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2.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 11: 183, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29904342

RESUMO

In developing sensory systems, elaborate morphological connectivity between peripheral cells and first-order central neurons emerges via genetic programming before the onset of sensory activities. However, how the first-order central neurons acquire the capacity to interface with peripheral cells remains elusive. By making patch-clamp recordings from mouse brainstem slices, we found that a subset of neurons in the cochlear nuclei, the first central station to receive peripheral acoustic impulses, exhibits spontaneous firings (SFs) as early as at birth, and the fraction of such neurons increases during the prehearing period. SFs are reduced but not eliminated by a cocktail of blockers for excitatory and inhibitory synaptic inputs, implicating the involvement of intrinsic pacemaker channels. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these intrinsic firings (IFs) are largely driven by hyperpolarization- and cyclic nucleotide-gated channel (HCN) mediated currents (Ih), as evidenced by their attenuation in the presence of HCN blockers or in neurons from HCN1 knockout mice. Interestingly, genetic deletion of HCN1 cannot be fully compensated by other pacemaker conductances and precludes age-dependent up regulation in the fraction of spontaneous active neurons and their firing rate. Surprisingly, neurons with SFs show accelerated development in excitability, spike waveform and firing pattern as well as synaptic pruning towards mature phenotypes compared to those without SFs. Our results imply that SFs of the first-order central neurons may reciprocally promote their wiring and firing with peripheral inputs, potentially enabling the correlated activity and crosstalk between the developing brain and external environment.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 27(2): 180-5, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20376801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and laboratory features of neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) and to characterize the molecular basis and prognosis of this disease. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with NICCD were collected because of idiopathic intrahepatic cholestasis and jaundice. The diagnosis was made by routine laboratory data collection, tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. SLC25A13 gene mutation was analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), direct DNA sequencing and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses. The patients were followed up for nearly 2 years. RESULTS: The NICCD patients showed low birth weight and the average onset of jaundice was 29 days. Laboratory data showed liver dysfunction, hyperbilirubinemia, hypoproteinemia, high levels of alpha-fetoprotein, prolonged prothrombin time, hypoglycemia and hyperammonemia. MS-MS analysis of the blood samples revealed specific elevation of citrulline, methionine, threonine, tyrosine and elevation of free carnitine, short-chain and long-chain acylcarnitines. GC-MS analysis of the urine samples showed elevated 4-hydroxyl phenyllactic acid and 4-hydroxyl phenylpyruvic acid. Twelve different mutations were identified, including 4 novel mutations, i.e., G386V, R467X, K453R and 1192-1193delT. Forty-four mutated alleles were identified in the 52 alleles (84.6% ). Among them, 851del4, 1638ins23 and IVS6+5G>A mutations were the most frequent mutations, accounting for 40.9%, 20.5% and 11.4% of the total alleles examined respectively. Five of the 26 patients have not been recovered, including 4 died and 1 accepted liver transplantation. No obvious relationship was found between the genotype and phenotype in NICCD. CONCLUSION: The 851del4, 1638ins23 and IVS6+5G>A mutations are the hot-spot mutations in Chinese NICCD patients. Some NICCD patients have poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/deficiência , Colestase Intra-Hepática/etiologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/genética , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Mutação , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/deficiência , Sequência de Bases , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Colestase Intra-Hepática/diagnóstico , Colestase Intra-Hepática/terapia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico
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