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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2219, 2021 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833227

RESUMO

1,2-Dihydropyridines are valuable and reactive synthons, and particularly useful precursors to synthesize piperidines and pyridines that are among the most common structural components of pharmaceuticals. However, the catalytic enantioselective synthesis of structurally diverse 1,2-dihydropyridines is limited to enantioselective addition of nucleophiles to activated pyridines. Here, we report a modular organocatalytic Mannich/Wittig/cycloisomerization sequence as a flexible strategy to access chiral 1,2-dihydropyridines from N-Boc aldimines, aldehydes, and phosphoranes, using a chiral amine catalyst. The key step in this protocol, cycloisomerization of chiral N-Boc δ-amino α,ß-unsaturated ketones recycles the waste to improve the yield. Specifically, recycling by-product water from imine formation to gradually release the true catalyst HCl via hydrolysis of SiCl4, whilst maintaining a low concentration of HCl to suppress side reactions, and reusing waste Ph3PO from the Wittig step to modulate the acidity of HCl. This approach allows facile access to enantioenriched 2-substituted, 2,3- or 2,6-cis-disubstituted, and 2,3,6-cis-trisubstituted piperidines.

2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 611583, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834014

RESUMO

The Chinese government stresses healthcare reform to improve the health of all residents in urban and rural areas. However, much research showed that inequities still existed in health status and health services utilization in China, especially in economically disadvantaged areas. Southwest China's Yunnan Province is an ethnic frontier region with lagging economic development. This study analyzed health equity among rural residents with various socio-economic and demographic statuses in Yunnan Province. Research on this area concerns rural residents. Our study was based on a household study sample consisting of 27,395 participants from six counties in Yunnan. For all participants, data on demographic and socio-economic characteristics, and health status were collected. The chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze factors influencing health. The concentration index was used to evaluate health equity. For all respondents, the 2-week prevalence, the prevalence of chronic diseases, and the required hospitalization rate were 7.3, 12.8, and 9.2%, respectively. After adjusting the age proportion of the sixth population census of Yunnan Province, the 2-week prevalence was 7.1%, the prevalence of chronic disease was 10.7%, and the hospitalization rate was 8.4%. The concentration indexes (CIs) reflecting health equity among the respondents with different incomes and educational levels were negative. There was health inequity among respondents with different incomes and educational levels. The respondents with lower incomes and educational levels had worse health. The common influencing factors included gender, age, ethnicity, occupation, marriage status, and the number of family members. Females, the aged, ethnic minorities, farmers, and the divorced or widowed had worse health status than the control groups. Larger numbers of family members correlated with better health. The respondents with lower incomes or educational levels had higher chronic disease prevalences. The associations between the 2-week prevalence, required hospitalization rate, and age were U-shaped; the lowest age group and the highest age group had higher rates. In conclusion, more attention should be paid to females, the aged, ethnic minorities, farmers, the divorced or widowed, residents with low income and low educational level, and those with chronic diseases.

3.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847133

RESUMO

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Accumulating researches have highlighted the ability of exosome-encapsulated microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) as potential circulating biomarkers for lung cancer. The current study aimed to evaluate the significance of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-derived exosomal miR-204 in the invasion, migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of NSCLC cells. Initially, the expression of miR-204 in human NSCLC tissues and cells was determined by RT-qPCR, which demonstrated that miR-204 was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells. Next, Krüppel-like factor 7 (KLF7) was predicted and validated to be a target of miR-204 using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. NSCLC A549 cells were treated with MSCs-derived exosomes, after which the migration and invasion of A549 cells were detected and expression of EMT-related proteins (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin), KLF7, p-AKT/AKT, and HIF-1α were measured. The results of gain- and loss-of-function assays revealed that miR-204 overexpression in MSCs-derived exosomes inhibited KLF7 expression and the AKT/HIF-1α pathway activity, resulting in impaired cell migration, invasion, as well as EMT. In conclusion, the key findings of the current study demonstrate that exosomal miR-204 from MSCs possesses anticarcinogenic properties against NSCLC via the KLF7/AKT/HIF-1α axis.

4.
Schizophr Res ; 231: 115-121, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The corpus callosum (CC) is known to be altered in patients with schizophrenia. However, its morphologic characteristics are less well studied in treatment-naive first-episode schizophrenia patients, as is the effect of antipsychotic treatment on this structure. METHODS: T-1 weighted MRI scans were obtained from 160 antipsychotic-naïve first-episode schizophrenia patients (AN-FES) and 155 healthy controls (HCs) before treatment initiation. Among the patients, forty-four were available for follow-up studies after one year of antipsychotic treatment, and were divided into good-outcome (n = 31) and poor-outcome subgroups (n = 13) based on whether there was a 50% reduction in Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total scores from baseline. A computer algorithm was applied to automatically identify the mid-sagittal plane (MSP) and obtain morphological measurement parameters of the CC. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, AN-FES patients showed a significant reduction of thickness in the posterior midbody of the CC. This deficit was correlated with severity of negative symptoms. After one year of antipsychotic treatment, there was no significant change in CC morphological measurements in schizophrenia patients, nor was there a significant difference of CC morphological measurements between good-outcome and poor-outcome subgroups at baseline or at 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Thickness of the posterior midbody of the CC is reduced in the early course of schizophrenia before treatment. This alteration was not affected by antipsychotic treatment and was unrelated to treatment outcome at 1-year.

5.
Behav Brain Res ; 406: 113240, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727046

RESUMO

Resilience is the capacity to maintain normal psychological and physical functions in the face of stress and adversity. Understanding how one can develop and enhance resilience is of great relevance to not only promoting coping mechanisms but also mitigating maladaptive stress responses in psychiatric illnesses such as depression. Preclinical studies suggest that GABA(B) receptors (GABA(B1) and GABA(B2)) are potential targets for the treatment of major depression. In this study, we assessed the functional role of GABA(B) receptors in stress resilience and vulnerability by using a chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) model in mice. As the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays a key role in the top-down modulation of stress responses, we focused our study on this brain structure. Our results showed that only approximately 41.9% of subjects exhibited anxiety- or despair-like behaviors after exposure to CUS. The vulnerable mice showed higher c-Fos expression in the infralimbic cortex (IL) subregion of the mPFC when exposed to a social stressor. Moreover, the expression of GABA(B1) but not GABA(B2) receptors was significantly downregulated in IL subregion of susceptible mice. Finally, we found that intra-IL administration of baclofen, a GABA(B) receptor agonist, rapidly relieved the social avoidance symptoms of the "stress-susceptible" mice. Taken together, our results show that the GABA(B1) receptor within the IL may play an important role in stress resilience and vulnerability, and thus open an avenue to develop novel, personalized approaches to promote stress resilience and treat stress-related psychiatric disorders.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 5182-5190, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779171

RESUMO

Applying metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) on the surface of other materials to form multifunctional materials has recently attracted great attention; however, directing the MOF overgrowth is challenging due to the orders of magnitude differences in structural dimensions. In this work, we developed a universal strategy to mediate MOF growth on the surface of metal nanoparticles (NPs), by taking advantage of the dynamic nature of weakly adsorbed capping agents. During this colloidal process, the capping agents gradually dissociate from the metal surface, replaced in situ by the MOF. The MOF grows to generate a well-defined NP-MOF interface without a trapped capping agent, resulting in a uniform core-shell structure of one NP encapsulated in one single-crystalline MOF nanocrystal with specific facet alignment. The concept was demonstrated by coating ZIF-8 and UiO-66-type MOFs on shaped metal NPs capped by cetyltrimethylammonium surfactants, and the formation of the well-defined NP-MOF interface was monitored by spectroscopies. The defined interface outperforms ill-defined ones generated via conventional methods, displaying a high selectivity to unsaturated alcohols for the hydrogenation of an α,ß-unsaturated aldehyde. This strategy opens a new route to create aligned interfaces between materials with vastly different structural dimensions.

7.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(5): e10000, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729386

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effect of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase on clinical efficacy, inflammatory factors, and neurological function in patients with acute cerebral infarction. A total of 120 patients with acute cerebral infarction were divided into two groups by the random number table method, with 60 patients in each group: observation group (intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase) and control group (intravenous thrombolysis with batroxobin). The clinical efficacy after a 14-day treatment was observed. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), CD62p, GMP-140, and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were measured. Scores of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were determined. The total effective rate in the observation group was 81.67%, which was higher than the 61.67% in the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of inflammatory factors (CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, CD62p, GMP-140, and NSE), NIHSS, MMSE, and MoCA in the observation group was superior to that in the control group (all P<0.05). The modified Rankin scale at three months after hospital discharge in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for acute cerebral infarction can enhance the clinical efficacy, alleviate inflammatory response and brain injury, and improve cognitive function, which is worthy of further clinical application and study.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 39: 127915, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691166

RESUMO

A total of 106 marine microbial metabolites were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against human lung cancer cells. Results showed that 23 compounds exhibited activity in inhibiting the proliferation of A549 and H157 cells with IC50 values ranging from 1.5 to 48.2 µM. Pyrrospirone F, chrysophanol, physcion, and purpuride G are the four most active compounds with IC50 values of 1.5-7.3 µM. Further investigation of purpuride G (a newly discovered sesquiterpene lactone) demonstrated its potent antiproliferative activity against six different lung cancer cells of A549, H157, H460, H1299, H1703, and PC9 with IC50 values of 2.1-3.3 µM. The antiproliferative activity of purpuride G against cancer cells is related to block cell cycle, induce apoptosis through regulating the apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bax, and inhibit glycolysis by downregulating two key glycolytic enzymes of hexokinase 2 and pyruvate kinase M2.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1205-1210, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787116

RESUMO

To explore the effect of Baihe Dihuang Decoction on the synaptic plasticity of hippocampal neurons in rats with anxious depression. Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, venlafaxine group(6.75 mg·kg~(-1)), high-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction group(8.64 g·kg~(-1)) and low-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction group(4.32 g·kg~(-1)). Chronic restraint stress(6 h) combined with corticosterone(ih, 30 mg·kg~(-1)) was used to establish an anxious depression model, and 7 days after modeling, the administration started and continued for 21 days. The anxiety and depression-like behaviors of the rats were evaluated. Golgi-Cox staining and electron microscopy were used to observe the morphology and ultrastructural changes of synaptic dendrites. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of hippocampal synaptic plasticity protein synapsin-1 and postsynaptic density protein 95(PSD-95). Western blot method was used to detect the expression of functional protein synaptophysin(SYP) and synaptic Ras GTPase activating protein(SynGap). The results showed that the rats in the model group had obvious anxiety and depression-like behaviors, the hip-pocampal dendritic spine density and branch length were reduced, the number of synapses was cut, and the internal structure was da-maged. The average fluorescence intensity of synapsin-1 and PSD-95 was significantly reduced and the expression of SYP and SynGap also decreased. High-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction could significantly improve the anxiety and depression-like behaviors of model rats, relieve synaptic damage, and increase the expression of synapsin-1, PSD-95, SYP, and SynGap proteins. Therefore, we believe that Baihe Dihuang Decoction can improve anxiety and depression behaviors by regulating the synaptic plasticity of hippocampal neurons.


Assuntos
Depressão , Plasticidade Neuronal , Animais , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sinapses
10.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The acute changes in brain function in newborn infants undergoing ET remain unclear. This study aimed to determine whether fully automated simultaneous peripheral arteriovenous ET would influence the brain function. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 39 neonates with hyperbilirubinemia who received ET. Seventeen patients were in the encephalopathy group, and the other 22 patients were in the non-encephalopathy group. Changes in amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) during ETs were analyzed, including background activities, sleep-wake cycling (SWC), and seizures. Before and after the ET, routine blood test parameters, electrolytes, blood glucose, and blood gas parameters were measured. RESULTS: After ETs, there were no significant changes in the levels of pH, PaO2, PaCO2, lactate, and red blood cells, while the levels of total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, blood potassium, blood sodium, serum calcium, while blood cells, and platelets were significantly lower and the level of blood glucose was significantly higher compared to those before therapy. There was no significant difference in the changes of electroencephalographic activities during ETs, including background activities, SWC, and seizures. However, there were significant differences in suppressions on background activities, while there were no significant statistical differences in SWC or seizures between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Fully automated simultaneous peripheral arteriovenous ET is safe and efficient without significant influence on the disorder of the internal environment and electroencephalographic activities after ET in neonates. However, background activities are more significantly depressed in infants of bilirubin encephalopathy than infants of non-encephalopathy during ET.

11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 630526, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33746902

RESUMO

Objective: Catch-up growth (CUG) in small for gestational age (SGA) leads to increased risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases in adults. It remains unclear if microbiota could play an important role in CUG-SGA independent of genetic or nutritional factors. The present study explored the role of gut microbiota in, and its association with, metabolic disorders during CUG-SGA. Methods: An SGA rat model was established by restricting food intake during pregnancy, and the rats were divided into catch-up growth (CUG-SGA) and non-catch-up growth (NCUG-SGA) groups based on body weight and length at the fourth postnatal week. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA was conducted to detect the diversity and composition of the gut microbiota. Fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Transcriptome sequencing of liver tissue was performed and verified using real-time PCR. Concentrations of insulin and total cholesterol were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The composition of gut microbiota in CUG-SGA rats differed from that of NCUG-SGA rats, with reduced abundance of Lactobacillus in the CUG-SGA group. The decrease in Lactobacillus was significantly associated with increased body weight and upregulated insulin and total cholesterol levels. Five SCFAs and two branched chain fatty acids were significantly higher in the CUG-SGA group than in the NCUG-SGA group. Additionally, SCFAs were positively associated with clinical indices such as weight, body mass index, insulin, and total cholesterol. Transcriptomic data revealed that insulin-like growth factor-2 expression was significantly decreased in CUG-SGA rats and was associated with a decrease in Lactobacillus bacteria. Conclusion: Lactobacillus and SCFAs were associated with the metabolic disorders during CUG in SGA. Gut microbiome may play a certain role on metabolic disorders during catch-up growth in small-for-gestational-age.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669014

RESUMO

The formation of the water rights trading price is an important part of the water rights trading system. In order to continuously and dynamically reflect the social-economic development changes and water resource scarcity, herein, we discuss the dynamic adjustment of the water rights trading price from the perspective of water resource scarcity value analysis. First, we constructed the water resource scarcity evaluation index system from the four dimensions of the water resource natural endowment, the water resource supply, the water resource demand, and the water environment, and then we constructed the water resource scarcity index calculation model of the transferor, the transferee, and the comprehensive water resource scarcity index calculation model of both parties of the trading. Second, by analyzing the 30 comparable water rights trading cases in China since 2016, we established the response function of the water rights trading price to the water resource scarcity index, and then we analyzed the impact mechanism of the water resource scarcity index on the water rights trading price. Third, based on the two factors of "the water resource scarcity value" and "the capital time value," we constructed a dynamic price adjustment model of water rights trading for different adjustment factors, so as to adjust the water rights trading price scientifically. Finally, we took the water rights trading in Helan County (Helan) of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Ningxia) as an example. The research shows that: (1) During the trading period of water rights in Helan, the water resource scarcity index rises, and the water rights trading price should be increased year-by-year. Additionally, there are certain differences in the water rights trading price changes with the adjustment of different elements. Among them, considering the adjustment of "the water resource scarcity value" element, the water rights trading price of Helan should be increased from 1.0940 to 2.8574 CNY/m³ during the water rights trading period; (2) there are differences in the water rights trading cost under different payment modes, among which the annual payment mode increased the most, i.e., from 2.7350 × 108 to 7.4500 × 108 CNY. This study suggests exerting a regulating effect of the water scarcity value on the water rights trading price, so as to promote the construction of a more equitable and long-term water rights trading market.

13.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; : 4867421998774, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Olfactory deficits have been reported in bipolar disorder, but this finding is controversial. This study investigated whether olfactory deficit can serve as a specific marker for bipolar disorder by comparing olfactory function in different mood episodes of bipolar disorder. We also compared olfactory function in bipolar disorder and other mental disorders - namely, major depressive disorder and schizophrenia. METHODS: The study consisted of two experiments. Experiment 1 enrolled 175 bipolar disorder patients (70 depressed subgroup, 70 manic subgroup and 35 euthymic subgroup) and 47 controls. Experiment 2 enrolled the participants from Experiment 1, along with 85 major depressive disorder and 90 schizophrenia patients. The Sniffin' Sticks test was used to evaluate odour identification ability and odour threshold (as a measure of odour sensitivity). The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Young Mania Rating Scale were used to assess depressive symptoms in all subjects and manic symptoms in bipolar disorder patients, respectively. We also used the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale to assess clinical symptoms in schizophrenia patients. RESULTS: All three bipolar disorder patient subgroups (depressed, manic and euthymic subgroup) showed reduced odour identification ability compared to controls; however, only patients in the acute phase of a mood episode (depressed, and manic subgroup) showed impaired odour sensitivity. Clinical symptoms were negatively correlated with odour sensitivity but not odour identification ability. Bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder patients showed less odour identification and sensitivity impairment than schizophrenia patients. CONCLUSION: Odour sensitivity is a potential dopaminergic marker for distinguishing between bipolar disorder patients in acute phase vs remission, while odour identification is a trait but a nonspecific marker of bipolar disorder.

14.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 172: 104756, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518048

RESUMO

Boric acid, a well-established chemical insecticide, has a good control effect on various types of cockroaches. In this study, we investigated the oral virulence effect of boric acid on German cockroach (Blattella germanica) of various instars and characterized its effect on the gut microbiota by high-throughput sequencing technology. The results of an oral toxicity test showed that the toxicity of boric acid was positively correlated with its concentration and negatively correlated with the instar of cockroach nymphs. The 1-3 instar nymphs showed the strongest sensitivity to boric acid, which exhibited a median lethal time of only 3.16 d, while the 6-7 instar nymphs showed the weakest sensitivity, and exhibited a median lethal time of 10.15 d. There was no significant difference between male and female insects regarding their sensitivity to boric acid. Oral treatment of boric acid resulted in severe dysbiosis in cockroaches, the relative abundances of Bacteroides, which can degrade a variety of complex macromolecules, and Enterococcus, which can inhibit pathogenic microorganisms, were significantly reduced, while the relative abundance of the opportunistic pathogenic bacterium Weissella was significantly increased. It was speculated that dysbiosis of gut microbiota might accelerate the toxicity of boric acid on German cockroaches.


Assuntos
Blattellidae , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Inseticidas , Animais , Ácidos Bóricos/toxicidade , Baratas , Disbiose , Feminino , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Masculino
15.
J Neurol ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of intensive statin in the acute phase of ischemic stroke after intravenous thrombolysis therapy. METHODS: A total of 310 stroke patients treated with rt-PA were randomly scheduled into the intensive statin group (rosuvastatin 20 mg daily × 14 days) and the control group (rosuvastatin 5 mg daily × 14 days). The primary clinical endpoint was excellent functional outcome (mRS ≤ 1) at 3 months, and the primary safety endpoint was symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) in 90 days. RESULTS: The intensive statin users did not achieve a favorable outcome in excellent functional outcome (mRS ≤ 1) at 3 months compared with controls (70.3% vs. 66.5%, p = 0.464). Intensive statin also not significantly improved the overall distribution of scores on the modified Rankin scale, as compared with controls (p = 0.82 by the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test). The incidence of primary safety endpoint events (sICH) in 90 days did not significantly differ between the intensive statin group and control group (0.6% vs. 1.3%, p > 0.999). CONCLUSION: The INSPIRE study indicated that intensive statin therapy may not improve clinical outcomes compared with the low dose of statin therapy in AIS patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis, and the two groups had similar safety profile. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.chictr.org . Unique identifier: ChiCTR-IPR-16008642.

16.
Physiol Behav ; 230: 113311, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412189

RESUMO

Resilience means "the ability to withstand or recover quickly in the face of adversity". Elucidating the neural and molecular mechanisms underlying stress resilience will facilitate the development of more effective treatments for stress-induced psychiatric disorders such as depression. The habenular nuclei, which consist of the medial and lateral sub-regions (MHb and LHb, respectively), have been described as a critical node in emotional regulations. GABA(B) receptors play an important regulatory role in habenular activity. In this study, we assessed the functional role of GABA(B) receptors within the habenula in stress resilience and vulnerability by using chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model in C57BL/6 male mice. Approximately 47.1% of mice exhibited depression- or anxiety-like behaviors after exposure to CSDS. The vulnerable mice presented elevated c-Fos expression in the LHb when confronted with an attacker. On the other hand, the expression of GABA(B) receptors, including both GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) subunits, was significantly down-regulated in the LHb of the susceptible mice. Finally, we found the stress-induced social withdrawal symptoms could be rapidly relieved by intra-LHb injection of both baclofen and CGP36216 (a GABA(B) receptor agonist and antagonist respectively). The above results indicated that GABA(B) receptors in the LHb may play an important role in stress resilience and vulnerability, and thus, may be an important therapeutic target for treatments of stress-induced psychiatric disorders.

17.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 56(4): 629-641, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492695

RESUMO

The microenvironment in the seminiferous tubules of buffalo changes with age, which affects the self-renewal and growth of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and the process of spermatogenesis, but the mechanism remains to be elucidated. RNA-seq was performed to compare the transcript profiles of pre-pubertal buffalo (PUB) and adult buffalo (ADU) seminiferous tubules. In total, 17,299 genes from PUB and ADU seminiferous tubules identified through RNA-seq, among which 12,271 were expressed in PUB and ADU seminiferous tubules, 4,027 were expressed in only ADU seminiferous tubules, and 956 were expressed in only PUB seminiferous tubules. Of the 17,299 genes, we identified 13,714 genes that had significant differences in expression levels between PUB and ADU through GO enrichment analysis. Among these genes, 5,342 were significantly upregulated and possibly related to the formation or identity of the surface antigen on SSCs during self-renewal; 7,832 genes were significantly downregulated, indicating that genes in PUB seminiferous tubules do not participate in the biological processes of sperm differentiation or formation in this phase compared with those in ADU seminiferous tubules. Subsequently, through the combination with KEGG analysis, we detected enrichment in a number of genes related to the development of spermatogonial stem cells, providing a reference for study of the development mechanism of buffalo spermatogonial stem cells in the future. In conclusion, our data provide detailed information on the mRNA transcriptomes in PUB and ADU seminiferous tubules, revealing the crucial factors involved in maintaining the microenvironment and providing a reference for further in vitro cultivation of SSCs.

18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(14): 17636-17647, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400121

RESUMO

In this work, copper hexacyanocobaltate was electro-deposited at amino-graphene-coated indium-tin-oxide glass to form multifunctional heterogeneous catalyst (CuCoG/ITO), which was confirmed by field emission scanning microscope, infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction, and electro-chemistry techniques. A novel heterogeneous photo-electro-Fenton-like system was established using CuCoG/ITO as an air-diffusion electrode, in which hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radical (•OH) could be simultaneously generated by air O2 reduction. The productive rate of •OH could reached to 70.5 µmol h-1 at - 0.8 V with 300 W visible light irradiation at pH 7.0, 0.1 M PBS. Levofloxacin could be quickly degraded at CuCoG/ITO during heterogeneous photo-electro-Fenton process in neutral media with a first-order kinetic constant of 0.49 h-1.


Assuntos
Grafite , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Catálise , Cobre , Eletrodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Levofloxacino , Oxirredução , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(1): 92-106, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IO-IBD) occurs in very young children and causes severe clinical manifestations, which has poor responses to traditional inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatments. At present, there are no simple and reliable laboratory indicators for early screening IO-IBD patients, especially those in whom the disease is caused by monogenic diseases. AIM: To search for valuable indicators for early identifying IO-IBD patients, especially those in whom the disease is caused by monogenic diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in 73 patients with IO-IBD admitted to our hospital in the past 5 years. Based on the next-generation sequencing results, they were divided into a monogenic IBD group (M-IBD) and a non-monogenic IBD group (NM-IBD). Forty age-matched patients with allergic proctocolitis (AP) were included in a control group. The clinical manifestations and the inflammatory factors in peripheral blood were evaluated. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were used to identify the screening factors and cut-off values of IO-IBD as well as monogenic IO-IBD, respectively. RESULTS: Among the 44 M-IBD patients, 35 carried IL-10RA mutations, and the most common mutations were c.301C>T (p.R101W, 30/70) and the c.537G>A (p.T179T, 17/70). Patients with higher serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α value were more likely to have IBD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.25, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-1.50, P = 0.013], while higher serum albumin level was associated with lower risk of IBD (OR = 0.86, 95%CI: 0.74-1.00, P = 0.048). The cut-off values of TNF-α and albumin were 17.40 pg/mL (sensitivity: 0.78; specificity: 0.88) and 36.50 g/L (sensitivity: 0.80; specificity: 0.90), respectively. The increased ferritin level was indicative of a genetic mutation in IO-IBD patients. Its cut-off value was 28.20 ng/mL (sensitivity: 0.93; specificity: 0.92). When interleukin (IL)-10 level was higher than 33.05 pg/mL (sensitivity: 1.00; specificity: 0.84), or the onset age was earlier than 0.21 mo (sensitivity: 0.82; specificity: 0.94), the presence of disease-causing mutations in IL-10RA in IO-IBD patients was strongly suggested. CONCLUSION: Serum TNF-α and albumin level could differentiate IO-IBD patients from allergic proctocolitis patients, and serum ferritin and IL-10 levels are useful indicators for early diagnosing monogenic IO-IBD.

20.
Yi Chuan ; 43(1): 52-65, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509774

RESUMO

Male sterility refers to the phenomenon that stamens cannot grow normally and produce viable pollen grains in plants. Hybrid seed production by taking advantage of the trait of male sterility is an effective and quick strategy to increase crop yield. Up to date, the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.), maize (Zea mays L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and other crops has been greatly increased based on hybrid vigor utilization. Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is a self-pollination species, artificial emasculation is not only time-consuming, but also labor-intensive and economically impracticable. So far, large scale hybrid breeding has not been performed in soybean due to the shortage of male sterile lines suitable for hybrid production. Therefore, it is urgent to identify a stable male sterile system for the rapid utilization of heterosis in soybean. In this review, we summarize the progress on the discovery of soybean genic male sterility (GMS) mutants and GMS genes. Combining with the investigation of GMS genes in Arabidopsis, rice and maize, we provide important insights into the identification and potential utilization of GMS genes in soybean in the perspective of reverse genetics.


Assuntos
Vigor Híbrido , Melhoramento Vegetal , Infertilidade das Plantas/genética , Soja/genética , Genética Reversa
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