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1.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies report elevated serum titanium (Ti) levels in children with spinal implants. To provide additional data on this topic, we sought to assess serum ion levels at multiple timepoints in pediatric patients with growing spine devices, spinal fusion instrumentation, and extremity implants placed for fracture treatment. We hypothesized that serum Ti, cobalt (Co), and chromium (Cr) levels would be elevated in pediatric patients with growing spine devices compared with patients with extremity implants. METHODS: Pediatric patients undergoing any primary spine implant placement, those with spine implant revision or removal surgery and patients with other appendicular implant removal had serum Ti, Co, and Cr ion levels drawn at the time of surgery. Fifty-one patients (12 growing spine devices, 13 fusions, and 26 extremity implants) had one set of labs, 31 of whom had labs drawn both preoperatively and postoperatively. Biopsies obtained from tissue specimens at the time of implant revision were analyzed histologically for the presence of metal debris and macrophage activity. RESULTS: Patients with growing spine implants had elevated serum Ti (3.3 vs. 1.9 ng/mL, P=0.01) and Cr levels (1.2 vs. 0.27 ng/mL, P=0.01) in comparison to patients with fusion rods or extremity implants. With respect to patients with extremity implants, patients with growing spine devices had elevated serum Ti (3.3 vs. 0.98 ng/mL, P=0.013), Co (0.63 vs. 0.26 ng/mL, P=0.017), and Cr levels (1.18 vs. 0.26 ng/mL, P=0.005). On matched pairs analysis, patients who had labs drawn before and after spine implantation had significant increase in serum Ti levels (0.57 vs. 3.3 ng/mL, P=0.02). Histology of tissue biopsies adjacent to growing spine implants showed presence of metal debris and increased macrophage activity compared with patients with extremity implants. CONCLUSION: Serum Ti, Co, and Cr levels are elevated in children with spinal implants compared with those with extremity implants, particularly in those with growing spine devices. However, the clinical significance of these findings remains to be determined. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II-prospective comparative study.

2.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551329

RESUMO

Vascularization following spinal cord injury (SCI) provides trophic support for rebuilding up and maintaining the homeostasis of neuronal networks, and the promotion of angiogenesis is beneficial for functional recovery after SCI. M2 macrophages have been reported to exhibit powerful pro-angiogenic functions during tissue repair. Exosomes are important paracrine mediators of their parent cells and play critical roles in tissue regeneration. However, the role of M2 macrophage-derived exosomes (M2-Exos) in SCI is still largely unknown. In the present study, we determined that M2-Exos could augment the angiogenic activities of spinal cord microvascular endothelial cells (SCMECs) in vitro. Hydrogel-mediated sustained release of M2-Exos significantly promoted vascular regeneration and functional recovery in mice after SCI. Furthermore, proteomics analysis showed that ubiquitin thioesterase otulin (OTULIN) protein was highly enriched in M2-Exos. Functional assays demonstrated that OTULIN protein was required for the M2-Exos-induced pro-angiogenic effects in SCMECs, as well as positive effects on vascular regeneration, cell proliferation, and functional recovery in the mouse model of SCI. Mechanically, OTULIN from M2-Exos could activate the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by increasing the protein level of ß-catenin via inhibiting its ubiquitination and trigger the expression of angiogenesis-related genes that are reported to be the downstream targets of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Inhibition of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by ICG001 markedly attenuated the pro-angiogenic activities of M2-Exos in vitro/vivo. Our findings indicate that M2-Exos positively modulate vascular regeneration and neurological functional recovery after SCI by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling through the transfer of OTULIN protein. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: M2 macrophages have been identified to promote vascular regeneration, cell proliferation and tissue growth after spinal cord injury (SCI), which is beneficial to the functional recovery. Exosomes are essential paracrine mediators involved in cell-to-cell communication and play important roles in tissue regeneration. In the present study, we revealed that M2 macrophages-derived exosomes (M2-Exos) could promote functional recovery post SCI by targeting angiogenesis. We demonstrated for the first time that OTULIN protein from M2-Exos mediated the angiogenic effects through activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling and triggering the expression of angiogenic-related genes in spinal cord microvascular endothelial cells (SCMECs). The hydrogel-M2-Exos sustained released system provides potential therapeutic clues of local cell-free interventions for the treatment of SCI.

3.
Micron ; 150: 103143, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517293

RESUMO

In order to explore the mechanism underlying chemosensation in Eocanthecona furcellata, the external morphology of its antennae and the type, quantity, distribution and ultrastructure of the sensilla were observed on both sexes of adults and 5th-instar nymphs using scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the antennae of E. furcellata consisted of three parts: scape, pedicel and flagellum. There were five types of sensilla on the antennae, which included sensilla trichoidea (ST), sensilla chaetica (SCh), sensilla coeloconica (SCo), sensilla basiconica (SB) and squamifornia denticles (SD). Further, there were 4 subtypes of ST and SB and 2 subtypes of SCo and SCh. The number of sensilla on nymphs was significantly lower than that on adults. The antennae of adults showed sexual dimorphism, as the number of sensilla on female adults was higher than that on male adults. SB4 was found only on females and SCo2 was found only on males. These inter-sexual differences may be related to chemoreception of sex pheromone and chemical predation location. The morphology and putative functions of each sensilla were compared and discussed. These results provide a reference for further study of the behavioral biology, chemical ecology and electrophysiology of insects, and also provides a scientific basis for new ways of biological control.

4.
Food Funct ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515716

RESUMO

The current study aimed to evaluate the protective activity of peptides isolated from Jinhua ham (JHP) against alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and the mechanisms by which JHP prevents against ALD. The tangential flow filtration (TFF) combined with size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) were used to isolate the JHP. Then the hepatoprotective activity of peptides was evaluated through experiments in mice. The primary structure of the peptide with the strongest liver protective activity was Lys-Arg-Gln-Lys-Tyr-Asp (KRQKYD) and the peptide was derived from the myosin of Jinhua ham, which were both identified by LC-MS/MS. Furthermore, the mechanism of KRQKYD prevention against ALD was attributed to the fact that KRQKYD increases the abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila in the gut and decreases the abundance of Proteobacteria (especially Escherichia_Shigella). The LPS-mediated liver inflammatory cascade was reduced by protecting the intestinal barrier, increasing the tight connection of intestinal epithelial cells and reducing the level of LPS in the portal venous circulation. KRQKYD could inhibit the production of ROS by upregulating the expression of the NRF2/HO-1 antioxidant defense system and by reducing oxidative stress injury in liver cells. This study can provide a theoretical foundation for the application of JHP in the protection of liver from ALD.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 1695087, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484559

RESUMO

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating disease of the central nervous system with long-term disability and high mortality worldwide. Revascularization following SCI provides nutritional supports to rebuild and maintain the homeostasis of neuronal networks, and the subsequent promotion of angiogenesis is beneficial for functional recovery. Oxidative stress drastically produced following SCI has been contributed to endothelial dysfunction and the limited endogenous repair of microvasculature. Recently, exosomes, being regarded as potential therapeutic candidates for many kinds of diseases, have attracted great attentions due to its high bioavailability, safety, and stability. Microglia have been reported to exhibit proangiogenic function and guide the forming of vasculature during tissue repair. However, the specific role of microglia-derived exosomes (MG-Exos) played in SCI is still largely unknown. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate whether MG-Exos could protect spinal cord microvascular endothelial cells (SCMECs) against the toxic effects of oxidative stress, thus promote SCMECs' survival and function. We also investigated the protective effects of MG-Exos in the mouse model of SCI to verify their capability. Our results demonstrated that MG-Exo treatment significantly decreased the level of oxidative stress (ROS), as well as did the protein levels of NOX2 when bEnd.3 cells were exposed to H2O2-induced oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Functional assays showed that MG-Exos could improve the survival and the ability of tube formation and migration in H2O2-induced bEnd.3 in vitro. Moreover, MG-Exos exhibited the positive effects on vascular regeneration and cell proliferation, as well as functional recovery, in the mouse model of SCI. Mechanically, the keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway was also investigated in order to unveil its molecular mechanism, and the results showed that MG-Exos could increase the protein levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 via inhibiting the keap1; they also triggered the expression of its downstream antioxidative-related genes, such as NQo1, Gclc, Cat, and Gsx1. Our findings indicated that MG-Exos exerted an antioxidant effect and positively modulated vascular regeneration and neurological functional recovery post-SCI by activating keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling.

6.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 272, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes, internal proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids coated by phospholipid bilayer membranes, are one type of small extracellular vesicles, which can mediate cell-cell communication. In recent years, exosomes have gained considerable scientific interest due to their widely applied prospect in the diagnosis and therapeutics of human and animal diseases. In this study, we describe for the first time a feasible method designed to isolate and characterize exosomes from feline plasma, urine and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. RESULTS: Exosomes from feline plasma, urine and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were successfully isolated by differential centrifugation. Quantification and sizing of exosomes were assessed by transmission electron microscopy, flow nano analysis and western blotting. Detected particles showed the normal size (30-100 nm) and morphology described for exosomes, as well as presence of the transmembrane protein (TSG101, CD9, CD63, and CD81) known as exosomal marker. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that differential centrifugation is a feasible method for isolation of exosomes from different types of feline samples. Moreover, these exosomes can be used to further diagnosis and therapeutics in veterinary pre-clinical and clinical studies.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e26958, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks as the sixth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, local and systemic therapies are beneficial for those who have more advanced disease or are not suitable for radical treatment. We aim to investigate the clinical outcomes of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus sorafenib compared with sorafenib monotherapy for intermediate-advanced HCC. METHODS: A systematic search according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines in the PubMed database was conducted from inception to December 31, 2020 for published studies comparing survival outcomes and tumor response between TACE + sorafenib and sorafenib alone for intermediate-advanced HCC. RESULTS: Five eligible cohort studies and a randomized controlled trial with a total of 3015 patients were identified. We found that the TACE + sorafenib group had a significantly better overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio, 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.66-0.88, P < .001) than those treated with sorafenib. Median OS ranged from 7.0 to 22.0 months with TACE + sorafenib and from 5.9 to 18.0 months with sorafenib. The combination of TACE + sorafenib had a significantly better time to progression (hazard ratio, 0.74; 95% CI 0.65-0.82, P < .001) than those treated with sorafenib. Median time to progression ranged from 2.5 to 5.3 months with TACE + sorafenib and from 2.1 to 2.8 months with sorafenib. The results showed the TACE + sorafenib group had a higher disease control rate (log odds ratio, 0.52; 95% CI 0.25-0.80, P = .0002), objective response rate (log odds ratio, 0.85; 95% CI 0.37-1.33, P = .0006) than sorafenib group. Hand-foot skin reaction, diarrhea, fatigue, vomiting, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation were common adverse events. The adverse events were similar between the 2 groups excluding elevated ALT. CONCLUSION: Although the TACE + sorafenib group had a higher elevated ALT, the combination of TACE + sorafenib had an OS benefit compared with sorafenib in the treatment of intermediate-advanced HCC. Further research is necessary to affirm this finding and clarify whether certain subgroups benefit from different combinations between TACE and sorafenib.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico
8.
J Anesth ; 35(5): 654-662, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the effects of sevoflurane exposure during different stages of pregnancy on the brain development of offspring. METHODS: Thirty-six pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, sevoflurane exposure in early (S1) pregnancy, sevoflurane exposure in middle (S2) pregnancy, and sevoflurane exposure in late (S3) pregnancy. After natural birth, the learning and memory capacity of offspring rats was analyzed using the Morris water maze experiment. The hippocampi of offspring rats were collected. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the hippocampus were measured by ELISA. Additionally, the Nissl bodies in the hippocampus were analyzed using Nissl staining. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of BDNF and CPEB2 in the hippocampus of offspring. Proteins related to the NR4A1/NF-κB pathway were analyzed using western blotting. RESULTS: The memory and learning capacity of offspring rats was significantly reduced in the S1 and S2 groups compared to the control group (p < 0.05), while there was no obvious difference between the control and S3 groups (p > 0.05). The level of IL-1ß was significantly increased (p < 0.05) in the S1 group compared with the control group. Sevoflurane anesthesia received in early and middle pregnancy could significantly affect the formation of Nissl bodies in the hippocampi of offspring rats. In addition, the expression of BDNF and CPEB2 in the hippocampi of offspring rats was greatly decreased in the S1 group compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The expression of NR4A1 in the hippocampi of rat offspring was significantly decreased in the S1 and S2 groups compared with the control group (p < 0.05). The expression of proteins related to the NF-κB pathway was increased in the S1 group compared to the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The neurotoxic effect of maternal sevoflurane anesthesia on the brain development of offspring is higher when the exposure occurs in early pregnancy than in late pregnancy, and its mechanism might involve the NR4A1/NF-κB pathway to increase the secretion of inflammatory cytokines.

9.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299518

RESUMO

To monitor the illegal used of furaltadone, a highly sensitive indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) and fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (FLISA) based on a monoclonal antibody (mAb) were developed for the detection of 3-amino-5-methylmorpholino-2-oxazolidinone (AMOZ), the major metabolite of furaltadone in animal tissues. The highly specific mAb, which was very sensitive to a nitrophenyl derivative of AMOZ (2-NP-AMOZ) with IC50 values of 0.11 and 0.09 ng/mL for ic-ELISA and FLISA, respectively, was selected for the development of immunoassays. For both the ic-ELISA and FLISA for AMOZ-spiked experiments, acceptable recovery rates of 81.1-105.3% and coefficients of variation of 4.7-9.8% were obtained. In addition, results from both ic-ELISA and FLISA methods for spiked samples' data showed excellent correlation coefficients ranging from 0.9652 to 0.9927. Meanwhile, the proposed ic-ELISA and FLISA for thirty spiked samples were confirmed by standard LC-MS/MS with high correlation coefficients of 0.9911 and 0.9921, respectively. These results suggest that the developed ic-ELISA and FLISA are valid and cost-effective tools for high-throughput monitoring methods for AMOZ residues in animal tissues.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Morfolinos/análise , Morfolinos/imunologia , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Fluorimunoensaio/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Imunoadsorventes/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4144, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230476

RESUMO

To investigate the duration of humoral immune response in convalescent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, we conduct a 12-month longitudinal study through collecting a total of 1,782 plasma samples from 869 convalescent plasma donors in Wuhan, China and test specific antibody responses. The results show that positive rate of IgG antibody against receptor-binding domain of spike protein (RBD-IgG) to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the COVID-19 convalescent plasma donors exceeded 70% for 12 months post diagnosis. The level of RBD-IgG decreases with time, with the titer stabilizing at 64.3% of the initial level by the 9th month. Moreover, male plasma donors produce more RBD-IgG than female, and age of the patients positively correlates with the RBD-IgG titer. A strong positive correlation between RBD-IgG and neutralizing antibody titers is also identified. These results facilitate our understanding of SARS-CoV-2-induced immune memory to promote vaccine and therapy development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Receptores Virais/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto , Animais , Doadores de Sangue , COVID-19/terapia , Linhagem Celular , China , Chlorocebus aethiops , Convalescença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral/imunologia , Imunização Passiva , Memória Imunológica/imunologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Células Vero
11.
Helicobacter ; 26(5): e12839, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The decreasing Helicobacter pylori eradication rate and the increasing antibiotic resistance trend are of great concern. Therefore, new and effective therapies are needed for H. pylori infection. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of semisynthetic tetracycline regimens in H. pylori treatment. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library were searched. The outcome indicators were the eradication rate, risk ratio (RR, ie, the risk of the semisynthetic tetracycline regimen relative to the control), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Controls were patients undergoing any other treatment without semisynthetic tetracycline. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies with 5240 participants were included. The eradication rates of triple regimens with semisynthetic tetracyclines in most studies were less than 70% in both the intention-to-treat (ITT) and the per-protocol (PP) analyses. The pooled eradication rates of quadruple therapies with doxycycline and controls were 95% and 84% in the PP analyses, respectively. The pooled RR associated with efficacy in the quadruple therapy with doxycycline group compared with the control group was 1.12 (95% CI: 1.04-1.20) in the PP analysis. The pooled RR of side effects in the quadruple therapy with doxycycline group compared with the control group was 1.01 (95% CI: 0.65-1.55). CONCLUSION: Seven-day and ten-day quadruple therapy with doxycycline might be an optional first-line therapy. The safety of regimens containing semisynthetic tetracyclines was relatively satisfactory. However, the triple regimen is not recommended.

12.
Food Chem ; 364: 130356, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147870

RESUMO

The present study illustrated modulation of protein aggregation by affecting disulfide/sulfhydryl exchange reactions by adding different concentrations of free thiol represented by reduced-glutathione (GSH) for modulating myofibrillar protein (MP) gel properties at 75 °C or 95 °C. Gel strength and rheological results showed the effects of GSH were dependent on the concentrations (5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 g/kg) and heating temperatures. SEM results showed that the addition of GSH improved the gel microstructure at 95 °C. AFM and DLS results indicated that protein aggregation was also inhibited. At 75 °C, the addition of GSH influenced both MP aggregation and gel properties. Low concentrations (5, 10 g/kg) of GSH promoted aggregation, whereas high concentrations (20, 40, and 80 g/kg) of GSH inhibited this. By analyzing the protein structure and cross-linking pattern changes of MP and MP/GSH composites, a pathway involving GSH influencing MP gel properties was determined.


Assuntos
Proteínas Musculares , Miofibrilas , Dissulfetos , Géis , Glutationa , Temperatura
13.
Biotechnol Lett ; 43(9): 1699-1714, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189671

RESUMO

Bama minipig is a unique miniature swine bred from China. Their favorable characteristics include delicious meat, strong adaptability, tolerance to rough feed, and high levels of stress tolerance. Unfavorable characteristics are their low lean meat percentage, high fat content, slow growth rate, and low feed conversion ratio. Genome-editing technology using CRISPR/Cas9 efficiently knocked out the myostatin gene (MSTN) that has a negative regulatory effect on muscle production, effectively promoting pig muscle growth and increasing lean meat percentage of the pigs. However, CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology is based on random mutations implemented by DNA double-strand breaks, which may trigger genomic off-target effects and chromosomal rearrangements. The application of CRISPR/Cas9 to improve economic traits in pigs has raised biosafety concerns. Base editor (BE) developed based on CRISPR/Cas9 such as cytosine base editor (CBE) effectively achieve targeted modification of a single base without relying on DNA double-strand breaks. Hence, the method has greater safety in the genetic improvement of pigs. The aim of the present study is to utilize a modified CBE to generate MSTN-knockout cells of Bama minipigs. Our results showed that the constructed "all-in-one"-modified CBE plasmid achieved directional conversion of a single C·G base pair to a T·A base pair of the MSTN target in Bama miniature pig fibroblast cells. We successfully constructed multiple single-cell colonies of Bama minipigs fibroblast cells carrying the MSTN premature termination and verified that there were no genomic off-target effects detected. This study provides a foundation for further application of somatic cell cloning to construct MSTN-edited Bama minipigs that carry only a single-base mutation and avoids biosafety risks to a large extent, thereby providing experience and a reference for the base editing of other genetic loci in Bama minipigs.

14.
Interv Neuroradiol ; : 15910199211026712, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical outcome and angiographic outcome data of Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device for the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are limited. We conducted a meta-analysis of the latest literature on the WEB device in the treatment of ruptured IAs. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of 4 databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane library, and Embase) was conducted for studies published from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020. Two reviewers independently extracted variables (aneurysm and patient characteristics) using a prespecified data-collection sheet. Outcomes studied included initial and latest follow-up angiographic outcomes, technical success rate, perioperative mortality, retreated rate, perioperative re-bleeding, complication, intraoperative rupture, favorable neurologic outcome at discharge. We used random-effects model to pool the data. RESULTS: We finally presented the results of 7 articles including 276 patients with 283 aneurysms. Initial complete and adequate occlusion rate were 38% (95% CI, 25%-50%) and 98% (95% CI, 95%-100%), respectively. Latest follow-up complete and adequate occlusion rate were 61% (95% CI, 46%-75%) and 91% (95% CI, 84%-98%), respectively.Technical success rate was 99% (95% CI, 98%-100%). Perioperative mortality rates and perioperative re-bleeding rate were 9% (95% CI, 3%-15%) and 1% (95% CI, 0%-2%), respectively. Retreated rate was 6% (95% CI, 3%-10%). Overall and WEB treatment-related thromboembolic complication was 10% (95% CI, 6%-13%) and 7% (95% CI, 2%-12%), respectively. Intraoperative rupture rate was 3% (95% CI, 0%-6%). CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment of ruptured IAs with the WEB device has a good safety profile and an acceptable aneurysm occlusion rate.

15.
Meat Sci ; 179: 108527, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962166

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of low voltage electrostatic field (LVEF) on the microstructure damage and protein structure changes of prepared beef steak during freezing. The scanning electron microscopy results showed that LVEF-assisted freezing (LVEFF) minimized the gaps in the cross section between muscle fibers induced by freezing and thus improved fiber compactness. Furthermore, LVEFF reduced the length of the enlarged sarcomere, repaired the Z-line fractures, and intensified the dismission of the A band in the air-blast freezing (AF) process. The decreased carbonyl content and increased total sulfhydryl content indicated that LVEFF reduced protein oxidation in the freezing process. In addition, the results of Raman spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy revealed that LVEFF minimized the changes in protein secondary and tertiary structures during freezing. In conclusion, utilization of LVEF in the freezing of prepared beef steak could reduce both the microstructure damage and protein structure changes in the freezing process.


Assuntos
Alimentos Congelados , Produtos da Carne/análise , Eletricidade Estática , Animais , Bovinos , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Congelamento , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/veterinária , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/ultraestrutura , Sarcômeros
16.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0246649, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961624

RESUMO

ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters are a class of superfamily transmembrane proteins that are commonly observed in natural organisms. The ABCC (ATP-binding cassette C subfamily) protein belongs to a subfamily of the ABC protein family and is a multidrug resistance-associated transporter that localizes to the tonoplast and plays a significant role in pathogenic microbial responses, heavy metal regulation, secondary metabolite transport, and plant growth. Recent studies have shown that the ABCC protein is also involved in the transport of anthocyanins/proanthocyanidins (PAs). To clarify the types and numbers of ABCC genes involved in PA transport in Gossypium hirsutum, the phylogenetic evolution, physical location, and structure of ABCC genes were classified by bioinformatic methods in the upland cotton genome, and the expression levels of these genes were analyzed at different developmental stages of the cotton fiber. The results showed that 42 ABCC genes were initially identified in the whole genome of upland cotton; they were designated GhABCC1-42. The gene structure and phylogenetic analysis showed that the closely related ABCC genes were structurally identical. The analysis of chromosomal localization demonstrated that there were no ABCC genes on the chromosomes of AD/At2, AD/At5, AD/At6, AD/At10, AD/At12, AD/At13, AD/Dt2, AD/Dt6, AD/Dt10, and AD/Dt13. Outside the genes, there were ABCC genes on other chromosomes, and gene clusters appeared on the two chromosomes AD/At11 and AD/Dt8. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that some ABCC proteins in G. hirsutum were clustered with those of Arabidopsis thaliana, Vitis vinifera and Zea mays, which are known to function in anthocyanin/PA transport. The protein structure prediction indicated that the GhABCC protein structure is similar to the AtABCC protein in A. thaliana, and most of these proteins have a transmembrane domain. At the same time, a quantitative RT-PCR analysis of 42 ABCC genes at different developmental stages of brown cotton fiber showed that the relative expression levels of GhABCC24, GhABCC27, GhABCC28, GhABCC29 and GhABCC33 were consistent with the trend of PA accumulation, which may play a role in PA transport. These results provide a theoretical basis for further analysis of the function of the cotton ABCC genes and their role in the transport of PA.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/metabolismo , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , Família Multigênica/genética , Filogenia
17.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(6): 557, 2021 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050133

RESUMO

Maintaining proper mitochondrial respiratory function is crucial for alleviating cardiac metabolic disorders during obesity, and mitophagy is critically involved in this process. Long non-coding RNA H19 (H19) is crucial for metabolic regulation, but its roles in cardiac disorders, mitochondrial respiratory function, and mitophagy during obesity are largely unknown. In this study, palmitic acid (PA)-treated H9c2 cell and Lep-/- mice were used to investigate cardiac metabolic disorders in vitro and in vivo, respectively. The effects of H19 on metabolic disorders, mitochondrial respiratory function, and mitophagy were investigated. Moreover, the regulatory mechanisms of PA, H19, mitophagy, and respiratory function were examined. The models tested displayed a reduction in H19 expression, respiratory function and mitochondrial number and volume, while the expression of mitophagy- and Pink1/Parkin signaling-related proteins was upregulated, as indicated using quantitative real-time PCR, Seahorse mitochondrial stress test analyzer, transmission electron microscopy, fluorescence indicators and western blotting. Forced expression of H19 helped to the recoveries of respiratory capacity and mitochondrial number while inhibited the levels of mitophagy- and Pink1/Parkin signaling-related proteins. Pink1 knockdown also attenuated PA-induced mitophagy and increased respiratory capacity. Mechanistically, RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry, and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation assays showed that H19 could hinder the binding of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A, isoform 2 (eIF4A2) with Pink1 mRNA, thus inhibiting the translation of Pink1 and attenuation of mitophagy. PA significantly increased the methylation levels of the H19 promoter region by upregulation Dnmt3b methylase levels, thereby inhibiting H19 transcription. Collectively, these findings suggest that DNA methylation-mediated the downregulation of H19 expression plays a crucial role in cardiomyocyte or H9c2 cells metabolic disorders and induces cardiac respiratory dysfunction by promoting mitophagy. H19 inhibits excessive mitophagy by limiting Pink1 mRNA translation, thus alleviating this cardiac defect that occurs during obesity.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitofagia/genética , Obesidade/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Camundongos , Obesidade/patologia , Ratos , Smegmamorpha , Transfecção
18.
Food Chem ; 360: 129952, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000632

RESUMO

This study explored the effects of ß-glucan and various processing methods on the digestion of hulless barley starch in vitro. The whole hulless barley showed significantly lower starch digestibility compared to that hydrolyzed by ß-glucanase, indicating that ß-glucan had inhibitory effects on starch digestion. However, ß-glucan slightly accelerated the hydrolysis of extracted starch. Microscope observations of grains and flours revealed that the inhibitory effects of ß-glucan benefited from the integral cellular structure of hulless barley. Besides, the hulless barley processed through flaking-roasting and stir-frying exhibited significantly lower starch digestibility (41.5% and 38.9%, respectively) and considerable intact cells and starch granules. The hulless barley processed by steam flash-explosion showed moderate starch digestibility (48.2%), which may be attributed to the encapsulation of starch-protein-ß-glucan complexes. This elucidated the possible mechanism of ß-glucan limiting the hydrolysis of hulless barley starch and provided useful direction to produce hulless barley products with desirable starch digestibility.


Assuntos
Hordeum/química , Amido/química , beta-Glucanas/química , Digestão , Hidrólise , Técnicas In Vitro , Viscosidade
19.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 648040, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842394

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of hosts, antimicrobial susceptibility, and molecular epidemiology of mucoid serotype 3 Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) isolated from children in China. Method: S. pneumoniae isolates collected between January 2016 and December 2019 were analyzed. S. pneumoniae isolates with mucoid phenotype were selected visually, and serotype 3 isolates were confirmed by Quellung reaction. The antimicrobial susceptibility was measured by E-test. Multilocus sequence typing was used for clonal analysis. Results: Twenty (3.04%) isolates of mucoid serotype 3 S. pneumoniae were identified from 657 clinical isolates, and all of them were noninvasive strains. The mean age of the hosts was 5.69 ± 3.28 years. The isolates included: 50.0% from the dissected tonsil or adenoid tissue in children with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, 45.0% from sputum or bronchial lavages in children with pneumonia, and 5.0% from vaginal secretions of one patient with vulvovaginitis. All isolates were susceptible to penicillin, cefuroxime, ceftriaxone, meropenem, vancomycin, levofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and rifampin but resistant to erythromycin. Sequence type (ST)505 and its clonal complex (CC) were the main genotypes (95%). Antimicrobial susceptibility of ST180 and ST505 were compared, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ST505 isolates was significantly higher than that of ST180 for tetracycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and meropenem. Conclusions: Mucoid serotype 3 Streptococcus pneumoniae can be isolated from various body parts, among which the respiratory system is the most common. It can cause noninvasive infection in children, and it has high susceptibility to a variety of antibiotics, especially ß-lactams, but is resistant to macrolides. CC505 is the novel clonal complex found in China, which may be related to the worldwide mainstream clonal complex (CC180) but has its own biological characteristics.


Assuntos
Infecções Pneumocócicas , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções Pneumocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Sorogrupo
20.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(8): 1599-1608, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646449

RESUMO

In China, there is a high prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori infections in the population. The aim of the study was to assess a new ARMS-PCR test for detection of H. pylori clarithromycin resistance (CR) and quinolone resistance (QR) mutations and evaluate the spectrum of antibiotic resistance in patients from three Chinese provinces. Sanger sequencing and multiplex ARMS-PCR were used to detect H. pylori CR and QR bacteria in gastric biopsy samples. Among the 1,182 patients enrolled with gastritis, 643 (54.4%) were positive for H. pylori. Of these, 371 (57.7%) had antibiotic-resistant strains, comprising 236 (63.6%) with a single drug antibiotic-resistant strain and 135 (36.4%) with multiple drug-resistant strains. Following Sanger sequencing analysis of 23S rRNA and gyrA gene for mutations (antibiotic resistance markers), rates of CR, QR, and multidrug resistance (CR and QR) were 19.9, 12.0, and 25.8%, respectively. The 23S rRNA CR mutation A2143G (286, 96.9%) and the gyrA QR mutations C261A (85, 31.5%) and G271A (71, 26.3%) were common. Benchmarking against Sanger sequencing results, multiplex ARMS-PCR test had a high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for detection of CR (96 and 93%), QR (95 and 92%) and multidrug resistance (95 and 95%). Based on our findings, the high incidence of single and multiple antibiotic resistance requires the routine checking of antibiotic resistance in all patients with suspected H. pylori infections. Multiplex ARMS-PCR is a simple and rapid test that can be now used for more efficient treatment of H. pylori infections and reduces the misuse of antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Claritromicina/farmacologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , DNA Girase/genética , DNA Girase/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Feminino , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 23S/genética
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