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1.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 113856, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061772

RESUMO

Cancer easily induces resistance to most chemotherapy drugs. In this study, we investigated the combination cytotoxic and antitumor effects of canagliflozin (CAN) and doxorubicin (DOX) in vitro and in vivo. CAN significantly increased the cytotoxicity of DOX in HepG2, HepG2-ADR (adriamycin or doxorubicin-resistant) and MCF7 cells. CAN significantly promoted the intracellular uptake of DOX in HepG2 cells. CAN also reduced the p-gp level in HepG2 cells. The function of p-gp required ATP, but CAN significantly reduced the intracellular ATP level. CAN might inhibit the function of p-gp, increase the intracellular DOX concentration and contribute to an enhanced cytotoxic activity. Autophagy plays a protective role in chemotherapy-induced cell survival. However, CAN significantly inhibited DOX-induced autophagy in HepG2 cells, and the mechanism appeared to be mediated by promoting ULK1 phosphorylation. The downregulation of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) may be associated with protein degradation but is independent of the autophagy pathway. Furthermore, in HepG2-xenograft BALB/c naked mice, CAN significantly increased the antitumor effect of DOX. This study is the first to report that a classical antidiabetic drug, CAN improved the sensitivity to the antitumor effect of DOX, and the potential molecular mechanisms of CAN may involve the inhibition of P-gp function and the autophagy pathway.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT) is common and can lead to pulmonary embolism (PE). Currently, the mechanism of how LEDVT causes PE is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the thrombus sites and PE in LEDVT patients. METHODS: A retrospective study that included the medical data of 3101 patients aged >18 years who were diagnosed with LEDVT by duplex ultrasound was performed at The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from 2008 to 2017. The clinical information of the patients was collected. According to the thrombosis sites, the patients were divided into three groups. We determined the cumulative prevalence and prevalence rate of PE between the groups and used Cox proportional hazard regression models, which were stratified on matched sets, to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) for all of the outcomes of interest. We focused on the relationship of proximal or isolated distal LEDVT with PE and also analyzed the relationship of the left side or right side of LEDVT with PE. RESULTS: A total of 1629 (52.5%) patients had left LEDVT (group 1), 912 (29.4%) patients had right LEDVT (group 2), and 560 (18.1%) patients had bilateral LEDVT (group 3). The rate of PE was higher in group 2 than in group 1, although there were more patients suffering from LEDVT in group 1 than in group 2 (P < .001). The patients with proximal LEDVT in group 3 exhibited a greater risk of PE compared with those with isolated distal LEDVT (adjusted HR, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-5.49). We also observed that the proportion of patients with proximal LEDVT who were receiving treatment was much higher than that of patients with distal LEDVT (P < .05). The patients with right LEDVT had a higher risk of PE than the patients with left LEDVT (adjusted HR, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-2.21), and the patients with right LEDVT had more comorbidities, such as malignant neoplasms, hypertension, and diabetes (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with proximal bilateral LEDVT had a higher likelihood for development of PE than did patients with distal LEDVT, which may be associated with inadequate therapy for proximal bilateral LEDVT. PE was more likely to develop with right-sided LEDVT because these patients had more comorbidities in our study.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2044, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029792

RESUMO

GPNCA is a long non-coding RNA with unknown functions. In this study, using data from 9 cancers obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), GPNCA was identified as overexpressed in cancer vs. normal tissues. The upregulation of GPNCA was associated with poor overall prognosis in colon, liver, renal clear cell and breast cancers. The upregulation of GPNCA was partly due to enhanced H3K27ac occupancy on its promoter region via EP300 and KAT2A/GCN5. The overexpression of GPNCA was positively related to tumor metastasis in colon cancer and poor disease-free and recurrence-free survival in colon and liver cancer. Both gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis indicated that GPNCA was closely linked to regulation of gene transcription and post-transcriptional modifications, which was further supported by in vitro cell cytoplasmic and nuclear RNA purification assessments. Furthermore, GPNCA was associated with cell growth. Our in vitro experiments demonstrated that GPNCA silencing inhibited tumor growth via inhibiting its nearby gene GSK3B. Taken together, these findings highlight GPNCA as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis and a potential target for future cancer drug development.

5.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 518-532, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671345

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to be crucial regulators in numerous human diseases. However, little is known about their effects on early recurrent miscarriage (RM). Here we aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 on placental trophoblast cell metabolic reprogramming, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of RM. After microarray and GEO database analyses, we found that EPB41L4A-AS1 was significantly increased in early RM placental tissue, and this increase may relate to estradiol-mediated upregulation of PGC-1α. EPB41L4A-AS1 overexpression inhibits glycolysis but increases the dependence on fatty acid oxidation in mitochondrion metabolism and suppresses the Warburg effect, which is necessary for rapid growth of the placental villus, leading to miscarriage. Mechanistic analyses demonstrated that EPB41L4A-AS1 functions as a lncRNA in the regulation of VDAC1 and HIF-1α expression through enhancement of H3K4me3 levels in the promoters of VDAC1 and HIF1A-AS1, a natural antisense transcript (NAT) lncRNA of HIF-1α. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that aberrant expression of EPB41L4A-AS1 is involved in the etiology of early RM, and it may be a candidate diagnostic hallmark and a potential therapeutic target for early RM treatment.

6.
Molecules ; 24(20)2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652659

RESUMO

Ivalin, a natural compound isolated from Carpesium divaricatum, showed excellent microtubule depolymerization activities among human hepatocellular carcinoma in our previous work. Here, we investigated its functions on mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells. DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) staining, annexin V-fluorexcein isothiocyanate (FITC) apoptosis detection, and western blotting were applied to explore the apoptotic effect of Ivalin. Next, the induction effect of Ivalin on the mitochondrial pathway was also confirmed via a series of phenomena including the damage of mitochondria membrane potential, mitochondria cytochrome c escape, cleaved caspase-3 induction, and the reactive oxygen species generation. In this connection, we understood that Ivalin induced apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway and the overload of reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, we found that the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and subsequent p53 induction were associated with the apoptotic effect of Ivalin. These data confirmed that Ivalin might be a promising pro-apoptotic compound that can be utilized as a potential drug for clinical treatment.

7.
Mar Drugs ; 17(10)2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601054

RESUMO

Actinomycin V, extracted and separated from marine-derived actinomycete Streptomyces sp., as the superior potential replacement of actinomycin D (which showed defect for its hepatotoxicity) has revealed an ideal effect in the suppression of migration and invasion in human breast cancer cells as referred to in our previous study. In this study, the involvement of p53 in the cell cycle arrest and pro-apoptotic action of actinomycin V was investigated in human non-small-cell lung carcinoma A549 cells. Results from the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay showed that cytotoxic activity of actinomycin V on A549 cells (with wild-type p53) was stronger than the NCI-H1299 cells (p53-deficient). Actinomycin V upregulated both of the protein and mRNA expression levels of p53, p21Waf1/Cip1 and Bax in A549 cells. For this situation, actinomycin V decreased the M-phase related proteins (Cdc2, Cdc25A and Cyclin B1) expression, arrested cells in G2/M phase and subsequently triggered apoptosis by mediating the Bcl-2 family proteins' expression (Bax and Bcl-2). Furthermore, the effects of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A549 cells which were induced by actinomycin V could be reversed by the pifithrin-α, a specific inhibitor of p53 transcriptional activity. Collectively, our results suggest that actinomycin V causes up-regulation of p53 by which the growth of A549 cells is suppressed for cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(10): 688, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534127

RESUMO

CELF6, a member of the CELF family of RNA-binding proteins, regulates muscle-specific alternative splicing and contributes to the pathogenesis of myotonic dystrophy (DM), however the role of CELF6 in cancer cell proliferation is less appreciated. Here, we show that the expression of CELF6 is cell cycle regulated. The cell cycle-dependent expression of CELF6 is mediated through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, SCF-ß-TrCP recognizes a nonphospho motif in CELF6 and regulates its proteasomal degradation. Overexpression or depletion of CELF6 modulates p21 gene expression. CELF6 binds to the 3'UTR of p21 transcript and increases its mRNA stability. Depletion of CELF6 promotes cell cycle progression, cell proliferation and colony formation whereas overexpression of CELF6 induces G1 phase arrest. The effect of CELF6 on cell proliferation is p53 and/or p21 dependent. Collectively, these data demonstrate that CELF6 might be a potential tumor suppressor, CELF6 regulates cell proliferation and cell cycle progression via modulating p21 stability.

9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(8)2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409007

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Microtubules are an attractive target for cancer chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that Ivalin exhibited excellent anti-migration and anti-invasion activities in human breast cancer cells. Here, we examined the microtubule inhibition effect of Ivalin in human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells. Materials and Methods: We used the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay to evaluate the cell proliferation effect of Ivalin and flow cytometry analysis to detect the apoptotic and cell cycle arrest effects of Ivalin. Immunofluorescence staining was used to measure the effect of Ivalin on the cytoskeleton network, and Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, Cdc2, phosphor-Cdc2, Cdc25A, Cyclin B1, and tubulin. Results: Ivalin induced cell cycle G2/M arrest and subsequent triggered apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells. Furthermore, microtubules were shown to be involved in Ivalin-meditated apoptosis. In this connection, Ivalin treatment suppressed cellular microtubule network formation by regulating microtubule depolymerization. Moreover, Western blotting revealed Cdc25A and Cyclin B1 were upregulated in Ivalin-meditated cell cycle arrest. Subsequently, the induction of Bax (a proapoptotic protein) and reduction of Bcl-2 (an anti-apoptotic protein) expression were observed in Ivalin-treated SMMC-7721 cells. Conclusion: Ivalin induced microtubule depolymerization, then blocked cells in mitotic phase, and eventually resulted in apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells. Collectively, these data indicate that Ivalin, acting as a novel inhibitor of microtubules, could be considered as a promising lead in anticancer drug development.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , Lactonas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
10.
Mol Cancer Res ; 17(11): 2184-2195, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427441

RESUMO

STAT3 is constitutively activated in many malignant tumor types and plays an important role in multiple aspects of cancer aggressiveness. In this study, we found that estrogen-related receptor α (ERR-α) correlating with STAT3 was highly expressed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines and tissues, which was associated with both the pathologic stage and prognosis of patients with TNBC. In vitro studies showed that ERR-α promoted TNBC cell migration and invasion, which was regulated by STAT3. Phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3, Tyr 705) could bind to the promotor of ERR-α, and activate its transcription, which was suggested by luciferase assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. We also found that ERR-α was the key target gene regulated by STAT3 in promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), migration, and invasion. ERR-α upregulated the expression of ZEB1, N-cadherin, and vimentin while downregulated the expression of E-cadherin. Furthermore, in vivo studies showed that ERR-α could increase the metastasis ability of TNBC. Our finding demonstrated that ERR-α was a direct regulatory gene target of p-STAT3, which was enriched for processes involving invasion and metastasis in TNBC and provided insight into TNBC pathogenesis, as well as a potential therapeutic option against TNBC metastasis. IMPLICATIONS: Our research first showed that p-STAT3 (Tyr 705) could bind to the promotor region of ERR-α and promote EMT in TNBC by ZEB1 pathways, thus providing a potential clinical target for TNBC.

11.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305144

RESUMO

In the course of searching for cytotoxic metabolites from insects associated actinomyces, two new natural p-terphenyl glycosides, strepantibin D (1) and strepantibin E (2), along with terferol (3), actinomycin D (4), actinomycin V (5) and actinomycin V0ß (6), were identified from the fermentation medium of a Streptomyces sp. which was obtained from the larva body of mud dauber wasp. Strepantibin D (1), previously reported as a synthetic derivative of terfestatin A, is firstly isolated as a natural p-terphenyl in this research. Strepantibin D (1) and terferol (3) showed medium cytotoxic activity against breast cancer cells MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and BT-474. Actinomycins (4-6), especially actinomycin V (5), displayed remarkable cytotoxicity against breast cancer cells, with IC50 values ranging from 0.83 nM to 369.90 nM.

12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135188

RESUMO

Six julichrome derivatives including a new monomeric julichrome named as julichrome Q10 (1), and previous reported julichrome Q6 (2), julichrome Q6.6 (4), julichrome Q3.5 (5), julichrome Q5.6 (6), julichrome Q2.3 (7), along with a diketopiperazine gliotoxin (3) were isolated from a soil derived strain Streptomyces sp. The structures of these compounds were identified by HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR and NMR methods. The isolated compounds were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity against human hepatocarcinoma HepG-2 and SMMC-7721 cell lines, human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines, and human normal heptical LO2 cell line. Gliotoxin (3) showed the most cytotoxic activity against the tested tumor cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 0.11 to 1.45 µM. Julichrome Q6.6 (4) displayed selective cytotoxic activity against SMMC-7721, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines.

13.
Mar Drugs ; 17(5)2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075906

RESUMO

Four angucycline glycosides were previously characterized from marine-derived Streptomyces sp. OC1610.4. Further investigation of this strain cultured on different fermentation media from that used previously resulted in the isolation of two new angucycline glycosides, vineomycins E and F (1-2), and five known homologues, grincamycin L (3), vineomycinone B2 (4), fridamycin D (5), moromycin B (7), and saquayamycin B1 (8). Vineomycin F (2) contains an unusual ring-cleavage deoxy sugar. All the angucycline glycosides isolated from Streptomyces sp. OC1610.4 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against breast cancer cells MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and BT-474. Moromycin B (7), saquayamycin B1 (8), and saquayamycin B (9) displayed potent anti-proliferation against the tested cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 0.16 to 0.67 µM. Saquayamycin B (9) inhibited the migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner, as detected by Transwell and wound-healing assays.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Antraciclinas/farmacologia , Antraquinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Streptomyces/metabolismo
14.
Mar Drugs ; 17(5)2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137656

RESUMO

Actinomycin V, an analog of actinomycin D produced by the marine-derived actinomycete Streptomyces sp., possessing a 4-ketoproline instead of a 4-proline in actinomycin D. In this study, the involvement of snail/slug-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the anti-migration and -invasion actions of actinomycin V was investigated in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro. Cell proliferation effect was evaluated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Wound-healing and Transwell assay were performed to investigate the anti-migration and -invasion effects of actinomycin V. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, snail, slug, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), and twist proteins and the mRNA levels were detected by rt-PCR. Actinomycin V showed stronger cytotoxic activity than that of actinomycin D. Actinomycin V up-regulated both of the protein and mRNA expression levels of E-cadherin and down-regulated that of N-cadherin and vimentin in the same cells. In this connection, actinomycin V decreased the snail and slug protein expression, and consequently inhibited cells EMT procession. Our results suggest that actinomycin V inhibits EMT-mediated migration and invasion via decreasing snail and slug expression, which exhibits therapeutic potential for the treatment of breast cancer and further toxicity investigation in vivo is needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dactinomicina/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/fisiopatologia
15.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(15): 3005-3018, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006037

RESUMO

The accumulation of intracellular ß-amyloid peptide (Aß) is important pathological characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the exact underlying molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, we reported that Nuclear Paraspeckle Assembly Transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long n on-coding RNA, exhibits repressed expression in the early stage of AD and its down-regulation declines neuroglial cell mediating Aß clearance via inhibiting expression of endocytosis-related genes. We find that NEAT1 is associated with P300/CBP complex and its inhibition affects H3K27 acetylation (H3K27Ac) and H3K27 crotonylation (H3K27Cro) located nearby to the transcription start site of many genes, including endocytosis-related genes. Interestingly, NEAT1 inhibition down-regulates H3K27Ac but up-regulates H3K27Cro through repression of acetyl-CoA generation. NEAT1 also mediates the binding between STAT3 and H3K27Ac but not H3K27Cro. Therefore, the decrease of H3K27Ac and/or the increase of H3K27Cro declines expression of multiple related genes. Collectively, this study first reveals the different roles of H3K27Ac and H3K27Cro in regulation of gene expression and provides the insight of the epigenetic regulatory mechanism of NEAT1 in gene expression and AD pathology.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Acetilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/farmacologia , Animais , Caveolina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Caveolina 2/genética , Caveolina 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epigênese Genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neuroglia/citologia , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de p300-CBP/metabolismo
16.
J Nat Prod ; 82(5): 1114-1119, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013087

RESUMO

Two new p-terphenyls, strepantibins A and B (1 and 2), along with the first representative of a naturally occurring bisphenyltropone, strepantibin C (3), were characterized from a Streptomyces sp. associated with the larvae of the mud dauber wasp Sceliphron madraspatanum. Their structures were determined by high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray crystallography data interpretation. Strepantibins A-C inhibited hexokinase II (HK2) activity and displayed antiproliferative activity against hepatoma carcinoma cells HepG-2, SMMC-7721 and plc-prf-5. In SMMC-7721 cells treated with strepantibin A, the morphological characteristics of apoptosis were observed.

17.
Drug Deliv ; 26(1): 168-178, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822166

RESUMO

The present study aims at designing a thermosensitive gel prepared from w1/o/w2 multiple microemulsions (MMEs) for the vaginal delivery of siRNA. The w1/o/w2 MMEs were prepared by two-step emulsifications: the first step was to prepare primary emulsions (w1/o) by low energy emulsification (LEE); the second step was to obtain stable w1/o/w2 MMEs by self-emulsifying. An extensive formulation optimization process was undertaken. The final w1/o/w2 MMEs could be formed in ddH2O, phosphate buffer solution (PBS, pH 7.4) and 1640 culture media with diameter size about 166.5 ± 13.1, 271.0 ± 11.1 and 278.7 ± 12.1 nm respectively. The release rates of siRNA from solutions, MMEs and MMEs-gels were completed within 2 h, 6 h and13 h respectively. The transfection efficiency of MMEs was confirmed both in vitro and in vivo. The relative target gene expressions of MMEs were 0.07 ± 0.05% vs. 0.37 ± 0.06% in Hela cells against Lipofectamine2000® and 1.88% ± 0.00% vs. 9.65% ± 0.02% in mouse vaginal mucosa against PEI. Good biocompatibility of MMEs was verified by cytotoxicity and pathological studies. Overall, our results indicated the potential of the MMEs-gel system for the vaginal delivery of siRNA.


Assuntos
Administração Intravaginal , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Emulsões/administração & dosagem , Microesferas , Ácidos Nucleicos/administração & dosagem , Tensoativos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Emulsões/síntese química , Emulsões/metabolismo , Feminino , Géis , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Ácidos Nucleicos/síntese química , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Tensoativos/síntese química , Tensoativos/metabolismo , Água/administração & dosagem , Água/química , Água/metabolismo
18.
EBioMedicine ; 41: 200-213, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNAs have been found to be involved in various aspects of biological processes. In this study, we aimed to uncover the molecular mechanisms of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 in regulating glycolysis and glutaminolysis in cancer cells. METHODS: The expression of EPB41L4A-AS1 in cancer patients was analyzed in TCGA and GEO datasets. The level of cellular metabolism was determined by extracellular flux analyzer. The relationship between p53 and EPB41L4A-AS1 was explored by qRT-PCR, luciferase assay and ChIP assay. The interactions between EPB41L4A-AS1 and HDAC2 or NPM1 were determined by RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pull-down assay and RNA-FISH- immunofluorescence. FINDINGS: EPB41L4A-AS1 was a p53-regulated gene. Low expression and deletion of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 were found in a variety of human cancers and associated with poor prognosis of cancer patients. Knock down EPB41L4A-AS1 expression triggered Warburg effect, demonstrated as increased aerobic glycolysis and glutaminolysis. EPB41L4A-AS1 interacted and colocalized with HDAC2 and NPM1 in nucleolus. Silencing EPB41L4A-AS1 reduced the interaction between HDAC2 and NPM1, released HDAC2 from nucleolus and increased its distribution in nucleoplasm, enhanced HDAC2 occupation on VHL and VDAC1 promoter regions, and finally accelerated glycolysis and glutaminolysis. Depletion of EPB41L4A-AS1 increased the sensitivity of tumor to glutaminase inhibitor in tumor therapy. INTERPRETATION: EPB41L4A-AS1 functions as a repressor of the Warburg effect and plays important roles in metabolic reprogramming of cancer.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Glicólise , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 21(4): 364-376, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29355039

RESUMO

3ß-Angeloyloxy-8ß,10ß-dihydroxyeremophila-7(11)-en-12,8α-lactone (FJ1) inhibited effectively paraquat (PQ)-induced injury in SH-SY5Y cells. In this way, FJ1 was shown to reverse the PQ-induced activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, the increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and the release of cytochrome c. The mechanism was associated with a reduction of oxidative stress, including the decrease in the levels of ROS and MDA and maintaining the activity of SOD and GSH. Taken together, findings revealed that FJ1 had protective effects against PQ-induced injury via attenuating the oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells, which suggested that FJ1 might be a candidate for further evaluation against neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Lactonas/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Paraquat/toxicidade , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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