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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(502)2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341059

RESUMO

TYK2 is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase involved in adaptive and innate immune responses. A deactivating coding variant has previously been shown to prevent receptor-stimulated activation of this kinase and provides high protection from several common autoimmune diseases but without immunodeficiency. An agent that recapitulates the phenotype of this deactivating coding variant may therefore represent an important advancement in the treatment of autoimmunity. BMS-986165 is a potent oral agent that similarly blocks receptor-stimulated activation of TYK2 allosterically and with high selectivity and potency afforded through optimized binding to a regulatory domain of the protein. Signaling and functional responses in human TH17, TH1, B cells, and myeloid cells integral to autoimmunity were blocked by BMS-986165, both in vitro and in vivo in a phase 1 clinical trial. BMS-986165 demonstrated robust efficacy, consistent with blockade of multiple autoimmune pathways, in murine models of lupus nephritis and inflammatory bowel disease, supporting its therapeutic potential for multiple immune-mediated diseases.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
4.
J Med Chem ; 60(12): 5193-5208, 2017 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541707

RESUMO

PI3Kδ plays an important role controlling immune cell function and has therefore been identified as a potential target for the treatment of immunological disorders. This article highlights our work toward the identification of a potent, selective, and efficacious PI3Kδ inhibitor. Through careful SAR, the successful replacement of a polar pyrazole group by a simple chloro or trifluoromethyl group led to improved Caco-2 permeability, reduced Caco-2 efflux, reduced hERG PC activity, and increased selectivity profile while maintaining potency in the CD69 hWB assay. The optimization of the aryl substitution then identified a 4'-CN group that improved the human/rodent correlation in microsomal metabolic stability. Our lead molecule is very potent in PK/PD assays and highly efficacious in a mouse collagen-induced arthritis model.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2/imunologia , Cães , Canal de Potássio ERG1/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/tratamento farmacológico , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Coelhos
5.
J Med Chem ; 59(24): 11138-11147, 2016 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002964

RESUMO

We describe a highly efficient route for the synthesis of 4a (BMS-986104). A key step in the synthesis is the asymmetric hydroboration of trisubstituted alkene 6. Particularly given the known difficulties involved in this type of transformation (6 → 7), the current methodology provides an efficient approach to prepare this class of compounds. In addition, we disclose the efficacy of 4a in a mouse EAE model, which is comparable to 4c (FTY720). Mechanistically, 4a exhibited excellent remyelinating effects on lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) induced demyelination in a three-dimensional brain cell culture assay.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/agonistas , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/síntese química , Naftalenos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(17): 4256-60, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27476421

RESUMO

Aberrant Class I PI3K signaling is a key factor contributing to many immunological disorders and cancers. We have identified 4-amino pyrrolotriazine as a novel chemotype that selectively inhibits PI3Kδ signaling despite not binding to the specificity pocket of PI3Kδ isoform. Structure activity relationship (SAR) led to the identification of compound 30 that demonstrated efficacy in mouse Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH) and collagen induced arthritis (CIA) models.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Triazinas/química , Aminas/metabolismo , Aminas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite/metabolismo , Artrite/patologia , Sítios de Ligação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 355(3): 506-15, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26442523

RESUMO

BMS-931699 (lulizumab pegol), a domain antibody (dAb) conjugated with 40-kDa branched polyethylene glycol, is a human anti-CD28 receptor antagonist under development for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In the present work, the minimal anticipated biologic effect level (MABEL) was determined for BMS-931699 by integrating all the available preclinical data. The relevance of the in vitro mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) assay to a whole blood CD28 receptor occupancy (RO) assessment, as well as the relationship between the CD28 RO and the inhibition of T-cell-dependent antibody response to keyhole limpet hemocyanin in vivo, was demonstrated through an integrated pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis using anti-hCD28 dAb-001 (differing from BMS-931699 by two additional amino acids at the N-terminus) and a mouse surrogate. Based on this analysis, the EC10 value (0.32 nM) from the human MLR assay and the human plasma volume (0.04 l/kg) were employed to calculate the MABEL (0.01 mg) of BMS-931699 in humans, with a CD28 RO predicted to be ≤10%. The estimated MABEL dose was threefold higher than the value derived from the binding constant and twofold less than the MABEL converted from animal efficacy studies based on the body surface area. Furthermore, it was 2900-fold lower than the human equivalent dose derived from the no observed adverse effect level in monkeys (15 mg/kg/week for 5 doses, intravenous dosing) with a 10-fold safety factor applied. Therefore, the MABEL dose represented a sound approach to mitigate any potential risk in targeting CD28 and was successfully used as the first-in-human starting dose for BMS-931699.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/farmacologia , Antígenos CD28/antagonistas & inibidores , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacocinética , Algoritmos , Animais , Superfície Corporal , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Hemocianinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Teste de Cultura Mista de Linfócitos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Immunol ; 192(9): 4083-92, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24670803

RESUMO

CD40-CD40L interactions play a critical role in regulating immune responses. Blockade of CD40L by Abs, such as the anti-CD40L Ab 5c8, demonstrated positive clinical effects in patients with autoimmune diseases; however, incidents of thromboembolism (TE) precluded further development of these molecules. In this study, we examined the role of the Fc domain interaction with FcγRs in modulating platelet activation and potential for TE. Our results show that the interaction of the 5c8 wild-type IgG1 Fc domain with FcγRs is responsible for platelet activation, as measured by induction of PAC-1 and CD62P. A version of 5c8 with a mutated IgG1 tail was identified that showed minimal FcγR binding and platelet activation while maintaining full binding to CD40L. To address whether Fc effector function is required for immunosuppression, a potent Ab fragment, termed a "domain Ab" (dAb), against murine CD40L was identified and fused to a murine IgG1 Fc domain containing a D265A mutation that lacks Fc effector function. In vitro, this dAb-Fc demonstrated comparable potency to the benchmark mAb MR-1 in inhibiting B cell and dendritic cell activation. Furthermore, the anti-CD40L dAb-Fc exhibited a notable efficacy comparable to MR-1 in various preclinical models, such as keyhole limpet hemocyanin-induced Ab responses, alloantigen-induced T cell proliferation, "heart-to-ear" transplantation, and NZB × NZW F1 spontaneous lupus. Thus, our data show that immunosuppression and TE can be uncoupled and that a CD40L dAb with an inert Fc tail is expected to be efficacious for treating autoimmune diseases, with reduced risk for TE.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Ligante de CD40/imunologia , Ativação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/farmacologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , Ativação Plaquetária/imunologia , Receptores de IgG/imunologia , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/imunologia , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Transfecção
9.
J Leukoc Biol ; 73(6): 771-80, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12773510

RESUMO

Naïve T cells, when activated by specific antigen and cytokines, up-regulate adhesion molecules as well as chemokine receptors on their surface, which allows them to migrate to inflamed tissues. Human studies have shown that CXCR3 is one of the chemokine receptors that is induced during T cell activation. Moreover, CXCR3-positive T cells are enriched at inflammatory sites in patients with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. In this study, we use a mouse model of inflammation to demonstrate that CXCR3 is required for activated T cell transmigration to inflamed tissue. Using an anti- mCXCR3 antibody, we have shown that in vitro-differentiated T helper (Th) 1 and Th2 cells up-regulated CXCR3 upon stimulation with specific antigen/major histocompatibility complex. However, only Th1 cells, when adoptively transferred to syngeneic recipients, are efficiently recruited to the peritoneum in an adjuvant-induced peritonitis model. Furthermore, the neutralizing anti-mCXCR3 antibody profoundly inhibits the recruitment of Th1 cells to the inflamed peritoneum. Real-time, quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrates that the CXCR3 ligands, interferon (IFN)-inducible protein 10 (CXCL10) and IFN-inducible T cell alpha chemoattractant (CXCL11), are among the many chemokines induced in the adjuvant-treated peritoneum. The anti-mCXCR3 antibody is also effective in inhibiting a delayed-type hypersensitivity response, which is largely mediated by enhanced trafficking of activated T cells to peripheral inflammatory sites. Collectively, our results suggest that CXCR3 has a critical role in T cell transmigration to sites of inflammation and thus, may serve as a molecular target for anti-inflammatory therapies.


Assuntos
Quimiotaxia de Leucócito , Inflamação/imunologia , Receptores de Quimiocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Células Th1/imunologia , Transferência Adotiva , Animais , Anticorpos/farmacologia , Antígenos/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Adjuvante de Freund , Genes Codificadores dos Receptores de Linfócitos T , Hipersensibilidade Tardia/imunologia , Ligantes , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Peritônio/citologia , Peritônio/efeitos dos fármacos , Peritônio/imunologia , Peritonite/induzido quimicamente , Peritonite/imunologia , Receptores CXCR3 , Receptores de Quimiocinas/agonistas , Receptores de Quimiocinas/imunologia , Células Th1/transplante , Células Th2/imunologia
10.
J Immunol ; 170(7): 3662-70, 2003 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12646631

RESUMO

FTY720 (2-amino-[2-(4-octylphenyl) ethyl]-1,3-propanediol hydrochloride) is an immunosuppressive agent that inhibits allograft rejection. We recently demonstrated that FTY-phosphate, the active metabolite of FTY720, acts as a full agonist for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors. Furthermore, activation of S1P receptors with their natural ligand, S1P, as well as pharmacological ligands leads to lymphopenia, probably due to sequestration of lymphocytes in secondary lymphoid organs. In the present study we used a local Ag-challenged mouse model to examine the effects of FTY720 on T cell activation in the draining lymph node (DLN) and on the release of activated T cells to the peripheral blood compartment. We showed that the number of Ag-activated CD4(+) T cells in the DLN after injection of Ag and CFA into a footpad was dramatically reduced after FTY720 treatment. However, T cell proliferation, both in vitro and in vivo, was not impaired by FTY720. Our results suggest that the reduced efficiency of T cell responses in the DLN in response to a local Ag is probably due to a defective recirculation of naive T cells caused by FTY720 treatment. Furthermore, we found that the numbers of naive and Ag-activated CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood of Ag-challenged mice were equally reduced with FTY720 treatment, suggesting that both T cell subsets are sequestered in the DLNs. Thus, FTY720 induces immunosuppression through inhibition of both the recirculation of naive T cells and the release of Ag-activated T cells from the DLN to lymph and to the blood compartment.


Assuntos
Antígenos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Movimento Celular/imunologia , Interfase/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Ovalbumina/farmacologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/agonistas , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G , Esfingosina/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos/administração & dosagem , Bromodesoxiuridina/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/transplante , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Divisão Celular/imunologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Cloridrato de Fingolimode , Citometria de Fluxo , Fluoresceínas/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Inibidores do Crescimento/administração & dosagem , Inibidores do Crescimento/sangue , Inibidores do Crescimento/farmacologia , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/sangue , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Injeções Subcutâneas , Interfase/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfonodos/citologia , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfonodos/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Cultura Mista de Linfócitos , Depleção Linfocítica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ovalbumina/administração & dosagem , Propilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Propilenoglicóis/sangue , Propilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Receptores de Lisofosfolipídeos , Succinimidas/metabolismo , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia
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