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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120249, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391994

RESUMO

To obtain efficient pure organic thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials, introducing non-metal heavy atoms is the common molecular design strategy, enhancing the intrinsically weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) between singlet and triplet excited states by heavy-atom effect. However, the effect of heavy atom replacement sites is rarely explored. Herein, two series of molecules are investigated on the basis of different heavy atoms replacement sites to reveal the inherent structure-property relationships. The results show that DMSeC-DPS, which O is replaced with Se in periphery of donor units, could exhibit enhanced TADF performance. Because (i) sufficiently small singlet-triplet states energy gap (ΔEST) and enhanced SOC as well as mixed CT/LE character in T1 state could facilitate reverse intersystem crossing process, and (ii) non-radiative consumption are decreased for S1→S0 transition. Additionally, replacement of As at the connection site between donor and acceptor units folds evidently the geometry, leading to much larger ΔEST and enhanced exponentially SOC between T1 and S0 state due to the great participation of heavy atoms of the frontier molecules orbitals and heavy-atom effect. The pure LE character leads to relative stability and slight non-radiative consumption in T1 state. The luminescent way of DMOC-As-DPS would be transformed to phosphorescence. This work provides updated theoretical perspective for the effect of heavy atoms replacement sites and proposes a design strategy for the utilization of non-metal heavy atoms in efficiency organic lighting emitting diodes.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131627, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311400

RESUMO

The discharge of recalcitrant and persistent organic pollutants into the environment and subsequent adverse impacts on the ecosystem has aroused a great concern all over the world. In this study, dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) non-thermal plasma was employed to eliminate bisphenol A (BPA). The influences of several vital experimental parameters, including discharge voltage, initial pH of solution, and rate of water flow on degradation of BPA, were explored in detail. In addition, the real wastewater from pharmaceutical factory was utilized to test the oxidation performance of DBD system. 96.8% chemical oxygen demand removal was achieved using DBD system. Radical quenching experiment as well as electron paramagnetic resonance test demonstrated that •OH was the main reactive oxygen species for the degradation of BPA. Moreover, eight major BPA degradation intermediates were identified by UPLC-MS. Ultimately, based on the UPLC-MS test results, a possible degradation pathway of BPA was proposed.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Cromatografia Líquida , Ecossistema , Fenóis , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Int J Womens Health ; 13: 1005-1015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737649

RESUMO

Purpose: Early-stage cervical cancer is usually diagnosed by colposcopy-directed biopsy (CDB) and/or endocervical curettage (ECC), but some neglected lesions must be detected by conization because they are occult. This study aimed to explore the optimal method for detecting these "occult" cervical cancers. Patients and Methods: A total of 1299 patients who were high-risk for early-stage cervical cancer from five centres in China were prospectively included. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of cytology, HPV testing, colposcopy and CDB&ECC for detecting "occult" cervical cancer and discussed the diagnostic importance of transformation zone (TZ) type, conization length and the proportion of cervical cone excision. Results: The diagnostic agreement between colposcopy impression and conization was 64.5% and 72.4% between CDB&ECC and conization. Forty-two patients were finally diagnosed with pathologic cancer, and the sensitivities of cytology, colposcopy, CDB&ECC were 4.8%, 7.1%, and 47.4%, respectively. Twenty cases were neglected by CDB&ECC but further diagnosed as cancer by conization, considered to be occult cervical cancer, accounting for 1.6%. Cytologic high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)+, positive HPV, biopsy HSIL+ and cervical TZ type 3 were considered risk factors for developing HSIL+, while colposcopy impression HSIL+ was not. There was a significant difference between cancerous and HSIL patients in the proportion of cervical cone excision (P<0.001), which was recognized as a risk factor (P<0.001) for detecting cancer, while the length of cervical cone excision was not. The average proportion was 0.62, and the minimal effective proportion was 0.56. Conclusion: Since the incidence of occult cervical cancer neglected by CDB&ECC, colposcopy and cytology was far beyond expectations, conization is necessary, especially in patients with TZ type 3, high-grade cytology and biopsy results. As the cervical length varies in patients, the proportion of cervical cone excision might be a better indicator for detecting occult cervical cancer.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753624

RESUMO

A novel ZnFe2O4/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction photocatalyst was synthesized by a facile solvothermal route. The incorporation of a narrow bandgap ZnFe2O4 photocatalyst can efficiently improve the range of light response and light absorption capacity of the Bi2MoO6 via the formation of a hybrid structure at the interface. The formed hybrid interface facilitates the separation efficiency of photo-generated carriers at ZnFe2O4/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction significantly. The experimental results confirm that ZnFe2O4/Bi2MoO6-20% heterojunction showed the highest photocatalytic efficiency for CO2 reduction. Specifically, the total product yield of 47.1 µmol g-1 under 5 h simulated sunlight irradiation is measured in the counterparts of pure ZnFe2O4 (14.79 µmol g-1) and pure Bi2MoO6 (19.01 µmol g-1). Indeed, the formation of ZnFe2O4/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction improved the photocatalytic efficiency for CO2 reduction.

6.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1496-1505, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751624

RESUMO

In this study, we explored the role and mechanism of repulsive guidance molecule B (RGMb, also known as Dragon) in the protective effects of curcumin against renal fibrosis and verified Dragon's effect on renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and cell programmability. Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) was surgically induced in rats to establish a model of renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). The rats were then treated with curcumin. Curcumin prominently decreased the serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, and also improved the tubular injury in the UUO-induced rats. Curcumin significantly downregulated the TGF-ß1, P-Smad2/3, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8 and Dragon levels. Dragon knockdown also markedly reduced the TGF-ß1, P-Smad2/3, Smad2/3, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8, fibronectin, collagen I, collagen IV, vimentin, and α-SMA expression levels. Conversely, Dragon overexpression caused higher expression levels of these proteins, and curcumin reversed this effect. Furthermore, Dragon knockdown increased the E-cadherin levels, whereas Dragon overexpression decreased these levels. Overexpressing Dragon significantly decreased the cell viability, and curcumin reversed this effect. In conclusion, curcumin acted on Dragon and attenuated RIF in UUO rat models. Curcumin downregulated the TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway and inhibited Dragon and fibrogenic molecules in both rats and HK-2 cells.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(46): e27871, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upper limb motor impairment is a common complication following stroke. Although few treatments are used to enhance motor function, still approximately 60% of survivors are left with upper limb motor impairment. Several studies have investigated vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) as a potential technique for upper limb function. However, the efficacy and safety of VNS on upper limb motor function after ischemic stroke have not been systematically evaluated. Therefore, a meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trial will be conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of VNS on upper limb motor function after ischemic stroke. METHOD: We searched PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Library (CNKI), and Wan Fang Database until April 1, 2021. RESULTS: Six studies consisting of 234 patients were included in the analysis. Compared with control group, VNS improved upper limb function via Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (mean difference = 3.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] [2.79, 3.74], P < .00001) and Functional Independence Measurement (mean difference = 6.59, 95%CI [5.77, 7.41], P < .00001), but showed no significant change on Wolf motor function test (standardized mean difference = 0.31, 95%CI [-0.15, 0.77], P = .19). The number of adverse events were not significantly different between the studied groups (risk ratio = 1.05, 95%CI [0.85, 1.31], P = .64). CONCLUSION: VNS resulted in improvement of motor function in patients after ischemic stroke, especially in the sub-chronic stage. Moreover, compared with implanted VNS, transcutaneous VNS exhibited greater efficacy in poststroke patients. Based on this meta-analysis, VNS could be a feasible and safe therapy for upper limb motor impairment.

8.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-8, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797745

RESUMO

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a lower respiratory tract infection. It is one of the commonest infectious diseases and the third leading cause of death worldwide. However, the epidemiological profiles of CAP in southeastern China are unknown. Data of inpatients and outpatients diagnosed with CAP from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2020 were obtained from the National Healthcare Big Data in Fuzhou (Fuzhou Database). This database covers medical data from 37 hospitals and 159 community health service stations. The incidence rate, treatment pattern, and direct medical costs of CAP were assessed using clinical data. A total of 8,156,237 patients were enrolled, with a mean age of 33.72 ± 20.88 years. The overall incidence rate of CAP was 3.13 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.11-3.15) per 1000 person-years (PY), with 15.97 (95% CI: 15.85-16.08) per 1000 PY in children below 5 years old and 2.62 (95% CI: 2.57-2.66) per 1000 PY in the elderly ≥60 years. The cost per outpatient was $242.83 ± 341.62, and the cost per inpatient was $4,530.4 ± 9,151.68. The three most used therapeutic drugs in patients with CAP are cefotaxime, moxifloxacin, and azithromycin. In addition, despite the ability of both imported and domestic pneumococcal conjugate vaccines to reduce the incidence rate of CAP, the current vaccination coverage rates were relatively low. We suggest that more attention should be paid to the disease burden of CAP, especially due to its great economic burden in China.

9.
Int J Oral Sci ; 13(1): 37, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782595

RESUMO

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) uses resorbable and non-resorbable membranes as biological barriers. This study compared the differences in hard tissue stability between GBR using evidence-based digital titanium mesh and resorbable collagen membranes during implant placement. A total of 40 patients (65 implant sites) were enrolled and divided into two groups: resorbable membrane and digital titanium mesh groups. The alveolar bone was analyzed at two- and three-dimensional levels using cone-beam computed tomography and by reconstructing and superimposing the hard tissues at four time points: preoperatively, postoperatively, before second-stage surgery, and 1 year after loading. The use of digital titanium mesh showed less alveolar bone resorption in vertical and horizontal directions two-dimensionally before the second-stage surgery and 1 year after loading. Regarding volumetric stability, the percentage of resorption after 6 months of healing with resorbable membrane coverage reached 37.5%. However, it was only 23.4% with titanium mesh. Although postoperative bone volume was greater at all labial sites with resorbable membrane than with digital titanium mesh, after substantial bone resorption within 1 year of loading, the labial bone thickness at the upper part of implants was thinner with resorbable membrane than with digital titanium mesh. Furthermore, digital titanium meshes made according to ideal bone arch contour reduced soft tissue irritation, and the exposure rate was only 10%. Therefore, although both resorbable membrane and digital titanium mesh in GBR were able to successfully reconstruct the bone defect, digital titanium meshes were better at maintaining the hard tissue volume in the osteogenic space.

10.
Biochem Genet ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787756

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a serious infectious disease that has recently swept the world, and research on its causative virus, SARS-CoV-2, remains insufficient. Therefore, this study uses bioinformatics analysis techniques to explore the human digestive tract diseases that may be caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. The gene expression profile data set, numbered GSE149312, is from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and is divided into a 24-h group and a 60-h group. R software is used to analyze and screen out differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and then gene ontology (GO) term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses are performed. In KEGG, the pathway of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease exists in both the 24-h group and 60-h group. STRING is used to establish a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and Cytoscape is then used to visualize the PPI and define the top 12 genes of the node as the hub genes. Through verification, nine statistically significant hub genes are identified: AKT1, TIMP1, NOTCH, CCNA2, RRM2, TTK, BUB1B, KIF20A, and PLK1. In conclusion, the results of this study can provide a certain direction and basis for follow-up studies of SARS-CoV-2 infection of the human digestive tract and provide new insights for the prevention and treatment of diseases caused by SARS-CoV-2.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721625

RESUMO

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is an efficient strategy that is employed for the treatment of large bone defects in craniomaxillofacial surgery. Despite its utility, however, DO is associated with a prolonged consolidation phase and a high complication rate that hinder its more widespread utilization. Panax notoginseng saponin (PNS) is a traditional Chinese medicine that is frequently administered for the treatment of a range of conditions. Herein, we explored the ability of PNS treatment to influence osteogenic differentiation using both rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal cells (BMSCs) and a model of mandibular DO. BMSC proliferation was assessed via CCK-8 assay, while osteogenic differentiation was monitored through ALP and alizarin red S staining. A PCR approach was used to evaluate the expression of genes associated with osteogenesis (ALP, Runx2, and OCN) and genes linked to the TGF pathway (TßR-II, SMAD2, SMAD3, and PPM1A). For in vivo experiments, treated BMSCs were locally injected into the DO gap, with PNS being injected into treated rabbits every other day throughout the experimental period. The quality of the regenerative process was assessed via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray imaging, and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. These analyses revealed that PNS was able to promote BMSC osteogenesis and mandibular generation, driving the upregulation of osteogenesis-related genes at the mRNA levels through the modulation of the TGF-ß1/Smad pathway. Consistently, the overexpression or silencing of TßR-II in PNS-treated BMSCs was sufficient to modulate their osteogenic potential. Analyses of in vivo mandibular DO outcomes revealed significantly augmented new bone growth in the PNS-treated group relative to control animals, with maximal osteogenesis in the group overexpressing rabbit TßR-II. Together, these results highlight the PNS as a promising and cost-effective therapeutic tool with the potential to enhance bone regeneration in clinical contexts through the modulation of the TGF-ß1/Smad pathway.

13.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829385

RESUMO

Pretreatment ischemic location may be an important determinant for functional outcome prediction in acute ischemic stroke. In total, 143 anterior circulation ischemic stroke patients in the THRACE study were included. Ischemic lesions were semi-automatically segmented on pretreatment diffusion-weighted imaging and registered on brain atlases. The percentage of ischemic tissue in each atlas-segmented region was calculated. Statistical models with logistic regression and support vector machine were built to analyze the predictors of functional outcome. The investigated parameters included: age, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and lesional volume (three-parameter model), together with the ischemic percentage in each atlas-segmented region (four-parameter model). The support vector machine with radial basis functions outperformed logistic regression in prediction accuracy. The support vector machine three-parameter model demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.77, while the four-parameter model achieved a higher area under the curve (0.82). Regions with marked impacts on outcome prediction were the uncinate fasciculus, postcentral gyrus, putamen, middle occipital gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, and posterior corona radiata in the left hemisphere; and the uncinate fasciculus, paracentral lobule, temporal pole, hippocampus, inferior occipital gyrus, middle temporal gyrus, pallidum, and anterior limb of the internal capsule in the right hemisphere. In conclusion, pretreatment ischemic location provided significant prognostic information for functional outcome in ischemic stroke.

14.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 5426595, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630786

RESUMO

Background: Neck pain is common and can have a significant impact on patients' physical functionality, mobility, and quality of life (QOL). In clinical practice, traditional Chinese mind and body exercise (TCMBE) is a combination of different types of exercise based on traditional Chinese medicine, including qigong, tai chi, the 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise, and so on, and many studies have found that it is safe and effective at helping patients with neck pain. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of TCMBE on pain intensity, functional mobility, and QOL in individuals with neck pain. Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE, PEDro, and Embase databases were systematically searched for relevant studies. Randomized controlled trials reporting the effects of TCMBE on pain intensity, functional mobility, and QOL in individuals with neck pain were included. Screening, data extraction, and literature quality assessments were performed independently by two reviewers. RevMan5.4 software was used for data analysis. Results: Six studies with 716 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with the control groups, TCMBE had no therapeutic advantage in improving pain intensity (visual analogue scale: mean difference (MD) = 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): -7.70 to 11.46, and P = 0.70); functional mobility (neck disability index: MD = 0.15, 95% CI: -6.37 to 6.66, and P = 0.96; neck pain and disability scale: MD = 1.31, 95% CI: -4.10 to 6.71, and P = 0.64); or 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) scores for physical function (MD = 5.58, 95% CI: -8.03 to 19.18, and P = 0.42), general health (MD = 1.87, 95% CI: -4.99 to 8.72, and P = 0.59), body pain (MD = 2.26, 95% CI: -3.80 to 8.32, and P = 0.46), vitality (MD = 6.24, 95% CI: -1.49 to 13.98, and P = 0.11), social function (MD = 8.06, 95% CI: -4.85 to 20.98, and P = 0.22), role physical (MD = -1.46, 95% CI: -8.54 to 5.62, and P = 0.69), or role emotional (MD = 6.5, 95% CI: -3.45 to 16.45, and P = 0.2). However, TCMBE was less effective at improving mental health results based on the SF-36 survey (MD = 3.37, 95% CI: 0.5 to 6.24, and P = 0.02). Conclusions: Based on the meta-analysis, there is insufficient evidence to support the clinical use of TCMBE in improving pain intensity and enhancing functional mobility and QOL in individuals with neck pain.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639739

RESUMO

Vaccination against COVID-19 is essential against the pandemic. There are broad discussions on adopting certificates for vaccination and the immunity obtained after infection. Based on a national sample of over 2000 participants administered in April 2021, the current study examines the Chinese public's attitudes to the so-called COVID-19 vaccination passport and factors contributing to their viewpoints. Generally, the Chinese people had favorable opinions on the passport. Among possible contributing factors, income, personal benefit perception, the subjective norm of COVID-19 vaccination, and nationalism were significantly associated with the public's positive attitude. At the same time, general vaccine knowledge and scientific literacy had an inconstant effect. Echoing recent studies, these findings reveal a collectivism-oriented attitude of the Chinese public towards the proposal to certify vaccination publicly. Theoretical and practical implications of the results were discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Atitude , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151114, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688745

RESUMO

Carbon nitride (CN) as the photocatalytic hydrogen production catalyst has attracted great attentions but suffering from a poor performance due to the unsatisfied energy band gap and the low separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers. Herein, we create a simple method to construct a novel CN-based photocatalyst, i.e., the N, P, O co-doped carbon filled CN microtube, which presents a narrow band gap, a high separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers, and a good stability. In this novel structure, the tubular morphology of CN ensures a narrow band gap, and the N, P, O co-doped carbon facilitates the transfer of photogenerated electrons. Coupling these two further reduces the energy band gap and improves the separation efficiency. For the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution under the visible light, the optimal sample presents an ultrahigh hydrogen evolution rate of 1149.71 µmol g-1 h-1 ranking at the top level, which is 112.60 times that of traditional bulk CN. In addition, it also has a high reusability and good stability after four cycle experiments. This study has provided a new viewpoint to design or develop the high-efficient photocatalysts for hydrogen production.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685116

RESUMO

With the development of biotechnology, luminescent nanoprobes for biological disease detection are widely used. However, the further application in clinic is limited by the reduced penetration depth in the tissues and light scattering. In this work, we have synthesized NaYF4:Yb,Er,Ce@SiO2-OAlg nanomaterials, which have both upconversion and near-infrared (NIR) luminescence. The optimized probes were determined to achieve cell imaging by its upconversion (UCL) luminescence and in vivo imaging through collection of NIR fluorescence signals simultaneously. The research is conducive to developing accurate diagnostic techniques based on UCL and NIR fluorescence imaging by a single nanoparticle.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9533044, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692846

RESUMO

Purpose: Studying the cytokine profiles in influenza A pneumonia could be helpful to better understand the pathogenesis of the disease and predict its prognosis. Patients and Methods. Patients with influenza A pneumonia (including 2009H1N1, H1N1, H3N1, and H7N1) hospitalized in six hospitals from January 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled (ClinicalTrials.gov ID, NCT03093220). Sputum samples were collected within 24 hours after admission and subsequently analyzed for cytokine profiles using a Luminex assay. Results: A total of 35 patients with influenza A pneumonia were included in the study. The levels of IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-2 were increased in patients with severe influenza A pneumonia (n =10) (P = 0.002, 0.009, and 0.008, respectively), while those of IL-5, IL-25, IL-17A, and IL-22 were decreased compared to patients with nonsevere pneumonia (P = 0.0001, 0.009, 0.0001, and 0.006, respectively). The levels of IL-2 and IL-6 in the nonsurvivors (n = 5) were significantly higher than those in the survivors (P = 0.043 and 0.0001, respectively), while the levels of IL-5, IL-17A, and IL-22 were significantly lower (P = 0.001, 0.012, and 0.043, respectively). The IL-4/IL-17A ratio has the potential to be a good predictor (AUC = 0.94, P < 0.05, sensitivity = 88.89%, specificity = 92.31%) and an independent risk factor (OR, 95% CI: 3.772, 1.188-11.975; P < 0.05) for intermittent positive pressure ventilation (n = 9). Conclusion: Significant dysregulation of cytokine profiles can be observed in patients with severe influenza A pneumonia.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(42): 50187-50196, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651503

RESUMO

The electron transport layer (ETL) exerts a dramatic influence on the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the nonfullerene organic solar cells (NOSCs). Currently, the majority of the organic ETLs possess a relatively poor conductivity, which is not conducive to carrier transport and collection. Herein, we design and develop a novel hyperbranched conjugated polyelectrolyte (CPE) based on n-type perylene diimide (PDI) as the center core and quaternary ammonium salt as the side polar groups. The lone pair electrons of the nitrogen atoms can transfer to the electron deficient PDI core and endow the molecule with an efficient n-type self-doping effect. Moreover, the hyperbranched structure makes the molecule functionalized with more side polar groups, favoring forming more dipoles and stronger dipole moments. Therefore, the CPE PTPAPDINO possesses a high conductivity and can notably decrease the work function (WF) of the electrode, contributing to the carrier transport and collection of the device. The NOSC with PTPAPDINO as ETL delivers an excellent PCE of 15.62%, which is even superior to the device using the classical PDINO ETL. Moreover, the PCE can retain 82.6% of the optimal device when the thickness has been increased to 28 nm. These results manifest that it is a feasible strategy to design an n-type self-doping hyperbranched CPE as efficient ETL, and PTPAPDINO is a promising alternative ETL for high performance NOSCs.

20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(10): 829-36, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of refined moxibustion on expression of gastric mucosal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and changes of metabolite profiles in gastric ulcer (GU) rats, so as to analyze its mechanism underlying improvement of GU. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomized into control, model, acupoint moxibustion groups (n=6 per group). The GU model was induced by cold-restraint stress. The ignited refined moxa was applied to bilateral "Liangmen" (ST21) and "Zusanli" (ST36) for 3 cones/acupoint, once daily for 7 days. Then, we employed 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach to analyze the metabolic profiles of serum and stomach tissue samples. The conventional histopathological changes of the gastric mucosa were observed by H.E. stain and the expressions of EGFR and VEGF in the gastric mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the expression levels of EGFR and VEGF were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and further notably up-regulated in the acupoint moxibustion group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Results of H.E. staining showed damage of the folds of gastric mucosa, disordered arrangement of the glands, infiltration of inflammatory cells and unclear structure of gastric mucosa in the model group, which was relatively milder in the acupoint moxibustion group. 1H-NMR technical analysis showed that in comparison with the control group, 11 and 11 metabolites in the stomach extract and plasma were increased, 10 in the gastric tissue and 3 in the plasma were decreased in the GU model group; while in comparison with the model group, 17 differently expressed metabolites in the gastric extract and 10 metabolites in the plasma restored to their levels of control group after the acupoint moxibustion intervention. These metabolites participate in 12 metabolic pathways including glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, glycine metabolism, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid metabolism, purine metabolism, glyoxylic acid and digarboxylic acid metabolism, biosynthesis of aminoacyl-tRNA, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, citrate cycle, pyruvate metabolism, and the mutual conversion of pentose and glucuronate,suggesting their involvement in moxibustion-induced improvement of GU. CONCLUSION: Refined moxibustion at ST21 and ST36 can up-regulate the expression of EGFR and VEGF in the gastric mucosa and lessen gastric mucosal injury, which may be related to its effects in reducing GU-induced metabolic disorders, including sugar, purine, amino acid, and phospholipid metabolism and antioxidant defense system.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Úlcera Gástrica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Úlcera Gástrica/genética , Úlcera Gástrica/terapia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
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