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1.
Cell Rep ; 30(6): 1935-1950.e8, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049022

RESUMO

Alternative splicing is well understood to enhance proteome diversity as cells respond to stimuli. However, mechanistic understanding for how the spliceosome processes precursor messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts to achieve template diversification is incomplete. We use recently developed enzymatic inhibitors of protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) and human naive T lymphocyte activation as a model system to uncover a precise set of mRNA transcripts that require symmetric arginine dimethylation. This methylation-dependent splicing selectivity is associated with a limited set of signaling pathways that are affected when PRMT5 is inhibited. Specifically, we identify a conserved role for symmetric arginine dimethylation in the induction of antiviral type I and type III interferon signaling following T cell receptor and pattern recognition receptor stimulation in human T lymphocytes and undifferentiated human THP-1 monocytes. Altogether, these findings reveal a mechanism by which cells may be enabled to precisely modulate transcript heterogeneity to orchestrate specific functional outcomes.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2476, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051479

RESUMO

PEGylated recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (pegfilgrastim) is used clinically to accelerate immune reconstitution following chemotherapy and is being pursued for biosimilar development. One challenge to overcome in pegfilgrastim biosimilar development is establishing pharmacokinetic (PK) similarity, which is partly due to the degree of PK variability. We herein report that commercially available G-CSF and PEG ELISA detection kits have different capacities to detect pegfilgrastim aggregates that rapidly form in vitro in physiological conditions. These aggregates can be observed using SDS-PAGE, size-exclusion chromatography, dynamic light scattering, and real-time NMR analysis and are associated with decreased bioactivity as reflected by reduced drug-induced cellular proliferation and STAT3 phosphorylation. Furthermore, individual variability in the stability and detectability of pegfilgrastim in human sera is also observed. Pegfilgrastim levels display marked subject variability in sera from healthy donors incubated at 37 °C. The stability patterns of pegfilgrastim closely match the stability patterns of filgrastim, consistent with a key role for pegfilgrastim's G-CSF moiety in driving formation of inactive aggregates. Taken together, our results indicate that individual variability and ELISA specificity for inactive aggregates are key factors to consider when designing and interpreting studies involving the measurement of serum pegfilgrastim concentrations.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943607

RESUMO

A highly convergent approach was developed to achieve the first asymmetric and scalable total synthesis of FD-594, a complex polycyclic xanthone natural product from Streptomyces sp. TA-0256, in a longest linear sequence (LLS) of 20 steps. The trans-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene-9,10-diol fragment (B-C-D ring) was generated through a new strategy involving asymmetric dihydroxylation followed by Cu-mediated oxidative cyclization. Late-stage stereoselective glycosylation assembled the angular hexacyclic framework with a ß-linked 2,6-dideoxy trisaccharide fragment.

4.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995039

RESUMO

Disulfiram (DSF) exerts potent anticancer activity via the formation of chelates with copper or zinc ions in tumor tissues, but the low abundance of these ions in the tumor cannot sustain its antitumor activity. Herein, we show that a zwitterionic water-soluble N-oxide polymer, poly[2-(N-oxide-N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (OPDMA), can complex cupric ions and form nanogels (OPDMA/Cu), which efficiently deliver copper ions to tumor tissue to potentiate DSF significantly for effective antitumor therapy.

5.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(1): e1017, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of long-chain noncoding growth stasis specific protein 6 antisense RNA1 (lncRNA DLX6-AS1) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and cells, and its regulatory effect on malignant phenotypes of NPC cells. METHODS: The expressions of DLX6-AS1, miR-199a-5p, and HIF-1α mRNA in NPC issues and cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The proliferation, metastasis, and invasion of cells were monitored via MTT and transwell assay. The interactions between DLX6-AS1 and miR-199a-5p, miR-199a-5p and HIF-1α were verified by luciferase activity assay. Western blot was performed to determine the regulatory effect of DLX6-AS1 and miR-199a-5p on HIF-1α protein. RESULTS: The expression of lncRNA DLX6-AS1 was up-regulated in NPC tissues and cells. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC were enhanced by overexpressed DLX6-AS1 but inhibited by DLX6-AS1 knockdown. In addition, DLX6-AS1 can be used as a kind of ceRNA to regulate miR-199a-5p and, thereby modulating the expression of HIF-1α. CONCLUSION: We found that DLX6-AS1 was a cancer-promoting lncRNA to facilitate the progression of NPC, and its underlying mechanism was suppressing miR-199a-5p expression. This study can provide novel clues for the treatment of NPC.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 522(4): 889-896, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806368

RESUMO

Upon invading the cell, the viral RNA is recognized by the RIG-I receptor located in the cytoplasm, causing the RIG-I receptor to be activated. The activated RIG-I receptor transmits downstream antiviral signals by interacting with the adaptor protein VISA located on the mitochondria, leading to the production of type Ⅰ interferons and crude inflammatory cytokine genes. Although there have been many studies on antiviral signal transduction of RIG-I receptors in recent years, the mechanism of RIG-I-VISA-mediated antiviral regulation is still not fully understood. In this study, we identified SNX5 as a negative regulator of RLR-mediated antiviral signaling. Our results show that overexpression of SNX5 inhibits viral-induced activation of the IFN-ß promoter, ISRE, NF-κB, and IRF3, whereas RNAi knockdown of SNX5 expression shows opposite results. We also found that overexpression of SNX5 enhanced RIG-I's K48 ubiquitination and attenuated its K63 ubiquitination, resulting in inhibition of virus-induced RIG-I expression. Besides, further studies show that SNX5 overexpression weakens the interaction between VISA and TRAF2/5. Our findings suggest that SNX5 negatively regulates RLR-mediated antiviral signaling by targeting the RIG-I-VISA signalosome and provide new evidence for the negative regulation of RIG-I-mediated innate immune response mechanisms.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(1): 420-428, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746389

RESUMO

Malignant melanoma has the highest malignancy rate among all skin cancer and is characterized by an insidious onset, high invasion and poor patient prognosis. Yet, the mechanisms involved remain unclear and warrant further investigation. Based on bioinformatic analysis, phospholipase C ß2 (PLCB2) has been found to be correlated with melanoma growth. The present study was the first to demonstrate that PLCB2 is a key factor affecting melanoma proliferation and apoptosis. Here, microarray datasets from the publicly available Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were employed, and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was introduced to identify candidate transcription factors. PLCB2 was identified as a crucial gene in the protein­protein interaction (PPI) network. The expression of PLCB2 mRNA in various cancer lines was analyzed by reverse transcription­polymerase chain reaction (RT­PCR). In addition, the proliferation ability and apoptosis rate in human melanoma cells overexpressing or not overexpressing PLCB2 were assessed using colony formation assay, flow cytometry and the Cell Counting Kit­8 (CCK­8) assay. Cell viability and apoptosis­related factors, such as p53, Bcl­2, Bax and caspase­3 were significantly regulated. Knockdown of PLCB2 suppressed the activation of the Ras/Raf/MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, knockdown of PLCB2 suppressed cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis by activating the Ras/Raf/MAPK pathway. Thus, PLCB2 may utilized as a potential therapeutic target in patients with melanoma.

8.
J Clin Neurosci ; 71: 26-31, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859176

RESUMO

An increased serum phosphate (P) level is common in acromegaly patients, however, the relationships among P, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and disease status remain unknown. To reveal these relationships, we examined the association of P with comprehensive clinical data. We measured the serum P, calcium, GH, oral glucose tolerance test-GH (OGTT-GH), IGF-1, and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGBP-3) levels in 103 acromegaly patients. SAGIT® was used to assess the disease status comprehensively. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was obtained to evaluate the associations among the above parameters. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed to investigate factors independently associated factors with the SAGIT scores. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCROC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of the percentage change in the serum phosphate level in predicting remission in patients with postoperatively discordant GH and IGF-1 levels. Hyperphosphatemia was found in 68.9% of patients at baseline. The serum P level was higher in the non-remission group, but no correlation was found between hyperphosphatemia and remission. We revealed a significant correlation between the P level and SAGIT® score in patients both preoperatively (r = 0.659, p = 0.000) and 1-year postoperatively without remission patients (r = 0.534, p = 0.027). All biochemical levels decreased significantly postoperatively, and the GH and OGTT-GH levels achieved early stability (1 month); however, the P, IGF-1 and IGBP-3 levels showed a gradual decline. A percentage change in P of -8.12% is recommended as a cut-off value for predicting remission in patients with postoperatively discordant GH and IGF-1 levels. As a metabolic product which affected by the GH/IGF-1 axis, serum P appears to more closely reflect the comprehensive disease status in acromegaly. When the GH and IGF-1 levels are discordant during follow-up, perioperative change in the P level may be a potential predictor of remission.

9.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 47(2): 227-235, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612523

RESUMO

Morphine is an opioid analgesic drug routinely used to treat pain in several medical conditions including cancer. Increasing evidence has shown that morphine can directly modulate cancer growth via regulating angiogenesis. In this work, we investigated the effect of morphine on angiogenesis under pathological conditions. We showed that morphine, in a concentration typical of that observed in patient's blood, stimulates tumour angiogenesis under serum deprivation and H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress conditions. We found that morphine protected human lung tumour associated-endothelial cell (HLT-EC) against serum deprivation or H2 O2 -induced inhibition of capillary network formation. Furthermore, morphine stimulated other biological functions of HLT-EC under serum deprivation and H2 O2 -induced pathological conditions, such as growth, migration and survival, without affecting HLT-EC adhesion. Interestingly, morphine at the same concentration did not affect lung tumour cell growth and survival, suggesting the specific protective role of morphine at low micromolar concentrations on tumour angiogenesis. Using in vivo Matrigel angiogenesis assay, it was found that morphine stimulated in vivo angiogenesis under H2 O2 -induced pathological condition. The opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, did not inhibit the protective activity of morphine in in vivo angiogenesis, indicating that the effect was less likely to be mediated by the typical opioid receptors. Mechanism analysis indicated that morphine alleviated serum deprivation and H2 O2 -induced angiogenesis inhibition via reducing oxidative stress and damage, and activating Akt/mTOR/eIF4E signalling. We demonstrate the protective role of morphine on tumour angiogenesis under pathological conditions. Our work suggests that clinical use of morphine may be harmful in patients with angiogenesis-dependent cancers.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(11): 3855-3862, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833699

RESUMO

With rapid urbanization and industrialization, more attention has been paid to atmosphere quality in China. PM2.5, an important atmospheric pollutant, has attracted widespread public attention. Urban greenspace as a semi-natural surface landscape can affect the concentration and distribution of PM2.5. Current studies mainly focus on micro-scale, with few on landscape scale. In this study, land use regression (LUR) model was used to densify monitoring points. Based on ordinary Kriging interpolation method, the spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentration was simulated with high precision. We quantitatively analyzed the impacts of urban greenspace landscape characteristics and quality on PM2.5 concentration by coupling urban greenspace interpreted by remote sensing. The results showed that PM2.5 concentration decreased from central area to periphery. The impacts of greenspace on PM2.5 concentration varied with greenspace types. The shape of greenspace had no effect on PM2.5 concentration, while the area and quality of greenspace were significantly negatively correlated with PM2.5 concentration. In general, the greenspace had an obvious PM2.5 reduction effect in the distance of less than 100 m. Within the reduction distance, the closer to the greenspace, the lower the PM2.5 concentration was. The reduction distance of the affiliated and park greenspace was larger than other greenspace types.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Material Particulado , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Urbanização
11.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1214, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781507

RESUMO

In humans, zinc finger protein 671 (ZNF671) is a type of transcription factor. However, the contribution of tumor heterogeneity to the functional role of ZNF671 remains unknown. The present study aimed to determine the functional states of ZNF671 in cancer single cells based on single-cell sequencing datasets (scRNA-seq). We collected cancer-related ZNF671 scRNA-seq datasets and analyzed ZNF671 in the datasets. We evaluated 14 functional states of ZNF671 in cancers and performed ZNF671 expression and function state correlation analysis. We further applied t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding to describe the distribution of cancer cells and to explore the functional state of ZNF671 in cancer subgroups. We found that ZNF671 was downregulated in eight cancer-related ZNF671 scRNA-seq datasets. Functional analysis identified that ZNF671 might play a tumor suppressor role in cancer. The heterogeneous functional states of cell subgroups and correlation analysis showed that ZNF671 played tumor suppressor roles in heterogeneous cancer cell populations. Western blot and transwell assays identified that ZNF671 inhibited EMT, migration, and invasion of CNS cancers, lung cancer, melanoma, and breast carcinoma in vitro. These results from cancer single-cell sequencing indicated that ZNF671 played a tumor suppressor role in multiple tumors and may provide us with new insights into the role of ZNF671 for cancer treatment.

12.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683990

RESUMO

Plant tissue culture methods, such as somatic embryogenesis, are attractive alternatives to traditional breeding methods for plant propagation. However, they often suffer from limited efficiency. Somatic embryogenesis receptor kinase (SERK)1 is a marker gene of early somatic embryogenesis in several plants, including pineapple. It can be selectively induced and promotes a key step in somatic embryogenesis. We investigated the embryonic cell-specific transcriptional regulation of AcSERK1 by constructing a series of vectors carrying the GUS(Beta-glucuronidase) reporter gene under the control of different candidate cis-regulatory sequences. These vectors were transfected into both embryonic and non-embryonic callus, and three immature embryo stages and the embryonic-specific activity of the promoter fragments was analyzed. We found that the activity of the regulatory sequence of AcSERK1 lacking -983 nt ~-880 nt, which included the transcription initiation site, was significantly reduced in the embryonic callus of pineapple, accompanied by the loss of embryonic cell-specific promoter activity. Thus, this fragment is an essential functional segment with highly specific promoter activity for embryonic cells, and it is active only from the early stages of somatic embryo development to the globular embryo stage. This study lays the foundation for identifying mechanisms that enhance the efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in pineapple and other plants.

13.
Adv Mater ; 31(52): e1905715, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721341

RESUMO

3D structures that incorporate high-performance electronic materials and allow for remote, on-demand 3D shape reconfiguration are of interest for applications that range from ingestible medical devices and microrobotics to tunable optoelectronics. Here, materials and design approaches are introduced for assembly of such systems via controlled mechanical buckling of 2D precursors built on shape-memory polymer (SMP) substrates. The temporary shape fixing and recovery of SMPs, governed by thermomechanical loading, provide deterministic control over the assembly and reconfiguration processes, including a range of mechanical manipulations facilitated by the elastic and highly stretchable properties of the materials. Experimental demonstrations include 3D mesostructures of various geometries and length scales, as well as 3D aquatic platforms that can change trajectories and release small objects on demand. The results create many opportunities for advanced, programmable 3D microsystem technologies.

14.
Oncol Lett ; 18(4): 4167-4175, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516615

RESUMO

Changes of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cytokeratin fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA21-1) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before and after gefitinib treatment were observed to explore the significance of such changes. A total of 175 patients with advanced NSCLC who were admitted to Hubei Cancer Hospital from July 2012 to October 2015 were collected and divided into two groups: the control group (85 patients who received conventional chemotherapy) and the experimental group (90 patients treated with gefitinib combined with chemotherapy). The serum expression levels of EGFR and CYFRA21-1 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The therapeutic efficacy and 3-year survival of the two groups were compared, and the factors affecting the survival of the patients were analyzed. The total effective rate and local effective rate of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). Before treatment, no significant difference was detected in the levels of EGFR and CYFRA21-1 between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the expression levels of EGFR and CYFRA21-1 in the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). According to the 3-year survival rate, the experimental group was divided into the survival group and the non-survival group. Single factor analysis was performed on the general data, showing that the influencing factors of the survival include the KPS score, smoking history, number of lesions, pathological stage, EGFR, and CYFRA21-1. Gefitinib can bring significantly improved therapeutic efficacy, lower expression levels of EGFR and CYFRA21-1, and longer survival time for patients with advanced NSCLC. Indicators including confirmed smoking history, a KPS score less than or equal to 60 points, multiple lesions, pathological stage IV, high expression of EGFR and CYFRA21-1, are important factors affecting the survival of patient with advanced NSCLC.

15.
Adv Mater ; 31(39): e1903970, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402545

RESUMO

3D printing has witnessed a new era in which highly complexed customized products become reality. Realizing its ultimate potential requires simultaneous attainment of both printing speed and product versatility. Among various printing techniques, digital light processing (DLP) stands out in its high speed but is limited to intractable light curable thermosets. Thermoplastic polymers, despite their reprocessibility that allows more options for further manipulation, are restricted to intrinsically slow printing methods such as fused deposition modeling. Extending DLP to thermoplastics is highly desirable, but is challenging due to the need to reach rapid liquid-solid separation during the printing process. Here, a successful attempt at DLP printing of thermoplastic polymers is reported, realized by controlling two competing kinetic processes (polymerization and polymer dissolution) simultaneously occurring during printing. With a selected monomer, 4-acryloylmorpholine (ACMO), printing of thermoplastic 3D scaffolds is demonstrated, which can be further converted into various materials/devices utilizing its unique water-soluble characteristic. The ultralow viscosity of ACMO, along with surface oxygen inhibition, allows rapid liquid flow toward high-speed open-air printing. The process simplicity, enabling mechanism, and material versatility broaden the scope of 3D printing in constructing functional 3D devices including reconfigurable antenna, shape-shifting structures, and microfluidics.

16.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 40(17): 5094-5107, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403737

RESUMO

Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) uses a three-compartment model to probe brain tissue microstructure, whereas free-water (FW) imaging models two-compartments. It is unknown if NODDI detects more disease-specific effects related to neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical Parkinsonism. We acquired multi- and single-shell diffusion imaging at 3 Tesla across two sites. NODDI (using multi-shell; isotropic volume [Viso]; intracellular volume [Vic]; orientation dispersion [ODI]) and FW imaging (using single-shell; FW; free-water corrected fractional anisotropy [FAt]) were compared with 44 PD, 21 multiple system atrophy Parkinsonian variant (MSAp), 26 progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 24 healthy control subjects in the basal ganglia, midbrain/thalamus, cerebellum, and corpus callosum. There was elevated Viso in posterior substantia nigra across Parkinsonisms, and Viso, Vic, and ODI were altered in MSAp and PSP in the striatum, globus pallidus, midbrain, thalamus, cerebellum, and corpus callosum relative to controls. The mean effect size across regions for Viso was 0.163, ODI 0.131, Vic 0.122, FW 0.359, and FAt 0.125, with extracellular compartments having the greatest effect size. A key question addressed was if these techniques discriminate PD and atypical Parkinsonism. Both NODDI (AUC: 0.945) and FW imaging (AUC: 0.969) had high accuracy, with no significant difference between models. This study provides new evidence that NODDI and FW imaging offer similar discriminability between PD and atypical Parkinsonism, and FW had higher effect sizes for detecting Parkinsonism within regions across the basal ganglia and cerebellum.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(35): 32408-32413, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412699

RESUMO

Shape memory polymers (SMP) with 3D geometries and tunable shape-shifting behavior can open up new opportunities in intelligent devices. Achieving both simultaneously is difficult for conventional approaches. 4D printing allows fabrication of complex 3D SMP geometries that can change shapes (i.e., the fourth dimension is time), but tuning the shape memory response is challenging because of the printing constraints. Here, we report a material and process concept that allows digital light fabrication of SMP with fine control of not only the geometries but also the shape memory characteristics, within a printing time of 30 s. Digital light modulation allows spatio-temporal tuning of the material properties including shape memory transition temperature, rubbery modulus, and maximum elongation (up to 250%). Consequently, the process allows producing multiple-SMP within a single material construct using the same printing precursor. We demonstrate that this unique attribute is beneficial in constructing unusual shape-shifting 3D nano-photonic and electronic devices. The simplicity and versatility of our approach facilitates its future expansion into a wide range of geometrically complex devices with advanced functions.

18.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 406-415, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369857

RESUMO

Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) is a universally farmed fish species in China and has a large farming scale and economic value. With the high-density cultural mode in mandarin fish, viral diseases, such as infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) and Siniperca chuatsi rhabdovirus (SCRV), have increased loss, which has seriously restricted the development of aquaculture. Y-Box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a member of cold shock protein family that regulates multiple cellular processes. The roles of mammalian YB-1 protein in environmental stress and innate immunity have been studied well, but its roles in teleost fishes remain unknown. In the present study, the characteristic of S. chuatsi YB-1 (scYB-1) and its roles in cold stress and virus infection were investigated. The scYB-1 obtained an 1541 bp cDNA that contains a 903 bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 300 amino acids. Tissue distribution results showed that the scYB-1 is a ubiquitously expressed gene found among tissues from mandarin fish. Overexpression of scYB-1 can increase the expression levels of cold shock-responsive genes, such as scHsc70a, scHsc70b, and scp53. Furthermore, the role of scYB-1 in innate immunity was also investigated in mandarin fish fry (MFF-1) cells. The expression level of scYB-1 was significant change in response to poly (I:C), poly (dG:dC), PMA, ISKNV, or SCRV stimulation. The overexpression of scYB-1 can significantly increase the expression levels of NF-κB-responsive genes, including scIL-8, scTNF-α, and scIFN-h. The NF-κB-luciferase report assay results showed that the relative expression of luciferin was significantly increased in the cells overexpressed with scYB-1 compared with those in cells overexpressed with control plasmid. These results indicate that scYB-1 can induce the NF-κB signaling pathway in MFF-1 cells. Overexpressed scYB-1 can downregulate the expression of ISKNV viral major capsid protein (mcp) gene but upregulates the expression of SCRV mcp gene. Moreover, knockdown of scYB-1 using siRNA can upregulate the expression of ISKNV mcp gene but downregulates the expression of SCRV mcp gene. These results indicate that scYB-1 suppresses ISKNV infection while enhancing SCRV infection. The above observations suggest that scYB-1 is involved in cold stress and virus infection. Our study will provide an insight into the roles of teleost fish YB-1 protein in stress response and innate immunity.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Peixes/genética , Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/genética , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Iridoviridae/fisiologia , Filogenia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos/farmacologia , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/química
19.
Pak J Med Sci ; 35(4): 1072-1075, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372145

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects of propofol versus sevoflurane on the outcomes of patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods: A total of 110 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2017 were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=55): Group A, in which anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane, and Group B, in which anesthesia was maintained with propofol. The MMSE score before and after operation, perioperative laboratory index, incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and incidence of adverse events between the two groups were compared. Results: The MMSE score was significantly higher in Group B than in Group A after anesthesia (p<0.05). Serum levels of the brain injury markers neuron-specific enolase, S100ß and matrix metalloproteinase 9 were significantly lower in Group B than in Group A (p<0.05). POCD incidence at 12 hour and 24 hour after operation was significantly lower in Group B than in Group A (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of low cardiac output and thoracotomy bleeding between two groups. Conclusion: Compared with sevoflurane, the use of propofol during cardiac surgery with CPB can efficiently improve postoperative cognitive function without increasing the risk of adverse reactions.

20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(33): 18105-18118, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396604

RESUMO

With the emergence of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, the treatment of malaria has become a significant challenge; therefore, the development of antimalarial drugs acting on new targets is extremely urgent. In Plasmodium falciparum, type II nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase (NDH-2) is responsible for catalyzing the transfer of two electrons from NADH to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which in turn transfers the electrons to coenzyme Q (CoQ). As an entry enzyme for oxidative phosphorylation, NDH-2 has become one of the popular targets for the development of new antimalarial drugs. In this study, reliable motion trajectories of the NDH-2 complex with its co-factors (NADH and FAD) and inhibitor, RYL-552, were obtained by comparative molecular dynamics simulations. The influence of cofactor binding on the global motion of NDH-2 was explored through conformational clustering, principal component analysis and free energy landscape. The molecular interactions of NDH-2 before and after its binding with the inhibitor RYL-552 were analyzed, and the key residues and important hydrogen bonds were also determined. The results show that the association of RYL-552 results in the weakening of intramolecular hydrogen bonds and large allosterism of NDH-2. There was a significant positive correlation between the angular change of the key pocket residues in the NADH-FAD-pockets that represents the global functional motion and the change in distance between NADH-C4 and FAD-N5 that represents the electron transfer efficiency. Finally, the possible non-competitive inhibitory mechanism of RYL-552 was proposed. Specifically, the association of inhibitors with NDH-2 significantly affects the global motion mode of NDH-2, leading to widening of the distance between NADH and FAD through cooperative motion induction; this reduces the electron transfer efficiency of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The simulation results provide useful theoretical guidance for subsequent antimalarial drug design based on the NDH-2 structure and the respiratory chain electron transfer mechanism.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/química , Cetonas/química , NADH Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Plasmodium falciparum/enzimologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Protozoários/química , Quinolinas/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Flavina-Adenina Dinucleotídeo/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , NAD/química , NADH Desidrogenase/química , Oxirredução , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Termodinâmica
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