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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(5): 629-637, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911638

RESUMO

Geissoschizine methyl ether (GM) is an indole alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophyll (UR) that has been used for the treatment of epilepsy in traditional Chinese medicine. An early study in a glutamate-induced mouse seizure model demonstrated that GM was one of the active ingredients of UR. In this study, electrophysiological technique was used to explore the mechanism underlying the antiepileptic activity of GM. We first showed that GM (1-30 µmol/L) dose-dependently suppressed the spontaneous firing and prolonged the action potential duration in cultured mouse and rat hippocampal neurons. Given the pivotal roles of ion channels in regulating neuronal excitability, we then examined the effects of GM on both voltage-gated and ligand-gated channels in rat hippocampal neurons. We found that GM is an inhibitor of multiple neuronal channels: GM potently inhibited the voltage-gated sodium (NaV), calcium (CaV), and delayed rectifier potassium (IK) currents, and the ligand-gated nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) currents with IC50 values in the range of 1.3-13.3 µmol/L. In contrast, GM had little effect on the voltage-gated transient outward potassium currents (IA) and four types of ligand-gated channels (γ-amino butyric acid (GABA), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate/kainite (AMPA/KA receptors)). The in vivo antiepileptic activity of GM was validated in two electricity-induced seizure models. In the maximal electroshock (MES)-induced mouse seizure model, oral administration of GM (50-100 mg/kg) dose-dependently suppressed generalized tonic-clonic seizures. In 6-Hz-induced mouse seizure model, oral administration of GM (100 mg/kg) reduced treatment-resistant seizures. Thus, we conclude that GM is a promising antiepileptic candidate that inhibits multiple neuronal channels.

2.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 32(11): 743-765, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892280

RESUMO

Aims: Endothelial dysfunction appears in early diabetes mellitus partially because of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) abnormal activation and downstream oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to determine whether Y396, a synthesized analog of rhynchophylline, could protect against endothelial dysfunction in diabetes and the underlying molecular mechanism. Results: Y396 could directly target the EGFR and inhibit its phosphorylation induced by high glucose and EGF, downstream translocation to the nucleus of E2F1, and its transcriptional activity and expression of Nox4. Diabetes-induced endothelium malfunction was ameliorated by Y396 treatment through EGFR inhibition. Downstream oxidative stress was decreased by Y396 in the aortas of type 1 diabetes mellitus mice and primary rat aorta endothelial cells (RAECs). Y396 could also ameliorate tunicamycin-induced oxidative stress in the aorta and RAECs. In addition, we again determined the protective effects of Y396 on high-fat diet/streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus. Innovation: This is the first study to demonstrate that Y396, a novel rhynchophylline analog, suppressed high-glucose-induced endothelial malfunction both in vivo and in vitro by inhibiting abnormal phosphorylation of EGFR. Our work uncovered EGFR as a novel therapeutic target and Y396 as a potential therapy against diabetes-induced complication. Conclusion: Y396 could directly bind with EGFR, and inhibit its phosphorylation and downstream E2F1 transcriptional activity. It could also preserve tunicamycin-evoked endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. It could protect against diabetes-induced endothelium malfunction in vivo through EGFR inhibition and downstream oxidative stress. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 32, 743-765.

3.
Int Heart J ; 57(2): 254-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26973259

RESUMO

Pheochromocytomas and left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) are both rare diseases. In this patient, the long duration of the catecholamine-secreted pheochromocytoma caused myocardial ischemia, pressure overload, and hypertrophy, resulting in the onset of heart failure (HF). The LVNC might be associated with the acute attack of HF induced by the pheochromocytoma. This is the first case reporting LVNC in combination with HF secondary to pheochromocytoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Epinefrina/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/complicações , Feocromocitoma/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/metabolismo , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/fisiopatologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Feocromocitoma/metabolismo
4.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 36(4): 1316-30, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Sodium 9-acetoxyltanshinone IIA sulfonate (ZY-1A4), a novel compound derived from sodium 9-hydroxyltanshinone IIA sulfonate, was synthesized with potential biological activities. This study aimed to explore the effects of ZY-1A4 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-triggered inflammatory response and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Activation of RAW264.7 macrophages was induced by LPS. The effects of ZY-1A4 on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, nitric oxide (NO) generation, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression, and nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway were evaluated to elucidate its underlying mechanisms on inflammatory responses. RESULTS: ZY-1A4 concentration-dependently reduced iNOS expression and NO production, and inhibited c-Jun-N-terminal kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2) phosphorylation and NF-κB activation in LPS-stimulated macrophages. In addition, ZY-1A4 concentration- and time-dependently induced HO-1 expression associated with degradation of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and nuclear translocation of Nrf2, while the effect of ZY-1A4 was abolished by a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002. Intriguingly, pharmacological inactivation of HO-1 with zinc protoporphyrin IX reversed anti-inflammatory effect of ZY- 1A4, but the anti-inflammatory effect of ZY-1A4 was largely mimicked by HO-1 by-products carbon monoxide and bilirubin. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of ZY-1A4 on LPS-induced iNOS expression and NO release was abolished by HO-1 siRNA or LY294002. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that ZY-1A4 suppressed LPS-induced iNOS expression and NO generation via modulation of NF-κB activation and HO-1 expression. This new finding might shed light to the prevention and therapy of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Linhagem Celular , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/imunologia , Fenantrenos/química , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Bot Stud ; 56(1): 5, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. f. alba is a traditional Chinese herbal drug with special pharmacological effect on thromboangiitis obliterans. However, the nature source of S.miltiorrhiza Bge.f.alba is now in short supply because of the over-collection of the wild plant. To better utilize this resource, the diversity and antioxidant activity of endophytic fungi isolated from S. miltiorrhiza Bge. f. alba were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 14 endophytic fungi were isolated from different parts of S. miltiorrhiza Bge.f.alba. Based on morphological and molecular identification, the endophytic fungi isolated were classified into four genera (Alternaria sp., Fusarium sp., Schizophyllum sp. and Trametes sp.). These fungal extracts were prepared using ethanol and evaluated for their phytochemical compounds and antioxidant activity. Alternaria alternata SaF-2 and Fusarium proliferatum SaR-2 are of particular interest because they yielded all of nine phytochemicals including saponins, phenol, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, steroids, tannins, alkaloids, anthroquinone and terpenoids. F. proliferatum SaR-2 and A. alternata SaF-2 also exhibited stronger antioxidant activities by FRAP and DPPH method, having the higher levels of phenol and flavonoid than those of plant root. The total amount of phenol and flavonoid quantified were of 21.75, 20.53 gallic acid equivalent per gram and 8.27 and 7.36 µg/mg of quercetin equivalent respectively. These two endophytic fungi (SaR-2 and SaF-2) were found to have comparable scavenging abilities on both FRAP (1682.21 and 1659.05 µmol/mg, respectively) and DPPH-free radicals (90.14% and 83.25%, respectively, at 0.1 mg/mL). This is the first report about isolation of endophytic fungi from S. miltiorrhiza Bge.f.alba and their antioxidant activities. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the endophytic fungi associated with S. miltiorrhiza Bge.f. alba can be a potential source of novel natural antioxidants.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(5): 678-82, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23724674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the application of degrading multi-enzymes from Ganoderma lucidum in extracting effective constituents from fibrous roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza. METHOD: Effective constituents were extracted from fibrous roots by degrading multi-enzymes of wood fiber. The enzymatic parameters were optimized by the orthogonal design. RESULT: The extraction efficiencies of total tanshinones and total salvianolic acids in the extracts of fibrous roots of S. miltiorrhiza was obtained using optimum enzymolysis process reached 11.923%, 12.465%, respectively, which were 62.794%, 56.086% more than that by conventional non-enzymatic hydrolysis. CONCLUSION: Degrading multi-enzymes of wood fiber can be used to fully extract effective constituents from fibrous roots of S. miltiorrhiza, which provides a new approach for recycling wastes of traditional Chinese medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/química , Reishi/enzimologia , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , /isolamento & purificação , Alcenos/isolamento & purificação , Alcenos/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Temperatura , Madeira/enzimologia
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