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1.
J Affect Disord ; 264: 163-171, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can lead to rapid and effective responses in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the precise neural mechanisms of ECT for MDD are still unclear. Previous work has confirmed that thalamocortical circuits play an important role in emotion and cognition. However, the relationship between mechanisms of ECT for MDD and thalamocortical connectivity has not yet been investigated. METHOD: Thalamocortical functional connectivity analysis was performed on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data collected from 28 MDD patients both pre- and post-ECT treatment, as well as 20 healthy controls. The cortex was parceled into six regions of interest (ROIs), which were used as seeds to assess the functional connectivity between the cortex and each voxel in the thalamus. Then, functional connectivity between the identified thalamic subregions and the rest of the brain was quantified to better localize thalamocortical connectivity related to ECT. Structural connectivity among the functionally abnormal regions was also determined using probabilistic tractography from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. RESULTS: There was decreased parietal cortex-left pulvinar and left pulvinar-bilateral precuneus functional connectivity in post-ECT MDD patients, compared to pre-ECT MDD patients. Furthermore, functional connectivity strength of parietal cortex-left pulvinar and left pulvinar-bilateral precuneus was negative correlation with verbal fluency test scores in post-ECT MDD patients. No significant change was found in structural connectivity analysis. LIMITATIONS: The sample size of our study was not large. CONCLUSION: Our findings implicate that the specific abnormalities in thalamocortical circuit may be associated with cognitive impairment induced by ECT.

2.
Redox Biol ; : 101445, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037305

RESUMO

TFEB (transcription factor EB) and TFE3 (transcription factor E3) are "master regulators" of autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis. The stress response p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases affect multiple intracellular responses including inflammation, cell growth, differentiation, cell death, senescence, tumorigenesis, and autophagy. Small molecule p38 MAP kinase inhibitors such as SB202190 are widely used in dissection of related signal transduction mechanisms including redox biology and autophagy. Here, we initially aimed to investigate the links between p38 MAP kinase and TFEB/TFE3-mediated autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis. Unexpectedly, we found that only SB202190, rather than several other p38 inhibitors, promotes TFEB and TFE3 to translocate from the cytosol into the nucleus and subsequently enhances autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis. In addition, siRNA-mediated Tfeb and Tfe3 knockdown effectively attenuated SB202190-induced gene expression and lysosomal biogenesis. Mechanistical studies showed that TFEB and TFE3 activation in response to SB202190 is dependent on PPP3/calcineurin rather than on the inhibition of p38 or MTOR signaling, the main pathway for regulating TFEB and TFE3 activation. Importantly, SB202190 increased intracellular calcium levels, and calcium chelator BAPTAP-AM blocked SB202190-induced TFEB and TFE3 activation as well as autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis. Moreover, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium is required for TFEB and TFE3 activation in response to SB202190. In summary, we identified a previously uncharacterized role of SB202190 in activating TFEB- and TFE3-dependent autophagy and lysosomal biogenesis via ER calcium release and subsequent calcium-dependent PPP3/calcineurin activation, leading to dephosphorylation of TFEB and TFE3. Given the importance of p38 MAP kinase invarious conditions including oxidative stress, the findings collectively indicate that SB202190 should not be used as a specific inhibitor for elucidating the p38 MAP kinase biological functions due to its potential effect on activating autophagy-lysosomal axis.

3.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (TSWV), one of the most devastating viruses of ornamental plants and vegetable crops worldwide, is transmitted by the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), in a persistent-propagative manner. How TSWV influences the reproduction of its vector to enhance transmission and whether infection with TSWV changes the mating behaviour of F. occidentalis are not fully understood. RESULTS: TSWV-exposed thrips had a significantly longer developmental time than non-exposed individuals. More importantly, increased developmental time was predominantly associated with adults, a stage critical for dispersal and virus transmission. In addition, TSWV-exposed F. occidentalis produced substantially more progeny than did non-exposed thrips. Interestingly, most of the increase in progeny came from an increase in males, a sex with a greater dispersal and virus transmission capability. Specifically, the female/male ratio of progeny shifted from 1.3-7.0/1 to 0.6-1.1/1. As for mating behaviour, copulation time was significantly longer in TSWV-exposed thrips. Finally, females tended to re-mate less when exposed to the virus. Resistance to re-mating may lead to reduced sperm availability in females, which translates to a larger number of male progeny under a haplodiploid system. CONCLUSION: These combined results suggest that TSWV can influence the developmental time, mating behaviour, fecundity and offspring sex allocation of its vector F. occidentalis to facilitate virus transmission. As such, a monitoring program capable of the earlier detection of the virus in host plants and/or its insect vector, thrips, using DAS-ELISA, RT-qPCR or virus detection strip might be beneficial for the long-term, sustainable management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(10): 1609-1610, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960002

RESUMO

Retraction of 'Sublimable cationic Ir(iii) phosphor using chlorine as a counterion for high-performance monochromatic and white OLEDs' by Lei Ding et al., Chem. Commun., 2018, 54, 11761-11764.

5.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear receptors (NRs) play an essential role in diverse biological processes, such as insect metamorphosis. Here, transcriptome analysis and functional studies were used to determine whether NRs are involved in metamorphosis of whitefly Bemisia tabaci Q, a serious pest to crops, and to find some potential insecticide targets. RESULTS: Twenty NRs were identified in the Bemisia tabaci Q genome and categorized into the NR0-NR6 subfamilies. The phylogenetic tree of NRs from Bemisia tabaci Q and other representative species was constructed, which provided evolutionary insight into their genetic distances. The results of spatiotemporal gene expression indicated that the majority of NR gene expression was higher in the head than the abdomen and higher in eggs than adults. Further functional analysis using RNA interference (RNAi) showed that NR genes play an important role in Bemisia tabaci Q pupation and eclosion. With respect to high mortality and effects on growth, this was reflected in the unable to become pupa when the third-stage nymph treated with double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and the developmental time delay (4-7 days) when pupae were treated with dsRNA for the 12 NR genes during molting compared with the development time in the control. CONCLUSION: This study provides insight into NR functions during the metamorphosis stages of Bemisia tabaci Q. Several candidate genes could be potential insecticide targets for whitefly pest control due to their important roles in insect development. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

6.
Anesthesiology ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996550

RESUMO

WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: Patients with depression are more likely to develop chronic pain and vice versa.Neuroimaging studies reveal that many brain regions implicated in depression also contribute to central pain processing.The mechanisms through which depressive states influence pain processing are poorly understood. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: Chemogenetic experiments in a mouse model of depression reveal the involvement of a neural circuitry between the central amygdala and the periaqueductal gray in nociception.In this mouse model, pathologically increased activity of inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid-mediated neurons in the central amygdala will result in the inhibition of inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid-mediated neurons in the periaqueductal gray. This, in turn, will lead to the activation of glutamatergic cells involved in periaqueductal gray-mediated nociception.These findings provide a framework for how the central amygdala-periaqueductal gray circuitry may play a role in coping with nociception in depressive states. BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying depression-associated pain remain poorly understood. Using a mouse model of depression, the authors hypothesized that the central amygdala-periaqueductal gray circuitry is involved in pathologic nociception associated with depressive states. METHODS: The authors used chronic restraint stress to create a mouse model of nociception with depressive-like behaviors. They then used retrograde tracing strategies to dissect the pathway from the central nucleus of the amygdala to the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray. The authors performed optogenetic and chemogenetic experiments to manipulate the activity of this pathway to explore its roles for nociception. RESULTS: The authors found that γ-aminobutyric acid-mediated (GABAergic) neurons from the central amygdala project onto GABAergic neurons of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, which, in turn, locally innervate their adjacent glutamatergic neurons. After chronic restraint stress, male mice displayed reliable nociception (control, mean ± SD: 0.34 ± 0.11 g, n = 7 mice; chronic restraint stress, 0.18 ± 0.11 g, n = 9 mice, P = 0.011). Comparable nociception phenotypes were observed in female mice. After chronic restraint stress, increased circuit activity was generated by disinhibition of glutamatergic neurons of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray by local GABAergic interneurons via receiving enhanced central amygdala GABAergic inputs. Inhibition of this circuit increased nociception in chronic restraint stress mice (median [25th, 75th percentiles]: 0.16 [0.16, 0.16] g to 0.07 [0.04, 0.16] g, n = 7 mice per group, P < 0.001). In contrast, activation of this pathway reduced nociception (mean ± SD: 0.16 ± 0.08 g to 0.34 ± 0.13 g, n = 7 mice per group, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that the central amygdala-ventrolateral periaqueductal gray pathway may mediate some aspects of pain symptoms under depression conditions.

7.
Nat Plants ; 6(1): 34-45, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932676

RESUMO

Rapeseed (Brassica napus) is the second most important oilseed crop in the world but the genetic diversity underlying its massive phenotypic variations remains largely unexplored. Here, we report the sequencing, de novo assembly and annotation of eight B. napus accessions. Using pan-genome comparative analysis, millions of small variations and 77.2-149.6 megabase presence and absence variations (PAVs) were identified. More than 9.4% of the genes contained large-effect mutations or structural variations. PAV-based genome-wide association study (PAV-GWAS) directly identified causal structural variations for silique length, seed weight and flowering time in a nested association mapping population with ZS11 (reference line) as the donor, which were not detected by single-nucleotide polymorphisms-based GWAS (SNP-GWAS), demonstrating that PAV-GWAS was complementary to SNP-GWAS in identifying associations to traits. Further analysis showed that PAVs in three FLOWERING LOCUS C genes were closely related to flowering time and ecotype differentiation. This study provides resources to support a better understanding of the genome architecture and acceleration of the genetic improvement of B. napus.

8.
Neuropsychobiology ; : 1-10, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD), but its pathophysiology is not definite. Lines of evidence have indicated that the hippocampus and serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptors are related to the regulation of depression. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to observe the effect of 5-HT1A receptors in the dorsal hippocampus (dHIP) on PD-related depression in rats. METHODS: Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesioning of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) was used to establish the hemiparkinsonian rat model. The effects of intra-dHIP injection of the 5-HT1A receptor -agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(dipropylamino)tetralin hydrobromide (8-OH-DPAT) or antagonist WAY-100635 on depressive-like behaviors were observed in sucrose preference and forced swim tests in control and lesioned rats. Monoamine levels including dopamine (DA), 5-HT, and noradrenaline (NA) in depression-related brain regions were determined by a neurochemical method in all groups. RESULTS: Behavioral results showed that MFB lesions induced depressive-like behaviors. Intra-dHIP injection of 8-OH-DPAT produced antidepressant effects, while WAY-100635 induced or increased the depressive-like behaviors in both control and the lesioned rats. Neurochemical results found that intra-dHIP injection of 8-OH-DPAT significantly increased DA and 5-HT levels in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), lateral habenula (LHb), ventral hippocampus and amygdala in the lesioned group and decreased NA levels in the mPFC and LHb in the control group. Moreover, after injection of WAY-100635, NA levels in all these regions of the lesioned group were significantly increased. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that hippocampal 5-HT1A receptors regulate depression and PD-related depression by neurochemical mechanisms.

9.
Pain ; 161(2): 416-428, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651582

RESUMO

Chronic pain and anxiety symptoms are frequently encountered clinically, but the neural circuit mechanisms underlying the comorbid anxiety symptoms in pain (CASP) in context of chronic pain remain unclear. Using viral neuronal tracing in mice, we identified a previously unknown pathway whereby glutamatergic neurons from layer 5 of the hindlimb primary somatosensory cortex (S1) (Glu), a well-known brain region involved in pain processing, project to GABAergic neurons in the caudal dorsolateral striatum (GABA). In a persistent inflammatory pain model induced by complete Freund's adjuvant injection, enhanced excitation of the Glu→GABA pathway was found in mice exhibiting CASP. Reversing this pathway using chemogenetic or optogenetic approaches alleviated CASP. In addition, the optical activation of Glu terminals in the cDLS produced anxiety-like behaviors in naive mice. Overall, the current study demonstrates the putative importance of a novel Glu→GABA pathway in controlling at least some aspects of CASP.

10.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 145(1): 391-401.e8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations affecting DNA polymerases have been implicated in genomic instability and cancer development, but the mechanisms by which they can affect the immune system remain largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the role of DNA polymerase δ1 catalytic subunit (POLD1) as the cause of a primary immunodeficiency in an extended kindred. METHODS: We performed whole-exome and targeted gene sequencing, lymphocyte characterization, molecular and functional analyses of the DNA polymerase δ (Polδ) complex, and T- and B-cell antigen receptor repertoire analysis. RESULTS: We identified a missense mutation (c. 3178C>T; p.R1060C) in POLD1 in 3 related subjects who presented with recurrent, especially herpetic, infections and T-cell lymphopenia with impaired T-cell but not B-cell proliferation. The mutation destabilizes the Polδ complex, leading to ineffective recruitment of replication factor C to initiate DNA replication. Molecular dynamics simulation revealed that the R1060C mutation disrupts the intramolecular interaction between the POLD1 CysB motif and the catalytic domain and also between POLD1 and the Polδ subunit POLD2. The patients exhibited decreased numbers of naive CD4 and especially CD8 T cells in favor of effector memory subpopulations. This skewing was associated with oligoclonality and restricted T-cell receptor ß-chain V-J pairing in CD8+ but not CD4+ T cells, suggesting that POLD1R1060C differentially affects peripheral CD8+ T-cell expansion and possibly thymic selection. CONCLUSION: These results identify gene defects in POLD1 as a novel cause of T-cell immunodeficiency.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121311, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585278

RESUMO

Metabolic uncouplers are widely used for reducing excess sludge in biological wastewater treatment systems. However, the formation of microbial products, such as extracellular polymeric substances, polyhydroxyalkanoate and soluble microbial products by activated sludge in the presence of metabolic uncouplers remains unrevealed. In this study, the impacts of a metabolic uncoupler o-chlorophenol (oCP) on the reduction of activated sludge yield and formation of microbial products in laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were evaluated for a long-term operation. The results show the average reduction of sludge yield in the four reactors was 17.40%, 25.80%, 33.02% and 39.50%, respectively, when dosing 5, 10, 15, and 20 mg/L oCP. The oCP addition slightly reduced the pollutant removal efficiency and decreased the formation of soluble microbial products in the SBRs, but stimulated the productions of extracellular polymeric substances and polyhydroxyalkanoate in activated sludge. Furthermore, the significant reduction of electronic transport system activity occurred after the oCP addition. Microbial community analysis of the activated sludge indicates dosing oCP resulted in a decrease of sludge richness and diversity in the SBRs. Hopefully, this study would provide useful information for reducing sludge yield in biological wastewater treatment systems and behaviors of activated sludge in the presence of uncouplers.

12.
Endocrinology ; 161(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837219

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is a potential life-threatening condition that may lead to injury to multiple organs, including the lung. The estrogen sulfotransferase (EST, or SULT1E1) is a conjugating enzyme that sulfonates and deactivates estrogens. In this report, we showed that the expression of Est was markedly induced in the liver but not in the lung of female mice subject to HS and resuscitation. Genetic ablation or pharmacological inhibition of Est effectively protected female mice from HS-induced acute lung injury (ALI), including interstitial edema, neutrophil mobilization and infiltration, and inflammation. The pulmonoprotective effect of Est ablation or inhibition was sex-specific, because the HS-induced ALI was not affected in male Est-/- mice. Mechanistically, the pulmonoprotective phenotype in female Est-/- mice was accompanied by increased lung and circulating levels of estrogens, attenuated pulmonary inflammation, and inhibition of neutrophil mobilization from the bone marrow and neutrophil infiltration to the lung, whereas the pulmonoprotective effect was abolished upon ovariectomy, suggesting that the protection was estrogen dependent. The pulmonoprotective effect of Est ablation was also tissue specific, as loss of Est had little effect on HS-induced liver injury. Moreover, transgenic reconstitution of human EST in the liver of global Est-/- mice abolished the pulmonoprotective effect, suggesting that it is the EST in the liver that sensitizes mice to HS-induced ALI. Taken together, our results revealed a sex- and tissue-specific role of EST in HS-induced ALI. Pharmacological inhibition of EST may represent an effective approach to manage HS-induced ALI.

13.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 162: 29-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836051

RESUMO

NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is an integral component of cytochrome P450-mediated biological reactions, such as the metabolism of xenobiotics, including insecticides. CPR has been reported to be associated with insecticide tolerance in several insects. However, the biochemical characteristics and biological function of CPR in Bemisia tabaci Q (BtCPR) remain undefined. In this study, BtCPR was cloned, and bioinformatic analysis showed that BtCPR is a transmembrane protein with a molecular weight (MW) of 76.73 kDa and contains conserved binding domains (FMN, FAD, and NADPH). Tissue- and developmental stage-dependent expression indicated that the highest expression levels of BtCPR occurred in head tissue and in male adults. Transcripts of BtCPR in the field B. tabaci Q strain were 1.62-fold higher than those of the laboratory B. tabaci Q strain. In both field and laboratory adults, the susceptibility of BtCPR-knockdown B. tabaci Q to imidacloprid substantially increased compared to that of the B. tabaci Q control group. Furthermore, the heterologous expression of BtCPR in Sf9 cells exhibited catalytic activity for cytochrome c reduction, following Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Sf9 cells overexpressing BtCPR had greater viability than the control cells when treated with imidacloprid. The results suggest that BtCPR could affect the susceptibility of B. tabaci Q to imidacloprid and could also be considered a novel target for pest control.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1624-1636, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309563

RESUMO

While hundreds of consistently altered metabolic genes had been identified in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the prognostic role of them remains to be further elucidated. Messenger RNA expression profiles and clinicopathological data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas-Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma and GSE14520 data set from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Univariate Cox regression analysis and lasso Cox regression model established a novel four-gene metabolic signature (including acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase 1, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 2, phosphatidylserine synthase 2, and uridine-cytidine kinase 2) for HCC prognosis prediction. Patients in the high-risk group shown significantly poorer survival than patients in the low-risk group. The signature was significantly correlated with other negative prognostic factors such as higher α-fetoprotein. The signature was found to be an independent prognostic factor for HCC survival. Nomogram including the signature shown some clinical net benefit for overall survival prediction. Furthermore, gene set enrichment analyses revealed several significantly enriched pathways, which might help explain the underlying mechanisms. Our study identified a novel robust four-gene metabolic signature for HCC prognosis prediction. The signature might reflect the dysregulated metabolic microenvironment and provided potential biomarkers for metabolic therapy and treatment response prediction in HCC.

15.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 665-671, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle fat content and fatty acid composition play an important role in poultry flavor and taste. To investigate the effects of pioglitazone hydrochloride (PGZ) on growth performance and thigh muscle quality in yellow-feathered chickens, 360 female chickens were randomly divided into three groups and treated with three doses of PGZ (0, 7.5, and 15 mg kg-1 ) for 28 days. Each group had six replicates of 20 chickens. RESULTS: The results showed that dietary supplementation with 15 mg kg-1 PGZ increased average daily feed intake (ADFI) and the average daily gain (ADG) from 0 to 14 days. Furthermore, the triglyceride (TG) level was decreased by 15 mg kg-1 PGZ, whereas the eviscerated yield was increased. The relative weight of the heart and kidneys showed a linear increase with dietary PGZ supplementation, and the drip loss of the thigh muscle was significantly decreased by 15 mg kg-1 PGZ supplementation. Moreover, a* value, intramuscular fat (IMF), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) showed a linear increase, and pH24 h and drip loss showed a quadratic influence with the levels of PGZ supplementation. In particular, the PUFA proportion was increased by 7.63% and 9.14% in the 7.5 mg kg-1 PGZ and 15 mg kg-1 PGZ groups, respectively. Additionally, 15 mg kg-1 of PGZ increased the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX ) activity. CONCLUSION: In summary, 15 mg kg-1 PGZ has substantial effects on growth performance and meat quality, particularly by decreasing drip loss and increasing IMF content, PUFA proportions, and antioxidant ability. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/química , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Pioglitazona/administração & dosagem , Coxa da Perna/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Carne/análise , Músculo Esquelético/química , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1234, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803617

RESUMO

Methyl-Cantharidimide (MCA) is a derivative of cantharidin which has potential anticancer activity. This study investigates the effect of MCA on the growth and metastasis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Human HCC HepG2 and Hep3B2.1-7 cells, and normal hepatocytes (L02) were treated with a series of concentrations of MCA. The inhibition ability of these cells was examined by CCK-8 assay. Cell cycle and cell apoptosis were determined using Flow Cytometry. The effect of MCA on cell migration and invasion was evaluated through scratch wound healing and transwell migration assays. Furthermore, Western blot was used to evaluate biomarkers associated with cell cycle and apoptosis. It was found that: (i) MCA inhibited cell proliferation in HCC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, especially in HepG2 cells; (ii) MCA arrested HCC cells in G-1 phase cell cycle; (iii) MCA induced HCC cells apoptosis; (iv) MCA inhibited the migration ability of HCC cells; and (v) MCA treatment significantly increased cleaved-caspase3 and decreased NF-κB protein in HCC cells. These results suggest that MCA has cytotoxic effect on HCC cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and promoting apoptosis. MCA could be developed as an previous anticancer drug for the treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 1862-1868, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of serum free light chain (sFLC) on renal function and prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed MM patients who received sFLC examination in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from April 2012 to November 2016. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors that associated with renal impairment (RI) and prognosis. Logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier analyze were used to analyze the roles of sFLC in RI and the prognosis. RESULTS: Out of the 70 patients, 20 patients had RI at the initial diagnosis. Compared to normal renal function group, RI group had lower level of hemoglobin, elevated levels of serum uric acid, corrected calcium, serum creatinine, serum ß2 microglobulin, and involved sFLC, higher proportion of patients with ISS stage III, involved sFLC≥500 mg/L, hemodialysis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum uric acid≥430 µmol/L, ISS stage III and a involved sFLC≥500 mg/L were all the independent risk factors for RI in patients with newly diagnosed MM patients (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis showed that the involved sFLC was 705.0 mg/L, which was a best cut-off value area under curve (AUC) for prediting RI in patients with MM was 0.727 (P=0.003), sensitivity was 65.0% and specificity was 82.0%). After a median follow-up period of 31 (1-84) months, the median overall survival (OS) of patients with involved sFLC≥500mg/L and involved sFLC<500 mg/L were 52.0 and 27.0 months, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.137). There was also no statistically significant difference in median OS between the high sFLC ratio group (κ/λ>32 or <0.03) and the low sFLC ratio group (0.03≤κ/λ≤32) (27 months vs 40 months, P=0.436). CONCLUSION: The involved sFLC in the RI group is significantly higher than that in the normal renal function group in newly diagnosed MM patients. Serum uric acid≥430 µmol/L, ISS stage III and involved sFLC≥500 mg/L are the independent risk factors for RI. Monitoring sFLC in newly diagnosed MM patients is helpful to the prediction of RI, and the involved sFLC level or sFLC ratio may not affect the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(6): 2705-2714, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854662

RESUMO

A comprehensive and scientific understanding of non-point source pollutant transport pathways and source apportionment in combined sewer systems is essential for managing and improving the urban water environment. This study analyzed build-up and wash-off processes of pollutants on road surfaces and in sewers within a catchment of combined sewer systems in a typical old district in Zhuhai. Besides, source apportionment of the entire urban non-point source pollution was investigated by using the mass conservation method. The outcomes revealed that the build-up load of road deposited sediments in the study area was (28.81±10.69) g·m-2. The average wash-off load of road deposited sediments during five different rainfall events was (19.27±10.90) g·m-2 and the wash-off percentage was (52.69±13.3)%. The event mean concentrations of suspended solids (SS) in road runoff were 52-109 mg·L-1, and the event mean concentrations of SS in sewer runoff were 68-158 mg·L-1. Source apportionment analysis showed that road runoff, domestic wastewater, and sewer sediments contributed 39%-72%, <20%, and 13%-56% to SS, respectively. The thickness of sewer sediments increased by 1-14 cm during light and moderate rains, and the thickness decreased by 7-17 cm during heavy rains. It was found that rainfall characteristics affected the contribution percentages of pollution sources. The contribution of pollution from road runoff, domestic sewage, and sewer sediments in combined sewer systems were 2%-52%, 9%-65%, and 8%-81%, respectively. The derived outcomes should be useful for developing recommendations to control non-point source pollution in combined sewer systems and improve urban receiving water quality in China.

19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 556, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While virus-vector-host interactions have been a major focus of both basic and applied ecological research, little is known about how different levels of plant defense interact with prior herbivory to affect these relationships. We used genetically-modified strains of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) varying in the jasmonic acid (JA) plant defense pathways to explore how plant defense and prior herbivory affects a plant virus (tomato yellow leaf curl virus, 'TYLCV'), its vector (the whitefly Bemisia tabaci MED), and the host. RESULTS: Virus-free MED preferred low-JA over high-JA plants and had lower fitness on high-JA plants. Viruliferous MED preferred low-JA plants but their survival was unaffected by JA levels. While virus-free MED did not lower plant JA levels, viruliferous MED decreased both JA levels and the expression of JA-related genes. Infestation by viruliferous MED reduced plant JA levels. In preference tests, neither virus-free nor viruliferous MED discriminated among JA-varying plants previously exposed to virus-free MED. However, both virus-free and viruliferous MED preferred low-JA plant genotypes when choosing between plants that had both been previously exposed to viruliferous MED. The enhanced preference for low-JA genotypes appears linked to the volatile compound neophytadiene, which was found only in whitefly-infested plants and at concentrations inversely related to plant JA levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings illustrate how plant defense can interact with prior herbivory to affect both a plant virus and its whitefly vector, and confirm the induction of neophytadiene by MED. The apparent attraction of MED to neophytadiene may prove useful in pest detection and management.

20.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845200

RESUMO

Sarcopenic obesity (SO) refers to an obesity disease accompanied by low skeletal muscle quality, strength and/or function, which is more common in the elderly and seriously affects their quality of life and can lead to falls, unstable walking, balance disorders and fractures in the elderly. The increase in aging populations and the various health problems and medical costs associated with SO have aroused widespread concern in society. However, the pathogenesis of SO has not been fully clarified and the diagnostic criteria are not uniform, meaning that there are inconsistent data on the prevalence of SO and the potential correlation between SO and health outcomes. Therefore, we review the research progress on delineating the pathogenesis and diagnostic criteria of SO, to assist in the early diagnosis and evaluation of SO and subsequent interventions.

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