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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 231, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and life-threatening complication of liver failure. The purpose of this study is to construct a nomogram and online calculator to predict the development of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), which may contribute to the prognosis of ACLF. METHODS: 574 ACLF patients were evaluated retrospectively. AKI was defined by criteria proposed by International Club of Ascites (ICA) and divided into community-acquired and hospital-acquired AKI (CA-AKI and HA-AKI). The difference between CA-AKI and HA-AKI, factors associated with development into and recovered from AKI periods. The risk factors were identified and nomograms were developed to predict the morbidity of HA-AKI in patients with ACLF. RESULTS: Among 574 patients, 217(37.8%) patients had AKI, CA-AKI and HA-AKI were 56 (25.8%) and 161 (74.2%) respectively. The multivariate logistic regression model (KP-AKI) for predicting the occurrence of HA-AKI were age, gastrointestinal bleeding, bacterial infections, albumin, total bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen and prothrombin time. The AUROC of the KP-AKI in internal and external validations were 0.747 and 0.759, respectively. Among 217 AKI patients, 81(37.3%), 96(44.2%) and 40(18.4%) patients were with ICA-AKI stage progression, regression and fluctuated in-situ, respectively. The 90-day mortality of patients with AKI was 55.3% higher than non-AKI patients 21.6%. The 90-day mortality of patients with progression of AKI was 88.9%, followed by patients with fluctuated in-situ 40% and regression of AKI 33.3%. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram constructed by KP-AKI can be conveniently and accurately in predicting the development of HA-AKI, and AKI can increase the 90-day mortality significantly in ACLF patients. Trial registration Chinese clinical trials registry: ChiCTR1900021539.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 55(10): 1297-1310, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) or herb-induced liver injury(HILI) is an important and unresolved challenge. There is no consensus regarding the indications for corticosteroids for chronic DILI/HILI. AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of corticosteroid plus glycyrrhizin for patients with chronic DILI/HILI. METHODS: This was a randomised open-label trial. Eligible patients with causality assessment using the updated RUCAM were randomly assigned (1:1) either to the steroid treatment group (48-week stepwise dose reduction of methylprednisolone plus glycyrrhizin) or control group (glycyrrhizin alone). Liver biopsies were performed at baseline and at the end of the 48-week treatment period. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with sustained biochemical response (SBR). The secondary outcomes were improvement in liver histology, time to biochemical normalisation and safety. RESULTS: Of 80 participants, 70 (87.5%) completed the trial. The patients were predominantly female (77.5%), aged >40 years (77.5%) and had a hepatocellular injury pattern of DILI (71.2%). Compared to the control group, the treatment group showed a higher proportion of SBR (94.3% vs. 71.4%, p = 0.023), shorter biochemical normalisation time and histological improvements in both histological activity and fibrosis. The DILI and HILI subgroups, as well as the autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)-like DILI and non-AIH-like subgroups, showed comparable responses. No severe adverse events were observed during the trial. CONCLUSION: This study provides the first clinical evidence that corticosteroid plus glycyrrhizin therapy for chronic DILI with or without AIH-like features can achieve both biochemical response and histological improvements with good safety. (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02651350).


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Hepatite Autoimune , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Feminino , Ácido Glicirrízico/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a life-threatening syndrome with rapid progression. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic score to predict the onset of ACLF in hepatitis B virus (HBV) etiology. METHODS: The prospective clinical data of 1373 patients with acute deterioration of HBV-related chronic liver disease were used to identify clinical characteristics and develop a prognostic score for the onset of ACLF. RESULTS: Of the patients assessed using the Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B (COSSH)-ACLF criteria, 903 patients with non-ACLF at admission (1 received transplantation at 5 days) were stratified: 71 with progression to ACLF and 831 without progression to ACLF at 7 days. Four predictors (total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, alanine aminotransferase, and ferritin) were associated significantly with ACLF onset at 7 days. The COSSH-onset-ACLF score was constituted as follows: (0.101 × ln [alanine aminotransferase] + 0.819 × ln [total bilirubin] + 2.820 × ln [international normalized ratio] + 0.016 × ln [ferritin]). The C-indexes of the new score for 7-/14-/28-day onset (0.928/0.925/0.913) were significantly higher than those of 5 other scores (Chronic Liver Failure Consortium ACLF development score/Model for End-stage Liver Disease score/Model for End-stage Liver Disease sodium score/COSSH-ACLF score/Chronic liver failure Consortium ACLF score; all P < .001). The improvement in predictive errors, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic, probability density function evaluation, and calibration curves of the new score showed the highest predictive value for ACLF onset at 7/14/28 days. Risk stratification of the new score showed 2 strata with high and low risk (≥6.3/<6.3) of ACLF onset. The external validation group further confirmed the earlier results. CONCLUSIONS: A new prognostic score based on 4 predictors can accurately predict the 7-/14-/28-day onset of ACLF in patients with acute deterioration of HBV-related chronic liver disease and might be used to guide clinical management.

4.
Gut ; 71(1): 163-175, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) pathophysiology remains unclear. This study aims to characterise the molecular basis of HBV-ACLF using transcriptomics. METHODS: Four hundred subjects with HBV-ACLF, acute-on-chronic hepatic dysfunction (ACHD), liver cirrhosis (LC) or chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and normal controls (NC) from a prospective multicentre cohort were studied, and 65 subjects (ACLF, 20; ACHD, 10; LC, 10; CHB, 10; NC, 15) among them underwent mRNA sequencing using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). RESULTS: The functional synergy analysis focusing on seven bioprocesses related to the PBMC response and the top 500 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) showed that viral processes were associated with all disease stages. Immune dysregulation, as the most prominent change and disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation, drove CHB or LC to ACHD and ACLF. Metabolic disruption was significant in ACHD and severe in ACLF. The analysis of 62 overlapping DEGs further linked the HBV-based immune-metabolism disorder to ACLF progression. The signatures of interferon-related, neutrophil-related and monocyte-related pathways related to the innate immune response were significantly upregulated. Signatures linked to the adaptive immune response were downregulated. Disruptions of lipid and fatty acid metabolism were observed during ACLF development. External validation of four DEGs underlying the aforementioned molecular mechanism in patients and experimental rats confirmed their specificity and potential as biomarkers for HBV-ACLF pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights immune-metabolism disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation as a potential mechanism of HBV-ACLF and may indicate a novel diagnostic and treatment target to reduce HBV-ACLF-related mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/virologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Metaboloma , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ratos , Transcriptoma
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1273, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The manifestations and prognoses of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) with different precipitating events remain heterogeneous. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and prognosis of patients with hepatotropic viral insult (HVI)-induced hepatitis B-related ACLF (HBV-ACLF). METHODS: 452 patients with confirmed diagnosis of ACLF were screened in three medical centers in China, and 203 HBV-ACLF patients with definite acute precipitating events were retrospectively analyzed. According to the precipitating events, HBV-ACLF patients induced by HBV reactivation and super-infection with HAV were classified as the hepatotropic viral insult group and those induced by other factors, as the non-virus insult (NVI) group. The clinical characteristics, predictive scoring model, and prognosis of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Hepatitis B virus reactivation accounted for the largest proportion (39.9%) among all precipitating events. Exacerbation time frame of the HVI group was significantly longer than that of the NVI group (20 days vs. 10 days, P < 0.001). Comparison of intergroup prognosis showed that there was no significant difference in the 28 day mortality (20.9 vs. 13.7%, P = 0.125), while the 90 day and 1 year mortality in the HVI group were higher than those in the NVI group (36.3 vs. 24.4%, P = 0.014; 39.5% vs. 27.5%, P = 0.020, respectively). In the HVI group, the lactic acid-free APASL-ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) had better predictive value for 90 day mortality (0.741). CONCLUSIONS: The 90 day and 1 year survival rate was lower in HBV-ACLF patients induced by HVI than by NVI. The lactate-free AARC score was a better predictor of short- and long-term prognosis in patients with HVI-induced HBV-ACLF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Hepatite B , China/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 626-634, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is acute decompensation of liver function in the setting of chronic liver disease, and characterized by high short-term mortality. In this study, we sought to investigate the clinical course of patients at specific time points, and to propose dynamic prognostic criteria. METHODS: We assessed the clinical course of 453 patients with ACLF during a 12-week follow-up period in this retrospective multicenter study. The clinical course of patients was defined as disease recovery, improvement, worsening or steady patterns based on the variation tendency in prothrombin activity (PTA) and total bilirubin (TB) at different time points. RESULTS: Resolution of PTA was observed in 231 patients (51%) at 12 weeks after the diagnosis of ACLF. Among the remaining patients, 66 (14.6%) showed improvement and 156 (34.4%) showed a steady or worsening course. In patients with resolved PTA, the clinical course of TB exhibited resolved pattern in 95.2%, improved in 3.9%, and steady or worse in 0.8%. Correspondingly, in patients with improved PTA, these values for TB were 28.8%, 27.3%, and 43.9%, respectively. In patients with steady or worsening PTA, these values for TB were 5.7%, 32.3%, and 65.6%, respectively. Dynamic prognostic criteria were developed by combining the clinical course of PTA/TB and the clinical outcomes at 4 and 12 weeks after diagnosis in ACLF patients. CONCLUSIONS: We propose the following dynamic prognostic criteria: rapid progression, slow progression, rapid recovery, slow recovery, and slow persistence, which lay the foundation for precise prediction of prognosis and the improvement of ACLF therapy.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 750061, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722587

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is an acute deterioration of chronic liver disease with high short-term mortality. The inclusion or exclusion of previously decompensated cirrhosis (DC) in the diagnostic criteria of ACLF defined by the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL-ACLF) has not been conclusive. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of decompensated cirrhosis in ACLF. Methods: We retrospectively collected a cohort of patients with a diagnosis of APASL-ACLF (with or without DC) hospitalized from 2012 to 2020 at three liver units in tertiary hospitals. Baseline characteristics and survival data at 28, 90, 180, 360, 540, and 720 days were collected. Results: Of the patients assessed using APASL-ACLF criteria without the diagnostic indicator of chronic liver disease, 689 patients were diagnosed with ACLF, of whom 435 had no decompensated cirrhosis (non-DC-ACLF) and 254 had previously decompensated cirrhosis (DC-ACLF). The 28-, 90-, 180-, 360-, 540-, and 720-day mortality were 24.8, 42.9, 48.7, 57.3, 63.4, and 68.1%, respectively, in DC-ACLF patients, which were significantly higher than in non-DC-ACLF patients (p < 0.05). DC was independently associated with long-term (180/360/540/720 days) but not short-term (28/90 days) mortality in patients with ACLF. Age, total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, and hepatic encephalopathy were independent risk factors for short- and long-term mortality risk in ACLF patients (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Patients with DC-ACLF have a higher mortality rate, especially long-term mortality, compared to non-DC-ACLF patients. Therefore, DC should be included in the diagnostic criteria of APASL-ACLF and treated according to the ACLF management process.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 735447, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381736

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has shown that the metabolism and clearance of molecular targeted agents, such as sorafenib, plays an important role in mediating the resistance of HCC cells to these agents. Metabolism of sorafenib is performed by oxidative metabolism, which is initially mediated by CYP3A4. Thus, targeting CYP3A4 is a promising approach to enhance the sensitivity of HCC cells to chemotherapeutic agents. In the present work, we examined the association between CYP3A4 and the prognosis of HCC patients receiving sorafenib. Using the online tool miRDB, we predicted that has-microRNA-4277 (miR-4277), an online miRNA targets the 3'UTR of the transcript of cyp3a4. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-4277 in HCC cells repressed the expression of CYP3A4 and reduced the elimination of sorafenib in HCC cells. Moreover, miR-4277 enhanced the sensitivity of HCC cells to sorafenib in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, our results not only expand our understanding of CYP3A4 regulation in HCC, but also provide evidence for the use of miR-4277 as a potential therapeutic in advanced HCC.

9.
J Hepatol ; 75(5): 1104-1115, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Early determination of the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is important to guide clinical management and decrease mortality. The aim of this study was to develop a new simplified prognostic score to accurately predict outcomes in patients with HBV-ACLF. METHODS: Prospective clinical data from 2,409 hospitalized patients with acute deterioration of HBV-related chronic liver disease were used to develop a new prognostic score that was validated in an external group. RESULTS: A total of 954 enrolled patients with HBV-ACLF were diagnosed based on the Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B-ACLF (COSSH-ACLF) criteria. Six predictive factors were significantly related to 28-day mortality and constituted a new prognostic score (=1.649×ln(international normalized ratio)+0.457×hepatic encephalopathy score+0.425×ln(neutrophil)+0.396×ln(total bilirubin)+0.576×ln(serum urea)+0.033×age). The C-indices of the new score for 28-/90-day mortality (0.826/0.809) were significantly higher than those of 4 other scores (COSSH-ACLF, 0.793/0.784; CLIF-C ACLF, 0.792/0.770; MELD, 0.731/0.727; MELD-Na, 0.730/0.726; all p <0.05). The prediction error rates of the new score for 28-day mortality were significantly lower than those of the 4 other scores: COSSH-ACLF (15.9%), CLIF-C ACLF (16.3%), MELD (35.3%) and MELD-Na (35.6%). The probability density function evaluation and risk stratification of the new score also showed the highest predictive values for mortality. These results were then validated in an external cohort. CONCLUSION: A new prognostic score based on 6 predictors, without an assessment of organ failure, can accurately predict short-term mortality in patients with HBV-ACLF and might be used to guide clinical management. LAY SUMMARY: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is a complex syndrome that is associated with a high short-term mortality rate. We developed a simplified prognostic score for patients suffering from this condition based on a prospective multicentre cohort. This new score had better predictive ability than 4 other commonly used scores.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/classificação , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Projetos de Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
10.
J Hepatol ; 75(2): 454-461, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019941

RESUMO

Fatty liver disease associated with metabolic dysfunction is of increasing concern in mainland China, the world's most populous country. The incidence of fatty liver disease is highest in China, surpassing the incidence in European countries and the USA. An international consensus panel recently published an influential report recommending a novel definition of fatty liver disease associated with metabolic dysfunction. This recommendation includes a switch in name from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to metabolic (dysfunction)-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and adoption of a set of positive criteria for disease diagnosis that are independent of alcohol intake or other liver diseases. Given the unique importance of this proposal, the Chinese Society of Hepatology (CSH) invited leading hepatologists and gastroenterologists representing their respective provinces and cities to reach consensus on alternative definitions for fatty liver disease from a national perspective. The CSH endorses the proposed change from NAFLD to MAFLD (supported by 95.45% of participants). We expect that the new definition will result in substantial improvements in health care for patients and advance disease awareness, public health policy, and political, scientific and funding outcomes for MAFLD in China.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Gastroenterologia/tendências , China , Fígado Gorduroso/classificação , Gastroenterologia/organização & administração , Humanos
11.
Eur J Med Res ; 26(1): 45, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hematological comparison of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and other viral pneumonias can provide insights into COVID-19 treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control single-center study, we compared the data of 126 patients with viral pneumonia during different outbreaks [severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, influenza A (H1N1) in 2009, human adenovirus type 7 in 2018, and COVID-19 in 2020]. RESULTS: One of the COVID-19 characteristics was a continuous decline in the hemoglobin level. The neutrophil count was related to the aggravation of COVID-19 and SARS. Thrombocytopenia occurred in patients with SARS and severe COVID-19 even at the recovery stage. Lymphocytes were related to the entire course of adenovirus infection, recovery of COVID-19, and disease development of SARS. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic changes in hematological counts could provide a reference for the pathogenesis and prognosis of pneumonia caused by respiratory viruses in clinics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , Influenza Humana/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/sangue , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Influenza Humana/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/citologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/patologia , Trombocitopenia/patologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1810, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469110

RESUMO

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a dynamic syndrome, and sequential assessments can reflect its prognosis more accurately. Our aim was to build and validate a new scoring system to predict short-term prognosis using baseline and dynamic data in ACLF. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with ACLF from three different hospitals in China. To construct the model, we analyzed a training set of 541 patients from two hospitals. The model's performance was evaluated in a validation set of 130 patients from another center. In the training set, multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that age, WGO type, basic etiology, total bilirubin, creatinine, prothrombin activity, and hepatic encephalopathy stage were all independent prognostic factors in ACLF. We designed a dynamic trend score table based on the changing trends of these indicators. Furthermore, a logistic prediction model (DP-ACLF) was constructed by combining the sum of dynamic trend scores and baseline prognostic parameters. All prognostic scores were calculated based on the clinical data of patients at the third day, first week, and second week after admission, respectively, and were correlated with the 90-day prognosis by ROC analysis. Comparative analysis showed that the AUC value for DP-ACLF was higher than for other prognostic scores, including Child-Turcotte-Pugh, MELD, MELD-Na, CLIF-SOFA, CLIF-C ACLF, and COSSH-ACLF. The new scoring model, which combined baseline characteristics and dynamic changes in clinical indicators to predict the course of ACLF, showed a better prognostic ability than current scoring systems. Prospective studies are needed to validate these results.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Teóricos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 804412, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976842

RESUMO

NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) is a regulator of hepatocellular cancer (HCC)-related inflammation and enhances HCC cells' resistance to antitumor therapies by promoting cell survival and anti-apoptosis processes. In the present work, we demonstrate that A20, a dominant-negative regulator of NF-κB, forms a complex with HSP90 (heat-shock protein 90) and causes the disassociation of the A20/HSP90 complex via downregulation of HSP90. This process restores the antitumor activation of A20. In clinical specimens, the expression level of A20 did not relate with the outcome in patients receiving sorafenib; however, high levels of HSP90 were associated with poor outcomes in these patients. A20 interacted with and formed complexes with HSP90. Knockdown of HSP90 and treatment with an HSP90 inhibitor disassociated the A20/HSP90 complex. Overexpression of A20 alone did not affect HCC cells. Downregulation of HSP90 combined with A20 overexpression restored the effect of A20. Overexpression of A20 repressed the expression of pro-survival and anti-apoptosis-related factors and enhanced HCC cells' sensitivity to sorafenib. These results suggest that interactions with HSP90 could be potential mechanisms of A20 inactivation and disassociation of the A20/HSP90 complex and could serve as a novel strategy for HCC treatment.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20176, 2020 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214662

RESUMO

We aimed to develop a prediction model based on the PIRO concept (Predisposition, Injury, Response and Organ failure) for patients with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). 774 patients with HBV related ACLF defined in the CANONIC study were analyzed according to PIRO components. Variables associated with mortality were selected into the prediction model. Based on the regression coefficients, a score for each PIRO component was developed, and a classification and regression tree was used to stratify patients into different nodes. The prediction model was then validated using an independent cohort (n = 155). Factors significantly associated with 90-day mortality were: P: age, gender and ACLF type; I: drug, infection, surgery, and variceal bleeding; R: systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), spontaneous bacteria peritonitis (SBP), and pneumonia; and O: the CLIF consortium organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs). The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve (95% confidence interval) for the combined PIRO model for 90-day mortality were 0.77 (0.73-0.80). Based on the scores for each of the PIRO components and the cut-offs estimated from the classification and regression tree, patients were stratified into different nodes with different estimated death probability. Based on the PIRO concept, a new prediction model was developed for patients with HBV related ACLF, allowing stratification into different clusters using the different scores obtained in each PIRO component. The proposed model will likely help to stratify patients at different risk, defining individual management plans, assessing criteria for specific therapies, and predicting outcomes.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/mortalidade , Hepatite B/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(11): e9728, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053116

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to propose a stem cell therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) based on plasma exchange (PE) for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection and examine its safety and efficacy. Sixty patients (n=20 in each group) were randomized to PE (PE alone), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (PE after G-CSF treatment), and PBSC transplantation (PBSCT) (G-CSF, PE, PBSC collection and hepatic artery injection) groups. Patients were followed-up for 24 weeks. Liver function and adverse events were recorded. Survival analysis was performed. PBSCT improved blood ammonia levels at 1 week (P<0.05). The level of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, and creatinine showed significant differences in the 4th week of treatment (P<0.05). The survival rates of the PE, G-CSF, and PBSCT groups were 50, 65, and 85% at 90 days (P=0.034). There was a significant difference in 90-day survival between the PE and PBSCT groups (P=0.021). The preliminary results suggested that PBSCT was safe, with a possibility of improved 90-day survival in patients with HBV-ACLF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B/complicações , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Troca Plasmática , Transplante de Células-Tronco
16.
Hepatol Res ; 50(6): 656-670, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134538

RESUMO

AIM: The artificial liver support system (ALSS) is recognized as a bridge to liver transplantation in hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients. However, patient survival remains unknown. We aim to assess the effects of ALSS on survival in HBV-ACLF patients. METHODS: The clinical data of HBV-ACLF patients receiving standard medical treatment (SMT) plus ALSS (ALSS group, n = 507) or only SMT (SMT group, n = 417) were collected for survival assessment. The main end-points were cumulative survival rates at days 21, 28, and 90. Four different rigorous analyses were carried out to reduce bias and confounding. RESULTS: In the entire cohort, the cumulative survival rates at days 21, 28, and 90 were significantly higher in patients who underwent ALSS treatment (73.3% vs. 59.6%, 69.2% vs. 56.6%, 56.5% vs. 49.1%, respectively, P < 0.01) than in those who underwent SMT only. In the 276-pair case-control matched cohort, a significantly higher survival rate was also observed in the ALSS group than in the SMT group on days 21, 28, and 90 (72.5% vs. 60.3%, 68.3% vs. 57.4%, 55.9% vs. 48.5%, respectively, P < 0.05), especially in patients with ACLF-1 and -2. By a multivariable-adjusted analysis, ALSS treatment was associated with a significantly lower risk of mortality, especially for ACLF-2 at days 21, 28, and 90. These findings were also confirmed through propensity score matching and inverse probability treatment weighting analysis. CONCLUSIONS: ALSS treatment can improve short-term survival and is associated with a significantly lower risk of short-term mortality in patients with HBV-ACLF, especially ACLF-2.

17.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1530-1539, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492316

RESUMO

In this work, we study the indentation deformation of a Cu47.5Zr19Hf28.5Al5 bulk-metallic glass-matrix composite and characterize the effects of the indentation-loading rate and the holding time at the peak-indentation load. For the same peak-indentation load, increasing the holding time and/or decreasing the indentation-loading rate cause the increase of the indentation depth. There exists the "bulge" of the unloading curve at the onset of the unloading for small indentation-loading rates. The Vickers hardness is a monotonically increasing function of the indentation-loading rate for the same peak-indentation load. For the indentations with the same loading and unloading time of 30 s and without an intermediate stage at the peak-indentation load, the Vickers hardness of the Cu47.5Zr19Hf28.5Al5 bulk-metallic glass-matrix composite decreases with the increase of the indentation load. The strain energy dissipated through plastic deformation during the indentation is a power-law function of the indentation load with a power index of 3/2, and the energy ratio (total energy/plastic energy) linearly increases with the depth ratio (residual indentation depth/maximum indentation depth).

18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e9728, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Coleciona SUS, LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1132496

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to propose a stem cell therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) based on plasma exchange (PE) for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection and examine its safety and efficacy. Sixty patients (n=20 in each group) were randomized to PE (PE alone), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (PE after G-CSF treatment), and PBSC transplantation (PBSCT) (G-CSF, PE, PBSC collection and hepatic artery injection) groups. Patients were followed-up for 24 weeks. Liver function and adverse events were recorded. Survival analysis was performed. PBSCT improved blood ammonia levels at 1 week (P<0.05). The level of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, and creatinine showed significant differences in the 4th week of treatment (P<0.05). The survival rates of the PE, G-CSF, and PBSCT groups were 50, 65, and 85% at 90 days (P=0.034). There was a significant difference in 90-day survival between the PE and PBSCT groups (P=0.021). The preliminary results suggested that PBSCT was safe, with a possibility of improved 90-day survival in patients with HBV-ACLF.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vírus da Hepatite B , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Hepatite B/complicações , Troca Plasmática , Transplante de Células-Tronco
19.
Hepatol Int ; 13(6): 695-705, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cirrhosis is a controversial determinant of mortality in HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). The present study aimed to explore the effects of cirrhosis and the associated risk factors, especially its complications, on the outcome of HBV-ACLF. METHODS: A prospective-retrospective cohort of 985 patients was identified from the APASL-ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) database and the Chinese Study Group. Complications of ACLF (ascites, infection, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatic encephalopathy, upper gastrointestinal bleeding) as well as cirrhosis and the current main prognostic models were measured for their predictive ability for 28- or 90-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 709 patients with HBV-ACLF as defined by the AARC criteria were enrolled. Among these HBV-ACLF patients, the cirrhotic group showed significantly higher mortality and complications than the non-cirrhotic group. A total of 36.1% and 40.1% of patients met the European Association for the Study of Liver (EASL)-Chronic Liver Failure consortium (CLIF-C) criteria in the non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic groups, respectively; these patients had significantly higher rates of mortality and complications than those who did not satisfy the CLIF-C criteria. Furthermore, among patients who did not meet the CLIF-C criteria, the cirrhotic group exhibited higher mortality and complication rates than the non-cirrhotic group, without significant differences in organ failure. The Tongji prognostic predictor model score (TPPMs), which set the number of complications as one of the determinants, showed comparable or superior ability to the Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B-ACLF score (COSSH-ACLFs), APASL-ACLF Research Consortium score (AARC-ACLFs), CLIF-C organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), CLIF-C-ACLF score (CLIF-C-ACLFs), Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score (MELDs) and MELD-sodium score (MELD-Nas) in HBV-ACLF patients, especially in cirrhotic HBV--ACLF patients. Patients with two (OR 4.70, 1.88) or three (OR 8.27, 2.65) complications had a significantly higher risk of 28- or 90-day mortality, respectively. CONCLUSION: The presence of complications is a major risk factor for mortality in HBV-ACLF patients. TPPM possesses high predictive ability in HBV-ACLF patients, especially in cirrhotic HBV-ACLF patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/epidemiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/mortalidade , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/virologia , Adulto , Ascite/complicações , Ásia/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(1): e13983, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to compare the efficacy and safety of entecavir and tenofovir in the treatment of treatment-naïve HBV e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) for 144 weeks. METHODS: A total of 320 treatment-naïve HBeAg-positive CHB patients who received randomly a single regimen of either entecavir capsule (ETV) (n = 160) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate capsule (TDF) (n = 160) for 144 weeks were consecutively enrolled from 14 tertiary hospitals or university hospitals in China between January 2012 and December 2014. RESULTS: Two groups showed no difference in baseline characteristics. After 144 weeks of treatment, HBV DNA levels were similarly suppressed in both groups (ETV vs TDF; -6.6485 vs -6.692 log10IU/mL, P = .807). At the same time, both groups showed no difference in terms of the serologic and biochemical response. Of all patients, 2 dropped out due to adverse events and 5 experienced serious adverse reactions. CONCLUSION: Both capsules (ETV or TDF) were equally effective in nucleos(t)ide-naive CHB patients with a comparable side-effect profile even in a long-term of 144 weeks.


Assuntos
Guanina/análogos & derivados , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , China/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Guanina/administração & dosagem , Guanina/efeitos adversos , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Tenofovir/administração & dosagem , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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