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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(11): 829, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685807

RESUMO

Metastasis is a well-known poor prognostic factor in cancer. However, the mechanisms how long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain largely unknown. Besides, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in tumor progression, yet the contribution of lncRNA-mediated crosstalk between TAMs and CRC cells to tumor progression is not well understood. In this study, we report that lncRNA RPPH1 was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues, and the RPPH1 overexpression was associated with advanced TNM stages and poor prognosis. RPPH1 was found to promote CRC metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, RPPH1 induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CRC cells via interacting with ß-III tubulin (TUBB3) to prevent its ubiquitination. Furthermore, CRC cell-derived exosomes transported RPPH1 into macrophages which mediate macrophage M2 polarization, thereby in turn promoting metastasis and proliferation of CRC cells. In addition, exosomal RPPH1 levels in blood plasma turned out to be higher in treatment-naive CRC patients but lower after tumor resection. Compared to CEA and CA199, exosomal RPPH1 in CRC plasma displayed a better diagnostic value (AUC = 0.86). Collectively, RPPH1 serves as a potential therapeutic and diagnostic target in CRC.

2.
Brain Res ; : 146537, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672473

RESUMO

Higher visual centers could modulate visually-guided ocular growth, in addition to local mechanisms intrinsic to the eye. There is evidence that such central modulations could be species (even subspecies)-dependent. While the mouse has recently become an important experimental animal in myopia studies, it remains unclear whether and how visual centers modulate refractive development in mice, an issue that was examined in the present study. We found that optic nerve crush (ONC), performed at P18, could modify normal refractive development in the C57BL/6 mouse raised in normal visual environment. Unexpectedly, sham surgery caused a steeper cornea, leading to a modest myopic refractive shift, but did not induce significant changes in ocular axis length. ONC caused corneal flattening and re-calibrated the refractive set-point in a bidirectional manner, causing significant myopic (<-3 D, 54.5%) or hyperopic (>+3 D, 18.2%) shifts in refractive error in most (totally 72.7%) animals, both due to changes in ocular axial length. ONC did not change the density of dopaminergic amacrine cells, but increased retinal levels of dopamine and DOPAC. We conclude that higher visual centers are likely to play a role in fine-tuning of ocular growth, thus modifying refractive development in the C57BL/6 mouse. The changes in refractive error induced by ONC are accounted for by alternations in multiple ocular dimensions, including corneal curvature and axial length.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(93): 14003-14006, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690910

RESUMO

The first example of a bifunctional donor-donor 3C synthon in situ from activated methine (methyleneindolinone and methylenebenzofuranone) with nitromethane through a [2+1] Michael addition, which further directed the following organocascade Michael/Henry cycloaddition reaction in a one-pot operation is developed, serving as a fruitful strategy for facile access to optically active and structurally diverse hexahydroxanthones with up to six contiguous stereocenters, including a quaternary one. A series of diversely functionalized products are smoothly obtained with up to 76% yield, >20 : 1 d.r. and 98% ee from simple and readily available starting materials. In addition, this is the first example of 3-formyl chromone as an acceptor-acceptor 3C building block, and also the first asymmetric catalytic construction of six vicinal stereogenic centers on a hexahydroxanthone scaffold.

4.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 287-296, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669895

RESUMO

Disulfide bonds are fundamental in establishing Ig structure and maintaining Ig biological function. Here, we analysed disulfide bonds and free cysteine in three grass carp IgM isoforms (monomeric, dimeric/trimeric, and tetrameric IgM) by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). The results revealed that Cys574 residue status at the C-terminal tail differed substantially in monomeric IgM in comparison with polymeric IgM, Cys574 was found as free thiol in monomeric IgM, while it formed disulfide linkages in dimeric/trimeric and tetrameric IgM. Five intra-chain disulfide bonds in the CH1~CH4 and CL1 domains, as well as one H-H and one H-L inter-chain disulfide linkages, were also observed and shown identical connectivity in monomeric, dimeric/trimeric, and tetrameric IgM. These findings represent the first experimental assignments of disulfide linkages of grass carp IgM and reveal that grass carp IgM isoform formation is due to alternative disulfide bonds connecting the Cys574 residue at the C-terminal tail.

5.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(44): 9567-9572, 2019 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686070

RESUMO

Inspired by the chemistry and biology of chromone and oxindole derivatives, herein we report the first example of thermal-mediated [1,3]-hydrogen transfer as the key step for the efficient synthesis of oxindole-chromone hybrid collections 2, which avoids additional catalyst and solvent conditions. All the oxindole-chromones 2 are smoothly obtained in >99% yields in all cases, avoiding column chromatography purification. In particular, the products 2 can act as potential synthons for further elaboration in structural diversity, which might be valuable in organic and medicinal chemistry.

6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(12): 104413, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is one of the most common complications after ischemic stroke, and periodontitis is associated with depression. However, whether severe periodontitis is associated with early-onset PSD status remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between severe periodontitis and PSD status in acute ischemic stroke patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We recruited 202 acute ischemic stroke patients within 7 days after stroke onset. Pocket depth and clinical attachment loss were assessed by oral examination to define the severe periodontitis. On the basis of diagnosis of PSD status according to DSM-5 criteria and a 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score greater than or equal to 8 within 2 weeks after stroke onset, we stratified patients into PSD status or non-PSD status groups and identified the independent predictors for the development of PSD status in multivariate logistic analysis. RESULTS: 77 (38.1%) patients were diagnosed as early-onset PSD status. PSD status group showed more severe periodontitis, lower income, lower Barthel Index (BI) score and Montreal Cognitive Assessment score, higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and modified Rankin scale (mRS) score compared with non-PSD status group. Multivariate logistic regression showed that severe periodontitis (odds ratio 2.401) and NIHSS score (>4, odds ratio 2.130) were independent predictors for early-onset PSD status. CONCLUSIONS: Severe periodontitis is found to be an important independent predictor of early-onset PSD status in patients with acute ischemic stroke, in addition to the well-known prognostic factors such as nonminor stroke assessed by NIHSS greater than 4.

7.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; : 1-13, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661692

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) on human mesangial cells (HMCs) apoptosis in vitro and further examine its molecular mechanism. METHODS: HMCs were divided into 5 groups: control group, 25% fetal bovine serum (FBS)-treated group, and NCTD groups (NCTD [2.5, 5 and 10 µg/mL] + 25% FBS, respectively). Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay, while apoptosis was evaluated by Hoechest 33258 staining, the level of cytochrome c, immunohistochemistry, and apoptotic-related proteins/gene expression. RESULTS: Cell viability was inhibited in NCTD-treated HMCs in a dose-dependent manner. The number of apoptotic cells and the content of cytochrome c were significantly increased by NCTD treatment but that of mitochondrial membrane was decreased. Moreover, the expression of bcl-2 and caspase-3 was prompted by NCTD, but the expression of bax, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in 25% FBS-treated HMCs was inhibited. In addition, NCTD markedly unregulated the expression of apoptosis-related gene/protein, including p-Erk1/2, phosphorylated-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p-p38, and p53. CONCLUSION: NCTD enhances 25% FBS-treated HMC apoptosis in vitro, and this effect may be attributed to the modulation of the ERK, JNK, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(22): 115109, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615696

RESUMO

A series of structurally diverse chrysin-chromene-spirooxindole hybrids were designed, synthesized via a Knoevenagel/Michael/cyclization of chrysin and isatylidene malononitrile derivatives through utilizing a hybrid pharmacophore approach. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity, and most of the compounds showed stronger anti-proliferative activity than parent compound chrysin. In particular, compound 3e had the highest cytotoxicity towards A549 cells (IC50 = 3.15 ±â€¯0.51 µM), and had better selectivity in A549 cells and normal MRC-5 cells. Furthermore, compound 3e could significantly inhibit the proliferation and migration of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner, as well as induce the apoptosis possibly through mitochondria-mediated caspase-3/8/9 activation and multi-target co-regulation of the p53 signaling pathway. Thus, our results provide in vitro evidence that compound 3e may be a potential candidate for the development of new anti-tumour drugs.

9.
Adv Mater ; 31(49): e1904329, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538379

RESUMO

Surgical resection is the primary and most effective treatment for most patients with solid tumors. However, patients suffer from postoperative recurrence and metastasis. In the past years, emerging nanotechnology has led the way to minimally invasive, precision and intelligent oncological surgery after the rapid development of minimally invasive surgical technology. Advanced nanotechnology in the construction of nanomaterials (NMs) for precision imaging-guided surgery (IGS) as well as surgery-assisted synergistic therapy is summarized, thereby unlocking the advantages of nanotechnology in multimodal IGS-assisted precision synergistic cancer therapy. First, mechanisms and principles of NMs to surgical targets are briefly introduced. Multimodal imaging based on molecular imaging technologies provides a practical method to achieve intraoperative visualization with high resolution and deep tissue penetration. Moreover, multifunctional NMs synergize surgery with adjuvant therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, immunotherapy, phototherapy) to eliminate residual lesions. Finally, key issues in the development of ideal theranostic NMs associated with surgical applications and challenges of clinical transformation are discussed to push forward further development of NMs for multimodal IGS-assisted precision synergistic cancer therapy.

10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(36): 8369-8373, 2019 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486452

RESUMO

We report the first asymmetric iminium ion catalysis-enabled cascade cycloaddition reaction of bifunctional chromone-oxindole synthons and α,ß-unsaturated aldehydes. This allowed one quaternary and four tertiary contiguous stereogenic centers to be constructed in a single operation. A range of spirooxindole-hexahydroxanthone molecules are obtained with up to 62% yield, >20 : 1 dr and >99% ee. This reaction has not only provided a new approach for constructing hexahydroxanthone-fused scaffolds by utilizing asymmetric iminium ion catalysis, but also advanced the chemistry of diversity-oriented synthesis based on bifunctional chromone synthons.

11.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 71(2): 435-442, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) accounts for the majority of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH); however, the risk factors for dementia conversion after ICH occurrence in CAA patients are unknown, especially in the long-term period after ICH. Therefore, we aimed to unravel the predictors for late post-ICH dementia (6 months after ICH event) in probable CAA patients. METHODS: From a large consecutive MRI prospective cohort of spontaneous ICH (2006-2017), we identified probable CAA patients (modified Boston criteria) without dementia 6 months post-ICH. Cognitive outcome during follow-up was determined based on the information from standardized clinical visit notes. We used Cox regression analysis to investigate the association between baseline demographic characteristics, past medical history, MRI biomarkers, and late post-ICH dementia conversion (dementia occurred after 6 months). RESULTS: Among 97 non-demented lobar ICH patients with probable CAA, 25 patients (25.8%) developed dementia during a median follow-up time of 2.5 years (IQR 1.5-3.8 years). Pre-existing mild cognitive impairment, increased white matter hyperintensities (WMH) burden, the presence of disseminated cortical superficial siderosis (cSS), and higher total small vessel disease score for CAA were all independent predictors for late dementia conversion. CONCLUSION: In probable CAA patients presenting with lobar ICH, high WMH burden and presence of disseminated cSS are useful neuroimaging biomarkers for dementia risk stratification. These findings have implications for clinical practice and future trial design.

12.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(9): 1867-1880, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387675

RESUMO

The present study aims to evaluate the effect of the ethyl acetate extract of Cichorium (EAEC) as a novel photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) HCT116 and SW620 cells. The absorption and fluorescence spectra of EAEC were measured using a UV-vis spectrophotometer and fluorescence spectrophotometer, respectively. EAEC-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in HCT116 and SW620 cells was detected using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) and glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG). The photo- and dark toxicities of EAEC were estimated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cellular uptake and localization of EAEC were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were used to assess apoptosis and autophagy. The antitumor activity of EAEC was confirmed in a xenograft model. Finally, effects on the PERK pathway were verified using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. EAEC displayed absorption and fluorescence emission peaks at 660 nm and 678 nm, respectively. EAEC induced ROS production in CRC cells. Assessment of dark toxicity showed that treatment with EAEC alone induced little cytotoxicity in CRC or normal cells but that EAEC-PDT induced significant photocytotoxicity in CRC cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. After cellular uptake, EAEC was located in the mitochondria. Treatment with EAEC-PDT reduced xenograft tumor size. Further evaluation suggested that activation of the PERK pathway mediates these effects, as the apoptotic rate and autophagy flux increased markedly after EAEC-PDT. EAEC, a natural photosensitizer extracted from Cichorium, displays potential utility in PDT of CRC by targeting the PERK pathway.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fotoquimioterapia , Acetatos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Proteínas Quinases , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
13.
J Org Chem ; 84(17): 10559-10568, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345039

RESUMO

The palladium-catalyzed decarbonylative Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of amides via selective amide C-N bond cleavage was reported, which afforded mild access to substitute biaryl products in the presence of low catalyst loading with NaHCO3 as the base in good yields within 4 h (29 examples).

14.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(3): 1103-1105, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278726

RESUMO

Invasive fungal infections caused by Candida albicans constitute a prevalent worldwide health problem. Due to limited antifungal agents available, more efforts have been made towards searching the novel anti-candida drugs with low cytotoxicity. The present study was aimed to investigate the antifungal activities of baicalin and/or sodium bicarbonate (SB) against 29 C. albicans isolates including 27 clinical ones. By using broth microdilution method and checkerboard assay, it was observed that the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of baicalin and SB alone were > 2048 µg/mL, and those of baicalin and SB in combination decreased 16-32 folds with fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) in a range of 0.094-0.375. The results presented the strong synergism between SB and baicalin in 27 clinical C. albicans isolates and provided an alternative choice against C. albicans.

15.
Stroke ; 50(7): 1727-1733, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159702

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Hematoma location within the cerebellum may help identify the dominant small vessel disease type (cerebral amyloid angiopathy [CAA] versus nonamyloid small vessel disease). However, it is unknown whether this holds true for cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) within the cerebellum. We tested the hypothesis that cerebellar CMBs restricted to the cortex and vermis (defined as superficial regions) are associated with clinically diagnosed and pathology-verified CAA. Methods- Three hundred and seven consecutive spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients with a baseline magnetic resonance imaging that included susceptibility-weighted imaging or angiography were enrolled. Using a topographical template, cerebellar CMB patterns were defined as strictly superficial versus deep (cerebellar gray nuclei and white matter) or mixed (both regions involved). Thirty-six ICH patients with cerebellar CMBs and neuropathology data available were evaluated for the presence of CAA. Results- One hundred and thirty-five (44%) ICH patients had CMBs in the cerebellum. In the patient group with cerebellar CMBs, 85 (63%) showed a superficial pattern, and 50 (37%) had a deep/mixed pattern. Strictly superficial cerebellar CMBs were independently associated with a supratentorial pattern of probable CAA-ICH according to the Boston criteria (odds ratio, 1.6; CI, 1.03-2.5) and deep/mixed cerebellar CMBs with a pattern of deep/mixed ICH (odds ratio, 1.8; CI, 1.2-2.7). Pathologically verified CAA was present in 23 of 24 (96%) patients with superficial cerebellar CMBs versus 3 of 12 (25%) patients with deep/mixed cerebellar CMBs ( P<0.001). Conclusions- In ICH patients, cerebellar CMBs are relatively common and often restricted to superficial regions. A strictly superficial distribution of cerebellar CMBs is associated with clinically diagnosed and pathologically verified CAA.

16.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(27): 6551-6556, 2019 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225578

RESUMO

A novel methodology toward the diversity-oriented asymmetric construction of densely functionalized isoxazole-dispirobisoxindoles was developed. This approach is distinguished by an organocatalytic stereo- and appealing ß-regioselective [3 + 2] cycloaddition reaction of 3-methyl-4-nitro-5-isatylidenyl-isoxazoles and 3-isothiocyanato oxindoles. Complex polycyclic oxindoles 3 featuring two different oxindole moieties and three contiguous stereocenters were smoothly afforded in up to 96% yield, 96% ee, and >20 : 1 dr. The described method, which is different from our previous work of α-regioselective asymmetric annulation of 3-methyl-4-nitro-5-isatylidenyl-isoxazoles, is the first ß-regioselective asymmetric annulation.

17.
J Org Chem ; 84(11): 6679-6688, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083948

RESUMO

An efficient strategy for stereo-controlled synthesis of potential biological and structurally complex chromanone-based spirocyclohexaneoxindoles via an organocatalytic domino formal double Michael cycloaddition of bifunctional chromone-oxindole synthons and nitroolefins is reported. These products possessing five adjacent stereocenters including one spiro quaternary carbon center, were smoothly afforded in up to 85% yield, >99% ee, and >20:1 dr. This strategy benefits from the intramolecular nature of the second Michael reaction step, through counterbalancing the lower electrophilicity of these unactivated chromones to facilitate the reaction.

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(5): 2240-2248, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087862

RESUMO

Rapid urbanization has driven surface runoff pollution in urban areas to a serious state. In particular, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)from road surface runoff has attracted wide attention. Two traffic roads in Shanghai (Caobao Road in an urban central area, and Jiajin Expressway in the suburbs) were identified as research objects. Runoff samples from these two traffic roads were collected for 7 rainfall events between 2007 and 2018. Then, the concentration characteristics and composition ratio of PAHs were analyzed. The differences in pollution sources of runoff PAHs from two types of traffic roads were identified based on characteristic ratio method and positive matrix factorization(PMF). The results showed that the geometric mean value (5539.2 ng·L-1) of 16 PAHs of runoff from Jiajin Expressway in the suburbs was 10 times greater than that from Caobao Road (548.1 ng·L-1), which was related to a higher truck traffic and a lower cleaning frequency on Jiajin Expressway. The benzo(a)pyrene(BaP)concentration on both roads exceeded the national emission standard, and the amount in the Jiajin Expressway was up to 21 times higher than the standard. There was no significant difference in the composition of PAHs of runoff between Caobao Road and Jiading Expressway, and 4-6 ring were dominant and responsible for 80% of total PAHs loads in both sites. Based on the analysis of the characteristic ratio method, the PAHs of runoff from Caobao Road mostly came from coal-fired sources and traffic sources, while that from Jiajin Expressway were mostly from fossil fuels, coal, and other traffic sources. Quantitative source analysis through PMF method showed that the primary sources of PAHs were gas and coal, accounting for 48.6%, followed by traffic emission sources (29.8%), and oil sources (21.7%). The contribution ratios of PAHs sources of runoff from Jiajin Expressway, sorted in descending order, are:traffic emission sources (38.5%), coal-fired sources (34.6%), oil sources (14.6%), and coking sources (12.6%). PAHs sources and contribution rates between urban and suburban roads are completely different. Gas and coal were the main sources of PAHs of runoff from Caobao Road, which was related to the high population density and relatively large gas consumption in the Xuhui District. Traffic emission was the main source of PAHs from surface runoff on Jiajin Expressway, which was related to the massive flow of coaches and trucks, and their higher PAHs emission compared to small cars. In addition, there are still coking sources of PAHs of runoff from Jiajin Expressway, which can be related to the massive industrial coal consumption in the Qingpu District.

19.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Child-Pugh (CP) score is a widely used method to assess liver function and predict postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, the fibrosis index (FIB-4) has been demonstrated to be closely associated with liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. This study aimed to compare the capability of FIB-4 index with CP score in predicting the outcomes for HCC patients after hepatectomy. METHODS: A total of 495 HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy were enrolled. The performance of the FIB-4 index in predicting postoperative liver failure (PHLF) and overall survival was compared with that of the CP score. RESULTS: Of them, 9.3% (46/495) patients developed PHLF. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the FIB-4 index for predicting PHLF was greater than that of the CP score (0.744 versus 0.621; P = 0.044). The optimal cutoff value of the FIB-4 index for predicting PHLF was 4.16. Multivariable analyses revealed that the FIB-4 index was an independent predictor of PHLF regardless of the hepatectomy subgroups, but the CP grade was only a significant predictor of PHLF in the minor hepatectomy subgroup. The FIB-4 index (4.16) stratified patients into two distinct overall survival cohorts (P = 0.006). The FIB-4 index also classified patients with the Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages 0 and A into two distinct overall survival cohorts (P = 0.001 and P = 0.034, respectively). CONCLUSION: The FIB-4 index may be a better predictor of PHLF and overall survival in HCC patients with hepatectomy than CP score.

20.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(6): 1345-1353, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072441

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and the third most common in Asia, with a high mortality. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a new treatment for cancer. With advantages of minimum invasiveness, small adverse side effects and high selectivity, PDT can be used as palliative treatment for patients with advanced gastric cancer. YLG I, also known as 2-(1 hexyloxyethyl)-2-devinyl porphin e6 trisodium salt (HCE6), is a recently developed photosensitizer. A previous study showed that HCE6 significantly inhibited the growth of QBC939 human cholangiocarcinoma cells. However, the effects and mechanisms of HCE6 on gastric cancer cell suppression are not known. In this study, we investigated the effects of HCE6 on the human gastric cancer cell line MKN45 and found that at the concentration of 2.0 mg/L, HCE6 almost completely killed MKN45 cells at a light intensity of 3.6 J/cm². RNAseq results confirmed that mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mediated apoptosis was involved in the effects of HCE6 on cell death, and we also found that HCE6 induced chromosome conformational changes in the early phase of apoptosis. The results of our study help elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying HCE6-mediated inhibition of gastric cancer cell growth and provide a theoretical basis and molecular targets for the treatment of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes
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