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1.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 48(1): 1272-1281, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084450

RESUMO

Volume resuscitation is an important early treatment for haemorrhagic shock. Haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) can expand the volume and provide oxygen for tissues. Vascular leakage is common complication in the process of haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of HBOC (a bovine-derived, cross-linked tetramer haemoglobin oxygen-carrying solution, 0.5 g/L) on vascular leakage in rats after haemorrhagic shock. A haemorrhagic shock rat model and hypoxic vascular endothelial cells (VECs) were used. The role of intercellular junctions and endothelial glycocalyx in the protective effects of HBOC and the relationship with mitochondrial function were analysed. After haemorrhagic shock, the pulmonary vascular permeability to FITC-BSA, Evans Blue was increased, endothelial glycocalyx was destroyed and the expression of intercellular junction proteins was decreased. After haemorrhagic shock, a small volume of HBOC solution (6 ml/kg) protected pulmonary vascular permeability, increased structural thickness of endothelial glycocalyx, the levels of its components and increased expression levels of the intercellular junction proteins ZO-1, VE-cadherin and occludin. Moreover, HBOC significantly increased oxygen delivery and consumption in rats, improved VEC mitochondrial function and structure. In conclusion, HBOC mitigates endothelial leakage by protecting endothelial glycocalyx and intercellular junctions through improving mitochondrial function and tissue oxygen delivery.

2.
Food Chem ; : 128243, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069529

RESUMO

Tea saponins from Camellia oleifera Abel. seed pomace are new sources of commercial saponins. This study established an eco-friendly and efficient extraction method for tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace. A ternary deep eutectic solvent (DES) composed of l-proline, glycerol and sucrose (4:10:1 in molar ratio, abbreviated as PGS-5) achieved the highest extraction yield of tea saponins among all screened DESs. A maximum extraction yield of 23.22 ± 0.28% was obtained using PGS-5 under the optimized extraction time, DES concentration and liquid-solid ratio. Through ultraviolet, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-Q Exactive HF mass spectroscopy, as well as analyses of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, it was determined that extracted saponins did not altered during processing. Therefore, PGS-5 can serve as a solvent to obtain stable and beneficial tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace.

3.
Neurology ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find determinants of the occurrence of repetitive compound muscle action potential (R-CMAP) and assess the efficacy of channel blocker therapy in slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS). METHODS: Neurological examination, EMG study, lab test, muscle biopsy, and next generation and Sanger sequencing; literature review of reported SCCMS patients including EMG, kinetics of mutant AChRs, and response to therapy; simulation of decay phase of end plate potential (EPP). RESULTS: Three newly characterized and 57 reported SCCMS patients with mutations of AChR subunits were included. In patients with R-CMAP, the length of channel opening bursts of mutant AChR was increased 8.68(mean) ± 2.82(SD)-fold compared to wild-type; in patients without R-CMAP the length was increased 3.84 ± 0.65-fold (95%CI[3.18, 6.50], P = 0.000014). The EPP amplitude after refractory period of action potential in muscle fiber is above the threshold in patients with R-CMAP, but below the threshold in patients without R-CMAP. In patients with good results from channel blocker therapy, treatment was initiated 11.60 ± 5.17 years after onset of symptoms; in patients with no to moderate benefit from channel blocker therapy, treatment was initiated 30.70 ± 12.72 years after onset (95%CI[-28.57, -9.63], P = 0.00089). CONCLUSIONS: In SCCMS the R-CMAP occurrence is related to the extent of prolongation of the opening episodes of mutant AChR channel. Channel blocker treatment is more effective the sooner it is started after the onset of symptoms. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that channel blocker therapy in SCCMS patients improves symptoms.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0236535, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976483

RESUMO

Passion fruit (Passiflora edulia Sims), an important tropical and subtropical species, is classified as a respiration climacteric fruit, and its quality deteriorates rapidly after harvest. To elucidate the mechanisms involved in ripening and rapid fruit senescence, phytochemical characteristic analysis and RNA sequencing were performed in purple passion fruit with different treatments, that is, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) and preservative film (PF). Comprehensive functional annotation and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that starch and sucrose metabolism, plant hormone signal transduction, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, flavonoid biosynthesis, and carotenoid biosynthesis were involved in fruit ripening. Treatment with PF and 1-MCP significantly affected the transcription levels of passion fruit during postharvest storage. A large number of differentially expressed unigenes (DEGs) were identified as significantly enriched in starch and sucrose metabolism, plant hormone signal transduction and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis at the postharvest stage. The PF and 1-MCP treatments increased superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) gene expression levels and enzyme activities, accelerated lignin accumulation, and decreased ß-galactosidase (ß-Gal), polygalacturonase (PG) and cellulose activities and gene expression levels to delay cell wall degradation during fruit senescence. The RNA sequencing data for cell wall metabolism and hormone signal transduction pathway-related unigenes were verified by RT-qPCR. The results of this study indicate that the cell wall metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are closely related to passion fruit ripening. PF and 1-MCP treatment might inhibit ethylene signaling and regulate cell wall metabolism pathways to inhibit cell wall degradation. Our results demonstrate the involvement of ripening- and senescence-related networks in passion fruit ripening and may establish a foundation for future research investigating the effects of PF and 1-MCP treatment on fruit ripening.

5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 191: 113551, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889350

RESUMO

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the last stage of chronic kidney disease, characterized by the progressive accumulation of uremic toxins (UTs). Hemodialysis is the standard approach to remove UTs from the body. Creatinine and urea levels are important indices of hemodialysis effectiveness, but the utility of those markers to estimate the removal of UTs, especially protein-binding UTs is limited. We developed an LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of UTs and to provide markers for evaluating hemodialysis effectiveness. These substances were extracted from serum samples after acetonitrile precipitation of protein and then separated on a HILIC column. The flow rate was 0.6 mL/min with a run time of 8.0 min for the negative ion mode and positive ion mode each. In this study 26 UTs were determined in normal subjects and in patients with ESRD before and after hemodialysis; serum levels were significantly higher in patients with ESRD than in subjects with normal renal function. A significant decrease in a variety of serum UTs were observed in patients after dialysis treatment, but no change in the levels of orotic acid, CMPF, kynurenic acid, p-cresol sulfate, phenyl-ß-d-glucuronide, 4-ethylphenyl sulfate and 3-indolyl-ß-d-glucopyranoside was found. These results show that some UTs could not be completely removed by hemodialysis. In addition, some biomarkers of different types of UTs are proposed for evaluating hemodialysis effectiveness.

6.
Genes Brain Behav ; : e12699, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902163

RESUMO

Neuropeptides and peptide hormones play a crucial role in integrating the many factors that affect physiologic and cognitive processes. The potency of many of these peptides requires an amidated amino acid at the C-terminus; a single enzyme, peptidylglycine α-amidating monooxygenase (PAM), catalyzes this modification. Anxiety-like behavior is known to be altered in mice with a single functional Pam allele (Pam+/- ) and in mice unable to express Pam in excitatory forebrain neurons (PamEmx1-cKO/cKO ) or in cardiomyocytes (PamMyh6-cKO/cKO ). Examination of PAM-positive and glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (GAD)-positive cells in the amygdala of PamEmx1-cKO/cKO mice demonstrated the absence of PAM in pyramidal neurons and its continued presence in GAD-positive interneurons, suggestive of altered excitatory/inhibitory balance. Additional behavioral tests were used to search for functional alterations in these cell-type specific knockout mice. PamEmx1-cKO/cKO mice exhibited a less focused search pattern for the Barnes Maze escape hole than control or PamMyh6-cKO/cKO mice. While wildtype mice favor interacting with novel objects as opposed to familiar objects, both PamEmx1-cKO/cKO and PamMyh6-cKO/cKO mice exhibited significantly less interest in the novel object. Since PAM levels in the central nervous system of PamMyh6-cKO/cKO mice are unaltered, the behavioral effect observed in these mice may reflect their inability to produce atrial granules and the resulting reduction in serum levels of atrial natriuretic peptide. In the sociability test, male mice of all three genotypes spent more time with same-sex stranger mice; while control females showed no preference for stranger mice, female PamEmx1-cKO/cKO mice showed preference for same-sex stranger mice in all trials.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936632

RESUMO

Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims) can be divided into yellow and purple varieties. However, information about coloration and fruit quality between the two varieties is limited. To reveal the underlying mechanism of color formation in this fruit, a combined analysis of the metabolome and transcriptome was conducted in this study. The results showed that most of the evaluated flavonols, anthocyanins, and flavanols were significantly upregulated in purple fruit compared to their levels in yellow fruit. Flavonoid and flavonoid carbonoside accumulation was markedly higher in yellow fruit than in purple fruit. The accumulation of organic acids, phenolic acids, lipids, sugars, and lignans was significantly different in the yellow and purple varieties. These results were consistent with the results from the RNA-Seq profile. This study will enable us to identify genes for targeted genetic engineering to improve the nutritional and market value of passion fruit. In addition, the peel and pulp of passion fruit contained certain health-promoting compounds, highlighting the potential application of passion fruit as a functional food and providing direction for future breeding programs and production.

8.
Radiother Oncol ; 151: 288-295, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The MRI-assessed tumor regression grade (mrTRG) is limited due to its subjectivity and poor consistency on pathological tumor regression grade (pTRG). A new MRI criterion was established to predict the prognosis of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The new MRI criterion magnetic resonance imaging tumor response score (mrTRS) was based on the retrospective sample of 214 LARC patients (unpublished data). Subsequently, 878 LARC patients were enrolled for a prospective, multicenter study. Baseline and postoperative MRI were obtained, and imaging features were measured by collecting the pathological, clinical and follow-up data. Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank estimate and multivariate cox regression model was used to determine the prognosis of mrTRS in LARC patients with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT). The predictive capability of 3-year prognosis between mrTRS and mrTRG was determined by time-dependent ROC curves. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that mrTRS acted as an independent predictor of survival outcomes. mrTRS stratified by good and moderate responders showed significantly lower risk of death (HR = 0.04, 95%CI 0.01-0.31; HR = 0.35, 95%CI 0.23-0.52), distant metastasis (HR = 0.25, 95%CI 0.13-0.52; HR = 0.42, 95%CI 0.30-0.58), and local recurrence when compared with poor responders(HR = 0.01 95%CI 0.23-0.52;HR = 0.38, 95%CI 0.16-0.90). In contrast, no significant difference was observed among mrTRG stratified groups. Excellent and substantial interobserver agreement for mrTRS and mrTRG evaluation was observed (κ = 0.92 and 0.62), respectively. CONCLUSION: mrTRS can serve as an effective predictor for assessing tumor regression grade in LARC patients with NACRT.

9.
ChemSusChem ; 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672415

RESUMO

A straightforward procedure has been developed to prepare a porous carbon material decorated with iron by direct pyrolysis of a mixture of a porous polymer and iron chloride. Characterization of the material with X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and electron microscopy indicates the presence of iron carbide nanoparticles encapsulated inside the carbon matrix, and elemental mapping and cyanide poisoning experiments demonstrate the presence of atomic Fe centers, albeit in trace amounts, which are active sites for electrochemical CO2 reduction. The encapsulated iron carbide nanoparticles are found to boost the catalytic activity of atomic Fe sites in the outer carbon layers, rendering the material highly active and selective for CO2 reduction, although these atomic Fe sites are only present in trace amounts. The target material exhibits near-unity selectivity (98 %) for CO2 -to-CO conversion at a small overpotential (410 mV) in water. Furthermore, the material holds potential for practical application, as a current density over 30 mA cm-2 and a selectivity of 93 % can be achieved in a flow cell.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(6): 2536-2546, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608767

RESUMO

Secondary species are dominant components of PM2.5 in Dushanzi, Xinjiang. It is crucial to investigate the conversion process of secondary components in the atmosphere for regional air pollution control. The water-soluble components were analyzed for samples collected from Dushanzi District of Xinjiang from September 2015 to July 2016. The results showed that the total water-soluble ions (TWSIs) showed a seasonal variation consistent with PM2.5, and the seasonal variation of the ions was in the order-winter (67.86 µg·m-3) > autumn (13.77 µg·m-3) > spring (10.09 µg·m-3) > summer (4.85 µg·m-3); secondary ions (NH4+, SO42-, and NO3-)-accounting for 98% of TWSIs in winter. The results of the aerosol thermodynamic model (E-AIM) that explores the particle liquid water and acidity in Dushanzi District showed that the particles in Dushanzi are acidic with an annual in-situ pH of 0.81, and the pH value of the winter samples was the highest (2.93). The seasonal variation of particles in water was of the order: winter (331.32 µg·m-3) > autumn (5.91 µg·m-3) > spring (5.46 µg·m-3) > summer (1.62 µg·m-3). The annual average nitrogen oxidation rate and sulfur oxidation rate were 0.13 and 0.47, respectively, indicating a secondary conversion of regional pollutants. Further analysis showed that the concentration of sulfate in the particle phase was significantly affected by liquid water content of particles and in-situ pH. The formation of nitrate was mainly caused by heterogeneous reactions under high water content of particle.

11.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648149

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and encompasses diverse diseases of the vasculature, myocardium, cardiac electrical circuit, and cardiac development. Forkhead box protein P1 (Foxp1) is a large multi-domain transcriptional regulator belonging to the Fox family with winged helix DNA-binding protein, which plays critical roles in cardiovascular homeostasis and disorders. The broad distribution of Foxp1 and alternative splicing isoforms implicate its distinct functions in diverse cardiac and vascular cells and tissue types. Foxp1 is essential for diverse biological processes and has been shown to regulate cellular proliferation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, fibrosis, angiogenesis, cardiovascular remodeling, and dysfunction. Notably, both loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches have defined critical roles of Foxp1 in CVD. Genetic deletion of Foxp1 results in pathological cardiac remodeling, exacerbation of atherosclerotic lesion formation, prolonged occlusive thrombus formation, severe cardiac defects, and embryo death. In contrast, activation of Foxp1 performs a wide range of physiological effects, including cell growth, hypertrophy, differentiation, angiogenesis, and cardiac development. More importantly, Foxp1 exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects in controlling coronary thrombus formation and myocardial infarction (MI). Thus, targeting for Foxp1 signaling has emerged as a pre-warning biomarker and a novel therapeutic approach against progression of CVD, and an increased understanding of cardiovascular actions of the Foxp1 signaling will help to develop effective interventions. In this review, we focus on the diverse actions and underlying mechanisms of Foxp1 highlighting its roles in CVD, including heart failure, MI, atherosclerosis, congenital heart defects, and atrial fibrillation.

12.
Water Res ; 184: 116187, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707308

RESUMO

The occurrence, temporal variation, and spatial variation of antibiotics in coastal bays and estuaries worldwide are not well documented or understood. Fifteen target antibiotics within the five classes of ß-lactams, amphenicols, macrolides, fluoroquinolones, and sulfonamides were measured during the summer and winter in the water of Jiaozhou Bay in China, which is a semi-enclosed urbanized bay. Fourteen antibiotics (excluding tylosin) were detected, thus demonstrating the widespread occurrence of their residues in the bay. The total antibiotic concentration ranged from 71.8 ng L-1 to 840 ng L-1 for the estuarine water, which was significantly higher than that for the bay water (38.7-181 ng L-1). The antibiotic classes in the bay water were dominated by fluoroquinolones and ß-lactams, which accounted for nearly 90% of the total antibiotic concentration. In addition, amoxicillin contamination was the most prominent among the 14 detected antibiotics as it accounted for ~44% of the total antibiotic concentration. The concentrations of amoxicillin, leucomycin, enrofloxacin, and sulfamonomethoxine in the bay water were usually higher than those reported for coastal bays and estuaries worldwide. The average total antibiotic concentration in the bay water was 84.7 ng L-1 during the summer, which was significantly lower than that during the winter (129.0 ng L-1). This was mainly due to high dilution by runoff during the summer. The florfenicol concentration in the bay water was significantly higher during the summer than in winter due to its higher usage in aquaculture during the summer. Spatially, the total antibiotic concentration (both summer and winter) was higher in the water along the eastern coast of the bay, where the population and hospital densities are high. However, the sum of the veterinary antibiotic concentrations was higher in the northeastern aquaculture area of the bay during the summer. A risk assessment revealed that amoxicillin and enrofloxacin could pose high risks (risk quotient of > 1) to algae in the bay. The synergic effects of pharmaceutical mixtures and the bioaccumulation of antibiotics through the food web should be considered in future studies.

13.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 119: 104767, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563935

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mental disorder characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness, slow thought, impaired focus and loss of interest but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Dendritic spines play an important role in the formation and maintenance of emotional circuits in the brain. Abnormalities in this process can lead to psychiatric diseases. 7,8-Dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (Dhmc), a precursor in the synthesis of derivatives of 4-methyl coumarin, plays an important role in protecting the nervous system from developing diseases and its most distinctive feature is safety. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Dhmc alleviates chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depression-like behaviors and reverses CUMS-induced alterations in dendritic spines of principal neurons in brain areas of the emotional circuits including the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), nucleus accumbens (NAc) and basolateral amygdala (BLA) in male rats. Our results showed that CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors were accompanied by a decrease in spine density in pyramidal neurons of both the hippocampal CA3 area and the mPFC, and an increase in spine density in both the neurons of BLA and the medium spiny neurons (MSNs) of the NAc, as well as a decrease in the levels of the AMPA receptor subunit GluA1 and Kalirin-7 in the hippocampus compared with the control group. Intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) of Dhmc to the CUMS-exposed rats ameliorated CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors and reversed CUMS-mediated alterations in spine density and the levels of both GluA1 and Kalirin-7. Our results show an important role of Dhmc in reversing CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors and CUMS-mediated alterations in spine density.

14.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 473(1-2): 93-99, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594338

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were closely related to diabetes. In this study, we aimed to explore the possible role and mechanism of lncRNA MEG3 in the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its vascular complications. A case-control study involving 115 subjects was conducted, including 53 T2DM patients (37 patients with vascular complication and 16 patients without vascular complications) and 62 healthy subjects. We performed real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis of the lncRNA MEG3 and miR-146a levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the 115 samples. We found that the expression of lncRNA MEG3 was upregulated in the T2DM patients with vascular complication (DC group) compared with T2DM patients without vascular complication (D group) (P < 0.05) and the control group (P < 0.01). miR-146a levels in DC group were significantly lower compared with control group. There was a significant positive correlation between the expression of lncRNA MEG3 and glucose (GLU) (r = 0.301, P = 0.0011) and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) (r = 0.477, P = 0.0006). Our study suggests MEG3 may play as an important role in progression of diabetes-related vascular complications, contributing to a novel understanding of pathogenesis and prognosis for diabetes and its complications.

15.
Exp Neurol ; 331: 113375, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504635

RESUMO

Genetic variants causing the fast-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) have been identified in the α, δ, and ε but not the ß subunit of acetylcholine receptor (AChR). A 16-year-old girl with severe myasthenia had low-amplitude and fast-decaying miniature endplate potentials. Mutation analysis revealed two heteroallelic variants in CHRNB1 encoding the AChR ß subunit: a novel c.812C>T (p.P248L) variant in M1-M2 linker (p.P271L in HGVS nomenclature), and a ~430 bp deletion causing loss of exon 8 leading to frame-shift and a premature stop codon (p.G251Dfs*21). P248 is conserved in all ß subunits of different species, but not in other AChR subunits. Measurements of radio-labeled α-bungarotoxin binding show that ßP248L reduces AChR expression to 60% of wild-type. Patch clamp recordings of ACh-elicited single channel currents demonstrate that ßP248L shortens channel opening bursts from 3.3 ms to 1.2 ms, and kinetic analyses predict that the decay of the synaptic response is accelerated 2.4-fold due to reduced probability of channel reopening. Substituting ßP248 with threonine, alanine or glycine reduces the burst duration to 2.3, 1.7, and 1.5 ms, respectively. In non-ß subunits, substituting leucine for residues corresponding to ßP248 prolongs the burst duration to 4.5 ms in the α subunit, shortens it to 2.2 ms in the δ subunit, and has no effect in the ε subunit. Conversely, substituting proline for residues corresponding to ßP248 prolongs the burst duration to 8.7 ms in the α subunit, to 4.6 ms in the δ subunit, but has no effect in the ε subunit. Thus, this fast channel CMS is caused by the dual defects of ßP248L in reducing expression of the mutant receptor and accelerating the decay of the synaptic response. The results also reveal subunit-specific contributions of the M1-M2 linker to the durations of channel opening bursts.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20171, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in pain relief and quality of life improvement of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Nation Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, the Chongqing VIP from inception to May 1, 2020. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) used acupuncture or moxibustion to relieve pain and improve quality of life (QoL) among KOA patients will be included. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment and assessment of risk bias will be performed by 2 reviewers independently. Data synthesis will be performed using Review Manager V5.3 software. A meta-analysis will be performed when there is sufficient available data. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020169724.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(18): e19976, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the cardiovascular (CV) risk of celecoxib on knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients compared with the risk in those prescribed other non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), no intervention or placebo-controlled patients. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Nation Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, and the Chongqing VIP from inception to April 1, 2020. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of celecoxib that presented data on serious cardiovascular events among KOA patients will be included. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and assessment of risk bias will be performed by 2 reviewers independently. Odds ratios and correlative 95% confidence intervals will be calculated to present the association between the celecoxib and CV risk using Review Manager version 5.3 when there is sufficient available data. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This review does not require ethical approval. The results of this review may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated at relevant conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020166721.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Celecoxib/efeitos adversos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco
18.
Behav Neurosci ; 134(3): 248-266, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223277

RESUMO

Depression affects both women and men, but women are 2 times more susceptible to the incidence of depression. Although a number of studies report sex differences in stress responses, it remains unclear which animal models of depression can better mimic the sex difference in human depression. The majority of stress models used male rodents whereas fewer studies included females. The aims of this study were to determine which rat stress models mimic the sex difference in depression and to identify sex-specific risk factors for depression model-induced depression-like behaviors. Here, we compared subchronic variable stress (SCVS) and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) models to evaluate the susceptibility versus resilient phenotypes in male and female rats. SCVS induced depression-like behaviors in female rats only. The CUMS paradigm was more likely to induce depression-like behaviors in male rats. Furthermore, to explore the underlying mechanisms, we used quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction to examine and compare the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of various transcripts previously shown to be involved in psychiatric disorders in RNA-sequencing/microarray studies including serotonin receptor-7, early growth response-2, histone deacetylase-2, roundabout guidance receptor-2 (Robo2), serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase-2, orthodenticle homeobox-2, parathyroid hormone-2 receptor, and neuronal PAS domain protein-4 in the hippocampus after exposure of rats to SCVS and CUMS. Our results showed that SCVS significantly altered the mRNA levels of neuronal PAS domain protein-4, orthodenticle homeobox-2, Robo2, parathyroid hormone-2 receptor, and serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase-2 in the female hippocampus only, and histone deacetylase-2 in only the male hippocampus. CUMS significantly changed the mRNA levels of one transcript (Robo2) in the female hippocampus only when compared with SCVS. Overall, this study shows that SCVS can be used to study sex differences in depression-like behaviors in rats. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 197: 110647, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315787

RESUMO

Some toxigenic dinoflagellates can produce lipophilic marine algal toxins (LMATs), which are potent threats to marine breeding industries. In this study, a new method based on the profiling analysis of six LMAT classes in phytoplankton was developed for the monitoring and warning of LMATs in mariculture zones. This method was applied to monitor and evaluate LMATs in the Jiaozhou Bay and the Changjiang estuary in China. Results demonstrated that the occurrence and spatiotemporal variations of LMATs in mariculture zones can be revealed by the toxin profiles of phytoplankton, indicating the method's effectiveness for the comprehensive monitoring of the composition and levels of various LMATs in coastal aquaculture zones. The method was further used as an alarm for potential pollution risk from LMATs in mariculture zones at an early stage. The "alert" thresholds of LMAT pollution in the mariculture zones were preliminarily proposed based on the statistical data analysis of LMATs in phytoplankton in three typical mariculture areas in China. This study is the first to conduct simultaneous monitoring and warning of multi-class LMATs based on toxin profiles of phytoplankton, thereby providing new insight into the monitoring and early warning of natural poisonous pollutants in coastal aquaculture zones around the world.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Dinoflagelados/química , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Toxinas Marinhas/análise , Fitoplâncton/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Água do Mar/química
20.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 76(1): 71-76, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282500

RESUMO

Warfarin international normalized ratio (INR)-related phenotypes such as the percentage of INR time in the therapeutic range (PTTR) and INR variability are associated with warfarin adverse reactions. However, INR-related phenotypes greatly vary among patients, and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. As a key cofactor for coagulation proteins, vitamin K can affect warfarin INR values. The aim of this study was to address the influence of vitamin K-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on warfarin INR-related phenotypes. A total of 262 patients who were new recipients of warfarin therapy and followed up for 3 months were enrolled. Twenty-nine SNPs were genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass array. Sixteen warfarin INR-related phenotypes were observed. After association analysis, 11 SNPs were significantly associated with at least one INR-related phenotype, and 6 SNPs were associated with at least 2 INR-related phenotypes (P < 0.05). In these SNPs, rs1800139, rs1800154, rs1800141, and rs486020 were the most representative. rs1800139, rs1800154, and rs1800141 locate in LRP1 and were found to be correlated with 1-month and 2-month INR variability (P < 0.05). Besides, the APOA1 rs486020 was significantly associated with the first month PTTR (P = 0.009), and patients with C-allele had higher PTTR than those with G-alleles almost during the entire monitoring period. In conclusion, the study revealed that the polymorphisms of LRP1 and APOA1 gene may play important roles in the variation of warfarin INR-related phenotypes. Our results provide new information for improving warfarin anticoagulation management.

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