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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 832-838, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622601

RESUMO

Objective: To study the distributional characteristics of allergens in children with allergic diseases in Shaanxi province. Methods: A total of 4 622 children diagnosed with allergic diseases in the Asthma Center, Department of Pediatrics, Xijing Hospital from March 2015 to February 2019 were selected. Serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) of 19 common kinds of allergens were examined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The children were divided into different groups according to sex, age and geographical regions, and the distributional characteristics of allergens of the different groups were compared. Results: The overall positive rate for the 19 allergens of the 4 622 children was 62.8%. The ranking of the positive rates for individual allergens from high to low were as follows: 24.2% for milk, 18.0% for mold mix, 16.7% for dog dander, 16.4% for house dust mite, 11.7% for cat dander, 10.7% for cashew, 10.6% for weed pollen, 8.8% for egg white, 7.8% for house dust, 7.7% for tree pollen, 5.6% for amaranth, 4.9% for mulberry tree, 3.6% for mango, 3.2% for beef, 2.8% for cockroach, 2.1% for crab, 1.5% for shrimp, 0.8% for pineapple, and 0.3% for shellfish. Analysis based on sex showed that the allergen positive rates in boys were higher than those in girls. Analysis by age difference showed that generally the positive rates for inhaled allergens increased along with the increase in patient age, while the positive rates for ingested allergens decreased along with the increase in patient age. Analysis by geographical regions showed that the positive rate of house dust mite in the patients from the southern part of Shaanxi, the positive rate of weed pollen in the patients from the northern part of Shaanxi and the positive rates of milk and egg white in the patients from the central part of Shaanxi were higher than those in other areas. The cluster analysis and correlation analysis showed that the 19 allergens could be roughly divided into 4 categories. There were moderate correlations among tree pollen, mulberry tree and amaranth. There were moderate correlations among mulberry tree, mango and amaranth. There was moderate correlation between shrimp and crab, and there were mild or weak correlations among most of the other allergens. Conclusion: Among the 4 622 children with allergic diseases in Shaanxi Province who were treated in the Asthma Center, Department of Pediatrics, Xijing Hospital, male patients showed higher sensitivity to allergens. The positive rates of inhaled allergens increased, while the positive rates of ingested allergens decreased with increase in patient age. There were regional differences in the distribution of allergens. Some allergens were correlated with each other, which may be related to cross-reaction.


Assuntos
Asma , Hipersensibilidade , Alérgenos , Animais , Asma/epidemiologia , Gatos , Bovinos , Criança , Cães , Poeira , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Masculino
2.
J Fluoresc ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687397

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide and biothiol molecules such as Cys and GSH acted important roles in many physiological processes. To simultaneously detect and distinguish them was quite necessary by a suitable fluorescent probe. A novel chemosensor 4-(4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-2-methoxyphenoxy)-7-nitrobenzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazole (BMNO) was designed to detect H2S/Cys/GSH using the combination of nitrobenzofurazan (NBD) and benzothiazole fluorophores linked by a facile ether bond. The probe BMNO was developed for simultaneous identification of H2S, Cys and GSH. Noticeably, the color changes (from colorless to light purple, light orange and light yellow) of probe BMNO solutions for sensing H2S, Cys and GSH could be observed by naked eyes, respectively. The probe BMNO exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity for H2S, Cys and GSH showing distinct optical signal with detection limit as low as 0.15 µM, 0.03 µM and 0.14 µM, respectively. The sensing mechanism was clarified by spectrum analysis and some controlled experiments. In addition, these outstanding properties of probe BMNO enabled its practical applications in detection H2S in beer, and in cell imaging for Cys and GSH as well.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2845-2855, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472302

RESUMO

Production of biofuels such as ethanol from non-grain crops may contribute to alleviating the global energy crisis and reducing the potential threat to food security. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is a commercial crop with high biomass yield. Breeding of starch-rich tobacco plants may provide alternative raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol. We cloned the small subunit gene NtSSU of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (NtAGPase), which controls starch biosynthesis in tobacco, and constructed a plant expression vector pCAMBIA1303-NtSSU. The NtSSU gene was overexpressed in tobacco upon Agrobacterium-mediated leaf disc transformation. Phenotypic analysis showed that overexpression of NtSSU gene promoted the accumulation of starch in tobacco leaves, and the content of starch in tobacco leaves increased from 17.5% to 41.7%. The growth rate and biomass yield of the transgenic tobacco with NtSSU gene were also significantly increased. The results revealed that overexpression of NtSSU gene could effectively redirect more photosynthesis carbon flux into starch biosynthesis pathway, which led to an increased biomass yield but did not generate negative effects on other agronomic traits. Therefore, NtSSU gene can be used as an excellent target gene in plant breeding to enrich starch accumulation in vegetative organs to develop new germplasm dedicated to fuel ethanol production.


Assuntos
Amido , Tabaco , Biomassa , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo
4.
Neoplasma ; 68(5): 1023-1032, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427097

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant neoplasms worldwide. CD24 is a marker of tumor stem cells that plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Hsp70 is an important molecular chaperone. However, the co-expression and interaction of CD24 and Hsp70, as well as the significance for the prognosis of lung cancer are still unclear. The expression levels of CD24 and Hsp70 were detected by immunohistochemistry and their correlation was analyzed. The expression levels of CD24 mRNA and protein were examined using qRT-PCR and western blotting in SPCA1, A549, H1975, and H1650 cell lines. A CD24-overexpressing cell model was established. The interaction between CD24 and Hsp70 was verified by co-immunoprecipitation and western blotting. CD24 and Hsp70 expression were significantly higher in lung cancer tissues than in adjacent tissues (CD24: p=0.008; Hsp70: p<0.001). CD24 protein expression showed a positive correlation with lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and vascular cancer thrombus. Hsp70 protein expression showed a positive correlation with differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage. CD24 and Hsp70 high expression were also correlated with poor survival. The positive co-expression rate of CD24 and Hsp70 in lung cancer tissues was 52.7% (49/93). CD24 and Hsp70 expression in lung cancer were positively correlated (r=0.368, p<0.001), and co-immunoprecipitation was verified that both endogenous and exogenous CD24 co-precipitated with Hsp70 directly or indirectly. When Hsp70 inhibitor VER15508 was added to A549 cells, Hsp70 and CD24 protein expression were significantly decreased. The present study demonstrated that CD24 and Hsp70 were highly expressed in lung cancer tissues, and associated with invasion, metastasis, and poor survival. Hsp70 may regulate CD24 expression. Co-expression of CD24 and Hsp70 may be a prognostic biomarker for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antígeno CD24 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
5.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(9): 2466-2467, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377799

RESUMO

Trichogramma chilonis is a kind of ovoid parasitic wasp, which has important application value in the biological control of pests. In this study, we sequenced and analyzed the complete mitogenome T. chilonis to compare mitogenomic structures and reconstruct phylogenetic relationships. The complete mitogenome sequence of T. chilonis is circular, 16,176 bp in size and encodes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNA), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNA), and a control region (CR). Nucleotide composition is highly biased toward A + T nucleotides (85.2%). All 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs) initiate with the standard start codon of ATN and terminate with the typical stop codon TAA/TAG. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using amino acids of 13 PCGs showed that T. chilonis is closely related to Trichogramma ostriniae.

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 692479, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413876

RESUMO

Objective: Alpha-dystroglycanopathy (α-DGP) is a subtype of muscular dystrophy caused by defects in the posttranslational glycosylation of α-dystroglycan (α-DG). Our study aimed to summarize the clinical and genetic features of POMT2-related α-DGP in a cohort of patients in China. Methods: Pedigrees, clinical data, and laboratory tests of patients diagnosed with POMT2-related α-DGP were analyzed retrospectively. The pathogenicity of variants in POMT2 were predicted by bioinformatics software. The variants with uncertain significance were verified by further analysis. Results: The 11 patients, comprising eight males and three females, were from nine non-consanguineous families. They exhibited different degrees of muscle weakness, ambulation, and intellectual impairment. Among them, three had a muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB)-like phenotype, five presented congenital muscular dystrophy with intellectual disability (CMD-ID), and three presented limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). Overall, nine novel variants of POMT2, including two non-sense, one frameshift and six missense variants, were identified. The pathogenicity of two missense variants, c.1891G > C and c.874G > C, was uncertain based on bioinformatics software prediction. In vitro minigene analysis showed that c.1891G > C affects the splicing of POMT2. Immunofluorescence staining with the IIH6C4 antibody of muscle biopsy from the patient carrying the c.874G > C variant showed an apparent lack of expression. Conclusion: This study summarizes the clinical and genetic characteristics of a cohort of POMT2-related α-DGP patients in China for the first time, expanding the mutational spectrum of the disease. Further study of the pathogenicity of some missense variants based on enzyme activity detection is needed.

7.
Adv Mater ; 33(34): e2101823, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278619

RESUMO

Highly efficient and stable quasi-2D hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) using hydrophobic 4-(trifluoromethyl) benzylamine (4TFBZA) as the spacer cation are successfully demonstrated. It is found that the incorporation of hydrophobic 4TFBZA into MAPbI3 can effectively induce a spontaneous upper gradient 2D (SUG-2D) structure, passivate the trap states, and restrain the ion motion. Meanwhile, the strong hydrogen bonding of F···HN between 4TFBZA ions and methylamine ions can effectively suppress the decomposition of perovskite, which gives the device a better thermal stability. Besides, due to the SUG-2D structure with hydrophobic 4TFBZA, the device also exhibits a better moisture stability. The SUG-2D-structure-based device exhibits a power conversion efficiency of 17.07% with a high open-circuit voltage of 1.10 V and a notable fill factor of 71%. This work provides a new strategy for constructing efficient and stable quasi-2D PSCs, and it is an inspiration for the packaging strategy of perovskites.

8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Gold Finger' is a grape cultivar with a finger-like shape and a milk flavor. The process by which its aroma profile evolves during ripening is unclear. Thus, changes in the free and bound volatile compounds present in 'Gold Finger' grapes during ripening were investigated using headspace sampling-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (HS-SPME-GC-MS). RESULTS: A total of 83 volatile aroma components were identified in the grapes, with aldehydes, esters, acids, and alcohols being the main components. The total aroma compound content exhibited significant differences between the bound and free forms. The total content of bound volatile compounds did not change significantly during fruit development, although the free aroma compound content was significantly higher than the bound content. The total content of free aldehydes, free alcohols, bound norisoprenoids, and ketones gradually increased for up to 70 days after flowering (DAF), while the total free ester, terpene, and acid content decreased. The characteristic aroma compounds of 'Gold Finger' grapes were identified as hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, and ethyl hexanoate. CONCLUSIONS: These results give a foundation for the further development of 'Gold Finger' grapes and provide a theoretical basis for the selection and breeding of novel aromatic grape varieties. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064015

RESUMO

In recent years, the prosperous electric vehicle industry has contributed to the rapid development of lithium-ion batteries. However, the increase in the energy density of lithium-ion batteries has also created more pressing safety concerns. The emergence of a new flame-retardant material with the additive ethoxy (pentafluoro) cyclotriphosphazene can ameliorate the performance of lithium-ion batteries while ensuring their safety. The present study proposes a new polymer composite flame-retardant electrolyte and adopts differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and accelerating rate calorimetry to investigate its thermal effect. The study found that the heating rate is positively correlated with the onset temperature, peak temperature, and endset temperature of the endothermic peak. The flame-retardant modified polymer electrolyte for new lithium-ion batteries has better thermal stability than traditional lithium-ion battery electrolytes. Three non-isothermal methods (Kissinger; Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose; and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa) were also used to calculate the kinetic parameters based on the DSC experimental data. The apparent activation energy results of the three non-isothermal methods were averaged as 54.16 kJ/mol. The research results can provide valuable references for the selection and preparation of flame-retardant additives in lithium-ion batteries.

11.
Oecologia ; 196(1): 27-35, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825007

RESUMO

Identifying intrinsic and extrinsic sources of variation in life history traits among populations has been well-studied at the post-embryonic stage but rarely at the embryonic stage. To reveal these sources of variation in the developmental success of embryos, we measured the physical characteristics of nest environments and conducted reciprocal egg-swap experiments in two populations of the toad-headed agamid lizard (Phrynocephalus przewalskii), isolated from each other by a mountain range. We determined the effects of population origin and nest environment on embryonic and offspring traits related to developmental success, including incubation period, hatching success, and offspring growth and survival. Females from the northern population constructed deeper nests that were colder and wetter than those from the southern population. Northern embryos had higher hatching success than the southern embryos when incubated at the northern nest environment, but not when they were incubated at the southern nest environment. The southern hatchlings grew faster than the northern hatchlings when incubated at the southern nest environment, but not after incubation at the northern nest environment. These phenomena likely reflect local adaptation of embryonic development to their nest environments among populations in lizards. In addition, the southern hatchlings had higher survivorship than the northern hatchlings regardless of nest environment, suggesting the southern population has evolved a superior phenotype at the hatchling stage to maximize its fitness.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Feminino , Fenótipo , Temperatura
12.
Gene ; 788: 145669, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882321

RESUMO

The current work focused on evaluating the roles of endothelial lipase gene (LIPG) related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study involved 1,883 subjects with 959 CAD patients and 924 healthy controls. Data were harvested to assess the association of LIPG related SNPs including rs3744841, rs3744843, rs3813082 and rs2000813 with the risk of CAD. The CC + AC genotype in rs3813082 played a protective role for CAD [odds ratio (OR) = 0.709, P = 0.039]. Differences existed in apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in rs3744843 variant between control and CAD groups. The rs3744841 variant increased the levels of total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), Apo-A1 and Lipoprotein a (LPa) in the CAD group and TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, Apo-B, Apo-A1 in the control group. The triglyceride (TG) level was lower in rs2000813 variant in the CAD group and elevated in the control group. The rs2000813 variant decreased the number of vascular stenosis while rs3744843 and rs3744841 variants increased the number of vascular stenosis in CAD patients. This study explored the roles of LIPG related SNPs in CAD, showing that CC + AC genotype in rs3813082 was a protective factor for CAD. The rs3744843, rs3744841 and rs2000813 variants were associated with the levels of lipid parameters in CAD patients. The rs3744843, rs3744841 and rs2000813 variants influenced the number of vascular stenosis in CAD patients. The results of our study might be a promising reference for preventing CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Lipase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , HDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 46, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an infectious-allergic zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Early diagnosis is the key to preventing, treating, and controlling brucellosis. Fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPA) is a new immunoassay for relatively rapid and accurate detection of antibodies or antigens based on antigen-antibody interaction. However, there is no report on FPA-based detection of human brucellosis in China. Therefore, this study is to evaluate the value of FPA for the diagnosis of human brucellosis in China. METHODS: We recruited 320 suspected brucellosis cases who had the clinical symptoms and epidemiological risk factors between January and December, 2019. According to China Guideline for Human Brucellosis Diagnosis, the Rose Bengal test (RBT) was used for the screening test, and the serum agglutination test (SAT) was used as the confirmatory test. Brucellosis was confirmed only if the results of both tests were positive. Additionally, FPA and enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) were compared with SAT, and their sensitivity, specificity, coincidence rate and consistency coefficient (Kappa value) as diagnostic tests were analyzed individually and in combination. The optimal cut-off value of FPA was also determined using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The optimum cut-off value of FPA was determined to be 88.5 millipolarization (mP) units, with a sensitivity of 94.5% and specificity of 100.0%. Additionally, the coincidence rate with the SAT test was 96.6%, and the Kappa value (0.9) showed excellent consistency. The sensitivity and specificity of FPA and ELISA combined were higher at 98.0% and 100.0% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When the cut-off value of FPA test is set at 88.5 mP, it has high value for the diagnosis of brucellosis. Additionally, when FPA and ELISA are combined, the sensitivity of diagnosis is significantly improved. Thus, FPA may have potential in the future as a diagnostic method for human brucellosis in China.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(26): 14693-14700, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835645

RESUMO

Tin-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) demonstrate a potential application in wearable electronics due to its hypotoxicity. However, poor crystal quality is still the bottleneck for achieving high-performance flexible devices. In this work, graphite phase-C3 N4 (g-C3 N4 ) is applied into tin-based perovskite as a crystalline template, which delays crystallization via a size-effect and passivates defects simultaneously. The double hydrogen bond between g-C3 N4 and formamidine cation can optimize lattice matching and passivation. Moreover, the two-dimensional network structure of g-C3 N4 can fit on the crystals, resulting an enhanced hydrophobicity and oxidation resistance. Therefore, the flexible tin-based PSCs with g-C3 N4 realize a stabilized power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.56 % with negligible hysteresis. In addition, the PSCs can maintain 91 % of the initial PCE after 1000 h under N2 environment and keep 92 % of their original PCE after 600 cycles at a curvature radius of 3 mm.

15.
Rep Prog Phys ; 84(6)2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740777

RESUMO

Given its briefness and predictability, the minimal seesaw-a simplified version of the canonical seesaw mechanism with only two right-handed neutrino fields-has been studied in depth and from many perspectives, and now it is being pushed close to a position of directly facing experimental tests. This article is intended to provide an up-to-date review of various phenomenological aspects of the minimal seesaw and its associated leptogenesis mechanism in neutrino physics and cosmology. Our focus is on possible flavor structures of such benchmark seesaw and leptogenesis scenarios and confronting their predictions with current neutrino oscillation data and cosmological observations. In this connection particular attention will be paid to the topics of lepton number violation, lepton flavor violation, discrete flavor symmetries, CP violation and antimatter of the Universe.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652664

RESUMO

Lithium-ion batteries with conventional LiPF6 carbonate electrolytes are prone to failure at high temperature. In this work, the thermal stability of a dual-salt electrolyte of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) and lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiODFB) in carbonate solvents was analyzed by accelerated rate calorimetry (ARC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). LiTFSI-LiODFB dual-salt carbonate electrolyte decomposed when the temperature exceeded 138.5 °C in the DSC test and decomposed at 271.0 °C in the ARC test. The former is the onset decomposition temperature of the solvents in the electrolyte, and the latter is the LiTFSI-LiODFB dual salts. Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Starink, and autocatalytic models were applied to determine pyrolysis kinetic parameters. The average apparent activation energy of the dual-salt electrolyte was 53.25 kJ/mol. According to the various model fitting, the thermal decomposition process of the dual-salt electrolyte followed the autocatalytic model. The results showed that the LiTFSI-LiODFB dual-salt electrolyte is significantly better than the LiPF6 electrolyte in terms of thermal stability.

17.
J Anim Ecol ; 90(6): 1550-1559, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713452

RESUMO

As postulated by life-history theory, not all life-history traits can be maximized simultaneously. In ectothermic animals, climate warming is predicted to increase growth rates, but at a cost to overall life span. Maternal effects are expected to mediate this life-history trade-off, but such effects have not yet been explicitly elucidated. To understand maternal effects on the life-history responses to climate warming in lizard offspring, we conducted a manipulative field experiment on a desert-dwelling viviparous lacertid lizard Eremias multiocellata, using open-top chambers in a factorial design (maternal warm climate and maternal present climate treatments × offspring warm climate and offspring present climate treatments). We found that the maternal warm climate treatment had little impact on the physiological and life-history traits of adult females (i.e. metabolic rate, reproductive output, growth and survival). However, the offspring warm climate treatment significantly affected offspring growth, and both maternal and offspring warm climate treatments interacted to affect offspring survival. Offspring from the warm climate treatment grew faster than those from the present climate treatment. However, the offspring warm climate treatment significantly decreased the survival rate of offspring from maternal present climate treatment, but not for those from the maternal warm climate treatment. Our study demonstrates that maternal effects mediate the trade-off between growth and survival of offspring lizards, allowing them to grow fast without a concurrent cost of low survival rate (short life span). These findings stress the importance of adaptive maternal effects in buffering the impact of climate warming on organisms, which may help us to accurately predict the vulnerability of populations and species to future warming climates.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Animais , Clima , Mudança Climática , Feminino , Herança Materna , Reprodução
20.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 14(2): 179-185, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33614444

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the secretome efficacy in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α stimulated mouse mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a murine model of corneal limbal alkali injury. METHODS: Corneal limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) was created in the eyes of male C57 mice. Concentrated conditioned medium from TNF-α stimulated MSCs (MSC-CMT) was applied topically for 4wk, with basal medium and conditioned medium from MSCs as controls. Corneal opacification, corneal inflammatory response, and corneal neovascularization (NV) were evaluated. Corneal epithelial cell apoptosis, corneal conjunctivation, and inflammatory cell infiltration were assessed with TUNEL staining, CK3 and Muc-5AC immunostaining, and CD11b immunofluorescence staining, respectively. The effect of TSG-6 was further evaluated by knockdown with short hairpin RNA (shRNA). RESULTS: Compared to the controls, topical administration of MSC-CMT significantly ameliorated the clinical symptoms of alkali-induced LSCD, with restrained corneal NV, reduced corneal epithelial cell apoptosis, and inhibition of corneal conjunctivation. In addition, MSC-CMT treatment significantly reduced CD11b+ inflammatory cell infiltration, and inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6). Furthermore, the promotion of corneal epithelial reconstruction by MSC-CMT was largely abolished by TSG-6 knockdown. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that MSC-CMT enhances the alleviation of corneal alkali injuries, partially through TSG-6-mediated anti-inflammatory protective mechanisms. MSC-CMT may serve as a potential strategy for treating corneal disorders.

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