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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 18(5): 4259-4270, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221701

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a severe complication characterized by cognitive dysfunction following anesthesia and surgery. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ß­site amyloid precursor protein cleavage enzyme 1 (BACE1) gene silencing on isoflurane anesthesia­induced POCD in immature rats via the phosphatidylinositol­3­kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. Rat models were established and then transfected with BACE1 small interfering RNA and wortmannin (an inhibitor of PI3K). Blood gas analysis was performed, and a series of behavioral experiments were conducted to evaluate the cognitive function, learning ability and locomotor activity of rats. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of the associated genes. An ELISA was used to detect the inflammatory indicators and the content of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and amyloid­ß (Aß). Apoptosis of the hippocampal CA1 region was observed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick­end labeling staining. Initially, it was revealed that the percentage of stagnation time in rats was increased by BACE1 gene silencing; the escape latency and swimming distance were markedly reduced from the 4th to the 6th day, the time the rats spent in first passing the target area was shortened, and the times of passing the target area were increased by BACE1 gene silencing, demonstrating that BACE1 gene silencing enhanced the spatial memory ability of rats. Additionally, it was determined that silencing BACE1 improved the pathological state induced by isoflurane anesthesia in immature rats, and attenuated the inflammatory response and the levels of APP and Aß in hippocampal tissues. Furthermore, it was suggested that silencing BACE1 may have promoted the activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the apoptosis of the hippocampal CA1 region. Taken together, these results indicated that BACE1 gene silencing may improve isoflurane anesthesia­induced POCD in immature rats by activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and inhibiting the Aß generated by APP.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 37(5)2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28899924

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the influence of UGT1A9 gene polymorphisms on the efficacy of propofol in patients undergoing the painless induced abortion method. A total of 156 women seeking voluntary pregnancy termination procedures were selected for the study, and subsequently underwent painless induced abortions, following anesthesia by means of propofol administration. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed to detect the polymorphisms of UGT1A9 gene at -440C/T, -1818C/T, and -1887T/G loci. The time, effect-site concentration, and bispectral index (BIS) for the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) (up to 4 points) were observed and recorded in patients following discontinuation of propofol. The time and effect-site concentration for BIS reaching 80 in patients following the discontinuation of propofol were observed and recorded. Postoperative observations of adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression were all made record of. In comparison with patients with UGT1A9 -440C/T CT and TT, those with UGT1A9 -440C/T CC displayed shorter durations of OAA/S by up to 4 points, shorter BIS times reaching 80, as well as higher corresponding effect-site concentrations. No significant differences were detected in the patients with -440C/T, -1818T/C, and -1887T/G in incidence of nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. The findings of the study highlighted correlation between UGT1A9 -440C/T gene polymorphisms and positive propofol efficacy in patients undergoing painless induced pregnancy termination procedures.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Dor/genética , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/patologia , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Gravidez , Propofol/efeitos adversos
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