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1.
Food Chem ; : 128407, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129620

RESUMO

In this study, cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs) were prepared through enzymatic interesterification of palm mid-fraction (PMF) with stearic acid (SA). The reaction process parameters were experimented and the performance of the product was analysed. PMF and stearic acid (at a mass ratio of 1:2) were catalysed by 80 g kg-1 enzyme loading of Lipozyme RM IM fromRhizomucor mieheiat 60 °C for 120 min. The yield of the CBE product was more than 92%, and the CBE resembled cocoa butter (CB) in terms of its triacylglycerol composition. The hardness of the CBE product was higher than that of CB at different storage temperatures, but this difference was not obvious at 25 °C. The polymorphic structures and SFC curve of the CBE were similar to those of the CB. In addition, the CBE could be mixed with CB in any ratio without an obvious eutectic phenomena. Up to 40% CBE could be added to CB without significantly affecting the thermodynamic properties of CB. Thus, replacing CB with the CBE product is feasible.

2.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 231, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028807

RESUMO

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) is an essential electron donor in all organisms, and provides the reducing power for anabolic reactions and redox balance. NADPH homeostasis is regulated by varied signaling pathways and several metabolic enzymes that undergo adaptive alteration in cancer cells. The metabolic reprogramming of NADPH renders cancer cells both highly dependent on this metabolic network for antioxidant capacity and more susceptible to oxidative stress. Modulating the unique NADPH homeostasis of cancer cells might be an effective strategy to eliminate these cells. In this review, we summarize the current existing literatures on NADPH homeostasis, including its biological functions, regulatory mechanisms and the corresponding therapeutic interventions in human cancers, providing insights into therapeutic implications of targeting NADPH metabolism and the associated mechanism for cancer therapy.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107065, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) develop acute respiratory distress and multi-system organ failure and are associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to determine the risk of developing serious illness. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 114 patients with COVID-19 at the Jinyintan Hospital, Wuhan based on their clinical and laboratory data. Patients were categorized into severe and mild to moderate disease groups. We analyzed the potential of serological inflammation indicators in predicting the severity of COVID-19 in patients using univariate and multivariate logistic regression, receiver operating characteristic curves, and nomogram analysis. The Spearman method was used to understand the correlation between the serological biomarkers and duration of hospital stay. RESULTS: Patients with severe disease had reduced neutrophils and lymphocytes; severe coagulation dysfunction; altered content of biochemical factors (such as urea, lactate dehydrogenase); elevated high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels, neutrophil-lymphocyte, platelet-lymphocyte, and derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios, high sensitivity C-reactive protein-prealbumin ratio (HsCPAR), systemic immune-inflammation index, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein-albumin ratio (HsCAR); and low lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio. PNI, HsCAR, and HsCPAR correlated with the risk of severe disease. The nomogram combining the three parameters showed good discrimination with a C-index of 0.873 and reliable calibration. Moreover, HsCAR and HsCPAR correlated with duration of hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Taken together, PNI, HsCAR, and HsCPAR may serve as accurate biomarkers for the prediction of disease severity in patients with COVID-19 upon admission/hospitalization.

4.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is usually accompanied by rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD). A systematic review has concluded that motor manifestations are associated with RBD in PD patients, but whether the same is true of non-motor symptoms is unclear. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by searching studies related to PD and RBD in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Data were pooled where appropriate and used to calculate odds ratios (ORs), mean differences (MDs), or standardized mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic. RESULTS: PD patients with RBD were more likely to be male (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.14-1.40) and older (MD 1.70 years, 95% CI 1.24-2.16) than those of patients without RBD. Patients with RBD were at a higher risk of non-motor symptoms such as constipation (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.57-2.38), hallucination (OR 2.62, 95% CI 2.01-3.41), depression (SMD 0.39, 95% CI 0.25-0.53), and cognitive impairment (SMD - 0.29, 95% CI - 0.42 to - 0.17) based on standardized questionnaire scores. Similarly, PD patients with RBD suffered more severe motor symptoms and required higher doses of levodopa therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence suggests that PD patients with RBD suffer severer non-motor and motor symptoms than those without RBD. A potential explanation is that PD patients with RBD present more diffuse neurodegeneration.

5.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118139

RESUMO

LDL receptor-related protein (LRP) 10 was recently identified as a Parkinson's disease gene through genome-wide linkage and sequencing analysis, but its role in Parkinson's disease in various populations is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and spectrum of LRP10 mutations in a cohort of Parkinson's disease patients from mainland China. All LRP10 exons and their flanking intron regions were screened by direct sequencing in 567 unrelated Parkinson's disease patients and 600 unrelated controls. We detected 29 exonic or splicing variants in 79 patients with Parkinson's disease. Five variants (c.A181C:p.I61L, c.C652T:p.Q218X, c.C833T:p.T278I, c.T1592G:p.I531S, c.T1697C:p.L566P) were predicted to be disease-causing or damaging by multiple in silico tools. Our study provides genetic evidence that LRP10 defects may correlate with sporadic Parkinson's disease.

6.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037394

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the balance between cell proliferation and cell death is a central feature of malignances. Death-associated protein kinase 3 (DAPK3) regulates programmed cell death including apoptosis and autophagy. Our previous study showed that DAPK3 downregulation was detected in more than half of gastric cancers (GCs), which was related to tumor invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying DAPK3-mediated tumor suppression remains unclear. Here, we showed that the tumor suppressive function of DAPK3 was dependent on autophagy process. Mass spectrometry, in vitro kinase assay, and immunoprecipitation revealed that DAPK3 increased ULK1 activity by direct ULK1 phosphorylation at Ser556. ULK1 phosphorylation by DAPK3 facilitates the ULK1 complex formation, the VPS34 complex activation, and autophagy induction upon starvation. The kinase activity of DAPK3 and ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation were required for DAPK3-modulated tumor suppression. The coordinate expression of DAPK3 with ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation was confirmed in clinical GC samples, and this co-expression was correlated with favorable survival outcomes in patients. Collectively, these findings indicate that the tumor-suppressor roles of DAPK3 in GC are associated with autophagy and that DAPK3 is a novel autophagy regulator, which can directly phosphorylate ULK1 and activate ULK1. Thus, DAPK3 might be a promising prognostic autophagy-associated marker.

7.
Zootaxa ; 4816(1): zootaxa.4816.1.9, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055719

RESUMO

In the recently re-instated genus Mesandrothrips Priesner, four species are recognized from China, and an illustrated key is provided here. This includes one new species, M. acutisetis sp.n., together with the first record of M. subterraneus from China.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China
8.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23616, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seoul virus (SEOV) is a Hantavirus and the causative pathogen of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS). Diagnosing SEOV infection is difficult because the clinical presentations are often undistinguishable from other viral or bacterial infections. In addition, diagnostic tools including serological and molecular assays are not readily available in the clinical settings. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old male presented with fever and a sudden loss of consciousness in November 2019. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed subdural hematoma, subfalcine herniation, and brain infarction. He developed thrombocytopenia and elevated transaminases, but no rashes or obvious kidney damage. He reported having a rat bite. HFRS was suspected. The Hantavirus IgG was positive, and the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) detected SEOV sequences directly in the blood. CONCLUSION: This report highlights the importance of suspecting SEOV infection in febrile patients with thrombocytopenia and elevated liver enzymes despite the absence of hemorrhagic manifestations of skin and renal syndromes. Next-generation sequencing is a powerful tool for pathogen detection. Intracranial hemorrhage and brain infarction as extrarenal manifestations of HFRS are rare but possible as demonstrated in this case.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239843, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997725

RESUMO

Banxia Houpu decoction (BXHPD) has been used to treat depression in clinical practice for centuries. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of BXHPD still remain unclear. Network Pharmacology (NP) approach was used to explore the potential molecular mechanisms of BXHPD in treating depression. Potential active compounds of BXHPD were obtained from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform Database. STRING database was used to build a interaction network between the active compounds and target genes associated with depression. The topological features of nodes were visualized and calculated. Significant pathways and biological functions were identified using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses. A total of 44 active compounds were obtained from BXHPD, and 121 potential target genes were considered to be therapeutically relevant. Pathway analysis indicated that MAPK signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt pathway were significant pathways in depression. They were mainly involved in promoting nerve growth and nutrition and alleviating neuroinflammatory conditions. The result provided some potential ways for modern medicine in the treatment of depression.

10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(18): 10211-10225, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894293

RESUMO

Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) were usually silenced by various histone modifications on histone H3 variants and respective histone chaperones in embryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, it is still unknown whether chaperones of other histones could repress ERVs. Here, we show that H2A/H2B histone chaperone FACT plays a critical role in silencing ERVs and ERV-derived cryptic promoters in ESCs. Loss of FACT component Ssrp1 activated MERVL whereas the re-introduction of Ssrp1 rescued the phenotype. Additionally, Ssrp1 interacted with MERVL and suppressed cryptic transcription of MERVL-fused genes. Remarkably, Ssrp1 interacted with and recruited H2B deubiquitinase Usp7 to Ssrp1 target genes. Suppression of Usp7 caused similar phenotypes as loss of Ssrp1. Furthermore, Usp7 acted by deubiquitinating H2Bub and thereby repressed the expression of MERVL-fused genes. Taken together, our study uncovers a unique mechanism by which FACT complex silences ERVs and ERV-derived cryptic promoters in ESCs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/fisiologia , Retrovirus Endógenos/genética , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/fisiologia , Chaperonas de Histonas/fisiologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Peptidase 7 Específica de Ubiquitina/fisiologia
11.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(15): 2387-2395, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922205

RESUMO

Chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 1-like (CHD1L) gene has been proposed to play an oncogenic role in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Previously we reported that CHD1L overexpression is significantly associated with the metastasis proceeding of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and may predict a poor prognosis in EOC patients. However, the potential oncogenic mechanisms by which CHD1L acts in EOC remain unclear. To elucidate the oncogenic function of CHD1L, we carried out a series of in vitro assays, with effects of CHD1L ectogenic overexpression and silencing being determined in EOC cell lines (HO8910, A2780 and ES2). Real-time PCR and Western blotting analyses were used to identify potential downstream targets of CHD1L in the process of EOC invasion and metastasis. In ovarian carcinoma HO8910 cell lines, ectopic overexpression of CHD1L substantially induced the invasive and metastasis ability of the cancer cells in vitro. In contrast, knockdown of CHD1L using shRNA inhibited cell invasion in vitro in ovarian carcinoma A2780 and ES2 cell lines. We also demonstrated that methionyl aminopeptidase 2 (METAP2) was a downstream target of CHD1L in EOC, and we found a significant, positive correlation between the expression of CHD1L and METAP2 in EOC tissues (P<0.05). Our findings indicate that CHD1L plays a potential role in the inducement of EOC cancer cell invasion and/or metastasis via the regulation of METAP2 expression and suggests that CHD1L inhibition may provide a potential target for therapeutic intervention in human EOC.

12.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 183, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900990

RESUMO

The acidic tumor microenvironment provides an energy source driving malignant tumor progression. Adaptation of cells to an acidic environment leads to the emergence of cancer stem cells. The expression of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) is closely related to the initiation and development of colorectal carcinoma (CRC), but its regulatory mechanism in CRC stem cells is still unclear. Our study revealed that acidosis reduced VDR expression by downregulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARD) expression. Overexpression of VDR effectively suppressed the stemness and oxaliplatin resistance of cells in acidosis. The nuclear export signal in VDR was sensitive to acidosis, and VDR was exported from the nucleus. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with high-throughput sequencing (ATAC-seq) analyses showed that VDR transcriptionally repressed SRY-box 2 (SOX2) by binding to the vitamin D response elements in the promoter of SOX2, impairing tumor growth and drug resistance. We demonstrated that a change in the acidic microenvironment combined with overexpression of VDR substantially restricted the occurrence and development of CRC in vivo. These findings reveal a new mechanism by which acidosis could affect the stemness of CRC cells by regulating the expression of SOX2 and show that abnormal VDR expression leads to ineffective activation of vitamin D signaling, resulting in a lack of efficacy of vitamin D in antineoplastic process.

13.
Protein Cell ; 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748349

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. HCC is refractory to many standard cancer treatments and the prognosis is often poor, highlighting a pressing need to identify biomarkers of aggressiveness and potential targets for future treatments. Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C) is reported to be highly expressed in several human tumors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of KIF2C in tumor development and progression have not been investigated. In this study, we found that KIF2C expression was significantly upregulated in HCC, and that KIF2C up-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis. Utilizing both gain and loss of function assays, we showed that KIF2C promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified TBC1D7 as a binding partner of KIF2C, and this interaction disrupts the formation of the TSC complex, resulting in the enhancement of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) signal transduction. Additionally, we found that KIF2C is a direct target of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, and acts as a key factor in mediating the crosstalk between Wnt/ß-catenin and mTORC1 signaling. Thus, the results of our study establish a link between Wnt/ß-catenin and mTORC1 signaling, which highlights the potential of KIF2C as a therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743925

RESUMO

The application of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as SERS-active platforms in multiplex volatile organic compounds (VOCs) detection is still unexplored. Herein, we demonstrate that MIL-100 (Fe) serves as an ideal SERS substrate for the detection of VOCs. The limit of detection (LOD) of MIL-100(Fe) for toluene sensing can reach 2.5 ppm, and can be even further decreased to 0.48 ppb level when "hot spots" in between Au nanoparticles are employed onto MIL-100 (Fe) substrate, resulting in an enhancement factor of 1010 . Additionally, we show that MIL-100(Fe) substrate has a unique "sensor array" property allowing multiplex VOCs detection, with great modifiability and expandability by doping with foreign metal elements. Finally, the MIL-100(Fe) platform is utilized to simultaneously detect the different gaseous indicators of lung cancer with ppm detection limit, demonstrating its high potential for early diagnosis of lung cancer in vivo.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3917, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764557

RESUMO

Phosphorene, monolayer or few-layer black phosphorus, exhibits fascinating anisotropic properties and shows interesting semiconducting behavior. The synthesis of phosphorene nanosheets is still a hot topic, including the shaping of its two-dimensional structure into nanoribbons or nanobelts. Here we report electrochemical unzipping of single crystalline black phosphorus into zigzag-phosphorene nanobelts, as well as nanosheets and quantum dots, via an oxygen-driven mechanism. The experimental results agree well with our theoretical calculations. The calculation for the unzipping mechanism study suggests that interstitial oxygen-pairs are the critical intermediate species for generating zigzag-phosphorene nanobelts. Although phosphorene oxidation has been reported, lengthwise cutting is hitherto unreported. Our discovery of phosphorene cut upon oxidation represents a previously unknown mechanism for the formation of various dimensions of phosphorene nanostructures, especially zigzag-phosphorene nanobelts. It opens up a way for studying the quantum effects and electronic properties of zigzag-phosphorene nanobelts.

17.
Theranostics ; 10(20): 9066-9082, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802179

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Aberrant transcriptional programs are highly regulated processes that play important roles in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Emerging evidence suggests that super-enhancers (SEs) often drive critical oncogene expression. However, SE-associated genes in HCC pathogenesis are still poorly understood. Methods: We performed integrative ChIP-seq and Hi-C analyses of HCC cells and identified ajuba LIM protein (AJUBA) as a SE-associated gene. We evaluated AJUBA expression in HCC using immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and qRT-PCR. ChIP and luciferase reporter assays were performed to demonstrate that transcription factor 4 (TCF4) bound to AJUBA-associated SEs. We then assessed the role of AJUBA in HCC using both in vitro and in vivo assays. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was examined using immunofluorescence and immunoblotting assays. Furthermore, we used immunoprecipitation and BiFC assays to explore the underlying mechanisms. Results: We identified AJUBA as a SE-associated oncogene in HCC regulated by TCF4. High AJUBA expression was related to an aggressive phenotype and unfavorable outcome in HCC patients. AJUBA knockdown significantly reduced cell migration and invasion capacities both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, AJUBA overexpression in HCC recruited tumor necrosis factor associated factor 6 (TRAF6), enhancing the phosphorylation of Akt and increasing Akt activity toward GSK-3ß, thus promoting EMT. Conclusions: Our results provide functional and mechanistic links between the SE-associated gene AJUBA and tumor EMT in aggressive HCC.

18.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 112, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high lethal rate of pancreatic cancer is partly due to a lack of efficient biomarkers for screening and early diagnosis. We attempted to develop effective and noninvasive methods using 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) markers from circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) for the detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). RESULTS: A 24-feature 5mC model that can accurately discriminate PDAC from healthy controls (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.977, sensitivity = 0.824, specificity = 1) and a 5hmC prediction model with 27 features demonstrated excellent detection power in two distinct validation sets (AUC = 0.992 and 0.960, sensitivity = 0.786 and 0.857, specificity = 1 and 0.993). The 51-feature model combining 5mC and 5hmC markers outperformed both of the individual models, with an AUC of 0.997 (sensitivity = 0.938, specificity = 0.955) and particularly an improvement in the prediction sensitivity of PDAC. In addition, the weighted diagnosis score (wd-score) calculated with the 5hmC model can distinguish stage I patients from stage II-IV patients. CONCLUSIONS: Both 5mC and 5hmC biomarkers in cfDNA are effective in PDAC detection, and the 5mC-5hmC integrated model significantly improve the detection sensitivity.

19.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3819-3830, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Picrasma quassioides (PQ) is a traditional Asian herbal medicine with anti-tumor properties that can inhibit the viability of HepG2 liver cancer cells. H-Ras is often mutated in liver cancer, however, the effect of PQ treatment on H-Ras mutated liver cancer is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of PQ on ROS accumulation and mitochondrial dysfunction in H-ras mutated HepG2 (HepG2G12V) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PQ ethanol extract-induced HepG2G12V apoptosis was analyzed by the MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: PQ treatment affected cell migration and colony formation in HepG2G12V cells. Cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9 and BCL2 associated agonist of cell death (BAD) expression levels were increased, while the levels of B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) were decreased with PQ treatment. PQ treatment led to a reduction of H-Ras expression levels in liver cancer cells, thus reducing their abnormal proliferation. Furthermore, it led to increased expression levels of Peroxiredoxin VI, which regulates the redox signal in cells. CONCLUSION: Taken together these results provide a new functional significance for the role of PQ in treating HepG2G12V liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes ras , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Picrasma/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/biossíntese
20.
In Vivo ; 34(4): 1823-1833, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Picrasma quassioides (P. quassioides) is used in traditional Asian medicine widely for the treatment of anemopyretic cold, eczema, nausea, loss of appetite, diabetes mellitus, hypertension etc. In this study we aimed to understand the effect of P. quassioides ethanol extract on SiHa cervical cancer cell apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P. quassioides extract-induced apoptosis was analyzed using the MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: P. quassioides extract induced cellular apoptosis by increasing the accumulation of cellular and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and inhibiting ATP synthesis. Pretreatment with N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), a classic antioxidant, decreased the intracellular ROS production and inhibited apoptosis. In addition, the P38 MAPK signaling pathway is a key in the apoptosis of SiHa cells induced by the P. quassioides extract. CONCLUSION: The P. quassioides extract exerts its anti-cancer properties on SiHa cells through ROS-mitochondria axis and P38 MAPK signaling. Our data provide a new insight for P. quassioides as a therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer treatment.

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