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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 534-550, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004614

RESUMO

The present study evaluated the effects of (2-Carboxyethyl)dimethylsulfonium Bromide (Br-DMPT) supplementation on the intestinal immune function and potential mechanisms of on-growing grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) by feeding fish (initial weight 216.49 ± 0.29 g) five diets with gradational Br-DMPT (0-520 mg/kg diet) concentrations for 60 days and then infecting them with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. Our results firstly indicated that compared with the control group, appropriate Br-DMPT supplementation increased the number of beneficial bacteria Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and enteritis resistance, decreased the number of detrimental bacteria Aeromonas and E. coli, and relieved the intestinal histopathological symptoms of fish. In addition, compared with the control group, appropriate Br-DMPT supplementation (1) increased lysozyme (LZ) and acid phosphatase (ACP) activities, as well as complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) content; (2) upregulated the mRNA levels of anti-microbial substance: liver expressed anti-microbial peptide (LEAP) -2A, LEAP-2B, hepcidin, ß-defensin-1 and Mucin2; (3) partially downregulated the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines [interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p40, IL-15, IL-17D, tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interferon γ2 (IFN-γ2)] by inhibiting [IKKß/IκBα/(NF-κBp65 and c-Rel)] signalling; and (4) partially upregulated the mRNA levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines [IL-4/13A, IL-10, IL-11, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1] by activating [TOR/(S6K1 and 4E-BP)] signalling. The aforementioned results indicated that appropriate amount of Br-DMPT exerted a positive effect on the regulation of intestinal immune function in fish. Finally, based on enteritis morbidity, the IgM content and the lysozyme activity in the PI, the appropriate levels of Br-DMPT supplementation for on-growing grass carp were established as 295.43, 301.73 and 320.36 mg/kg diet, respectively.

2.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016770

RESUMO

A series of dearomatized isoprenylated acylphloroglucinols derivatives, hyperhenols A-E (1-5), as well as seven known analogues (6-12), were characterized from Hypericum henryi. Their structures were determined by combination of NMR, ECD spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 1 and 6-8 were tested to exhibit potential antitumor properties, of which 6 and 7 inhibited cell growth through inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In addition, these compounds could induce autophagy and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy in cancer cell lines, as well as suppress lung cancer A549 cells metastasis in vitro.

3.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033861

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether transcatheter intraarterial perfusion (TRIP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can differentiate reversible electroporation (RE) zones from irreversible electroporation (IRE) zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All studies were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee and performed in accordance with institutional guidelines. A total of 13 healthy New Zealand White rabbits were used. After selective catheterization of the hepatic artery under X-ray fluoroscopy, we acquired TRIP-MRI at 20 minutes post-IRE using 3 mL of 5% intraarterial gadopentetate dimeglumine. Semi-quantitative (peak enhancement, PE; time to peak, TTP; wash-in slope, WIS; areas under the time-intensity curve, AUT, over 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 seconds after the initiation of enhancement) and quantitative (Ktrans, ve, and vp) TRIP-MRI parameters were calculated. The relationships between TRIP-MRI parameters and histological measurements and the differential ability of TRIP-MRI parameters was assessed. RESULTS: PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and ve were significantly higher in RE zones than in IRE zones (all P < 0.05), and AUC for these parameters ranged from 0.91(95% CI, 0.80, 1.00) to 0.99 (95% CI, 0.98, 1.00). There was no significant difference in AUC between any two parameters (Z, 0-1.47; P, 0.14-1.00). Hepatocyte apoptosis strongly correlated with PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and vp (the absolute value r, 0.6-0.7, all P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: AUT150 or AUT180 could be a potential imaging biomarker to differentiate RE from IRE zones, and TRIP-MRI permits to differentiate RE from IRE zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver.

4.
J Vet Sci ; 21(1): e13, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940692

RESUMO

Currently, the systems for culturing buffalo spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in vitro are varied, and their effects are still inconclusive. In this study, we compared the effects of culture systems with undefined (foetal bovine serum) and defined (KnockOut Serum Replacement) materials on the in vitro culture of buffalo SSC-like cells. Significantly more DDX4- and UCHL1-positive cells (cultured for 2 days at passage 2) were observed in the defined materials culture system than in the undefined materials system (p < 0.01), and these cells were maintained for a longer period than those in the culture system with undefined materials (10 days vs. 6 days). Furthermore, NANOS2 (p < 0.05), DDX4 (p < 0.01) and UCHL1 (p < 0.05) were expressed at significantly higher levels in the culture system with defined materials than in that with undefined materials. Induction with retinoic acid was used to verify that the cultured cells maintained SSC characteristics, revealing an SCP3⁺ subset in the cells cultured in the defined materials system. The expression levels of Stra8 (p < 0.05) and Rec8 (p < 0.01) were significantly increased, and the expression levels of ZBTB16 (p < 0.01) and DDX4 (p < 0.05) were significantly decreased. These findings provided a clearer research platform for exploring the mechanism of buffalo SSCs in vitro.

5.
Org Lett ; 22(2): 760-763, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908165

RESUMO

Recently, a paper in this journal reported the isolation and structure determination of hypatulone A. Several features of the proposed structure and biosynthesis induced us to reexamine the compound's NMR spectra. Now we propose a revised structure, confirm it with quantum computations, and suggest a reasonable radical-mediated biosynthetic pathway to the revised structure. Our work illustrates how both biosynthetic considerations and quantum computations can complement spectroscopic structure determination.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(10): 1593-1596, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934689

RESUMO

Here, we prepared small graphite nanoflakes (SGN) by a new strategy of pulverization as the cathode of aluminum ion batteries (AIBs). Electrochemical measurements show that SGN has a very high discharge capacity, excellent rate performance and good cycling stability mainly due to its enlarged edge plane, reduced thickness and high crystallinity. This work provides a new route for preparing high performance graphite-based materials for AIBs.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 388: 122080, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954299

RESUMO

Due to the long growth period of plants, phytoremediation is time costly. Improving the accumulation of cadmium (Cd) in shoots of plants will promote the efficiency of phytoremediation. In this study, two senescence-relative phytohormones, abscisic acid (ABA) and salicylic acid (SA), were applied to strengthening phytoremediation of Cd by tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea S.). Under hydroponic culture, phytohormones treatment increased the Cd content of shoots 11.4-fold over the control, reaching 316.3 mg/kg (dry weight). Phytohormones-induced senescence contributes to the transport of heavy metals, and HMA3 was found to play a key role in this process. Additionally, this strategy could strengthen the accumulation of Cu and Zn in tall fescue shoots. Moreover, in soil pot culture, the strategy increased shoot Cd contents 2.56-fold over the control in tall fescue, and 2.55-fold over the control in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.), indicating its comprehensive adaptability and potential use in the field. In summary, senescence-induced heavy metal transport is developed as a novel strategy to strengthen phytoremediation. The strategy could be applied at the end of phytoremediation with an additional short duration (7 days) with comprehensive adaptability, and markedly strengthen the phytoremediation in the field.

8.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 49-60, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892845

RESUMO

PM2.5 exposure exacerbates cardiovascular diseases via oxidative stress and inflammation, the detailed mechanism of which is unclear. In this study, the effects of oxidative stress and inflammation, as well as vascular structure and function were studied by multiple PM2.5 exposure model of ApoE-/- mice. The results indicated that NO produced by iNOS not cNOS might play important roles in inducing vascular dysfunction after PM2.5 exposure. The occurrence order and causality among NO, other oxidative stress indicators and inflammation is explored by single PM2.5 exposure. The results showed that NO generated by iNOS occurred earlier than that of other oxidative stress indicators, which was followed by the increased inflammation. Inhibition of NOS could effectively block the raise of NO, oxidative stress and inflammation after PM2.5 exposure. All in all, we firstly confirmed that NO was the initiation factor of PM2.5 exposure-induced oxidative stress, which led to inflammation and the following vascular dysfunction.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of both-column acetabular fractures is challenging because of the complex acetabular fracture patterns and the curved surface of the acetabulum. Seldom study has compared the application of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology and traditional methods of contouring plates intra-operatively for the surgical treatment of both-column acetabular fractures. We presented the use of both 3D printing technology and a virtual simulation in pre-operative planning for both-column acetabular fractures. We hypothesized that 3D printing technology will assist orthopedic surgeons in shortening the surgical time and improving the clinical outcomes. METHODS: Forty patients with both-column acetabular fractures were recruited in the randomized prospective case-control study from September 2013 to September 2017 for this prospective study (No. ChiCTR1900028230). We allocated the patients to two groups using block randomization (3D printing group, n = 20; conventional method group, n = 20). For the 3D printing group, 1:1 scaled pelvic models were created using 3D printing, and the plates were pre-contoured according to the pelvic models. The plates for the conventional method group were contoured during the operation without 3D printed pelvic models. The operation time, instrumentation time, time of intra-operative fluoroscopy, blood loss, number of times the approach was performed, blood transfusion, post-operative fracture reduction quality, hip joint function, and complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The operation and instrumentation times in the 3D printing group were significantly shorter (130.8 ±â€Š29.2 minutes, t = -7.5, P < 0.001 and 32.1 ±â€Š9.5 minutes, t = -6.5, P < 0.001, respectively) than those in the conventional method group. The amount of blood loss and blood transfusion in the 3D printing group were significantly lower (500 [400, 800] mL, Mann-Whitney U = 74.5, P < 0.001 and 0 [0,400] mL, Mann-Whitney U = 59.5, P < 0.001, respectively) than those in the conventional method group. The number of the approach performed in the 3D printing group was significantly smaller than that in the conventional method group (pararectus + Kocher-Langenbeck [K-L] approach rate: 35% vs. 85%; χ = 10.4, P < 0.05). The time of intra-operative fluoroscopy in the 3D printing group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional method group (4.2 ±â€Š1.8 vs. 7.7 ±â€Š2.6 s; t = -5.0, P < 0.001). The post-operative fracture reduction quality in the 3D printing group was significantly better than that in the conventional method group (good reduction rate: 80% vs. 30%; χ = 10.1, P < 0.05). The hip joint function (based on the Harris score 1 year after the operation) in the 3D printing group was significantly better than that in the conventional method group (excellent/good rate: 75% vs. 30%; χ = 8.1, P < 0.05). The complication was similar in both groups (5.0% vs. 25%; χ = 3.1, P = 0.182). CONCLUSIONS: The use of a pre-operative virtual simulation and 3D printing technology is a more effective method for treating both-column acetabular fractures. This method can shorten the operation and instrumentation times, reduce blood loss, blood transfusion and the time of intra-operative fluoroscopy, and improve the post-operative fracture reduction quality. CLINICAL TRAIL REGISTRATION: No.ChiCTR1900028230; http://www.chictr.org.cn.

10.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(1): 1024-1034, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820250

RESUMO

Ecological stoichiometry represents the balance of nutrient elements under ecological interactions, which are crucial for biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems. Little is known about carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) ecological stoichiometry in aboveground biomass, roots, and soil, especially in the subtropical riparian wetlands. Here, eight dominate plant communities in riparian wetlands were chosen, and C, N, and P contents, and C:N:P ratios of aboveground biomass, roots, and soil were investigated. The results demonstrated that plant community had remarkable effects on the C:N:P stoichiometry in aboveground biomass, roots, and soil, which varied widely. C, N, and P concentrations in aboveground biomass were mostly higher than that in roots, while no significant difference was detected in C:N:P ratios. Moreover, there were higher soil C, N, and P contents in Cannabis indica plant communities; while lower soil N:P ratios suggested that riparian wetlands were more susceptible to N limitation, rather than P. Pearson correlation analysis and redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that there were strong associations among C, N, and P contents, and C:N:P ratios in aboveground biomass, roots, and soil, indicating that C, N, and P ecological stoichiometry of aboveground biomass were regulated by soil C, N, and P contents through the roots. In addition, the contents of C and N, and N and P exhibited a strong relationship according to linear regression. These findings suggested that the interactions among the C, N, and P stoichiometry were existed in the plant-soil system.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(2): 790-797, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829499

RESUMO

A novel and unusual palladium-catalyzed [4+2] annulation of cyclopropenes with benzosilacyclobutanes is reported. This reaction occurred through chemoselective Si-C(sp2 ) bond activation in synergy with ring expansion/insertion of cyclopropenes to form new C(sp2 )-C(sp3 ) and Si-C(sp3 ) bonds. An array of previously elusive bicyclic skeleton with high strain, silabicyclo[4.1.0]heptanes, were formed in good yields with excellent diastereoselectivity under mild conditions. An asymmetric version of the reaction with a chiral phosphoramidite ligand furnished a variety of chiral bicyclic silaheterocycle derivatives with good enantioselectivity (up to 95.5:4.5 er). Owing to the mild reaction conditions, the good stereoselectivity profile, and the ready availability of the functionalized precursors, this process constitutes a useful and straightforward strategy for the synthesis of densely functionalized silacycles.

12.
Water Res ; 168: 115200, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655440

RESUMO

H2-based autotrophic denitrification is promising to remove nitrate from water or wastewater lacking organic carbon sources, and pH is one of its most important process parameters. HCl and CO2 addition are known as adequate pH control methods for practical purposes. However, because of H2, added CO2 may participate in microbial metabolisms and affect denitrification mechanisms. Here, a combined micro-electrolysis and autotrophic denitrification (CEAD) reactor, in which H2 is generated based on galvanic-cell reactions between zero-valent iron and carbon, was optimized and continuously operated for 233 days by adding HCl or CO2 to control pH in the range of 7.2-8.2. Microbial communities were compared between the two pH-control methods through high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA, nirS, and nirK genes. Under a low COD/N ratio of 0.5 in the influent (with ∼36 mgNO3--N/L), when adding HCl, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency reached 91.4% ±â€¯0.9% with a 28-h hydraulic retention time (HRT). When adding CO2, the TN removal efficiency was improved to 96.5% ±â€¯1.7% with 24-h HRT. Significant differences of 16S rRNA and nirS genes between the two pH-control stages indicated the variation of microbial communities and nirS-type denitrifiers. With HCl addition, Thiobacillus, unclassified Comamonadaceae, Arenimonas, Limnobacter, and Thermomonas, which were reported previously as likely autotrophic or heterotrophic denitrifiers, were most dominant in the biofilms. With CO2 addition, the biofilms became dominated by Anaerolineaceae and Methylocystaceae (related to organic carbon metabolism), Denitratisoma (likely heterotrophic denitrifier), and uncultured bacteria TK10 and AKYG587. The results suggest that the added CO2 not only contributed to pH control but also participated in microbial metabolisms. This study provides useful insights into microbial mechanisms and further optimization of H2-based autotrophic denitrification in water and wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Microbiota , Processos Autotróficos , Reatores Biológicos , Dióxido de Carbono , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitratos , Nitrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Águas Residuárias
13.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 297, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt) and Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) are two important commercial fish in China, and the feeding habits of them are very different. Diets and feeding habits are two significant factors to affect the gastrointestinal microbiota in fish. The intestinal microbiota has been reported to play a key role in nutrition and immunity. However, it is rarely reported about the relationship between the intestinal microbiota and feeding habits/diets on different Acipenseridae fish. This study is to comparative analysis of gut microbial community in Siberian sturgeon and Beluga sturgeon fed with the same diet/Beluga sturgeon fed with different diets in order to determine the effects of different feeding habits/diets on the fish intestinal microbiota. RESULTS: According to the experimental objectives, BL and BH groups were Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) fed with low fishmeal diet and high fishmeal diet, respectively. SH group represented Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt) fed with the same diet as BH group. After 16 weeks feeding trial, the intestinal microbiota was examined by 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing technology. On the phylum level, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were significantly higher in BL group than BH group, and Cyanobacteria showed the opposite trend. Compared with BH group, Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were significantly increased in SH group, whereas Cyanobacteria were clearly decreased. At the genus level, Pseudomonas and Citrobacter in BL group were significantly higher comparing with BH group, while Bacillus, Luteibacter, Staphylococcus and Oceanobacillus was lower in BH group than SH group. CONCLUSIONS: Alpha and beta diversities indicated that the intestinal microflora were significant difference between Siberian sturgeon and Beluga sturgeon when they fed with the same diet. Meanwhile, Beluga sturgeon fed with low fishmeal diet can increase the species diversity of intestinal microbiota than it fed high fishmeal diet. Therefore, feeding habits clearly affected the gastrointestinal microbiota of sturgeons. Moreover, the impact of changes in food on the gut microbiota of sturgeons should be taken into consideration during the process of sturgeon aquaculture.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(50): 19800-19806, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763837

RESUMO

Emerging as a new frontier in heterogeneous catalysis, single-atom site catalysts (SSCs) have sparked enormous attention and bring about new opportunities to oxygen reduction electrocatalysis. Despite considerable progress achieved recently, most of the reported SSCs suffer from either insufficient activity or unsatisfactory stability, which severely retards their practical application. Here, we demonstrate a novel Ru-SSC with appropriate adsorption free energy of OH* (ΔGOH*) to confer excellent activity and low Fenton reactivity to maintain long-term stability. The as-developed Ru-SSC exhibits encouraging oxygen reduction reaction turnover frequency of 4.99 e- s-1 sites-1, far exceeding the state-of-the-art Fe-SSC counterpart (0.816 e- s-1 sites-1), as a result of Ru energy level regulation via spontaneous OH binding. Furthermore, Ru-SSC exhibits greatly suppressed Fenton reactivity, with restrained generation of reactive oxygen species directly observed, thus endowing the Ru-SSC with much more superior stability (only 17 mV negative shift after 20 000 cycles) than the Fe-SSC counterpart (31 mV). The practical application of Ru-SSC is further validated by its excellent activity and stability in a real fuel cell device.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712138

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the antioxidant effect of seleno-amino-oligosaccharide (Se-AOS) on intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1). MTT assay showed that Se-AOS had no effect on the viability of IPEC-1 cells up to a concentration of 9200 µg/L and Se-AOS significantly increased the viability of IPEC-1 cells compared to cells exposed to H2O2 alone. Se-AOS significantly increased the level of superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and decreased the levels of malonic dialdehyde (MDA) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in IPEC-1 cells. The gene expression levels of different antioxidant enzymes dramatically increased by the pretreatment of Se-AOS compared to H2O2 treatment. In addition, the results indicated that Se-AOS up-regulated the intracellular Nrf2 and down-regulated the level of Keap1 by western blot. Taken together, these findings suggested that Se-AOS can protect IPEC-1 cells from oxidative damage through activating the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(95): 14291-14294, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712800

RESUMO

A palladium catalyst under visible light irradiation activates cyclobutanone oxime ester through single electron transfer to induce radical ring opening to generate hybrid cyanoalkyl Pd(i) radical species. Hybrid cyanoalkyl Pd(i) radical species can undergo either ß-H elimination to deliver (E)-4-arylbut-3-enenitrile or undergo radical addition with silyl enol ether and enamide to generate δ-cyano ketones. A dual ligand system composed of two phosphine ligands is essential for the high reactivity.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731602

RESUMO

Low molecular seleno-aminopolysaccharide (LSA) was synthesized with sodium selenite and low molecular aminopolysaccharide (LA), which is an organic selenium compound. This study is aimed to investigate the protective effect of LSA on the intestinal mucosal barrier in weaning stress rats by detecting the intestinal tissue morphology and function, mucosal thickness and permeability, the structure of MUC2, antioxidant index, the expression level of intracellular transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and its related factors. The results showed that LSA significantly increased the height of intestinal villi (p < 0.05) and increased the thickness of intestinal mucosa and the number of goblet cells, which indicated that LSA has a protective effect on the intestinal mucosal barrier that is damaged by weaning. Moreover, LSA significantly reduced the level of DAO, D-LA, and LPS compared with the weaning group (p < 0.05), which indicated that LSA reduced the intestinal damage and permeability of weaning rats. In addition, LSA could increase the number and length of glycans chains and the abundance of acid glycans structures in the MUC2 structure, which indicated that LSA alleviated the changes of intestinal mucus protein structure. LSA significantly increased the levels of GSH-Px, SOD, LDH, and CAT, while it decreased the level of MDA in serum and intestinal tissue, which suggested that LSA significantly enhanced the antioxidant capacity and reduced oxidative stress of weaning rats. RT-PCR results showed that LSA significantly increased the expression level of antioxidant genes (GSH-Px, SOD, Nrf2, HO-1), glycosyltransferase genes (GalNT1, GalNT3, GalNT7) and mucin gene (MUC2) in intestinal mucosa (p < 0.05). The results of western blot showed that the LSA activated the Nrf2 signaling pathway by down-regulating the expression of Keap1and up-regulating the expression of Nrf2, and protected the intestinal mucosa from oxidative stress. Overall, LSA could play a protective role in intestinal mucosal barrier of weaning rats by activating the Nrf2 pathway and alleviating the alnormal change of mucin MUC2.

18.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CEMRI) in diagnosing residual or recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is currently not completely clear. PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of CEMRI in detecting residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE by meta-analysis. STUDY TYPE: Systematic review and meta-analysis. POPULATION: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library database up to June 2019 to find original studies on diagnosing patients suspected of residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE with CEMRI. Thirteen studies comprising 721 nodules were finally included. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T or 3.0T, CEMRI. ASSESSMENT: Quality assessment of the included studies was performed by applying the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool. STATISTICAL TESTS: Sensitivity and specificity were pooled with a bivariate random-effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed by the chi-square test. The potential sources of heterogeneity were explored by subgroup and publication bias analyses. RESULTS: The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio, and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of CEMRI in diagnosing residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE were 91% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 87%-96%), 93% (95% CI: 85%-97%), 12.22 (95% CI: 5.62-26.57), 0.09 (95% CI: 0.05-0.18), 126.99 (95% CI: 34.76-436.99) and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.95-0.98), respectively. Subgroup analysis revealed that CEMRI performed significantly better in prospective studies than in retrospective studies: 0.99 (95% CI: 0.96-1.00) vs. 0.95 (95% CI: 0.92-0.96) with P < 0.05. DATA CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggested that CEMRI had high diagnostic efficacy in detecting residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE and may serve as an alternative method for further evaluation after TACE. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 5 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14478-14489, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618013

RESUMO

A new sublimable dicopper(I) complex bearing 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane and 5-trifluoromethyl-3-(2'-pyridyl)pyrazolate ligands has been designed and synthesized, and its crystalline solvated and nonsolvated compounds have also been obtained and investigated. It is shown that only the crystalline solvated compound exhibits reversible and selective luminescence vapochromism, arising from its unique "pyridyl/CH2Cl2/pyridyl" organic sandwich-like stacking arrangement revealed by X-ray crystallography, as supported by time-dependent density functional theory calculations. Additionally, the neutral Cu(I) complex has excellent thermal stability and sublimability, good solid-state luminescence properties, and TADF character, and it is suggested to be a good emitter for vapor-deposited organic light-emitting diodes.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(45): 42744-42750, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638769

RESUMO

The rapid development of both wearable and implantable biofuel cells has triggered more and more attention on the lactate biofuel cell. The novel lactate/oxygen biofuel cell (L/O-BFC) with the direct electron transfer (DET)-type lactate oxidase (LOx) anode and the platinum group metal (PGM)-free Fe-N-C cathode is designed and constructed in this paper. In such a reasonable design, the surface-controlled direct two-electron electrochemical reaction of the lactate oxidase was determined by cyclic voltammetry (CV) on the carbon nanotube (CNT) modified electrode with favorable high electrochemical active surface area and electronic conductivity. Additionally, the biosensor based on DET-type LOx modified electrode impressively presented linear response to lactate with different concentrations from 0.000 mM to 12.300 mM. In particular, the apparent Michealis-constant (KMapp) calculated as 0.140 mM clearly indicates that LOx on CNT has strong affinity to the substrate lactate. Meanwhile, 4e- transfer oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was proven to take place on the Fe-N-C catalysts inthe 0.1 M PBS system, indicating the advantage by using the Fe-N-C catalysts at the cathode of L/O-BFC. Last but not least, the L/O-BFC with the direct electron transfer (DET)-type lactate oxidase(LOx) anode and the Fe-N-C cathode produced an superior open circuit potential (OCP) of 0.264 V and a maximum output power density (OPD) of 24.430 µW cm-2 in O2 saturated 95.020 mM lactate solution. The above results will not only bring about significant interest in developing a DET-type biofuel cell, but also offer guiding direction to explore novel catalyst materials for the biofuel cell. This work enriches the research content and may push developments of the implantable and wearable biofuel cell forward.

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