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2.
Cell ; 184(7): 1895-1913.e19, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657410

RESUMO

A dysfunctional immune response in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is a recurrent theme impacting symptoms and mortality, yet a detailed understanding of pertinent immune cells is not complete. We applied single-cell RNA sequencing to 284 samples from 196 COVID-19 patients and controls and created a comprehensive immune landscape with 1.46 million cells. The large dataset enabled us to identify that different peripheral immune subtype changes are associated with distinct clinical features, including age, sex, severity, and disease stages of COVID-19. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA was found in diverse epithelial and immune cell types, accompanied by dramatic transcriptomic changes within virus-positive cells. Systemic upregulation of S100A8/A9, mainly by megakaryocytes and monocytes in the peripheral blood, may contribute to the cytokine storms frequently observed in severe patients. Our data provide a rich resource for understanding the pathogenesis of and developing effective therapeutic strategies for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , Megacariócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China , Estudos de Coortes , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Sci Adv ; 7(5)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571124

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD) that radiologically display as subsolid nodules (SSNs) exhibit more indolent biological behavior than solid LUAD. The transcriptomic features and tumor microenvironment (TME) of SSN remain poorly understood. Here, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing analyses of 16 SSN samples, 6 adjacent normal lung tissues (nLung), and 9 primary LUAD with lymph node metastasis (mLUAD). Approximately 0.6 billion unique transcripts were obtained from 118,293 cells. We found that cytotoxic natural killer/T cells were dominant in the TME of SSN, and malignant cells in SSN undergo a strong metabolic reprogram and immune stress. In SSN, the subtype composition of endothelial cells was similar to that in mLUAD, while the subtype distribution of fibroblasts was more like that in nLung. Our study provides single-cell transcriptomic profiling of SSN and their TME. This resource provides deeper insight into the indolent nature of SSN and will be helpful in advancing lung cancer immunotherapy.

4.
Cell Res ; 31(2): 141-156, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989223

RESUMO

Cells mitigate ER stress through the unfolded protein response (UPR). Here, we report formation of ER whorls as an effector mechanism of the ER stress response. We found that strong ER stress induces formation of ER whorls, which contain ER-resident proteins such as the Sec61 complex and PKR-like ER kinase (PERK). ER whorl formation is dependent on PERK kinase activity and is mediated by COPII machinery, which facilitates ER membrane budding to form tubular-vesicular ER whorl precursors. ER whorl precursors then go through Sec22b-mediated fusion to form ER whorls. We further show that ER whorls contribute to ER stress-induced translational inhibition by possibly modulating PERK activity and by sequestering translocons in a ribosome-free environment. We propose that formation of ER whorls reflects a new type of ER stress response that controls inhibition of protein translation.

6.
Phytomedicine ; 96: 153911, 2021 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsule (YDXNT) is a clinically effective herbal prescription used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Since Chinese medicines (CMs) exert their effects via a "multiple-components and multiple-targets" mode, discovery of the active compounds with interactive effects may contribute to reveal their mechanisms of action. PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish an image-based fingerprint-efficacy screening strategy to identify active compounds with interaction effects from CM prescription, using YDXNT to inhibit microglia-mediated neuroinflammation as an instance. METHODS: A multi-component random content-oriented chemical library of YDXNT was constructed by uniform design, and their chemical fingerprint was profiled by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) methods. Then the neuroinflammation activities of chemical library members of YDXNT were determined by image-based dual phenotypic quantification. Subsequently, fingerprint-efficacy correlation and random forest analysis were applied to predict the potentially active compounds with interactive effects. Finally, the interactive effects among the active compounds were confirmed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and apoptosis analysis, and network pharmacology was applied to explore the possible mechanisms. RESULTS: Image-based fingerprint-efficacy correlation analysis revealed that six tanshinones (TNs) and four flavonoids (FAs) were potential anti-neuroinflammatory compounds. The inter-family of TNs and FAs possessed obvious interactive effects (combination index ≤ 0.825). Moreover, the combination of scutellarein and tanshinone I (2:1, w/w) was discovered as the possible interactive combinatorial components, which, comparing with individual scutellarein or tanshinone I, shown more powerful effects on anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV2 cells. Network pharmacology showed that the active compounds might suppress microglia-mediated neuroinflammation via multiple targets in the T cell receptor, Jak-STAT, and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: The image-based fingerprint-efficacy strategy simplifies the screening process of efficacious component combinations in CMs for complex diseases, which also offers a promising approach to explore the integrative therapeutic mechanisms of CMs.

7.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 340, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ribosome profiling has been widely used for studies of translation under a large variety of cellular and physiological contexts. Many of these studies have greatly benefitted from a series of data-mining tools designed for dissection of the translatome from different aspects. However, as the studies of translation advance quickly, the current toolbox still falls in short, and more specialized tools are in urgent need for deeper and more efficient mining of the important and new features of the translation landscapes. RESULTS: Here, we present RiboMiner, a bioinformatics toolset for mining of multi-dimensional features of the translatome with ribosome profiling data. RiboMiner performs extensive quality assessment of the data and integrates a spectrum of tools for various metagene analyses of the ribosome footprints and for detailed analyses of multiple features related to translation regulation. Visualizations of all the results are available. Many of these analyses have not been provided by previous methods. RiboMiner is highly flexible, as the pipeline could be easily adapted and customized for different scopes and targets of the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Applications of RiboMiner on two published datasets did not only reproduced the main results reported before, but also generated novel insights into the translation regulation processes. Therefore, being complementary to the current tools, RiboMiner could be a valuable resource for dissections of the translation landscapes and the translation regulations by mining the ribosome profiling data more comprehensively and with higher resolution. RiboMiner is freely available at https://github.com/xryanglab/RiboMiner and https://pypi.org/project/RiboMiner .


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Software , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Aminoácidos/genética , Códon/genética , Análise de Dados , Mineração de Dados
8.
Nat Immunol ; 21(9): 1107-1118, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788748

RESUMO

In coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the relationship between disease severity and the host immune response is not fully understood. Here we performed single-cell RNA sequencing in peripheral blood samples of 5 healthy donors and 13 patients with COVID-19, including moderate, severe and convalescent cases. Through determining the transcriptional profiles of immune cells, coupled with assembled T cell receptor and B cell receptor sequences, we analyzed the functional properties of immune cells. Most cell types in patients with COVID-19 showed a strong interferon-α response and an overall acute inflammatory response. Moreover, intensive expansion of highly cytotoxic effector T cell subsets, such as CD4+ effector-GNLY (granulysin), CD8+ effector-GNLY and NKT CD160, was associated with convalescence in moderate patients. In severe patients, the immune landscape featured a deranged interferon response, profound immune exhaustion with skewed T cell receptor repertoire and broad T cell expansion. These findings illustrate the dynamic nature of immune responses during disease progression.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA-Seq , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Célula Única
9.
Mol Cell ; 79(4): 575-587.e7, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589965

RESUMO

eIF3, a multi-subunit complex with numerous functions in canonical translation initiation, is known to interact with 40S and 60S ribosomal proteins and translation elongation factors, but a direct involvement in translation elongation has never been demonstrated. We found that eIF3 deficiency reduced early ribosomal elongation speed between codons 25 and 75 on a set of ∼2,700 mRNAs encoding proteins associated with mitochondrial and membrane functions, resulting in defective synthesis of their encoded proteins. To promote elongation, eIF3 interacts with 80S ribosomes translating the first ∼60 codons and serves to recruit protein quality-control factors, functions required for normal mitochondrial physiology. Accordingly, eIF3e+/- mice accumulate defective mitochondria in skeletal muscle and show a progressive decline in muscle strength. Hence, eIF3 interacts with 80S ribosomes to enhance, at the level of early elongation, the synthesis of proteins with membrane-associated functions, an activity that is critical for mitochondrial physiology and muscle health.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 3 em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Elongação Traducional da Cadeia Peptídica , Animais , Membrana Celular/genética , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Fator de Iniciação 3 em Eucariotos/genética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias Musculares/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias Musculares/patologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Subunidades Ribossômicas/genética , Subunidades Ribossômicas/metabolismo
10.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(2): 131-137, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30526062

RESUMO

Nine ursane-type triterpenoids including three new ones 2α, 19α-dihydroxyurs-3-O-acetyltormentic acid (1), 1α, 2α, 3α, 20ß-tetrahydroxyurs -13(18)-en-28-oic acid (2), and 2α, 3α, 20ß, 24-tetrahydroxyurs-13(18)-en-28-oic acid (3) were isolated from the roots of Rosa multiflora. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including NMR, MS, and IR spectroscopic analyses data. All the isolates were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and the results showed that compounds 1-9 displayed moderate inhibitory activity with IC50 values ranging from 24.7 to 86.2 µM compared with the postitive control Amino guanidine (IC50 4.3 µM).[Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Rosa , Triterpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(12): 1743-1749, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580618

RESUMO

Six compounds including three new polyketide ones named eleubosas A-C (1-3) were isolated from the active frations of Eleutherine bulbosa. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including NMR, MS and IR spectroscopic analyses data. All the isolates were evaluated against three pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the results showed that compounds 1 and 2 displayed moderate inhibitory activities against E. coli with MIC values both 12.5 µg/mL, which are consistent with the clinical applications and need further studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Iridaceae/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Xenobiotica ; 50(6): 677-684, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729838

RESUMO

1. The aim of this study was to develop a selective, rapid, accurate and sensitive ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for pharmacokinetic (PK) studies of phytoecdysones and triterpenoid saponins after oral administration of five monomers, crude, wine-processed and salt-processed Radix Achyranthis bidentatae (RAB).2. A Thermo Hypersil GOLD C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.9 µm) coupled with a mobile phase of (A) acetonitrile and (B) water (both containing 0.3% acetic acid) was used for sample separation. The mass analysis was performed in a triple quadruple mass spectrometer using selected reaction monitoring (SRM) with negative scan mode.3. The results showed that this method exhibited desirable sensitivity, precision, stability and repeatability. The extraction recoveries of the compounds ranged from 94.2 to 99.8% and the matrix effects ranged from 93.3 to 100.5%. Comparing the Cmax and AUC of five analytes in those groups showed this tendency: salt-processed RAB > wine-processed RAB > crude RAB > monomer group. The results confirmed the feasibility of TCM theory to enhance the efficacy of processed RAB.


Assuntos
Ecdisona/farmacocinética , Fitosteróis/farmacocinética , Saponinas/farmacocinética , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triterpenos
13.
J Sep Sci ; 42(22): 3403-3412, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513345

RESUMO

A simple and sensitive analysis using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with a tandem mass spectrometric system operated in selected reaction monitoring mode was developed for the determination of 11 phenolic acids, atractyloside, and carboxyatractyloside in rat plasma. The two classes of analytes were then separated on a Waters ACQUITY™ UPLC HSS T3 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm) using gradient elution with a mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid in water containing 10 mM ammonium acetate and methanol. Detection was accomplished by selected reaction monitoring scanning via an electrospray source operating in negative ionization mode. The calibration curve was linear (R2  = 0.990) over a concentration range of 1.20-3500 ng/mL, while the validated lower limit of quantification was 1.20 ng/mL. The precision varied from 0.84 to 4.62%, and the accuracy varied within ±5%. The method proved robust with sample freezing and thawing and with short- and long-term sample storage. The established method was used for simultaneous quantification and was successfully used for the first time for the pharmacokinetic evaluation of 13 compounds after the intragastric administration of raw and processed Fructus Xanthii in rats. The results indicated that processing affects the absorption and metabolism of Fructus Xanthii extract. Importantly, the results also indicated the importance of processing for the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 11(10): 816-828, 2019 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408165

RESUMO

The metabolic enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (α-KG). Its mutation often leads to aberrant gene expression in cancer. IDH1 was reported to bind thousands of RNA transcripts in a sequence-dependent manner; yet, the functional significance of this RNA-binding activity remains elusive. Here, we report that IDH1 promotes mRNA translation via direct associations with polysome mRNA and translation machinery. Comprehensive proteomic analysis in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) revealed striking enrichment of ribosomal proteins and translation regulators in IDH1-bound protein interactomes. We performed ribosomal profiling and analyzed mRNA transcripts that are associated with actively translating polysomes. Interestingly, knockout of IDH1 in ESCs led to significant downregulation of polysome-bound mRNA in IDH1 targets and subtle upregulation of ribosome densities at the start codon, indicating inefficient translation initiation upon loss of IDH1. Tethering IDH1 to a luciferase mRNA via the MS2-MBP system promotes luciferase translation, independently of the catalytic activity of IDH1. Intriguingly, IDH1 fails to enhance luciferase translation driven by an internal ribosome entry site. Together, these results reveal an unforeseen role of IDH1 in fine-tuning cap-dependent translation via the initiation step.


Assuntos
Isocitrato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Ácidos Cetoglutáricos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Polirribossomos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ribossomos/metabolismo
15.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072054

RESUMO

In the study, a surface plasmon resonance-based (SPR-based) competitive assay was performed to analyze different compounds' inhibitory activity to TNF-, an important pro-inflammatory cytokine in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases. Moreover, the single mass spectrometry (MS) detection method was coupled with an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) system for the routine quality control (QC) of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The above quality control strategy was evaluated with Lonicera japonica Thunb. Analytes were firstly separated on a Waters ACQUITYTM UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 × 50 mm; particle size = 1.8 µm) using a 0.1% formic acid gradient elution, then detected by negative ESI mass spectrometry. The limits of quantification (LOQ) for analytes reached 0.005-0.56 µg/mL. The LOD of the QDa detector was lower than that of the PDA detector, indicating its wider detection range. The QDa detector was also more suitable for the analysis of the complex matrix of TCM. The method showed excellent linearity, with regression coefficients higher than 0.9991. The average recoveries of the investigated analytes were in the range of 98.78-105.13%, with an RSD below 3.91%. The inter-day precision range (n = 3 days) was 2.51-4.54%. Compared to other detectors, this strategy could be widely applied in the quantitative analysis of TCM. In addition, the chemically latent data could be revealed using chemometric analysis. Importantly, this study provides an efficient screening method for small-molecule inhibitors targeting the TNF-α pathway.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Lonicera/química , Análise por Conglomerados , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Padrões de Referência , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Molecules ; 24(3)2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743985

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to establish a rapid, reliable, and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography with triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry coupled with chemometric method to measure and evaluate the differences between thirteen compounds in raw and processed Tussilago farfara L. from different sources. This assay method was validated, and the results indicated that the calibration curves for the thirteen compounds had good linearity (R² > 0.9990). The limits of detection and limits of quantification of the thirteen compounds ranged from 0.0012 to 0.0095 µg/mL and from 0.0038 to 0.0316 µg/mL, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD) of the intra- and inter-day precisions and stability ranged from 1.06 to 2.00%, 0.26 to 1.99%, and 0.75 to 1.97%, respectively. The sample recovery rates of the thirteen compounds with different concentrations were 94.47⁻104.06%. The chemometric results, including principal component analysis, hierarchical clustering analysis, three-dimensional analysis, and box plot analysis, indicated that there are significance differences in raw and processed Tussilago farfara L. The results of this study confirm that the proposed method is the first reported method that has been successfully applied for simultaneous determination and discovery of the difference between thirteen compounds of raw and processed Tussilago farfara L. Thus, this method could be a helpful tool for the detection and confirmation of the quality of traditional Chinese medicines and provide a basis for future pharmacological studies.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tussilago/química , Extração Líquido-Líquido , Estrutura Molecular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Phytomedicine ; 57: 191-202, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a widely used toxic traditional herbal medicine, the quality of the Fructus Xanthii must be well controlled to ensure the clinical therapeutic efficacy and safety. AIMS: A rapid, and sensitive using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography to triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) in selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode was developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of determination active and toxic ingredients form processed by stir-frying and raw materials of Fructus Xanthii. METHODS: Chromatographic separation of all targeted compound was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm). Moreover, the method was successfully applied in thirty-six samples of Fructus Xanthii collected from different sources in China. The processing method was optimized through Box-Behnken statistical design and response surface methodology. RESULTS: In this work, chemometrics was able to successfully discriminate and classify among samples. The optimal incubation conditions were as follows: under heating in a pot at 295 °C, medicine at 120 °C for 11.0 min with flipping frequently. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the established UPLC-QQQ-MS method in combination with chemometric analysis provides a rapid, flexible and reliable method for quality assessment of Fructus Xanthii. Importantly, the optimized experimental value of the processing process provides the basis for future research.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Atractilosídeo/análogos & derivados , Atractilosídeo/análise , China , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Diterpenos/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fenóis/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura
18.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 33(6): e4485, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30693528

RESUMO

Supercritical fluid chromatography is a safe and ecofriendly analytical technique that has not been fully applied to the analysis of traditional Chinese medicine. This is the first study on the separation of six quality markers-paeoniflorin, albiflorin, benzoyl paeoniflorin, oxypaeoniflorin, gallic acid and benzoic acid-from raw, wine-baked and vinegar-baked Paeoniae Alba Radix (PAR) by Supercritical fluid chromatography. Optimum separation was achieved on an HSS C18 SB column (100 × 3.0 mm, 1.8 µm particles) with a gradient elution of high-purity carbon dioxide as mobile phase A and methanol-acetonitrile (70:30, v/v) with 0.10% phosphoric acid as mobile phase B. The flow rate was set at 0.7 mL/min for 15.0 min. The method was validated in terms of the overall intraday and interday precision, with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 0.87-2.87 and 1.47-3.63%, respectively. The recoveries were 98.10-103.60% with an RSD of 1.00-3.40%. The stability of the RSD values was in the range 1.10-3.78%. The developed approach was successfully applied and provides a valuable reference for the quality assessment of PAR and processed PAR. The results also revealed that the standardization of processing technology is of great significance to the fluctuations in quality before and after the processing of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético/química , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/métodos , Paeonia/química , Extratos Vegetais , Ácido Benzoico/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/química , Ácido Gálico/análise , Glucosídeos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Monoterpenos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Vinho
19.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(23): 3383-3388, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852790

RESUMO

Two new monoterpene glucosides: xanmonoter A (1) and xanmonoter B (2) were isolated from Xanthium strumarium. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR, MS and CD analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for their anti-inflammatory activity with IC50 values of 17.4, 22.1 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Xanthium/química , Animais , Dicroísmo Circular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Glucosídeos/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(10): 2097-2103, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933677

RESUMO

This project is to investigate lignans from the dried fruits of Xanthium sibiricum (Xanthii Fructus). The chemical constituents were extract by 70% ethanol and isolated by silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, MCI column chromatography. Based on comparison of their spectral data with those reported in literature, they were elucidated as (-)-pinoresinol (1), balanophonin A (2), diospyrosin (3), dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (4), 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propanol (5), (-)-simulanol (6), (-)-7R,8S-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (7), chushizisin E (8), dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (9), 7R,8S-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (10), erythro-1,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-propanediol (11), leptolepisol D (12), 8-O-4' neolignan 4-O-ß-glucopyranoside (13), (-)-1-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-2-{2-methoxy-4-[1-(E)-propen-3-ol]phenoxyl}-propane-3-ol(14), 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy)-phenyl-2-[4-(1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl)-2-methoxy]-phenoxy-1,3-propandiol (15), threo-dihydroxy dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (16), (-)-(2R)-1-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-2-{2-methoxy-4-[(E)-formylviny1]phenoxyl} propane-3-ol (17). Compound 2-17 were isolated from the genus Xanthium for the first time. Compound 1 were isolated form Xanthii Fructus for the first time.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Lignanas/análise , Xanthium/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
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