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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126830, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396975

RESUMO

Numerous studies have investigated neurobehavioral toxicity of microplastics, but no studies have illustrated mechanism via brain-gut axis. Here, juvenile discus fish (Symphysodon aequifasciatus) were exposed for 96 h to microfibers (900 µm, fiber, MFs) or nanoplastics (~88 nm, bead, NPs) with three concentrations (0, 20 and 200 µg/L). Accumulation in fish gut was independent of plastics type and concentration. MFs reduced growth performance while NPs weakened swimming and predatory performance of post-exposed discus. For brain cholinesterase activity, acetylcholinesterase was activated by NPs while NPs/MFs exposure inhibited butyrylcholinesterase. Concentrations of neurotransmitters (acetylcholine, dopamine and γ-aminobutyric acid) increased in brain but decreased in gut after NPs or MFs exposure. For gut microbiota, increased richness under MFs exposure was observed. At phylum level, Proteobacteria proportion was lower in NPs but higher in MFs. Abundance of Clostridia and Fusobacteriia (Bacillus), potentially secreting neurotransmitters, increased in NPs but decreased in MFs. Brain transcriptomics revealed seven upregulated and four downregulated genes concerning neural-activities. Pathways of neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and serotonergic synapse were enriched in both MFs and NPs, but dopaminergic synapse pathway was enriched only in MFs. These results established a novel mechanism by which microplastics might cause behavioral toxicities via brain-gut-microbiota axis.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0253858, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618818

RESUMO

Research indicates that Staphylococcus aureus colonization in the elderly with predisposing risks is associated with subsequent infection. However, the molecular epidemiology and risk factors for S. aureus colonization among residents and staff in nursing homes (NHs) in China remain unclear. A multicenter study was conducted in three NHs in Shanghai between September 2019 and October 2019. We explored the prevalence, molecular epidemiology, and risk factors for S. aureus colonization. All S. aureus isolates were characterized based on antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcus protein A (spa) typing, and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing. NH records were examined for potential risk factors for S. aureus colonization. S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates were detected in 109 (100 residents and 9 staff, 19.8%, 109/551) and 28 (24 residents and 4 staff, 5.1%, 28/551) subjects among 496 residents and 55 staff screened, respectively. Compared to methicillin-susceptible S. aureus isolates, all 30 MRSA isolates had higher resistance rates to most antibiotics except minocycline, rifampicin, linezolid, vancomycin, and teicoplanin. Sequence type (ST) 1 (21.3%) was the most common sequence type, and t127 (20.5%) was the most common spa type among 122 S. aureus isolates. SCCmec type I (70%) was the dominant clone among all MRSA isolates. CC1 (26/122, 21.3%) was the predominant complex clone (CC), followed by CC398 (25/122, 20.5%), CC5 (20/122, 16.4%) and CC188 (18/122, 14.8%). Female sex (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.04-2.79; P = 0.036) and invasive devices (OR, 2.19; 95% CI, 1.26-3.81; P = 0.006) were independently associated with S. aureus colonization.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 192: 161-168, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597699

RESUMO

Aureobasidium melanogenum P16, the high pullulan producer, had only one GATA type transcriptional activator AreA and one GATA type transcriptional repressor AreB. It was found that 2.4 g/L of (NH4)2SO4 had obvious nitrogen repression on pullulan biosynthesis by A. melanogenum P16. Removal of the AreB gene could make the disruptant DA6 produce 34.8 g/L pullulan while the P16 strain only produced 28.8 g/L pullulan at the efficient nitrogen condition. Further both removal of the native AreA gene and overexpression of the mutated AreAS628-S678 gene with non-phosphorylatable residues could render the transformant DEA12 to produce 39.8 g/L pullulan. The transcriptional levels of most of the genes related to pullulan biosynthesis in the transformant DEA12 were greatly enhanced. The mutated AreAS628-S678 was localized in the nuclei of the transformant DEA12 while the native AreA was distributed in the cytoplasm in A. melanogenum P16. This meant that nitrogen repression on pullulan biosynthesis in the transformant DEA12 was indeed significantly relieved. This was the first time to report that the GATA type transcriptional factors of nitrogen catabolite repression system could regulate pullulan biosynthesis in Aureobasidium spp.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108211, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634687

RESUMO

Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is an intrapulmonary neuropeptide with multi-function, including anti-fibrosis. However, the exact role of VIP in pulmonary fibrosis has not been documented. Here, we investigated the protective effect of VIP against pulmonary fibrosis in a murine model induced by bleomycin (BLM). We found that the overexpression of VIP mediated by the adenoviral vector significantly attenuated the lung tissue destruction, reduced the deposition of the extracellular matrix, and inhibited the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in the lungs of mice received BLM. Mechanismly, we found that VIP significantly suppressed the transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and inhibited the matrix-producing ability of alveolar epithelial cells in vitro. Furthermore, we found that TGF-ß1 depressed the autophagy and an autophagy inductor partly reversed the TGF-ß1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells. The impaired autophagy was also observed in the lungs of BLM-treated mice, which was restored by VIP treatment. And VIP treatment enhanced autophagy in TGF-ß1-stimulated alveolar epithelial cells, contributing to its anti-EMT effect. In summary, our data, for the first time, show that VIP attenuates BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice with anti-EMT effect through restoring autophagy in alveolar epithelial cells. This study provides a possibility that inhaled long-acting VIP may be an anti-fibrotic drug in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20159, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635711

RESUMO

Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used fast-acting pyridine herbicide. Accidental ingestion or self-administration via various routes can cause severe organ damage. Currently, no effective antidote is available commercially, and the mortality rate of poisoned patients is exceptionally high. Here, the efficacy of anthrahydroquinone-2-6-disulfonate (AH2QDS) was observed in treating PQ poisoning by constructing in vivo and ex vivo models. We then explored the detoxification mechanism of AH2QDS. We demonstrated that, in a rat model, the PQ concentration in the PQ + AH2QDS group significantly decreased compared to the PQ only group. Additionally, AH2QDS protected the mitochondria of rats and A549 cells and decreased oxidative stress damage, thus improving animal survival and cell viability. Finally, the differentially expressed genes were analysed in the PQ + AH2QDS group and the PQ group by NextGen sequencing, and we verified that Nrf2's expression in the PQ + AH2QDS group was significantly higher than that in the PQ group. Our work identified that AH2QDS can detoxify PQ by reducing PQ uptake and protecting mitochondria while enhancing the body's antioxidant activity.

6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605341

RESUMO

One new ionone glycoside, named centrantheroside F (1), together with 9 known compounds (2-10), were isolated from the roots of Centranthera grandiflora. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analyses and comparing with the literature data. The absolute configuration of 1 was confirmed via 2 D NMR and electronic circular dichroism (ECD). All isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636126

RESUMO

Although ether-based electrolytes have been extensively applied in anode evaluation of batteries, anodic instability arising from solvent oxidability is always a tremendous obstacle to matching with high-voltage cathodes. Herein, by rational design for solvation configuration, the fully coordinated ether-based electrolyte with strong resistance against oxidation is reported, which remains anodically stable with high-voltage Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 2 O 2 F (NVPF) cathode under 4.5 V (versus Na + /Na) protected by an effective interphase . The assembled graphite//NVPF full cells display superior rate performance and unprecedented cycling stability. Beyond that , the constructed full cells coupling the high-voltage NVPF cathode with both hard carbon and graphite anodes exhibit outstanding electrochemical performances in terms of high average output voltage up to 3.72 V, long-term cycle life (such as 95 % capacity retention after 700 cycles) and high energy density (247 W h kg -1 ). In short, the optimized ether-based electrolyte enriches systematic options, the ability to maintain oxidative stability and compatibility with various anodes, exhibiting attractive prospects for application.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636819

RESUMO

The first-row transition metal compounds, [MII(L1)2](ClO4)2 (M = Ni (1); Co (2)), have been prepared by treatment of a neutral tetradentate ligand (L1 = N2,N9-dibutyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxamide) with metal perchlorate salts in MeOH. Both compounds have been structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography and it was found that the coordination numbers are 6 and 7, respectively. The reaction of 6,6'-bis(2-tbutyl-tetrazol-5-yl)-2,2'-bipyridine (L2) with hydrated FeII(ClO4)2 afforded a 8-coordinate Fe(II) compound, [FeII(L2)2](ClO4)2 (3); however its reaction with hydrated CoII(ClO4)2 resulted in 6-coordinate [CoII(L2)2](ClO4)2. It is interesting to observe field-induced slow magnetic relaxation in the 7-coordinate Co(II) compound 2 and 8-coordinate Fe(II) compound 3, which further supports the validity of designing high coordination number compounds as single-molecule magnets. Direct current magnetic studies demonstrate that 2 has a very large positive D value (56.2 cm-1) and a small E value (0.66 cm-1), indicating easy plane magnetic anisotropy. Consistent with the larger D value, an effective spin-reversal barrier of Ueff = 100 K (71.4 cm-1) is obtained, which is the highest value reported for 7-coordinate Co(II) complexes with a pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. In contrast, 8-coordinate Fe(II) compound 3 exhibits uniaxial magnetic anisotropy.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632471

RESUMO

We investigated the SN2 Walden-inversion mechanism of X- (X = SH, PH2) + CH3Y (Y = F, Cl, Br, I) reactions in water using multi-level quantum mechanics (ML-QM) and molecular mechanics (MM) methods. The potentials of the mean force were mapped using not only the density functional theory (DFT)/MM method but also a high-level, accurate CCSD(T)/MM method using the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. In particular, for the PH2- + CH3I reaction, although the backside attack Walden-inversion mechanics were not observed in the gas phase, we found that this mechanism takes place in water. The atomic-level dynamics of the concerted SN2 mechanism and the stationary points along the reaction paths were characterized. For these reactions in water, their Walden-inversion barriers are higher than their corresponding ones in the gas phase, indicating that the aqueous solution hinders their reactivity. For the reactions with the same nucleophile X- in water, the reaction barrier heights with different leaving groups are in the order of F > Cl > Br > I. For the same leaving group Y with different nucleophiles SH- and PH2-, the reaction barrier with SH- is greater than that of PH2- due to the former having higher electronegativity than the latter.

10.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633230

RESUMO

Dry rot caused by Diaporthe batatatis leads to the serious decay of sweetpotato storage roots during postharvest storage, which can result in considerable economic loss. Genomic research of the pathogen could provide a basis for study and prevention of sweetpotato dry rot. Herein, we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of D.batatatis CRI 302-4 isolated from infected sweetpotato storage roots in Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province, China. The size of the genome was 54.38Mb and consisted of 36 scaffolds with a G+C content of 50.56% and an N50 of 2,950,914 bp. The information provided in this genome sequence will be an invaluable resource for molecular genetic research and disease control in sweetpotato production.

11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618330

RESUMO

We recently reported that intraperitoneal injection of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF), a brain-derived neurotrophic factor-mimicking small compound, could attenuate alcohol-related behaviors in a two-bottle choice ethanol consumption procedure (IA2BC) in rats via tropomyosin receptor kinase B in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), which is closely related to alcohol use disorder. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the regulation of 7,8-DHF on alcohol drinking behavior remain elusive. In this study, we determined the role of nitric oxide (NO), a pleiotropic signaling molecule, in the VTA in the action of 7,8-DHF upon alcohol drinking behavior. Intermittent alcohol exposure led to the overexpression of NO in the VTA, especially 72 h after withdrawal from four weeks of ethanol exposure in IA2BC rats. A higher amount of alcohol intake was also found at the same time point, consistent with the overexpression of NO in the VTA. Microinjection of NG-Nitro-l-Arginine Methyl Ester, (NO synthase inhibitor) or 2-4-carboxyphenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (NO scavenger) into the VTA inhibited alcohol intake, whereas application of S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP, the NO donor) in the VTA further enhanced alcohol consumption in IA2BC rats. Interestingly, either 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (a sGC inhibitor) or KT5823 [a selective protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitor] blocked NO's enhancing effect on ethanol intake. Intraperitoneal injection of 7,8-DHF reduced the overexpression of NO; SNAP microinjected into the VTA reversed the inhibitory effects of 7,8-DHF on alcohol consumption. Our findings suggest that NO-cGMP-PKG might be involved in regulation of 7,8-DHF on alcohol consumption in IA2BC rats.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639055

RESUMO

Organ fibrosis often ends in eventual organ failure and leads to high mortality. Although researchers have identified many effector cells and molecular pathways, there are few effective therapies for fibrosis to date and the underlying mechanism needs to be examined and defined further. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are endogenous lipid metabolites of arachidonic acid (ARA) synthesized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases. EETs are rapidly metabolized primarily via the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) pathway. The sEH pathway produces dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs), which have lower activity. Stabilized or increased EETs levels exert several protective effects, including pro-angiogenesis, anti-inflammation, anti-apoptosis, and anti-senescence. Currently, intensive investigations are being carried out on their anti-fibrotic effects in the kidney, heart, lung, and liver. The present review provides an update on how the stabilized or increased production of EETs is a reasonable theoretical basis for fibrosis treatment.

14.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 293, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little objective information concerning the effect of steam-flaked grains on foal's growth performance and faecal microbiota. To determine the effects of steam-flaked grains on foal's growth performance and faecal microbiota, faecal samples were collection from 18 foals which had been fed either corn, oat or barley diets over the 60 days of the experiment. Body weight and conformation measurements were collected. Next-generation sequencing of the V3 + V4 region of the 16 S rRNA gene was used to assess the microbial composition of faeces. Alpha diversity, Venn graph, Relative abundance and beta diversity are presented. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher larger increase in the body weight of those foals fed barley compared to either corn or oats. There were also significant changes in the Alpha diversity of the gut microbiota. The Shannon and Simpson indices were significantly higher in the barley fed group than those fed corn or oats. The Chao1 index was significantly higher in the oat fed group than the corn or barley fed groups. There were significant changes in the relative abundance of bacteria in the microbiota in terms of phylum, family and genus. The histogram of LDA value distribution showed that the 12 statistically different biomarkers of the bacteria were present. Tax4Fun function annotation clustering heat map showed that functional information was detected from 26 species of bacteria in faecal samples from the foals. CONCLUSIONS: Differences by starch sources were found in overall growth of the foals and in the faecal microbiota if either supplementary corn, oat or barley was fed. Further studies are required to determine the potential impact of the changes in the microbiota on the health and development of foals fed cereal starch of different sources.

15.
Circulation ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503349

RESUMO

Background: Doxycycline was demonstrated in a retrospective study to be associated with greater survival in patients with light chain (AL) amyloidosis. Therefore, we prospectively compared the efficacy of bortezomib-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone (CyBorD) and CyBorD combined with doxycycline for cardiac AL amyloidosis. Methods: This was a multicenter, open-label randomized controlled trial. Patients with Mayo 2004 stage II-III AL amyloidosis were included. Patients were randomized to doxycycline 100 mg twice daily along with 9 cycles of CyBorD (doxycycline group) or to 9 cycles of CyBorD alone (control group). The primary outcome was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). PFS was defined as the time from randomization to death, hematologic progression or organ progression (heart, kidney or liver). Hematologic progression was defined based on substantial increase in free light chain. Increase in either N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide or cardiac troponin was the main criterion for defining cardiac progression. Cardiac PFS, defined as the time from randomization to cardiac progression or death, was compared between groups in an exploratory analysis. The corresponding treatment hazard ratio was estimated using a Cox regression model. Results: 140 patients underwent randomization, with 70 in each group. The median age was 61 (range, 33-78) years with a male: female ratio of 1.75:1. Stage II disease was present in 34 (48.6%) and 33 (47.1%) patients in the doxycycline and control groups, respectively. After a median follow-up duration of 24.4 months, 32/70 (45.7%) of patients in the doxycycline group and 30/70 (42.9%) of patients in the control group experienced progression. PFS was not significantly different between groups (hazard ratio 0.97, 95% CI, 0.59-1.60, p=0.91). Cardiac progression occurred in 29/70 (41.4%) of patients in the doxycycline group and 26/70 (37.1%) of patients in the control group. The death rates for both groups by the end of follow-up was the same, 25/70 (35.7%). There were no significant differences observed for either cardiac PFS (hazard ratio 0.91, 95% CI, 0.54-1.55, p=0.74) or overall survival (hazard ratio 1.04, 95% CI, 0.60-1.81, p=0.89). Conclusions: Our trial demonstrated that doxycycline combined with CyBorD failed to prolong PFS or cardiac PFS compared with CyBorD alone in cardiac AL amyloidosis. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT03401372.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3106-3115, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467702

RESUMO

To obtain the difference of the fungal and bacterial community diversity between wild Cordyceps sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil, Illmina Hiseq high-throughput sequencing technology was applied. The results show that Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in C. sinensis, Actinobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in soil microhabitat, Ophiocordyceps sinensis was the predominant dominant fungus of C. sinensis. The α diversity analysis showed that the fungal diversity of stroma was lower than other parts, and the fungal diversity of wild C. sinensis was lower than that of artificial C. sinensis. The ß diversity analysis showed that the fungal and bacterial community diversity of soil microhabitat samples was significantly different from that of C. sinensis. The fungal community diversity was less different between wild and artificial C. sinensis, especially in sclerotia. LEfSe analysis showed a lot of species diversity between wild and artificial C. sinensis. Those different species between wild C. sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil provide ideas for further research on breed and components of C. sinensis.


Assuntos
Cordyceps , Microbiota , Cordyceps/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Microbiota/genética , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 5755-5776, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471351

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor with a dreadful overall survival and high mortality. One of the most difficult challenges in clinical treatment is that most drugs hardly pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and achieve efficient accumulation at tumor sites. Thus, to circumvent this hurdle, developing an effectively traversing BBB drug delivery nanovehicle is of significant clinical importance. Rabies virus glycoprotein (RVG) is a derivative peptide that can specifically bind to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) widely overexpressed on BBB and glioma cells for the invasion of rabies virus into the brain. Inspired by this, RVG has been demonstrated to potentiate drugs across the BBB, promote the permeability, and further enhance drug tumor-specific selectivity and penetration. Methods: Here, we used the RVG15, rescreened from the well-known RVG29, to develop a brain-targeted liposome (RVG15-Lipo) for enhanced BBB permeability and tumor-specific delivery of paclitaxel (PTX). The paclitaxel-cholesterol complex (PTX-CHO) was prepared and then actively loaded into liposomes to acquire high entrapment efficiency (EE) and fine stability. Meanwhile, physicochemical properties, in vitro and in vivo delivery efficiency and therapeutic effect were investigated thoroughly. Results: The particle size and zeta potential of PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo were 128.15 ± 1.63 nm and -15.55 ± 0.78 mV, respectively. Compared with free PTX, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo exhibited excellent targeting efficiency and safety in HBMEC and C6 cells, and better transport efficiency across the BBB in vitro model. Furthermore, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo could noticeably improve the accumulation of PTX in the brain, and then promote the chemotherapeutic drugs penetration in C6luc orthotopic glioma based on in vivo imaging assays. The in vivo antitumor results indicated that PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo significantly inhibited glioma growth and metabasis, therefore improved survival rate of tumor-bearing mice with little adverse effect. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the RVG15 was a promising brain-targeted specific ligands owing to the superior BBB penetration and tumor targeting ability. Based on the outstanding therapeutic effect both in vitro and in vivo, PTX-CHO-RVG15-Lipo was proved to be a potential delivery system for PTX to treat glioma in clinic.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559763

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to develop a 3D-printed pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) guide plate system. A 3D model and postoperative CT data were used to evaluate the accuracy of osteotomy with this system. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The key to the success of spinal orthopaedic treatment is an effectively performed osteotomy. A 3D-printed osteotomy plate can be used for preoperative surgical planning. Due to the anatomical complexity of the spinal region, the clinical application of 3D-printed osteotomy plates remains challenging. METHODS: The CT scans of 10 patients with thoracolumbar spinal deformities were obtained in the DICOM format. The diseased vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae were reconstructed and reduced by computer-aided design (CAD) software, and an osteotomy plate was designed for the diseased vertebrae. The 3D-printed spinal model and osteotomy plate were used to simulate the operation for PSO. After the operation, the vertebral body treated by osteotomy underwent a CT scan, and the findings were compared with the preoperative design to evaluate the osteotomy accuracy. RESULTS: The new 3D guide plate and spine model were used to successfully simulate 10 cases of PSO, and the comparison of the preoperative and postoperative states indicated that the osteotomy outcomes were excellent. CONCLUSIONS: The new 3D-printed PSO guide plate system can be used for preoperative osteotomy planning and demonstrates good accuracy. The results can be used to develop 3D-printed plans for PSO in clinical practice.Level of Evidence: 3.

19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9753-9766, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514714

RESUMO

Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid compound extracted from a Chinese herb, has been proved to exert anti-oxidative stress effects in various disease models. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of oridonin on oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury in ischaemic stroke. We found oridonin repaired blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity presented with upregulation of tight junction proteins (TJ proteins) expression, inhibited the infiltration of periphery inflammatory cells and neuroinflammation and thereby reduced infarct volume in ischaemic stroke mice. Furthermore, our results showed that oridonin could protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury via promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2). The specific mechanism could be the activation of AKT(Ser473)/GSK3ß(Ser9)/Fyn signalling pathway. Our findings revealed the therapeutic effect and mechanism of oridonin in ischaemic stroke, which provided fundamental evidence for developing the extracted compound of Chinese herbal medicine into an innovative drug for ischaemic stroke treatment.

20.
Chem Biodivers ; : e2100663, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519434

RESUMO

Two new azaphilone compounds, daldinins G (1) and H (2), together with nine known compounds daldinin D (3), sargassopenilline B (4), austalide V (5), austalide K (6), austalide P (7), austalide P acid (8), austalide H (9), 13-O-deacetyaustalide I (10), and 17-O-demethylaustalide B (11), were isolated from the soft coral-derived fungus Penicillium glabrum glmu003. The new structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectra, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analysis. Compound 5 showed weak inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL) with IC50 value of 23.9 µg/mL.

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