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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 161, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the peri-operative outcomes of females undergoing laparoscopic intracorporeal urinary diversions (ICUD) and extracorporeal urinary diversions (ECUD) after laparoscopic radical cystectomies (LRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight females who underwent LRCs and urinary diversions from February 2008 to October 2018 were divided into two groups: the ECUD group (19 patients) and the ICUD group (19 patients). We retrospectively analysed the patients in terms of patients' demographics, peri-operative outcomes, and oncological follow-ups. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the mean operative times between ECUDs and ICUDs (364.6 vs. 297.1 min, p = 0.007), transfusion rates (37% vs. 5%, p = 0.042), time to flatus (5 vs. 3 days, p = 0.020), time to ambulation (2 vs. 1 days, p = 0.022), and duration of postoperative hospital stays (22 vs. 13 days, p = 0.002). The mean lymph node yield was 12.9 in the ECUD group and 18.6 in the ICUD group (p = 0.140). Seven out of 19 patients (37%) in the ECUD group and 6 out of 19 patients (32%) in the ICUD group had positive lymph nodes (p > 0.9). Two out of 19 ECUD patients (11%) and 4 of 19 ICUD patients (21%) had positive surgical margins (p = 0.660). Although there were no differences in major complications at 30 days and in all complications at 90 days, the Clavien grade II complications were significantly different at 30 days (ECUD 8, ICUD 2; p = 0.026). The mean follow-up times were 48.7 months (ECUD group) and 26.4 months (ICUD group). There were no statistically significant differences in estimated glomerular filtration rates postoperatively (p = 0.516). Seven patients had disease metastases (ECUD 2 out of 19, ICUD 5 out of 19; p = 0.405) and 5 died (ECUD 3 out of 19, ICUD 2 out of 19; p > 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: ICUDs benefit females by having smaller incisions, faster recoveries, and decreased complication rates.

2.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452249

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the possibility and mechanism of microenergy acoustic pulses (MAP) for activating tissue resident stem/progenitor cells within pelvic and urethral muscle and possible mechanism. METHODS: The female Zucker Lean and Zucker Fatty rats were randomly divided into four groups: ZL control, ZLMAP, ZF control, and ZFMAP. MAP was applied at 0.033 mJ/mm2 , 3 Hz for 500 pulses, and the urethra and pelvic floor muscles of each rat was then harvested for cell isolation and flow cytometry assay. Freshly isolated cells were analyzed by flow cytometry for Pax-7, Int-7α, H3P, and EdU expression. Meanwhile, pelvic floor muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) were harvested through magnetic-activated cell sorting, MAP was then applied to MDSCs to assess the mechanism of stem cell activation. RESULTS: Obesity reduced EdU-label-retaining cells and satellite cells in both pelvic floor muscle and urethra, while MAP activated those cells and enhanced cell proliferation, which promoted regeneration of striated muscle cells of the pelvic floor and urethral sphincter. Activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) /Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways by MAP is the potential mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: MAP treatment activated tissue resident stem cells within pelvic floor and urethral muscle in situ via activating FAK-AMPK and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16009, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277094

RESUMO

Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignancies of urinary tract. The current study aimed to investigate the role of insulin-like growth factor II messenger RNA binding protein 3 (IMP3) expression in the prognostic evaluation of non-muscle- invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder.Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was carried out to examine IMP3 protein expression in specimens from 183 cases of non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma, 20 cases of muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma and 20 benign tissues adjacent to cancer tissue.The expression of IMP3 was not detected in the adjacent benign tissues. The expression intensity of IMP3 in muscle-invasive samples was significantly higher than that in non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma specimens (P = .008). IMP3 expression was significantly related with advanced tumor stage (P < .001), advanced tumor grade (P = .004), and tumor recurrence (P < .001) in non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinomas. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that IMP3-positive patients had much lower disease-free (P < .001), progression-free (P = .002) and metastasis-free (P = .019) survival rates compared with those with IMP3-negative tumors. By multivariable Cox analysis, we also found that IMP3 expression in non-muscle- invasive urothelial carcinomas proved to be an independent unfavorable prognostic factor of disease-free survival (HR: 2.52; 95% CI, 1.39-4.56; P = .002), progression- free survival (HR: 5.19; 95% CI, 1.54-17.46; P = .008) and metastasis-free survival (HR: 4.87; 95% CI, 1.08-22.02; P = .040).Our results demonstrate that the expression of IMP3 in non-muscle- invasive bladder cancer can serve as an independent predictor that will help recognize the subgroup of patients with a high ability to relapse, progress, and metastasize and who might get the maximum benefit from an early and more aggressive treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 560-571, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012321

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To introduce our experience with intracorporeal ileal conduit and evaluate the safety and feasibility of this endoscopic urinary diversion. Materials and Methods: Between March 2014 and July 2017, thirty-six consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit. Patients' demographic data, perioperative data, 90-days postoperative outcomes and complications were collected. This cohort were divided into two groups of 18 patients each by chronological order of the operations to facilitate comparison of clinical data. Data were evaluated using the students' T test, Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's Exact test. Results: All surgeries were completed successfully with no conversion. Median total operating time and median intracorporeal urinary diversion time were 304 and 105 minutes, respectively. Median estimated blood loss was 200 mL, and median lymph node yield was 21. Twenty-six Clavien grade < 3 complications occurred within 30-days and 9 occurred within 30-90 days. Five Clavien grade 3-5 complications occurred within 30 days. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups except for intracorporeal urinary diversion time. At median follow-up of 17.5 (range 3-42) months, 6 patients experienced tumor recurrence/metastasis and 4 of these patients died. Conclusions: Intracorporeal ileal conduit following laparoscopic radical cystectomy is safe, feasible and reproducible. With the accumulation of experience, the operation time can be controlled at a satisfactory level.

5.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 560-571, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To introduce our experience with intracorporeal ileal conduit and evaluate the safety and feasibility of this endoscopic urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2014 and July 2017, thirty-six consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit. Patients' demographic data, perioperative data, 90-days postoperative outcomes and complications were collected. This cohort were divided into two groups of 18 patients each by chronological order of the operations to facilitate comparison of clinical data. Data were evaluated using the students' T test, Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's Exact test. RESULTS: All surgeries were completed successfully with no conversion. Median total operating time and median intracorporeal urinary diversion time were 304 and 105 minutes, respectively. Median estimated blood loss was 200 mL, and median lymph node yield was 21. Twenty-six Clavien grade < 3 complications occurred within 30-days and 9 occurred within 30-90 days. Five Clavien grade 3-5 complications occurred within 30 days. No statistically signifi cant differences were found between the two groups except for intracorporeal urinary diversion time. At median follow-up of 17.5 (range 3-42) months, 6 patients experienced tumor recurrence/metastasis and 4 of these patients died. CONCLUSIONS: Intracorporeal ileal conduit following laparoscopic radical cystectomy is safe, feasible and reproducible. With the accumulation of experience, the operation time can be controlled at a satisfactory level.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Cistectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 38, 2019 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical and partial nephrectomy (RLRN and RLPN) have become the preferred modes of management for renal malignancy. One of the most critical steps in the RLRN and RLPN process is to seek and control the renal pedicle. The current study focuses on introducing methods and techniques that can help quickly and accurately identify the renal pedicle vessels during RLRN and RLPN. METHODS: RLRNs and RLPNs were performed for 292 cases in our hospital from November 2014 to January 2017. Different measures were adopted to seek and manage bilateral renal pedicle vessels. All operation procedures were performed by the following three steps: dissection, opening, and clamping. For the left lateral, after the perirenal fat in the dorsal and lateral side was fully dissected, the kidney was pushed toward the ventral side. The renal artery was visible when opening the dense bulging connective tissue, which was located in the middle of the dorsal interior of the kidney. Then, the renal artery was clamped with a Hem-o-lok or the Bulldog clamp. For the right kidney pedicles, the inferior vena cava was first identified and then dissipated upward. When the inferior vena cava was not visible, it was often the location of the right renal artery. The treatment for the artery was the same as for the left renal artery. Relevant clinical characteristics of patients, such as operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and duration of postoperative drainage, were analyzed retrospectively. The three-step method of identifying renal pedicle vessels during retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical and partial nephrectomy was evaluated. RESULTS: All operations were successfully accomplished with satisfying results, during which the artery could be controlled quickly, and no cases were converted to open surgery due to severe bleeding of renal pedicle vessels. There were no complications involving renal vessels during the entire study. The mean operative times were (81.9 ± 19.71) min and (88.2 ± 21.28) min for RLRN and RLPN, with an average intraoperative blood loss of (91.7 ± 47.10) ml and (62.4 ± 47.45) ml, respectively. The warm ischemia time for RLPN was (19.3 ± 5.6) min. The postoperative drainage-tube was removed within (4.5 ± 1.29) d (RLRN) and (4.6 ± 1.98) d (RLPN); the mean postoperative hospital stay times were (7.0 ± 2.4) d and (5.9 ± 1.98) d, respectively. CONCLUSION: The three-step method of identifying renal pedicle vessels during RLRN and RLPN is direct and feasible, and it may help simplify the operating procedure and improve the safety of the surgery. It may be of great practical application value in the clinical field.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia Quente/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(10): 17570-17577, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790289

RESUMO

Chronic prostatitis is a common urological disease. The etiology of this disease and effective therapy for its treatment are yet to be elucidated. We investigated the functions of XLQ® in chronic nonbacterial prostatitis using a complete Freund's adjuvant-induced rat model. Prostates and blood samples were collected for further evaluation after oral gavage with XLQ ® or a vehicle for 4 weeks. The results showed that XLQ ® significantly decreased the prostate index, ameliorated the histopathologic changes, and reduced CD3+ and CD45+ cell infiltration in the prostate stroma. Further study showed that XLQ ® suppressed the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-17A, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and tumor necrosis factor-α. XLQ ® showed a strong antioxidant capacity by enhancing the activities of antioxidative enzymes (e.g., total superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) and decreasing the level of lipid peroxidation products (malondialdehyde). Moreover, XLQ ® can suppress the activation of nuclear factor-κB and P38-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. In summary, XLQ ® has affirmative effects on chronic prostatitis, which could be attributed to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative capacities. On the basis of these results, XLQ ® can be developed as an effective and safe therapy for chronic prostatitis.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 720, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755618

RESUMO

Bladder cancer is one of the most common and highly vascularized cancers. To better understand its genomic structure and underlying etiology, we conduct whole-genome and targeted sequencing in urothelial bladder carcinomas (UBCs, the most common type of bladder cancer). Recurrent mutations in noncoding regions affecting gene regulatory elements and structural variations (SVs) leading to gene disruptions are prevalent. Notably, we find recurrent ADGRG6 enhancer mutations and FRS2 duplications which are associated with higher protein expression in the tumor and poor prognosis. Functional assays demonstrate that depletion of ADGRG6 or FRS2 expression in UBC cells compromise their abilities to recruit endothelial cells and induce tube formation. Moreover, pathway assessment reveals recurrent alterations in multiple angiogenesis-related genes. These results illustrate a multidimensional genomic landscape that highlights noncoding mutations and SVs in UBC tumorigenesis, and suggest ADGRG6 and FRS2 as novel pathological angiogenesis regulators that would facilitate vascular-targeted therapies for UBC.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Exoma , Dosagem de Genes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Neovascularização Patológica , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1156-1165, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975653

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe our technique and outcomes for laparoscopic intracorporeal ileal neobladder (ICNB) reconstruction. Materials and Methods: From April 2014 to November 2016, 21 patients underwent laparoscopic ICNB at our tertiary referral centre. ICNB with bilateral isoperistaltic afferent limbs and several technique improvements were introduced. Demographics, clinical, and pathological data were collected. Perioperative, 1-year oncologic, 1-year Quality of life and 1-year functional outcomes were reported. Results: ICNB was successfully performed in all 21 patients without open conversion and transfusion. Mean operative time was 345.6±66.9 min, including 106±22 min for LRC and PLND and 204±46.4 min for ICNB, respectively. Mean established blood loss was 192±146 mL. The overall incidence of 90-d complication was 33.3%, while major complication occurred in 4.8%. One-year daytime and night-time continence rates were 85.7% and 57.1%, respectively. One patient died from myocardial infarction six months postoperatively, and two patients had lung metastasis five months and six months respectively. Conclusions: We described our experience of 3D LRC with a novel intracorporeal orthotopic ileal neobladder, and the technique improvements facilitate the procedure. However, further studies are required to evaluate long-term outcomes of the intracorporeal neobladder with bilateral isoperistaltic afferent limbs.

10.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1156-1165, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe our technique and outcomes for laparoscopic intracorporeal ileal neobladder (ICNB) reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2014 to November 2016, 21 patients underwent laparoscopic ICNB at our tertiary referral centre. ICNB with bilateral isoperistaltic afferent limbs and several technique improvements were introduced. Demographics, clinical, and pathological data were collected. Perioperative, 1-year oncologic, 1-year Quality of life and 1-year functional outcomes were reported. RESULTS: ICNB was successfully performed in all 21 patients without open conversion and transfusion. Mean operative time was 345.6±66.9 min, including 106±22 min for LRC and PLND and 204±46.4 min for ICNB, respectively. Mean established blood loss was 192±146 mL. The overall incidence of 90-d complication was 33.3%, while major complication occurred in 4.8%. One-year daytime and night-time continence rates were 85.7% and 57.1%, respectively. One patient died from myocardial infarction six months postoperatively, and two patients had lung metastasis five months and six months respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We described our experience of 3D LRC with a novel intracorporeal orthotopic ileal neobladder, and the technique improvements facilitate the procedure. However, further studies are required to evaluate long-term outcomes of the intracorporeal neobladder with bilateral isoperistaltic afferent limbs.

11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2793172, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854736

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the oncological and renal outcomes of partial ureterectomy (PU) versus radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). UTUC patients' clinical information was reviewed, and progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and kidney function were collected. The mean follow-up period was 59 (6-135) months in the RNU group and 34.5 (5-135) months in the PU group. The mean operation time in the PU group was 141 (64-340) min, which is significantly shorter than the RNU group (P < 0.01). Regarding kidney function at one year or two years after operation, the PU group had significantly improved mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels and a remarkably decreased constitution of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) III or higher group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in PFS and OS between the RNU group and the PU group (P > 0.05). Multifactor Cox regression analysis indicated that age and the preoperative CKD stages were independent risk factors for poor kidney functions of UTUC patients. Compared to patients in RNU group, patients in PU have no significant difference in survival time but have shorter operation time, shorter hospital stay, and improved kidney functions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Nefroureterectomia , Urotélio/patologia , Urotélio/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Oncol Lett ; 15(6): 8484-8490, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29928321

RESUMO

H2S, synthesized by cystathionine ß-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST), functions as a signalling molecule in mammalian cells. H2S serves complex functions in physiological and pathological processes, including in bladder cancer. In the present study, H2S production, the expression of the associated enzymes and the effect of H2S on human urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) tissue and cell lines were evaluated, and whether decreasing H2S levels influenced cell viability and tumour growth following treatment with cisplatin (CDDP) was assessed in UCB cells in vitro and in vivo. H2S production and the expression of CBS, CSE and MPST in bladder tissue specimens and the UCB cell lines 5637, EJ and UM-UC-3 were analysed using a sulfur-sensitive electrode and western blotting. UCB cells were subjected to different treatments, and viability and protein expression were determined. H2S production was inhibited to examine its influence on EJ cell tumour growth following CDDP treatment in vivo. It was identified that CBS, CSE and MPST protein were up-regulated in UCB tissues and cells. The H2S production and enzyme expression levels were the highest in UCB tissue and EJ cells. The inhibition of endogenous H2S biosynthesis decreased EJ cell viability and tumour growth in response to CDDP treatment. H2S levels and the associated biosynthetic enzymes were increased in human UCB tissue and cells compared with adjacent tissue and normal cells, which may have increased the resistance to CDDP-induced apoptosis in UCB. Therefore, H2S and its production may be an alternative therapeutic target for UCB.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 15(5): 7631-7638, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731899

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression and potential roles of CD74 in human urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) in vitro and in vivo. CD74 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) were located and assayed in normal and UCB samples and cell lines using immunostaining. CD74 was knocked down using CD74 shRNA lentiviral particles in HT-1376 cells. The proliferative, invasive potential and microvessel density (MVD) of knockdown-CD74 HT-1376 cells were analyzed in vitro or in vivo. The expression of CD74 in an additional high grade UCB J82 cell line was also verified in vivo. All experiments were repeated at least 3 times. The majority of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) samples, and only one high grade UCB cell line, HT-1376, expressed CD74, compared with normal, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) samples and other cell lines. The levels of proliferation and invasion were decreased in the CD74 knockdown-HT-1376 cells, and western blotting assay indicated that the levels of proteins associated with proliferation, apoptosis and invasion in the cells were affected correspondingly by different treatments in vitro. The tumorigenesis and MVD assays indicated less proliferation and angiogenesis in the knockdown-HT-1376 cells compared with the scramble cells. Notably, J82 cells exhibiting no signal of CD74 in vitro presented the expression of CD74 in vivo. The present study revealed the potential roles of CD74 in the proliferation, invasion and angiogenesis of MIBC, and that it may serve as a potential therapeutic target for UCB, but additional studies are required.

14.
Prostate ; 78(11): 790-800, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disease of urology, of which the pathogenesis and therapy remain to be further elucidated. Quercetin has been reported to improve the symptoms of CP/CPPS patients. We aimed to verify the therapeutic effect of quercetin on CP/CPPS and identify the mechanism responsible for it. METHODS: A novel CP/CPPS model induced with Complete Freund Adjuvant in Sprague Dawley rats was established and the prostates and blood specimens were harvested for further measurement after oral administration of quercetin for 4 weeks. RESULTS: Increased prostate index and infiltration of lymphocytes, up-regulated expression of IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-17A, MCP1, and TNFα, decreased T-SOD, CAT, GSH-PX, and increased MDA, enhanced phosphorylation of NF-κB, P38, ERK1/2, and SAPK/JNK were detected in CP/CPPS rat model. Quercetin was identified to ameliorate the histo-pathologic changes, decrease the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-17A, MCP1, and TNFα, improve anti-oxidant capacity, and suppress the phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPKs. CONCLUSIONS: Quercetin has specific protective effect on CP/CPPS, which is mediated by anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, and at least partly through NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.

15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(7): 784-789, 2018 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29578121

RESUMO

Background: Robot-assisted/laparoscopic intracorporeal ileal conduit (ICIC) has been reported in many experienced centers. Whether laparoscopic ICIC is superior to extracorporeal ileal conduit (ECIC) and whether laparoscopic ICIC should be promoted is still controversial. The aim of the study was to compare surgical and early oncological outcomes between patients undergoing laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with ICIC and ECIC. Methods: From January 2011 to June 2016, a total of 45 patients with bladder cancer underwent LRC with ileal conduit at our department, of whom 20 patients underwent LRC with ECIC and 25 patients underwent LRC with ICIC. Data of each patient's characteristics, surgical outcomes, and short-term oncological outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results: LRC with ileal conduit was performed successfully on all 45 patients. There were no significant differences in patients' characteristics, mean total operative time, and mean estimated blood loss between the ICIC and ECIC groups. Median time of flatus and oral intake was shorter in the ICIC group compared with the ECIC group (3 vs. 5 days, P = 0.035; 4 vs. 5 days, P = 0.002). The complications rates did not show significant difference between the two groups within the first 90 days postoperatively (P = 0.538). Cancer staging showed 45% of patients in the ECIC group and 36% in the ICIC group had a pathologic stage of T3 or T4, and 50% of patients in the ECIC group and 44% in the ICIC group had a pathologic stage of N1 or N1+. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no significant difference in overall survival at 24 months (60% vs. 62%, P = 0.857) between the ECIC and ICIC groups. Conclusions: ICIC after LRC may be successful with the benefits of faster recovery time. No significant difference was found in complications and oncological outcomes between ICIC and ECIC. However, larger series with longer follow-up are needed to validate this procedure.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2925985, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29511675

RESUMO

Enhanced spontaneous contractions are associated with overactive bladder. Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species might contribute to enhanced spontaneous contractions. We investigated the regulation of spontaneous contractions and the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in intact rat bladder strips. The spontaneous contractions were measured using a tissue bath system. The vehicle or the specific activators/blockers were applied and followed by the application of 0.003 g% H2O2. The basal tension, amplitude, and frequency of spontaneous contractions were quantified. Nisoldipine and bisindolylmaleimide 1 had no effects on spontaneous contractions. SKF96365 and Y27632 decreased basal tension and amplitude. Ryanodine slightly increased frequency. Both iberiotoxin and NS-1619 increased amplitude. Apamin reduced frequency but increased amplitude. NS-309 inhibited both the amplitude and frequency. The basal tension and amplitude increased when H2O2 was applied. Pretreatment with NS-309 inhibited H2O2-elicited augmented amplitude and frequency, while pretreatment with Y-27632 inhibited the augmented basal tension. The combined application of NS-309 and Y27632 almost eliminated spontaneous contractions and its augmentation induced by H2O2. In conclusion, Ca2+ influx, Rho kinase activation, and SK channel inactivation play important roles in spontaneous contractions in intact bladder strips, whereas only latter two mechanisms may be involved in H2O2-elicited increased spontaneous contractions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/tratamento farmacológico , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos dos fármacos , Amidas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Indóis/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Maleimidas/administração & dosagem , Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Nisoldipino/administração & dosagem , Oximas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Rianodina/administração & dosagem , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Cálcio de Condutância Baixa/genética , Bexiga Urinária/fisiologia , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/fisiopatologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética
17.
Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol ; 27(5): 272-277, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29448861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of self-retaining barbed suture in renorrhaphy during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy by comparing surgical outcomes in a prospective randomized manner. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2014 to July 2015, a total of 60 patients with T1 renal tumor were randomized into two equal groups: self-retaining barbed suture (SRBS) and conventional absorbable polyglactin suture (non-SRBS group). All patients were treated by retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. One surgeon with high volume experience performed all procedures. The patient demographics and perioperative outcomes were compared. RESULTS: The patient demographics and tumor characteristics were comparable. The mean tumor size and R.E.N.A.L. scores were comparable between the two groups. LPN was successfully accomplished in all patients without open conversion. The warm ischemia and renorrhaphy times were significantly shorter in the SRBS group (18.8 ± 8.2 vs. 22.9 ± 7.3 min, P = .04; 10.4 ± 3.7 vs. 13.8 ± 5.6 min, P = .01). The minor complication rate was 13.3% vs. 10.0%, which was comparable. No major complication occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The randomized controlled trial demonstrates that SRBS for renorrhaphy during retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is safe and efficient. Application of barbed suture simplifies the parenchymal repair procedure and reduces warm ischemia time in comparison with conventional suture.

18.
Biol Chem ; 398(10): 1127-1139, 2017 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28525358

RESUMO

Galanin is a neuropeptide with a widespread distribution throughout the nervous and endocrine systems, and recent studies have shown an anti-proliferative effect of galanin on several types of tumors. However, whether and how galanin and its receptors are involved in the regulation of cell proliferation in glioma cells remains unclear. In this study, the roles of galanin and its subtype 1 receptor (GAL1) in the proliferation of human U251 and T98G glioma cells were investigated. We found that galanin significantly suppressed the proliferation of U251 and T98G cells as well as tumor growth in nude mice. However, galanin did not exert apoptotic or cytotoxic effects on these two cell lines. In addition, we showed that galanin decreased the proliferation of U251 and T98G cells via its GAL1 receptor. Finally, we found that the GAL1 receptor was involved in the suppressive effects of galanin by activating ERK1/2.


Assuntos
Galanina/farmacologia , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/patologia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Galanina/antagonistas & inibidores , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glioma/metabolismo , Humanos , Receptor Tipo 1 de Galanina/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
19.
Sex Med ; 5(2): e131-e133, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28372923

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Strangulation of the penis and scrotum by a constricting object has been rarely reported. AIM: To describe a man with penoscrotal strangulation caused by a steel ring and its successful removal. METHODS: A 28-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 7-hour history of a steel ring lodged at the base of his penis and scrotum. Removal was accomplished with the assistance of fire brigade personnel who used their hydraulic cable cutter to shear the ring. During the removal, there were no complications. RESULTS: The hydraulic cable cutter avoided thermal injury and shortened removal time compared with procedures described in the literature. The patient's recovery was uneventful, with erectile function restored after 1 week. CONCLUSION: Genital incarceration is an urgent clinical situation requiring prompt treatment. However, suitable tools for removing the foreign object are not readily available in emergency and urology departments. Cooperation with other disciplines, even non-medical disciplines, can result in creative and timely measures for removal of the object. Zhang J, Wang X, Zhang J, et al. Penoscrotal Strangulation Caused by a Steel Ring: A Case Report. Sex Med 2017;5:e131-e133.

20.
PLoS One ; 12(2): e0172233, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196103

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the role of mouse fibroblast-mediated c-Jun and IGF-1 signaling in the therapeutic effect of finasteride on benign prostatic epithelial cells. BPH-1 cells, alone or with fibroblasts (c-Jun+/+ or c-Jun-/-), were implanted subcutaneously in male nude mice who were then treated with finasteride. The degrees of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and sizes of the xenografts were determined. BPH-1 cells were grown alone or co-cultured with mouse fibroblasts in the presence of finasteride and the level of IGF-1 secreted into the medium by the fibroblasts was determined. The proliferation-associated signaling pathway in BPH-1 cells was also evaluated. Fibroblasts and c-Jun promoted xenograft growth, stimulated Ki-67 expression, and inhibited BPH-1 apoptosis. Finasteride did not induce the shrinkage of xenografts in the combined-grafted groups despite repressing Ki-67 expression and inducing cell apoptosis. The addition of c-Jun-/- fibroblasts did not promote xenograft growth. In the absence of c-Jun and fibroblasts, finasteride did not alter xenograft growth, Ki-67 expression, or cell apoptosis. The in vitro results demonstrated that when BPH-1 cells were grown in monoculture, treatment with finasteride did not induce cell death and stimulated the expression of pro-proliferative signaling molecules, while in the presence of fibroblasts containing c-Jun, finasteride treatment repressed epithelial cell proliferation, the level of IGF-1 in the medium, and the activation of downstream pro-proliferative signaling pathways. Taken together, our results suggest that fibroblasts, c-Jun, and IGF-1 play key roles in mediating stromal-epithelial interactions that are required for the therapeutic effects of finasteride in benign prostate epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais , Fibroblastos , Finasterida/farmacologia , Genes jun , Neoplasias Experimentais , Neoplasias da Próstata , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
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