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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(13): 2784-2788, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111032

RESUMO

To study the effect of serum containing Xihuang pill on the proliferation of human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-435 and MCF-7 and the gene and protein expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, TP53, in order to explore the effect and mechanism of Xihuang pill in resisting breast cancer. The serum of the rats was prepared by the method of MTT assay. The expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by RT-PCR. The serum levels of Bcl-2 and Bax and the mRNA expression of TP53 were detected by immunofluorescence. The rats with serum containing Xihuang pill could inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-435 cells and MCF-7 cells (P<0.05). The serum containing Xihuang pill increased TP53 and Bax in MDA-MB-435 cells (P<0.05), and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was decreased (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the serum containing Xihuang pill could up-regulate the mRNA expression of Bax in MCF-7 cells and decrease the expression of Bcl (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the expression of TP53mRNA and Bax protein expressions after the treatment of MCF-7 cells with Xihuang pill serum. Serum containing Xihuang pill can induce the apoptosis of human breast cancer cells, and the mechanism of estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cell apoptosis may be induced by up-regulating the mRNA expression of TP53, which can induce the expression of Bax and promote the metastasis of Bax to mitochondria, and ultimately play the role of inducing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Ratos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2
2.
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol ; 20(1): 83-93, 2017 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27729466

RESUMO

Background: Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides have been reported to exert neuroprotective and antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test in mice. However, the mechanisms that underlie the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides are unclear. Methods: Chronic unpredictable stress and forced swim test were used to explore the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides and resilience to stress in rats. The phosphoinositide-3 kinase inhibitor LY294002 was microinjected in the medial prefrontal cortex to explore the role of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß in the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides. The expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, phosphorylated-Ser9-glycogen synthase kinase 3ß, ß-catenin, and synaptic proteins was determined in the medial prefrontal cortex and the orbitofrontal cortex by western blot. Results: We found that Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides effectively ameliorated chronic unpredictable stress-induced depression-like behaviors in the sucrose preference test and forced swim test. The Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides also significantly rescued chronic unpredictable stress-induced abnormalities in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor-glycogen synthase kinase-3ß-ß-catenin pathway and synaptic protein deficits in the medial prefrontal cortex but not orbitofrontal cortex. The activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß by the phosphoinositide-3 kinase inhibitor LY294002 abolished the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides in the forced swim test. Naïve rats that were treated with Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides exhibited resilience to chronic unpredictable stress, accompanied by increases in the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, phosphorylated-Ser9-glycogen synthase kinase-3ß, and ß-catenin in the medial prefrontal cortex. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor-glycogen synthase kinase-3ß-ß-catenin pathway in the medial prefrontal cortex may underlie the antidepressant-like effect of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides and resilience to stress.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/farmacologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico , Transtorno Depressivo/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Morinda , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resiliência Psicológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 133(1): 177-83, 2011 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20933075

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the antihypertensive effect of total flavone extracts from Puerariae Radix (FEPR). To explore the hemodynamic profiles and pertinent mechanism of the extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute and chronic antihypertensive effects of FEPR were examined in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) and reno-hypertensive rats (two kidneys one clip model, 2K1C). Anesthetized dogs were used to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of FEPR. The determination of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in vitro and plasma renin activity (PRA) and endothelin (ET) in vivo were used to study the pilot mechanism of FEPR. Moreover, the toxicity study of FEPR was evaluated. RESULTS: FEPR (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, i.v.) notably reduced the blood pressure of SHRs in a short time period. A two-week administration of FEPR (45, 90 and 180 mg/kg, p.o.) decreased the blood pressure of both 2K1C rats and SHRs. The results of hemodynamic study in anesthetized dogs showed that, left ventricular end systolic pressure and left ventricular dP/dt(max) had shown no significant difference between FEPR-treated dogs and those from the control group, while the cerebral blood flow increased significantly in FEPR-treated groups. FEPR significantly inhibited the ACE activities in vitro dose dependently, and inhibited the PRA in vivo, while the content of ET showed no difference in the FEPR treated group comparing with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: FEPR shows significantly blood pressure lowering and cerebral vascular resistance (CVR) decreasing effect, which can partly be explained by the involvement of the Renin-Angiotensin-System (RAS).


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/toxicidade , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Endotelinas/sangue , Flavonas , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Peptidil Dipeptidase A , Raízes de Plantas , Pueraria , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Wistar , Renina/sangue
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