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1.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433556

RESUMO

In this study, a novel mixed polymeric micelles formed from biocompatible polymers, poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactide) (mPEG-PLA) and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (mPEG-PCL), used as a novel nanocarrier to encapsulate gambogenic acid (GNA). GNA-loaded mixed polymeric micelles (GNA-MMs) was prepared by cosolvent evaporation method. The mean average size of GNA-MMs was (83.23 ± 1.06) nm (n = 3) and entrapment efficiency (EE%) of GNA-MMs was (90.18 ± 2.59) % (n = 3) as well as (12.36 ± 0.64) % (n = 3) for drug loading (DL%). Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the GNA-MMs were spherical with "core-shell" structures. Compared with free GNA solution, in vitro release of GNA from GNA-MMs showed a two-phase sustained release profile: an initial relatively fast phase and followed by a slower release phase. Pharmacokinetic results also indicated that the GNA-MMs have longer systemic circulation time and slower plasma elimination rate than free GNA solution. Moreover, the in vitro cytotoxicity assay showed that the IC50 values on HepG2 cells for GNA-MMs and free GNA were (5.67 ± 0.02) µM and (9.02 ± 0.03) µM, respectively. In addition, GNA-MMs significantly increased the HepG2 cellular apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, the results showed that mPEG-PLA/mPEG-PCL mixed micelles may serve as an ideal drug delivery system for GNA to prolong drug circulation time in body, enhance bioavailability and retained its potent antitumor effect.

2.
BMC Microbiol ; 17(1): 135, 2017 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of early-life diverse microbial exposures on gut microbial colonization in an OVA-induced asthma model in BALB/c mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were divided into 4 groups: A, offsprings were kept in a SPF environment during fetal, lactation, and childhood periods; B, offsprings were kept in the SPF environment during fetal and lactation periods, and kept in the general environment during childhood; C, offsprings were kept in the SPF environment only during fetal period, and then kept in the general environment; and D, offsprings were kept in the general environment during whole periods. The diversity of intestinal flora was analyzed using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Mice were sensitized with OVA to establish an animal model of asthma. Then asthma-related inflammatory cytokines and histological analysis were performed. RESULTS: The diversity of intestinal microflora in group D was significantly higher than groups A, B and C at three days and three weeks after birth, and the diversity of intestinal microflora in groups C and D were significantly higher than groups A and B at five weeks after birth. The pathologic scores of OVA-induced asthmatic mice in group D were significantly lower than group A, and serum IFN-γ levels and the IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio in group D were significantly higher than group A. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to diverse microbial environments in early life affects gut microbial colonization in BALB/c mice. The diversity of the intestinal flora in early life may prevent airway inflammation in asthma via regulating the Th1/Th2 balance.


Assuntos
Asma/induzido quimicamente , Bactérias/classificação , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Animais , Asma/imunologia , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Filogenia
3.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 67(Pt 8): m1141-2, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22090901

RESUMO

In the centrosymmetric tetra-nuclear title compound, [Ag(4)(C(12)H(10)O(2)P)(2)(CF(3)O(3)S)(2)(C(25)H(22)P(2))(2)]·2CH(3)CN, the Ag(I) atom is coordinated by one P atom from a bis-(diphenyl-phosphan-yl)methane (dppm) ligand, two O atoms from two diphenyl-phosphinate (dpp) ligands and one O atom from a trifluoro-methane-sulfonate (OTf) anion in a highly distorted tetra-hedral geometry. Four Ag(I) atoms are bridged by two dppm ligands, two dpp ligands and two OTf anions, forming a tetra-nuclear complex. An weak intra-molecular Ag⋯Ag [3.2692 (14) Å] inter-action is observed. The OTf anion and one of the phenyl groups in the dppm ligand are disordered over two sets of positions in a 0.546 (4):0.454 (4) ratio. The 0.546-occupied OTf is bonded to two Ag atoms in a µ-(κ(2)O:O') mode, while the 0.454-occupied OTf is bonded in a µ-(κ(2)O:O) mode. The methyl group of the acetonitrile solvent mol-ecule is also disordered over two positions with equal occupancy factors.

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