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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127184, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536844

RESUMO

In order to protect environment and save uranium resources, it was necessary to find a highly efficient adsorbent for uranium recovery from wastewater. In this work, we used a freeze-drying-calcination method to synthesize HAP aerogel to effectively remove uranium. Compared with commercially available nano-hydroxyapatite, HAP aerogel presented better adsorption performance. This was because the as-prepared HAP aerogel presented continuous porous structure, which could provide more active sites for the adsorption to uranium. The uranium removal efficiency of HAP aerogel arrived 99.4% within 10 min and the maximum adsorption capacity was up to 2087.6 mg g-1 at pH = 4.0 and 298 K. In addition, the immobilization of uranium on HAP aerogel was chemisorption, which was probably due to adsorption, dissolution-precipitation and ions exchange. These results indicated that the as-prepared HAP aerogel could be widely used as a high efficiency and potential adsorbent for the treatment of uranium-containing wastewater in the future.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 1051-1063, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785453

RESUMO

Organic semiconductors have been recognized as a new generation of photocatalysts for pollutants degradation and energy production. Herein, organic heterojunction (TpMa/CN) consisting of carbon nitride and ß-ketoenamine-based covalent organic framework is fabricated via a controllable self-assembly approach. The as-prepared TpMa/CN heterojunctions show enlarged visible-light absorption. The optimum TpMa/CN-5 photocatalyst achieves the highest photocatalytic activity towards tetracycline degradation, and its photocatalytic degradation rate is improved by 2.3 and 4.3 times than TpMa and CN, respectively. As a multifunctional photocatalyst, TpMa/CN-5 sample also shows remarkable photocatalytic activity for hydrogen peroxide production (880.494 µM h-1), which is 49 times higher than that of CN. Experimental and theoretical investigations indicate that a built-in electric field is formed at the interface of composite, which enables an accelerated charge transfer and separation. This work develops an effective strategy to design difunctional photocatalyst and deciphers the electronic properties and mechanisms of g-C3N4-based organic photocatalysts, which spurs further interests for organic heterojunction photocatalysts in the future.

3.
Fertil Steril ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of the maternal serum albumin (MAlb) level with fetal growth and fetal growth restriction (FGR) risk in term-born singletons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Four hospital maternity units of the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort study initiated from September 2013 to April 2016 at Wuhan City, in central China. PATIENT(S): A total of 3,065 mother-offspring pairs. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fetal growth was evaluated by birth weight (BW) and birth length. Fetal growth restriction was defined as BW below the 10th percentile. RESULT(S): All MAlb levels were within the upper limit of normal. After adjustment for liver function parameters, inflammatory indicators, and others, a reverse U-shaped relationship between MAlb and fetal growth was observed. Specifically, BW increased significantly with an increasing MAlb level when the MAlb level was <36.1 g/L (per g/L: ß = 36.8; 95% CI, 0.8, 72.7) but decreased with increasing the MAlb level when the MAlb level was >36.1 g/L (per g/L: ß = -15.1; 95% CI, -21.2, -8.9). There was a similar association between MAlb and birth length. Furthermore, the adjusted odd ratios of FGR across increasing tertiles of the MAlb levels were 1.0 (reference), 1.1 (0.7, 1.8), and 1.7 (1.0, 2.6). CONCLUSION(S): There was a reverse U-shaped association between MAlb and fetal growth. A higher MAlb level was associated with an increased risk of FGR. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03099837.

4.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 27(11)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643696

RESUMO

Evidence accumulated in recent years has revealed that neutrophils are involved in the initial establishment of endometriosis, which is well-known as a chronic inflammatory disease. So far, why and how neutrophils promote the formation of early endometriosis are still unclear. In this study, using a mouse model of endometriosis, we demonstrated that endometriosis mice (EMs mice) had a significantly increased number of neutrophils in peritoneal fluids and lesions, and increased levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and IL-6 in serum and peritoneal fluids compared to the control group. In the neutrophils and uterine fragments co-injection experiment, neutrophils regulated by G-CSF and IL-6 had a similar effect to neutrophils from EMs mice, increasing the number, area, weight and microvessel density (MVD) of endometriotic lesions. Blocking the effect of G-CSF and IL-6 in EMs mice resulted in a decrease in the number, area and weight of endometriotic lesions. Following the depletion of neutrophils in vivo using a anti-Ly6G antibody, the MVD in the lesions of mice treated with neutrophils from EMs mice and neutrophils from pG/pI6 mice were significantly reduced. Neutrophils from EMs mice and neutrophils from pG/pI6 mice altered the expression levels of Mmp9, Bv8 and Trail genes compared to the neutrophils from PBS-treated mice. IL-6 together with G-CSF induced a higher expression of phospho-STAT3 and STAT3 in neutrophils. These findings suggest that neutrophils modulated by G-CSF and IL-6 through the STAT3 pathway alter the expression levels of the angiogenesis-related genes Mmp9, Bv8 and Trail, and may promote the establishment of early endometriosis.

5.
J Acad Nutr Diet ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have found that maternal fish intake is associated with fetal growth, the role of freshwater fish intake remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the relationships of freshwater fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake with the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) in Chinese pregnant women. DESIGN: This was a prospective analysis of data from the Tongji Birth cohort in Wuhan, China, from 2018 to 2021. PARTICIPANTS/SETTINGS: This study included 1,701 pregnant women who had completed a food frequency questionnaire dietary assessment during mid-pregnancy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intake of fish was assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Total intake of n-3 PUFAs was the sum of data collected from both dietary and supplemental sources of n-3 PUFAs. Birth information was extracted from medical records. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Multivariate logistic regression models were applied to estimate odds ratios and 95% CIs. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) intake of freshwater fish and total n-3 PUFAs was 12.1 (4.3 to 26.4) g/d and 68.2 (24.5 to 370.0) mg/d, respectively. Moderate intake of freshwater fish was associated with reduced risk of SGA. Compared with the lowest quintile (0-3.2 g/d), the multivariable-adjusted odds ratio for women in the fourth quintile of freshwater fish intake (17.9 to 30.0 g/d) was 0.50 (95% CI 0.25 to 0.96). We found a nonlinear association between freshwater fish intake and SGA risk (Pnonlinearity = .027). However, maternal n-3 PUFAs intake was not significantly associated with SGA risk, either from total intake or from dietary sources alone. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate freshwater fish intake during pregnancy is associated with lower risk of SGA in a Chinese population. This finding provides supportive evidence for freshwater fish intake during pregnancy, particularly for the inland areas of developing countries.

6.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(8): 2362-2395, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522591

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), comprised of organic ligands and metal ions/metal clusters via coordinative bonds are highly porous, crystalline materials. Their tunable porosity, chemical composition, size and shape, and easy surface functionalization make this large family more and more popular for drug delivery. There is a growing interest over the last decades in the design of engineered MOFs with controlled sizes for a variety of biomedical applications. This article presents an overall review and perspectives of MOFs-based drug delivery systems (DDSs), starting with the MOFs classification adapted for DDSs based on the types of constituting metals and ligands. Then, the synthesis and characterization of MOFs for DDSs are developed, followed by the drug loading strategies, applications, biopharmaceutics and quality control. Importantly, a variety of representative applications of MOFs are detailed from a point of view of applications in pharmaceutics, diseases therapy and advanced DDSs. In particular, the biopharmaceutics and quality control of MOFs-based DDSs are summarized with critical issues to be addressed. Finally, challenges in MOFs development for DDSs are discussed, such as biostability, biosafety, biopharmaceutics and nomenclature.

7.
Anim Sci J ; 92(1): e13638, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585472

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the meat quality and evaluate the chemical composition of Chinese Ningdu yellow chicken of different weights once they have reached market age. Thirty hens at the day of age 118 were selected and divided into three groups according to their weight: light weight (1288.00 ± 69.78 g, n = 10), medium weight (1407.17 ± 39.40 g, n = 10), heavy weight (1581.6 ± 46.59 g, n = 10), and the differences in weight among these three groups are significant. Biochemical, histological, and metabonomic approaches were used to obtain index values of meat quality and chemical composition. Compared with meat from lighter chickens, muscle fiber density was significantly lower in heavier chickens, and meat pH was positively correlated with chicken weight. Though the amount of all measured amino acids were not different among three weight groups of chicken, the levels of several kinds of fatty acids exhibited significant differences or correlations, including linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, myristic acid, oleic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These results contribute to help customers choose the optimal chicken weight depending upon the food to be cooked.

8.
Brain Res ; 1771: 147647, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481787

RESUMO

Dendrobium nobile Lindl. alkaloid (DNLA) is effective against animal models of Alzheimer's disease. This study further examined its effect on anxiety and depression produced by chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). Rats were subjected to CUS for 42 days, followed by DNLA treatment (20 mg/kg/day, po) for 28 days. The behavioral tests, histopathology, neurotransmitters and RNA-Seq were examined. DNLA attenuated body weight loss and CUS-induced anxiety/depressive-like behaviors, as evidenced by the elevated-plus-maze test, open-field test and sucrose preference. DNLA alleviated neuronal damage and loss and increased Nissl bodies in the hippocampus CA2 region and cortex. DNLA decreased CUS-elevated 5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine and monoamine oxidase and catechol-O-methyltransferase activities in the brain. DNLA attenuated HPA activation by decreasing adrenocorticotropic hormones and the expression of corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1, and increased the expression of glucocorticoid receptor in the brain. RNA-Seq revealed distinct gene expression patterns among groups. Gene ontology revealed the cell projection assembly, postsynapse and centrosome as top biological processes, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment showed the cAMP, cGMP-PKG, glutamatergic synapse and circadian as major pathways for DNLA effects. Using DESeq2, CUS modulated 1700 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which were prevented or attenuated by DNLA. CUS-induced DEGs were highly correlated with the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database for anxiety and depression and were ameliorated by DNLA. Taken together, DNLA attenuated anxiety/depression-like behavior and neuronal damage induced by CUS in rats. The mechanisms could be related to regulation of the monoamine neurotransmitters and the HPA axis, and modulation of gene expression in the hippocampus.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 190: 130-140, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481848

RESUMO

Quinoa starch was developed as a new kind of Pickering emulsifier by enzymatic modification. The morphological structure, crystalline structure, lamellar structure, fractal structure, particle size distribution, contact angle, emulsion index (EI), and emulsion micromorphology were studied to explore the relationship between structure characteristics, hydrophilic property, and emulsifying properties of enzymatically modified (EM) quinoa starches. With the increasing enzymatic hydrolysis time in the test range of 0-9 h, particle size of EM quinoa starch decreased, and the broken starch and contact angle of EM quinoa starch increased; the EI value of emulsions with EM quinoa starch increased, and the oil droplet size of emulsions with EM quinoa starch decreased. It suggested that both the smallest particle size and the closest extent of the contact angle to 90° derived the best emulsifying property of EM-9. The EM quinoa starch had higher emulsifying capacity at higher oil volume fraction (Φ) (50%) than at lower Φ (20%), proving that the EM starch has potential to be used as Pickering emulsifiers in higher oil products, such as salad dressing.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(24): 28129-28139, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110142

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have attracted considerable attention because of their low cost, high intrinsic safety, and high volumetric capacity. However, unexpected dendrite growth and side reactions that arise at the Zn anode can severely hinder the mass adoption of ZIBs in practical applications. Herein, we report a dendrite-free ZIB anode via the hybridization of a eutectic ZnAl alloy with a copper mesh (denoted as ZnAl@Cu-mesh). The eutectic structure of the ZnAl alloy is composed of alternating Zn blocks and Al nanoflakes. The Al nanoflakes sacrificially consume the oxygen in the electrolyte to form an Al2O3/Al shell-core structure, which in turn guides the Zn deposition process by restraining the lateral diffusion of zinc ions and hence reducing the extent of dendrite formation. This process can synergistically reduce the likelihood of Zn passivation, which allows the Zn region to remain electrochemically active for the Zn stripping/plating process. Meanwhile, a copper mesh is used as a scaffold to provide uniform electric field distribution. As a result, the symmetric ZnAl@Cu-mesh//ZnAl@Cu-mesh cell presents appreciably low polarization (30 mV at 0.5 mA cm-2) and excellent cycling stability (240 h at 0.5 mA cm-2), as compared to Zn//Zn. Based on the postmortem investigation, ZnAl@Cu-mesh is able to retain a dendrite-free morphology after cycling at 1 mA cm-2, while significant dendrite formation can be observed for Zn. More impressively, the ZnAl@Cu-mesh//V2O5 full cell is able to achieve a 95% capacity retention after 2000 cycles at 2 A g-1, whereas its counterpart assembled with Zn fails after only 750 cycles because of short-circuit. Thus, the composite alloying strategy proposed in this work may provide an appealing direction toward the future development of dendrite-free anodes for rechargeable secondary batteries.

12.
Biochem Genet ; 59(5): 1311-1325, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797690

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumour with high recurrence and mortality rates and poor prognosis. However, the pathogenic mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the roles and regulatory mechanism of SNHG16 in the occurrence and development of CCA. Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) was used to predict the expressions of SNHG16 and GATA6 in CCA samples from TCGA database. The levels of SNHG16, miR-146a-5p and GATA6 were evaluated using qRT-PCR. CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Western blotting was applied to analyse the protein levels of GATA6 and apoptosis-related proteins. SNHG16 was significantly elevated in CCA tissues from TCGA database and CCA cell lines. Moreover, downregulation of SNHG16 restricted cell proliferation and increased apoptotic rate of RBE and HuCCT1 cells. miR-146a-5p, a downstream target of SNHG16, was shown to be an intermediate mediator of GATA6 expression regulated by SNHG16. In addition, either the miR-146a-5p inhibitor or overexpression of GATA6 obviously impaired the regulatory effects of SNHG16 downregulation in RBE and HuCCT1 cells. These data demonstrated that SNHG16 promoted cell proliferation and repressed apoptosis by regulating the miR-146a-5p/GATA6 axis, which provides some helpful insights for the diagnosis and treatment of CCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Fator de Transcrição GATA6/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Apoptose , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição GATA6/genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
Front Genet ; 12: 652376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33868383

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of hereditary spherocythemia (HS) in Chinese children, and to analyze the potential genotypic/phenotypic associations. Methods: The clinical data and gene test results of children with HS were collected. All patients were diagnosed by gene test results, and the laboratory results were obtained before splenectomy. The data of red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (HB), mean red blood cell volume (MCV), mean red blood cell hemoglobin (MCH), mean red blood cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and hematocrit (HCT) were statistically analyzed according to different mutation genes. Statistical methods for comparison between groups Mann-Whitney test analysis, two-terminal p < 0.05 was considered significant difference. Results: A total of 15 children were enrolled in our hospital, and 14 variants were found (nine variants have not been reported before), including 10 ANK1 mutations (seven ANK1 truncated mutations) and five SPTB mutations. Patients with ANK1 mutations had more severe anemia than those with SPTB mutations (significantly lower RBC, HB, MCHC, and HCT). Conclusion: This is one of the few studies on the genetic and clinical characteristics of children with HS in China. This study identified the unique genetic and clinical characteristics of Chinese children with HS and analyzed the pathogenic genotype-phenotypic association. The results confirmed that the anemia degree of HS patients caused by ANK1 was more serious than that of patients with SPTB deficiency. However, further study of the correlation between genotype and phenotype requires a larger sample size.

14.
Neurol Sci ; 42(8): 3485-3490, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) is a heterogeneous group of rare disorders with impaired neuromuscular transmission caused by genetic defects, which is characterized by fatigable muscle weakness. CASE PRESENTATION:  Herein, we report a case of limb-girdle CMS (LG-CMS) in a 15-year-old Chinese girl with limb weakness and mild ptosis. The patient presented with well-defined clinical manifestations, muscle imaging, and electrophysiological features associated with CMS. On muscle biopsy, in addition to tubular aggregates identified, an extremely unusual pathological change of rimmed vacuoles in muscle fibers was observed. Whole-exome sequencing disclosed two novel heterozygous variants (c.14 T>A and c.581 T>C) in the human glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 1 (GFPT1) gene, leading to the substitutions of phenylalanine to tyrosine (p.F5Y) and serine (p.F194S), respectively. Both variants were predicted to be likely pathogenic by SIFT, Polyphen-2, and Mutation Taster. Treatments with pyridostigmine bromide and albuterol produced a dramatic improvement. CONCLUSIONS:  Collectively, molecular genetic analysis and muscle biopsy play crucial roles in the diagnosis of GFPT1-related LG-CMS with rimmed vacuoles (a rare phenotype of CMS) and have important implications for treatment decision.


Assuntos
Síndromes Miastênicas Congênitas , Adolescente , Feminino , Glutamina-Frutose-6-Fosfato Transaminase (Isomerizante)/genética , Humanos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas , Mutação/genética , Síndromes Miastênicas Congênitas/genética , Vacúolos
15.
Luminescence ; 36(2): 531-542, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125824

RESUMO

Quantitative detection of two different forms of SN-38 in biological samples is, currently, cumbersome and difficult. A revisit to the mechanism of supramolecular complexation-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy helps to optimize the determination of SN-38 in plasma and the cellular pharmacokinetics in A549 cells based on the supramolecular complexation. Firstly, the inclusion mechanism dominated by thermodynamic constants was determined by measuring kinetic/thermodynamic parameters (kon , koff , ΔG, ΔH, ΔS). On this basis, the best effect of fluorescence sensitization was optimized through screening the interaction conditions (cyclodextrin species and concentrations, drug levels, temperature, pH of the buffer, and reaction time). Furthermore, the proportional relationship between the concentration of the inclusion complex and the fluorescence intensity was confirmed. Finally, a highly sensitive, selective spectrofluorimetric method was established and validated for quantitative analysis of the lactone and carboxylate molecular states of SN-38 plasma levels in rats and cell membrane transfer kinetics in A549 cell lines. The limits of detection for the lactone and carboxylate forms in plasma were found to be 0.44 ng·ml-1 and 0.28 ng·ml-1 , respectively. Precision and accuracy met the requirements of biological samples analysis. The proposed detection method provided a reference for elucidating the biodistribution of SN-38.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Animais , Irinotecano , Ratos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Distribuição Tecidual
16.
Clin Nutr ; 40(2): 550-559, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Emerging evidence has shown the inverse association between dietary polyphenols intake and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk, however, few studies focus on the prospective effects of polyphenols on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Thus, the aim was to evaluate whether higher polyphenols intake and the intake from fruits and vegetables was correlated to a lower risk of GDM. METHODS: Dietary intake of polyphenols of women with a singleton pregnancy and without any history of diabetes were obtained by a validated food frequency questionnaire from Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort study. Oral glucose tolerance tests were conducted at 24-28 weeks to screen for GDM. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between dietary intake of polyphenols, and the results were presented as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs). Generalized linear models were adopted to determine the association of polyphenols intake with blood glucose concentrations, and the results were presented as coefficients (ß) with 95% CIs. RESULTS: 185 (8.3%) of 2231 pregnant women were diagnosed with GDM. The intake of total polyphenols was 319.9 (217.8-427.0) mg/d, and the intake from fruits and vegetables was 201.6 (115.3-281.8) mg/d and 63.2 (41.1-92.7) mg/d, respectively. Compared with the lowest quartile, the adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of GDM risk for women with the highest quartile of total polyphenols and flavonoids intake was 0.55 (0.30, 0.99), and 0.57 (0.32, 0.99). The adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of GDM risk was 0.55 0.51 (0.30, 0.87) (Pfor trend = 0.017) for polyphenols from fruits, 0.58 (0.34, 0.99) (Pfor trend = 0.038) for flavonoids from fruits, and 0.62 (0.38, 1.00) (Pfor trend = 0.065) for anthocyanidins from fruits comparing the highest versus lowest quartile. In addition, each 100 mg increase of total polyphenols and polyphenols from fruits was associated with 0.054 (0.008, 0.096) (P = 0.021) and 0.061 (0.012, 0.109) (P = 0.015) decrease in 2-h post-load blood glucose. No significant association was found between total polyphenols from vegetables intake and the risk of GDM. CONCLUSIONS: Higher dietary intake of total polyphenols and flavonoids and the intake from fruits was associated with lower GDM risk. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03099837.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional/etiologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas , Polifenóis/análise , Adulto , Glicemia , Causalidade , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Gestacional/prevenção & controle , Dieta/métodos , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Verduras
17.
Matern Child Nutr ; 17(1): e13043, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815668

RESUMO

We aimed to assess protein nutrition status during pregnancy by maternal plasma total protein (MTP) levels in urban pregnant women and to explore the association between the trimester-specific MTP levels and risk of preterm birth (PTB). A prospective design was conducted in 3,382 mother-newborn pairs with the second-trimester maternal MTP information and in 3,478 mother-newborn pairs with the third-trimester MTP information. Multiple Cox proportional hazard regression and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the associations between MTP levels and PTB risk as well as gestational duration, respectively. Nearly all the second-trimester MTP levels were within the clinical reference range, but more than 40% of the third-trimester MTP levels were less than the lower limit of normal. No significant association was found between the second-trimester MTP level and PTB risk. However, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of PTB across increasing quartiles of the third-trimester MTP levels were 1.00 (reference), 0.59 (0.36, 0.95), 0.35 (0.20, 0.60), and 0.32 (0.19, 0.53) (p for trend < 0.001), respectively. Each standard deviations increment of the third-trimester MTP was associated with increase of 0.13 weeks in gestational duration. Moreover, stratified analyses showed that the effects of third-trimester MTP on PTB risk and gestational duration were stronger in pregnant women carrying female offspring than those carrying male offspring (p for interaction < 0.05). The third-trimester MTP level was inversely associated with PTB risk and was positively associated with gestational duration. Improving third-trimester MTP level may be helpful for preventing PTB.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Estado Nutricional , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 10(9): 1709-1718, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088690

RESUMO

It is essential to develop new carriers for laryngeal drug delivery in light of the lack of therapy in laryngeal related diseases. When the inhalable micron-sized crystals of γ-cyclodextrin metal-organic framework (CD-MOF) was utilized as dry powder inhalers (DPIs) carrier with high fine particle fraction (FPF), it was found in this research that the encapsulation of a glycoside compound, namely, scutellarin (SCU) in CD-MOF could significantly enhance its laryngeal deposition. Firstly, SCU loading into CD-MOF was optimized by incubation. Then, a series of characterizations were carried out to elucidate the mechanisms of drug loading. Finally, the laryngeal deposition rate of CD-MOF was 57.72 ± 2.19% improved by SCU, about two times higher than that of CD-MOF, when it was determined by Next Generation Impactor (NGI) at 65 L/min. As a proof of concept, pharyngolaryngitis therapeutic agent dexamethasone (DEX) had improved laryngeal deposition after being co-encapsulated with SCU in CD-MOF. The molecular simulation demonstrated the configuration of SCU in CD-MOF and its contribution to the free energy of the SCU@CD-MOF, which defined the enhanced laryngeal anchoring. In conclusion, the glycosides-like SCU could effectively enhance the anchoring of CD-MOF particles to the larynx to facilitate the treatment of laryngeal diseases.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114583

RESUMO

The dredger construction environment is harsh, and the mud concentration meter can be damaged from time to time. To ensure that the dredger can continue construction operations when the mud concentration meter is damaged, the development of a dredger with advantages of low price and simple operation that can be used in emergency situations is essential. The characteristic spare mud concentration meter is particularly critical. In this study, a data-driven soft sensor method is proposed that can predict the mud concentration in real time and can mitigate current marine mud concentration meter malfunctions, which affects continuous construction. This sensor can also replace the mud concentration meter when the construction is stable, thereby extending its service life. The method is applied to two actual construction cases, and the results show that the stacking generalization (SG) model has a good prediction effect in the two cases, and its goodness of fit R2 values are as high as 0.9774 and 0.9919, indicating that this method can successfully detect the mud concentration.

20.
Chemosphere ; 261: 128010, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113657

RESUMO

Clay materials are commonly used in remediation techniques for heavy metal contaminated soil. In this study, a magnesium (Mg(OH)2/MgO)-montmorillonite was proposed to be utilized for heavy metals immobilization in contaminated soil, with the remediation efficiency evaluated through the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and the community bureau of reference sequential extraction procedure (BCR). The addition of magnesium-montmorillonite resulted in lower TCLP extractability for the heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd) in soil as it promoted their conversion from acid soluble fraction to residual fraction. Meanwhile, MM raised the soil pH and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC). It was demonstrated that the immobilization of heavy metal in the presence of magnesium-montmorillonite was primarily induced by electrostatic attraction, precipitation and chelation with water-soluble organic carbon. Interestingly, a decreased bacterial community diversity was observed in soil treated by magnesium-montmorillonite (MM). The presence of pure magnesium-montmorillonite promoted the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes but reduced that of Bacteroides and Acidobacteria. Our results suggest that integrating the biochar into montmorillonite-based amendments can alleviate the damage to soil microorganisms by weakening the negative correlation between the two factors (content clay and WSOC in soil) and soil bacteria.


Assuntos
Bentonita/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
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