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1.
J Immunol ; 203(6): 1560-1570, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391232

RESUMO

STING plays central roles in the innate immune response to pathogens that contain DNA. Sensing cytoplasmic DNA by cyclic GMP-AMP synthase produces cyclic GMP-AMP, which binds to and activates STING and induces STING translocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the perinuclear microsome. However, this trafficking process has not been fully elucidated yet. In this study, we identified YIPF5 as a positive regulator of STING trafficking. YIPF5 is essential for DNA virus- or intracellular DNA-triggered production of type I IFNs. Consistently, knockdown of YIPF5 impairs cellular antiviral responses to DNA virus. Mechanistically, YIPF5 interacts with both STING and components of COPII, facilitating STING recruitment to COPII in the presence of cytoplasmic dsDNA. Furthermore, knockdown of components of COPII inhibits DNA virus-triggered production of type I IFNs, suggesting that COPII is involved in innate immune responses to DNA viruses. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that YIPF5 positively regulates STING-mediated innate immune responses by recruiting STING to COPII-coated vesicles and facilitating STING trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi, providing important insights into the molecular mechanisms of intracellular DNA-stimulated STING trafficking and activation.

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(21): 10447-10452, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061131

RESUMO

STAT3 is a transcription factor that plays central roles in various physiological processes, including differentiation of Th cells. Its deregulation results in serious diseases, including inflammatory diseases and cancer. The mechanisms related to how STAT3 activity is regulated remain enigmatic. Here we show that overexpression of FAM64A potentiates IL-6-induced activation of STAT3 and expression of downstream target genes, whereas deficiency of FAM64A has the opposite effects. FAM64A interacts with STAT3 in the nucleus and regulates binding of STAT3 to the promoters of its target genes. Deficiency of Fam64a significantly impairs differentiation of Th17 but not Th1 or induced regulatory T cells (iTreg). In addition, Fam64a deficiency attenuates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis, which is correlated with decreased differentiation of Th17 cells and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, Fam64a deficiency suppresses azoxymethane (AOM)/DSS-induced colitis-associated cancer (CAC) in mice. These findings suggest that FAM64A regulates Th17 differentiation and colitis and inflammation-associated cancer by modulating transcriptional activity of STAT3.

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