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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(44): 12326-12335, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107299

RESUMO

Toona sinensis, popularly known as Chinese toon or Chinese mahogany, is a perennial deciduous arbor belonging to the genus Toona in the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed and cultivated in eastern and southeastern Asia. Its fresh young leaves and buds have been consumed as a very popular nutritious vegetable in China and confirmed to display a wide variety of biological activities. To investigate the chemical constituents and their potential health benefits from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis, a phytochemical study on its fresh young leaves and buds was therefore undertaken. In our current investigation, 16 limonoids (1-16), including four new limonoids, toonasinenoids A-D (1-4), and a new naturally occurring limonoid, toonasinenoid E (5), were isolated and characterized from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis. The chemical structures and absolute configurations of limonoids 1-5 were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic data analyses. All known limonoids (6-16) were identified via comparing their experimental spectral data containing mass spectrometry data, 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance data, and optical rotation values to the data reported in the literature. All known limonoids (6-16) were isolated from T. sinensis for the first time. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effects of all isolated limonoids 1-16 against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were assessed in vitro. Limonoids 1-16 exhibited notable neuroprotective activities, with EC50 values in the range from 0.27 ± 0.03 to 17.28 ± 0.16 µM. These results suggest that regular consumption of the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis might prevent the occurrence and development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Moreover, the isolation and characterization of these limonoids that exhibit notable neuroprotective activities from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis could be very significant for researching and developing new neuroprotective drugs used for the prevention and treatment of PD.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 102: 104101, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721778

RESUMO

Three new carbazole alkaloids, zanthoaustrones A-C (1-3), as well as nine known compounds 4-12, were isolated and characterized from the roots of Zanthoxylum austrosinense Huang (Rutaceae). Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive and comprehensive spectroscopic methods, while the known alkaloids were identified by the comparison of their observed spectroscopic data including NMR data, MS data and optical rotation values with the data described in the literature. Furthermore, the antiproliferative activities as well as the anti-inflammatory effects of all isolated alkaloids in vitro were evaluated. All obtained alkaloids 1-12 displayed notable antiproliferative activities against diverse human cancer cell lines exhibiting IC50 values in range of 0.85 ± 0.06 to 29.56 ± 0.17 µM, which is equivalent to the positive control (cisplatin) showing IC50 values ranging from 1.58 ± 0.09 to 28.69 ± 0.21 µM. Moreover, compounds 1-12 exhibited pronounced inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production with IC50 values displaying IC50 values in range of 0.89 ± 0.05 to 9.62 ± 0.15 µM, which is comparable to the positive control (hydrocortisone) holding an IC50 value of 4.06 ± 0.11 µM. These findings indicate that the separation and characterization of these alkaloids displaying significant antiproliferative activities together with anti-inflammatory effects from the roots of Z. austrosinense could be meaningful to the research and development of new anti-cancer drugs as well as anti-inflammatory agents.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103699, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146173

RESUMO

The phytochemical study on the stems of Clausena lenis resulted in the isolation of three new prenylated coumarins, clauselenins A-C (1-3), together with nine known prenylated coumarins (4-12). The chemical structures of new prenylated coumarins (1-3) were elucidated by means of comprehensive spectral analyses and the known compounds (4-12) were determined by means of comparing their experimental spectral data with those described data in the literatures. All isolated prenylated coumarins were assessed for their anti-inflammatory effects together with anti-HIV activities in vitro. Prenylated coumarins 1-12 displayed remarkable inhibitory effects against nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in vitro with the IC50 values which are comparable to hydrocortisone. Meanwhile, prenylated coumarins 1-12 exhibited considerable anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) activities possessing EC50 values in the range of 0.17-9.08 µM. These findings indicate that the isolation and identification of these prenylated coumarins with pronounced anti-inflammatory effects as well as anti-HIV activities separated from the stems of C. lenis could be of great significance to the development of new anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV agents and their potential applications in the pharmaceutical industry.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(7): 2024-2030, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037814

RESUMO

Artocarpus heterophyllus (jack tree) is an evergreen fruit tree belonging to the genus Artocarpus (Moraceae), which is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical regions of Asia. Its fruits (jackfruit), well-known as the world's largest tree-borne fruit, are being consumed in our daily diets as a very popular tropical fruit throughout the world and have been confirmed to hold various health benefits. In this study, five new prenylated chromones, artocarheterones A-E (1-5), as well as seven known prenylated chromones (6-12) were purified and isolated from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus (jackfruit). Their chemical structures were determined through comprehensive spectroscopic methods. This is the first report on prenylated chromones isolated from A. heterophyllus. The anti-HIV-1 effects of all isolated chromones were assessed in vitro. As a result, prenylated chromones (1-12) showed remarkable anti-HIV-1 effects with EC50 values ranging from 0.09 to 9.72 µM. These research results indicate that the isolation and characterization of these prenylated chromones with remarkable anti-HIV-1 activities from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus could be significant to the discovery and development of new anti-HIV-1 drugs.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Artocarpus/química , Cromonas/química , Cromonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Frutas/química , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/fisiologia , Estrutura Molecular , Prenilação
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