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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 126: 104243, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450129

RESUMO

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is one of the most dangerous pathogen in shrimp aquaculture, which can cause extremely high mortality of shrimp. A full understanding of virus-host interactions is important to prevent viral infection. In the present study, wsv089-interacting molecule Litopenaeus vannamei peroxiredoxins2-like (LvPrx2-L) was selected by the yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) method. The interaction between wsv089 and LvPrx2-L was confirmed by far-western blotting assay. Interestingly, a further study indicated that LvPrx2-L interacted with VP26, and the molecular docking analysis supported the interaction between LvPrx2-L and VP26. Tissues distribution assay showed that LvPrx2-L was detected in all sampled tissues. The highest expression of LvPrx2-L was appeared in hemocytes. Following WSSV challenge, LvPrx2-L mRNA transcripts were significantly increased in the hemocytes and gill. In addition, the relative expression of IE1 and VP28 were remarkably up-regulated in the hepatopancreas and intestines of LvPrx2-L-knockdown shrimp. Moreover, the cumulative survival rate was significantly lower in the LvPrx2-L- silenced group compared with the control and blank groups. Furthermore, LvPrx2-L could regulate the expression of proPO, crustin, ALF3, and CAT at the mRNA level. These findings would further deepen our understanding of WSSV-host interaction and shrimp antiviral response. All these data might useful for assessing the function of LvPrx2-L in the immune response of crustacean.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112178, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649308

RESUMO

Modified citrus pectin (MCP) is a specific inhibitor of galectin-3 (Gal-3) that is regarded as a new biomarker of cardiac hypertrophy, but its effect is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the role and mechanism of MCP in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Rats were injected with ISO to induce cardiac hypertrophy and treated with MCP. Cardiac function was detected by ECG and echocardiography. Pathomorphological changes were evaluated by the haematoxylin eosin (H&E) and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) staining. The hypertrophy-related genes for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and ß-myosin heavy chain (ß-MHC), and the associated signal molecules were analysed by qRT-PCR and western blotting. The results show that MCP prevented cardiac hypertrophy and ameliorated cardiac dysfunction and structural disorder. MCP also decreased the levels of ANP, BNP, and ß-MHC and inhibited the expression of Gal-3 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Additionally, MCP blocked the phosphorylation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), but it promoted the phosphorylation of p38. Thus, MCP prevented ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy by activating p38 signalling and inhibiting the Gal-3/TLR4/JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

3.
Appl Opt ; 60(29): 9232-9240, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624010

RESUMO

A novel, to the best of our knowledge, hole radius and spacing measurement method is presented based on binocular vision combined with dynamic local plane for the large-size workpiece with plane feature. The novel method overcomes the problem of the ariable working distance and large location error of an abrupt edge for conventional methods. Its measurement principle and model are introduced. Then, a chamfered inner edge extraction method based on the shrinkage of an elliptical band and an adaptive weight optimal calculation based on redundant measurement data are presented to improve the measurement accuracy. Experiments are carried out to validate the presented method, and a high measurement accuracy with a standard deviation of 0.017 mm in the hole radius and 0.021 mm in hole spacing have eventually been achieved for the actual measurement workpieces, respectively. Compared with the common method, the measurement accuracy is improved by at least 77% and 53% in radius and spacing, respectively.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550154

RESUMO

For the purpose of efficient targeted therapies, suppressing phagocytosis by a mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), enhancing the "active" targeted delivery, and meeting clinical production criteria are extremely critical for engineering strategies of novel drug delivery systems. Herein, we used a chemically-induced membrane blebbing and extrusion combined method to induce triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell apoptosis to secrete apoptotic body analogue (ABA) vesicles on a large scale for therapeutic drug delivery. After optimization, the ABAs have a desirable size, good biocompatibility, and long-term colloidal stability. Furthermore, ABAs present anti-phagocytosis ("don't eat me") and specific homologous targeting ("eat me") capacities because of their inheritance of membrane proteins such as CD47 and cellular adhesion molecules from parent cells. After loading with toxic protein saporin and anti-twist siRNA, ABAs can significantly inhibit the growth and lung metastasis of TNBC in an orthotopic metastasis model due to their reduced clearance of immune organs, long circulation time, and enhanced targeted accumulation at the tumor sites. These results suggest the great potential of ABAs for targeted drug delivery therapy, in particular efficient TNBC treatment.

5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 118: 313-320, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562580

RESUMO

Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSP), widely distributed in extracellular matrices, have several important functions in vertebrates. In certain viruses, CSP acts as a receptor to promote infection. However, chondroitin proteoglycans lack sulfate are poorly understood in invertebrates. In this study, chondroitin proteoglycan 2 of Litopenaeus vannamei (LvCPG2) was cloned. The open reading frame of LvCPG2 cDNA is 2133 bp, which encodes a protein of 710 amino acids. LvCPG2 contained eight Chitin-binding domain type 2 (ChtBD2). LvCPG2 had the highest expression in lymphoid and significantly increased after WSSV challenge. The relative expression of IE1 and VP28, as well as the viral copy numbers were decreased significantly in LvCPG2-silenced shrimp. The far-western blotting result showed that LvCPG2 interacted with VP26 and VP28. Molecular docking complexes showed that N-terminal of LvCPG2 interacted with C-terminal VP26, while C-terminal of LvCPG2 combined with N-terminal of VP28. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that LvCPG2 could facilitate WSSV adhesion and penetration of shrimp hemocytes. Collectively, these findings suggested that LvCPG2 was involved in WSSV infection by interaction with VP26 and VP28.

6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 108: 58-69, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465437

RESUMO

Under ultra-high cadmium (Cd) stress, large amounts of glutathione are produced in Auxenochlorella protothecoides UTEX 2341, and the lipid content increases significantly. Glutathione is the best reductant that can effectively remove Cd, but the relationship between lipid accumulation and the cellular response to Cd stress has not been ascertained. Integrating analyses of the transcriptomes and lipidomes, the mechanism of lipid accumulation to Cd tolerance were studied from the perspectives of metabolism, transcriptional regulation and protein glutathionylation. Under Cd stress, basic metabolic pathways, such as purine metabolism, translation and pre-mRNA splicing process, were inhibited, while the lipid accumulation pathway was significantly activated. Further analysis revealed that the transcription factors (TFs) and genes related to lipid accumulation were also activated. Analysis of the TF interaction sites showed that ABI5, MYB_rel and NF-YB could further regulate the expression of diacylglycerol acyltransferase through glutathionylation/deglutathionylation, which led to increase of the triacylglycerol (TAG) content. Lipidomes analysis showed that TAG could help maintain lipid homeostasis by adjusting its saturation/unsaturation levels. This study for the first time indicated that glutathione could activate TAG synthesis in microalga A. protothecoides, leading to TAG accumulation and glutathione accumulation under Cd stress. Therefore, the accumulation of TAG and glutathione can confer resistance to high Cd stress. This study provided insights into a new operation mode of TAG accumulation under heavy metal stress.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Clorófitas , Cádmio/toxicidade , Glutationa , Lipídeos , Triglicerídeos
7.
Chemistry ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347917

RESUMO

Fabricating structural complex assemblies from simple amino acid-based derivatives is attracting great research interests due to their easy accessibility and preparation. However, the morphological regulation of racemates (an equimolar mixture of enantiomers) were largely overlooked. In this work, through rational modulation of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters, we achieved multiple dimensional architectures employing tryptophan-based racemate (RPWM). Upon assembling, 1D bundled nanofibers, 2D lamellar nanostructure and 3D urchin-like microflowers could be obtained depending on the solvents used. The corresponding morphology evolutions were successfully illustrated by changing the enantiomeric excess (ee) value. Moreover, for RPWM, uniform 0D nanospheres were formed in H2 O under 4 °C, which could spontaneously convert into lamella under ambient temperature. Taking advantages of its temperature-responsive phase change behavior, RPWM assemblies exhibited excellent removal efficiency for organic dye RhB, and could be reused for several consecutive cycles without significant changes in its removal performance. Taken together, it's rational to envision that the engineering of racemates assembly pathways can greatly increase the robustness in a wide variety of supramolecular materials and further lead to their blooming versatile applications.

8.
J Clin Lipidol ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In clinical setting, current standard-of-care does not include genetic testing for patients with low (<50 mg/dL) and extremely low (<20 mg/dL) levels of serum low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C). OBJECTIVE: We aimed identify the underlying molecular cause - both monogenic and polygenic - of low and extremely low LDL-C levels in a cohort of patients presenting to specialty lipid clinics. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was done in patients with low or extremely low LDL-C not due to any secondary causes. RESULTS: Nine patients (4 women), ranging in age from 25 to 63 years old, with low or extremely low LDL-C levels were evaluated. Median LDL-C was 16 mg/dL (range undetectable - 43), total cholesterol 82 mg/dL (42 - 101), triglycerides 35 mg/dL (19-239), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol 45 mg/dL (24-81). Of nine patients, two carried known pathogenic variants in APOB (one stop-gain, one deletion; LDL-C range undetectable -10 mg/dL); three patients had novel APOB heterozygous mutations (two frameshift deletions and one splice site; LDL-C range undectable-13 mg/dL); two had heterozygous APOB frameshift deletions previously reported as variants of unknown significance (LDL-C 18 mg/dL in both patients); one (LDL-C 43 mg/dL) had two heterozygous mutations in PCSK9, both previously reported to be benign; and one patient (LDL-C 16 mg/dL) had the APO E2/E2 genotype along with several variants of unknown significance in genes associated with triglycerides. No patients had an LDL-C polygenic risk score below the 5th percentile (range 26th percentile to 93rd percentile). CONCLUSION: We found APOB mutations to be the most common molecular defect in patients presenting to lipid clinics with low or extremely low LDL-C . Whether clinical genetic testing and LDL-C polygenic risk scores have any utility - other than diagnostic purposes - for such patients remains unclear. In addition, further efforts may be needed to better reclassify pathogenicity of variants of unknown significance.

9.
Clin Lab ; 67(8)2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) remains the fourth-leading malignancy worldwide and has a high mortality rate. Accumulating evidence reveals that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis and can be used as potential biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: We downloaded gene expression profiles from the National Center of Biotechnology Information Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), screened lncRNAs differentially expressed in gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues, and then constructed a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. Seventy patients with gastric cancer were divided into two groups according to different clinical characteristics. The expression of lncRNA LUCAT1 in gastric cancer was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The AGS and SGC-7901 cell lines were used in CCK8 assay, apoptosis, cell cycle test, transwell assay, and wound healing assay. RESULTS: The expression level of LUCAT1 was associated with tumor diameter (p < 0.001), tissue differentiation grade (p = 0.026), and LNM status (p = 0.020) in GC. The results showed that the lncRNA LUCAT1 could promote the proliferation, invasion, and migration of GC cells, inhibit the apoptosis of GC cells, and affect the process of cell cycles. CONCLUSIONS: The lncRNA LUCAT1 may be used as a potential biomarker for early signs of LNM in GC and may play a crucial role in the development of GC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
10.
Mol Metab ; 53: 101299, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271222

RESUMO

A missense variant in the cytoplasmic domain of the insulin receptor (INSR) was identified by exome sequencing in affected members of a four-generation family with fatty liver disease (FLD). The variant (rs766457461, c.4063T>C, p.Y1355H) results in the substitution of histidine for a tyrosine that undergoes autophosphorylation in response to insulin stimulation in vitro. Because insulin promotes lipogenesis in hepatocytes, we hypothesized that the variant was causally linked to FLD in the family. To test this hypothesis, we used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to replace the corresponding tyrosine in mouse INSR with histidine (Y1345H). No significant differences were found in hepatic insulin signaling, as assessed by phosphorylation of INSR or AKT levels or in activation of the insulin-responsive transcription factor SREBP-1c. Glucose tolerance and hepatic triglyceride (TG) content in Insr1345H/H mice fed a chow diet or diets rich in fat, sucrose or fructose did not differ significantly from WT littermates. Thus, our studies in mice failed to support the notion that INSR (Y1355H) is causally related to FLD in the family or that phosphorylation of this residue alters hepatic TG metabolism.

11.
Talanta ; 233: 122600, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215088

RESUMO

Selective and sensitive detection of microRNA is crucial for early diagnosis and pathogenesis of disease. Here, we established a novel electrochemical biosensor for simple and accurate analysis of the tumor biomarker microRNA-141, which was based on in-situ catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) actuated DNA tetrahedral (DTN) interfacial probes. Two hairpin structures used for CHA reaction were placed on the DTN, in which the hairpin H1 on the one vertex of DTN and hairpin H2 embedded in adjacent edge, respective. The target microRNA-141 could open the hairpin H1 and activated the in-situ CHA reaction between H1 and H2 to alter the conformational of DTN, increasing the chances of the direct interaction between methylene blue (MB) and the electrode surface, leading to an increase in the electrochemical signal. Meanwhile, the released miRNA-141 could unfold another H1, enabling the enzyme-free recycling of the target to obtain amplified electrochemical signals. Moreover, the in-situ catalytic hairpin assembly reaction on DTN could shorten the reaction time and enhance the sensitivity. The established biosensor exhibited a wide linear dynamic range of miRNA-141 from 1 fM to 100 pM with a detection limit of 0.32 fM. Besides, the approach can discriminate the target miRNA from mismatched ones with excellent selectivity and can be successfully applied in diluted serum samples, holding great potential for sensitive detection of various biomarkers clinically.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , MicroRNAs , Sondas de DNA/genética , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/genética
12.
Hum Mutat ; 42(8): 1042-1052, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085356

RESUMO

CDAGS Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by Craniosynostosis, Delayed closure of the fontanelles, cranial defects, clavicular hypoplasia, Anal and Genitourinary malformations, and Skin manifestations. We performed whole exome and Sanger sequencing to identify the underlying molecular cause in five patients with CDAGS syndrome from four distinct families. Whole exome sequencing revealed biallelic rare variants that disrupt highly conserved nucleotides within the RNU12 gene. RNU12 encodes a small nuclear RNA that is a component of the minor spliceosome and is essential for minor intron splicing. Targeted sequencing confirmed allele segregation within the four families. All five patients shared the same rare mutation NC_000022.10:g.43011402C>T, which alters a highly conserved nucleotide within the precursor U12 snRNA 3' extension. Each of them also carried a rare variant on the other allele that either disrupts the secondary structure or the Sm binding site of the RNU12 snRNA. Whole transcriptome sequencing analysis of lymphoblastoid cells identified 120 differentially expressed genes, and differential alternative splicing analysis indicated there was an enrichment of alternative splicing events in the patient. These findings provide evidence of the involvement of RNU12 in craniosynostosis, anal and genitourinary patterning, and cutaneous disease.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166190

RESUMO

Ship detection is one of important applications for synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Speckle effects usually make SAR image understanding difficult and speckle reduction becomes a necessary pre-processing step for majority SAR applications. This work examines different speckle reduction methods on SAR ship detection performances. It is found out that the influences of different speckle filters are significant which can be positive or negative. However, how to select a suitable combination of speckle filters and ship detectors is lack of theoretical basis and is also data-orientated. To overcome this limitation, a speckle-free SAR ship detection approach is proposed. A similar pixel number (SPN) indicator which can effectively identify salient target is derived, during the similar pixel selection procedure with the context covariance matrix (CCM) similarity test. The underlying principle lies in that ship and sea clutter candidates show different properties of homogeneity within a moving window and the SPN indicator can clearly reflect their differences. The sensitivity and efficiency of the SPN indicator is examined and demonstrated. Then, a speckle-free SAR ship detection approach is established based on the SPN indicator. The detection flowchart is also given. Experimental and comparison studies are carried out with three kinds of spaceborne SAR datasets in terms of different polarizations. The proposed method achieves the best SAR ship detection performances with the highest figures of merits (FoM) of 97.14%, 90.32%and 93.75% for the used Radarsat-2, GaoFen-3 and Sentinel-1 datasets, accordingly.

14.
Brain Behav Immun ; 95: 502-513, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stroke is a debilitating disorder with significant annual mortality and morbidity rates worldwide. Immune cells are recruited to the injured brain within hours after stroke onset and can exhibit either protective or detrimental effects on recovery. However, immune cells, including CD8 T cells, persist in the injured brain for weeks, suggesting a longer-term role for the adaptive immune system during functional recovery. The aim of this study was to determine if the delayed secondary diapedesis of CD8 T cells into the ischemic brain negatively impacts functional recovery after transient ischemic stroke in male mice. RESULTS: Mice exhibited an increased number of leukocytes in the ipsilesional hemispheres at 14 days (3-fold; p < 0.001) and 30 days (2.2-fold; p = 0.02) after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAo) compared to 8 days post-tMCAo, at which time acute neuroinflammation predominantly resolves. Moreover, mice with higher ipsilesional CD8 T cells at 30 days (R2 = 0.52, p < 0.01) exhibited worse functional recovery. To confirm a detrimental role of chronic CD8 T cell diapedesis on recovery, peripheral CD8 T cells were depleted beginning 10 days post-tMCAo. Delayed CD8 T cell depletion improved motor recovery on the rotarod (F(1,28) = 4.264; p = 0.048) compared to isotype control-treated mice. CD8 T cell-depleted mice also exhibited 2-fold (p < 0.001) reduced leukocyte infiltration at 30 days post-tMCAo. Specifically, macrophage, neutrophil, and CD4 T cell numbers were reduced in the ipsilesional hemisphere of the CD8 T cell-depleted mice independent of inflammatory status of the post-stroke CNS (e.g. microglial phenotype and cytokine production). RNAseq identified a unique profile for brain infiltrating CD8 T cells at 30 days post-tMCAo, with 46 genes differentially expressed relative to CD8 T cells at 3 days post-tMCAo. CONCLUSION: Our data reveal a role for CD8 T cells in the chronic phase post-stroke that can be therapeutically targeted. We demonstrate long-term CD8 T cell recruitment into the ipsilesional hemisphere that affects both immune cell numbers present in the injured brain and functional recovery through one month after stroke onset.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Migração Transendotelial e Transepitelial
15.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 183: 107593, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961881

RESUMO

Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is an extracellular and non-structural glycoprotein. In shrimp, a significant function of SPARC in WSSV infection remains unclear. In this study, the full-length cDNA sequence of a secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine -like was cloned from shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (named as LvSPARC-L). LvSPARC-L contained an open reading frame of 1002 bp, encoding 333 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis showed that LvSPARC-L contained a SPARC Ca2+-binding region in the C-terminus, a Kazal-type serine protease inhibitor domain and a BUD22 domain. Tissue distribution assay indicated that LvSPARC-L generally expressed in all tissues selected with a higher expression in hemocyte, stomach and pleoplod. In hepatopancreas and intestine, the relative expression of LvSPARC-L was significantly up-regulated following the WSSV challenge. Besides, the relative expression of viral immediately early gene IE1 and a late gene VP28 was significantly increased in the LvSPARCL-silenced shrimp. Furthermore, the relative expression of LvP53 and LvCaspase3 was extremely decreased in the stomach of dsLvSPARC-L treated shrimp, while that of LvP38 was not affected significantly. All data together suggest that LvSPARC-L might play an antiviral role by regulating apoptosis.

16.
Elife ; 102021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949310

RESUMO

S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is the methyl donor for nearly all cellular methylation events. Cells regulate intracellular SAM levels through intron detention of MAT2A, the only SAM synthetase expressed in most cells. The N6-adenosine methyltransferase METTL16 promotes splicing of the MAT2A detained intron by an unknown mechanism. Using an unbiased CRISPR knock-out screen, we identified CFIm25 (NUDT21) as a regulator of MAT2A intron detention and intracellular SAM levels. CFIm25 is a component of the cleavage factor Im (CFIm) complex that regulates poly(A) site selection, but we show it promotes MAT2A splicing independent of poly(A) site selection. CFIm25-mediated MAT2A splicing induction requires the RS domains of its binding partners, CFIm68 and CFIm59 as well as binding sites in the detained intron and 3´ UTR. These studies uncover mechanisms that regulate MAT2A intron detention and reveal a previously undescribed role for CFIm in splicing and SAM metabolism.

17.
Clin Lab ; 67(5)2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is one of the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome, and cellular lipid accumulation in the kidney can accelerate kidney disease. ACAT1 plays important roles in cellular cholesterol homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ACAT1 on lipid metabolism in nephrotic syndrome, and its role in clinical diagnosis and efficacy evaluation. METHODS: In this case control study, 30 patients with nephrotic syndrome and 30 healthy controls were enrolled. ACAT1 mRNA was detected by qPCR, and methylation of ACAT1 promoter was assayed by sodium bisulfite sequencing. RESULTS: The expression of ACAT1 mRNA in NS group, remission group, and controls was 0.14 ± 0.06, 0.08 ± 0.03, and 0.08 ± 0.04, respectively. The methylation of ACAT1 promoter in NS group, remission group, and controls was 2.27 ± 2.71, 4.00 ± 3.15, and 4.93 ± 3.59, respectively. The AUC value of ACAT1 mRNA was 0.856 (95% CI: 0.760 - 0.951), while the AUC value of ACAT1 methylation was 0.653 (95% CI: 0.514 - 0.792). The results of Pearson's correlation suggested that the high expression of ACAT1 mRNA and the hypomethylation of ACAT1 were related to hyperlipidemia and hypoalbuminemia in nephrotic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that ACAT1 is related to hyperlipidemia and hypoproteinemia in nephrotic syndrome and can be a useful biomarker for the efficacy evaluation of nephrotic syndrome.


Assuntos
Acetil-CoA C-Acetiltransferase , Hiperlipidemias , Síndrome Nefrótica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Humanos
18.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 44(4): 949-960, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855712

RESUMO

Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase 2 (encoded by EARS2) is a mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase required to translate the 13 subunits of the electron transport chain encoded by the mitochondrial DNA. Pathogenic EARS2 variants cause combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency, subtype 12 (COXPD12), an autosomal recessive disorder involving lactic acidosis, intellectual disability, and other features of mitochondrial compromise. Patients with EARS2 deficiency present with variable phenotypes ranging from neonatal lethality to a mitigated disease with clinical improvement in early childhood. Here, we report a neonate homozygous for a rare pathogenic variant in EARS2 (c.949G>T; p.G317C). Metabolomics in primary fibroblasts from this patient revealed expected abnormalities in TCA cycle metabolites, as well as numerous changes in purine, pyrimidine, and fatty acid metabolism. To examine genotype-phenotype correlations in COXPD12, we compared the metabolic impact of reconstituting these fibroblasts with wild-type EARS2 versus four additional EARS2 variants from COXPD12 patients with varying clinical severity. Metabolomics identified a group of signature metabolites, mostly from the TCA cycle and amino acid metabolism, that discriminate between EARS2 variants causing relatively mild and severe COXPD12. Taken together, these findings indicate that metabolomics in patient-derived fibroblasts may help establish genotype-phenotype correlations in EARS2 deficiency and likely other mitochondrial disorders.

19.
Cell Metab ; 33(6): 1234-1247.e7, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852874

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common monogenic disorder marked by numerous progressively enlarging kidney cysts. Mettl3, a methyltransferase that catalyzes the abundant N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification, is implicated in development, but its role in most diseases is unknown. Here, we show that Mettl3 and m6A levels are increased in mouse and human ADPKD samples and that kidney-specific transgenic Mettl3 expression produces tubular cysts. Conversely, Mettl3 deletion in three orthologous ADPKD mouse models slows cyst growth. Interestingly, methionine and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) levels are also elevated in ADPKD models. Moreover, methionine and SAM induce Mettl3 expression and aggravate ex vivo cyst growth, whereas dietary methionine restriction attenuates mouse ADPKD. Finally, Mettl3 activates the cyst-promoting c-Myc and cAMP pathways through enhanced c-Myc and Avpr2 mRNA m6A modification and translation. Thus, Mettl3 promotes ADPKD and links methionine utilization to epitranscriptomic activation of proliferation and cyst growth.

20.
Mol Vis ; 27: 179-190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907372

RESUMO

Purpose: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited retinal disorder that results in the degeneration of photoreceptor cells, ultimately leading to severe visual impairment. We characterized a consanguineous family from Southern India wherein a 25 year old individual presented with night blindness since childhood. The purpose of this study was to identify the causative mutation for RP in this individual as well as characterize how the mutation may ultimately affect protein function. Methods: We performed a complete ophthalmologic examination of the proband followed by exome sequencing. The likely causative mutation was identified and modeled in cultured cells, evaluating its expression, solubility (both with western blotting), subcellular distribution, (confocal microscopy), and testing whether this variant induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (quantitative PCR [qPCR] and western blotting). Results: The proband presented with generalized and parafoveal retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) atrophy with bone spicule-like pigmentation in the midperiphery and arteriolar attenuation. Optical coherence tomography scans through the macula of both eyes showed atrophy of the outer retinal layers with loss of the ellipsoid zone, whereas the systemic examination of this individual was normal. The proband's parents and sibling were asymptomatic and had normal funduscopic examinations. We discovered a novel homozygous p.Pro388Ser mutation in the tubby-like protein 1 (TULP1) gene in the individual with RP. In cultured cells, the P388S mutation does not alter the subcellular distribution of TULP1 or induce ER stress when compared to wild-type TULP1, but instead significantly lowers protein stability as indicated with steady-state and cycloheximide-chase experiments. Conclusions: These results add to the list of known mutations in TULP1 identified in individuals with RP and suggest a possible unique pathogenic mechanism in TULP1-induced RP, which may be shared among select mutations in TULP1.

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