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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 12-26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892842

RESUMO

Adverse cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with extremely high mortality rates worldwide. Although optimized medical therapy, Preservation of lusitropic and inotropic function and protection against adverse remodeling in ventricular structure remain relatively frequent. This study demonstrated that Andrographolide (Andr) significantly ameliorated adverse cardiac remodeling induced by myocardial infarction and improves contractile function in mice with LAD ligation compared with the control group. Briefly, Andr markedly attenuated cardiac fibrosis and relieved inflammation after myocardial infarction. Specifically, Andr significantly blocked oxidative stress and the nuclear translocation of p-P65 following myocardial infarction. At the mechanistic level, antioxidant effect of Andr was achieved through strengthening antioxidative stress capacity and attributed to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling. Consistently, H9C2 administrated with Andr showed a decreased oxidative stress caused by hypoxia precondition, but treatment with specific Nrf2 inhibitor (ML385) or the silence of Nrf2 blunted the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling and removed the protective effects of Andr in vitro. Thus, we suggest that Andr alleviates adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction through enhancing Nrf2 signaling pathway.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 7536803, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781348

RESUMO

Zileuton has been demonstrated to be an anti-inflammatory agent due to its well-known ability to inhibit 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). However, the effects of zileuton on cardiac remodeling are unclear. In this study, the effects of zileuton on pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling were investigated and the possible mechanisms were examined. Aortic banding was performed on mice to induce a cardiac remodeling model, and the mice were then treated with zileuton 1 week after surgery. We also stimulated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with phenylephrine (PE) and then treated them with zileuton. Our data indicated that zileuton protected mice from pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and oxidative stress. Zileuton also attenuated PE-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, we found that zileuton activated PPARα, but not PPARγ or PPARθ, thus inducing Keap and NRF2 activation. This was confirmed with the PPARα inhibitor GW7647 and NRF2 siRNA, which abolished the protective effects of zileuton on cardiomyocytes. Moreover, PPARα knockdown abolished the anticardiac remodeling effects of zileuton in vivo. Taken together, our data indicate that zileuton protects against pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling by activating PPARα/NRF2 signaling.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 6466-6478, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293067

RESUMO

Cardiac remodelling refers to a series of changes in the size, shape, wall thickness and tissue structure of the ventricle because of myocardial injury or increased pressure load. Studies have shown that cardiac remodelling plays a significant role in the development of heart failure. Zingerone, a monomer component extracted from ginger, has been proven to possess various properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antidiabetic properties. As oxidative stress and inflammation contribute to acute and chronic myocardial injury, we explored the role of zingerone in cardiac remodelling. Mice were subjected to aortic banding (AB) or sham surgery and then received intragastric administration of zingerone or saline for 25 days. In vitro, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were treated with zingerone (50 and 250 µmol/L) when challenged with phenylephrine (PE). We observed that zingerone effectively suppressed cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, oxidative stress and inflammation. Mechanistically, Zingerone enhanced the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) activation via increasing the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) production. Additionally, we used Nrf2-knockout (KO) and eNOS-KO mice and found that Nrf2 or eNOS deficiency counteracts these cardioprotective effects of zingerone in vivo. Together, we concluded that zingerone may be a potent treatment for cardiac remodelling that suppresses oxidative stress via the eNOS/Nrf2 pathway.

4.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 128: 160-178, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711544

RESUMO

High mobility group protein AT-hook 2 (HMGA2), an architectural transcription factor, has previously been reported to play an essential role in regulating the expression of many genes through architectural remodeling processes. However, the effects of HMGA2 on cardiovascular disease, especial cardiac remodeling, is unclear. This study was aimed at investigating the functional role of HMGA2 in pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling. Mice that were subjected to aortic banding (AB) for 8 weeks developed myocardial hypertrophy and cardiac dysfunction, which were associated with altered expression of HMGA2. Cardiac-specific expression of the human HMGA2 gene in mice with an adeno-related virus 9 delivery system ameliorated cardiac remodeling and improve cardiac function in response to pressure overload by activating PPARγ/NRF2 signaling. Knockdown of HMGA2 by AAV9-shHMGA2 accelerated cardiac remodeling after 1 weeks of AB surgery. Additionally, knockdown of heart PPARγ largely abolished HMGA2 overexpression-mediated cardioprotection. HMGA2-mediated cardiomyocyte protection was largely abrogated by knocking down NRF2 and inhibiting PPARγ in cardiomyocytes. PPARγ activation was mediated by C/EBPß, which directly interacted with HMGA2. Knocking down C/EBPß offset the effects of HMGA2 on PPARγ activation and cardioprotection. These findings show that the overexpression of HMGA2 ameliorates the remodeling response to pressure overload, and they also imply that the upregulation of HMGA2 may become a treatment strategy in cardiac pathologies.

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