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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 11-21, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049325

RESUMO

Piezoelectricity as a physical property has received great attention due to its excellently functional applications, especially in piezoelectric catalysis and mechanical energy harvesting. To take full advantage of the functions of piezoelectric materials, (K0.5Na0.5)0.94Li0.06NbO3 (KNN6L) piezoelectric powders were compounded with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) in this work. The developed KNN6L-PDMS porous piezoelectric composites with flexible and recyclable characteristics could achieve âˆ¼ 91% degradation rate of Rhodamine B (RhB) dye wastewater under mechanical vibration, and the outstanding piezocatalytic activity was still maintained after repeated decomposition multiple times. Besides, the relationship between piezoelectric potential and piezocatalysis was validated by COMSOL simulations. The content of piezoelectric powders played a positive effect on the magnitude of piezoelectric potential generated by the KNN6L-PDMS porous composites. Moreover, the catalytic mechanism was found to be originated by generation of various reactive oxygen species (mainly •O2- and •OH) in water environment as a result of strong piezoelectric effect by the porous composites. The porous piezoelectric composites with flexible and recyclable characteristics exhibited excellent performance in piezoelectric catalysis which has promising applications in the field of environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Sódio , Águas Residuárias , Porosidade , Pós , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Íons , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Água
2.
Water Res ; 228(Pt A): 119359, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423548

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in drinking water sources suggest the possible presence of resistant microorganisms that jeopardize human health. However, explanations for the presence of specific ARGs in situ are largely unknown, especially how their prevalence is affected by local microbial ecology, taxa assembly and community-wide gene transfer. Here, we characterized resistomes and bacterial communities in the Taipu River catchment, which feeds a key drinking water reservoir to a global megacity, Shanghai. Overall, ARG abundances decreased significantly as the river flowed downstream towards the reservoir (P < 0.01), whereas the waterborne bacteria assembled deterministically (|ßNRI| > 2.0) as a function of temperature and dissolved oxygen conditions with the assembly-dominant taxa (e.g. Ilumatobacteraceae and Cyanobiaceae) defining local resistomes (P < 0.01, Cohen's D = 4.22). Bacterial hosts of intragenomic ARGs stayed at the same level across the catchment (60 ∼ 70 genome copies per million reads). Among them, the putative resistant pathogens (e.g. Burkholderiaceae) carried mixtures of ARGs that exhibited high transmission probability (transfer counts = 126, P < 0.001), especially with the microbial assembly-dominant taxa. These putative resistant pathogens had densities ranging form 3.0 to 4.0 × 106 cell/L, which was more pronouncedly affected by resistome and microbial assembly structures than environmental factors (SEM, std-coeff ß = 0.62 vs. 0.12). This work shows that microbial assembly and resistant pathogens play predominant roles in prevelance and dissemination of resistomes in receiving water, which deserves greater attention in devisng control strategies for reducing in-situ ARGs and resistant strains in a catchment.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Humanos , China , Abastecimento de Água , Bactérias/genética , Antibacterianos
3.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111966, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461216

RESUMO

Loquat fruit is vulnerable to chilling injury (CI) under long-term low temperature storage. The application of calciumchloride (CaCl2) can alleviate CI in loquat fruit, however, the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, the loquat fruit were immersed in 1 % CaCl2 solution for 10 min and then stored at 1 ± 1 ℃ for 35 d. The results showed that CaCl2 treatment suppressed the increases in internal browning index, electrolyte leakage, and malonaldehyde content in loquat fruit under chilling stress. The internal browning index in CaCl2-treated loquat fruit was 33.34 % lower than that in the control at the end of storage. Meanwhile, CaCl2 treatment delayed the phospholipids degradation, and retained high level of unsaturated/saturated fatty acid ratio, which was 15.21 % higher than that in the control fruit at the end of storage. The CaCl2 treatment also decreased the enzymatic activities and gene expressions of phospholipase D (PLD), phospholipase C (PLC), and lipoxygenase (LOX) in loquat fruit during cold storage. Moreover, a calmodulin-binding transcription activator (CAMTA) transcription factor (TF), EjCAMTA5, was cloned from loquat fruit. The EjCAMTA5 expression was up-regulated by cold stress and CaCl2 treatment. Further investigation revealed that EjCAMTA5 directly bound to the promoters of EjPLC6-like and EjLOX5 to repress their transcription. Taken together, these findings implied that CaCl2 application could activate the EjCAMTA5-mediated transcriptional repression of EjPLC6-like and EjLOX5 genes, which contributed to delaying the degradation of membrane lipid and maintaining the integrity of cell membrane, thereby inhibiting the occurrence of browning in loquat fruit under chilling stress.


Assuntos
Eriobotrya , Eriobotrya/genética , Cloreto de Cálcio/farmacologia , Frutas , Expressão Gênica , Lipídeos de Membrana , Fatores de Transcrição
4.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 981006, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330371

RESUMO

Pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) is a rare acute catastrophic event with high mortality among neonates, especially preterm infants. Primary treatments included pulmonary surfactant, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, epinephrine, coagulopathy management, and intermittent positive pressure ventilation. However, there are still challenges in diagnosing and treating refractory or focal pulmonary hemorrhages. Ultra-slim bronchoscopy has been widely used in the field of critically ill children and is increasingly being done in neonates with critical respiratory disease in recent years. In this study, we report a case with refractory pulmonary hemorrhage in premature infants, which was finally diagnosed as localized hemorrhage in the upper left lobe and cured by ultra-slim bronchoscopy-guided topical hemostatic drug administration. Bronchoscopy is an optional, safe, and practicable technique for early diagnosis and direct injection therapy of neonatal PH in managing life-threatening PH.

5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 440, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) is a rare complication of von Hipple-Lindau (VHL) disease. This report presents the first case of VHL disease complicated with CRVO caused by VHL c.208G > A mutation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20 s man whose left eye visual acuity gradually declined for half a year. The visual acuity of the left eye is counting fingers. Fundus examination revealed that retinal hemangioblastoma was also found in addition to typical CRVO signs such as tortuous expansion of retinal veins and flame-shaped hemorrhage of the retina. Liver tumor, cerebral infarction and erythrocytosis were found during systemic examination, and the diagnosis of polycythemia was confirmed by bone marrow smear. Furthermore, both family history and genetic analysis indicated that the patient had VHL disease caused by VHL c.208G > A. In this patient, a large number of bone marrow erythrocytes proliferated due to VHL disease, which led to the increase of blood viscosity and erythrocyte vascular adhesion, resulting in the obstruction of central retinal vein blood flow, and finally CRVO. For CRVO and its pathogenic factor polycythemia, patient received laser retinal photocoagulation and phlebotomies. After a 1-year follow-up, the vision in the left eye improved to 0.2 logMAR. CONCLUSIONS: This is a rare case of polycythemia complicated by CRVO in patient with VHL disease. It reminds us that the systemic disease factors should be fully considered in the diagnosis of young patients with CRVO, and that treatment requires a coordinated effort of physicians.


Assuntos
Policitemia , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana , Veia Retiniana , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau , Masculino , Humanos , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/complicações , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/diagnóstico , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/complicações , Policitemia/complicações , Policitemia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Retiniana/etiologia , Hemorragia Retiniana/complicações
6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160292, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414049

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is widely used in aquatic systems to control the environmental fate of As. However, similar to the behavior of As, Sb mobilization driven by DOM is poorly understood. A total of 25 samples were collected from shallow groundwater in the Xikuangshan mine to compare the spectroscopic characteristics and chemical properties of DOM between high- and low-Sb groundwater and to determine the roles of DOM in Sb mobility. The concentrations of Sb and DOM varied from 0.003 to 18.402 mg/L (mean: 3.407 mg/L) and 0.38 to 9.90 mg/L (mean: 2.49 mg/L), respectively. The DOM of the D3x4 water was primarily dominated by terrestrial and microbial humic-like and fulvic acid substances, with a relatively small contribution of tryptophan-like components. Complexing agents, competitive adsorption, and photopromoted oxidation under sunlight were considered as the formation mechanisms for DOM-controlled Sb(V)-dominated Sb species in D3x4 water. The weakly alkaline and oxidizing conditions, and the presence of Fe hydroxides facilitated the promotion of Sb(V) concentration. The findings of this study further enhance our understanding of the Sb migration mechanism in oxic groundwater.

7.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36290918

RESUMO

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is widely-known as the most commonly used protein biomarker for liver cancer diagnosis at the early stage. Therefore, developing the highly sensitive and reliable method of AFP detection is of essential demand for practical applications. Herein, two types of aptamer-based AFP detection methods, i.e., optical and electrochemical biosensors, are reviewed in detail. The optical biosensors include Raman spectroscopy, dual-polarization interferometry, resonance light-scattering, fluorescence, and chemiluminescence. The electrochemical biosensors include cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and giant magnetic impedance. Looking into the future, methods for AFP detection that are high sensitivity, long-term stability, low cost, and operation convenience will continue to be developed.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , alfa-Fetoproteínas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química
8.
Front Public Health ; 10: 939095, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311632

RESUMO

Background: Chest computerized tomography (CT) plays an important role in detecting patients with suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), however, there are no systematic summaries on whether the chest CT findings of patients within mainland China are applicable to those found in patients outside. Methods: Relevant studies were retrieved comprehensively by searching PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases before 15 April 2022. Quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS) was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, which were divided into two groups according to whether they were in mainland China or outside. Data on diagnostic performance, unilateral or bilateral lung involvement, and typical chest CT imaging appearances were extracted, and then, meta-analyses were performed with R software to compare the CT features of COVID-19 pneumonia between patients from within and outside mainland China. Results: Of the 8,258 studies screened, 19 studies with 3,400 patients in mainland China and 14 studies with 554 outside mainland China were included. Overall, the risk of quality assessment and publication bias was low. The diagnostic value of chest CT is similar between patients from within and outside mainland China (93, 91%). The pooled incidence of unilateral lung involvement (15, 7%), the crazy-paving sign (31, 21%), mixed ground-glass opacities (GGO) and consolidations (51, 35%), air bronchogram (44, 25%), vascular engorgement (59, 33%), bronchial wall thickening (19, 12%), and septal thickening (39, 26%) in patients from mainland China were significantly higher than those from outside; however, the incidence rates of bilateral lung involvement (75, 84%), GGO (78, 87%), consolidations (45, 58%), nodules (12, 17%), and pleural effusion (9, 15%) were significantly lower. Conclusion: Considering that the chest CT features of patients in mainland China may not reflect those of the patients abroad, radiologists and clinicians should be familiar with various CT presentations suggestive of COVID-19 in different regions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , China/epidemiologia
9.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219502

RESUMO

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a subtype of leukemia in which lymphoid and myeloid markers are co-expressed. Knowledge regarding the genetic features of MPAL is lacking due to its rarity and heterogeneity. Here, we applied an integrated genomic and transcriptomic approach to explore the molecular characteristics of 176 adult patients with MPAL, including 86 patients with T-lymphoid/myeloid MPAL (T/My MPAL-NOS), 42 with Ph+ MPAL, 36 with B-lymphoid/myeloid MPAL (B/My MPAL-NOS), 4 with t(v;11q23), and 8 with MPAL, NOS, rare types. Genetically, T/My MPAL-NOS was similar to B/T MPAL-NOS but differed from Ph+ MPAL and B/My MPAL-NOS. T/My MPAL-NOS exhibited higher CEBPA, DNMT3A, and NOTCH1 mutations. Ph+ MPAL demonstrated higher RUNX1 mutations. B/T MPAL-NOS showed higher NOTCH1 mutations. By integrating next-generation sequencing and RNA sequencing data of 89 MPAL patients, we defined eight molecular subgroups (G1-G8) with distinct mutational and gene expression characteristics. G1 was associated with CEBPA mutations, G2 and G3 with NOTCH1 mutations, G4 with BCL11B rearrangement and FLT3 mutations, G5 and G8 with BCR::ABL1 fusion, G6 with KMT2A rearrangement/KMT2A rearrangement-like features, and G7 with ZNF384 rearrangement/ZNF384 rearrangement-like characteristics. Subsequently, we analyzed single-cell RNA sequencing data from five patients. Groups G1, G2, G3, and G4 exhibited overexpression of hematopoietic stem cell disease-like and common myeloid progenitor disease-like signatures, G5 and G6 had high expression of granulocyte-monocyte progenitor disease-like and monocyte disease-like signatures, and G7 and G8 had common lymphoid progenitor disease-like signatures. Collectively, our findings indicate that integrative genomic and transcriptomic profiling may facilitate more precise diagnosis and develop better treatment options for MPAL.

10.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6530884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199963

RESUMO

Objective: This investigation was to test the potential role of m6A-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and immune infiltration as crucial factors in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine corpus endometrial cancer (UCEC). Method: The UCEC RNA-seq data were downloaded in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, https://portal.gdc.cancer.gov/). There were 587 samples totally, containing 543 UCEC cases and 35 healthy cases. The clinical information of UCEC cases included survival time, survival status, gender, age, stage, and TMN stage. Twenty-three m6A-related genes were found in published journals. The RNA-seq documents of UCEC were downloaded in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The hub gene data of UCEC were downloaded from GEPIA2 database. The different packages of R language were applied to calculate and analyze in this research. Results: Among 587 cases in our study, we discovered 3039 lncRNAs in the TCGA-UCEC database. After the differential analysis, 23 m6A-associated genetics were screened and twenty-one m6A-associated differential genetics were found. In the end, we obtained 20 m6A-related lncRNAs. LNCTAM34A was considered as a predictive gene through univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. In addition to the above, patients with high LNCTAM34A expression had better outcomes than those with low LNCTAM34A expression. The high-risk cohort had greater scores of activated dendritic cells (aDCs), B cells, and T cell regulatory (Tregs) than low-risk cohort; in the meanwhile, high-risk cohort had lower scores of DCs and iDCs. Then, the high-risk cohort displayed greater scores in the immune functions of MHC class I, para-inflammation, and type I IFN response than those of low-risk cohort. Among 27 immune-inducible genes, the level of CD244, KIR3DLI, NRP1, PDCD1LG2, and TNFRSF8 was reduced in UCEC samples and the level of CD27, CD28, CD70, CD80, CD86, HAVCR2, ICOS, IDO1, LAIR1, PDCD1, TIGIT, TNFRSF18, -25, -9, -14, and VTCN1 was increased in UCEC samples. Conclusion: The key role of M6A-related lncRNAs in immune microenvironment in high-risk patients of UCEC. The patients with strong expression of LNCTAM34A have a good prognosis, and LNCTAM34A can be used as a prognostic gene for UCEC. m6A-related lncRNAs can be used as a potential treatment for UCEC. Our observations can be used as a hypothetical basis for future in vitro and animal experiments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , RNA Longo não Codificante , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Antígenos CD28/genética , Antígenos CD28/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Neoplásicos , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36234992

RESUMO

Four sets of diastereomeric C9-alkenyl 5-phenylmorphans, varying in the length of the C9-alkenyl chain, were designed to examine the effect of these spatially distinct ligands on opioid receptors. Functional activity was obtained by forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation assays and several compounds were examined in the [35S]GTPgS assay and in an assay for respiratory depression. In each of the four sets, similarities and differences were observed dependent on the length of their C9-alkenyl chain and, most importantly, their stereochemistry. Three MOR antagonists were found to be as or more potent than naltrexone and, unlike naltrexone, none had MOR, KOR, or DOR agonist activity. Several potent MOR full agonists were obtained, and, of particular interest partial agonists were found that exhibited less respiratory depression than that caused by morphine. The effect of stereochemistry and the length of the C9-alkenyl chain was also explored using molecular modeling. The MOR antagonists were found to interact with the inactive (4DKL) MOR crystal structures and agonists were found to interact with the active (6DDF) MOR crystal structures. The comparison of their binding modes at the mouse MOR was used to gain insight into the structural basis for their stereochemically induced pharmacological differences.


Assuntos
Naltrexona , Insuficiência Respiratória , Animais , Células CHO , Colforsina , Cricetinae , Ligantes , Camundongos , Morfina/farmacologia , Receptores Opioides/metabolismo , Receptores Opioides delta/metabolismo , Receptores Opioides mu/metabolismo
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 244: 114061, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088717

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association between air pollutants and methylation of peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promoters. A total of 101 individuals were recruited in this panel study. BDNF promoter methylation was detected by bisulfite-PCR amplification and pyrosequencing. Participants' exposure to air pollutants was estimated using a satellite-based random forests approach. A generalized estimated equation model with natural cubic splines was employed to examine the associations between air pollutants and BDNF promoter methylation levels. The associations between air pollution and BDNF promoter methylation showed nonlinear curves with threshold effects. The threshold concentration for the association of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) with average methylation level was 59.7 µg/m3, and that for the association of particulate matter ≤ 1 µm in diameter (PM1) with CpG2 methylation level was 70.9 µg/m3. The percent change of average methylation level at the 95th percentile of NO2 against the threshold concentration was 43.25% (95%CI: 13.10%, 73.40%), and that of CpG2 methylation at the 95th percentile of PM1 was 128.29% (95%CI: 43.27%, 213.31%). Overall, long-term exposures of PM1, PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 were associated with significant changes in BDNF promoter methylation levels with threshold effects.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , China , Metilação de DNA , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a risk of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) from baby delivery. Many clinical guidelines recommend pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) as the conservative treatment for PFD because pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) play a crucial role in development of PFD. However, there is disagreement about the method and intensity of PFM training and the relevant measurements. To pilot the study in PFM training, we designed a Pelvic Floor Workout (PEFLOW) for women to train their pelvic through entire body exercises, and we planned a trial to evaluate its effectiveness through comparing the outcomes from a group of postpartum women who perform PELFLOW at home under professional guidance online with the control group. METHODS/DESIGN: The randomized controlled trial was projected to be conducted from November 2021 to March 2023. A total of 260 postpartum women would be recruited from the obstetrics departments of the study hospital and women would be eligible for participation randomized into experimental or control groups (EG/CG) if their PFM strength are scaled by less than Modified Oxford grading Scale (MOS) to be less than grade 3. Women in EG would perform a 12-week PEFLOW online under the supervision and guidance of a physiotherapist, while women in CG would have no interventions. Assessments would be conducted at enrollment, post intervention (for EG) or 18th to 24th week postpartum (for CG), and 1 year postpartum. Assessment would be performed in terms of pelvic floor symptoms, including MOS, cough stress test, urinary leakage symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse quantitation (POP-Q), and vaginal relaxation, clinic examinations including Pelvic floor electrophysiological test, Pelvic floor ultrasound and Spine X-ray, overall body test including trunk endurance test, handgrip test, body composition test, and questionnaires including International Physical Activity Questionnaire Score-Short Form(IPAQ-SF), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory Questionnaire-20 (PFDI-20), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-7 (PFIQ-7), the 6-item Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI-6), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Primary analysis will be performed to test our main hypothesis that PEFLOW is effective with respect to strengthen PFM strength. DISCUSSION: This trial will demonstrate that pelvic floor-care is accessible to most women and clinical practice on PFD may change relevantly should this study find that Online PEFLOW approach is effective to improve PFMs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT05218239.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico , Diafragma da Pelve , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Força da Mão , Humanos , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiologia , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/terapia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
14.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 191: 10-19, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174282

RESUMO

Calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK), as an essential calcium receptor, plays a major role in the perception and decoding of intracellular calcium signaling in plant development and stress responses. Here, the CDPK gene family was analyzed at the genome-wide level in peach. This study identified 17 PpCDPK gene members from the peach genome, and systematically investigated phylogenetic relationships, conserved motifs, exon-intron structures, chromosome distribution, and cis-acting elements of each PpCDPK gene using bioinformatics. Furthermore, the expression levels of most PpCDPK genes were significantly changed under the CaCl2, EBR, GB, cold shock, hot water treatments, and various temperatures in the cold storage of peach fruits. RNA-seq data showed that PpCDPK2, PpCDPK7, PpCDPK10, and PpCDPK13 were related to postharvest chilling stress in peach. The interaction network of PpCDPK7 protein showed that the interaction between PpCDPK7 and PpRBOH may be the intersectional point of Ca2+ and ROS signal transmission during cold storage of peach fruits. These systematic analyses are helpful to further characterize the regulation of PpCDPKs and CDPK-RBOH mediated signal cascades in postharvest chilling injury in peach fruit.


Assuntos
Prunus persica , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cloreto de Cálcio , Temperatura Baixa , Frutas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Filogenia , Proteínas Quinases , Prunus persica/genética , Prunus persica/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
15.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2200321, 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057971

RESUMO

Poly (ether-ether-ketone) (PEEK) displays promising potential application in bone tissue repair and orthopedic surgery due to its good biocompatibility and chemical stability. However, the bio-inertness and poor mechanical strength of PEEK greatly limit its application in load-bearing bones. In this study, calcium silicate whiskers (CSws) are synthesized and then compounded with PEEK to fabricate the PEEK/CSw composites with excellent mechanical properties, biological activity. Compared with PEEK, the PEEK/CSw composites exhibited higher hydrophilicity and ability to deposit hydroxyapatite on the surface. CSws are evenly dispersed in the PEEK matrix at 10 wt% content and the mechanical strength of the PEEK/CSw composite is ≈96.9 ± 2.4 MPa, 136.3 ± 2.4 MPa, and 266.0 ± 3.2 MPa, corresponding to tensile strength, compressive strength, and bending strength, respectively, which is 20%, 18%, and 52% higher than that of pure PEEK. The composites improve the adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Furthermore, PEEK/CSw composite remarkably improves bone formation and osteointegration, which has higher bone repair capacity than PEEK. These results demonstrate that the PEEK/CSw scaffolds display superior abilities to integrate with the host bone and promising potential in the field of load bearing bone repair.

16.
Drug Dev Res ; 83(7): 1654-1672, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069386

RESUMO

Gouty arthritis is an inflammatory disease induced by monosodium urate (MSU), and is closely related to the activation of inflammasomes. Calycosin plays an anti-inflammatory role in arthritis. This study explored the mechanism of Calycosin in MSU-induced gouty arthritis. MSU-induced gouty arthritis mouse models with or without treatment of Calycosin were established, and physiological and pathological indicators were determined. Similarly, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and THP-1 macrophages were used in vitro. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was tested. The degree of centrifugal infiltration was detected by immunofluorescence. ELISA and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were conducted to determine the levels of inflammatory factors. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry were utilized to detect the content of caspase-1. Protein expressions of NF-κB-, p62-Keap1 pathway-, and pyroptosis-related factors were examined by western blot. In MSU-induced mouse models, calycosin increased mechanical hyperalgesia but decreased the swelling index of the mouse knee joint in a time-dependent manner. MSU treatment increased inflammatory cells and LysM-eGFP+ neutrophils recruitment in vivo, and promoted the LDH content in vitro, and meanwhile, calycosin reversed the aforementioned effects of MSU. In addition, calycosin repressed the release of inflammatory factors, promoted p62 level and diminished the levels of AIM2, caspase-1, ASC, IL-1ß, Keap1, Cleaved GSDMD, and Cleaved caspase-1 and phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα in MSU-induced mouse or cell models. Furthermore, AIM2 silencing also inhibited MSU-induced inflammation and pyroptosis. Collectively, calycosin may inhibit AIM2 inflammasomes-mediated inflammation and pyroptosis through NF-κB and p62-Keap1 pathways, ultimately playing a protective role in gouty arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Camundongos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Piroptose , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 820016, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36004379

RESUMO

Previous studies mainly focused on the relationship between the size of the prolapse and injury to the supporting tissues, but the strain and stress distributions of the supporting tissues as well as high-risk areas of injury are still unknown. To further investigate the effect of supporting tissues on organs and the interactions between organs, this study focused on the relationship between high intra-abdominal pressure and the compliance of the pelvic floor support system in a normal woman without pelvic organ prolapse (POP), using a finite element model of the whole pelvic support system. A healthy female volunteer (55 years old) was scanned using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during rest and Valsalva maneuver. According to the pelvic structure contours traced by a gynecologist and anatomic details measured from dynamic MRI, a finite element model of the whole pelvic support system was established, including the uterus, vagina with cavity, cardinal and uterosacral ligaments, levator ani muscle, rectum, bladder, perineal body, pelvis, and obturator internus and coccygeal muscles. This model was imported into ANSYS software, and an implicit iterative method was employed to simulate the biomechanical response with increasing intra-abdominal pressure. Stress and strain distributions of the vaginal wall showed that the posterior wall was more stable than the anterior wall under high intra-abdominal pressure. Displacement at the top of the vagina was larger than that at the bottom, especially in the anterior-posterior direction. These results imply potential injury areas with high intra-abdominal pressure in non-prolapsed women, and provide insight into clinical managements for the prevention and surgical repair plans of POP.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 2): 158264, 2022 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037899

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) were continuously transported to wastewater treatment systems and accumulated in sludge constantly, potentially affecting systems function and co-occurrent contaminants fate. However, previous studies were based on acute exposure of MPs, which could not reflect the dynamics of MPs accumulation. Herein, this study firstly raised a more realistic method to evaluate the practical impacts of MPs on systems purification efficiency and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) fate. Continuous exposure of MPs did not pose negative effects on nutrients removal, but significantly changed the occurrence patterns of ARGs. ARGs abundances increased by 42.8 % and 54.3 % when exposed to millimeter-size MPs (mm-MPs) polyamide and polyethylene terephthalate, but increased by 31.3 % and 39.4 % to micron-size MPs (µm-MPs), respectively. Thus, mm-MPs posed severer effects on ARGs than µm-MPs. Further, mm-MPs surface properties were obviously altered after long-term exposure (higher specific surface area and O-containing species), which benefited microbes attachment. More importantly, more taxa linkages and changed topological properties (higher average degree and average weight) of co-occurrent network were observed in sludge with mm-MPs than with µm-MPs, as well as totally different potential host bacteria of ARGs. Rough surface of MPs and closer relations between ARGs and bacteria taxa contributed to the propagation of ARGs, which accounted for the observed higher ARGs abundances of mm-MPs. This study demonstrated that long-term accumulation of MPs in wastewater treatment systems affected ARGs fate, and mm-MPs caused severer risk due to their enrichment of ARGs. The results would promote the understanding of MPs real environmental behavior and influences.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Purificação da Água , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Esgotos , Plásticos , Polietilenotereftalatos , Nylons/farmacologia , Genes Bacterianos , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Bactérias/genética , Propriedades de Superfície , Águas Residuárias
20.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(6): 755-761, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35837775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stroke patients may have various sensory-motor disorders, such as spasticity, muscle weakness or sensory damage. Spasticity affects 20% to 40% of stroke patients. Patients with spasticity may have problems such as pain, motor function damage, and the decreased range of motion, which leads to decline of activity and quality of daily life. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a technique that can improve post-stroke spasticity. Whole body vibration (WBV), as a passive neuromuscular muscle stimulation technique, can improve the posture control, muscle strength, and muscle work of different people. At present, there are still few studies using WBV combined with ESWT for the treatment of hemiplegic patients with stroke. This study aims to explore the effects of WBV combined with ESWT on spasticity of the affected lower limb and gait function in stroke patients. METHODS: From March 2020 to March 2021, 50 hemiplegic patients with stroke were treated in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of the First Hospital of Changsha and they were assigned into a control group and a combined group, 25 cases per group. Both groups carried out conventional treatment, while the control group undertook the ESWT and fake WBV based on conventional treatment, and the combined group undertook ESWT after WBV and conventional treatment. Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), Lower Extremity portion of the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (FMA-LE), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and parameters of three-dimensional gait analysis including kinematic parameters (peak value of hip flexion and knee flexion) and spatiotemporal parameters (velocity, cadence and stride length) were assessed before and after 4-week treatment between the 2 groups. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of treatment, MAS scores in 2 groups were lower than before (both P<0.05), and the combined group was lower than the control group (P<0.001); BBS and FMA-LE scores were higher than those before treatment (both P<0.05), and the combined group was higher than the control group (both P<0.001); in the control group, the walking speed, stride frequency, and stride length were higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the peak value of flexion hip and peak value of flexion knee (both P<0.05); the peak value of hip flexion, peak value of knee flexion, step speed, step frequency, and stride length in the combined group were higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and were higher than those in control group (P<0.05 or P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: WBV combined with ESWT can improve the spasticity and motor function of the affected lower extremity, balance, and gait in hemiplegic patients with stroke.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Marcha , Hemiplegia/complicações , Hemiplegia/terapia , Humanos , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Espasticidade Muscular/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vibração/uso terapêutico
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