantly increased during osteogenic differentiation of mouse and human BMSCs. Overexpression of miR­483­3p promoted osteogenic differentiation, whereas inhibition of miR­483­3p reversed these effects. miR­483­3p regulated osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by targeting STAT1, and thus enhancing RUNX2 transcriptional activity and RUNX2 nuclear translocation. In vivo, overexpression of miR­483­3p using a BMSC­specific aptamer delivery system stimulated bone formation in aged mice. Therefore, the present study suggested that miR­483­3p promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by targeting STAT1, and miR­483­3 prepresent a potential therapeutic target for age­related bone loss.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 150402, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702297

RESUMO

Entanglement and the wave function description are two of the core concepts that make quantum mechanics such a unique theory. A method to directly measure the wave function, using weak values, was demonstrated by Lundeen et al. [Nature 474, 188 (2011)]. However, it is not applicable to a scenario of two disjoint systems, where nonlocal entanglement can be a crucial element, since that requires obtaining weak values of nonlocal observables. Here, for the first time, we propose a method to directly measure a nonlocal wave function of a bipartite system, using modular values. The method is experimentally implemented for a photon pair in a hyperentangled state, i.e., entangled both in polarization and momentum degrees of freedom.

19.
J Inorg Biochem ; 203: 110905, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707333

RESUMO

Marbofloxacin (MB) is a newly developed veterinary drug with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. In this study, a new calcium(II)-based complex of marbofloxacin, MB-Ca, was synthesized and structurally characterized by IR, ESI-MS, UV-Vis and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The characterization of this complex in solution state indicated that the coordinated MB-Ca was partly retained, along with the monomeric and dimeric forms of MB. It also showed satisfactory water solubility (1.89 mg/mL), comparing with MB (2.82 mg/mL) at 35 °C. The in vitro antibacterial activity of MB-Ca was also screened towards a series of typical pathogenic bacteria, and determined by the methods of turbidimetry and disc diffusion. The results indicated it showed comparable antibacterial activity to MB. However, it exhibited higher inhibitive ability in vitro on DNA gyrase than MB alone. Furthermore, MB-Ca showed significantly lower acute toxicity (LD50, 3186 mg/kg) than MB (LD50, 1294 mg/kg) in mice, based on the in vivo acute toxicity test. The histopathological examination on the major organs of the mice by the oral administration of MB-Ca did not show obvious organic lesions, which is similar to those treated by MB. The research results suggest that MB-Ca could be further developed into a new promising metal-based veterinary drug and a better substitute of MB, showing unabated antibacterial activity along with lower toxicity.

20.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 3021-3028, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692523

RESUMO

Background: Neolaxiflorin B is derived from ent-kaurane like laxiflorin J and eriocalyxin B with a relatively low potency as an antitumor agent. During preliminary structure-activity relationship studies, the α,ß-unsaturated ketone (enone) system is an important active group. Methods: Seven neolaxiflorin B derivatives containing α,ß-unsaturated ketone moieties were synthesized. In vitro, activity was evaluated against three human tumor cell lines and a rat myogenic cell line (HepG2, NSCLC-H292, SNU-1040, and L6, respectively) by MTT assay. Results: Compound 15 appeared a promising antitumor lead due to its cytotoxic potency and relatively high selectivity, with an SI value of 13.14. Flow cytometry analysis was conducted to show that NSCLC-H292 cells were blocked in the G0/G1 phase in the presence of compound 15, thus inhibiting the proliferation of tumor cells. Conclusion: This study has revealed that compound 15 is a promising antitumor lead due to the cytotoxic potencies and the high selectivity it displayed when compared to natural counterparts.

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