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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(16): 3042-7, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509284


Referring to the rules for agricultural seed testing (GB /T 3543-1995) issued by China, the test of sampling, seed purity, weight per 1 000 seeds, seed moisture, seed viability and germination rate had been studied for screening seed quality test methods of Pesudostellaria heterophylla. The seed quality from different collection areas was measured. The results showed that at least 6.5 g seeds should be sampled and passed through 10-mesh sieve for purity analysis. The weight of 1 000 seeds was determined by using the 500-seed method. The phenotypic observation and size measurement were used for authenticity testing. The seed moisture was determined under the higher temperature (130 ± 2) degrees C for 5 hours. The seeds were dipped into 0.2% TTC sustaining 1 hour at 40 degrees C, then the viability could be determined. The break dormancy seeds were cultured on sand at 10 degrees C. K cluster analysis was applied for the data analysis, the seed quality from different collection areas grading of P. Heterophylla was described as three grades. The seed quality of each grade should reach following requirements: for first grade seeds, germination rate ≥ 86%, 1 000-grain weight ≥ 2.59 g, purity ≥ 87%, moisture ≤ 13.1%; for second grade seeds, germination rate ≥ 70%, 1 000-grain weight ≥ 2.40 g, purity ≥ 77%, moisture ≤ 14.3%; for third grade seeds, germination rate ≥ 41%, 1 000-grain weight ≥ 2.29 g, purity ≥ 76%, moisture ≤ 15.8%. The seed testing methods for quality items of P. heterophylla had been initially established, as well as the primary P. heterophylla seed quality classification standard.

Caryophyllaceae/química , Sementes/química , Caryophyllaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Germinação , Controle de Qualidade , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água/análise
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(15): 2873-80, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25423825


OBJECTIVE: To study the commodity specification and grade standard of Pseudostellaria Radix, for standardizing market order and achieving industrialization, standardization and modernization of Pseudostellariae Radix. METHOD: The different areas and grade medicinal materials of Pseudostellariae Radix were respectively measured in quantitative characteristics of appearance, and the present grade classification of Pseudostellaria Radix was scientifically verified by the content of polysaccharide. Then the determination data were evaluated by spss correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. So combining with the actual production, the commodity grade standard of Pseudostellariae Radix was formulated. RESULT: Correlation analysis indicated that the present grade classification of Pseudostellaria Radix was reasonable, and the more the grade of Pseudostellariae Radix was high, the more the content of polysaccharide was high. Meanwhile, length as a classification index was not suitable for the commodity grade standard of Pseudostellariae Radix. Using principal component analysis and cluster analysis, combining actual production, the thickest diameter, weight of single root tuber and the number of 50 g root tuber were filtrated and the grade was divided into 5 ranks: big, mid- dle, small selected goods, big ungraded goods and small ungraded goods. CONCLUSION: the commodity specification and grade standard of Pseudostellariae Radix that mainly included the thickest diameter, weight of single root tuber and the number of 50 g root tuber was formulated, the standard was divided into 5 grade. Each grade was not only consistent with the present situation of medicinal materials market, it could also reflected the intrinsic quality of Pseudostellariae Radix. In conclusion, the standard could be used as a classifica- tion basis to the commodity specification and grade.

Caryophyllaceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(1): 48-51, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24754167


OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between morphological characteristics of growth cycle for Epimedium acuminatium and accumulation level of secondary metabolites. METHOD: After making habitat clear, methods of morphology observation, specimen preparation, organism charting were applied to record morphological characteristics of E. acuminatium at different stages. HPLC was employed to detect icariin content of different parts of the plant at the stage of vegetative growth and sexual reproduction. RESULT: The growth cycle of E. acuminatium was divided into vegetative growth stage and sexual and asexual reproduction coexistence stage. Seven to eight years were needed for the plants flowering and seeding of E. acuminatimcan in open land of forest edge, but within good nutrition conditions, growth cycle is shortened into three to four years. The difference of icariin content in two growth stages was not significant. CONCLUSION: Morphological change of lower and foliar organ can be utilized to estimate growth age. But after applying sexual propagation for both root and stem of grown plants, it's been difficult to determine their growth year. If individual biomass or yield is economical, plants can be harvested in both vegetative growth and sexual reproduction stages.

Epimedium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Epimedium/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Biomassa , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Reprodução , Plântula/metabolismo
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(21): 4197-204, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25775793


OBJECTIVE: To provide new germplasm materials for breeding new varieties of Pseudostellaria heterophylla. METHOD: The method of single plant selection was adopted, with the comparative experiments being carried out under the same conditions in Shibing county. The 8 plants of Shibing SB-4 were compared respectively with factor analysis for 27 phenotypic traits and 8 yield traits, and single factor variance analysis for the contents of polysaccharides. RESULT: Using factor analysis, 27 phenotypic traits were classified into 7 principal divisors and 8 yield traits were simplified into 3 principal divisors. The 4 strains of P. heterophylla, ZT-01, ZT-02, ZT-06 and ZT-07, performed better than others in the phenotypic traits, and ZT-01, ZT-02, ZT-03 and ZT-07 in the yield traits. The contents of polysaccharides of ZT-01, ZT-02, ZT-05 and ZT-08 showed significantly higher value. CONCLUSION: There is significant difference among the 8 strains of P. heterophylla in phenotypic traits, yield traits and quality traits, making it possible to select certain strains for different purposes. ZT-01 and ZT-02 can be breaded further. ZT-06 and ZT-07 were used as ornamental cultivars for its great phenotypic traits. ZT-03 with good resistance and high yield was taken as resistant variety, and ZT-05 would face next selection on the basis of its high content of polysaccharide.

Cruzamento , Caryophyllaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caryophyllaceae/química , China , Fenótipo , Polissacarídeos/análise
Zhong Yao Cai ; 37(8): 1343-9, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25726639


OBJECTIVE: To explore the phenotypic characteristics and the genetic diversity of cultivated Eucommia ulmoides from Guizhou Province. METHODS: The genetic diversity of cultivated Eucommia ulmoides in Guizhou Province was analyzed by phenotypic traits and start condon targeted polymorphism(SCoT)markers. RESULTS: The phenotypic diversity index of the number of buds on neonatal branch was the highest, which was 2.0638, and the number of blades on neonatal branch was the lowest,which was 1.7084. By data obtained, 40 cultivated samples of Eucommia ulmoides in Guizhou Province could be divided into 4 groups. A total of 76 bands were produced by 10 primers, among which 50 bands were polymorphic bands, and the percentage of polymorphic bands was 65.79%. The average value of Nei's genetic diversity index (H) was 0.1937, Shannon's information index (I) was 0.2832, Genetic differentiation coefficient (Gst) was 0.1733, and the gene flow (Nm) among populations was 2.3848. Cluster analysis based on genetic identity indicated that 4 populations could be divided into 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Genetic diversity of cultivated populations of Eucommia ulmoides in Guizhou Province had little differences. The genetic differentiation within populations was bigger than that among the populations. The high level of gene flow among populations was beneficial to extension of Eucommia ulmoides. The phenotypic cluster was similar to the SCoT cluster, the two classification results were significantly correlated with geographic position,which can providing a good foundation for the identification of Eucommia ulmoides germplasms.

Eucommiaceae/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Análise por Conglomerados , Primers do DNA , Fluxo Gênico , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo Genético
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(6): 812-6, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23717957


OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance for selection and breeding of Pesudostellaria heterophylla, agronomic traits of 3 mainly cultivated form of P. heterophylla were observed and compared in Guizhou shibing. METHOD: Thirteen agronomic traits of P. heterophylla from 3 cultivation form were measured and the traits were analyzed using multiple comparison, correlation analysis, multiple stepwise regression analysis and path analysis. RESULT: The results showed that agronomic traits were different in 3 cultivation form, significant(P <0.05)or very significant correlated (P <0.01)among multiple agronomic traits, the width and the number of root, the first branch number, cleistogamous flowers, length and width of leaves, and the aboveground biomass were the main factors that affected the underground biomass, and the number of root, the aboveground biomass had a directly positive effect on the underground biomass. Meanwhile, whole length, length and width of leaves, cleistogamous flowers etc. had direct or indirect effect on the underground biomass. CONCLUSION: Aboveground biomass would be as the best indirect selection traits on breeding high yield of P. heterophylla, the first branch number, width of leaves and cleistogamous flowers world be as a better auxiliary index on breeding high variety of P. heterophylla.

Agricultura/economia , Hemípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , China , Hemípteros/anatomia & histologia , Análise de Regressão