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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 147: 111769, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630030

RESUMO

Rapid and accurate detection of nucleic acids plays a major role in biological research and clinical diagnostics. Here, a 3D multiple self-cleaning electrochemical ratiometric microfluidic paper-based analytical device (SER-µPAD) has been constructed for manganese super oxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene detection on the basis of the inner reference probe and exonuclease Ш (Exo Ш)-assisted analytes recycling amplification method. To simplify manual operations, a multipath self-cleaning tab that could manipulate fluid transport was introduced into the paper-based device, realizing time-programmable self-cleaning of the electrode. For achieving sensitive detection of MnSOD gene, the methylene blue (MB)-modified capture probe (CP) as the inner reference element was first self-assembled on triangular Au nanosheets modified paper working electrode to provide a built-in correction and improve the detection accuracy. When MnSOD gene existed, it hybridized with the hairpin-structured signal probe, triggering the cyclic amplification with the assistance of Exo Ш selective digestion to engender numerous residual DNA labeled with ferrocene (Fc) that could be captured on electrode surface by CPs. Hence, the Fc tags were close to the electrode surface, resulting in the oxidation peak current of Fc (IFc) increase, while that of MB (IMB) was constant on account of the unchanged distance between the MB tags and the electrode. The value of IFc/IMB was linear with MnSOD gene concentration from 10 nM to 1200 nM, and the detection limit was 3.91 nM. This strategy provides an accurate, robust, and sensitive method for nucleic acids detection and shows great potential in the construction of portable devices.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen Streptococcus sanguis S28, was isolated from throat swab of children's scarlet fever as a rare case. In order to acquire a better understanding about multidrug-resistant mechanism of Streptococcus sanguis and its relationship with scarlet fever, we carried out genome sequencing and analysis. METHODS: The genome was sequenced by Illumina Hiseq platform. Genome assembly was conducted by SOAP denovoV2.04 and the assembled genome sequence was submitted to NCBI for annotation. RESULTS: The 1,268,358,696 bp genome of S28 contains 2287 CDS with 43.2% GC content. S28 possesses 4 antibiotic resistance genes which is consistent with phenotypic experiments. A novo transposon with three genes resisting to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B, tetracyclines, aminoglycosides were discovered. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, it is the first time to report a Streptococcus sanguis genome isolated from throat swab of children's scarlet fever and the first time to report a transposon with three activated resistance genes which resist to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B, tetracyclines, aminoglycosides together.

3.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736475

RESUMO

Phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate synthetase 2 (PRPS2) is a rate-limiting enzyme and plays an important role in purine and pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis. Recent studies report that PRPS2 is involved in male infertility. However, the role of PRPS2 in hypospermatogenesis is unknown. In this study, the relationship of PRPS2 with hypospermatogenesis and spermatogenic cell apoptosis was investigated. The results showed that PRPS2 depletion increased the number of apoptotic spermatogenic cells in vitro. PRPS2 was downregulated in a mouse model of hypospermatogenesis. When PRPS2 expression was knocked down in mouse testes, hypospermatogenesis and accelerated apoptosis of spermatogenic cells were noted. E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) was confirmed as the target gene of PRPS2 and played a key role in cell apoptosis by regulating the P53/Bcl-xl/Bcl-2/Caspase 6/Caspase 9 apoptosis pathway. Therefore, these data indicate that PRPS2 depletion contributes to the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and is associated with hypospermatogenesis, which may be helpful for the diagnosis of male infertility.

4.
Lung ; 197(6): 741-751, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705271

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The value of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) for resected stage IIIA-N2 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is controversial with few studies focusing on whether PORT always plays a part in clinical practice and generates benefits to patients across different time periods. We investigated this issue using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database (SEER) and assessed the temporal trends spanning 27 years. METHODS: Within SEER, we selected stage IIIA-N2 NSCLC patients who underwent a lobectomy or pneumonectomy and coded as receiving PORT or never receiving radiotherapy over three time periods: 1988 to 1996, 1997 to 2005, 2006 to 2014. For each period, survival analyses were performed and propensity score matching (PSM) was used in the potentially beneficial subgroup. RESULTS: 45.4% of 5568 eligible patients received PORT. The yearly PORT use rates varied largely from 27.8% to 74.4%. Overall survival (OS) was distinctly improved over the period. The application of PORT had a significant impact on survival only in period 1 and 3. In subgroup analysis, the OS benefit of PORT was significant in each period in patients with 50% or more lymph node ratio (LNR) both before (hazard ratios, and P values of 0.647, P = .002; 0.804, P = .008; 0.721, P < .001 for period 1, 2, 3, respectively) and after PSM (0.642, P = .006; 0.785, P = .004; 0.748, P = .003 for period 1, 2, 3, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of PORT are lasting and stable throughout the years in patients with LNR of 50% or more. This might provide a clue on proper patient selection for PORT application.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5198138, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737667

RESUMO

Artemisitene (ATT) activates the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) by increasing its stabilization and reducing ubiquitination. The cysteine (Cys) residues of the cytosolic Nrf2 repressor Kelch-like ECH-associated protein-1 (Keap1) function as redox sensors and may be crucial in activating Nrf2. To determine whether ATT-induced Nrf2 activation is dependent on the modification of Keap1 and to elucidate the underlying mechanism, we transfected cell lines with six different Keap1 mutant constructs, each with a Cys (-77, -151, -257, -273, -288, and -297) to Ser substitution. Only the Cys151Ser mutant prevented ATT-mediated activation of Nrf2, indicating that the Cys151 residue of Keap1 likely interacts with ATT and is essential for Nrf2 stabilization and transcription of downstream genes. Our finding provides a pharmacological basis for using artemisitene against oxidative stress-related diseases.

6.
Chem Biodivers ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705573

RESUMO

A facile method was developed for synthesis of boronic acid-functionalized silica nanocomposites (SiO 2 -BA) by "thiol-ene"click reaction, where silica nanoparticles were synthesized by using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and γ-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (γ-MPTS) as precursors. The morphology and structure properties of the resultant SiO 2 -BA were characterized by Transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR),and Brunner-Emmet-Teller measurements  (BET). The adsorption behavior of the SiO 2 -BA for glycoproteins was evaluated. Under the optimized conditions, the SiO 2 -BA exhibited higher adsorption capacity towards glycoproteins (ovalbumin, OVA, (7.64 µmol/g) than non-glycoproteins (bovine serum albumin,BSA, 0.83 µmol/g). In addition, the practicality of the SiO 2 -BA was further assessed by selective enrichment of glycophoproteins from egg white samples.

7.
New Phytol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769506

RESUMO

TaVrn1, encoding a MADS-box transcription factor (TF), is the central regulator of wheat vernalization-induced flowering. Considering that the MADS-box TF usually works by forming hetero or homo dimers, we conducted yeast two hybrid screening and identified an SVP-like MADS-box protein TaVrt2 interacting with TaVrn1. However, the specific function of TaVrt2 and the biological implication of its interaction with TaVrn1 remained unknown. We validated the function of TaVrt2 and TaVrn1 by wheat transgenic experiments and their interaction through multiple protein-binding assays. Population genetic analysis was also used to display their interplay. Transcriptomic sequencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were performed to identify their common targets. TaVrt2 and TaVrn1 are flowering promoters in the vernalization pathway and interact physically in vitro, in planta and in wheat cells. Additionally, TaVrt2 and TaVrn1 were significantly induced in leaves by vernalization, suggesting their spatio-temporal interaction during vernalization. Genetic analysis indicated that TaVrt2 and TaVrn1 had significant epistatic effects on flowering time. Furthermore, native TaVrn1 was up-regulated significantly in TaVrn1-OE (overexpression) and TaVrt2-OE lines. Moreover, TaVrt2 could bind with TaVrn1 promoter directly. A TaVrt2-mediated positive feedback loop of TaVrn1 during vernalization was proposed, providing additional understanding on the regulatory mechanism underlying vernalization-reduced flowering.

8.
Plant Cell ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732704

RESUMO

In eukaryotes, autophagy maintains cellular homeostasis by recycling cytoplasmic components. The autophagy-related proteins (ATGs) ATG1 and ATG13 form a protein kinase complex that regulates autophagosome formation; however, mechanisms regulating ATG1 and ATG13 remain poorly understood. Here, we show that, under different nutrient conditions, the RING-type E3 ligases SINAT1, SINAT2, and SINAT6 control ATG1 and ATG13 stability and autophagy dynamics by modulating ATG13 ubiquitylation in Arabidopsis. During prolonged starvation and recovery, ATG1 and ATG13 were degraded through the 26S proteasome pathway. Tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 1a (TRAF1a) and TRAF1b interacted in planta with ATG13a and ATG13b and required SINAT1 and SINAT2 to ubiquitylate and degrade ATG13s in vivo Moreover, lysines K607 and K609 of ATG13a protein contributed to K48-linked ubiquitylation and destabilization, and suppression of autophagy. Under starvation conditions, SINAT6 competitively interacted with ATG13 and induced autophagosome biogenesis. Furthermore, under starvation conditions, ATG1 promoted TRAF1a protein stability in vivo, suggesting feedback regulation of autophagy. Consistent with ATGs functioning in autophagy, the atg1a atg1b atg1c triple knockout mutants exhibited premature leaf senescence, hypersensitivity to nutrient starvation, and reduction in TRAF1a stability. Therefore, these findings demonstrate that SINAT family proteins facilitate ATG13 ubiquitylation and stability and thus regulate autophagy.

9.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 136, 2019 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an individualized score based on preoperative parameters to predict patient outcomes after vaginal repair of cesarean section diverticulum. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Patients were enrolled between Jun 11, 2012, to May 27, 2016. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to construct the predictive model. Then, we generated a nomogram to assess the individualized risk of poor prognosis after operation. This prediction model included information from 167 eligible patients diagnosed with cesarean section diverticulum who underwent vaginal repair. Class-A healing group was defined as CSD patients who had menstruation duration of no more than 7 days and a thickness of the remaining muscular layer of no less than 5.8 mm after vaginal repair according to conferences. Others were included in the non-class-A healing group. A final nomogram was computed using a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: The factors contained in the individualized prediction nomogram included the depth/ the thickness of the remaining muscular layer ratio, number of menstruation days before surgery, White blood cell and fibrinogen. This model demonstrated adequate discrimination and calibration (C-index = 0.718). There was a significant difference in the number of postmenstrual spotting days (12.98 ± 3.86 VS 14.46 ± 2.86, P = 0.022) and depth/ the thickness of the remaining muscular layer ratio (2.81 ± 1.54 VS 4.00 ± 3.09, P = 0.001) between two groups. Decision curve analysis showed that this nomogram was clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: This cesarean section diverticulum score can predict the outcomes of cesarean section diverticulum and can be useful for counseling patients who are making treatment decisions.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Minocycline is increasingly used clinically for treating infections due to multidrug resistant bacteria. We previously reported that the serum protein binding of minocycline atypically correlated with total concentration using microdialysis, but the therapeutic implications of this finding remained unclear. The objective of this study was to ascertain the functional impact of serum protein binding on bacterial killing. METHODS: Time-kill experiments using 4 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii were conducted comparing the activity of minocycline in mouse serum (50 mg/L) and 50% cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth (CA-MHB) (4 mg/L). As a control, similar experiments were also conducted for a clinically achievable levofloxacin concentration (4 mg/L) in serum and 50% CA-MHB (2 mg/L). Serial samples were collected in duplicate over 6 hours, and bacterial burden was determined by quantitative culture. RESULTS: Minocycline exhibited concentration-dependent bactericidal activity against the reference strain in mouse and human serum. Despite using approximately 10× the peak concentration associated with clinical dosing, only moderate bacterial killing was observed. All the minocycline killing profiles in serum were inferior to those observed in CA-MHB. In contrast, the reduction in bactericidal activity seen with levofloxacin was less dramatic. CONCLUSION: Antimicrobial activity of minocycline was dramatically reduced in the presence of serum, which corroborated with our atypical serum protein binding findings. If validated, these results implied dose escalation might not the best approach to improve the clinical efficacy of minocycline for bacteremia. Future investigations will focus on the specificity and mechanism(s) of minocycline protein binding.

11.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776183

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) and jasmonates (JAs) regulate plant growth, development, and defense responses, but how these phytohormones mediate the growth-defense trade-off is unclear. Here, we identified the Arabidopsis thaliana dwarf at early stages1 (dwe1) mutant, which exhibits enhanced expression of defensin genes PLANT DEFENSIN1.2a (PDF1.2a) and PDF1.2b. The dwe1 mutant showed increased resistance to herbivory by beet armyworms (Spodoptera exigua) and infection by botrytis (Botrytis cinerea). DWE1 encodes ROTUNDIFOLIA3, a cytochrome P-450 protein essential for BR biosynthesis. The JA-inducible transcription of PDF1.2a and PDF1.2b was significantly reduced in the BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1-ETHYL METHANESULFONATE-SUPPRESSOR1 (BES1) gain-of-function mutant bes1-D, which was highly susceptible to S. exigua and B. cinerea. BES1 directly targeted the terminator regions of PDF1.2a/PDF1.2b and suppressed their expression. PDF1.2a overexpression diminished the enhanced susceptibility of bes1-D to B. cinerea, but did not improve resistance of bes1-D to S. exigua. In response to S. exigua herbivory, BES1 inhibited biosynthesis of the JA-induced insect defense-related metabolite indolic glucosinolate by interacting with transcription factors MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN34 (MYB34), MYB51, and MYB122, and suppressing expression of genes encoding CYTOCHROME P450 FAMILY79 SUBFAMILY B POLYPEPTIDE3 (CYP79B3) and UDP-GLUCOSYL TRANSFERASE 74B1 (UGT74B1). Thus, BR contributes to the growth-defense trade-off by suppressing expression of defensin and glucosinolate biosynthesis genes.

12.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(10): 983-986, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the level of circulating Alarin in obese children and its association with various metabolic parameters. METHODS: A total of 86 obese children with a body mass index (BMI) above the 95th percentile were enrolled as the obesity group, and 82 healthy children, matched for age and sex, with a BMI below the 85th percentile were enrolled as the healthy control group. According to the presence or absence of insulin resistance (IR), the obesity group was further divided into an IR group with 27 children and a non-IR group with 59 children. Related anthropometric parameters, including body height, body weight, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), were measured, and BMI was calculated. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), uric acid (UA), fasting insulin (FINS), and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were measured. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for glucose and insulin, Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and whole-body insulin sensitivity index (WBISI) were calculated. ELISA was used to measure the level of circulating Alarin. RESULTS: The obesity group had a significantly higher level of circulating Alarin than the healthy control group (P<0.01). The IR group had a significantly higher level of circulating Alarin than the non-IR group (P<0.01). Circulating Alarin was positively correlated with BMI, TG, FBG, AUC-glucose, AUC-FINS, and HOMA-IR (P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with WBISI (P<0.05). The circulating Alarin level had a linear regression relationship with BMI, FBG, and HOMA-IR, among which HOMA-IR had the greatest influence on the circulating Alarin level (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant increase in the circulating Alarin level in obese children, which may be associated with the development of obesity and IR.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Obesidade , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Peptídeo Semelhante a Galanina , Humanos , Insulina
13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1596-1601, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain the recombinant protein of spacer domain in von Willebrand factor cleaving protease (ADAMTS13), and further study its biological function in ADAMTS13. METHODS: The prokaryotic expression vector was constructed by using the template of plasmid with full-length ADAMTS13, and then transfected into E coli., following the induction of IPTG with the low temperature (30 ℃). The recombinant protein was purified with Ni-NTA agarose column by gradient imidazole. The purity and immune activity of purified products were identified with SDS-PAGE and Western blot respectively. By Adding the recombinant protein to the plasma of immune-mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) patients, the activity of ADAMTS13 was tested. RESULTS: The prokaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed and the protein of spacer domain with the high purity was obtained. Western blot showed that the recombinant fragment could both react with monoclonal antibody against 6×His and polyclonal sheep IgG against ADAMTS13 (Gln34-Trp688). The protein formed a main lane at the position of 15 kDa with SDS-PAGE. It was demonstrated that the recombinant protein could efficiently elevate the ADAMTS13 activity in plasma of iTTP patients to reach normal level by functional experiment. CONCLUSION: The recombinant protein has high purity and immune activity, which provides the experimental basis for further research on mechanism of iTTP involved in spacer domain.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica , Proteínas ADAM , Proteína ADAMTS13 , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes , Ovinos , Fator de von Willebrand
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623455

RESUMO

WNT16 is one of the 19 members of the human Wnt gene family, and it plays a positive role in lymphocyte proliferation. We investigated the possible association of WNT16 rs3801385 and rs2707466 with the CD4+ T cell count among the HIV-infected population in Guangxi, China. A total of 93 HIV-1-infected patients aged 20-75 years were separated into a CD4+ T cell count ≥ 200/mm3 group (60 cases) and a < 200/mm3 group (33 cases), and 76 healthy subjects were selected as the control group. All patients have not received any antiretroviral treatment. Direct sequencing was used to detect two functional WNT16 polymorphisms. After adjusting for age and gender, our results showed that rs2707466 A alleles and combined GA+AA genotypes were associated with a CD4+ T cell count maintained above 200 /mm3 in the context of HIV infections compared to the control group (OR = 2.22, 95% CI 1.10 - 4.48, p = 0.026, and OR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.03 - 5.29, p = 0.044, respectively). When stratified by viral load, this positive association was significantly strengthened in the viral load group of less than 20 copies/ml. In contrast, there was no significant difference in any genotype and allele of rs3801385 between the patients and healthy controls. In conclusion, the results suggest that the rs2707466 A allele may have a positive effect on maintaining the CD4+ T cell count in HIV-infected individuals.

15.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595698

RESUMO

In plants, submergence from flooding causes hypoxia, which impairs energy production and affects plant growth, productivity, and survival. In Arabidopsis, hypoxia induces nuclear localization of the group VII ethylene-responsive transcription factor RELATED TO AP2.12 (RAP2.12), following its dissociation from the plasma membrane-anchored ACYL-COA-BINDING PROTEIN1 (ACBP1) and ACBP2. Here, we show that polyunsaturated linolenoyl-CoA (18:3-CoA) regulates RAP2.12 release from the plasma membrane. Submergence caused a significant increase in 18:3-CoA, but a significant decrease in 18:0-, 18:1-, and 18:2-CoA. Application of 18:3-CoA promoted nuclear accumulation of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusions RAP2.12-GFP, HYPOXIA-RESPONSIVE ERF1-GFP, and RAP2.3-GFP, and enhanced transcript levels of hypoxia-responsive genes. Plants with decreased ACBP1 and ACBP2 (acbp1 ACBP2-RNAi, produced by ACBP2 RNA interference in the acbp1 mutant) had reduced tolerance to hypoxia and impaired 18:3-CoA-induced expression of hypoxia-related genes. In knockout mutants and overexpression lines of LONG-CHAIN ACYL-COA SYNTHASE2 (LACS2) and FATTY ACID DESATURASE 3 (FAD3), the acyl-CoA pool size and 18:3-CoA levels were closely related to ERF-VII-mediated signaling and hypoxia tolerance. These findings demonstrate that polyunsaturation of long-chain acyl-CoAs functions as important mechanism in the regulation of plant hypoxia signaling, by modulating ACBP-ERF-VII dynamics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(10): e8845, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576907

RESUMO

Regucalcin is a soluble protein that is principally expressed in hepatocytes. Studies of regucalcin have mainly been conducted in animals due to a lack of commercially available kits. We aimed to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify serum regucalcin in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related disease. High-titer monoclonal antibodies and a polyclonal antibody to regucalcin were produced, a double-antibody sandwich ELISA method was established, and serum regucalcin was determined in 47 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, 91 HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients, and 33 healthy controls. The ELISA demonstrated an appropriate linear range, and high levels of reproducibility, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and stability. The median serum regucalcin concentrations in HBV-ACLF and CHB patients were 5.46 and 3.76 ng/mL, respectively (P<0.01), which were much higher than in healthy controls (1.72 ng/mL, both P<0.01). For the differentiation of CHB patients and healthy controls, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.86 with a cut-off of 2.42 ng/mL, 85.7% sensitivity, and 78.8% specificity. In contrast, the AUC of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was lower (AUC=0.80, P=0.01). To differentiate ACLF from CHB, the AUC was 0.72 with a cut-off of 4.26 ng/mL, 77.0% sensitivity, and 61.2% specificity while the AUC of ALT was 0.41 (P=0.07). Thus, we have developed an ELISA that is suitable for measuring serum regucalcin and have shown that serum regucalcin increased with the severity of liver injury due to HBV-related diseases, such that it appears to be more useful than ALT as a marker of liver injury.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal/virologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17231, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574833

RESUMO

Plasma levels of soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) have been reported to be an independent prognostic factor in many malignant tumors. The expression of sPD-L1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of sPD-L1 and analyze its correlation with clinical characteristics in patients with NPC.Thirty-five patients with stage I-IVa NPC were included. Plasma samples were obtained pretreatment. The sPD-L1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlations of sPD-L1 expression with clinical parameters and laboratory data were analyzed.sPD-L1 was detected in 35 plasma samples, the mean sPD-L1 concentration was 45.47 pg/ml. sPD-L1 was significantly higher in stage III-IVa (50.76 ±â€Š28.15 pg/ml) compared to stage I-II (19.87 ±â€Š11.38 pg/ml) (t = 2.618, P = .013). sPD-L1 was also higher in stage N2-3 (52.03 ±â€Š28.98 pg/ml) than that in N0-1 (32.88 ±â€Š23.75 pg/ml) (t = 2.096, P = .046). Univariate analysis identified that sPD-L1 level positively correlated with clinical stage (r = 0.495, P = .002) and N stage (r = 0.34, P = .046). Multivariate analysis showed the clinical stage was an independent factor affecting sPD-L1 expression.This is the first report to detect sPD-L1 in NPC. The study indicated sPD-L1 is quantifiable, convenient and easy to obtain. sPD-L1 may serve as a useful biomarker for evaluating tumor progression and therapeutic efficacy of NPC.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Chembiochem ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609052

RESUMO

Methionine has been recognized as an ideal target for labeling proteins without disturbing their tasks. However, exploration in single post-transcriptional modification of methionine is sluggish. In this Highlight, we summarize some of the most exciting reports on the precise control of protein function by selectively modifying methionine residues.

19.
Biochemistry ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603665

RESUMO

The α-ketoglutarate-dependent (AlkB) superfamily of FeII/2-oxoglutarate (2-OG)-dependent dioxygenases consists of a unique class of nucleic acid repair enzymes that reversibly remove alkyl substituents from nucleobases through oxidative dealkylation. Recent studies have verified the involvement of AlkB dioxygenases in a variety of human diseases. However, the development of small organic molecules that can function as enzyme inhibitors to block the action of oxidative dealkylation is still in its infancy. These purposeful chemical motifs, if capable of influencing the dealkylation activity, would have a potential clinical value by controlling genetic information expression. In this Perspective, we will summarize some of the most updated inhibitors of AlkB family demethylases and hope to provide a thought for the follow-up screening optimization.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15347, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653911

RESUMO

While tuberculosis (TB) in pregnant women is reported globally, clinical data is unavailable in China. To describe clinical features and identify difficulties in the diagnosis of pregnancy-related TB, we performed a retrospective study of 28 TB inpatients at Beijing Chest Hospital. The results were presented in terms of interquartile range (IQR) for age, and medians and percentages with respect to the categorical variables. One patient (3.6%) was immediately diagnosed; for 27 patients (96.4%), the median interval from the initial onset of symptoms to diagnosis was five weeks. Eight cases (28.6%) were microbiologically confirmed. 22 (78.6%) were pulmonary TB (PTB), while six (21.4%) were extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). In addition, eight (28.6%) were miliary TB and six (21.4%) were cerebral TB. 27 (96.4%) were cured and one (3.6%) died. 15 neonates were identified, nine of which were healthy. Two were small for the gestational age (SGA) and one was a stillbirth. Three had neonatal TB, one of which died. Nine were legal abortions and four were spontaneous abortions. Indeed, there was a substantial delay in the diagnosis of TB in the pregnant women and a high incidence of both miliary and cerebral TB was evident. With timely treatment, prognosis is positive.

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