Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 680
Filtrar
1.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637254

RESUMO

The peri-implant soft tissue with inferior adhesion takes a long healing period to form, which is undesirable for the reaction around the peri-implant soft tissues. The aim of this study is to improve the physicochemical properties of titanium (Ti) and zirconia (ZrO2) implant abutments and shorten the formation period of periabutment epithelium tissue. A nonthermal atmospheric plasma brush (NTAPB, N) was employed for Ti and ZrO2 activation. The surface topographies, roughness, crystallinity, wettability, and chemical elements of the abutment materials were examined. The epithelial cell behavior analysis and tissue remodeling of the periabutment epithelial tissue were performed in vitro and in vivo. N-Ti and N-ZrO2 had a similar good surface wettability, with a 65 and 70% increase in oxygen content and a 70 and 75% decrease in carbon content, respectively. Both N-Ti and N-ZrO2 showed excellent adhesion, spread, and proliferation of epithelial cells in vitro, with improved adhesion molecule expression levels compared to untreated samples. N-Ti and N-ZrO2 abutments were placed in the implantation sites of rats. From week 2 to week 6 after implantation, N-Ti and N-ZrO2 had similar periabutment epithelium tissue formation, and both had increased plectin-positive and laminin γ2-positive cell numbers compared to Ti and ZrO2. The NTAPB shows promising abutment modification abilities. It promotes the expression levels of adhesion molecules and the epithelial cell performance, which later leads to a quicker formation and remodeling of the important periabutment epithelial tissue.

2.
Nature ; 598(7879): 174-181, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616072

RESUMO

Dendritic and axonal morphology reflects the input and output of neurons and is a defining feature of neuronal types1,2, yet our knowledge of its diversity remains limited. Here, to systematically examine complete single-neuron morphologies on a brain-wide scale, we established a pipeline encompassing sparse labelling, whole-brain imaging, reconstruction, registration and analysis. We fully reconstructed 1,741 neurons from cortex, claustrum, thalamus, striatum and other brain regions in mice. We identified 11 major projection neuron types with distinct morphological features and corresponding transcriptomic identities. Extensive projectional diversity was found within each of these major types, on the basis of which some types were clustered into more refined subtypes. This diversity follows a set of generalizable principles that govern long-range axonal projections at different levels, including molecular correspondence, divergent or convergent projection, axon termination pattern, regional specificity, topography, and individual cell variability. Although clear concordance with transcriptomic profiles is evident at the level of major projection type, fine-grained morphological diversity often does not readily correlate with transcriptomic subtypes derived from unsupervised clustering, highlighting the need for single-cell cross-modality studies. Overall, our study demonstrates the crucial need for quantitative description of complete single-cell anatomy in cell-type classification, as single-cell morphological diversity reveals a plethora of ways in which different cell types and their individual members may contribute to the configuration and function of their respective circuits.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Available evidence on the comparative efficacy and acceptability of psychotherapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare and rank the different types and formats of psychotherapies for PTSD in children and adolescents. METHODS: We searched eight databases and other international registers up to 31 December 2020. The pairwise meta-analyses and frequentist network meta-analyses estimated pooled standardised mean differences (SMDs) and ORs with random-effects model. Efficacy at post-treatment and follow-up, acceptability, depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured. FINDINGS: We included 56 randomised controlled trials with 5327 patients comparing 14 different types of psychotherapies and 3 control conditions. For efficacy, cognitive processing therapy (CPT), behavioural therapy (BT), individual trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (TF-CBT), eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, and group TF-CBT were significantly superior to all control conditions at post-treatment and follow-up (SMDs between -2.42 and -0.25). Moreover, CPT, BT and individual TF-CBT were more effective than supportive therapy (SMDs between -1.92 and -0.49). Results for depressive and anxiety symptoms were similar to the findings for the primary outcome. Most of the results were rated as 'moderate' to 'very low' in terms of confidence of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: CPT, BT and individual TF-CBT appear to be the best choices of psychotherapy for PTSD in young patients. Other types and different ways of delivering psychological treatment can be alternative options. Clinicians should consider the importance of each outcome and the patients' preferences in real clinical practice.

4.
Bipolar Disord ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, functional homotopy (FH) architecture, defined as robust functional connectivity (FC) between homotopic regions, has been frequently reported to be altered in MDD patients (MDDs) but with divergent locations. METHODS: In this study, we obtained resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) data from 1004 MDDs (mean age, 33.88 years; age range, 18-60 years) and 898 matched healthy controls (HCs) from an aggregated dataset from 20 centers in China. We focused on interhemispheric function integration in MDDs and its correlation with clinical characteristics using voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) devised to inquire about FH patterns. RESULTS: As compared with HCs, MDDs showed decreased VMHC in visual, motor, somatosensory, limbic, angular gyrus, and cerebellum, particularly in posterior cingulate gyrus/precuneus (PCC/PCu) (false discovery rate [FDR] q < .002, z =-7.07). Further analysis observed that the reduction in SMG and insula was more prominent with age, of which SMG reflected such age-related change in males instead of females. Besides, the reduction of MTG was found to be a male-special abnormal pattern in MDDs. VMHC alterations were markedly related to episode type and illness severity. The higher Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score, the more apparent VMHC reduction in the primary visual cortex. First-episode MDDs revealed stronger VMHC reduction in PCu relative to recurrent MDDs. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed a significant VMHC reduction in MDDs in broad areas, especially in PCC/PCu. This reduction was affected by gender, age, episode type, and illness severity. These findings suggest that the depressive brain tends to disconnect information exchange across hemispheres.

5.
J Neuroimaging ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore the application value and clinical significance of transcranial Doppler(TCD)in assessing leptomeningeal collateral flow (LMF) status in patients with unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. METHODS: Medical records of patients with unilateral MCA occlusion confirmed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into three groups according to LMF status, and the laboratory and imaging results were collected. Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) of MCA, anterior cerebral artery (ACA), and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) on the affected side (ipsilateral, i) and the healthy side (contralateral, c) were measured and recorded by TCD. The results of CBFV changes detected by TCD were compared with those of DSA, and the correlation between CBFV changes and LMF status was analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-four patients with unilateral MCA occlusion were included. CBFViACA and CBFViPCA were significantly faster than CBFVcACA and CBFVcPCA in patients with good LMF status (p<.05). There was a significant positive correlation between CBFViACA and LMF status (r = 0.697, p<.001). There was statistical significance in receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of CBFViACA and CBFViPCA (p<.05). The area under the curve of CBFViACA and CBFViPCA, respectively, was 0.879 and 0.678, and the best cutoff value was 82 and 60.5 cm/s. CONCLUSIONS: TCD can assess LMF status by detecting the changes of flow velocity of intracranial vessels. CBFV of ACA and PCA in patients with MCA occlusion is significantly correlated with LMF status by DSA. Assessing LMF status, CBFViACA, CBFViACA/CBFVcACA, and CBFViACA/CBFViMCA has the great diagnostic value, which is of great significance in guiding MCA occlusion patients to choose individualized treatment.

6.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 697640, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595128

RESUMO

Current antidepressants do not confer a clear advantage in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). Accumulating evidence highlights the potential antidepressant-like effects of inosine on adult MDD, and gut microbiomes are significantly associated with MDD via the microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, few studies have investigated possible associations between inosine and gut microbiota in adolescents with MDD. The current study investigated the potential antidepressant effects of inosine in adolescent male C57BL/6 mice. After 4 weeks of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) stimulation, the mice were assessed by body weight, the sucrose preference test (SPT), open field test, and the elevated plus maze (EPM). The microbiota compositions of feces were determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Inosine significantly improved CUMS-induced depressive and anxiety-like behaviors in adolescent mice including SPT and EPM results. Fecal microbial composition differed in the CON+saline, CUMS+saline, and CUMS+inosine groups, which were characterized by 126 discriminative amplicon sequence variants belonging to Bacteroidetes and Firmicute at the phylum level and Muribaculaceae and Lachnospiraceae at the family level. Muribaculaceae was positively associated with depressive and anxiety-like behaviors. KEGG functional analysis suggested that inosine might affect gut microbiota through carbohydrate metabolism and lipid metabolism pathways. The results of the study indicated that inosine improved depressive and anxiety-like behaviors in adolescent mice, in conjunction with the alteration of fecal microbial composition. Our findings may provide a novel perspective on the antidepressant effects of inosine in children and adolescents.

7.
Nature ; 598(7879): 159-166, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616071

RESUMO

An essential step toward understanding brain function is to establish a structural framework with cellular resolution on which multi-scale datasets spanning molecules, cells, circuits and systems can be integrated and interpreted1. Here, as part of the collaborative Brain Initiative Cell Census Network (BICCN), we derive a comprehensive cell type-based anatomical description of one exemplar brain structure, the mouse primary motor cortex, upper limb area (MOp-ul). Using genetic and viral labelling, barcoded anatomy resolved by sequencing, single-neuron reconstruction, whole-brain imaging and cloud-based neuroinformatics tools, we delineated the MOp-ul in 3D and refined its sublaminar organization. We defined around two dozen projection neuron types in the MOp-ul and derived an input-output wiring diagram, which will facilitate future analyses of motor control circuitry across molecular, cellular and system levels. This work provides a roadmap towards a comprehensive cellular-resolution description of mammalian brain architecture.

8.
Toxicon ; 203: 51-57, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626597

RESUMO

The removal of patulin in phosphoric acid buffer solution by cysteine was investigated. Cysteine could effectively decrease the patulin concentration at high acidic condition (pH 3.0-5.0) with the help of high temperature greater than 90 °C. Three removal mechanisms of patulin by cysteine under high acidic and high temperature conditions were deduced. Reaction temperature, pH of reactive media, molar ratio between cysteine and patulin, and reaction time were all the obvious factors influencing the removal efficiency of patulin, and the increase of any one factor could significantly improve the removal efficiency of patulin. The removal process of patulin could be simulated by the zero-order kinetic model, logarithmic model, and pseudo-first-order kinetic model, respectively, and the corresponding correlation coefficients (R2) were all greater than 0.90. Presently, this method can only be applied for the removal of patulin in contaminated water from washing fruits in juice processing industry due to the high treatment temperature more than 120 °C and the long detoxification time greater than 1 h.

9.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536195

RESUMO

Neurobrucellosis is a serious central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory disorder caused by Brucella, and outer membrane protein-31 (Omp31) plays an important role in Brucella infection. This study aims to determine whether Omp31 can induce autophagy in BV-2 microglia. Another goal of the study is to further examine the effect of autophagy on the nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) p65 signaling pathway. We observed that Omp31 stimulated autophagy by increasing microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B-II) levels and inducing autophagosome formation at 6 h and 12 h. Concomitantly, Omp31 induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in a time-dependent manner but reduced the expression of TNF-α at 6 h. We utilized Omp31 with or without rapamycin or 3-methyladenine (3-MA) to treat BV-2 microglia, and it demonstrated further that Omp31 induced autophagy by promoting LC3B-II, Beclin-1 proteins expression and inhibiting the p62 protein levels. Furthermore, we explored the effects of autophagy on the NF-κB p65 pathway through western blot analysis, RT-qPCR assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunofluorescence. The data suggest that Omp31 as well as rapamycin, the autophagy inducer, can decrease TNF-α levels through the inhibition of the NF-κB p65 signaling pathway. Taken together, Omp31 can function as a catalyst in both autophagy induction and NF-κB p65 signal inhibition. Furthermore, Omp31-induced autophagy may inhibit the expression of TNF-α by negatively regulating NF-κB p65 signaling pathway.

10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6249509, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552686

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between early perihematomal edema (PHE) expansion and functional outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: Patients with ICH who underwent initial computed tomography (CT) scans within 6 hours after the onset of symptoms and follow-up CT scans within 24 ± 12 hours were included. Absolute PHE increase was defined as the absolute increase in PHE volume from baseline to 24 hours. A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to determine the cutoff value for early PHE expansion, which was operationally defined as an absolute increase in PHE volume of >6 mL. The outcome of interest was 3-month poor outcome defined as modified Rankin scale score of ≥4. A multivariable logistic regression procedure was used to assess the association between early PHE expansion and outcome after ICH. Results: In 233 patients with ICH, 89 (38.2%) patients had poor outcome at 3-month follow-up. Early PHE expansion was observed in 56 of 233 (24.0%) patients. Patients with early PHE expansion were more likely to have poor functional outcome than those without (43.8% vs. 11.8%, p < 0.001). After adjusting for age, admission systolic blood pressure, admission Glasgow Coma Scale score, baseline ICH volume and the presence of intraventricular hemorrhage, and time from onset to CT, early PHE expansion was associated with poor outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 4.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.70-10.60; p = 0.002). Conclusions: The early PHE expansion was not uncommon in patients with ICH and was correlated with poor outcome following ICH.

11.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(9)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564666

RESUMO

The thermal stability and degradation kinetics of patulin (PAT, 10 µmol/L) in pH 3.5 of phosphoric-citric acid buffer solutions in the absence and presence of cysteine (CYS, 30 µmol/L) were investigated at temperatures ranging from 90 to 150 °C. The zero-, first-, and second-order models and the Weibull model were used to fit the degradation process of patulin. Both the first-order kinetic model and Weibull model better described the degradation of patulin in the presence of cysteine while it was complexed to simulate them in the absence of cysteine with various models at different temperatures based on the correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.90). At the same reaction time, cysteine and temperature significantly affected the degradation efficiency of patulin in highly acidic conditions (p < 0.01). The rate constants (kT) for patulin degradation with cysteine (0.0036-0.3200 µg/L·min) were far more than those of treatments without cysteine (0.0012-0.1614 µg/L·min), and the activation energy (Ea = 43.89 kJ/mol) was far less than that of treatment without cysteine (61.74 kJ/mol). Increasing temperature could obviously improve the degradation efficiency of patulin, regardless of the presence of cysteine. Thus, both cysteine and high temperature decreased the stability of patulin in highly acidic conditions and improved its degradation efficiency, which could be applied to guide the detoxification of patulin by cysteine in the juice processing industry.

12.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(11): 3996-4003, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522978

RESUMO

Marine phycosphere hosts cross-kingdom algae-bacteria interactions playing a variety of crucial roles in aquatic ecosystems especially for the prevention and control of harmful algal blooms (HABs). During the investigation of structural composition of phycosphere microbiota (PM) of diverse marine HAB dinoflagellates, a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium designated LZ-17T was isolated from the phycosphere of highly toxic Alexandrium catenella LZT09. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on five protein-coding housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, mutL, topA and rpoD) indicated that strain LZ-17T was affiliated to the genus Maritimibacter within the family Rhodobacteraceae, and closely related to Maritimibacter alkaliphilus HTCC2654T (99.1%), 'Maritimibacter harenae' DP07T (97.9%) and M. lacisalsi X12M-4T (95.7%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain LZ-17T and the type strain of M. alkaliphilus were 96.9% and 74.7%. However, strain LZ-17T could be clearly distinguished from its closest by the phenotypical and phenotypical characteristics. Strain LZ-17T contained Q-10 as its major isoprenoid quinone, and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c), C16:0 and C16:0 2-OH as the predominant fatty acids (>10%). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA G + C content was 64.3 mol%. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic characterization, strain LZ-17T represents a novel species of the genus Maritimibacter, for which the name Maritimibacter alexandrii sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain LZ-17T (=CCTCC 2019005T = KCTC 72193T).


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados , Microbiota , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478872

RESUMO

We and others have shown that MPM (micropeptide in mitochondria) regulates myogenic differentiation and muscle development. However, the roles of MPM in cancer development remain unknown. Here we revealed that MPM was downregulated significantly in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and its decrease was associated with increased metastasis potential and HCC recurrence. Gain- and loss-of-function investigations disclosed that in vitro migration/invasion and in vivo liver/lung metastasis of hepatoma cells were repressed by restoring MPM expression and increased by silencing MPM. Mechanism investigations revealed that MPM interacted with NDUFA7. Mitochondrial complex I activity was inhibited by overexpressing MPM and enhanced by siMPM, and this effect of siMPM was attenuated by knocking down NDUFA7. The NAD+/NADH ratio, which was regulated by complex I, was reduced by MPM but increased by siMPM. Treatment with the NAD+ precursor nicotinamide abrogated the inhibitory effect of MPM on hepatoma cell migration. Further investigations showed that miR-17-5p bound to MPM and inhibited MPM expression. miR-17-5p upregulation was associated with MPM downregulation in HCC tissues. These findings indicate that a decrease in MPM expression may promote hepatoma metastasis by increasing mitochondrial complex I activity and the NAD+/NADH ratio.

14.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471249

RESUMO

Extensive research has been carried out on the metabolomic changes in animal models of depression; however, there is no general agreement about which metabolites exhibit constant changes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify consistently altered metabolites in large-scale metabolomics studies of depression models. We performed vote counting analyses to identify consistently upregulated or downregulated metabolites in the brain, blood, and urine of animal models of depression based on 3743 differential metabolites from 241 animal metabolomics studies. We found that serotonin, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, norepinephrine, N-acetyl-L-aspartic acid, anandamide, and tryptophan were downregulated in the brain, while kynurenine, myo-inositol, hydroxykynurenine, and the kynurenine to tryptophan ratio were upregulated. Regarding blood metabolites, tryptophan, leucine, tyrosine, valine, trimethylamine N-oxide, proline, oleamide, pyruvic acid, and serotonin were downregulated, while N-acetyl glycoprotein, corticosterone, and glutamine were upregulated. Moreover, citric acid, oxoglutaric acid, proline, tryptophan, creatine, betaine, L-dopa, palmitic acid, and pimelic acid were downregulated, and hippuric acid was upregulated in urine. We also identified consistently altered metabolites in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, serum, and plasma. These findings suggested that metabolomic changes in depression models are characterized by decreased neurotransmitter and increased kynurenine metabolite levels in the brain, decreased amino acid and increased corticosterone levels in blood, and imbalanced energy metabolism and microbial metabolites in urine. This study contributes to existing knowledge of metabolomic changes in depression and revealed that the reproducibility of candidate metabolites was inadequate in previous studies.

15.
Biol Psychol ; 165: 108192, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555480

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that structural and functional abnormalities in hippocampal formation are linked to major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) of hippocampal subfields in MDD remains unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the RSFC of hippocampal subfields in a large sample of MDD patients. The results revealed that patients with MDD showed lower RSFC between the right anterior hippocampus and the insula, and the RSFC was inversely correlated with anxiety symptoms of depression. Depressed patients also showed decreased RSFC between the bilateral intermediate hippocampus and left nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and the hippocampus-NAcc circuit was negatively correlated with core symptoms of depression. The functional connectivity between the right anterior hippocampus and left postcentral gyrus increased with ageing in MDD patients compared with healthy controls. These findings suggest that the functional network of hippocampal subfields may underlie anxiety and core depression symptoms.

16.
Small ; 17(38): e2103837, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418276

RESUMO

The computing based on artificial neuron network is expected to break through the von Neumann bottleneck of traditional computer, and to greatly improve the computing efficiency, displaying a broad prospect in the application of artificial visual system. In the specific structural layout, it is a common method to connect the discrete photodetector with the artificial neuron in series, which enhances the complexity of signal recognition, conversion and storage. In this work, organic small molecule IR-780 iodide is inserted into the memory device as both the charge trapping layer and near-infrared (NIR) photoresponsive film. Through electrical and optical regulation, artificial synaptic functions including short-term plasticity, long-term plasticity, and spike rate dependence are realized. In the established artificial sensory neuron system, NIR optical pulses can significantly improve the spiking rate. Moreover, the spiking neural networks are further constructed by simulation for handwritten digit classification. This research may contribute to the development of light driven neural robots, optical signal encryption, and neural computing.

17.
Mar Drugs ; 19(8)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436297

RESUMO

A new versatile actinobacterium designated as strain NJES-13 was isolated from the feces of the Antarctic emperor penguin. This new isolate was found to produce two active gephyromycin analogues and bioflocculanting exopolysaccharides (EPS) metabolites. Phylogenetic analysis based on pairwise comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain NJES-13 was closely related to Mobilicoccus pelagius Aji5-31T with a gene similarity of 95.9%, which was lower than the threshold value (98.65%) for novel species delineation. Additional phylogenomic calculations of the average nucleotide identity (ANI, 75.9-79.1%), average amino acid identity (AAI, 52.4-66.9%) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH, 18.6-21.9%), along with the constructed phylogenomic tree based on the up-to-date bacterial core gene (UBCG) set from the bacterial genomes, unequivocally separated strain NJES-13 from its close relatives within the family Dermatophilaceae. Hence, it clearly indicated that strain NJES-13 represented a putative new actinobacterial species isolated from the gut microbiota of mammals inhabiting the Antarctic. The obtained complete genome of strain NJES-13 consisted of a circular 3.45 Mb chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 67.0 mol%. Furthering genome mining of strain NJES-13 showed the presence of five biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) including one type III PKS responsible for the biosynthesis of the core of gephyromycins, and a series of genes encoding for bacterial EPS biosynthesis. Thus, based on the combined phylogenetic and active metabolites characterization presented in this study, we confidently conclude that strain NJES-13 is a novel, fresh actinobacterial candidate to produce active gephyromycins and microbial bioflocculanting EPS, with potential pharmaceutical, environmental and biotechnological implications.

18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 281: 114506, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371113

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lung cancer is the chief reason of cancer death worldwide, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) make up the majority of lung cancers. Gypenosides are the main active constituents from Gynostemma pentaphyllum. Previous studies showed that they were used to remedy many cancers. The effect of gypenosides on NSCLC has never been studied from the perspective of network pharmacology and metabolomics. The mechanism is still not clear and remains to be explored. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the anti-NSCLC activity and mechanism of gypenosides in A549 cells. MATERIAL/METHODS: Gypenosides of G. pentaphyllum were detected by HPLC-MS. The cytotoxicity was detected by MTT assay. The migration, cell cycle and apoptosis of gypenosides were studied by wound healing assay, JC-1 assay and flow cytometry. The mechanism of gypenosides on NSCLC was studied by metabolomics and network pharmacology. Some key proteins and pathways were further confirmed by Western blot. RESULTS: Eleven gypenosides were detected by HPLC-MS. Gypenosides could suppress the proliferation of A549 cells, inhibit the migration of A549 cells, induce apoptosis and arrest cell cycle in G0/G1 phase. Metabolomics and network pharmacology approach revealed that gypenosides might affect 17 metabolite related proteins by acting on 9 candidate targets (STAT3, VEGFA, EGFR, MMP9, IL2, TYMS, FGF2, HPSE, LGALS3), thus resulting in the changes of two metabolites (uridine 5'-monophosphate, D-4'-Phosphopantothenate) and two metabolic pathways (pyrimidine metabolism; pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis). Western blotting indicated that gypenosides might inhibit A549 cells through MMP9, STAT3 and TYMS to indirectly affect the pathways of pyrimidine metabolism, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that metabolomics combined with network pharmacology was conducive to understand the anti-NSCLC mechanism of gypenosides.

19.
J Med Virol ; 93(11): 6163-6171, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260072

RESUMO

Borna disease virus (BoDV-1) can infect the hippocampus and limbic lobes of newborn rodents, causing cognitive deficits and abnormal behavior. Studies have found that neuroinflammation caused by viral infection in early life can affect brain development and impair learning and memory function, revealing the important role of neuroinflammation in cognitive impairment caused by viral infection. However, there is no research to explore the pathogenic mechanism of BoDV-1 in cognition from the direction of neuroinflammation. We established a BoDV-1 infection model in rats, and tested the learning and memory impairment by Morris water maze (MWM) experiment. RNAseq was introduced to detect changes in the gene expression profile of BoDV-1 infection, focusing on inflammation factors and related signaling pathways. BoDV-1 infection impairs the learning and memory of Sprague-Dawley rats in the MWM test and increases the expression of inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus. RNAseq analysis found 986 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 845 genes were upregulated and 141 genes were downregulated, and 28 genes were found to be enriched in the toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway. The expression of TLR4, MyD88, and IRF5 in the hippocampus was significantly changed in the BoDV-1 group. Our results indicate that BoDV-1 infection stimulates TLR4/MyD88/IRF5 pathway activation, causing the release of downstream inflammatory factors, which leads to neuroinflammation in rats. Neuroinflammation may play a significant role in learning and memory impairment caused by BoDV-1 infection.

20.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 3900-3911, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288810

RESUMO

In vertebrates, 5'-Hoxd genes (Hoxd9), which are expressed in the hindlimb bud mesenchyme, participate in limb growth and patterning in early embryonic development. In the present study, We investigated the mechanisms by which ATRA regulates cultured E12.5 rat embryo hindlimb bud mesenchymal cells (rEHBMCs). Following exposure to ATRA over 24 h, mRNA and protein expression levels of HoxD9 were evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), and western blotting. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis. ATRA inhibited the condensation and proliferation, and promoted the apoptosis rate of the rEHBMCs in a dose-dependent manner. Sox9 and Col2a1 in rEHBMCs were downregulated by ATRA in a dose-dependent manner at both mRNA and protein levels. Similarly, HoxD9 was downregulated by ATRA in a dose-dependent manner, in parallel with the cartilage-specific molecules Sox9 and Col2a1. Both qPCR and western blotting showed that both Shh and Gli3 were downregulated. Overexpression of HoxD9 reversed the effects of ATRA. These results demonstrate that ATRA suppresses chondrogenesis in rEHBMCs by inhibiting the expression of HoxD9 and its downstream protein targets, including Sox9 and Col2a1. This effect may also be correlated with inhibition of the Shh-Gli3 signaling pathway.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...